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American Football League (1944)
Sport American Professional Football
Founded 1942
First Season 1942
Last Season 1944
Claim to Fame competitor of Pacific Coast Professional Football Conference
No. of teams 8
Country United States
Last champions Hollywood Rangers
Merged with PCPFL 1944

The Northwest War Industries League, later renamed the American Football League, was a professional football league based on the West Coast of the United States that played for two nonconsecutive seasons during World War II.[1]

The Northwest Industries league began play in 1942, with the Seattle Bombers, Portland Rockets, and teams in Spokane, Washington and Vancouver, Washington. Information on this league has mostly been lost to time, as the records of this league are incomplete. What is known is that only Seattle played in 1943, and that plans to append to the Pacific Coast Professional Football League as a semiautonomous Northern Division fell through.

In 1944, Portland returned to play. Meanwhile, the league received a significant overhaul: the Pacific Coast Professional Football League revoked the membership of the Los Angeles Mustangs to protest owner Bill Freelove’s raiding of Jerry Corcoran’s Los Angeles Bulldogs roster. Freelove responded by reorganizing the old Northwest Industries league into a "new" league, the American Football League (with famous Hollywood lawyer Jerry Giesler as president). In 1944, an unprecedented five Los Angeles area teams were competing in either of the rival leagues.

Both leagues had undefeated champions (the PCPFL Bombers had won their third consecutive title). AFL members San Diego Gunners, Los Angeles Wildcats (no relation to the 1926 AFL team), and Oakland Hornets folded before the end of the season. All three San Francisco Clippers losses were to the Rangers.

On December 21, 1944, PCPFL league president J. Rufus Klawans announced a merger between the two leagues. Immediately afterward, the AFL champion Hollywood Rangers and PCPFL champion San Diego Bombers scheduled two games, one at each team’s home, to decide the “unified” Pacific Coast championship. Hollywood swept San Diego, winning 42-7 and 21-10, for the bragging rights.

However, what was trumpeted as a merger was in fact not much of a merger at all. Seattle and Portland declined to play in the new league. The PCPFL also demanded that the Rangers merge with the PCPFL's Hollywood Bears, something the Rangers were unwilling to do. One major point of contention between the two leagues went unaddressed: even though the leagues had agreed on a merger, they again refused entry to the Los Angeles Mustangs. In the end, of the five teams in the AFL at the end of the season, only one team ever played in the PCPFL, the San Francisco Clippers.[2]

1944 AFL Standings

Team W L T Pct. PF PA
Hollywood Rangers 11 0 0 1.000 376 83
San Francisco Clippers 7 3 0 .700 193 120
Seattle Bombers 5 5 1 .500 200 157
Portland Rockets 3 6 0 .333 165 205
Los Angeles Wildcats 2 4 2 .333 133 171
San Diego Gunners 2 4 1 .333 42 161
Los Angeles Mustangs 3 7 0 .300 105 201
Oakland Hornets 0 4 0 .000 14 128

References

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