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An Officer and a Gentleman

Original film poster
Directed by Taylor Hackford
Produced by Martin Elfand
Douglas Day Stewart
Written by Douglas Day Stewart
Starring Richard Gere
Debra Winger
Louis Gossett, Jr.
David Keith
Robert Loggia
Music by Jack Nitzsche
Cinematography Donald E. Thorin
Editing by Peter Zinner
Distributed by Paramount Pictures
Release date(s) July 28, 1982 (1982-07-28)
Running time 122 minutes
Country United States
Language English

An Officer and a Gentleman is a 1982 American drama film that tells the story of a U.S. Navy aviation officer candidate who comes into conflict with the Marine Corps Gunnery Sergeant who trains him. It was written by Douglas Day Stewart and directed by Taylor Hackford. It starred Richard Gere, Debra Winger and Louis Gossett, Jr., and was produced by Lorimar Productions for Paramount Pictures. The film's title uses an old expression from the British Royal Navy or from the U.S. Uniform Code of Military Justice, as being charged with "conduct unbecoming an officer and a gentleman" (from 1860). An Officer and a Gentleman was commercially released in the U.S. on July 28, 1982.

Contents

Plot

The film begins with Zachary "Zack" Mayo (Richard Gere) receiving a college graduation present from his father Byron (Robert Loggia), a brash, womanizing U.S. Navy Boatswain's Mate, formerly stationed at Subic Bay in the Philippines. Mayo moved in with his father there in early adolescence after his mother committed suicide. Aloof and taciturn with repressed anger at his mother's death and his father's inability to properly parent him, Mayo surprises his father when he announces his aspiration to be a Navy pilot.

Once he arrives at the 13-week long Aviation Officer Candidate School (AOCS), Mayo runs afoul of abrasive, no-nonsense drill instructor, Marine Gunnery Sergeant Emil Foley (Louis Gossett, Jr.). Mayo — or "Mayonnaise" as he is dubbed by the irascible Foley — is an excellent officer candidate, but not a team player. Foley rides Mayo mercilessly, sensing the young man would be prime officer material if he were not so self-involved. Zack becomes friends with fellow trainee Sid Worley (David Keith), from the "good side of the tracks", whose father and late brother were Naval officers. Another focus is female recruit Casey Seeger (Lisa Eilbacher), whose name is pronounced like Bob Seger but whom Foley calls "Cigar", who is unable to get over a wall with a rope in the obstacle course, and endures her own barrage of pressure from Foley.

Zack and Sid meet two local girls at a Navy-hosted dance, factory workers Paula Pokrifki (Debra Winger) and Lynette Pomeroy (Lisa Blount), who bed the cocky officer candidates. Foley has warned the officer candidates about local girls (aka, "Puget Sound Debs") who look upon the "OCs" as potential husbands, in order to escape their lower middle class lifestyles. Lynette appears to be the quintessential "Deb", who is trying to nab an officer candidate so she can escape her drab, blue-collar life and become an "aviator's" wife. Sid takes up with Lynette eagerly and naively, but views his relationship with her as little more than sexual recreation. Paula is different; she makes no demands and is content to let the relationship with Zack be what it is. Yet Paula is undoubtedly attracted to Zack, but their affair is compromised by his unwillingness to give of himself.

When Mayo's side business of selling pre-shined belt buckles and shoes to his fellow OCs is discovered by Foley, the drill instructor makes life unendurable for the trainee in order to force his resignation from the program—"Drop On Request" (DOR). But Mayo refuses to give in. Finally, when Foley threatens to simply discharge Mayo, he finally breaks down and admits that "I got nowhere else to go! I got nowhere else to go... I got nothin' else." Satisfied that Mayo has come to a crucial self-realization, Foley lets up on him. Mayo begins to mature and mend his ways.

During their night of passion, Mayo reveals to Paula the truth behind his mother's suicide and that he truly seeks a different path from that of his father. Paula later takes Zack home to "meet the family", and Zack learns that Paula's biological father was in fact an officer candidate who refused to marry her mother when she was pregnant with Paula.

Later, Mayo is running with Seeger through the obstacle course one last time. Mayo has a chance to break the record time for negotiating the course, but after Seeger fails once again to get over the wall, he chooses to sacrifice the record to encourage her over the wall so she could graduate, which becomes a defining moment in Mayo's resistance to being a "team player".

