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Amrozi bin Nurhasyim
Background information
Birth name: Ali Amrozi bin Nurhasyim
Born: July 5, 1962(1962-07-05)
Lamongan, Indonesia
Died: November 9, 2008 (aged 46)
Cause of death: Execution by firing squad
Killings
Number of victims: 202
Country: Indonesia
Date apprehended: November 5, 2002

Ali Amrozi bin Haji Nurhasyim (also known as Amrozi) (5 July 1962 – 9 November 2008) was an Indonesian executed for his part in the 2002 Bali bombings.

Contents

Early life

He was a native of Lamongan, East Java and was the fifth of 13 children. He attended the Al-Mukmin Islamic school founded by Abu Bakar Bashir along with his brothers Mukhlas and Ali Imron. He recruited these two brothers to manufacture the explosives and purchase the vehicles used in the 2002 Bali bombing.

2002 Bali bombing and trial

His two brothers Ali Ghufron (aka Mukhlas) and Ali Imron were also both involved in the 2002 Bali bombings. Mukhlas is suspected of converting Amrozi to militancy when the two were reunited in Malaysia in the late 1980s. Both of his brothers were also taken into police custody, and Mukhlas was executed with him.

Amrozi was allegedly motivated by his view of American foreign policy, which he deemed to have an imperialist agenda toward the Islamic world.

In an interview with the chief of investigations, General I Made Mangku Pastika, when asked about Amrozi's feelings toward the attack said:

"There is no regret at all for him [Amrozi]. Doing his duty to God, he shows no regret. He's very calm, very cool... proud of his activities." About the fact that most of the Westerners who died were Australians rather than the Americans that Amrozi has stated he was targeting, Mr Pastika stated, "He doesn't regret it but he is just unhappy"[1]

Amrozi's seemingly nonchalant demeanour throughout his trial earned him nicknames such as "The Smiling Assassin", "The Smiling Bomber" and "The Laughing Bomber".[2]

At the time of the bombing Bali was more popular as a tourist destination for Australians than it was for Americans.

Sentence and execution

On 7 August 2003, he was found guilty for his role in the Bali bombing and sentenced to death by firing squad. His execution was delayed for 5 years, due to legal technicalities: the law under which he was convicted was not in effect at the time of the bombing, and was ruled illegal by the Indonesian high court in July 2004. Originally incarcerated in Denpasar's prison, he was moved to the high-security prison island of Nusakambangan in October 2005. While in prison, on 12 May 2008, he re-married his first wife, Rahma, in a ceremony which was conducted in his absence in his home village, while remaining married to his current wife.[3]

Together with the two other bombers (Imam Samudra and his brother, Mukhlas) who received death sentences, he launched a constitutional challenge against the use of firing squads. Amrozi preferred beheading.[4] In October 2008 he remained unrepentant and claimed revenge would be taken for his death.[5]

During the month, his final appeals were rejected and the Attorney General's office announced that he would be executed by firing squad in early November 2008.[4] According to a source in Indonesia's Attorney General Office, the executions were to be done before the end of Sunday, 9 November 2008. This was reportedly delayed from the original plan to allow a representative from the family to identify the body post-execution. From Amrozi's family, his younger brother, Ali Fauzi was sent as a representative of his family.[6][7]

Amrozi, along with Imam Samudra and Huda bin Abdul Haq were shot on 00.15 local time on 9 November 2008. They were executed by firing squad.[8] Despite his carefree demeanor throughout his trial and incarceration, he was reported to have been pale faced and shaking in the moments before his execution.[9]

References

  1. ^ "Profile: Amrozi". BBC News. 2008-11-08. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/2632043.stm. Retrieved February 17, 2006.  
  2. ^ "Australian fury at Bali bomber". BBC News. 2002-11-14. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/low/world/asia-pacific/2471983.stm. Retrieved September 25, 2007.  
  3. ^ Thompson, Geoff (2008-05-12). "'Virtual wedding ceremony' for Bali bomber Amrozi". ABC news. http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2008/05/12/2242535.htm. Retrieved 2008-08-13.  
  4. ^ a b "Bali bombers' execution date set". BBC News. 2008-10-24. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7688178.stm. Retrieved October 24, 2008.  
  5. ^ Thompson, Geoff (2008-10-01). "'Bali bombers threaten revenge over executions'". ABC news. http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2008/10/01/2379598.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-01.  
  6. ^ "Negosiasi Dini Hari dan Pilihan yang Sulit". Detik.com. 2008. http://www.detiknews.com/read/2008/11/08/064725/1033376/10/negosiasi-dini-hari-dan-pilihan-yang-sulit. Retrieved November 8, 2008.  
  7. ^ "Three Bali Bombers May Be Executed Tonight, Indonesia Says". Bloomberg. 2008. http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601080&sid=asw8s9J_glrw&refer=asia. Retrieved November 8, 2008.  
  8. ^ "Bali bomb burials stoke tensions". BBC. 2008. http://www.antara.co.id/arc/2008/11/9/kronologi-resmi-eksekusi-amrozi-cs/. Retrieved November 9, 2008.  
  9. ^ "Bali bomber and smiling assassin Amrozi died a coward". News Corp. 2008. http://www.news.com.au/perthnow/story/0,21598,24624892-948,00.html. Retrieved November 10, 2008.  

External links

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Simple English

Ali Amrozi bin Haji Nurhasyim (also known as Amrozi) (July 5, 1962 - November 9, 2008) was an Indonesian who was convicted for his part in the 2002 Bali bombing. He was executed along with two other men invovled in the bombing in early November 2008. Ali was executed on November 9 by a firing squad.


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