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Amalfi
—  Comune  —
Comune di Amalfi
Panorama of Amalfi

Coat of arms
Amalfi is located in Italy
Amalfi
Location of Amalfi in Italy
Coordinates: 40°38′N 14°36′E / 40.633°N 14.6°E / 40.633; 14.6Coordinates: 40°38′N 14°36′E / 40.633°N 14.6°E / 40.633; 14.6
Country Italy
Region Campania
Province Salerno
Frazioni Lone, Pastena, Pogerola, Tovere, Vettica
Government
 - Mayor Antonio De Luca
(centre-left; elected 28 May 2006)
Area
 - Total 6.11 km2 (2.4 sq mi)
Elevation 6 m (20 ft)
Population (1 May 2009)
 - Total 5,353
 - Density 876.1/km2 (2,269.1/sq mi)
 - Demonym Amalfitani
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 84011
Dialing code 089
Patron saint Saint Andrew
Saint day November 30
Website Official website

Amalfi is a town and comune in the province of Salerno, in the region of Campania, Italy, on the Gulf of Salerno, c. 35 km southeast of Naples. It lies at the mouth of a deep ravine, at the foot of Monte Cerreto (1,315 meters, 4,314 feet), surrounded by dramatic cliffs and coastal scenery. The town of Amalfi was the capital of the Maritime Republic of Amalfi, an important trading power in the Mediterranean between 839 and around 1200.

In the 1920s and 1930s, Amalfi was a popular holiday destination for the British upper class and aristocracy.

Amalfi is the main town of the coast on which it is located, named Costiera Amalfitana, and is today an important tourist destination together with other towns on the same coast, such as Positano, Ravello and others. Amalfi is included in the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Contents

History

See also Duchy of Amalfi

Amalfi is first mentioned in the 6th century, and soon acquired importance as a maritime power, trading grain of its neighbors,[1] salt from Sardinia[2] and slaves from the interior, and even timber, for the gold dinars minted in Egypt and Syria, in order to buy the silks of the Byzantine empire that it resold in the West. Grain-bearing Amalfi traders enjoyed privileged positions in the Islamic ports, Fernand Braudel notes. The Amalfi tables (Tavole Amalfitane) provided a maritime code that was widely used by the Christian port cities. Merchants of Amalfi were using gold coins to purchase land in the 9th century, while most of Italy worked in a barter economy. In the 8th and 9th century, when Mediterranean trade revived it shared with Gaeta the Italian trade with the East, while Venice was in its infancy, and in 848 its fleet went to the assistance of Pope Leo IV against the Saracens.

The Amalfi coast.

An independent republic from the seventh century until 1075, it rivalled Pisa and Genoa in its domestic prosperity and maritime importance, before the rise of Venice. In spite of some devastating setbacks it had a population of some 70,000, reaching an apogee about the turn of the millennium, during the reign of Duke Manso (966–1004). Under his line of dukes, Amalfi remained independent, except for a brief period of Salernitan dependency under Guaimar IV.

In 1073 it fell to the Norman countship of Apulia, but was granted many rights. A prey to the Normans who encamped in the south of Italy, it became one of their principal posts. However, in 1131, it was reduced by King Roger II of Sicily, who had been refused the keys to its citadel. The Holy Roman Emperor Lothair, fighting in favour of Pope Innocent II against Roger, who sided with the Antipope Anacletus, took him prisoner in 1133, assisted by forty-six Pisan ships. The city was sacked by the Pisans, commercial rivals of the Amalfitani; Lothair claimed as part of the booty a copy of the Pandects of Justinian which was found there.

In 1135 and 1137, it was taken by the Pisans and rapidly declined in importance, though its maritime code, known as the Tavole Amalfitane, was recognized in the Mediterranean until 1570. A tsunami in 1343 destroyed the port and lower town,[3] and Amalfi never recovered more than local importance.

In medieval culture Amalfi was famous for its flourishing schools of law and mathematics. Flavio Gioia, who is traditionally considered the first to introduce the mariner's compass to Europe, is said to be a native of Amalfi.

View of Amalfi.
Duomo di Amalfi and the piazza.

Main sights

Amalfi occupied a high position in medieval architecture; its cathedral of Sant'Andrea (St. Andrew, 11th century), the campanile, the convent of the Cappuccini, founded by the Amalfitan Cardinal Pietro Capuano, richly represent the artistic movement prevailing in Southern Italy at the time of the Normans, with its tendency to blend the Byzantine style with the forms and sharp lines of the northern architecture.