As graduation nears, Zack begins to distance himself from Paula. Following a dinner with Sid and his parents in town, Zack learns that Sid has a long-time girlfriend back home, who he plans to marry shortly after commissioning, yet intends to continue his sexual relationship with Lynette until graduation. Meanwhile, Lynette appears to be dropping hints to Sid that she might be pregnant, which adds to the pressure that he is already experiencing in the AOCS program. During a high-altitude simulation in a pressure chamber, Sid has a sudden anxiety attack and is attended by Zack, who tries to calm him down, under the watchful eye of Foley. Realizing that he joined the AOCS program because of expectations from his family and a sense of obligation to his brother, Sid DOR's without telling Zack. Believing that Foley pressured Sid to do so, Zack confronts Sid and Foley to try to get his friend reinstated; in doing so, he argues passionately that Sid is an ideal officer candidate, only to find out that Foley also tried to talk Sid out of it—the decision was completely Sid's. Privately, Foley is proud of Zack's sticking up for Sid.

When Sid proposes to Lynette, she turns him down, but not before confessing she wasn't pregnant as they originally thought. She wanted him to graduate in order to fulfill her dream of marrying a Naval aviator, and all but curses him for dropping out in the twelfth week. Despondent, Sid later commits suicide. Mayo unreasonably blames Foley and the two clash in an unofficial, no-holds-barred martial arts bout between them with several of the candidates looking on. While Mayo physically dominates most of the match due to his youth, anger, and prior training, Foley finally wins after he kicks Mayo in the groin, maintaining his authority against Mayo and all his other candidates. With both of them hurt, Foley offers him the chance to DOR one last time, knowing that Mayo has either burned out his rebelliousness and misplaced anger or never will.

Mayo graduates with the rest of his class. Following the tradition of the newly-commissioned U.S. Naval officers, he seeks out and receives his first salute from Foley in exchange for a US silver dollar coin. Tradition calls for the Sergeant to place each silver dollar in his left shirt pocket, but Foley places Mayo's in his right pocket, which is an acknowledgment that Mayo was a special candidate. Mayo then thanks Foley, saying he'll never forget him. Foley, clearly moved and suppressing his own tears, responds with "I know" then straightens and gives Mayo a picture-perfect salute. Shortly thereafter, Mayo rides away from base on his motorcycle to hear Foley verbally dressing-down the newest batch of AOCS recruits, only to smile in response, knowing that the process is beginning again.

In the iconic final scene of the film, the new Ensign Mayo goes to the factory where Paula works, picks her up and walks out holding her in his arms. Lynette watches bitterly at first, knowing her own manipulations have left her alone in the end, but then applauds her friend along with the rest of the factory workers and shouts, "Way to go, Paula".

Cast

Production

Locations

The film was shot in late 1981 on the Olympic Peninsula of Washington state, at Port Townsend and Fort Worden. The U.S. Navy did not permit filming at NAS Pensacola in western Florida, the traditional site of the Aviation Officer Candidate School.[citation needed] A real motel, The Tides Inn, located in Port Townsend was used for the film. Today, there is a plaque outside the room commemorating this. Some early scenes of the film were filmed in Bremerton, with ships of the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard in the background.

The "Dilbert Dunker" scenes were filmed in the swimming pool at what is now Mountain View Elementary School (Mountain View Middle School during filming). According to the director's commentary on the DVD, the dunking machine was constructed specifically for the film and was an exact duplicate of the actual one used by the Navy.

The filming location of Paula Pokrifiki's house was 1003 Tremont in Port Townsend. As of 2009, the house is shrouded by a large hedge and the front porch has been remodeled. The neighboring homes and landscape look identical to their appearance in the film, including the 'crooked oak tree' across the street from the Pokrifiki home that is visible in the scene near the end of the film in which Richard Gere returns to the home to request Paula's help in finding his friend Sid. In the film, the plot has Paula living a ferry ride away from the naval base. In reality, Paula's home is located approximately 8 blocks from Fort Worden.

Lynette Pomeroy's house was located on Mill Road, just west of the main entrance of the Port Townsend Paper Corp. mill. The house no longer exists, but the concrete driveway pad is still visible.

The interior of the USO building at Fort Worden State Park was used for the reception scene near the beginning of the film.

The concrete structure used during the famous Richard Gere line "I got no place else to go!" is the Battery Kinzie located at Fort Worden State Park. The scene was filmed on the southwest corner of the upper level of the battery. The 'obstacle course' was constructed specifically for the film and was located in the grassy areas just south and southeast of Battery Kinzie.

The decompression chamber was one of the only sets constructed for the film and as of 2009, it is still intact in the basement of building number 225 of the Fort Worden State Park. It can be seen through the windows of the building's basement.

Building 204 of Fort Worden State Park was used as the dormitory and its porch was used for the film's closing 'silver dollar' scene.

The blimp hangar used for the famous fight scene between Louis Gossett Jr. and Richard Gere is located at Fort Worden State Park and as of 2009 is still intact, but has been converted into a 1200 seat performing arts center.

