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American Idiot
Studio album by Green Day
Released September 21, 2004
Recorded 2003–2004 at Studio 880, Oakland, and Ocean Way Recording, Hollywood, California
Genre Punk rock, alternative rock
Length 57:16
Label Reprise
Producer Rob Cavallo, Green Day
Green Day chronology
Warning
(2000)
American Idiot
(2004)
21st Century Breakdown
(2009)
Singles from American Idiot
  1. "American Idiot"
    Released: September 14, 2004
  2. "Boulevard of Broken Dreams"
    Released: November 29, 2004
  3. "Holiday"
    Released: March 28, 2005
  4. "Wake Me Up When September Ends"
    Released: June 13, 2005
  5. "Jesus of Suburbia"
    Released: October 25, 2005

American Idiot is the seventh studio album by the American punk rock band Green Day. It was co-produced with longterm collaborator Rob Cavallo and released on September 21, 2004 through Reprise Records. In mid-2003, the band began recording songs for an album titled Cigarettes and Valentines. However, the master tracks were lost and the band decided to start over rather than re-record Cigarettes and Valentines. They decided to produce a rock opera, inspired by the work of The Who and numerous musicals. It follows the life of "Jesus of Suburbia", a sort of anti-hero created by Billie Joe Armstrong. Following early recording at Oakland, California's Studio 880, the band finished the album in Los Angeles.

The album achieved popularity worldwide, charting in 26 countries and reaching number one in nineteen of them, including the United States and the United Kingdom. Since its release, American Idiot has sold over 14 million copies worldwide, including 267,000 in its opening week.[1][2] The album won numerous awards including a Grammy for Best Rock Album, and received acclaim by critics.

Contents

Background and recording

In mid-2003, Green Day convened at Studio 880 in Oakland, California, and recorded about 20 songs for an album titled Cigarettes and Valentines.[3][4] However, the master tracks went missing.[5] The band, wondering if it should re-record the songs, consulted with producer Rob Cavallo over what to do. Cavallo told the band members to ask themselves if the missing tracks represented their best work.[6] Guitarist Billie Joe Armstrong said the band members "couldn't honestly look at ourselves and say, 'That was the best thing we've ever done.' So we decided to move on and do something completely new."[3] The band members agreed to spend the next three months writing new material.[7]

The first new song Green Day wrote was "American Idiot". The band had difficulty following it up. One day, bassist Mike Dirnt was in the studio recording a 30-second song by himself. Armstrong decided he wanted to do the same, and drummer Tré Cool followed suit. Armstrong recalled, "It started getting more serious as we tried to outdo one another. We kept connecting these little half-minute bits until we had something." This musical suite became "Homecoming", and the band subsequently wrote another suite, "Jesus of Suburbia". Armstrong was so emboldened by the creation of the two suites that he decided to make the record an album-long conceptual piece. The band took inspiration from concept records by The Who, as well as musicals including West Side Story and Jesus Christ Superstar.[3] During their sessions at Studio 880, the members of Green Day spent their days writing material and would stay up late, drinking and discussing music. The band set up a pirate radio station from which it would broadcast jam sessions, along with occasional crank calls.[5]

With demos completed, Green Day relocated to Los Angeles to continue work on the album.[8] The group first recorded at Ocean Way Recording, then moved to Capitol Studios to complete the album.[3] Armstrong said, "As a songwriter, I get so deep into what I'm writing about, it's almost like I have to stir up shit to write about it." The band admitted to partying during the L.A. sessions; Armstrong had to schedule vocal recording sessions around his hangovers. Armstrong described the environment, "For the first time, we separated from our pasts, from how we were supposed to behave as Green Day. For the first time, we fully accepted the fact that we're rock stars."[5]

Music

American Idiot is a concept album that tells the story of a central character named Jesus of Suburbia. The album was a departure from Green Day's typical way of writing music. Armstrong said, "As soon as you abandon the verse-chorus-verse-chorus-bridge [song] structure ... it opens up your mind to this different way of writing, where there really are no rules." Armstrong said the band aimed to be ambitious, which he felt many contemporary rock bands were not.[3]

The band favored loud guitar sounds for the record; Armstrong said "we were like, 'Let's just go balls-out on the guitar sound--plug in the Les Pauls and Marshalls and let it rip'". The guitarist played more lead guitar on the album than he had on any previous release, which he said he previously shied away from for fear of sounding "corny". Armstrong added tracks of acoustic guitar-playing throughout the record to augment his electric guitar rhythms and Cool's drumming, creating a percussive sound.[3]