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Cathedral

At the top of a staircase, Saint Andrew's Cathedral (Duomo) overlooks the Piazza Duomo, the heart of Amalfi. The cathedral dates back to the 11th century; its interior is adorned in the late Baroque style with a nave and two aisles divided by 20 columns.

The gold caisson ceiling has four large paintings by Andrea d'Aste. They depict the flagellation of Saint Andrew, the miracle of Manna, the crucifixion of Saint Andrew and the Saint on the cross. From the left hand nave there is a flight of stairs which leads to the crypt. These stairs were built in 1203 for Cardinal Pietro Capuano, who, on 18 May 1208, brought Saint Andrew's remains to the cathedral from Constantinople.

The bronze statue of Saint Andrew in the cathedral was sculpted by Michelangelo Naccherino, a pupil of Michelangelo; also present are Pietro Bernini marble sculptures of St. Stephen and St. Lawrence.

In 1206 Saint Andrew's relics were brought to Amalfi from Constantinople by the Pietro Capuano following the Sack of Constantinople (an event of the 4th Crusade) after the completion of the town's cathedral.[4] The cathedral contains a tomb in its crypt that it maintains still holds a portion of the relics of the apostle. A golden reliquary which originally housed his skull and another one used for processions through Amalfi on holy days can also be seen.

Chiostro del Paradiso

The Chiostro del Paradiso was built by Filippo Augustariccio between 1266 and 1268 and was used as a burial ground for noble families of Amalfi. The white columns and pointed arches reflect the clear influence that the Arab world had on Amalfi, similar to those found in the courts of the palaces of the Middle East.[5] It is a true open-air museum, with Roman and medieval pillars, sarcophagi depicting the wedding of Peleus and Thetis, the other the rape of Proserpina, a fourteenth-century sarcophagus and fragments of the facade of the Duomo.

Gli Arsenali della Repubblica

Museo della Carta

View of Piazza del Duomo.

Culture

The Amalfi coast is famed for its production of Limoncello liqueur and the area is a known cultivator of lemons. The correct name is “sfusato amalfitano”, and they are typically long and at least double the size of other lemons, with a thick and wrinkled skin and a sweet and juicy flesh without many pips. It is common to see lemons growing in the terraced gardens along the entire Amalfi coast between February and October. Amalfi is also a known maker of a hand-made thick paper which is called “bambagina”. It is exported to many European countries and to America and has been used throughout Italy for wedding invitations, visiting cards and elegant writing paper. The paper has a high quality and has been used by artists such as Giuseppe Leone, who described it: “There is a whole world that the Amalfi paper evokes and an artist who is sensitive to the suggestion of these places is aware that it is unique and exciting”.

Three traditional events draw numerous visitors to Amalfi. First are the feast days of Saint Andrew (25-27 of June, and 30 November), celebrating the city's patron saint. Then there is "Byzantine New Year's Eve" (31 August) celebrating the beginning of the New Year according to the old civil calendar of the Byzantine Empire[6] The third event is the Ancient Regata (first Sunday in June), a traditional rowing competition among the four main Italian historical maritime republics: Amalfi, Genoa, Pisa and Venice. This event is hosted at every year by a different city, so it comes to Amalfi once every four years.

See also

References

  1. ^ Historians' usual association of Amalfi's early maritime trade arising from its position, pressed between the harbor and an infertile and mountainous circumscribed hinterland, forcing it into trading on the sea, is downplayed by M. del Treppo and A. Leone, Amalfi medioevale, 1977.
  2. ^ Robert-Henri Bautier, "La marine d'Amalfi dans le traffic du méditerranéen du XIV siècle, à props du transport du sel de Sardaigne", Bulletin philologique et historique du Comité des Travaux historiques et scientifiques, noted in Fernand Braudel, The Perspective of the World, vol. III of Civilization and Capitalism (1984), sketching the economic history of Amalfi, pp 106-08.
  3. ^ Braudel p. 107
  4. ^ Buonaiuti, Ernesto (1907), "Amalfi", The Catholic Encyclopedia, I, New York: Robert Appleton Company, http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01379a.htm, retrieved 2008-03-14  
  5. ^ "Il Chiostro del Paradiso". ITC. http://www.itcamendola.it/sitoalunni/costiera_amalfitana/amalfi2.html. Retrieved October 27, 2009.  
  6. ^ The Eastern Orthodox Church continues to celebrate the beginning of the liturgical year on September 1, a date chosen because of its proximity to the Jewish New Year.