The filming location for the exterior of 'TJ's Restaurant' is located at the Point Hudson marina in Port Townsend. The space is now occupied by a company that makes sails.

Casting

Director Taylor Hackford kept Lou Gossett Jr. in separate living quarters from the other actors during An Officer and a Gentleman so he could intimidate them more during his scenes as a drill instructor.[1]

Gossett was advised by U.S. Marine Corps Gunnery Sergeant Buck Welcher.

Originally, Country music singer John Denver signed on to play Zack Mayo. But a casting process eventually involved Jeff Bridges, John Travolta, Christopher Reeve, and Richard Gere. Gere eventually beat out all the other actors for the part.

The role of Paula was originally given to Sigourney Weaver, then to Anjelica Huston and later to Jennifer Jason Leigh, who dropped out to do Fast Times at Ridgemont High instead. Eventually, Debra Winger replaced Leigh for the role of Paula. Rebecca de Mornay, Meg Ryan, and Geena Davis, all virtually unknowns at the time, auditioned for the role of Paula before losing out to Winger.

The role of GySgt Foley was difficult to cast. Jack Nicholson turned down the part, and no one else the producers were interested in was available. Screenwriter Stewart then visited the Pensacola area to do research and found out all of the top drill instructors there were African-American, which inspired them to cast Gossett Jr. in the role for which he won an Oscar.

Lisa Eilbacher, who played Officer Candidate Casey Seeger, is an avid bodybuilder/fitness buff and said that pretending to be out of shape for the character was the most difficult part about acting in the film.

Props

Richard Gere rides a 750cc T140E Triumph Bonneville introduced halfway in the 1978 selling season. Two T140E Bonnevilles were supplied by Dewey's Cycle Shop in Seattle. One had Receipt no.16787 dated April 8, 1981, as sold to Paramount Pictures. In the United Kingdom, Paramount successfully linked with Triumph Motorcycles Meriden Ltd to do a mutual promotion. Cinemas showing the film would be promoted at their local Triumph dealer and T140E Triumph Bonnevilles supplied by the dealer would be displayed in cinema foyers.

Film ending

Richard Gere balked at shooting the ending of the film where his character arrives at his lover's factory wearing his naval dress whites and carries her off the factory floor. Gere thought the ending wouldn't work because it was too sentimental and director Taylor Hackford was inclined to agree with Gere until, during a rehearsal, the extras playing the workers began to cheer and cry. When Gere saw the scene later with the music underneath it ("Up Where We Belong") at the right tempo, he said it sent chills up the back of his neck. Gere is now convinced Hackford made the right decision.[2]

Release

Two versions of the film exist. The original, uncensored R-rated cut and a television version cut (which first aired on NBC in 1986) are nearly identical. The main difference is that a majority of the foul language is edited out when the film airs on regular television. However, the group marching song near the beginning of the film and Mayo's solo marching song are not voiceover edits; they are reshoots of those scenes for television. Also, the sex scene between Mayo and Paula is cut in half, and the scene where Mayo finds Sid's body is also edited.

Reception

An Officer and a Gentleman was well received by critics and is widely considered one of the best films of 1982.[3][4][5] The film grossed close to $130 million at the box-office in the United States in 1982, which would translate to over $300 million in today's ticket prices. It also received rave reviews from critics, most notably from Roger Ebert who gave it four stars. Ebert described An Officer and a Gentleman as "a wonderful movie precisely because it's so willing to deal with matters of the heart."

Rex Reed gave a glowing review where he commented: "This movie will make you feel ten feet tall!"

The British film critic Mark Kermode, an admirer of Taylor Hackford observed, "It's a much tougher film than people remember it being; it's not a romantic movie, it's actually a movie about blue-collar, down-trodden people."

The film has a very high 94% "Fresh" rating on the review aggregate website Rotten Tomatoes.[6]

Awards

Academy Awards

Academy Award nominations

Cultural references

Soundtrack

Song Lyrics by Performed by
"Up Where We Belong" Will Jennings Joe Cocker and Jennifer Warnes
"Treat Me Right" D. Lubahn and Pat Benatar Pat Benatar
"Hungry for Your Love" Van Morrison Van Morrison
"Be Real" D. Sahm The Sir Douglas Quintet
"Tush" B. Gibbons, D. Hill and F. Beard ZZ Top
"Tunnel of Love" M. Knopfler Dire Straits
"Feelings" Morris Albert Morris Albert
"Tie a Yellow Ribbon Round the Ole Oak Tree" Irwin Levine and L. Russell Brown
"Anchors Aweigh" Charles A. Zimmerman, George D. Lottman and Alfred H. Miles
"Moon River" Henry Mancini and Johnny Mercer
"Big Money Dollars" John Thomas Lenox
"Gamelan Gong: Barong Dance" David Lewiston
"The Plains of Mindanao" Bayanihan 7
"Galan Kangin" Gong Kebyar, Sebatu