Story

The album's protagonist, Jesus of Suburbia, emerged out of Armstrong asking himself what sort of person the title of "American Idiot" referred to. Armstrong described the character as essentially an anti-hero, a powerless "everyman" desensitized by a "steady diet of soda pop and Ritalin".[3] Jesus of Suburbia hates his town and those close to him, so he leaves for the city.[9] As the album progresses the characters St. Jimmy and Whatsername are introduced. St. Jimmy is a punk rock freedom fighter. Whatsername, inspired by the Bikini Kill song "Rebel Girl", is a "Mother Revolution" figure that Armstrong described as "kind of St. Jimmy's nemesis in a lot of ways". Both characters illustrate the "rage vs. love" theme of the album, in that "you can go with the blind rebellion of self-destruction, where Saint Jimmy is. But there's a more love-driven side to that, which is following your beliefs and ethics. And that's where Jesus of Suburbia really wants to go", according to Armstrong. Near the end of the story, St. Jimmy apparently commits suicide. While the singer did not want to give away the details of the story's resolution, he said the intention is for the listener to ultimately realize that Jesus of Suburbia is really St. Jimmy, and Jimmy is "part of the main character that pretty much dies". In the album's final song, "Whatsername", Jesus of Suburbia loses his connection with Whatsername as well.[3]

Release and reception

Green Day's Billie Joe Armstrong performing at the Cardiff International Arena for the Cardiff leg of the UK American Idiot tour, 2005.

Upon American Idiot's release in September 2004, American Idiot peaked at number one on the Billboard 200 album chart. It achieved five times platinum status in the United States, eight times platinum status in Canada and six times platinum status in the United Kingdom. Five singles were released in support of the album, all of which charted on the Billboard Modern Rock Tracks chart. "Boulevard of Broken Dreams" topped both the Mainstream and the Modern Rock charts. Its music video received heavy airplay on music television.

Allmusic praised the album from both perspectives; either as "a collection of great songs", or as a whole.[10] Pitchfork Media said the "ambitious" album was successful in getting across its message, and "keeps its mood and method deliberately, tenaciously, and angrily on point".[11] Uncut wrote that although the album was heavily politically focused, "slam-dancing is still possible", in a moderate review,[12] while The New York Times praised Green Day for trumping "any pretension with melody and sheer fervor".[13]

Entertainment Weekly said that despite being based on a musical theater concept "that periodically makes no sense", Green Day "make the journey entertaining enough". It described most of the songs as forgettable, though, arguing the album focuses more on lyrics than music.[14] Robert Christgau's C+ said the album featured "emotional travails of two clueless punks" using "devices that sunk under their own weight back when The Who invented them",[15] and The Guardian called American Idiot a mess—"but a vivid, splashy, even courageous mess".[16] Rolling Stone said the album could have been, and was, a mess, but that the "individual tunes are tough and punchy enough to work on their own".[17]

In 2005, American Idiot won a Grammy for Best Rock Album and was nominated in four other categories including Album of the Year. The album helped Green Day win seven of the eight awards they were nominated for at the 2005 MTV Video Music Awards; the "Boulevard of Broken Dreams" video won six of those awards. A year later, "Boulevard of Broken Dreams" won a Grammy for Record of the Year. In 2009 Kerrang! named American Idiot the best album of the decade,[18] NME ranked it #60 in a similar list,[19] and Rolling Stone ranked it 22nd.[20] Rolling Stone also listed "Boulevard of Broken Dreams" and "American Idiot" among the 100 best songs of the 2000s, at #65 and #47 respectively.[21][22]

Accolades

Publication Accolade Rank
NARM The Definitive 200 Albums of All Time link 61
Rolling Stone The 100 Greatest Albums of the Decade link 22
Rolling Stone (Readers Choice) The 100 Greatest Albums of the Decade link 1
Kerrang 100 Greatest Rock Albums of All Time link 13
NME The Top 100 Greatest Albums of the Decade link 60
NPR The Decade's 50 Most Important Recordings link *

(*) designates unordered lists.

Adaptations

In late 2005, Dean Gray released a mash-up version of the album—called American Edit—and became a cause célèbre when the artist was served with a cease and desist order by Green Day's record label. Tracks include "Dr. Who on Holiday" and "Boulevard of Broken Songs". Billie Joe Armstrong later stated that he heard one of the songs on the radio and enjoyed it.[23]

Shortly after the album was released there was speculation that American Idiot might be made into a movie. VH1 quoted Armstrong as saying "We've definitely been talking about someone writing a script for it, and there's been a few different names that have been thrown at us. It sounds really exciting, but for right now it's just talk."[24] Armstrong later stated that shooting would begin for American Idiot: The Motion Picture in 2006, stressing, "We want to see how it turns out first so that it doesn't suck."[25] On June 1, 2006 Armstrong announced in an interview with MTV.com that "it's definitely unfolding" and that "every single week there's more ideas about doing a film for American Idiot, and it's definitely going to happen,"[26] but the band later said, "It is gonna take a little while." Armstrong mentioned that this project is currently on hold to work on their music.[27]

