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Amberg
Amberg Altstadt.jpg
Coat of arms of Amberg
Amberg is located in Germany
Amberg
Coordinates 49°26′40″N 11°50′54″E / 49.44444°N 11.84833°E / 49.44444; 11.84833
Administration
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Oberpfalz
District Urban district
Lord Mayor Wolfgang Dandorfer (CSU)
Basic statistics
Area 50.04 km2 (19.32 sq mi)
Elevation 374 m  (1227 ft)
Population 44,456  (30 September 2006)
 - Density 888 /km2 (2,301 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate AM
Postal code 92224
Area code 09621
Website www.amberg.de

Amberg is a town in Bavaria, Germany. It is located in the Upper Palatinate (German: Oberpfalz), roughly halfway between Regensburg and Bayreuth. Population: 44,756 (2008).

Contents

History

The town was first mentioned in 1034, at that time under the name Ammenberg. It became an important trading centre in the Middle Ages, exporting mainly iron ore and iron products. In 1269, together with Bamberg, the town became subordinate to the Wittelsbach dynasty that ruled Bavaria.

In 1329 the town and the entire Upper Palatinate fell to a branch line of the Wittelsbach family and was no longer part of the duchy of Bavaria. Although in geographic terms it was regarded as Bavarian and the region was part of the Bavarian circle in the organization of the Imperial Circles. The rulers of Upper Palatinate were open-minded towards Protestantism. In the 16th century the town turned to Lutheranism, but attempts of the ruling family to introduce the more radical Calvinism failed due to the reluctance of its citizens.

In 1628 Amberg and Upper Palatinate became part of the electorate of Bavaria. The inhabitants were given the choice: return to Catholicism or leave the town forever. Many families left the town and fled to the Free Imperial Cities of Regensburg and Nuremberg.

On 24 August 1796, during the French Revolutionary Wars, the city and its environs were the locale of a major battle at which 35,000 French, under the command of Jean Baptiste Jourdan fought with 40,000 under the command of Archduke Charles; the French suffered significantly more losses in this Austrian victory. Amberg was the regional capital of Upper Palatinate (Oberpfalz) until 1810 when power was transferred to the larger city of Regensburg.

After the Second World War, when Bavaria fell into the American Sector, Amberg was home to Pond Barracks, a United States Army base. The base was closed in 1992 and the facility turned over to the local community for housing, most of it for social housing.

Sights

Stadtbrille

A defining feature of the town is the Stadtbrille (literally "town spectacles") – a bridge, originally a part of the town fortifications, whose arches reflected on the river waters resemble a pair of glasses.

Other tourist attractions in Amberg include:

  • Market Square (Germ. Marktplatz), which contains the Gothic town hall (built in 1358) and the late-Gothic Parish Church of St. Martin
  • The New Palace (Germ. Neues Schloß), the former residence of the counts of the Rhennish Palatinate, built at the beginning of the 15th century and renovated in 1603
The Gothic town hall
  • A well preserved section of the medieval walls and gates
  • The baroque Franciscan monastery on the Hill of Our Lady Help of Christians (Germ. Mariahilfberg) above the town. This hill was given its name during the bubonic plague in the Thirty Years' War in 1633/4 when the locals beseeched the Virgin Mary to rid them of the plague.
  • The 'Little Wedding House' (Germ. Eh’häusl), claimed by town authorities to be the world's smallest hotel. Built in 1728, the 2 meter wide hotel was 'sold' to young couples for one night to circumvent laws prohibiting marriages between poor people.[1]

International relations

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Twin towns — sister cities

Amberg is twinned with:

External links

References


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

AMBERG, a town of Germany, in the kingdom of Bavaria, formerly the capital of the Upper Palatinate, situated on both sides of the Vils, 42 m. E. of Nuremberg by rail. Pop. 22,089. It has a town hall with handsome rooms, a library, a gymnasium, a lyceum, elementary schools, an arsenal, and eleven churches, the finest of which is St Martin's, of the 15th century, with many excellent paintings and a tower 300 ft. high. A former Jesuit monastery is now used for a grammar school and seminary. There are also a pilgrimage church on a hill 1621 ft. high, a large convict prison for men, an industrial, commercial and other schools. The principal manufactures are firearms, ironmongery, earthenware, woollen cloth, beer, stoneware, zinc goods, colours and salt; in the neighbourhood are iron and coal mines. The French under Jourdan were defeated by the Austrians under the Archduke Charles near Amberg in 1796.


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

German

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Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

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German Wikipedia has an article on:
Amberg

Wikipedia de

Proper noun

Amberg

  1. Amberg (independent city in Bavaria, Germany)

Simple English

Amberg

Amberg
Coordinates 49°26′40″N 11°50′54″E / 49.44444°N 11.84833°E / 49.44444; 11.84833
Administration
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Oberpfalz
District Urban district
Lord Mayor Wolfgang Dandorfer (CSU)
Basic statistics
Area 50.04 km2 (19.32 sq mi)
Elevation 374 m  (1227 ft)
Population 44,456  (30 September 2006)
 - Density 888 /km2 (2,301 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate AM
Postal code 92224
Area code 09621
Website www.amberg.de

Amberg is a town in Bavaria, Germany. It is in the Oberpfalz ("Upper Palatinate"), roughly half way between Regensburg and Bayreuth. Population: 44,200 (2001).

Twin towns

Amberg is twinned with these towns:

Other websites


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