See also

[7]

References

  1. ^ http://www.nctimes.com/articles/2007/07/03/entertainment/television/030307124750.txt
  2. ^ "Gere begged director not to shoot romantic scene". PR Inside. 2007-04-29. http://www.pr-inside.com/gere-begged-director-not-to-shoot-r108124.htm. 
  3. ^ http://www.filmsite.org/1982.html
  4. ^ http://www.films101.com/y1982r.htm
  5. ^ http://www.imdb.com/search/title?year=1982,1982&title_type=feature&sort=moviemeter,asc
  6. ^ http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/officer_and_a_gentleman/
  7. ^ "Theme from 'An Officer and a Gentleman'" (1982) Music by Jack Nitzsche and Buffy Sainte-Marie Performed and Arranged by Lee Ritenour

External links


An Officer and a Gentleman
File:An Officer and a Gentleman film
Original film poster
Directed by Taylor Hackford
Produced by Martin Elfand
Douglas Day Stewart
Written by Douglas Day Stewart
Starring Richard Gere
Debra Winger
Louis Gossett, Jr.
David Keith
Robert Loggia
Music by Jack Nitzsche
Cinematography Donald E. Thorin
Editing by Peter Zinner
Studio Lorimar Film Entertainment
Distributed by Paramount Pictures
Release date(s) July 28, 1982 (1982-07-28)
Running time 122 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Gross revenue $129,795,554 (domestic)

An Officer and a Gentleman is a 1982 American drama film that tells the story of a U.S. Navy aviation officer candidate who comes into conflict with the Marine Corps Gunnery Sergeant[1] who trains him. It was written by Douglas Day Stewart and directed by Taylor Hackford. It starred Richard Gere, Debra Winger and Louis Gossett, Jr., and was produced by Lorimar Productions for Paramount Pictures. The film's title uses an old expression from the British Royal Navy or from the U.S. Uniform Code of Military Justice, as being charged with "conduct unbecoming an officer and a gentleman" (from 1860). An Officer and a Gentleman was commercially released in the U.S. on July 28, 1982.

Contents

Plot

Zachary "Zack" Mayo (Richard Gere) has been living with his father Byron (Robert Loggia), a U.S. Navy boatswain's mate, since early adolescence, after Zack's mother committed suicide. Hoping to put his life on a different path, Zack signs up for the Navy's Aviator Officer Candidate School.

Zack and his fellow OCs are "welcomed" by their head drill instructor, Marine Gunnery Sergeant Emil Foley (Louis Gossett, Jr.). Foley makes it clear that the program is designed to eliminate as many cadets as possible, and that only the best will earn their "prize", a commission in the Navy and a $1,000,000 flight education. Zack hits it off with fellow recruit Sid Worley (David Keith) and female recruit Casey Seeger (Lisa Eilbacher).

Zack and Sid meet two local girls at a Navy-hosted dance - factory workers Paula Pokrifki (Debra Winger) and Lynette Pomeroy (Lisa Blount), with whom each begins a romantic relationship.

Foley rides Zack mercilessly, believing that he could be an outstanding officer. When Zack's side business of selling preshined shoes and belt buckles is discovered, Foley hazes him for an entire weekend in an attempt to make him DOR(drop on request), but Zack refuses to give in. Foley then tells Zack that he will simply have him thrown out; Zack finally breaks down telling Foley that he has nowhere else to go and has nothing else in his life. Satisfied that Zack has come to a crucial self-realization, Foley lets up on him.

While Zack and Paula spend the next weekend together, she takes him home to meet and have dinner with her family. After dinner, she shows Zack an old picture of her real father. He was an Officer Candidate who had refused to marry her mother when she became pregnant with her.

Later, Zack has a chance to break the record time for negotiating the obstacle course; meanwhile, Seeger will have to DOR if she can't negotiate the Wall that's been giving her so much trouble. Zack sacrifices his personal record to coach Seeger over the wall, and she makes it.

Following dinner with Sid and his parents in town, Zack learns that Sid has a long-time girlfriend back home, whom he plans to marry after being commissioned. Meanwhile, Lynette has been dropping hints to Sid that she may be pregnant. During a high-altitude simulation in a pressure chamber, Sid has a sudden anxiety attack. Realizing that he joined up out of a sense of obligation to his family, Sid DORs. Sid then leaves the base without saying goodbye, and Zack & Paula go out to look for him.