This article incorporates text from the public-domain Catholic Encyclopedia of 1913.

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Amalfi is in Campania, Italy

Amalfi
Amalfi

Get in

Amalfi is the heart of this magnificent Italian coastline and a must-see town on your Amalfi Coast adventure.

By bus

The SITA local bus network travels all over the Amalfi Coast. To and from Sorrento via Positano and Praiano and onwards to Furore Fjord, Conca and its Emerald Grotto. Buses also travel to and from Salerno from Amalfi via Minori, Minori, Cetara and Vietri. Local buses also link Amalfi to Ravello and the upper reaches of Furore, Pogerola, Agerola and Napoli.

Positano is approx. 40 minutes from Amalfi (depending on traffic). The trip to Amalfi from Sorrento is approx. 1 hour and 15 minutes (depending on traffic) otherwise this can blow out to two hours. July and August are prime months for people-moving so the buses can become very crowded so make sure you are at the front of the pushy crowd when the bus pulls up otherwise it is a long wait for the next one...

It is a comfortable way to travel along the Amalfi Coast and Sorrentine Peninsula on the bus, however if you are prone to motion sickness the hairpins on these roads will certainly induce symptoms very quickly! SITA [1] offers a very efficient public transportation service in the area, with expert drivers who breeze along the winding roads like they were driving on a highway (you will be happy to know that they are experienced). Here is something that you might need to know to know before you board your bus.

1. You have to buy your tickets in advance, before you get on the bus. Tickets can be bought at caffe bars, some have a black and white sign 'Tabacci' hanging out the front while some stores selling lotto tickets also sell bus tickets so look out for these too. Shops also which display the SITA logo as well as at the SITA ticket office at the Salerno train stations. If a bar does not sell SITA tickets, you can always ask where you can find them as they are generally helpful.

2. As you get on the bus you have to clip your ticket in the yellow/orange machine that you will see in front of you as you climb the steps. If you are not able to get the machine to clip your ticket, ask the driver to do it for you. Do not forget to clip the ticket: during your trip an agent will board the bus and ask to check the ticket. If the ticket is not clipped you will have to pay a fine

By boat

The ferry season opens from Easter weekend and runs until mid to late October with connections from Amalfi to Positano, Salerno, Capri, Naples and Sorrento. Headquartered in Naples, the Metro del Mare is an extension of urban public transport -- by sea. Operating since 2002, it connects the northern ports of Bacoli and Pozzuoli to Naples and from there goes to Sorrento, Positano, and Amalfi. The service runs from Easter through to October, with several boats a day between Naples and Positano. Check the local papers (Il Mattino or La Repubblica) for timetables or with Metro del Mare [2].

Headquartered in Amalfi, ferries are operated by Coop Sant'Andrea (a consorzio which includes Travelmar, Alicost and Linee Marittime Partenopee). Coop Sant'Andrea run the ferry service from Salerno to Amalfi, Amalfi to Salerno, Amalfi to Positano, Positano to Amalfi, Positano to Salerno, Salerno to Positano and connections in summer between Amalfi-Minori-Maiori. Schedule 2009 online [3]

  • Tickets can be purchased at the ticket booth located on the main pier in Amalfi called Molo Pennello or at Divina Costiera, an information point in Amalfi opposite the SITA bus terminal.

There are also private boat charters offered at the ticket kiosks on the Molo Pennello pier.

Boat and Ferry Information: Travelmar 089/871483. Alicost (PHONE: 089/871483). Alilauro (PHONE: 081/8073024). Alilauro-Gruson (PHONE: 081/8071430). Caremar (PHONE: 081/8073077). Linee Maritime Salernitane (PHONE: 089/873301 in Amalfi; 089/811164 in Postiano; 081/8073024 in Sorrento). Positano ferry and hydrofoil ticket office (Via del Brigantino, Italy. PHONE: 089/811986). Travelmar (PHONE: 089/872950).

By train

The two main train stations serving the Amalfi Coast are Salerno which has direct Eurostar and itner-regional trains [4] connections to Naples and Rome and the local Circumvesuviana over in Sorrento which is the main train line which connects Sorrento to Naples and importantly, Sorrento to Pompeii ruins. Conveniently, both stations are also hubs for cheap, efficient bus and ferry services radiating toward the major tourist destinations along the Amalfi Coast and inland.

By car

It is simple to hire a car for your stay - but driving in southern Italy is not for the faint-hearted! The Amalfi Coast roads are very narrow and cliff-hanging, and will either provide a challenging drive. But there are many spots to stop along the coastal roads and small towns that are only easily accessible if you have your own car.

