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Amateur radio call signs of Africa: Wikis


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Amateur radio or ham radio is practised by operators holding nationally allocated call signs in African countries or foreign administered territories and other nations or DXCC entities. Callsign allocation from the International Telegraph Union is administered by national political authorities and international mandates, the story of African callsigns reflects colonialism and the independence movements within the 20th Century.


Call sign blocks for telecommunication

The International Telecommunication Union assignes Africa as ITU region #1. It has assigned call signs prefix blocks to countries including 77 DXCC entities in and off-shore of Africa. Western Sahara is not a DXCC entity but uses SØ as a prefix.

The following call sign blocks are used for all radio communication, broadcasting or transmission:[1]


CQ Zone 33 / northwest Africa, European territories

Call sign block DXCC Entity Apprx. # callsigns[2]
3V, TS Tunisia 53
7R, 7T - 7Y Algeria 94
CN, 5C - 5G Morocco 453
CQ3, CQ9, CR3, CR9, CS3, CS9, CT3, CT9 Madeira Is. (Portugal) 408
AM8, AN8, AO8, EA8 - EH8 Canary Is. (Spain) 3,693
AM9, AN9, AO9, EA9, EB9. EC9, ED9. EE9, EF9, EG9, EH9 Ceuta (Spain) 771
AM9, AN9, AO9, EC9, ED9 Melilla (Spain) incl. in Ceuta
IG9 & IH9 Pelagie, Pantelleria (Italy) ??
Western Sahara 32

In Morocco CN8 is for residents, CNØ is for visitors. SØ for Western Sahara is an unofficial prefix, not issued by the ITU.

CQ Zone 34 / northeast Africa

Call sign block DXCC Entity Apprx. # callsigns
5A Libya 22
ST, 6TA - 6UZ Sudan 46
SSA - SUZ, 6AA - 6BZ Egypt 113

Sudan further subdivides its call signs thusly: ST2 Khartoum and its region, ST3 Wad Madani, central region, ST4 Al Ubayyid, Kurdufan region, ST5 Kassala, eastern region, ST6 Port Sudan, northeast region, ST7 Ad'Damir, northwest region, ST8 Al'Fashir, Darfour region, and ST9 Malakal, central-south region; Wau, Bahr-al-Ghazal region.

CQ Zone 35 / west coast (northern) central Africa

Call sign block DXCC Entity Apprx. # callsigns
3X Guinea 46
5N - 5O Nigeria 152
5T Mauritania 69
5U Niger 38
5V Togo 49
6V - 6W Senegal 137
9G Ghana 121
9L Sierra Leone 62
C5 The Gambia 86
D4 Cape Verde 26
EL, 5L - 5M, 6Z, A8, D5 Liberia 127
J5 Guinea-Bissau 45
TU Côte d'Ivoire 108
TY Benin 46
TZ Mali 52
XT Burkina Faso 59


Senegal further subdivides its prefixes thusly: 6W1 Dakar, 6W2 Ziguinchor, 6W3 Diourbei, 6W4 St. Louis 6W5 Tambacounda, 6W6 Kaolack, 6W7 Thies, 6W8 Louga, 6W9 Fatick and 6WØ Kolda.

Liberia further subdivides its prefixes thusly: EL1 Grand Bassa, River Cess, EL2 Montserrado, Bomi, Margibi, EL3 Sinoe, EL4 Maryland, Grand Kru, EL5 Lofa, EL6 Grand Gedeh, EL7 Bong, EL8 Nimba, EL9 Grand Cape Mount,and ELØ for Novices and Club Stations

CQ Zone 36 / west coast (southern) central Africa

Call sign block DXCC Entity Apprx. # callsigns
3C Equatorial Guinea 29
3CØ Annobon Is. (Equatorial Guinea) 9
9I - 9J Zambia 89
9O - 9T Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaire) 62
9U Burundi 18
9X Rwanda 32
D2 - D3 Angola 42
S9 Sao Tome & Principe 50
TJ Cameroon 39
TL Central Africa Republic 45
TN Republic of Congo 27
TR Gabon 90
TT Chad 62
ZD7 St. Helena (UK) 49
ZD8 Ascension Is. (UK) 52

Democractic Republic of Congo (Zaire) further subdivides its call signs thusly: 9Q1-Kinshasa, 9Q2-Bas Congo, 9Q3-Bandundu, 9Q4-Equateur, 9Q5-Province orientale, 9Q6-North Kivu-South Kivu-Maniema, 9Q7-Katanga, 9Q8-Oriental Kasai, 9Q9-Occidental Kasai, and 9QØ-Reserved

CQ Zone 37 / east coast mainland Africa

Call sign block DXCC Entity Apprx. # callsigns
5H - 5I Tanzania 199
5X Uganda 56
5Y - 5Z Kenya 145
7O Socotra (Yemen) ??
7Q Malawi 95
C8 - C9 Mozambique 98
E3 Eritrea 15
ET, 9E - 9F Ethiopia 39
J2 Djibouti 82
T5, 6OA - 6OZ Somalia 39

For Eritrea only contacts made November 14, 1962, and before, or May 24, 1991, and after, count for this entity.