The American Idiot stage musical adaptation premiered at the Berkeley Repertory Theatre in September 2009. It was initially intended to run through October 11, but before the premiere, the theatre announced a three week extension. The new closing date is November 15. The musical is a collaboration between Green Day and director Michael Mayer.[28] Green Day does not appear in the production, but the show features an onstage band.[29]

The cast features Tony award winner John Gallagher Jr. as Johnny, Michael Esper as Will, Tony Vincent as St Jimmy, Rebecca Naomi Jones as Whatsername, Mary Faber as Heather, along with 14 other actors. [30] The show features all of the songs from the album American Idiot, some B-sides and a few songs from Green Day's next album, 21st Century Breakdown.[31]

Track listing

All lyrics by Armstrong (except where noted) and music by Green Day.

  1. "American Idiot" – 2:54
  2. "Jesus of Suburbia" – 9:08
    • I. Jesus of Suburbia
    • II. City of the Damned
    • III. I Don't Care
    • IV. Dearly Beloved
    • V. Tales of Another Broken Home
  3. "Holiday" – 3:52
  4. "Boulevard of Broken Dreams" – 4:20
  5. "Are We the Waiting" – 2:42
  6. "St. Jimmy" – 2:55
  7. "Give Me Novacaine" – 3:25
  8. "She's a Rebel" – 2:00
  9. "Extraordinary Girl" – 3:33
  10. "Letterbomb" – 4:06
  11. "Wake Me Up When September Ends" – 4:45
  12. "Homecoming" – 9:18
    • I. The Death of St. Jimmy
    • II. East 12th St.
    • III. Nobody Likes You (lyrics: Mike Dirnt)
    • IV. Rock and Roll Girlfriend (lyrics: Tré Cool)
    • V. We're Coming Home Again
  13. "Whatsername" – 4:12

Personnel

  • Billie Joe Armstrong – vocals, guitar
  • Mike Dirnt – bass, backing vocals, lead vocals ("Nobody Likes You")
  • Tré Cool – drums and percussion, backing vocals, lead vocals ("Rock and Roll Girlfriend")
  • Rob Cavallo - piano
  • Jason Freese – saxophone
  • Kathleen Hanna – guest vocals ("Letterbomb")
  • Rob Cavallo and Green Day - producers
  • Doug McKean - engineering
  • Brian "Dr. Vibb" Vibberts, Greg "Stimie" Burns, Jimmy Hoyson, Joe Brown, Dmitar "Dim-e" Krnjaic - assistant engineers
  • Chris Dugan, Reto Peter - additional engineering
  • Chris Lord-Alge - mixing
  • Ted Jensen – mastering

Chart positions

Peak chart positions
Chart (2005/2006) Peak
position
Certifications Sales/shipments Ref.
Australian Albums Chart 1 6x Platinum 420,000 [32][33]
Austrian Albums Chart 1 2x Platinum 80,000 [33][34]
Canadian Albums Chart 1 8x Platinum 800,000 [35][36]
Irish Album Chart 1 8x Platinum 120,000 [37]
Norwegian Album Chart 1 [33]
Swedish Album Chart 1 Platinum 60,000 [33][38]
Swiss Album Chart 1 2x Platinum 80,000 [33][39]
UK Albums Chart 1 6x Platinum 1,972,258 [40][41]
US Billboard 200 1 5x Platinum 5,000,000 [35][42]
Finnish Album Chart 2 [33]
New Zealand Album Chart 2 4x Platinum 60,000 [33][43]
German Album Chart 3 2x Platinum 600,000 [33][44]
Danish Album Chart 4 2x Platinum 60,000 [33][45]
French Album Chart 4 [33]
Dutch Album Chart 4 Gold 40,000 [33][46]
Italian Album Chart 5 3x Platinum 300,000 [33]
Belgian Albums Chart 8 Gold 25,000 [33][47]
Portuguese Album Chart 15 [33]
Spanish Album Chart 22 [33]

Note: for all the certification definitions see: Certifications

References

  • Spitz, Marc. Nobody Likes You: Inside the Turbulent Life, Times, and Music of Green Day. New York: Hyperion, 2006. ISBN 1-4013-0274-2