Sid goes to Lynette's house and proposes marriage to her. She turns him down, but not before confessing she wasn't pregnant. She wanted him to graduate in order to fulfill her dream of marrying a Naval aviator, and all but curses him for dropping out. Despondent, Sid checks into a motel and commits suicide. Zack decides to DOR himself but Foley won't let him go so close to graduation. He and Zack clash in an unofficial martial arts bout with the platoon looking on. Although Zack dominates for most of the fight, Foley manages to win by kicking Zack in the groin. Foley tells him he can quit if he wants to.

Zack does show up for graduation, and is sworn into the Navy with his class. Following Naval tradition, he seeks out and receives his first salute from Foley in exchange for a US silver dollar. While tradition calls for the drill instructor to place the coin in his left shirt pocket, Foley places the coin in his right pocket and gives Zack a picture perfect salute acknowledging that Zack was a special candidate. Zack tells him he will never forget him and that he never would have made it through without his guidance.

Zack, now Ensign Mayo, seeks out Paula at the factory where she works. He picks her up and walks out with her in his arms to the applause and cheers of her co-workers.

Cast

Production

Locations

The film was shot in late 1981 on the Olympic Peninsula of Washington state, at Port Townsend and Fort Worden. The U.S. Navy did not permit filming at NAS Pensacola in western Florida, the traditional site of the Aviation Officer Candidate School.[citation needed]

A real motel, The Tides Inn, located in Port Townsend was used for the film. Today, there is a plaque outside the room commemorating this. Some early scenes of the film were filmed in Bremerton, with ships of the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard in the background.

The "Dilbert Dunker" scenes were filmed in the swimming pool at what is now Mountain View Elementary School (Mountain View Middle School during filming). According to the director's commentary on the DVD, the dunking machine was constructed specifically for the film and was an exact duplicate of the actual one used by the Navy.

The filming location of Paula Pokrifiki's house was 1003 Tremont in Port Townsend. As of 2009, the house is shrouded by a large hedge and the front porch has been remodeled. The neighboring homes and landscape look identical to their appearance in the film, including the 'crooked oak tree' across the street from the Pokrifiki home. This oak tree is visible in the scene near the end of the film in which Richard Gere returns to the home to request Paula's help in finding his friend Sid. In the film, the plot has Paula living a ferry ride away from the naval base. In reality, Paula's home is located approximately 8 blocks from Fort Worden.

Lynette Pomeroy's house was located on Mill Road, just west of the main entrance of the Port Townsend Paper Corp. mill. The house no longer exists, but the concrete driveway pad is still visible.

The interior of the USO building at Fort Worden State Park was used for the reception scene near the beginning of the film.

The concrete structure used during the famous Richard Gere line "I got no place else to go!" is the Battery Kinzie located at Fort Worden State Park. The scene was filmed on the southwest corner of the upper level of the battery. The 'obstacle course' was constructed specifically for the film and was located in the grassy areas just south and southeast of Battery Kinzie.

The decompression chamber was one of the only sets constructed for the film and as of 2009, it is still intact in the basement of building number 225 of the Fort Worden State Park. It can be seen through the windows of the building's basement.

Building 204 of Fort Worden State Park was used as the dormitory and its porch was used for the film's closing 'silver dollar' scene.

The blimp hangar used for the famous fight scene between Louis Gossett Jr. and Richard Gere is located at Fort Worden State Park and as of 2009 is still intact, but has been converted into a 1200 seat performing arts center called the McCurdy Pavilion.

The filming location for the exterior of 'TJ's Restaurant' is located at the Point Hudson marina in Port Townsend. The space is now occupied by a company that makes sails.

Casting

Director Taylor Hackford kept Lou Gossett Jr. in separate living quarters from the other actors during An Officer and a Gentleman so he could intimidate them more during his scenes as a drill instructor.[2]

Gossett was advised by U.S. Marine Corps Gunnery Sergeant Buck Welcher.

Originally, Country music singer John Denver signed on to play Zack Mayo. But a casting process eventually involved Jeff Bridges, John Travolta, Christopher Reeve, and Richard Gere. Gere eventually beat out all the other actors for the part.

The role of Paula was originally given to Sigourney Weaver, then to Anjelica Huston and later to Jennifer Jason Leigh, who dropped out to do Fast Times at Ridgemont High instead. Eventually, Debra Winger replaced Leigh for the role of Paula. Rebecca de Mornay, Meg Ryan, and Geena Davis, all virtually unknowns at the time, auditioned for the role of Paula before losing out to Winger.

The role of GySgt Foley was difficult to cast. Jack Nicholson turned down the part, and no one else the producers were interested in was available. Screenwriter Stewart then visited the Pensacola area to do research and found out all of the top drill instructors there were African-American, which inspired them to cast Gossett Jr. in the role for which he won an Oscar.

