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.Anarchism is a political philosophy which considers the state undesirable, unnecessary and harmful, and instead promotes a stateless society, or anarchy.^ A society cannot continue in a state of moral anarchy.
  • A Republic, If You Can Keep It 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ And the only life which is better than the life of political ambition is that of philosophy, which is also the best preparation for the government of a State.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Today it is considered morally right and politically correct to promote the welfare state.
  • A Republic, If You Can Keep It 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

[1][2] It seeks to diminish or even abolish authority in the conduct of human relations.[3] Anarchists may widely disagree on what additional criteria are required in anarchism. The Oxford Companion to Philosophy says, "there is no single defining position that all anarchists hold, and those considered anarchists at best share a certain family resemblance."[4]
.There are many types and traditions of anarchism, not all of which are mutually exclusive.^ Doubtlessly there are many other fusions between anarchism and progressive causes, and more spring up as new concerns develop.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Then the Interpreter placed on the ground before them the samples of lives; and there were many more lives than the souls present, and they were of all sorts.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He then placed on the ground before them the samples of lives, many more than the souls present; and there were all sorts of lives, of men and of animals.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

[5] .Strains of anarchism have been divided into the categories of social and individualist anarchism or similar dual classifications.^ Noncooperation is divided into three sub-categories: (a) social noncooperation (16 methods), (b) economic noncooperation, including boycotts (26 methods) and strikes (23 methods), and political noncooperation (38 methods).
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

[6][7] .Anarchism is often considered to be a radical left-wing ideology,[8][9] and much of anarchist economics and anarchist legal philosophy reflect anti-statist interpretations of communism, collectivism, syndicalism or participatory economics.^ So if Kirk were to expand his attack on anarchism to encompass the left-anarchists as well, he might acquit them of these two charges.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Pivotal anarchist/anti-fascist in the Italian community in Australia, led the 1934 Canecutters' strike.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To the left-anarchist, the society envisaged by the anarcho- capitalists often seems far worse than what we have now.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.However, anarchism has always included an individualist strain [10] supporting a market economy and private property, or morally unrestrained egoism.^ But more importantly, if left unchecked this approach will destroy liberty by undermining the concept of private property ownership and free markets, the bedrock of economic prosperity.
  • A Republic, If You Can Keep It 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ There are more intellectual think tanks than ever before promoting the market economy, private property ownership, and personal liberty.
  • A Republic, If You Can Keep It 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The individualist anarchists are inclined to maintain private property as a necessary condition of individual independence, without fully answering the question of how property could be maintained without courts and police.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

[8][11]
.Others, such as panarchists and anarchists without adjectives, neither advocate nor object to any particular form of organization as long as it is not compulsory.^ The answer is, that such ideals are framed partly by the omission of particulars, partly by imagination perfecting the form which experience supplies (Phaedo, 74).
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ To secure such an exchange was, as you will remember, one of our principal objects when we formed them into a society and constituted a State.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This is only one form of anarchist action, the others being the dueling twins of "liberal" style social action and more militant insurrection activities.
  • ANARCHY.NET - Intelligent Anarchism for a Post-Globalist Future 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.anarchy.net [Source type: Original source]

.Differing fundamentally, some anarchist schools of thought support anything from extreme individualism to complete collectivism.^ While few left-anarchists are familiar with the experimental economics literature, it offers some support for this general approach.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ I live in the South and his attitude is almost identical to some of the extreme fundamentalist Baptists around here except the subject of their orthodoxy is different.
  • Zombietime: Obama "science czar" is a totalitarian crank 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC minx.cc [Source type: General]

^ The "Manifeste des Seize" (Manifesto of the Sixteen) issued by some 15 anarchists ( Peter Kropotkin , Jean Grave , et al) in support of the allies.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2] .The central tendency of anarchism as a social movement has been represented by communist anarchism, with individualist anarchism being primarily a philosophical or literary phenomenon.^ In Carl Landauer's European Socialism: A History of Ideas and Movements (published in 1959 before any important modern anarcho-capitalist works had been written), this great socialist historian notes that: To be sure, there is a difference between individualistic anarchism and collectivistic or communistic anarchism; Bakunin called himself a communist anarchist.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Best represented by Robert Paul Wolff, philosophical anarchism simply denies that the state's orders as such can confer any legitimacy whatever.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ He saw support to the oppressed peoples as essential to socialist countries and to Communist Parties in the capitalist countries if they are to continue to represent the interests of the proletariat and socialism.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

[12] .Some anarchists fundamentally oppose all forms of aggression, supporting self-defense or non-violence, while others have supported the use of some coercive measures, including violent revolution and terrorism, on the path to an anarchist society.^ But anarchists have a more instrumental reason to oppose the use of violence.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ To some, all of these are merely other forms of oppression and domination.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ All just wars support each other....
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

[13]

Contents

Etymology and terminology

The term anarchism derives from the Greek ἄναρχος, anarchos, meaning "without rulers",[14][15] from the prefix ἀν- (an-, "without") + ἀρχή (archê, "sovereignty, realm, magistracy")[16] + -ισμός (-ismos, from the suffix -ιζειν, -izein "-izing"). .There is some ambiguity with the use of the terms "libertarianism" and "libertarian" in writings about anarchism.^ Illustration of the argument from the use of language about correlative terms.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Why would they write about, talk about, or openly promote a New World Order, if there is no such thing?

^ I do not say that these horrible stories may not have a use of some kind; but there is a danger that the nerves of our guardians may be rendered too excitable and effeminate by them.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.Since the 1890s from France,[17] the term "libertarianism" has often been used as a synonym for anarchism and was used almost exclusively in this sense until the 1950s in the United States;[18] its use as a synonym is still common outside the United States.^ The contemporaries of Plato were in a state of transition, and had not yet fully realized the common-sense distinction of Aristotle, that ‘virtue is concerned with action, art with production’ (Nic.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They adopted the term "anarcho-capitalism" to differentiate themselves from more moderate libertarianism, but were still generally happy to identify themselves with the broader free-market libertarian movement.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The common term under which, through the accidental use of language, two entirely different ideas were included was another source of confusion.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

[19] .Accordingly, "libertarian socialism" is sometimes used as a synonym for socialist anarchism,[20][21] to distinguish it from "individualist libertarianism" (individualist anarchism).^ The symbol was used as alphabetical symbolism for socialism, and adopted later by German socialists as their flag symbol.
  • Why Nazism Was Socialism and Why Socialism Is Totalitarian - George Reisman - Mises Economics Blog 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC blog.mises.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Chris Pallis) (1922-2005) British libertarian socialist, distinguished neuro-surgeon, writer, translator & mainstay in the London Solidarity group.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ US: Emma Goldman lectures in Los Angeles (April 28-May 2); she debates socialist Kaspar Bauer on the question of "Socialism vs Anarchism."
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

On the other hand, some use "libertarianism" to refer to individualistic free-market philosophy only, referring to free-market anarchism as "libertarian anarchism."[22][23]

Origins

.Some claim anarchist themes can be found in the works of Taoist sages Laozi[24] and Zhuangzi.^ Unlike some left-anarchists, the anarcho-capitalist has no objection to punishing criminals; and he finds the former's claim that punishment does not deter crime to be the height of naivete.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Anarchism may or may not work - if you actually read and understood what I posted (apparently not) you will find that I never claimed it would, I merely said I had some anarchistic tendencies but wasn't dogmatic about it.
  • Gore Vidal: ‘We’ll Have a Dictatorship Soon in the US’ | CommonDreams.org 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

^ More comprehensive listings of anarchist figures may be found in a number of broad historical works listed later in the FAQ. How would left-anarchy work?
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The latter has been translated, "There has been such a thing as letting mankind alone; there has never been such a thing as governing mankind [with success]," and "A petty thief is put in jail.^ The issue is that there is no such thing as a small government.
  • The Totalitarian Temptation and all that — Crooked Timber 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC crookedtimber.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no such thing as small government.
  • The Totalitarian Temptation and all that — Crooked Timber 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC crookedtimber.org [Source type: Original source]

^ What was President G.H.W. Bush talking about, if there is no such thing as an emerging New World Order?

A great brigand becomes a ruler of a Nation."
[25] Diogenes of Sinope and the Cynics, and their contemporary Zeno of Citium, the founder of Stoicism, also introduced similar topics.[24][26]
William Godwin, "the first to formulate the political and economical conceptions of anarchism, even though he did not give that name to the ideas developed in his work",[24]
.Modern anarchism, however, sprang from the secular or religious thought of the Enlightenment, particularly Jean-Jacques Rousseau's arguments for the moral centrality of freedom.^ What I have argued, in direct response to your characterization of religious conservative claims, is that the right of religious freedom , specifically, is not a right to use public power to enforce moral/religious views.
  • The Totalitarian Temptation and all that — Crooked Timber 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC crookedtimber.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We must, however, turn away from a European Union as it is currently developing with its centralization, its anti democratic tendencies, and its restrictions on our freedom of speech and our freedom to preach as Christians.
  • L. Gassmann Europe - a dictatorship 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.l-gassmann.de [Source type: Original source]

^ Your characterisation of religious conservative argument therefore – valuably – reveals that religious conservatives are either confused about what religious freedom is, or dishonest in their arguments about how public power should be used.
  • The Totalitarian Temptation and all that — Crooked Timber 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC crookedtimber.org [Source type: Original source]

[27] .Although by the turn of the 19th century the term "anarchist" had lost its initial negative connotation,[28] it first entered the English language in 1642 during the English Civil War as a term of abuse used by Royalists to damn those who were fomenting disorder.^ Kropotkin was one of those in open favor of the Allies during WWI, who signed the Manifeste de seize (Manifesto of the Sixteen) along with 14 others.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Illustration of the argument from the use of language about correlative terms.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The common term under which, through the accidental use of language, two entirely different ideas were included was another source of confusion.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

[28] .By the time of the French Revolution some, such as the Enragés, began to use the term positively,[29] in opposition to Jacobin centralisation of power, seeing "revolutionary government" as oxymoronic.^ The power hierarchy of the dictatorship is always unstable to some degree, and at times extremely so.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Why don't you come down to the Berkeley City Council meetings some time to see how well that's been working out for us.

^ U.S government thinks it's the boss in charge, well last time I checked, it was the people that are supposed to hold power in a democracy.
  • ANARCHY.NET - Intelligent Anarchism for a Post-Globalist Future 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.anarchy.net [Source type: Original source]

[28]
.From this climate William Godwin developed what many consider the first expression of modern anarchist thought.^ First: the development of socialism had to follow a particular historical course, whereas the anarchists mistakenly believed that it could be created by force of will alone.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Founded by Varban Kilifarski , it represents the largest diffusion of anarchist & anarcho-syndicalist thought in the country before the First World War.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Berkman remained in prison for many years & his book Prison Memoirs of an Anarchist , is now considered one of the masterpieces of prison literature.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[30] .Godwin was, according to Peter Kropotkin, "the first to formulate the political and economical conceptions of anarchism, even though he did not give that name to the ideas developed in his work",[24] while Godwin attached his anarchist ideas to an early Edmund Burke.^ Where do they develop the ability to work with ideas?
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Czech lawyer/novelist whose anarchist influences & ideas provide an aesthetic (rather than political) embodiment.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The concept of an independent, objective reality was an assumption of the modern age that could not be sustained in the face of the technological and economic developments of the late twentieth century."
  • Creators of the atomic bomb: debasing nuclear power into a totalitarian order in the new world 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.heaven-words.com [Source type: Original source]

[31] Benjamin Tucker instead credits Josiah Warren, an American who promoted stateless and voluntary communities where all goods and services were private, with being "the first man to expound and formulate the doctrine now known as Anarchism."[32] The first to describe himself as an anarchist was Pierre-Joseph Proudhon,[28] a French philosopher and politician, which led some to call him the founder of modern anarchist theory.[33]

Social movement

.Anarchism as a social movement has regularly endured fluctuations in popularity.^ One popular argument for anarchism is that it is the only way for true socialism to exist.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Its classical period, which scholars demarcate as from 1860 to 1939, is associated with the working-class movements of the nineteenth century and the Spanish Civil War-era struggles against fascism.^ As always, a vital part of the struggle against fascism was the struggle against its servants within the working class movement.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The national bourgeois class remained a fairly reliable ally of the CPC and the Chinese people throughout the struggle against Japanese fascism.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Chinese people were prepared not for struggle against the national bourgeoisie and for the establishment of socialism in China but for co-existence with the national bourgeoisie, a powerful, anti-socialist class.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

[34] .Anarchists were heavily involved in the abolition of slavery, and continue to be active in the labour movement, civil rights, women's liberation, both anti-capitalism and pro-capitalism[11] (with varying definitions of capitalism), the anti-war movement, LGBT rights, both anti-globalization and pro-globalization (with varying definitions of globalization), tax resistance, and other areas.^ The Cultural Revolution line on the Vietnamese liberation war is that the Vietnamese people should continue to fight indefinitely without support from the other oppressed nations, without active and all-out support from People's China and without an ideological and organizational break with Soviet Revisionism.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And you have ignored the fact that all of the other States caught in the same situation as CA is now are doing both--cutting spending and raising taxes.