For those who are truly adventurous, scooters can be a practical form of transport, however precision driving is key.

The ferry and bus services on the Amalfi Coast offer excellent connections between towns and the price of parking could also put you off hiring a car.

Understand

Amalfi is one of the bigger towns on the Amalfi coast. It has squares connected by pedestrian streets full of restaurants, souvenir shops and tourists.

  • The Cathedral was built in the 13th century. You can see its magnificent bell tower from the harbour.
  • The Cloister of Paradise Next to the cathedral, was also built in the 13th century. It is home to old mosaics and paintings, and 120 columns built in the Arabic style.
  • Paper Mill Museum, [5].
Main Square
Main Square
  • The beach can be crowded in summer, particularly in August when Italians are on holiday and let their kids loose for the month on the strip of pebbled beach.
  • Evening walk along the marina to where the mega-yachts dock in summer time.
  • The Amalfi Coast to Capri Boat Excursion [6] is a full-day sightseeing tour taking in all the Amalfi Coast villages, including Ravello, Positano, Atrani, Praiano, Maiori and Minori. You visit the grottos in Capri and Amalfi, you can go swimming directly from the boat, the tour circumnavigates Capri island and you have the opportunity to disembark in Capri for three hours of your own time before you cruise back at about 6pm. Departures from Amalfi, Maiori and Minori.
  • A half-day Amalfi to Positano Cruise [7] is also offered by Amalfi Boat Excursion and is perfect for travellers with limited time.
  • Charter La Dolce Vita [8] offer private luxury daily, weekly or overnight motor-yacht charter tours, phone: +393294603771
  • Red coral jewelry
  • Cameo brooches
  • Limoncello
  • Fresh herb mixes for making spicy Southern Italian-style pastas
  • Marina Grande [9] located on the main beach front of Amalfi (the stradone), it offers a restaurant, bar and private beach specialising in seafood cuisine as well as the many traditional pasta dishes Italy and indeed the Amalfi coast is renowned for.
  • Risto on the old square have good local food and wine.
  • Donna Stella for homestyle pizza, set under lemon groves this small family trattoria is a great place to escape the heat of the day.
  • Stella Maris is also located on the main beach front of Amalfi and offers very fresh and light lunches of local foods at good prices.

Drink

There are several hot spots for good cappuccino and sweet treats in Amalfi. Pasticceria Pansa has overpriced coffee but excellent traditional Amalfitani cakes and a shaded morning position in the Piazza Duomo. Directly opposite Pansa is Bar Francese and this is where prime aperitivo hour occurs in Amalfi for those holidaymakers and touring Italians who want to be seen. Nearby is Bar Savoia for very good cakes to take away while up the main concourse from the piazza check out Pasticceria Leone which has excellent sweets, biscuits (all made on site) and espresso. There is a small bar next to a mini-mart in Piazza dei Dodgi, the little square off the Duomo, and it is very popular for locals and people watching. Grand Caffe overlooking the main beach is also nice for a drink (their light lunches are very hit and miss however) with lovely relaxing views up the coast while the Marina Grande restaurant operate a bar on the beach with funky decor and candle-light, which is a very good choice on a hot summer night. Bar Flavio Gioia opposite the main ferry pier and parking bay has the best gelato in town and offers a good pit stop before taking a bus from the nearby terminal or catching a ferry. For dancing, you will have to take yourselves to Praiano to the famous Africana nightclub or onto Positano to an equally popular disco hub, Music on the Rocks or up to Positano's chic Next2 bar.