Notes

  1. ^ Gundersen, Edna. "Green Day hits No. 1". USA Today. September 29, 2004. Retrieved on July 28, 2008.
  2. ^ Winwood, Ian. Kerrang! Interview. Kerrang!, p. 32.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h di Perna, Alan. "Combat Rock". Guitar World. Holiday 2004.
  4. ^ Spitz, p. 152
  5. ^ a b c Pappademas, Alex. "Power to the People (With Funny Haircuts)". Spin. November 2004.
  6. ^ Spitz, p. 153
  7. ^ Spitz, p. 154
  8. ^ Spitz, p. 166
  9. ^ Spitz, p. 165
  10. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "American Idiot: Overview. Allmusic. Retrieved on July 23, 2008.
  11. ^ Loftus, Johnny. "American Idiot - Green Day". Pitchfork Media. September 24, 2004. Retrieved on July 23, 2008.
  12. ^ "Green Day - American Idiot". Uncut. Retrieved on July 23, 2008.
  13. ^ Pareles, Jon. "Putting Her Money Where Her Music Video Is". The New York Times. September 26, 2004. Retrieved on July 23, 2008.
  14. ^ Browne, David. "American Idiot". Entertainment Weekly. September 24, 2004. Retrieved on July 23, 2008.
  15. ^ Christgau, Robert. "Green Day reviews". Retrieved on July 23, 2008.
  16. ^ Lynskey, Dorian. "Green Day, American Idiot". The Guardian. September 17, 2004. Retrieved on July 23, 2008.
  17. ^ Sheffield, Rob. "Green Day: American Idiot". Rolling Stone. September 30, 2004. Retrieved on July 23, 2008.
  18. ^ "Kerrang! Top 50 albums of the 21st Century". Kerrang! (Bauer Media Group). 2009-08-05. 
  19. ^ "THE TOP 100 GREATEST ALBUMS OF THE DECADE". NME. http://www.nme.com/list/the-top-100-greatest-albums-of-the-decade/158049/page/5. Retrieved 2009-12-10. 
  20. ^ "100 Best Albums of the Decade: #22-#21". Rolling Stone. 2009-12-09. http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/31248017/100_best_albums_of_the_decade/27. Retrieved 2009-12-10. 
  21. ^ "100 Best Songs of the Decade: #68-65". Rolling Stone. 2009-12-09. http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/31248926/100_best_songs_of_the_decade/9. Retrieved 2009-12-10. 
  22. ^ "100 Best Songs of the Decade: #48-45". Rolling Stone. 2009-12-09. http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/31248926/100_best_songs_of_the_decade/14. Retrieved 2009-12-10. 
  23. ^ Montgomery, James. "Green Day Mash-Up Leads to Cease and Desist Order". MTV. December 20, 2005. Retrieved on July 29, 2008.
  24. ^ Moss, Corey. "Green Day Considering Movie Version of American Idiot". VH1. September 21, 2004. Retrieved on August 3, 2008.
  25. ^ [1]
  26. ^ Green Day Promise Next LP Will Be 'An Event' - News Story | Music, Celebrity, Artist News | MTV News
  27. ^ GDA | Current GD Projects
  28. ^ Itzkoff, Dave. "Punk CD Is Going Theatrical". The New York Times. March 29, 2009. Retrieved on October 18, 2009.
  29. ^ Hurwitt, Robert (2009-03-31), "Green Day's hits turn into Berkeley Rep musical", San Francisco Chronicle, http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2009/03/31/DD8R16NNSN.DTL 
  30. ^ "Berkeley Rep announces cast for Green Day's 'American Idiot'"
  31. ^ http://www.berkeleyrep.org/season/0910/3634.asp
  32. ^ Australia
  33. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "American Idiot Chart positions". australian-charts.com. http://australian-charts.com/showitem.asp?interpret=Green+Day&titel=American+Idiot&cat=a. Retrieved 2008-06-24. 
  34. ^ Austria
  35. ^ a b "Billboard". Billboard. http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/esearch/searchResult.jsp?keyword=Green+Day&x=0&y=0&exposeNavigation=true&applicationName=bbcom&matchType=mode%2Bmatchallpartial&rangePropertyName=FORMATTED_DATE&rangeFilterType=BTWN. Retrieved 2008-06-24. 
  36. ^ "CRIA Certifications". Canadian Recording Industry Association. http://www.cria.ca/cert_db_search.php. Retrieved 2008-06-24. 
  37. ^ Ireland
  38. ^ Sweden
  39. ^ Switzerland
  40. ^ United Kingdom
  41. ^ "British Album Chart". Chart Stats. http://www.chartstats.com/. Retrieved 2008-06-24. 
  42. ^ "RIAA Certifications". Recording Industry Association of America. http://www.riaa.com/goldandplatinumdata.php?resultpage=1&table=SEARCH_RESULTS&action=&title=&artist=Green%20Day&format=&debutLP=&category=&sex=&releaseDate=&requestNo=&type=&level=&label=&company=&certificationDate=&awardDescription=&catalogNo=&aSex=&rec_id=&charField=&gold=&platinum=&multiPlat=&level2=&certDate=&album=&id=&after=&before=&startMonth=1&endMonth=1&startYear=1958&endYear=2007&sort=Artist&perPage=25. Retrieved 2008-06-24. 
  43. ^ New Zealand
  44. ^ Germany
  45. ^ Denmark
  46. ^ Netherlands
  47. ^ Belgium

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