Lisa Eilbacher, who played Officer Candidate Casey Seeger, is an avid bodybuilder/fitness buff and said that pretending to be out of shape for the character was the most difficult part about acting in the film.

Props

Richard Gere rides a 750cc T140E Triumph Bonneville introduced halfway in the 1978 selling season. Two T140E Bonnevilles were supplied by Dewey's Cycle Shop in Seattle. One had Receipt no.16787 dated April 8, 1981, as sold to Paramount Pictures. In the United Kingdom, Paramount successfully linked with Triumph Motorcycles (Meriden) Limited to do a mutual promotion. From Triumph's then-chairman, John Rosamond, in his book Save The Triumph Bonneville ! (Veloce 2009), cinemas showing the film would be promoted at their local Triumph dealer and T140E Triumph Bonnevilles supplied by the dealer would be displayed in cinema foyers.

Film Ending

Richard Gere balked at shooting the ending of the film, in which Zack arrives at Paula's factory wearing his naval dress whites and carries her off the factory floor. Gere thought the ending wouldn't work because it was too sentimental. Director Taylor Hackford agreed with Gere until, during a rehearsal, the extras playing the workers began to cheer and cry. When Gere saw the scene later, with the music underneath it ("Up Where We Belong") at the right tempo, he said it gave him chills. Gere is now convinced Hackford made the right decision. [3] Screenwriter Michael Hauge, in his book Writing Screenplays That Sell, echoed this opinion: "I don't believe that those who criticized this Cinderella-style ending were paying very close attention to who exactly is rescuing whom."

Release

Two versions of the film exist. The original, uncensored R-rated cut and an edited for broadcast television cut (which first aired on NBC in 1986) are nearly identical. The main difference is that a majority of the foul language is edited out when the film airs on regular television. However, the group marching song near the beginning of the film and Mayo's solo marching song are not voiceover edits; they are reshoots of those scenes for television. Also, the sex scene between Mayo and Paula is cut in half, and the scene where Mayo finds Sid's body is also edited.

Reaction

Box Office Performance

An Officer and a Gentleman was an enormous box office success and went on to become the third highest grossing film of 1982.[4] It grossed $3,304,679 in its opening weekend[5] and $129,795,554 overall at the domestic box office.[6]

Critical Reception

An Officer and a Gentleman was well received by critics and is widely considered one of the best films of 1982.[7][8][9] The film holds a very high 94% "Fresh" rating on the review aggregate website Rotten Tomatoes.[10] It received rave reviews from critics, most notably from Roger Ebert who gave it four stars. Ebert described An Officer and a Gentleman as "a wonderful movie precisely because it's so willing to deal with matters of the heart".[11]

Rex Reed gave a glowing review where he commented: "This movie will make you feel ten feet tall!" The British film critic Mark Kermode, an admirer of Taylor Hackford observed, "It's a much tougher film than people remember it being; it's not a romantic movie, it's actually a movie about blue-collar, down-trodden people."

The film also received recognition from the American Film Institute. It is ranked number 29 on AFI's 100 Years…100 Passions, a list of America's greatest love stories.[12] An Officer and a Gentleman was also named the 68th most inspiring movie on 100 Years…100 Cheers.[13] The song "Up Where We Belong" was also ranked number 75 on AFI's 100 Years…100 Songs.[14]

Awards

Award wins:

Award nominations:

Cultural references

Soundtrack

Song Lyrics by Performed by
"Up Where We Belong" Will Jennings Joe Cocker and Jennifer Warnes
"Treat Me Right" D. Lubahn and Pat Benatar Pat Benatar
"Hungry for Your Love" Van Morrison Van Morrison
"Be Real" D. Sahm The Sir Douglas Quintet
"Tush" B. Gibbons, D. Hill and F. Beard ZZ Top
"Tunnel of Love" M. Knopfler Dire Straits
"Feelings" Morris Albert Morris Albert
"Tie a Yellow Ribbon Round the Ole Oak Tree" Irwin Levine and L. Russell Brown
"Anchors Aweigh" Charles A. Zimmerman, George D. Lottman and Alfred H. Miles
"Moon River" Henry Mancini and Johnny Mercer
"Big Money Dollars" John Thomas Lenox
"Gamelan Gong: Barong Dance" David Lewiston
"The Plains of Mindanao" Bayanihan 7
"Galan Kangin" Gong Kebyar, Sebatu

See also

[15]

