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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This article is about the city in Maharashtra. For ancient town in Andhra Pradesh, see Amravati in Andhra Pradesh, or for other meanings of the word, see Amaravati.
Amravati
TOP: Irwin Square. Middle-Left: Y-Bridge. Middle-Right: Hello Corner. Bottom: Sanskriti Bhavan
TOP: Irwin Square. Middle-Left: Y-Bridge. Middle-Right: Hello Corner. Bottom: Sanskriti Bhavan, .
Coordinates
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District(s) Amravati
Population 678,192 (2008)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Website amravati.nic.in

Amravati (also known as Amaravati, Amrawati or Amraoti) (Marathi: अमरावती) is a city in the state of Maharashtra in India and the headquatres of the Amravati district. The city boasts of historical temples of Goddess Amba, Lord Shri Krishna and Shri Venkateshwara.

Amravati is also the headquarter of "Amravati Division" which is one of the six divisions of the state of Maharashtra (Vidarbha region). Following four districts come under Amravati Division[1] :
1. Akola, 2. Yavatmal, 3. Buldhana and 4. Washim.

Contents

Geography

Amravati is located at 20°56′N 77°45′E / 20.93°N 77.75°E / 20.93; 77.75.[2] It has an average elevation of 343 metres (1125 feet). It lies 156 km (97 miles) west of Nagpur, and serves as the administrative center of Amravati District and of Amravati Division. Alike many small cities in India, Amravati is growing rapidly in terms of living standards. New flyovers and roads are being built, new traffic signals are being setup to renovate the city under IRDP (Integrated Road Development Programme) which is implemented by Government of Maharashtra.

The town is located near the passes through the hills that separate the cotton-growing regions of the Purna basin to the West and the Wardha basin to the East. Amravati is a growing industrial center, with Cotton mills as an important industry. The town is expanding toward Badnera, 10 km to the south, which is the location of the railway junction where the branch railway line serving Amravati joins the main Mumbai - Bhusawal - Wardha - Nagpur - Howrah rail route. National Highway 6 from Hazira (Surat) to Kolkatta passes through the city, which is part of Asian Highway 46.

It is also home to "Shivtekdi", a popular hilltop place with hundreds of people jogging in that area. Efforts are being done to revamp the "Maaltekdi", to make it a healthy destination for all early exercisers.

Climate

Rainfall in Amravati
Rainfall in Amravati

Amravati has a tropical wet and dry climate with hot, dry summers from March to June, the monsoon season from July to October and warm winters from November to March. The highest and lowest temperatures ever recorded was 46.7oC on 25 May 1954 and 5.0oC on 9 February 1887 respectively.

Climate Table
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Mean daily maximum temperature (°C) 29 32 36 40 42 37 31 30 31 33 30 28
Mean daily minimum temperature (°C)MG 15 17 21 25 27 25 23 23 20 17 15
Mean total rainfall (mm) 13 16 9 8 13 155 248 173 165 44 21 9
Source: Government of Maharashtra

Amravati has also some rich areas that mainly includes Balaji plots,which is situated at the heart of city.This area is mainly famous for rich "Marwaries".The cost of lands in this area is comparatively high than other area. Other prominent area is Camp

Demographics

Aerial View of Amravati
Aerial View of Amravati

As of 2001 India Census,[3] Amravati, as a district, had a population of 26,06,063. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. The population of the City now has now reached up to 678,192 [4]. Amravati has an average literacy rate of 83%, much higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 89% of the males and 76% of females literate. 12% of the population is under 6 years of age. 43% of the total population is below poverty line, which makes the city one of the most prosperous in the State and also in the country.

Culture and Religion

Sanskriti Bhavan
Sanskriti Bhavan

The Temple of Goddess Amba is a famous example of spiritual architecture in the Vidharbha Region. There's a legend that when Lord Krishna ran away with Goddess Rukhamini from her wedding ceremony, he used a tunnel laying from Ambadevi temple to Koundinyapur (another spiritual place near Amravati). This tunnel is still in existence but is now closed. Many research teams over the years have tried to investigate about the length of the tunnel but all their efforts were in vain.