Tanzania further subdivides its prefix thusly: 5H1-Zanzibar and Pemba Islands, 5H2-Arysha,Kilimanjaro,Tanga, 5H3-Pwani,Dar Es Salaam(including Mafia Island), 5H4-Morogoro, 5H5-Lindi,Mtwara,Ruvuma, 5H6-Iringa, 5H7-Mbeya, 5H8-Kigoma,Rukwa, Tabora, 5H9-Ziwa Magharibi,Mwanza,Mara,Shinyanga(including Ukerewe Islands), and 5HØ-Dodoma,Singida.

Somalia further subdivides its call signs according to the province of issue: 6OØ indicates the license was issued in Puntland, Northern Somalia, and; 6O1 is issued in Southern Somalia.[3]

CQ Zone 38 / southern Africa

Call sign block DXCC Entity Apprx. # callsigns
3DA Swaziland 101
3Y Bouvet (Norway) 12
7P Lesotho 98
A2, 8O Botswana 100
V5A - V5Z, V51, V52 Namibia 170
Z2 Zimbabwe 121
ZD9 Tristan da Cunha & Gough Is. (UK) 15
ZR - ZU, S8 South Africa 9,696
ZS8 Prince Edward & Marion Is. (South Africa) 7

South Africa

South Africa further divides its call signs thusly:

  • ZS1 Cape Province
  • ZS2 Eastern Cape Province
  • ZS3 Northern Cape Province
  • ZS4 Freestate Province
  • ZS5 Kwazulu-Natal Province
  • ZS6 Gauteng/Mpumalanga
  • ZS7 Antarctica
  • ZS8 Marion Is
    • S8 Transkei No longer valid
    • ZU Licence is not very common and is a CW only low power license
    • ZT Not Used
    • ZSLnnn callsign is allocated to 'Shortwave Listeners'.[4]

CQ Zone 39 / Africa off-shore, Indian Ocean

Call sign block DXCC Entity Apprx. # callsigns
3B6,7 Agalega & St. Brandon Is. (Mauritius) 14
3B8 Mauritius 123
3B9 Rodrigues Is. (Mauritius) 15
5R - 5S, 6X Madagascar 93
D6 Comoros 25
FH Mayotte (France) 51
FR/G Glorioso Is. (France) ??
FR/J,E Juan de Nova, Europa (France) ??
FR Reunion Is. (France) 237
FR/T Tromelin Is. (France) ??
FT5W Crozet Is. (France) ??
FT5X Kerguelen Is. (France) ??
FT5Z Amsterdam & St. Paul Is. (France) ??
S7 Seychelles 86
VKØ Heard Is. (Australia) 35
VQ9 Chagos Is. (UK) 80

History of call sign allocation

The callsign allocation history of mainland Africa and off-shore islands is complex and related to the colonial status of European powers in the pre-20th century period. Call signs changed in relation to various independence movements, particularly following World War 2 and in the 1960s.

International Radiotelegraph Conferences

The conference held in 1927 assigned call prefixes to Morocco (CNA-CNZ), Egypt (SUA-SUZ), Republic of Liberia (ELA-ELZ), Ethiopia (ETA-ETZ), and the Union of South Africa (ZSA-ZUZ). These, however, did not necessarily include amateur radio operation.[5] African areas administered politically by colonizing countries (i.e. Great Britain, Portugal, France, etc.) adopted call signs issued to those countries for colonial purposes.

The 1947 Atlantic City ITU Conference reallocated call sign blocks to African countries and European colonies according to this table.[6]

1947 Call sign block 1947 Country or Colonial power
CNA - CNZ Morocco
CQA - CRZ Portuguese colonies
DNA - DQZ Belgian Congo
ELA - ELZ Republic of Liberia
ETA - ETZ Ethiopia
FAA - FZZ France and its colonies
HWA - HYZ France and its colonies
IAA - IZZ Italy and its colonies
SSA - SUZ Egypt
THA - THZ France and its colonies
VPA - VSZ British Colonies
XXA - XXZ Portuguese colonies
ZBA - ZJZ British Colonies
ZQA - ZQZ British Colonies
ZRA - ZUZ Union of South Africa
3VA - 3VZ France and its colonies

See also


External links


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