^ Although the anarchist movement dwindled in the US, Solomon remained involved long enough to figure in its modest revival in the 1990s as a mentor to a young generation of activists.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The First International

.
Collectivist anarchist Mikhail Bakunin opposed the Marxist aim of dictatorship of the proletariat in favour of universal rebellion, and allied himself with the federalists in the First International before his expulsion by the Marxists.
^ Anarchist militant & historian of the First International.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is on this point that most left-anarchists reasonably claim complete vindication; just as Bakunin predicted, the Marxist "dictatorship of the proletariat" swiftly became a ruthless "dictatorship over the proletariat."
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Thomas Paine, Common Sense They [the Marxists] maintain that only a dictatorship -- their dictatorship, of course -- can create the will of the people, while our answer to this is: No dictatorship can have any other aim but that of self-perpetuation, and it can beget only slavery in the people tolerating it; freedom can be created only by freedom, that is, by a universal rebellion on the part of the people and free organization of the toiling masses from the bottom up.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

[28]
.In Europe, harsh reaction followed the revolutions of 1848, during which ten countries had experienced brief or long-term social upheaval as groups carried out nationalist uprisings.^ In other words, nobody else there wanted to carry out the Cultural Revolution at the start.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Since the Soviet Union was the first socialist country, and since the bourgeoisie becomes ten times more dangerous after the revolution, it is not surprising that Trotsky was produced there.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Cultural Revolution is following the Khrushchev and 81 Party Statement line that class contradictions have ceased to exist in socialist countries.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

.After most of these attempts at systematic change ended in failure, conservative elements took advantage of the divided groups of socialists, anarchists, liberals, and nationalists, to prevent further revolt.^ But his attempts had ended in dismal failure.

^ When the Communists realized that these groups had changed the power realities, Solidarity was again banned and the Communists resorted to military rule.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ These involve the end of the era of cheap oil and the related phenomenon of global climate change .

[35] .In 1864 the International Workingmen's Association (sometimes called the "First International") united diverse revolutionary currents including French followers of Proudhon,[36] Blanquists, Philadelphes, English trade unionists, socialists and social democrats.^ French anarchist, trade unionist & pacifist.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A socialist, trade unionist, then mutualist & anarchist.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Emma's efforts to speak before a wide variety of trade unions, philosophical & social societies, & women's clubs, are aided by Max Baginski & other German comrades; the International Workingmen's Association (IWA) helps her organize English lectures.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Due to its links to active workers' movements, the International became a significant organization.^ Russian-American anarchist, active in the anarchist group in the International Ladies Garment Workers Union, part of the Modern School , married to Mendel, mother of Abe.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In his youthful, formative years, Picasso was politically linked with the international anarchist movement, & his art often betrayed this.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Italian anarchist, active in workers struggles in Italy, France, Portugal, Spain, England & US. Powerful speaker, led efforts to organize Italian textile workers.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Karl Marx became a leading figure in the International and a member of its General Council. .Proudhon's followers, the mutualists, opposed Marx's state socialism, advocating political abstentionism and small property holdings.^ Many countries today are in a state of rapid economic, political, and social change.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ So this is what Marx discovered: You have highly socialized production, but very privatized appropriation by a small class of people called capitalists.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ His origin is as follows:—His father is a good man dwelling in an ill-ordered State, who has retired from politics in order that he may lead a quiet life.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

[37][38]
.In 1868, following their unsuccessful participation in the League of Peace and Freedom (LPF), Russian revolutionary Mikhail Bakunin and his collectivist anarchist associates and joined the First International (which had decided not to get involved with the LPF).^ Anarchist militant & historian of the First International.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Swiss-born anarchist, militant of the First International, propagandiste bakouniniste & cartographer.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first step necessarily involves partial surrender of sovereignty to an international organization.” .
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

[39] .They allied themselves with the federalist socialist sections of the International,[40] who advocated the revolutionary overthrow of the state and the collectivization of property.^ All they had done was damage to Iran (including overthrowing Mosaddegh, the respected national leader in 1953, replacing him with Shah, the ex-king, who was their puppet).
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They should feel proud of themselves and of all who struggled with them to win political freedom.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Every State has subjects and rulers, who in a democracy are called rulers, and in other States masters: but in our State they are called saviours and allies; and the subjects who in other States are termed slaves, are by us termed nurturers and paymasters, and those who are termed comrades and colleagues in other places, are by us called fathers and brothers.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.At first, the collectivists worked with the Marxists to push the First International in a more revolutionary socialist direction.^ Since the Soviet Union was the first socialist country, and since the bourgeoisie becomes ten times more dangerous after the revolution, it is not surprising that Trotsky was produced there.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Trotsky was the outstanding representative of the national bourgeoisie of the socialist countries at work within the international Marxist-Leninist movement in service of imperialism.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

^ French revolutionary, member of the First International, of the Paris Commune , & a founder of the anarchist Jura Federation .
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Subsequently, the International became polarised into two camps, with Marx and Bakunin as their respective figureheads.[41] .Bakunin characterised Marx's ideas as centralist and predicted that, if a Marxist party came to power, its leaders would simply take the place of the ruling class they had fought against.^ Did they take place?
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hope people are not so demoralized and cynical that they simply don’t vote against BushCo.
  • Firedoglake » Late Nite FDL: Can We Call It a Dictatorship Yet? 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And how, in a democratic society, would such forcing take place anyway—is that also somewhere in the details that I missed?
  • The Totalitarian Temptation and all that — Crooked Timber 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC crookedtimber.org [Source type: Original source]

[42][43]
.In 1872, the conflict climaxed with a final split between the two groups at the Hague Congress, where Bakunin and James Guillaume were expelled from the International and its headquarters were transferred to New York.^ It was to point out that the logic behind the conservative concerns were not hypocritical if viewed as a conflict between two separate sets of rights.
  • The Totalitarian Temptation and all that — Crooked Timber 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC crookedtimber.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Part of an Uruguayan group, with Eugen Relgis, Gerald Gatti, et al, safeguarding anarchist files sent from Europe during WWII. GUILLAUME, James .
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The state-run company will split the difference between the two foreign contestants by ordering 22 each from Boeing and Airbus.
  • Dictatorship of the Air » Avia-Corner 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC dictatorshipoftheair.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In response, the federalist sections formed their own International at the St. Imier Congress, adopting a revolutionary anarchist program.[44]

Organised labour

.The anti-authoritarian sections of the First International were the precursors of the anarcho-syndicalists, seeking to "replace the privilege and authority of the State" with the "free and spontaneous organization of labor."^ Anarchist & anarcho-syndicalist, free thinker.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anarcho-syndicalist, labor organizer, companion of Rudolf Rocker.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anarcho-syndicalist, labor organizer, author, companion of Milly Witkop.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[45] .In 1886, the Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions (FOTLU) of the United States and Canada unanimously set 1 May 1886, as the date by which the eight-hour work day would become standard.^ The European Union may not constitute a state in itself, but only a federation of states.
  • L. Gassmann Europe - a dictatorship 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.l-gassmann.de [Source type: Original source]

^ The protesters staged their demonstration to coincide with the G8 summit at Strelna where the leaders of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, the United Kingdom, the United States and the European Union wound up their three day meeting today.

^ The organization of the Solidarity trade union with its power to wield effective strikes forced its own legalization in 1980.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

[46]
.In response, unions across America prepared a general strike in support of the event.^ January 27th : A general strike is called by the UGT and CCOO trades unions in protest at new labour regulations.
  • Spain: Dictatorship to Democracy and After 1975–2007 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC nick.frejol.org [Source type: General]

^ June 20th : A general strike is called by the trade unions in protest at the government's reforms of the social security system.
  • Spain: Dictatorship to Democracy and After 1975–2007 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC nick.frejol.org [Source type: General]

^ Although this work has greatly benefited from such kind and generous support, the analysis and conclusions contained therein are my responsibility.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

[46] .On 3 May, in Chicago, a fight broke out when strikebreakers attempted to cross the picket line, and two workers died when police opened fire upon the crowd.^ This follows a hard won battle; police attacked pickets & a July battle prompted the Wobblies to take charge, & on August 23rd 11 people were killed when a deputy opened fire on strikers on a streetcar.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The police, always protecting the rights of free speech, warn her against speaking out against conscription when she begins to urge mothers to prevent their sons from fighting in the war.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The two boat bridges which they had built to cross the Rhodanus ( Rhone ) broke as the stampeding Gallic army sought to cross them.

[47] .The next day, 4 May, anarchists staged a rally at Chicago's Haymarket Square.^ German-American anarchist & labor union activist, Chicago Haymarket Martyr, tried & executed.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ US: 19th anniversary commemoration of the Chicago Haymarket anarchist martyrs, organized by the Freiheit Publishing Association.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But also, several hundred ethnic Hawaiians demanding tens of millions of dollars for the Office of Hawaiian Affairs staged a noisy rally at the Legislature on opening day.
  • Was the 1893 overthrow of the monarchy illegal? Was it a theft of a nation owned by kanaka maoli and stolen by non-kanaka maoli? 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Original source]

[48] A bomb was thrown by an unknown party near the conclusion of the rally, killing an officer.[49] .In the ensuing panic, police opened fire on the crowd and each other.^ Italy: At the end of a meeting in Ancone, where Errico Malatesta appears, police open fire, killing three people & wounding about 20.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Argentina: Police open fire on a Federacin Regional Obrera Argentina (FORA; previously FOA) demonstration, killing several activists.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Police draw their guns & open fire, killing four & wounding 17.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[50] .Seven police officers and at least four workers were killed.^ In fear of a larger demonstration, the consulate was closed to visitors, part of the street was cordoned off, and at least 10 police officers guarded the area near the entrance.

^ "Simn (Szymon) Radowicki kills colonel Falcn, the chief of Buenos Aires police that ordered the massacre of workers demonstrating on May Day ..."
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Police draw their guns & open fire, killing four & wounding 17.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[51] .Eight anarchists directly and indirectly related to the organisers of the rally were arrested and charged with the murder of the deceased officer.^ He is currently being held in Pakistan on charges relating to Pearl’s murder.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Those in charge of the wagon resisted the attempt of the officers to arrest them.
  • Was the 1893 overthrow of the monarchy illegal? Was it a theft of a nation owned by kanaka maoli and stolen by non-kanaka maoli? 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Original source]

.The men became international political celebrities among the labour movement.^ In his youthful, formative years, Picasso was politically linked with the international anarchist movement, & his art often betrayed this.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Four of the men were executed and a fifth committed suicide prior to his own execution. .The incident became known as the Haymarket affair, and was a setback for the labour movement and the struggle for the eight hour day.^ Her lecture on "The Eight-Hour Struggle & the Condition of the Miners of the Whole World" is especially well received.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1890 a second attempt, this time international in scope, to organise for the eight hour day was made.^ The second is mandating that every school in america spend an hour each day teaching kids that taxes are unamerican, complete with video’s produced by the RNC .
  • The Totalitarian Temptation and all that — Crooked Timber 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC crookedtimber.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He could have made the world in a second so why is it impossible for Him to make it in six days?
  • L. Gassmann Europe - a dictatorship 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.l-gassmann.de [Source type: Original source]

^ At the same time, Lenin and the Bolshevik Party under his leadership were developing a scientific analysis of imperialism in opposition to the revisionist line of the Second International.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

The event also had the secondary purpose of memorializing workers killed as a result of the Haymarket affair.[52] .Although it had initially been conceived as a once-off event, by the following year the celebration of International Workers' Day on May Day had become firmly established as an international worker's holiday.^ The previous sciences must first be studied, and will, we may add, continue to be studied till the end of time, although in a sense different from any which Plato could have conceived.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Once the restraining force of internal and international opposition has been removed, dictators may even make their oppression and violence more brutal than before.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Had he in his lifetime friends who loved to associate with him, and who handed down to posterity an Homeric way of life, such as was established by Pythagoras who was so greatly beloved for his wisdom, and whose followers are to this day quite celebrated for the order which was named after him?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

[46]
Propaganda poster by the Spanish anarcho-syndicalist trade union Confederación Nacional del Trabajo
.In 1907, the International Anarchist Congress of Amsterdam gathered delegates from 14 different countries, among which important figures of the anarchist movement, including Errico Malatesta, Pierre Monatte, Luigi Fabbri, Benoît Broutchoux, Emma Goldman, Rudolf Rocker, and Christiaan Cornelissen.^ An important anarchist in the Whitehall scene & close associate of Rudolf Rocker.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Attended 1907 Amsterdam Anarchist Congress .
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ American anarchist, long-time friend & lover of Emma Goldman .
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Various themes were treated during the Congress, in particular concerning the organisation of the anarchist movement, popular education issues, the general strike or antimilitarism.^ Although the anarchist movement dwindled in the US, Solomon remained involved long enough to figure in its modest revival in the 1990s as a mentor to a young generation of activists.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Italy: Angelo Galli (?-1904) was an Italian anarchist killed by police during a general strike in Milan in 1904.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ War Minister General Araki wasn’t interested or concerned about fiscal issues.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

.A central debate concerned the relation between anarchism and syndicalism (or trade unionism).^ Doubtlessly there are many other fusions between anarchism and progressive causes, and more spring up as new concerns develop.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Malatesta and Monatte were in particular disagreement themselves on this issue, as the latter thought that syndicalism was revolutionary and would create the conditions of a social revolution, while Malatesta did not consider syndicalism by itself sufficient.^ First: the development of socialism had to follow a particular historical course, whereas the anarchists mistakenly believed that it could be created by force of will alone.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ And what about 598 the painter?—I would like to know whether he may be thought to imitate that which originally exists in nature, or only the creations of artists?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ However, the Cultural Revolution leaders put forth the concept of Maos Thought as the criteria for whether or not one is a revolutionary.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