In Navaratri, there's a fair which goes on for 9 days where people from nearby towns and villages participate and dance Garba/Dandiya until late in the evening. The city is also known for the Sai Temple along with Bhaktidham situated in Sai Nagar. Other major Indian festivals like Diwali and Holi are also celebrated with lots of enthusiasm.

Marathi Sahitya Sammelan, the conference on Marathi Literature were held twice in Amravati city. It was presided by President of the Conference Keshav Jagannath Purohit in 1989.

History

Amravati means ‘abode of immortals’. Amravati was the capital of Berar, which was part of present-day Vidharbha. Berar was part of the Mauryan emperor Ashoka's empire. In 1833 Berar was handed over to the British East India Company. It was divided into two districts, South Berar or Balaghat and North Berar. In 1956, with the reorganisation of the states, Amravati was transferred from Madhya Pradesh to Bombay state, and in 1960 with the creation of Maharashtra, Amravati became one of its districts.

There were many other freedom fighters from the city, who laid their lives seeking Indian Independence. Rao Bahadur Raghunath Narasinha Mudholkar, Dadasaheb Khaparde, Moropant Vishvanath Joshi from few of them. In 1897, the Indian National Congress assembled at Amraoti, its President was Chettur Sankaran Nair . In a masterly address he referred to the highhandedness of foreign administration, called for reforms and asked for self-government for India with Dominion Status.[5] Freedom fighter Bhagat Singh was hiding for 3 days in Amravati during his underground tenure and he frequently visited Hanuman Akhada (Gym) during that time. There were many other freedom fighters from the city, who laid their lives seeking Indian Independence. This place is also quite famous for being land of social activists as well as political icons like Dr. Punjabrao Deshmukh, Mr. Gulabrao Honade and many more.

In old times Amravati was business centre and to protect business from robbers and dacoit the tatabandi was built around the city, called old city now.the Old Amravati has 5 gates and 3 windows.

Education

Polytechnic Badnera
Polytechnic Badnera

At the heart of the city is the oldest and famous government institute known as the Govt. Vidarbha Institute Of Science And Humanities, formerly known as Vidarbha Mahavidyalaya, before which was known as King Edward College. It is the only government college serving Amravati with maximum branches for Humanities at the undergraduate and post-graduate level. The college has several renowned alumni. The institute has over 500 teaching and non-teaching staff, the maximum in any college under Amravati University.[6]

Renowned educationalist and former Agricultural Minister of India, Dr Punjabrao Deshmukh is the founder of Vidharbha’s largest Shivaji Education society. More than 265 educational institutes are under the management of Shivaji Education Society, providing great contribution in the field of education especially in rural area.

Amravati has emerged as a major educational center in Central India offering many majors including medical and engineering courses. It has renowned colleges like Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University[7], Government College of Pharmacy[8], Government College of Engineering, Amravati, Government Polytechnic Amravati. V.Y.W.S.'s Prof. Ram Meghe Institute of Technology & Research[9] is located at Badnera. It has a C-DAC center with Super Computer in it. New engineering colleges sprang up in past few years including HVPM's Engg. College and the Sipna College of Engg. and Technology.Also new ones like P.R. Patil College of Engineering & Technology are becoming superior than older ones.There are some excellent high schools in Amravati namely Shri Ramkrishna Krida Vidyalaya, Shri Samarth High School, Bhawarilal Samra English High School, School of Scholars, Holy Cross, Dnyanmata High School Amravati, Narayan Das Laddha High School,, Shri Ganeshdasji Rathi Vidhyalaya, Saraswati Vidhyalaya, Takhatmal English High School, Deepa English Primary School, Manibai Gujrathi High School, Pragati Vidhyalaya, New High School, Latebai School, Mohanlal Samra Primary & Montsary School, Adarsha Prarthmik Shala, Vanita Samaj, Golden Kids English High School, DRS Kids School and St. Francis High School, Amravati. These schools are the pioneers in providing quality English and Marathi Medium education. Fulor is a famous 35 years old art institute in Sangani Nagar. There is a school named Rajeshwari Vidya Mandir with students like Rishi M. Jain.