References

  1. ^ Washington Post [1]
  2. ^ http://www.nctimes.com/articles/2007/07/03/entertainment/television/030307124750.txt
  3. ^ "Gere begged director not to shoot romantic scene". PR Inside. 2007-04-29. http://www.pr-inside.com/gere-begged-director-not-to-shoot-r108124.htm. 
  4. ^ "1982 Domestic Grosses". Box Office Mojo.com. http://boxofficemojo.com/yearly/chart/?yr=1982&view=releasedate&view2=domestic&sort=gross&order=DESC&&p=.htm. Retrieved June 20, 2010. 
  5. ^ "Box Office and Business Information for An Officer and a Gentleman". IMDb.com. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0084434/business. Retrieved June 20, 2010. 
  6. ^ "Box Office Information for An Officer and a Gentleman". Box Office Mojo.com. http://boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=officerandagentleman.htm. Retrieved June 20, 2010. 
  7. ^ "The Greatest Films of 1982". AMC Filmsite.org. http://www.filmsite.org/1982.html. Retrieved June 20, 2010. 
  8. ^ "The Best Movies of 1982 by Rank". Films101.com. http://www.films101.com/y1982r.htm. Retrieved June 20, 2010. 
  9. ^ "Most Popular Feature Films Released in 1982". IMDb.com. http://www.imdb.com/search/title?year=1982,1982&title_type=feature&sort=moviemeter,asc. Retrieved June 20, 2010. 
  10. ^ "An Officer and a Gentleman Movie Reviews, Pictures". Rotten Tomatoes. http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/officer_and_a_gentleman/. Retrieved June 20, 2010. 
  11. ^ "An Officer and a Gentleman Movie Review". Chicago Sun-Times. http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/19820101/REVIEWS/201010336/1023. Retrieved June 20, 2010. 
  12. ^ "AFI's 100 Years... 100 Passions". AFI.com. http://connect.afi.com/site/DocServer/passions100.pdf?docID=248. Retrieved June 20, 2010. 
  13. ^ "AFI's 100 Years... 100 Cheers". AFI.com. http://connect.afi.com/site/DocServer/cheers100.pdf?docID=202. Retrieved June 20, 2010. 
  14. ^ "AFI's 100 Years... 100 Songs". AFI.com. http://connect.afi.com/site/DocServer/songs100.pdf?docID=244. Retrieved June 20, 2010. 
  15. ^ "Theme from 'An Officer and a Gentleman'" (1982) Music by Jack Nitzsche and Buffy Sainte-Marie Performed and Arranged by Lee Ritenour

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

An Officer and a Gentleman is a 1982 film about a United States Navy aviator Officer Candidate who comes into conflict with the Marine Corps Gunnery Sergeant who trains him.

Directed by Taylor Hackman. Written by Douglas Day Stewart.
Life gave him nothing, except the courage to win... and a woman to love. Taglines

Contents

GySgt. Emil Foley

  • [referring to Della Serra's haircut] Now this is my idea of an ass bandit. Wait till some of the local girls get a look at you, Scrotum Head.
  • I don't believe what I'm seein'. Where've you been all your lives? At an orgy? Listening to Mick Jagger and bad-mouthin' our country, I'll bet!
  • There's not gonna be any liberty for you boys, 'cause you'll be going home by then.
  • In every class, there's always one joker who thinks that he's smarter than me. In that class, that happens to be you. Isn't it, Mayo-naise?
  • [his first cadence, for Zack and the other OC's] Sergeant Foley, can't you see; A Puget Deb is after me; Please don't let me catch my tail; I'd be better off in the country jail...! My mom was a Deb, my grandma too; That's all them gals know how to do; She'll catch my butt before she's through; Sergeant Foley, it's up to you!
  • [his second cadence, for Zack alone] Candidate Mayo's strutting in the dirt; Look at his face, he's starting to hurt; Here he is, thinking he's a great big star; But before too long, he's gonna D.O.R.; Seen guys like you a hundred times; I'm telling you, Mayo, I'm one of a kind; Gonna give you more than you can take; I'm gonna watch you crumble and watch you break!
  • [when cadet Seeger fails to climb wall] You're one of those girls who couldn't get enough of daddy's attention because he really wanted a son...That's right, walk around, Sugar Britches!
  • [After a trainee at attention tells him he comes from Tucson, Arizona] There are only two things come out of Arizona. they are steers and queers."

Others

  • Sid Worley: Look, Zack. It's them. Holy shit. Look at them bodacious set of ta's ta's.
  • Paula Porkrifki: You know something, you ain't nothing special. You got no manners, you treat women like whores, and if you ask me, you got ne chance of being no officer.
  • Lynette Pomeroy: [last lines] Way to go, Paula! Way to go!

Dialogue

[first lines]
Zack Mayo: [whispered to his sleeping father] Hey.
[flashback to Manila]
Byron Mayo: Hey, kid. Are you Zack?
Young Zack Mayo: Yes, sir.
Byron Mayo: I'm Byron; nice to meet you.
Young Zack Mayo: Yes, sir.