[53] .He thought that the trade-union movement was reformist and even conservative, citing as essentially bourgeois and anti-worker the phenomenon of professional union officials.^ This is because unions and other workers organizations represent the general interests of the working class as a whole, making their involvement imperative if the movement is to succeed.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This was the idea that all workers, regardless of trade, should be in 'one big union' & use whatever methods were necessary to win their battles with the bosses.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Il Libertario" is a vital part of the Italian trade union movement & agitation at the beginning of the century, in the debates over WWI & during the upheavals of 1919-1921.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Malatesta warned that the syndicalists aims were in perpetuating syndicalism itself, whereas anarchists must always have anarchy as their end and consequently refrain from committing to any particular method of achieving it.^ The main aim of US imperialism following World War II was to achieve complete control over the oppressed nations to ensure for itself ever-increasing profits from the oppressed peoples.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And if our youth are to do their work in life, must they not make these graces and harmonies their perpetual aim?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ First: the development of socialism had to follow a particular historical course, whereas the anarchists mistakenly believed that it could be created by force of will alone.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

[54]
.The Spanish Workers Federation in 1881 was the first major anarcho-syndicalist movement; anarchist trade union federations were of special importance in Spain.^ Spanish-Mexican anarcho-syndicalist.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Spanish teacher & militant anarcho-syndicalist.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Spanish anarcho-syndicalist, author & propagandist.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The most successful was the Confederación Nacional del Trabajo (National Confederation of Labour: CNT), founded in 1910. Before the 1940s, the CNT was the major force in Spanish working class politics, attracting 1.58 million members at one point and playing a major role in the Spanish Civil War.^ Fact: U.S. military forces played no role in the overthrow.
  • Was the 1893 overthrow of the monarchy illegal? Was it a theft of a nation owned by kanaka maoli and stolen by non-kanaka maoli? 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Original source]

^ All the countries that have it and have resolved crisis with that: ^ http://countrystudies.us/spain/22.htm De Menses, Filipe Ribeiro Franco and the Spanish Civil War, p.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

^ That was one of the big disputes, one of the big conflicts that led to the Civil War.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

[55] .The CNT was affiliated with the International Workers Association, a federation of anarcho-syndicalist trade unions founded in 1922, with delegates representing two million workers from 15 countries in Europe and Latin America.^ Anarchist workers & anarcho-syndicalists held 12 sessions at Centro Cosmopolita, debating 24 items with the presence of 117 delegates from eight states, including two state federacies, five local federacies, 52 unions & four libertarian periodicals.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While the politicos in Brazil & Argentina threaten war between the two countries, worker's organizations & anarcho-syndicalists of these two Latin American countries express their cross-border solidarity, & jointly organize a day of protest against the possibility of a conflict.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is the biggest strike Britain has ever seen to date; according to the Board of Trade over a million workers were involved.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The largest organised anarchist movement today is in Spain, in the form of the Confederación General del Trabajo (CGT) and the CNT.^ The anarchist publication "Tiempos Nuevos" first appears today in Gijn, Spain.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although the anarchist movement dwindled in the US, Solomon remained involved long enough to figure in its modest revival in the 1990s as a mentor to a young generation of activists.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ronald Fraser's discussion of the ideology of the Spanish Anarchists (historically the largest European anarchist movement) strongly undermines Wetzel's claim, however.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.CGT membership was estimated to be around 100,000 for the year 2003.[56] Other active syndicalist movements include the US Workers Solidarity Alliance and the UK Solidarity Federation.^ French communist, typographer, active in syndicalist movement in his later years.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In this time, we need solidarity from other movements .

^ The anarchists in Solidaridad Obrera (a regional federation embracing 112 labor syndicates throughout Catalonia with a membership of 25,000 workers) were anarcho-syndicalists who believed in operating within large labor movements...
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The revolutionary industrial unionist Industrial Workers of the World, claiming 2,000 paying members, and the International Workers Association, an anarcho-syndicalist successor to the First International, also remain active.^ Russian-American anarchist, active in the anarchist group in the International Ladies Garment Workers Union, part of the Modern School , married to Mendel, mother of Abe.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the time the ITGWU was set up he was in America where, along with fellow-Irishman Patrick Quinlan, he formed a branch of the syndicalist Industrial Workers of the World in Newark, New Jersey.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ British anarchist syndicalist, edited the "Industrial Unionist," founder of the Industrialist League.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Propaganda of the deed

Propaganda poster depicting an angel protecting against a bomb-throwing, knife-wielding activist: propaganda of the deed was widely viewed negatively
Some anarchists, such as Johann Most, advocated publicizing violent acts of retaliation against counter-revolutionaries because "we preach not only action in and for itself, but also action as propaganda."[57] By the 1880s, the slogan "propaganda of the deed" had begun to be used both within and outside of the anarchist movement to refer to individual bombings, regicides and tyrannicides. .However, as soon as 1887, important figures in the anarchist movement distanced themselves from such individual acts.^ Although the anarchist movement dwindled in the US, Solomon remained involved long enough to figure in its modest revival in the 1990s as a mentor to a young generation of activists.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ronald Fraser's discussion of the ideology of the Spanish Anarchists (historically the largest European anarchist movement) strongly undermines Wetzel's claim, however.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ However, in the absence of a strong internal resistance movement such actions by others are unlikely to happen.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

.Peter Kropotkin thus wrote that year in Le Révolté that "a structure based on centuries of history cannot be destroyed with a few kilos of dynamite".[58] A variety of anarchists advocated the abandonment of these sorts of tactics in favor of collective revolutionary action, for example through the trade union movement.^ For example, despite a popular claim that socialism and anarchism have been inextricably linked since the inception of the anarchist movement, many 19th-century anarchists, not only Americans such as Tucker and Spooner, but even Europeans like Proudhon, were ardently in favor of private property (merely believing that some existing sorts of property were illegitimate, without opposing private property as such).
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ A trade union militant & anarchist, she attempted to kill Leon Daudet (January 1923), a notorious rightwing extremist/propagandist of l'Action Franaise.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Society cannot exist if the majority is not ready to hinder, by the application or threat of violent action, minorities from destroying the social order.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

The anarcho-syndicalist, Fernand Pelloutier, argued in 1895 for renewed anarchist involvement in the labor movement on the basis that anarchism could do very well without "the individual dynamiter."[3]
.State repression (including the infamous 1894 French lois scélérates) of the anarchist and labor movements following the few successful bombings and assassinations may have contributed to the abandonment of these kinds of tactics, although reciprocally state repression, in the first place, may have played a role in these isolated acts.^ French anarchist, labor militant, & antimilitarist.
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^ First Chilean anarchist, labor militant.
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^ For Havel, see the Daily Bleed , March 13, 1950 French police files reveal that Emma's movements were closely followed when she visited Paris at the turn of the century in part because the French authorities mistakenly suspected that as a prominent anarchist she played a role in Gaetano Bresci 's assassination of King Umberto of Italy.
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.The dismemberment of the French socialist movement, into many groups and, following the suppression of the 1871 Paris Commune, the execution and exile of many communards to penal colonies, favored individualist political expression and acts.^ Many followers of the Gracchi are executed.

^ And one of the things they did in the Paris Commune was that all officials were elected by direct popular vote, and could be recalled by direct expression of the masses in a popular referendum.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Italian anarchist involved in the Paris Commune, & a friend of Lissagaray, Cipriani was condemned to death for his role in the Paris Commune, but sent to a prison colony at New Caledonia.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[59]
.Numerous heads of state were assassinated between 1881 and 1914 by members of the anarchist movement.^ He has been in prison since 1895 for assassinating the editor of "Il Telegrafo," whose articles resulted in the repression & arrest of numerous anarchists.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1912 the youthful Will Durant headed the anarchist Modern School , which became one of the most important centers of the Radical movement in New York.
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^ Italian anarchist, member of the Ortiz column in the Spanish Revolution, & the underground movement after the fascist Franco became dictator.
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.For example, U.S. President McKinley's assassin Leon Czolgosz claimed to have been influenced by anarchist and feminist Emma Goldman.^ US: Emma Goldman arrested in alleged link to McKinley assassin.
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^ US: Leon Czolgosz, self-proclaimed anarchist, electrocuted for the assassination of US President McKinley.
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^ "Land of Free Speech" whether the assassin Leon Czolgosz was an anarchist, Emma Goldman is arrested for articles published in Mother Earth & for inciting to riot.
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.This was in spite of Goldman's disavowal of any association with him, his registered membership in the Republican Party, and never having belonged to an anarchist organization.^ Then on this view also justice will be admitted to be the having and doing what is a man’s own, and belongs to him?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ After the 1936 Spanish elections, the Republican coalition, was formed out of more than ten parties including anarchists, socialists, and social democrats.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

^ US: 19th anniversary commemoration of the Chicago Haymarket anarchist martyrs, organized by the Freiheit Publishing Association.
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.Bombings were associated in the media with anarchists because international terrorism arose during this time period with the widespread distribution of dynamite.^ These are especially effective for ladies who have to stand or walk for long periods of time during work ...
  • Zombietime: Obama "science czar" is a totalitarian crank 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC minx.cc [Source type: General]

^ The Japanese terror bombing of Chinese cities during the Sino-Japanese War was justified as a method to shorten the war.
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^ Mxico: Juan Francisco Moncaleano is deported to the Canary Islands because of his militancy at a meeting & his article published in the anarchist periodical "Luz" .
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This image remains to this day.
.Propaganda of the deed was abandoned by the vast majority of the anarchist movement after World War I (1914–18) and the 1917 October Revolution.^ French anarchist & practitioner of "propaganda by the deed."
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Great October Revolution was produced at a time when the main contradiction facing world capitalism was the contradiction among the imperialist countries and groupings themselves.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Catalan cabinet-maker, became a major activist in the Argentine anarchist labor movement.
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.Important factors towards this include state repression, the level of organization of the labour movement, and the influence of the October Revolution[citation needed].^ Because of the weaknesses of the CPCs line toward the national bourgeoisie following the revolution, (1) the national bourgeoisie occupied a powerful position within the Chinese state and exerted a significant influence upon the CPC and (2) the CPC was not prepared for bitter struggle against the national bourgeoisie and its line.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

^ At one time or another, for one state of another, one or more of these factors play an important role in democide.
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^ Here we shall identify some of the important factors which need to be considered, both at the grand strategic level and the level of campaign strategy.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

.Despite this abandonment, the concept of propaganda of the deed remained popular in the anarchist movement, and thus influenced various social and cultural movements, including the Underground, during the 20th century[citation needed].^ French anarchist & practitioner of "propaganda by the deed."
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^ Although the anarchist movement dwindled in the US, Solomon remained involved long enough to figure in its modest revival in the 1990s as a mentor to a young generation of activists.
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^ Maintained broad working friendships in & oustside the anarchist movement, which included Octavio Paz & Gabriel Zaid.
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Russian Revolution

Anarchists Emma Goldman and Alexander Berkman opposed Bolshevik consolidation of power following the Russian Revolution (1917).
.Anarchists participated alongside the Bolsheviks in both February and October revolutions, and were initially enthusiastic about the Bolshevik coup.^ Polish anarchist & acquaintance of Emma Goldman, participant in the Spanish Revolution of 1936.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In October 1917, the Bolshevik Party of Russia led an alliance of the proletariat and the peasantry and seized power in the Great October Socialist Revolution.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

[60] .However, the Bolsheviks soon turned against the anarchists and other left-wing opposition, a conflict that culminated in the 1921 Kronstadt rebellion which the new government repressed.^ When the Stalinists began attacking the anarchists in a power grab, he was wounded on the barricades of Barcelona, & later imprisoned by the Stalinist wing of the Loyalist government.
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^ I tend to vote for small left-wing socialist types of parties when they are running candidates on the ballots, and I vote either for or against referendum issues.
  • Right-Wing Racist Terrorist Neo-Nazi Extremists Infiltrate U.S. Military | ItsYourTimes.com 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.itsyourtimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When Gaius Gracchus finally presented his new bill to the comitia tributa to bestow citizenship on the Italians (full citizenship for those with Latin rights, Latin rights to all other Italian allies), the tide had decisively turned against him.

Anarchists in central Russia were either imprisoned, driven underground or joined the victorious Bolsheviks; the anarchists from Petrograd and Moscow fled to the Ukraine.[61] .There, in the Free Territory, they fought in the civil war against the Whites (a Western-backed grouping of monarchists and other opponents of the October Revolution) and then the Bolsheviks as part of the Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine led by Nestor Makhno, who established an anarchist society in the region for a number of months.^ Im a revolutionary who has accomplished his revolution .