A couple of medium and high schools now have CBSE pattern along with Navodaya Vidyalay, conveying the modern outlook of the residents leading the way in this is Abyasa English School. The Management of Abyasa English School has also decided to start ICSE affiliated school, which will be called as Amravati Public School. The plan is in its initial stage.

Old Amravati

Amravati was once surrounded by four gates of Jawahar Gate, Kholapuri Gate, Nagpuri Gate and Amba Gate. The famous jewellery market (also known as Sarafa Bazaar) is also located inside Jawahar Gate with famous jewellery.

Governance

The current Member of Legislative Assembly is Rajendra Shekhawat of the Indian National Congress (INC). He is the son of the current President of India.

The current Member of Parliament is Anand Adsul of the Shivsena. The current Mayor is Mr. Ashok Dongre of the Indian National Congress (INC), while Chetan Pawar of the Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) is the Deputy Mayor. In addition, Amravati is the hometown of a number of prominent politicians. The current President of India, Pratibha Patil belongs to Amravati. The current Governor of Kerela, R. S. Gavai also belongs to Amravati. Both have represented the Amravati Lok Sabha constituency in the past.

Transport

Road

Amravati City Bus
Amravati City Bus

The NH6, which runs through City, is an important National Highway, which runs from Hazira (Surat) to Kolkata. NH6 is a part of Asian Highway 46. Maharashtra state transport buses are most commonly used by people to travel to rural parts of the region. They are the cheapest means of transport.

Railway

Amravati is situated on the branch line from Badnera on Bhusawal - Nagpur section of Mumbai (CSTM) - Howrah main railway line of Central Railways.

President Pratibha Patil had laid foundation stone for New Amravati model railway station building, which has been laid on 7 September 2008. Railway Minister Lalu Prasad Yadav announced the decision to set up a new divisional railway office in Amravati which will be housed in the model railway station building. This will be the sixth divisional railway office of Central Railways, the other five divisions being in Mumbai, Nagpur, Solapur, Bhusawal and Pune.

Also three new trains, Amravati-Nagpur Intercity Express, Amravati-Mumbai Superfast Express and Amravati-Surat Fast Passenger train have been started from Amravati.[10]

Air

Amravati has an aerodrome which is about 15 km off NH-6 towards Akola. It is in the area called Belora. The aerodrome is not used for commercial purposes. It is used only by the politicians and other people with private jets. It has a 1.5 km runway and also a helipad. The overall facility is not worth much talking about.


See also

References

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Amravati (also known as Amrawati or Amraoti) is a city in the state of Maharashtra in India. It is believed to be the city of Lord Indra, the king of all gods. The city boasts of historical temples of Goddess Amba, Lord Shri Krishna and Shri Venkateshwara.

Understand

History

Amravati District with the rest of the Berar was assigned to the East India Company by the Nizam following the treaty of 1853. After this province was assigned to the Company, it was divided into two districts, South Berar with its headquarters at Hingoli with neighbouring region restored to the Nizam and North Berar was reconstituted into East Berar with headquarters at Akola. In 1864,the district of Yeotmal was separated from Amravati. In 1903, the Treaties of Assignment were superseded by an agreement under which the Nizam leased Berar to the Government of India in perpetuity. Berar was joined to the central provinces in 1903 to form the enlarged province of central provinces and Berar. With the recognition of States in1956,Amravati district, along with other districts of Vidarbha region was included in the then Bilingual Bombay State. Since the bifurcation of Bombay state into Maharashtra and Gujrat in 1960, Amravati, along with other districts of Vidharbha formed one of the districts of Maharashtra.

Climate

Amravati has a tropical wet and dry climate with hot, dry summers from March to June, the monsoon season from July to October and warm winters from November to March. The highest and lowest temperatures ever recorded was 49.7oC on 25 May, 1954 and 5.0oC on 9 February, 1887 respectively.

Get in

Traveling to the city is quite easy; since it has good air, rail as well as road links.