Byron Mayo: I'm out at sea three weeks out of every month, and when I'm back at port, I don't have time for this daddy stuff, 'cause that's not who I am.
Young Zack Mayo: That's okay, sir.
Byron: Wait a second, kid, you don't understand. I'm too old for this. I don't care what the Navy says. This is no place to bring up a kid like I told you on the telephone. You're better of at that state school back at Virginia.
Young Zack: I'm never going back there. They treat me like shit.
Byron: Maybe that's not for you to say. Goddamnit, don't look at me that way. What happened to your mother had nothing to do with me.
Young Zack: It did. You said you were gonna come back. You promised.
Byron: Is that what she said? That's a female lie. That's bullshit! That a lie!
Young Zack: I found your letters. I read them right after she did it. You said you were gonna come back for us. You said you loved her, and she believed you. You're a liar!

Subic Street Thug: Akin na pera mo! ["Give me your money!" in Tagalog]
Young Zack Mayo: But I have no money!
Subic Street Thug: Bullshit! [punches Mayo in the face. Thugs take Mayo's wallet]

GySgt. Emil Foley: [looks at Mayo's tattoo] Where'd you get this tattoo?
Zack Mayo: Subic Bay, Philippines, sir.
GySgt. Emil Foley: I thought I recognized that work. Be proud of those wings. They're the only one you're leaving here with, Mayo-NAISE.

Topper Daniels: Who the hell is that guy?
Perryman: That's you momma and daddy for the next thirteen weeks.

Paula Pokrifki: Zack, when you're through with a girl, what do you do? Do you you say something or do you just...disappear?
Zack Mayo: I never had a girl.

GySgt. Emil Foley: Mayo, I want your D.O.R.
Zack Mayo: No, sir. You can kick me outta here, but I ain't quitting.
GySgt. Emil Foley: Get into your fatigues, Mayo. By the end of this weekend, you'll quit.

GySgt. Emil Foley: You can forget it! You're out!
Zack Mayo: Don't you do it! Don't! You... I got nowhere else to go! I got nowhere else to g... I got nothin' else.

Zack Mayo: You didn't kick him out, did you? Wait, sir! Didn't he tell you what he's been going through?
GySgt. Emil Foley: It doesn't matter what he's been going through; that's what bartenders are for. What does matter is that he freaked out for some reason at twenty-five thousand feet, and that can happen. Period.
Zack Mayo: There's this girl that he's gotten pregnant, and she's putting him through hell, sir.
Sid Worley: He's right, Zack. It doesn't matter.
Zack Mayo: Just like that? It's all over? With less than two weeks to go, you're out?
GySgt Emil Foley: It can still happen to you too, Mayo-naise.
Zack Mayo: I am talking to you, motherfucker!
GySgt. Emil Foley: What did you call me?

Sid Worley: Lynette, marry me. Make me the happiest man in the whole world.
Lynette Pomeroy: I'm sorry, Sid, but I don't wanna marry you. I really like you. We've had ourselves some really great times, but I thought you understood. I want to marry a pilot. I want to live my life overseas. The wife of an aviator...[bitterly] Damn you! Goddamn you! Nobody DOR's after 11 weeks! NOBODY!

Zack Mayo: Sir, this officer candidate request permission to see you in private... sir.
GySgt. Emil Foley: [gently] Mayo, the whole class already knows about Candidate Worley, and we're sorry.
Zack Mayo: Oh, I'm sure you are.

[upon graduation]
GySgt. Emil Foley: Congratulations, Ensign Seegar.
Casey Seegar: Thank you, sir.
GySgt. Emil Foley: Gunnery Sgt, Ensign Seegar, sir.

[upon graduation]
GySgt. Emil Foley: Congratulations, Ensign Mayo.
Zack Mayo: Thank you, sir.
GySgt. Emil Foley: Gunnery Sgt, Ensign Mayo, sir. [salutes]
Zack Mayo: I'll never forget you.
GySgt. Emil Foley: [with a straight face] Get the hell out of here.

Taglines

  • Life gave him nothing, except the courage to win... and a woman to love.
  • It will lift you up where you belong.

Cast

Actor Role
Richard Gere Zack Mayo
Debra Winger Paula Pokrifki
David Keith Sid Worley
Robert Loggia Byron Mayo
Lisa Blount Lynette Pomeroy
Lisa Elibacher Casey Seegar
Louis Gossett, Jr. GySgt. Emil Foley
Tony Plana Emiliano Della Serra
Harold Sylvester Perryman
David Caruso Topper Daniels
Victor French Joe Pokrifki
Grace Zabriskie Esther Pokrifki
Ed Begley, Jr. Altitude Chamber Instructor (voice)

External links

Wikipedia
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