^ In the future, they will be part of the indispensable structural base for a free society.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As he could discover by reading Chapter 5 of my book, which describes in detail the events that led to the revolution, there were well over 1,000 Americans in residence in Honolulu who were not part of the revolutionary group.
  • Was the 1893 overthrow of the monarchy illegal? Was it a theft of a nation owned by kanaka maoli and stolen by non-kanaka maoli? 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Original source]

.Expelled American anarchists Emma Goldman and Alexander Berkman were amongst those agitating in response to Bolshevik policy and the suppression of the Kronstadt uprising, before they left Russia.^ American anarchist, long-time friend & lover of Emma Goldman .
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ American activist, worked with Emma Goldman .
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Austrian-American anarchist, romantically involved with Emma Goldman.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Both wrote accounts of their experiences in Russia, criticizing the amount of control the Bolsheviks exercised. .For them, Bakunin's predictions about the consequences of Marxist rule that the rulers of the new "socialist” Marxist state would become a new elite had proved all too true.^ After all, the Republic provides a picture not just of a happy city but also of a happy individual person, and in Book One, Socrates argues that the ruler's task is to benefit the ruled.
  • Plato's Ethics and Politics in The Republic (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ If you define totalitarianism as a state of affairs where no such concession is made at all then your definition is so restrictive that very few states would ever have qualified.
  • What does 'totalitarian' actually mean? | Samizdata.net 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.samizdata.net [Source type: Original source]

^ And surely you would not have the children of your ideal State, whom you are nurturing and educating—if the ideal ever becomes a reality—you would not allow the future rulers to be like posts 1 , having no reason in them, and yet to be set in authority over the highest matters?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

[42][62]
.The victory of the Bolsheviks in the October Revolution and the resulting Russian Civil War did serious damage to anarchist movements internationally.^ Jewish anarchist active in the Russian Revolution.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the other hand, it is obvious that the first country to be victorious can retain the role of standard-bearer of the world revolutionary movement only on the basis of consistent internationalism, only on the basis of the foreign policy of the October Revolution, and that the path of least resistance and of nationalism in foreign policy is the path of the isolation and decay of the first country to be victorious.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The tremendous victories achieved under the banner of the October Revolution were made possible by the scientific Marxist-Leninist analysis by the CPSU(B) under Lenin and Stalin, based on proletarian internationalism.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

.Many workers and activists saw Bolshevik success as setting an example; Communist parties grew at the expense of anarchism and other socialist movements.^ Communist and Workers Parties of the socialist countries consider it their internationalist duty...
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

^ J.V. Stalin has made great contributions to the formation and consolidation of the socialist camp and to the growth and strengthening of the international communist movement.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The 81 Party Statement evaluation of the international situation is that the main contradiction facing world capitalism is the Soviet Union and the other socialist countries.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

.In France and the United States, for example, members of the major syndicalist movements of the CGT and IWW left the organizations and joined the Communist International.^ There was a lot of disorienting of the international communist movement.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ J.V. Stalin has made great contributions to the formation and consolidation of the socialist camp and to the growth and strengthening of the international communist movement.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

^ United States voters have elected an articulate, well educated, ambitious, resourceful half-breed with little affinity to the majority white citizenry.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

[63]
.In Paris, the Dielo Truda group of Russian anarchist exiles, which included Nestor Makhno, concluded that anarchists needed to develop new forms of organisation in response to the structures of Bolshevism.^ Russian-American anarchist, active in the anarchist group in the International Ladies Garment Workers Union, part of the Modern School , married to Mendel, mother of Abe.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A new aristocracy could be formed nationwide by some big independent group.

^ Ida Mett, The Kronstadt Uprising 1921 , http://struggle.ws/russia/mett.html Ida Mett, Souvenirs sur Nestor Makhno , Paris 1983, pp.
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.Their 1926 manifesto, called the Organizational Platform of the General Union of Anarchists (Draft),[64] was supported.^ Korean anarchist general (sometimes called the Korean Makhno), fought Japanese invaders.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is because unions and other workers organizations represent the general interests of the working class as a whole, making their involvement imperative if the movement is to succeed.
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^ Influenced by the anarchists, an overwhelming union majority calls for total independence of the trade unions from the political parties of the State.
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.Platformist groups active today include the Workers Solidarity Movement in Ireland and the North Eastern Federation of Anarchist Communists of North America.^ Anarchiste ardennais, active in groups in Nouzon.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Japanese anarchist communist involved in Japanese Anarchist Federation.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Organisational Platform of the Libertarian Communists , by "Dielo Trouda" (Workers' Cause), is a classic text initiating the "Platformist" current in the revolutionary anarchist movement.
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Anti-fascist Maquis, who resisted Nazi and Francoist rule in Europe.

Fight against fascism

In the 1920s and 1930s, the rise of fascism in Europe transformed anarchism's conflict with the state. Italy saw the first struggles between anarchists and fascists. .Italian anarchists played a key role in the anti-fascist organisation Arditi del Popolo, which was strongest in areas with anarchist traditions, and achieved some success in their activism, such as repelling Blackshirts in the anarchist stronghold of Parma in August 1922.[65] In France, where the far right leagues came close to insurrection in the February 1934 riots, anarchists divided over a united front policy.^ Correct Implementation of the Anti-Fascist United Front Policy, China, 1935-1945: .
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Shoemaker, anarchist, anti-fascist militant.
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^ TRESCA, Carlo (1879-1943) Italian-American anarchist activist murdered by the fascists, he had, "All the right enemies."
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[66]
.In Spain, the CNT initially refused to join a popular front electoral alliance, and abstention by CNT supporters led to a right wing election victory.^ In the 1987 democratization movement, the new middle strata (jungsangch'eung) that sided with the cause of the democracy movement against the authoritarian regime initially joined the popular sector.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The right-wing has been loaded with schmucks this last summer who were publicly threatening or stating their support for Obama's assassination.
  • Gore Vidal: ‘We’ll Have a Dictatorship Soon in the US’ | CommonDreams.org 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

^ In the 1987 democratization movement, the new middle strata (Jungsangch'eung) that sided with the democracy movement against the authoritarian regime initially joined the popular sector.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

.But in 1936, the CNT changed its policy and anarchist votes helped bring the popular front back to power.^ In conformity with the new United Front policy, the CPC changed its program for the areas liberated from Japanese imperialism.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When the popular upsurge first was sparked back in June by the flagrant electoral fraud that resulted in Ahmadinejad’s re-election, the main chant of the protesters was for their vote to be counted.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Most congresscritters are whores that work for corporations, but if they see money and votes go elsewhere, it forces them to change their pandering in order to get back to the money flow.
  • Firedoglake » Late Nite FDL: Can We Call It a Dictatorship Yet? 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Months later, the former ruling class responded with an attempted coup causing the Spanish Civil War (1936–1939).^ All the countries that have it and have resolved crisis with that: ^ http://countrystudies.us/spain/22.htm De Menses, Filipe Ribeiro Franco and the Spanish Civil War, p.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Before the War broke out, this struggle centered around efforts to aid the Spanish Republic in its Civil War against.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There were some attempts, backed up by the federal troops who remained in the South for ten years after the Civil War, to implement programs like this.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

[67] .In response to the army rebellion, an anarchist-inspired movement of peasants and workers, supported by armed militias, took control of Barcelona and of large areas of rural Spain where they collectivised the land.^ Ancient armies were armed by peasant farmers.

^ Mao was of middle peasant background and was an early leading member of the CPC. He was an early advocate of concentrating Party energies in building rural base areas.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Although disillusioned by the defeat of anarchism in Spain 1937 he maintained a lifelong contact with the Swedish anarchist movement.
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[68] .But even before the fascist victory in 1939, the anarchists were losing ground in a bitter struggle with the Stalinists, who controlled the distribution of military aid to the Republican cause from the Soviet Union.^ Even Churchill admitted that something like three-quarters of the fighting against Germany was done by the Soviet Union.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Aside from both the Stalinist Soviet Union and the German Nazi state both being repugnant totalitarian governments, they both reached that point from differing political stances.
  • Michael J. Totten: The Totalitarian Impulse 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The aid of the Soviet Union, of the world proletariat and of the Communists is the most important condition for the victory of all nations in fighting for liberation from imperialist oppression, for national independence.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

.Stalinist-led troops suppressed the collectives and persecuted both dissident Marxists and anarchists.^ The Three Banners formulated by Mao which include a peoples army and a united front both led by the Marxist-Leninist Party has been completely negated.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

[69]

Contemporary anarchism

The famous okupas squat near Parc Güell, overlooking Barcelona. Squatting was a prominent part of the emergence of renewed anarchist movement from the counterculture of the 1960s and 1970s.
.A surge of popular interest in anarchism occurred during the 1960s and 1970s.^ Manuel Rojas worked for Chilean comic books published by Zig Zag & Quimant during the 1960s & 1970s.
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[70] In the United Kingdom this was associated with the punk rock movement, as exemplified by bands such as Crass and the Sex Pistols.[71] .The housing and employment crisis in most of Western Europe led to the formation of communes and squatter movements like that of Barcelona, Spain.^ But more so, the scandalous Roman conduct in Spain most likely directly contributed to the eventual break with the nobility by the brothers Gracchus.

.In Denmark, squatters occupied a disused military base and declared the Freetown Christiania, an autonomous haven in central Copenhagen.^ As noted by Global Research on July 1, 2007, the U.S. occupies between 700 and 800 military bases in 63 countries.

.Since the revival of anarchism in the mid 20th century,[72] a number of new movements and schools of thought emerged.^ Brazil's anarcho-syndicalist movement was the second largest in Latin America during the first quarter of the 20th century.
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^ In 1912 the youthful Will Durant headed the anarchist Modern School , which became one of the most important centers of the Radical movement in New York.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although feminist tendencies have always been a part of the anarchist movement in the form of anarcha-feminism, they returned with vigour during the second wave of feminism in the 1960s.^ As always, a vital part of the struggle against fascism was the struggle against its servants within the working class movement.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Although the anarchist movement dwindled in the US, Solomon remained involved long enough to figure in its modest revival in the 1990s as a mentor to a young generation of activists.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Swiss anarchist, partner of Andr Prudhommeaux , went to Spain during the 1936 Revolution, & they published "L'Espagne Antifasciste," "La Nouvelle Espagne Antifasciste," & "L'Espagne Nouvelle" .
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The American Civil Rights Movement and the movement against the war in Vietnam also contributed to the revival of North American anarchism.^ The 14th Amendment was ADDED TO THE CONSTITUTION as part of the post Civil War reforms aimed at addressing the injustices to African Americans whose ancestors were brought here against their will to be enslaved, and their children thereof.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Before the War broke out, this struggle centered around efforts to aid the Spanish Republic in its Civil War against.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The police, always protecting the rights of free speech, warn her against speaking out against conscription when she begins to urge mothers to prevent their sons from fighting in the war.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.European anarchism of the late 20th century drew much of its strength from the labour movement, and both have incorporated animal rights activism.^ Brazil's anarcho-syndicalist movement was the second largest in Latin America during the first quarter of the 20th century.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Spanish anarchosyndicalist, a pioneer of the 20th century anarchist movement in the US, publisher of La Questione Sociale, companion of Maria Roda.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If we go back to an imaginary state in which men were almost animals and the companions of them, we have as much right to argue from what is animal to what is human as from the barbarous to the civilized man.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.Anarchist anthropologist David Graeber has posited a rupture between generations of anarchism, with those "who often still have not shaken the sectarian habits" of the nineteenth century contrasted with the younger activists who are "much more informed, among other elements, by indigenous, feminist, ecological and cultural-critical ideas", and who by the turn of the 21st century formed "by far the majority" of anarchists.^ American anarchist, literary & cultural critic.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is not equality between those who are in a position of exploiting others, and those who are exploited.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The cultural revolution was precisely the form in which that became much more possible.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

[73]
.Around the turn of the 21st century, anarchism grew in popularity and influence as part of the anti-war, anti-capitalist, and anti-globalisation movements.^ The world capitalist system had been seriously weakened by the peoples victory in World War II and the anti-imperialist forces were stronger than ever before.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

^ During the course of the Cultural Revolution, a tremendous setback was suffered by the world anti-imperialist movement in the Israeli-imperialist war against the Arab people.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

[74] .Anarchists became known for their involvement in protests against the meetings of the World Trade Organization (WTO), Group of Eight, and the World Economic Forum.^ Organizing resistance , The Most Moral Army In the World , crimes against humanity , disinformation , idiot nation , image of the beast , monsters , there are no sunglasses .

^ Organizing resistance , The Most Moral Army In the World , crimes against humanity , idiot nation , image of the beast , there are no sunglasses .

^ Emma speaks out against the Anglo-Boer War at a meeting of the Freedom Discussion Group; lectures on "The Effect of War on the Workers."
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some anarchist factions at these protests engaged in rioting, property destruction, and violent confrontations with police, and the confrontations were selectively portrayed in mainstream media coverage as violent riots.^ His funeral, which became a heated political confrontation between anarchist mourners & Italian police, was immortalized in Carlo Carr's 1911 work, "The Funeral of the Anarchist Galli".
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Violent confrontations between protesters & the police occur in Paris, where over 500,000 people turned out.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The failures of this week lead anarchists & labor activists to form the CNT , in an attempt to build an organization capable of transcending these futile protest actions.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These actions were precipitated by ad hoc, leaderless, anonymous cadres known as black blocs; other organisational tactics pioneered in this time include security culture, affinity groups and the use of decentralised technologies such as the internet.^ These include, for example, families, religious organizations, cultural associations, sports clubs, economic institutions, trade unions, student associations, political parties, villages, neighborhood associations, gardening clubs, human rights organizations, musical groups, literary societies, and others.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Such use includes that of the 450,000 km 2 Ogallala Aquifer underlying eight U.S. states.

^ Often wondered how such a useful volume was produced by a man whose other writings were so completely useless.
  • Zombietime: Obama "science czar" is a totalitarian crank 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC minx.cc [Source type: General]

[74] A landmark struggle of this period was the confrontations at WTO conference in Seattle in 1999.[74]

Anarchist schools of thought

.
Portrait of philosopher Pierre-Joseph Proudhon (1809–1865) by Gustave Courbet.
^ Translated the works of Pierre-Joseph Proudhon , & wrote La reacin y la revolucin .
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Proudhon was the primary proponent of anarchist mutualism, and influenced many later individualist anarchist thinkers.
.Anarchist ideas have only occasionally inspired political movements of any size, and "the tradition is mainly one of individual thinkers, but they have produced an important body of theory."^ Nor do they represent the average character of individuals, which cannot be explained simply on a theory of evil, but has always a counteracting element of good.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I’ve never heard of it, and since this morning I feel as if I’m the only one who hasn’t the faintest idea what’s going on!” .
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Leaders of a political defiance movement can exert influence and apply pressures on their followers, but they cannot imprison or execute them when they dissent or choose other leaders.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

[75] .Anarchist schools of thought had been generally grouped in two main historical traditions, individualist anarchism and social anarchism, which have some different origins, values and evolution.^ One of the two main definitions associated with the concept of dictatorship refers to a single person, or a small group of people, controlling the government of a country.