By air

The nearest railway station from Amravati is that of Amravati and Badnera. Biggest city near Amravati is Nagpur which has regular as well as direct flights to all the metros. Since Nagpur is serviced by both public as well as private carriers, reaching here by air is no problem.

By train

The railway station of Amravati is well connected with that of Nagpur. Nagpur falls on the Mumbai-Kolkata main line and forms the terminus of the branch line of Central Railway. The city is connected with almost all the parts of the country by regular trains.

By road

The nearest road link from Amravati city of Maharashtra is that of Nagpur. Apart from that, the city has a good network of roads connecting it with the important towns and cities within the state as well as those in the neighboring states.

Get around

Government Engineering College campus

Changapur (Lord Hanuman Temple, under 15 km from Amravati)

Chikhaldhara (Quiet Hill Station, 100 km from Amravati)

  • Ambadevi Temple, in the heart of Amravati city. It is believed that Shri Krishna abducted Rukmini, from this temple, and married her. Goddess Amba attracts devotees from different parts of Vidarbha.
  • Satidham Temple, in the heart of the city at Rallies Plot. This temple has beautiful idols of Lord Krishna and Radha, Lord Ram and Sita, Lord Ganesh, Lord Shiva and Rani Satiji. A fair is organized on the occasion of Janmashthami every year. Huge devotees attend the fair.
  • Shri Bhakti Dham Temple, Amravati Badnera Road. This temple has beautiful idols of Lord Krishna and Radha. There is also an idol of Shri Sant Jalaram Bappa. There is a small park for children behind this temple.
  • Chatri Talao, 1 km away from Dasturnagar Square on the Malkhed Railway Road. Built in the year 1888 on a small spring called Kali Nadi, this small reservoir was built to supply drinking water to Amravati city. However, Amravati gets water from Upper Wardha Dam now. A small garden and boating facility is also available here.
  • Wadali Talao, 3 km away from the Amaravati Camp on Chandur Railway Road. This was built for clean and fresh water supply to Amravati Camp. There is a small garden with a zoo here. People usually come here during weekends and enjoy boating. This is one of the best places for kids.
  • Sai Mandir, it lies on badnera road. It has very calm surrounding.

Gives mental piece & relief.

  • Melghat Tiger Reserve, in Chikhaldara and Dharni tehsils of on the Satpuda hill range. It spreads over an area of 1676.93 sq km. It is one of the last remaining habitats of Indian tiger in Maharashtra.
  • Wan Sanctuary, at Melghat area of Amravati district. An extension to the Melghat Sanctuary on the southeastern part. This area is rich in floral and faunal biodiversity. This hilly rugged terrain has tropical dry deciduous forests. Chikhaldara

This sole hill resort in the Vidarbha region is situated at an altitude of 1118 m above the sea level. This is one of the coffee-growing areas in Maharashtra. Chikhaldara is full of deep valleys with full of velvet mist and majestic trees. Having a wildlife sanctuary with abundance of wildlife, viewpoints, lakes and waterfalls, it is a very popular summer retreat.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

AMRAVATI, or Amaravati, a ruined city of India in the Guntur district of the Madras presidency, on the south bank of the Kistna river, 62 m. from its mouth. The town is of great interest for the antiquary as one of the chief centres of the Buddhist kingdom of Vengi, and for its stupa (sepulchral monument). Amravati has been identified with Hsiian Tsang's To-na-kie-tse-kia and with the Rahmi of Arab geographers. Subsequent to the disappearance of Buddhism from this region the town became a centre of the Sivaite faith. When Hsiian Tsang visited Amravati in A.D. 639 it had already been deserted for a century, but he speaks in glowing terms of its magnificence and beauty. Very careful and artistic representations of the stupa with its daghoba and interesting rail, pillars and sculptures will be found in Fergusson's Tree and Serpent Worship, and in his History of Indian Architecture (1876). Its elaborate carvings illustrate the life of Buddha. Some are preserved in the British Museum; others in the museum at Madras.

An account by Dr James Burgess was published in 1877 as one of the volumes of the Archaeological Survey of Southern India.


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