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Ambler
—  City  —
Ambler is located in Alaska
Ambler
Location in Alaska
Coordinates: 67°5′6″N 157°51′37″W / 67.085°N 157.86028°W / 67.085; -157.86028Coordinates: 67°5′6″N 157°51′37″W / 67.085°N 157.86028°W / 67.085; -157.86028
Country United States
State Alaska
Borough Northwest Arctic
Area
 - Total 10.7 sq mi (27.8 km2)
 - Land 9.5 sq mi (24.5 km2)
 - Water 1.3 sq mi (3.3 km2)
Elevation 79 ft (24 m)
Population (2007)[1]
 - Total 321
Time zone Alaska (AKST) (UTC-9)
 - Summer (DST) AKDT (UTC-8)
Area code(s) 907
FIPS code 02-01970

Ambler is a city in Northwest Arctic Borough, Alaska, United States. At the 2000 census the population was 309. The city is located in the large Inupiaq language speaking region of Alaska, and the local dialect is known as the Ambler dialect (related to the Shugnak dialect). As of 1999, over 91% of the community speaks and understands the language (Kraus, 1999), with many young children actively learning the language in school.

Contents

Geography

Ambler is located at 67°05′06″N 157°51′37″W / 67.085000°N 157.860331°W / 67.085000; -157.860331,[2] on the north bank of the Kobuk River, near the confluence of the Ambler and the Kobuk Rivers. It lies 45 miles north of the Arctic Circle. It is 138 miles northeast of Kotzebue, 30 miles northwest of northwest of Kobuk and 30 miles downriver from Shungnak. Ambler is located in the Kotzebue Recording District.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.8 mi² (27.8 km²). 9.5 mi² (24.5 km²) of it is land and 1.3 mi² (3.3 km²) of it (11.91%) is water.

Climate

Ambler is located in the continental climate zone. Temperatures average -10 to 15 degrees Fahrenheit during winter and 40 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit during the summer. Temperature extremes have been recorded from -65 to 92 degrees Fahrenheit. Snowfall averages 80 inches and precipitation is 16 inches total per year. The Kobuk River is navigable from early July to mid-October.

History

The community was named for a tributary of the Kobuk River, which was named for Dr.James M. Ambler, who died of starvation after his ship was trapped in the Arctic ice in 1881. Ambler was permanently settled in 1958 when people from Shungnak and Kobuk moved upstream because of the variety of fish, wild game and spruce trees in the area. An archaeological site is located nearby at Onion Portage. A post office was established in 1963. The City was incorporated in 1971.

Transportation

Ambler's major means of transportation are by barge, plane, small boat and snowmachine. There are no roads linking the City to other parts of the state. A State-owned 3,000' long by 60' wide lighted gravel airstrip, with a 2,400' long by 60' wide gravel crosswind airstrip, is located one and a half miles from the City. Bering Air, Hageland Aviation, Tanana Air Service and Warbelow's Air Ventures offer passenger flight service. In addition, daily scheduled services are provided out of Kotzebue, and air taxis provide charter flights. The airstrip has recently undergone major improvements. Crowley Marine Services barges fuel and supplies to Ambler each summer. Boats are used for inter-village travel and subsistence activities. ATVs and snowmachines are commonly used in winter.

Economy

Cash employment is limited to the school, City, clinic, and local stores, and some mining occurs. Five residents hold commercial fishing permits. Subsistence is a major part of the local economy. Chum salmon and caribou are the most important food sources. Freshwater fish, moose, bear, and berries are also harvested. Birch baskets, fur pelts, and jade, quartz, bone and ivory carvings are sold in gift shops throughout the state. The community is interested in developing a lapidary facility for local artisans.[citation needed]

Demographics

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 309 people, 79 households, and 63 families residing in the city. The population density was 32.6 people per square mile (12.6/km²). There were 98 housing units at an average density of 10.4/sq mi (4.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 12.94% White, 0.32% Black or African American, 84.79% Native American, and 1.94% from two or more races.

There were 79 households out of which 54.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.6% were married couples living together, 25.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.0% were non-families. 16.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.91 and the average family size was 4.33.

In the city the population was spread out with 41.7% under the age of 18, 12.3% from 18 to 24, 22.7% from 25 to 44, 16.2% from 45 to 64, and 7.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 102.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $43,500, and the median income for a family was $43,571. Males had a median income of $30,625 versus $36,875 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,712. About 19.0% of families and 14.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.6% of those under the age of eighteen and 22.2% of those sixty five or over.

References

  1. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in Alaska". United States Census Bureau. 2008-07-10. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/tables/SUB-EST2007-04-02.csv. Retrieved 2008-07-14. 
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
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Simple English

Ambler, Alaska
—  City  —
Coordinates: 67°5′6″N 157°51′37″W / 67.085°N 157.86028°W / 67.085; -157.86028
Country United States
State Alaska
Borough Northwest Arctic
Area
 - Total 10.7 sq mi (27.8 km2)
 - Land 9.5 sq mi (24.5 km2)
 - Water 1.3 sq mi (3.3 km2)
Elevation 79 ft (24 m)
Population (2007)[1]
 - Total 321
Time zone Alaska (AKST) (UTC-9)
 - Summer (DST) AKDT (UTC-8)
Area code(s) 907
FIPS code 02-01970

Ambler is a city in Alaska. About 320 people lived in Ambler as of the year 2007.

References

  1. "Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in Alaska". United States Census Bureau. 2008-07-10. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/tables/SUB-EST2007-04-02.csv. Retrieved 2008-07-14. 


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