^ Russian-American anarchist, active in the anarchist group in the International Ladies Garment Workers Union, part of the Modern School , married to Mendel, mother of Abe.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He seems to have thought that two things of an opposite and different nature could not be learnt at the same time.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

[2][6][76] The individualist wing of anarchism emphasises negative liberty, i.e. opposition to state or social control over the individual, while those in the social wing emphasise positive liberty to achieve one's potential and argue that humans have needs that society ought to fulfill, "recognizing equality of entitlement".[77] In chronological and theoretical sense there are classical — those created throughout the 19th century — and post-classical anarchist schools — those created since the mid-20th century and after.
.Beyond the specific factions of anarchist thought is philosophical anarchism, which embodies the theoretical stance that the State lacks moral legitimacy without accepting the imperative of revolution to eliminate it.^ Without some Malthusian moralism to keep expectations low, there’s no reason to accept small government and everything it refuses to do to help people.
  • The Totalitarian Temptation and all that — Crooked Timber 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC crookedtimber.org [Source type: Original source]

^ How do you tell a Religious Conservative that “…the right of religious freedom, specifically, is not a right to use public power to enforce moral/religious views” when it has been established that random philosophical positions have used State power to enforce moral views.
  • The Totalitarian Temptation and all that — Crooked Timber 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC crookedtimber.org [Source type: Original source]

.A component especially of individualist anarchism[78][79] philosophical anarchism may accept the existence of a minimal state as unfortunate, and usually temporary, "necessary evil" but argue that citizens do not have a moral obligation to obey the state when its laws conflict with individual autonomy.^ The poet may rebel against any attempt to set limits to his fancy; and he may argue truly that moralizing in verse is not poetry.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In what may be called the epilogue of the discussion with Thrasymachus, Plato argues that evil is not a principle of strength, but of discord and dissolution, just touching the question which has been often treated in modern times by theologians and philosophers, of the negative nature of evil (cp.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Society is in every state a blessing, but Government, even in its best state, is but a necessary evil; in its worst state, an intolerable one."
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[80] .One reaction against sectarianism within the anarchist milieu was "anarchism without adjectives", a call for toleration first adopted by Fernando Tarrida del Mármol in 1889 in response to the "bitter debates" of anarchist theory at the time.^ I achieve more than all the anarchists put together without being one myself .

^ The first response calls for a quasi-empirical investigation of a difficult sort, but the second seems easy.
  • Plato's Ethics and Politics in The Republic (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Spanish anarchist, member of "Los solidarios", fought with CNT, called a "General Without God Nor Master."
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[81] In abandoning the hyphenated anarchisms (i.e. collectivist-, communist-, mutualist- and individualist-anarchism), it sought to emphasise the anti-authoritarian beliefs common to all anarchist schools of thought.[82]

Mutualism

.Mutualism began in 18th century English and French labour movements before taking an anarchist form associated with Pierre-Joseph Proudhon in France and others in the United States.^ The Cultural Revolution does not call for the release of the Communists and other revolutionaries from the prisons of the United Arab Republic, Saudi Arabia, Jordan and other Arab states.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

^ French & English, see Fondation Pierre Besnard ; Marxists.org lists the signatories.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In his youthful, formative years, Picasso was politically linked with the international anarchist movement, & his art often betrayed this.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[83] Proudhon proposed spontaneous order, whereby organization emerges without central authority, a "positive anarchy" where order arises when everybody does “what he wishes and only what he wishes"[84] and where "business transactions alone produce the social order."[85] Mutualist anarchism is concerned with reciprocity, free association, voluntary contract, federation, and credit and currency reform. .According to William Batchelder Greene, each worker in the mutualist system would receive "just and exact pay for his work; services equivalent in cost being exchangeable for services equivalent in cost, without profit or discount."^ For example, “We need to demand that our economic system works for Main Street, not just Wall Street.” Of course this demand, under our current system, is fantasy.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Or because a man is in good health when he receives pay you would not say that the art of payment is medicine?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Just think what would happen if pilots were to be chosen according to their property, and a poor man were refused permission to steer, even though he were a better pilot?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

[86] Mutualism has been retrospectively characterised as ideologically situated between individualist and collectivist forms of anarchism.[87] .Proudhon first characterised his goal as a "third form of society, the synthesis of communism and property."^ Suppose now that you make a second form as of a lion, and a third of a man, the second smaller than the first, and the third smaller than the second.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The first is that of birth control, the second that of infanticide or really destructive wars, and the third that a scientific world society cannot be stable unless there is a World Government.

^ The fifth book is the new beginning of the Republic, in which the community of property and of family are first maintained, and the transition is made to the kingdom of philosophers.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

[88]

Individualist anarchism

.Individualist anarchism refers to several traditions of thought within the anarchist movement that emphasise the individual and their will over any kinds of external determinants such as groups, society, traditions, and ideological systems.^ Although disillusioned by the defeat of anarchism in Spain 1937 he maintained a lifelong contact with the Swedish anarchist movement.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In this I have drawn on my studies over many years of dictatorships, resistance movements, revolutions, political thought, governmental systems, and especially realistic nonviolent struggle.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Determination in advance of what kind of leadership structure and communications system will work best for initiating the resistance struggle.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

[89][90] Individualist anarchism is not a single philosophy but refers to a group of individualistic philosophies that sometimes are in conflict.
19th century philosopher Max Stirner, usually considered a prominent early individualist anarchist (sketch by Friedrich Engels).
.In 1793, William Godwin, who has often[91] been cited as the first anarchist, wrote Political Justice, which some consider to be the first expression of anarchism.^ Philosopher, considered by some a religious anarchist.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ First, we might reject the idea of an objectively knowable human good, and thus reject the idea that political power should be in the hands of those who know the human good.
  • Plato's Ethics and Politics in The Republic (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Now we are both agreed that justice is interest of some sort, but you go on to say ‘of the stronger’; about this addition I am not so sure, and must therefore consider further.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

[30][92] .Godwin, a philosophical anarchist, from a rationalist and utilitarian basis opposed revolutionary action and saw a minimal state as a present "necessary evil" that would become increasingly irrelevant and powerless by the gradual spread of knowledge.^ We need to increasingly win as many of them as possible to become revolutionary communist intellectuals, actively partisan to our cause, and more than that, to become part of the vanguard.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And that is being charitable.That is also why even the best of them are becoming superannuated and increasingly irrelevant.
  • Gore Vidal: ‘We’ll Have a Dictatorship Soon in the US’ | CommonDreams.org 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

^ According to the Biblical tradition to which Masters appeals, the serpent seduced man by first promising Eve that she would become as God by eating the fruit of forbidden knowledge.
  • Creators of the atomic bomb: debasing nuclear power into a totalitarian order in the new world 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.heaven-words.com [Source type: Original source]

[30][93] .Godwin advocated extreme individualism, proposing that all cooperation in labour be eliminated on the premise that this would be most conducive with the general good.^ But most extraordinary of all is their mode of speaking about virtue and the gods: they say that the gods apportion calamity and misery to many good men, and good and happiness to the wicked.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The combination of the US system, its individual culture, and the wealth creating success of its free enterprise system, all combine to make it unlikely that the US would lose a war in a way that changes their culture.
  • Michael J. Totten: The Totalitarian Impulse 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

^ No, indeed, I replied; and the same is true of most, if not all, the other senses—you would not say that any of them requires such an addition?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

[94][95] .Godwin was a utilitarian who believed that all individuals are not of equal value, with some of us "of more worth and importance" than others depending on our utility in bringing about social good.^ BETTER for all than those other values.
  • Michael J. Totten: The Totalitarian Impulse 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Youll never be worth more than me .

^ Do you think that the possession of all other things is of any value if we do not possess the good?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.Therefore he does not believe in equal rights, but the person's life that should be favoured that is most conducive to the general good.^ They were killed because they believed a better life was possible and should be achieved.
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^ In answer to question 2, yes I do believe that democracy can be tyrannical if it does not contain protections for the rights and freedoms of the minority.
  • Michael J. Totten: The Totalitarian Impulse 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Here, Glaucon, is the great risk of human life, and therefore the whole of education should be directed to the acquisition of such a knowledge as will teach a man to refuse the evil and choose the good.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

[95] .Godwin opposed government because he saw it as infringing on the individual's right to "private judgement" to determine which actions most maximise utility, but also makes a critique of all authority over the individual's judgement.^ For all men believe in their hearts that injustice is far more profitable to the individual than justice, and he who argues as I have been supposing, will say that they are right.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Politicians voluntarily adhered to the principles of limited government because they knew it was the right thing to do.
  • Pajamas Media » America: A Republic, Not a Democracy 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC pajamasmedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It may be admitted further that right and utility are co-extensive, and that he who makes the happiness of mankind his object has one of the highest and noblest motives of human action.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.This aspect of Godwin's philosophy, stripped of utilitarian motivations, was developed into a more extreme form later by Stirner.^ Where does he suggest that rational elites should force a new form of government on an unwilling populace (who will only later be transformed into ‘new’ men and women)?
  • The Totalitarian Temptation and all that — Crooked Timber 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC crookedtimber.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But is it not more likely that people are stunned into inaction by the bizarre discrepancy between how extreme the crisis described and how insipid the solutions proposed ?

^ And then he got into the company of a more refined, licentious sort of people, and taking to all their wanton ways rushed into the opposite extreme from an abhorrence of his father’s meanness.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

[96]
.The most extreme form of individualist anarchism, called "egoism,"[97] or egoist anarchism, was expounded by one of the earliest and best-known proponents of individualist anarchism, Max Stirner.^ The philosopher, by contrast, is most able to do what she wants to do, for she wants to do what is best, and as long as one has agency, there would seem to be a doable best.
  • Plato's Ethics and Politics in The Republic (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Great Dutch anarchist writer/novelist, best known for his autobiographical novel Max Havelaar .
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And he who is most skilful in preventing or escaping 1 from a disease is best able to create one?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

[98] .Stirner's The Ego and Its Own, published in 1844, is a founding text of the philosophy.^ Mestre sold books & material for painters, & founded the Editions Minerva imprint, publishing important anarchist texts like those of Rudolf Rocker .
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Married the Dadaist author & poet Tsuji Jun (an individualist anarchist, he translated Stirner's The Ego & His Own ).
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[98] .According to Stirner, the only limitation on the rights of the individual is their power to obtain what they desire,[99] without regard for God, state, or morality.^ Rather like a fundamentalist Christian stating that god is the answer without further explanation - and just as devoid of meaning.
  • Gore Vidal: ‘We’ll Have a Dictatorship Soon in the US’ | CommonDreams.org 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

^ Then the power of each individual in the State to do his own work appears to compete with the other political virtues, wisdom, temperance, courage.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I propose therefore that we enquire into the nature of justice and injustice, first as 369 they appear in the State, and secondly in the individual, proceeding from the greater to the lesser and comparing them.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

[100] .To Stirner, rights were spooks in the mind, and he held that society does not exist but "the individuals are its reality".[101] Stirner advocated self-assertion and foresaw Unions of Egoists, non-systematic associations continually renewed by all parties' support through an act of will[102], which Stirner proposed as a form of organization in place of the state.^ The Cultural Revolution line on the Vietnamese liberation war is that the Vietnamese people should continue to fight indefinitely without support from the other oppressed nations, without active and all-out support from People's China and without an ideological and organizational break with Soviet Revisionism.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Thus there are five forms in all, both of states and of souls.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And the opposition party making itself into a characture does nothing to limit the power of a party that controls virtually all the levers of the federal apparatus.
  • Michael J. Totten: The Totalitarian Impulse 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

[103] Egoist anarchists claim that egoism will foster genuine and spontaneous union between individuals.[104] "Egoism" has inspired many interpretations of Stirner's philosophy. .It was re-discovered and promoted by German philosophical anarchist and LGBT activist John Henry Mackay.^ German-American anarchist & labor union activist, Chicago Haymarket Martyr, tried & executed.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anton Ciliga lives; philosopher, activist, anarchist.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ MACKAY, John Henry (1864-1933) Swiss-German-Scots anarchist, gay writer.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Individualist anarchism inspired by Stirner attracted a small following of European bohemian artists and intellectuals (see European individualist anarchism). .Stirner's philosophy has been seen as a precedent of existentialism with other thinkers like Friedrich Nietzsche and Sören Kierkegaard.^ The difficulty in this passage may be explained, like many others, from differences in the modes of conception prevailing among ancient and modern thinkers.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He was the greatest metaphysical genius whom the world has seen; and in him, more than in any other ancient thinker, the germs of future knowledge are contained.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Also they were acquainted with empires of unknown antiquity, like the Egyptian or Assyrian; but they had never seen them grow, and could not imagine, any more than we can, the state of man which preceded them.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

Social anarchism

Russian theorist Peter Kropotkin (1842–1921), who was influential in the development of anarchist communism.
.Social anarchism calls for a system with public ownership of means of production and democratic control of all organizations, without any government authority or coercion.^ And many will indulge the hope that our present condition may, after all, be only transitional, and may conduct to a higher, in which property, besides ministering to the enjoyment of the few, may also furnish the means of the highest culture to all, and will be a greater benefit to the public generally, and also more under the control of public authority.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As a result, we have been able to eliminate capitalism completely in the ownership of the means of production, and we shall transform the bourgeois elements gradually into working people earning their own living...
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Nazi's use of socialist rhetoric appealed to disaffection with capitalism while presenting a political and economic model that divested "socialism" of any elements which were dangerous to capitalism, such as the concept of class struggle, "the dictatorship of the proletariat" or worker control of the means of production.
  • Michael J. Totten: The Totalitarian Impulse 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

It is the largest school of anarchism[105]. .Social anarchism rejects private property, seeing it as a source of social inequality, and emphasises cooperation and mutual aid.^ Joining or creating a local community group, and helping to revive local civil society, will help provide your community with voluntary networks of cooperation and mutual aid in difficult times.