  • Eva Rooms Amalfi – Via Gabriele di Benedetto, 3, postcode 84011. [10]. Telephone +39 089 872 875 • Fax +39 338 165 9882. Little guest house with two bedrooms, each of them with a beautiful view to the Amalfi Coast and the little town of Atrani. Due the limited number of rooms and the affordable rates, this bed and breakfast it’s ideal for young couples willing to explore the Amalfi Coast without spending a fortune.
  • Fontana Hotel Amalfi – Piazza Duomo. Cap: 84011, Telephone +39 089 871530 (Fax +39 0898304562), [11]. Located in the central of Amalfi, this three star hotel is a starting point to visit this town and explore the Amalfi Coast. The Fontana Hotel offers 21 rooms and great prices.
  • Grand Hotel Excelsior Amalfi – Via Papa Leone X, Pogerola. Cap: 84011, Telephone +39 089 830 015 (Fax +39 089 830 085), [12]. Four star hotel with 106 rooms in Pogerola, a tiny cliffside village located ten minutes outside Amalfi.
  • Hotel Dei Cavalieri Amalfi – Via Mauro Comite, 32 - Cap: 84011, Telephone +39 089 831 333 • Fax +39 089 831 354[13]. Three star hotel located above the coast, fifteen minutes away from the centre of Amalfi and offering a fantastic view on the Mediterranean Sea. Sixty rooms of different size for hosting any kind of clientele.
  • Hotel La Bussola, [14]. This hotel faces the Amalfi marina for sea views and offers easy access with only a few steps off street level when compared to other hotels which boast up to 80 stairs to climb before spotting their welcome mat. Possibly request a room with a sea view, this will minimise traffic noise from the main road directly behind the hotel. The hotel has wifi access and is a couple of minutes walk from the main Piazza Duomo square.
  • Hotel Antica Repubblica Amalfi, [15]. This hotel is situated in one of the old buildings a couple of minutes from Piazza Duomo and it hs lift access. It is tucked away just off one of the main streets and the pealing of the Duomo bells, views of Amalfi terraces and its cleanliness are key features.
  • Hotel Amalfi, [16]. This hotel is tucked away from the old square and would seem to be away from any street noise, there are steps leading up to the entrance of the hotel. Not all rooms are air conditioned.
  • Hotel Centrale Amalfi, Largo Duchi Piccolomini 1, Piazza Duomo. Cap: 84011, Telephone +39 089 872608 (Fax +39 089 871243), [17]. Three star hotel hosted in an old building of the XIV century placed at the central square of Piazza Duomo, with an extraordinary view of the same cathedral and 17 guestrooms.
  • Hotel Residence Amalfi, Via delle Repubbliche Marinare, 9. Cap: 84011, Telephone +39 089 871 183 (Fax +39 089 872 229), [18]. Three star hotel very close to the port, the public transportation, the central square of the Duomo and the beach, offering 27 rooms for your vacation on the Amalfi Coast.
  • Hotel Miramalfi, [19]. This sea-side on a clifftop hotel is situated on the main Amalfi coastal road and is a downhill 10 minute walk into Amalfi's Piazza Duomo square. However, it is quite a steep walk back. There is a SITA bus stop nearby this hotel.
  • Marina Riviera, [20]. This hotel is approx a 5 minute walk from the old square, with beautiful sea and marina views.
  • Hotel Luna Convento, [21]. Situated at the top of the main coastal road out of Amalfi and in the direction of Atrani this hotel set in an old convent overlooks the Amalfitan coast. There are elevators going up to the main reception and it's approx a 8 minute walk from Amalfi's Piazza Duomo square. The pool deck is situated across the road and set into the side of the rockface for stunning views, seaside swims and private relaxing.
  • Villa Epicuro Garden, [22]. Luxury Villa on the Amalfi Coast for your great holidays; set in one of most attractive corners of the Amalfi Coast (only 3 Km from the centre of Amalfi) provides its guests with quiet and welcoming surroundings, luxury and exclusivity.
  • The Emerald Grotto or La Grotta dello Smeraldo is 2 km from Amalfi town on the main coastal road heaidng in the direction of Positano. It is situated in the town of Conca dei Marini. There are daily boat excursions of one-hour which leave Amalfi taking guests to the Emerald Grotto. Visit the grotto and sightsee part of the striking Amalfi Coast. Ferry cruises leave daily from 9am, on the hour with the last boat at 3.30pm as the grotto closes at 4pm.

You can also arrive at the grotto by the local SITA bus network which stops above the cliff where the grotto is housed in Conca. You then descend down to the grotto by lift. Take the Positano or Sorrento SITA bus from Amalfi and get off at Conca, about 20 minutes into the journey.

  • Ravello, The City of Music, is thirty minutes away by public bus and offers beautiful views of the coast. Villa Cimbrone is a superb afternoon of wandering around its gardens and sculptures.
  • Positano is a short and scenic 25 minute ferry trip away from Amalfi. Anad the best way to full appreciate this beautiful town is to arrive by sea.
  • Atrani is a neighbouring and pretty town and only ten minutes from Amalfi by foot.
  • Furore is about 25 minutes from Amalfi by SITA bus or car via the main Amalfi to Positano coastal road. This town hosts the famous Fjord of Furore, a secret cove with fisherman's houses.
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

Source material

Up to date as of January 22, 2010

From Wikisource

Amalfi
by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
From Birds of Passage.

