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For the candy, see sugar plum.
Amelanchier canadensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Amelanchier
Species: A. canadensis
Binomial name
Amelanchier canadensis
(L.) Medik.
Synonyms

A. canadensis var. subintegra Fernald

Amelanchier canadensis (Canadian serviceberry, currant-tree,[1] Juneberry, Shadblow Serviceberry, Shadblow, Shadbush, Shadbush Serviceberry, Sugarplum, Thicket Serviceberry) is a species of Amelanchier native to eastern North America in Canada from Nova Scotia west to southern Ontario, and in the United States from Maine south to Alabama. It is largely restricted to wet sites, particularly on the Atlantic Coastal Plain, growing at altitudes from sea level up to 200 m.[2][3]

Contents

Growth

It is a deciduous shrub or small tree growing to 0.5–8 m tall with one to many stems and a narrow, fastigiate crown. The leaves are alternate, simple, ovate to ovate-oblong, 1–5.5 cm long and 1.8–2.8 cm broad with a rounded to sub-acute apex; they are downy below, and have a serrated margin and an 8–15 mm petiole. The flowers are produced in early spring in loose racemes 4–6 cm long at the ends of the branches; each raceme has four to ten flowers. The flower has five white petals 7.6–11 mm long and 2–4 mm broad, and 20 stamens. The fruit is a pome, 7–10 mm diameter, dark purple when ripe; it is edible and sweet.[3]

Medicinal uses

It is used as a medicinal plant[4], food, and ornamental plant.[5] It is sometimes made into bonsai.

External links

References

  1. ^ Amelanchier spp. Family: Rosaceae Serviceberry Center for Wood Anatomy Research, USDA Forest Service
  2. ^ Germplasm Resources Information Network: Amelanchier canadensis
  3. ^ a b University of Maine: Amelanchier canadensis
  4. ^ Plants For A Future: Amelanchier canadensis
  5. ^ Bailey, L. H. (2005). Manual of Gardening. (Second Edition) Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation. 
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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Amelanchier canadensis

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Rosales
Familia: Rosaceae
Subfamilia: Maloideae
Genus: Amelanchier
Species: Amelanchier canadensis

Name

Amelanchier canadensis (L.) Medik.

Synonyms

Amelanchier confusa

References

Data compiled from various sources by Mark W. Skinner. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.

  • Gesch. Bot. 79. 1793
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. [1]
  • Stockholmsfloran, Per Sigurd Lindberg, Nordstedt förlag 1983, ISBN 800-29-80-5033-4X

Vernacular names

English: Canadian serviceberry
Svenska: Kanadensisk häggmispel
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Amelanchier canadensis on Wikimedia Commons.

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