[106]
.Collectivist anarchism, also referred to as "revolutionary socialism" or a form of such,[107][108] is a revolutionary form of anarchism, commonly associated with Mikhail Bakunin and Johann Most.^ That will apply to the overthrown exploiters and active counter-revolutionaries who will be attempting to organize, to seek each other out, to form associations, etc.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Joseph Conrad's The Secret Agent [constructs] anarchism as a form of fraudulent self-deception symptomatic of a widespread social degeneracy in British society.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Propaganda, in its most basic form of acceptance, refers to using speeches, media channels, and other means for disseminating information to the general public.

[109][110] .Collectivist anarchists oppose all private ownership of the means of production, instead advocating that ownership be collectivised.^ As a result, we have been able to eliminate capitalism completely in the ownership of the means of production, and we shall transform the bourgeois elements gradually into working people earning their own living...
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But, finally, through all this, a different kind of system emerged in which people were not literally chained to one place, nor working all separately on their own with their own small means of production.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Private ownership of trade and industry means that the decisive political force in the world is private power.

.This was to be achieved through violent revolution, first starting with a small cohesive group through acts of violence, or "propaganda by the deed," which would inspire the workers as a whole to revolt and forcibly collectivise the means of production.^ Would it have been worth it to enforce a different kind of rule, even with the violence that would have been necessary to put down the armed resistance to this, in order to abolish that whole experience?
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Since Plato believes that this coincidence is realized only through propagandistic means in the ideal city, then the propaganda is paternalistically targeted at the citizens' own good but not exclusively at the citizens' own good.
  • Plato's Ethics and Politics in The Republic (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1976 certain intellectuals and workers formed small groups such as K.O.R. (Workers Defense Committee) to advance their political ideas.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

[109] .However, collectivization was not to be extended to the distribution of income, as workers would be paid according to time worked, rather than receiving goods being distributed "according to need" as in anarcho-communism.^ Lived for a time in a community of anarcho-naturists.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although the opposition has stated a good example of human development in Cuba currently, it doesn’t prove that life in Fidel’s time is better than Batista’s time.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The workers need guidance to realize what they already know at some level, but it is clearly being obscured by the propaganda of the currently ascendent (liberal) elites.
  • The Totalitarian Temptation and all that — Crooked Timber 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC crookedtimber.org [Source type: Original source]

.This position was criticised by anarchist communists as effectively "uphold[ing] the wages system".[111] Collectivist anarchism arose contemporaneously with Marxism but opposed the Marxist dictatorship of the proletariat, despite the stated Marxist goal of a collectivist stateless society.^ There is important experience of the international communist movement and socialist society and the dictatorship of the proletariat, very real positive experience in this sphere, but also considerable negative experience, which again, needs to be critically examined and deeply and all-sidedly summed up.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Lastly his position is false because to be anti-communist or anti-marxist is not enough to be anti-leftist.
  • Michael J. Totten: The Totalitarian Impulse 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Well, I think we have more to sum up about that from the history of socialist society and the dictatorship of the proletariat so far.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

[112] .Anarchist communist and collectivist ideas are not mutually exclusive; although the collectivist anarchists advocated compensation for labour, some held out the possibility of a post-revolutionary transition to a communist system of distribution according to need.^ We need to increasingly win as many of them as possible to become revolutionary communist intellectuals, actively partisan to our cause, and more than that, to become part of the vanguard.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In fact, to be honest, it is never possible in any society, even in a communist society, for all ideas to get equal promotion.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And they don't learn to make a way of life out of crime because they don't have to, because the whole system operates to bring them what they need.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

[113]
.Anarchist communism proposes that the freest form of social organisation would be a society composed of self-managing communes with collective use of the means of production, organised democratically, and related to other communes through federation.^ Their beauty is like the beauty of figures drawn by the hand of Daedalus or any other 530 great artist, which may be used for illustration, but no mathematician would seek to obtain from them true conceptions of equality or numerical relations.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And how, in a democratic society, would such forcing take place anyway—is that also somewhere in the details that I missed?
  • The Totalitarian Temptation and all that — Crooked Timber 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC crookedtimber.org [Source type: Original source]

^ So what I am advocating in that last chapter of the book is the creation of communities of cooperation, mutual survival and mutual aid, communities that would be of service to the surrounding society, providing them with knowledge, means for conflict resolution, with inspiration, with seeds for food production, practical skills, teaching practical skills and so on.

[114] .While some anarchist communists favour direct democracy, others feel that its majoritarianism can impede individual liberty and favour consensus democracy instead.^ Now, a lot of anarchists, and some others, talk about how you shouldn't have a state.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It still represents a division where some people are excluded from rule and excluded from democracy, or do not have the same rights as others.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

.In anarchist communism, as money would be abolished, individuals would not receive direct compensation for labour (through sharing of profits or payment) but would have free access to the resources and surplus of the commune.^ It is difficult for me to imagine a violent F-share recipient revolt, even though from the second perspective the state would primarily be interested in stripping power from these individuals.

^ Or because a man is in good health when he receives pay you would not say that the art of payment is medicine?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The combination of the US system, its individual culture, and the wealth creating success of its free enterprise system, all combine to make it unlikely that the US would lose a war in a way that changes their culture.
  • Michael J. Totten: The Totalitarian Impulse 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

[115][116] Anarchist communism does not always have a communitarian philosophy. .Some forms of anarchist communism are egoist and strongly influenced by radical individualism,[117] believing that anarchist communism does not require a communitarian nature at all.^ For all men believe in their hearts that injustice is far more profitable to the individual than justice, and he who argues as I have been supposing, will say that they are right.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A); and this conception of art is not limited to strains of music or the forms of plastic art, but pervades all nature and has a wide kindred in the world.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Neither is it inconceivable that some rare nature may feel his duty to another generation, or to another century, almost as strongly as to his own, or that living always in the presence of God, he may realize another world as vividly as he does this.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.In the early 20th century, anarcho-syndicalism arose as a distinct school of thought within anarchism.^ This was decisively proven in Europe in the early 20th century.
  • Gore Vidal: ‘We’ll Have a Dictatorship Soon in the US’ | CommonDreams.org 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

^ In 1988 he published Anarchie et Christianisme , defining his anarchism, explaining why he admires the likes of Mikhail Bakunin & the early anarcho-syndicalists.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Brazil's anarcho-syndicalist movement was the second largest in Latin America during the first quarter of the 20th century.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[118] .With greater focus on the labour movement than previous forms of anarchism, syndicalism posits radical trade unions as a potential force for revolutionary social change, replacing capitalism and the state with a new society, democratically self-managed by the workers.^ With a combination of treachery (through their willing agents, the right Social-Democrats) and armed force, US imperialism was able to temporarily destroy the revolutionary movements in the Western European nations whose peoples had resisted Nazi invasion, and in occupied West Germany, Italy and Japan.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The organization of the Solidarity trade union with its power to wield effective strikes forced its own legalization in 1980.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And how, in a democratic society, would such forcing take place anyway—is that also somewhere in the details that I missed?
  • The Totalitarian Temptation and all that — Crooked Timber 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC crookedtimber.org [Source type: Original source]

.It is often combined with other branches of anarchism, and anarcho-syndicalists often subscribe to anarchist communist or collectivist anarchist economic systems.^ Anarcho-syndicalist, important figure in 1930s Chilean anarchism.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But Plato never combined his economic ideas into a system, and never seems to have recognized that Trade is one of the great motive powers of the State and of the world.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Militant anarchiste, anarcho-syndicaliste et libre penseur.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[119] .An early leading anarcho-syndicalist thinker was Rudolf Rocker, whose 1938 pamphlet Anarchosyndicalism outlined a view of the movement's origin, aims and importance to the future of labour.^ Anarchist & anarcho-syndicalist, free thinker.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anarcho-syndicalist, labor organizer, companion of Rudolf Rocker.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Artist, book illustrator, whose work is greatly influenced by his parents, Milly & Rudolf Rocker.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[119][120]

Post-classical currents

John Zerzan (1943) prominent green anarchist author, he is known for exploring anti-civilization perspectives within anarchism
.Anarchism continues to generate many philosophies and movements, at times eclectic, drawing upon various sources, and syncretic, combining disparate and contrary concepts to create new philosophical approaches.^ Men in general are incapable of philosophy, and are therefore at enmity with the philosopher; but their misunderstanding of him is unavoidable (vi.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He brings, not sentiment, but philosophy to bear upon a question which both in ancient and modern times has been chiefly regarded in the light of custom or feeling.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Even under martial law, with many imprisonments and harsh persecution, the new independent institutions of the society continued to function.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

.Since the revival of anarchism in the United States in the 1960s,[72] a number of new movements and schools have emerged.^ Since World War II, those who have come to control the United States government (their government, not my government) have dragged us all into a world of unreality, in which television news- ertainment substitutes for news and informed commentary.

^ But the exact same thing has happened repeatedly in the United States since the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This historic event will be the first statewide convention on secession in the United States since North Carolina voted to secede from the Union on May 20, 1861 .

[121] .Anarcho-capitalism developed from radical anti-state libertarianism and individualist anarchism, drawing from Austrian School economics, study of law and economics and public choice theory,[122] while the burgeoning feminist and environmentalist movements also produced anarchist offshoots.^ Constitution, which states that public officials that are suspected to violate the law are subject to impeachment by the National Congress."
  • Totalitarian Rightists Put Orwellian Spin on Honduras Coup 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.thenation.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Although disillusioned by the defeat of anarchism in Spain 1937 he maintained a lifelong contact with the Swedish anarchist movement.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Through her involvement with the anarchist movement, Fitzgerald met Emma Goldman & Berkman, joining them in the publication of the Mother Earth Bulletin around 1906.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Anarcha-feminism developed as a synthesis of radical feminism and anarchism that views patriarchy (male domination over women) as a fundamental manifestation of compulsory government.^ Since Plato shows no interest in what actual women want, he would seem on this view of feminism to be anti-feminist.
  • Plato's Ethics and Politics in The Republic (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.It was inspired by the late 19th century writings of early feminist anarchists such as Lucy Parsons, Emma Goldman, Voltairine de Cleyre, and Dora Marsden.^ (Ephmride Anarchiste) CLEYRE, Voltairine de .
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Francisco Ferrer by Voltairine de Cleyre Anarchists in New York, led by Emma Goldman & Alexander Berkman , founded the Francisco Ferrer Association in 1910 "to perpetuate the work & memory of Francisco Ferrer."
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ [Source: Casa Obrero Mundial] [7- 16 -1912] -- US: Her lecture circuit completed, Emma Goldman stops at the Waldheim Cemetery in Chicago to visit the grave of anarchist Voltairine de Cleyre .
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Anarcha-feminists, like other radical feminists, criticise and advocate the abolition of traditional conceptions of family, education and gender roles.^ The second plausibly feminist commitment in the Republic involves the abolition of private families.
  • Plato's Ethics and Politics in The Republic (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Like Mao said, we are advocates of the abolition of war, but it is necessary to wage revolutionary war in order to finally put an end to war.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ IF in your lifetime, you see no one others than your family, would the concept of ownership, individualism or collectivism ever evolve, for you?
  • Totalitarian Rightists Put Orwellian Spin on Honduras Coup 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.thenation.com [Source type: Original source]

.Green anarchism (or eco-anarchism)[123] is a school of thought within anarchism which puts an emphasis on environmental issues,[124] and whose main contemporary currents are anarcho-primitivism and social ecology.^ Much discussion of energy, with never a word about power, leads to the fallacy of a low-impact, green capitalism somehow put at the service of environmentalism.

.Post-left anarchy is a tendency which seeks to distance itself from traditional left-wing politics and to escape the confines of ideology in general.^ The general definition of a totalitarian regime states that it maintains itself in political power by means of an official ideology, as well as through propaganda disseminated through the state-controlled mass media .

