Alphonso Jackson: Wikis

  
  

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Alphonso Jackson


In office
March 31, 2004 – April 18, 2008
President George W. Bush
Preceded by Mel Martinez
Succeeded by Steve Preston

Born September 9, 1945 (1945-09-09) (age 64)
Marshall, Texas
Political party Republican
Alma mater Truman State University
Washington University School of Law

Alphonso Roy Jackson (born September 9, 1945) served as the 13th United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). He was nominated by President George W. Bush on January 28, 2004 and unanimously confirmed by the Senate on March 31, 2004. On March 31, 2008, Jackson announced his resignation, effective April 18, 2008.

Jackson became the Deputy Secretary of HUD in June 2001. After former HUD Secretary Mel Martinez left the administration to campaign for the November 2004 election for a U.S. Senate seat in Florida, Jackson became acting secretary of HUD.

Contents

Early life and career

Born in Marshall, Texas, Jackson grew up in South Dallas. His father was a lead smelter; Jackson was the youngest of twelve children. He earned a bachelor's degree in political science (1968) and a master's degree in education administration (1969) from Northeast Missouri State University (now Truman State University) and a J.D. from Washington University School of Law in 1973. Jackson is a member of the Kappa Alpha Psi fraternity.

In 1977, Jackson became the Director of Public Safety for the City of St. Louis. Jackson also served as executive director for the St. Louis Housing Authority. While there, he also became an assistant professor at the University of Missouri - St. Louis. Later, Jackson was Director of the HUD Office of Public and Assisted Housing in Washington, DC.

From January 1989 until July 1996, Jackson was President and CEO of the Housing Authority of the City of Dallas, Texas. He later became President of American Electric Power-TEXAS, a large utility company located in Austin, Texas. In 1995, Governor George W. Bush appointed Jackson to the Texas Southern University Board of Regents; he remained on the board until 2003.Since 2008, Jackson is the Distinguished University Professor and Director of the Center for Public Policy and Leadership at Hampton University, a historically black university in Hampton, VA.

Cabinet career

Jackson first joined the Bush Administration in June 2001 as the Deputy Secretary and Chief Operating Officer of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. As Deputy Secretary, Jackson managed the day-to-day operations of HUD, which had an annual budget of over $30 billion. After HUD Secretary Mel Martinez left the administration to campaign for the November 2004 election for a U.S. Senate seat in Florida, Jackson became acting secretary of HUD. He was nominated by President George W. Bush on January 28, 2004 to take that position on a permanent basis, and was unanimously confirmed by the Senate on March 31, 2004. Jackson was the fourth African American to hold that post. On March 31, 2008, Jackson announced his resignation, effective April 18, 2008.

Harry Alford, founder and CEO of the National Black Chamber of Commerce, argues that Secretary Jackson should be credited with increasing minority contracting at HUD to record levels, citing The Department of Housing and Development as leading among all other federal agencies in minority and women contracting during Jackson's tenure:

It didn’t take long for the minority portion of contracts to rise from 14.5 percent to over 45 percent. This is something unheard of from a federal agency until then. Blacks, Asians, Hispanic, White women became euphoric but the mainstream, white male faction found little to be happy about. So, the start of a formal white press condemnation of Secretary Jackson began.[1]

Controversies at HUD

Withholding funds for political reasons

In March 2008, The Washington Post reported on a series of emails in early 2007 between HUD assistant secretaries Kim Kendrick and Orlando J. Cabrera that suggested that HUD leadership sought to punish Carl R. Greene, the director of the Philadelphia Housing Authority (PHA). Greene had refused to turn over property to Universal Community Homes, a development company founded by Kenny Gamble; Greene said that Universal had not performed as promised. Gamble complained to Jackson about the situation in 2006. On the same date that the emails were sent, HUD notified PHA that it was in violation of rules regarding accessibility for disabled residents.[2]

U.S. District Judge Paul S. Diamond ruled on April 18, 2008 in Philadelphia that HUD acted legally and did not retaliate against the housing authority.[3]

On October 16, 2008, the Philadelphia Housing Authority signed a ten year agreement with HUD. PHA said that over the next four years it would make sure 760 units of housing were upgraded to be fully accessible for people with disabilities.[4]

Countrywide Financial Loan Scandal

In June 2008, Conde Nast Portfolio reported that Jackson allegedly got below-rate loans at Countrywide Financial because the corporation considered the officeholders "FOA's"--"Friends of Angelo" (Countrywide Chief Executive Angelo Mozilo).[5]

Financial commentator David Fiderer argued that according to the Countrywide documentation, there were no fee waivers, or other financial benefits, for three V.I.P.s - Jackson, Paul Begala and Henry Cisneros, and that their names were simply added to sensationalize the Portfolio article.[6]

References

  1. ^ Beyond the Rhetoric, A Giant for Black Business Moves On, "Madison Times", June 30, 2008
  2. ^ Leonnig, Carol D. "HUD E-Mails Refer to Retaliation", Washington Post, March 12, 2008.
  3. ^ http://dockets.justia.com/docket/court-paedce/case_no-2:2007cv05434/case_id-246250/
  4. ^ Lin,Jennifer[http://www.philly.com/inquirer/local/pa/20081017_HUD__PHA_agreement_settles_yearlong_feud.html "HUD, PHA agreement settles yearlong feud"], Philadelphia Inquirer, October 17, 2008.
  5. ^ Countrywide's Many 'Friends' Conde Nast Portfolio, June 12, 2008
  6. ^ Fiderer, David (February 5, 2009). "The Huffington Post". Worse Than Whitewater, Chris Dodd and the Phony Countrywide V.I.P. Loan Scandal. HuffingtonPost.com, Inc.. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/david-fiderer/worse-than-whitewater. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Mel Martinez
United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
Served under: George W. Bush

March 31, 2004 – April 18, 2008
Succeeded by
Steve Preston







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