Sweet the memory is to me
Of a land beyond the sea,
Where the waves and mountains meet,
Where, amid her mulberry-trees
Sits Amalfi in the heat,
Bathing ever her white feet
In the tideless summer seas.

In the middle of the town,
From its fountains in the hills,
Tumbling through the narrow gorge,
The Canneto rushes down,
Turns the great wheels of the mills,
Lifts the hammers of the forge.

'T is a stairway, not a street,
That ascends the deep ravine,
Where the torrent leaps between
Rocky walls that almost meet.
Toiling up from stair to stair
Peasant girls their burdens bear;
Sunburnt daughters of the soil,
Stately figures tall and straight,
What inexorable fate
Dooms them to this life of toil?

Lord of vineyards and of lands,
Far above the convent stands.
On its terraced walk aloof
Leans a monk with folded hands,
Placid, satisfied, serene,
Looking down upon the scene
Over wall and red-tiled roof;
Wondering unto what good end
All this toil and traffic tend,
And why all men cannot be
Free from care and free from pain,
And the sordid love of gain,
And as indolent as he.

Where are now the freighted barks
From the marts of east and west?
Where the knights in iron sarks
Journeying to the Holy Land,
Glove of steel upon the hand,
Cross of crimson on the breast?
Where the pomp of camp and court?
Where the pilgrims with their prayers?
Where the merchants with their wares,
And their gallant brigantines
Sailing safely into port
Chased by corsair Algerines?

Vanished like a fleet of cloud,
Like a passing trumpet-blast,
Are those splendors of the past,
And the commerce and the crowd!
Fathoms deep beneath the seas
Lie the ancient wharves and quays,
Swallowed by the engulfing waves;
Silent streets and vacant halls,
Ruined roofs and towers and walls;
Hidden from all mortal eyes
Deep the sunken city lies:
Even cities have their graves!

This is an enchanted land!
Round the headlands far away
Sweeps the blue Salernian bay
With its sickle of white sand:
Further still and furthermost
On the dim discovered coast
Paestum with its ruins lies,
And its roses all in bloom
Seem to tinge the fatal skies
Of that lonely land of doom.

On his terrace, high in air,
Nothing doth the good monk care
For such worldly themes as these,
From the garden just below
Little puffs of perfume blow,
And a sound is in his ears
Of the murmur of the bees
In the shining chestnut-trees;
Nothing else he heeds or hears.
All the landscape seems to swoon
In the happy afternoon;
Slowly o'er his senses creep
The encroaching waves of sleep,
And he sinks as sank the town,
Unresisting, fathoms down,
Into caverns cool and deep!

Walled about with drifts of snow,
Hearing the fierce north-wind blow,
Seeing all the landscape white,
And the river cased in ice,
Comes this memory of delight,
Comes this vision unto me
Of a long-lost Paradise
In the land beyond the sea.

PD-icon.svg This work published before January 1, 1923 is in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago.

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

AMALFI, a town and archiepiscopal see of Campania, Italy, in the province of Salerno, from the town of which name it is distant 12 m. W.S.W. by road, on the N. coast of the Gulf of Salerno. Pop. (1901) 6681. It lies at the mouth of a deep ravine, in a sheltered situation, at the foot of Monte Cerreto (4314 ft.), in the centre of splendid coast scenery, and is in consequence much visited by foreigners. The cathedral of S. Andrea is a structure in the Lombard-Norman style, of the 11th century; the fa�e in black and white stone was well restored in 1891; the bronze doors were executed at Constantinople before 1066. The campanile dates from 1276. The interior is also fine, and contains ancient columns and sarcophagi. The conspicuous Capuchin monastery on the W. with fine cloisters (partly destroyed by a landslip in 1899) is now used as an hotel. Amalfi is first mentioned in the 6th century,and soon acquired importance as a naval power; in the 9th century it shared with Venice and Gaeta the Italian trade with the East, and in 848 its fleet went to the assistance of Pope Leo IV. against the Saracens.

It was then an independent republic with a population of some 70,000, but in 1131 it was reduced by King Roger of Sicily. In 1135 and 1137 it was taken by the Pisans, and rapidly declined in importance, though its maritime code, known as the Tavole Amalfitane, was recognized in the Mediterranean until 1570. In 1 343 a large part of the town was destroyed by an inundation, and its harbour is now of little importance. Its industries too, have largely disappeared, and the paper manufacture has lost ground since 186r.


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Italian

Proper noun

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Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Amalfi

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Amalfi

  1. A picturesque town on the Gulf of Sorrento in Campania

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