^ Michael, "historians" don't generally classify Nazism as "right wing," political analysts of a Left/liberal stripe do.
  • Michael J. Totten: The Totalitarian Impulse 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As for Nazi ideology being left-wing, that theory has been bouncing about the blogscape for the last year, but it simply isn't true.
  • Michael J. Totten: The Totalitarian Impulse 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

.Post-anarchism is a theoretical move towards a synthesis of classical anarchist theory and poststructuralist thought drawing from diverse ideas including post-modernism, autonomist marxism, post-left anarchy, situationism and postcolonialism.^ Rhodes' concluding words are "Bohr's open world" 93 The idea is that science is a model of the future transnational community toward which a world without borders is moving.
  • Creators of the atomic bomb: debasing nuclear power into a totalitarian order in the new world 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.heaven-words.com [Source type: Original source]

^ French Trotskyite, gay activist, moved ever leftward with age, developing a blend of anarchism & marxism.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Another recent form of anarchism critical of formal anarchist movements is insurrectionary anarchism, which advocates informal organization and active resistance to the state; its proponents include Wolfi Landstreicher and Alfredo M. Bonanno.^ Active in Yiddish-speaking anarchist movement.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ricardo Flores Magn formally joins the emerging movement today, & it is the main vehicle for organizing the anti-Diaz struggle & spreading the ideals of anarchism throughout Mexico.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although disillusioned by the defeat of anarchism in Spain 1937 he maintained a lifelong contact with the Swedish anarchist movement.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]


Topics of interest in anarchist theory

.Intersecting and overlapping between various schools of thought, certain topics of interest and internal disputes have proven perennial within anarchist theory.^ French writer/activist of "Anarchist Synthesis" (establishing links between all the various tendencies).
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Free love

French individualist Emile Armand (1872–1962), who propounded the virtues of free love in the Parisian anarchist milieu of the early 20th century
An important current within anarchism is Free love.[125] .Free love advocates sometimes traced their roots back to Josiah Warren and to experimental communities, viewed sexual freedom as a clear, direct expression of an individual's self-ownership.^ And one of the things they did in the Paris Commune was that all officials were elected by direct popular vote, and could be recalled by direct expression of the masses in a popular referendum.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ American individualist anarchist, free-love advocate, publisher.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nor again is there any evil which has not some accompaniment of good or pleasure; nor any good which is free from some alloy of evil; nor any noble or generous thought which may not be attended by a shadow or the ghost of a shadow of self-interest or of self-love.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.Free love particularly stressed women's rights since most sexual laws discriminated against women: for example, marriage laws and anti-birth control measures.^ Furthermore, the resistance planners will need to take measures to preserve order and to meet social needs by one's own forces during mass resistance against dictatorial controls.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He probably observed that both the Spartan men and women were superior in form and strength to the other Greeks; and this superiority he was disposed to attribute to the laws and customs relating to marriage.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We cannot allow men to play the parts of women, quarrelling, weeping, scolding, or boasting against the gods,—least of all when making love or in labour.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

[125] .The most important American free love journal was Lucifer the Lightbearer (1883–1907) edited by Moses Harman and Lois Waisbrooker,[126] but also there existed Ezra Heywood and Angela Heywood's The Word (1872–1890, 1892–1893).^ "Lucifer the Lightbearer" (1880-1907) American individualist-anarchist journal published by Moses Harman .
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Shaul Yanofsky [Saul Janovsky] Sh.Yanovski) (1864-1939) Founded & edited (1890-1923) the important American Yiddish "Freie Arbeiter Stimme."
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (Free Voice of Labor) (1890-1977) Important American Yiddish-language anarchist newspaper.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[125] .Also M. E. Lazarus was an important American individualist anarchist who promoted free love.^ American individualist anarchist, abolitionist.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ American individualist anarchist, free-love advocate, publisher.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ American individualist anarchist.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[125]
.In New York's Greenwich Village, bohemian feminists and socialists advocated self-realisation and pleasure for women (and also men) in the here and now.^ Now…By age: 0-5 years 47%; 11-15 years 49.5%; Women 16-64 years 50.7% Men 16-64 years 55.7% and Adults 65 and older 51%.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On the 23rd Emma also marches in a parade of 600 anarchists & socialists in New York City to protest Ferrer 's execution.
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^ US: Emma Goldman marches in a parade of 600 anarchists & socialists in New York City to protest Francisco Ferrer 's execution (on October 13th, in Spain).
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

They encouraged playing with sexual roles and sexuality,[127] and the openly bisexual radical Edna St. Vincent Millay and the lesbian anarchist Margaret Anderson were prominent among them. .Discussion groups organised by the Villagers were frequented by Emma Goldman, among others.^ US: Today Emma Goldman speaks to the Italian group of New London, Conn.
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^ Emma speaks out against the Anglo-Boer War at a meeting of the Freedom Discussion Group; lectures on "The Effect of War on the Workers."
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ US: Emma Goldman makes her first visit to Denver, April 13-18, where she is hosted by a small group of American anarchists.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Magnus Hirschfeld noted in 1923 that Goldman "has campaigned boldly and steadfastly for individual rights, and especially for those deprived of their rights.^ The sworn enemy of each group are liberals (in the classic sense): those committed to the rule of law, protection of minorities' right to dissent, and individual liberties.
  • Michael J. Totten: The Totalitarian Impulse 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Because the Right, especially the small-gov't (lib wing) right, wants individual power rather than social or group power.
  • Michael J. Totten: The Totalitarian Impulse 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For individual politicians, especially for those with a talent for military command, the prize of power became ever more extraordinary as the empire expanded.

.Thus it came about that she was the first and only woman, indeed the first and only American, to take up the defense of homosexual love before the general public."^ The only question is, What will freedom-loving Americans do about it?

^ With a French woman, a German, a Russian, a Japanese, a Britisher, a Canadian, an American only the Jews were missing .

^ Only 1.3% of filers, or about 45,000 residents, were assessed a no-coverage penalty of up to $1,068.

[128] .In fact, before Goldman, heterosexual anarchist Robert Reitzel (1849–98) spoke positively of homosexuality from the beginning of the 1890s in his Detroit-based German language journal Der arme Teufel.^ German anarchist, editor of the "Der arme Teufel" .
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ US: Robert Reitzel dies, in Detroit.
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^ Having completed lectures in Kansas City & Topeka, Kansas, in mid-November Goldman lectures four times in Detroit, aided by Robert Reitzel & his paper, Der arme Teufel .
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In Europe the main propagandist of free love within individualist anarchism was Emile Armand.^ Andr Georges Roulot) (1885-1963) French free-thinker, individualist, lecturer & propagandist.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ American individualist anarchist, free-love advocate, publisher.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[129] He proposed the concept of la camaraderie amoureuse to speak of free love as the possibility of voluntary sexual encounter between consenting adults. He was also a consistent proponent of polyamory.[129] In Germany the stirnerists Adolf Brand and John Henry Mackay were pioneering campaigners for the acceptance of male bisexuality and homosexuality.
.More recently, the British anarcho-pacifist Alex Comfort gained notoriety during the sexual revolution for writing the bestseller sex manual The Joy of Sex.^ Novelist, author, pacifist & anarchist, SIA representative in Britain during the Spanish Revolution.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There was undoubtedly an advanced force, and during the Cultural Revolution this became a huge force; but, as there always is, there were more advanced, more intermediate, and more backward people on that and every other question.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ British physician, anarchist, poet, novelist, anti-nuke activist, sexologist [ The Joy of Sex ], etc....
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The issue of free love has a dedicated treatment in the work of french anarcho-hedonist philosopher Michel Onfray in such works as Théorie du corps amoureux : pour une érotique solaire (2000) and L'invention du plaisir : fragments cyréaniques (2002).^ It is a work such as one might expect to have been written by a philosopher and man of genius who was also a friar, and who had spent twenty-seven years of his life in a prison of the Inquisition.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

Libertarian education

Francesc Ferrer i Guàrdia, Catalan anarchist pedagogue
.In 1901, Spanish anarchist and free-thinker Francesc Ferrer i Guàrdia established "modern" or progressive schools in Barcelona in defiance of an educational system controlled by the Catholic Church.^ French anarchist, free thinker & freemason.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anarchist & anarcho-syndicalist, free thinker.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ French anarchiste, free thinker, pacifist.
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[130] .The schools' stated goal was to "educate the working class in a rational, secular and non-coercive setting". Fiercely anti-clerical, Ferrer believed in "freedom in education", education free from the authority of church and state.^ For with the exception of the community of women and property, he supposes everything to be the same in both states; there is to be the same education; the citizens of both are to live free from servile occupations, and there are to be common meals in both.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Anti-authoritarian educator, established his school, Summerhill.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She has always been an avid reader of non-fiction works designed to educate rather than entertain.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

[131] .Murray Bookchin wrote: "This period [1890s] was the heyday of libertarian schools and pedagogical projects in all areas of the country where Anarchists exercised some degree of influence.^ There has been some good as well as evil in the discipline of suffering; and there are diseases, such as consumption, which have exercised a refining and softening influence on the character.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Pete area are crawling with these mentally diseased whackjob types, and some of them post here on this site, as we have all seen.
  • Right-Wing Racist Terrorist Neo-Nazi Extremists Infiltrate U.S. Military | ItsYourTimes.com 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.itsyourtimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The anarchist is the enemy of humanity, the enemy of all mankind, & his is a deeper degree of criminality than any other.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Perhaps the best-known effort in this field was Francisco Ferrer's Modern School (Escuela Moderna), a project which exercised a considerable influence on Catalan education and on experimental techniques of teaching generally."^ Francisco Ferrer , founder of the Modern School movement in Spain.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Based on libertarian principles & the educational ideas of Ferrer, founded schools world-wide during the 20th century (variously named Escuela Moderna, l'Ecole Ferrer, Modern School, Summerhill, etc.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The illusion of the feelings commonly called love, has hitherto been the inspiring influence of modern poetry and romance, and has exercised a humanizing if not a strengthening influence on the world.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.[132] La Escuela Moderna, and Ferrer's ideas generally, formed the inspiration for a series of Modern Schools in the United States[130], Cuba, South America and London.^ Francisco Ferrer , founder of the Modern School movement in Spain.
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^ Mxico: A group formed by the Colombian anarchist Juan Francisco Moncaleano, takes the name of "Grupo Luz" (Light) & creates a school based on the Modern School model of the Spaniard, Francisco Ferrer , in Mxico City.
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^ Only such a complete CIA housecleaning as this will redeem the United States of America in the eyes of the world.

The first of these was started in New York City in 1911. It also inspired the Italian newspaper Università popolare, founded in 1901.
Another libertarian tradition is that of unschooling and the free school in which child-led activity replaces pedagogic approaches. Experiments in Germany led to A. S. Neill founding what became Summerhill School in 1921.[133] Summerhill is often cited as an example of anarchism in practice.[134] .However, although Summerhill and other free schools are radically libertarian, they differ in principle from those of Ferrer by not advocating an overtly-political class struggle-approach.^ Based on libertarian principles & the educational ideas of Ferrer, founded schools world-wide during the 20th century (variously named Escuela Moderna, l'Ecole Ferrer, Modern School, Summerhill, etc.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The cases of successful political defiance-or nonviolent struggle for political ends-cited above indicate that the means do exist for populations to free themselves, but that option has remained undeveloped.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Why, in the first place, although they are all of a good sort, are not some better than others?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

[135] .In addition to organizing schools according to libertarian principles, anarchists have also questioned the concept of schooling per se.^ Italy: Anarchist congress held June 16 - 20, in Rome, where Luigi Fabbri raises the question of anarchist organization, concludes.
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^ Before the largest free-thought organization of Philadelphia, the Friendship Liberal League, the anarchist feminist critiques the freethinkers' "partial application of the principles of freedom."
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^ Spanish anarchist founder of La Escuela Moderna, inspires "Modern Schools" & libertarian pedagogists worldwide.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The term deschooling was popularized by Ivan Illich, who argued that the school as an institution is dysfunctional for self-determined learning and serves the creation of a consumer society instead.^ I am not arguing that all scientists involved with the bomb were Jews, only that the physicists who contributed most to the creation of the bomb were Jews.
  • Creators of the atomic bomb: debasing nuclear power into a totalitarian order in the new world 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.heaven-words.com [Source type: Original source]

^ What institutions of the society can be regained from the dictators' control, or what institutions need to be newly created by the democrats to meet their needs and establish spheres of democracy even while the dictatorship continues?
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Instead, the struggle is fought by psychological, social, economic, and political weapons applied by the population and the institutions of the society.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

[136]

Internal issues and debates

The usage of violence is a subject of much dispute in anarchism.
.Anarchism is a philosophy which embodies many diverse attitudes, tendencies and schools of thought; as such, disagreement over questions of values, ideology and tactics is common.^ Another related issue that seems to encourage a pronatalist attitude in many people is the question of the differential reproduction of social or ethnic groups.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Particularly, strategists will need to answer many fundamental questions, such as these: What are the main obstacles to achieving freedom?
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But we were afraid to enter upon a subject of such difficulty, and now the question recurs and has not grown easier:—How may philosophy be safely studied?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

The compatibility of capitalism,[4] nationalism and religion with anarchism is widely disputed. Similarly, anarchism enjoys complex relationships with ideologies such as Marxism, communism and capitalism. .Anarchists may be motivated by humanism, divine authority, enlightened self-interest or any number of alternative ethical doctrines.^ It may be admitted further that right and utility are co-extensive, and that he who makes the happiness of mankind his object has one of the highest and noblest motives of human action.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ His general meaning is that divine creation is perfect, and is represented or presided over by a perfect or cyclical number; human generation is imperfect, and represented or presided over by an imperfect number or series of numbers.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Population reduction seems aimed at managing what may be viewed by the elite as unsustainable human numbers.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

Phenomena such as civilization, technology (e.g. within .anarcho-primitivism and insurrectionary anarchism), and the democratic process may be sharply criticised within some anarchist tendencies and simultaneously lauded in others.^ Democrats should be wary of the traps which may be deliberately built into a negotiation process by the dictators.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Now, a lot of anarchists, and some others, talk about how you shouldn't have a state.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Granting rights to other Italians had previously proved impossible, yet it may have been within the reach of someone of Gaius influence over the people to achieve this.

.Anarchist attitudes towards race, gender and the environment have changed significantly since the modern origin of the philosophy in the 18th century.^ And therefore we are not surprised to find that the idea of progress is of modern rather than of ancient date; and, like the idea of a philosophy of history, is not more than a century or two old.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.On a tactical level, while propaganda of the deed was a tactic used by anarchists in the 19th century (e.g.^ French anarchist & practitioner of "propaganda by the deed."
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^ Anarchist advocate of "propaganda by the deed," he killed the impratrice Elisabeth of Austria, (September 10, 1878) & got, at age 25, life in prison.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

the .Nihilist movement), contemporary anarchists espouse alternative direct action methods such as nonviolence, counter-economics and anti-state cryptography to bring about an anarchist society.^ Will enough transform to bring about a transformed society?
  • Gore Vidal: ‘We’ll Have a Dictatorship Soon in the US’ | CommonDreams.org 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

^ Russian anarchist, Direct-action assassin.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Secrecy, deception, and underground conspiracy pose very difficult problems for a movement using nonviolent action.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

.About the scope of an anarchist society, some anarchists advocate a global one, while others do so by local ones.^ The modern and ancient philosophical world are not agreed about truth and falsehood; the one identifies truth almost exclusively with fact, the other with ideas.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ At that point it will no longer be a question in society about whether one group among the people is going to oppress and dominate another.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Blacks (of Africa) other than inventing AIDS…yes one of them had some sort of monkey sex.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

[137] .The diversity in anarchism has led to widely different use of identical terms among different anarchist traditions, which has led to many definitional concerns in anarchist theory.^ The common term under which, through the accidental use of language, two entirely different ideas were included was another source of confusion.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The infrastructure is monolithic and centralized, so common tools and techniques can be used to dismantle it in many different places, simultaneously if possible.

^ It is widely read by Italian anarchists in many countries including those in North Africa.
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Related pages


Footnotes

  1. ^ Malatesta, Errico. "Towards Anarchism". MAN! (Los Angeles: International Group of San Francisco). OCLC 3930443. http://www.marxists.org/archive/malatesta/1930s/xx/toanarchy.htm.  Agrell, Siri (2007-05-14). "Working for The Man". The Globe and Mail. http://www.theglobeandmail.com/servlet/story/RTGAM.20070514.wxlanarchist14/BNStory/lifeWork/home/. Retrieved 2008-04-14.  "Anarchism". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service. 2006. http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9117285. Retrieved 2006-08-29.  "Anarchism". The Shorter Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy: 14. 2005. "Anarchism is the view that a society without the state, or government, is both possible and desirable.".  The following sources cite anarchism as a political philosophy: Mclaughlin, Paul (2007). Anarchism and Authority. Aldershot: Ashgate. p. 59. ISBN 0754661962.  Johnston, R. (2000). The Dictionary of Human Geography. Cambridge: Blackwell Publishers. p. 24. ISBN 0631205616. 
  2. ^ a b c Slevin, Carl. "Anarchism." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics. Ed. Iain McLean and Alistair McMillan. Oxford University Press, 2003.
  3. ^ Ward, Colin (1966). "Anarchism as a Theory of Organization". http://www.panarchy.org/ward/organization.1966.html. Retrieved 1 March 2010. 
  4. ^ a b "Anarchism." The Oxford Companion to Philosophy, Oxford University Press, 2007, p. 31.
  5. ^ Sylvan, Richard (1995). "Anarchism". in Goodwin, Robert E. and Pettit. A Companion to Contemporary Political Philosophy. Philip. Blackwell Publishing. p. 231. 
  6. ^ a b Ostergaard, Geoffrey. "Anarchism". The Blackwell Dictionary of Modern Social Thought. Blackwell Publishing. p. 14.
  7. ^ Kropotkin, Peter (2002). Anarchism: A Collection of Revolutionary Writings. Courier Dover Publications. p. 5. R.B. Fowler (1972). "The Anarchist Tradition of Political Thought". Western Political Quarterly 25 (4): 738–752. doi:10.2307/446800. 
  8. ^ a b Brooks, Frank H. (1994). The Individualist Anarchists: An Anthology of Liberty (1881–1908). Transaction Publishers. p. xi. "Usually considered to be an extreme left-wing ideology, anarchism has always included a significant strain of radical individualism, from the hyperrationalism of Godwin, to the egoism of Stirner, to the libertarians and anarcho-capitalists of today" 
  9. ^ Joseph Kahn (2000). "Anarchism, the Creed That Won’t Stay Dead; The Spread of World Capitalism Resurrects a Long-Dormant Movement". The New York Times (5 August). Colin Moynihan (2007). "Book Fair Unites Anarchists. In Spirit, Anyway". New York Times (16 April). 
  10. ^ Stringham, Edward (2007). Stringham, Edward. ed. Anarchy and the Law. The Political Economy of Choice.. Transaction Publishers. p. 720. 
  11. ^ a b Tormey, Simon, Anti-Capitalism, A Beginner's Guide, Oneworld Publications, 2004, pp. 118-119.
  12. ^ Skirda, Alexandre. Facing the Enemy: A History of Anarchist Organization from Proudhon to May 1968. AK Press, 2002, p. 191.
  13. ^ Fowler, R.B. "The Anarchist Tradition of Political Thought." The Western Political Quarterly, Vol. 25, No. 4. (December, 1972), pp. 743–744.
  14. ^ Anarchy. Merriam-Webster online.
  15. ^ Liddell, Henry George, & Scott, Robert, "A Greek-English Lexicon"[1].
  16. ^ Liddell, Henry George; Scott, Robert. A Greek-English Lexicon. http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%2315894. 
  17. ^ Nettlau, Max (1996). A Short History of Anarchism. Freedom Press. p. 162. ISBN 0900384891. 
  18. ^ Russell, Dean. Who is a Libertarian?, Foundation for Economic Education, "Ideas on Liberty," May, 1955.
  19. ^
    • Ward, Colin. Anarchism: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press 2004 p. 62
    • Goodway, David. Anarchists Seed Beneath the Snow. Liverpool Press. 2006, p. 4
    • MacDonald, Dwight & Wreszin, Michael. Interviews with Dwight Macdonald. University Press of Mississippi, 2003. p. 82
    • Bufe, Charles. The Heretic's Handbook of Quotations. See Sharp Press, 1992. p. iv
    • Gay, Kathlyn. Encyclopedia of Political Anarchy. ABC-CLIO / University of Michigan, 2006, p. 126
    • Woodcock, George. Anarchism: A History of Libertarian Ideas and Movements. Broadview Press, 2004. (Uses the terms interchangeably, such as on page 10)
    • Skirda, Alexandre. Facing the Enemy: A History of Anarchist Organization from Proudhon to May 1968. AK Press 2002. p. 183.
    • Fernandez, Frank. Cuban Anarchism. The History of a Movement. See Sharp Press, 2001, page 9.
  20. ^ Perlin, Terry M. (1979). Contemporary Anarchism. Transaction Publishers. p. 40. 
  21. ^ Noam Chomsky, Carlos Peregrín Otero. Language and Politics. AK Press, 2004, p. 739.
  22. ^ Morris, Christopher. 1992. An Essay on the Modern State. Cambridge University Press. p. 61. (Using "libertarian anarchism" synonymously with "individualist anarchism" when referring to individualist anarchism that supports a market society).
  23. ^ Burton, Daniel C.. Libertarian anarchism. Libertarian Alliance. 
  24. ^ a b c d Peter Kropotkin, "Anarchism", Encyclopædia Britannica 1910.
  25. ^ Murray Rothbard. "Concepts of the role of intellectuals in social change toward laissez faire" (PDF). http://www.mises.org/journals/jls/9_2/9_2_3.pdf. Retrieved 2008-12-28. 
  26. ^ Cynics entry in the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy by Julie Piering
  27. ^ "Anarchism", Encarta Online Encyclopedia 2006 (UK version).
  28. ^ a b c d e "Anarchism", BBC Radio 4 program, In Our Time, Thursday 7 December 2006. Hosted by Melvyn Bragg of the BBC, with John Keane, Professor of Politics at University of Westminster, Ruth Kinna, Senior Lecturer in Politics at Loughborough University, and Peter Marshall, philosopher and historian.
  29. ^ Sheehan, Sean. Anarchism, London: Reaktion Books Ltd., 2004. p. 85.
  30. ^ a b c "William Godwin" article by Mark Philip in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2006-05-20
  31. ^ Godwin himself attributed the first anarchist writing to Edmund Burke's A Vindication of Natural Society. "Most of the above arguments may be found much more at large in Burke's Vindication of Natural Society; a treatise in which the evils of the existing political institutions are displayed with incomparable force of reasoning and lustre of eloquence…" – footnote, Ch. 2 Political Justice by William Godwin.
  32. ^ Liberty XIV (December, 1900):1).
  33. ^ Daniel Guerin, Anarchism: From Theory to Practice (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1970).
  34. ^ Jonathan Purkis and James Bowen, "Introduction: Why Anarchism Still Matters", in Jonathan Purkis and James Bowen (eds), Changing Anarchism: Anarchist Theory and Practice in a Global Age (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2004), p. 3.
  35. ^ Breunig, Charles (1977). The Age of Revolution and Reaction, 1789–1850. New York, N.Y: W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 0-393-09143-0. 
  36. ^ Blin, Arnaud (2007). The History of Terrorism. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 116. ISBN 0520247094. 
  37. ^ Dodson, Edward (2002). The Discovery of First Principles: Volume 2. Authorhouse. p. 312. ISBN 0595249124. 
  38. ^ Thomas, Paul (1985). Karl Marx and the Anarchists. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. p. 187. ISBN 0710206852. 
  39. ^ Thomas, Paul (1980). Karl Marx and the Anarchists. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. p. 304. ISBN 0710206852. 
  40. ^ Bak, Jǹos (1991). Liberty and Socialism. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. p. 236. ISBN 0847676803. 
  41. ^ Engel, Barbara (2000). Mothers and Daughters. Evanston: Northwestern University Press. p. 140. ISBN 0810117401. 
  42. ^ a b "On the International Workingmen's Association and Karl Marx" in Bakunin on Anarchy, translated and edited by Sam Dolgoff, 1971.
  43. ^ Bakunin, Mikhail (1991) [1873]. Statism and Anarchy. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-36973-8. 
  44. ^ Graham, Robert 'Anarchism (Montreal: Black Rose Books 2005) ISBN 1–55164–251–4.
  45. ^ Resolutions from the St. Imier Congress, in Anarchism: A Documentary History of Libertarian Ideas, Vol. 1, p. 100 [2]
  46. ^ a b c Foner, Philip Sheldon (1986). May day: a short history of the international workers' holiday, 1886-1986. New York: International Publishers. p. 56. ISBN 0717806243. 
  47. ^ Avrich, Paul (1984). The Haymarket Tragedy. Princeton: Princeton University Press. p. 190. ISBN 0691006008. 
  48. ^ Avrich. The Haymarket Tragedy. p. 193. 
  49. ^ "Patrolman Mathias J. Degan". The Officer Down Memorial Page, Inc. http://www.odmp.org/officer/3972-patrolman-mathias-j.-degan. Retrieved 2008-01-19. 
  50. ^ Chicago Tribune, 27 June 1886, quoted in Avrich. The Haymarket Tragedy. p. 209. 
  51. ^ "Act II: Let Your Tragedy Be Enacted Here". The Dramas of Haymarket. Chicago Historical Society. 2000. http://www.chicagohistory.org/dramas/act2/act2.htm. Retrieved 2008-01-19. 
  52. ^ Foner. May Day. p. 42. 
  53. ^ Extract of Malatesta's declaration (French)
  54. ^ Skirda, Alexandre (2002). Facing the enemy: a history of anarchist organization from Proudhon to May 1968. A. K. Press. p. 89. ISBN 1902593197. 
  55. ^ Beevor, Antony (2006). The Battle for Spain: The Spanish Civil War 1936-1939. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 24. ISBN 978-0297-848325. 
  56. ^ Carley, Mark "Trade union membership 1993–2003" (International:SPIRE Associates 2004).
  57. ^ "Action as Propaganda" by Johann Most, July 25, 1885
  58. ^ quoted in Billington, James H. 1998. Fire in the minds of men: origins of the revolutionary faith New Jersey: Transaction Books, p 417.
  59. ^ Historian Benedict Anderson thus writes:
    "In March 1871 the Commune took power in the abandoned city and held it for two months. Then Versailles seized the moment to attack and, in one horrifying week, executed roughly 20,000 Communards or suspected sympathizers, a number higher than those killed in the recent war or during Robespierre’s ‘Terror’ of 1793–94. More than 7,500 were jailed or deported to places like New Caledonia. Thousands of others fled to Belgium, England, Italy, Spain and the United States. In 1872, stringent laws were passed that ruled out all possibilities of organizing on the left. Not till 1880 was there a general amnesty for exiled and imprisoned Communards. Meanwhile, the Third Republic found itself strong enough to renew and reinforce Louis Napoleon’s imperialist expansion– in Indochina, Africa, and Oceania. Many of France’s leading intellectuals and artists had participated in the Commune (Courbet was its quasi-minister of culture, Rimbaud and Pissarro were active propagandists) or were sympathetic to it. The ferocious repression of 1871 and thereafter, was probably the key factor in alienating these milieux from the Third Republic and stirring their sympathy for its victims at home and abroad." (in Benedict Anderson (July -August 2004). "In the World-Shadow of Bismarck and Nobel". New Left Review. http://newleftreview.org/?view=2519. )
    According to some analysts, in post-war Germany, the prohibition of the Communist Party (KDP) and thus of institutional far-left political organization may also, in the same manner, have played a role in the creation of the Red Army Faction.
  60. ^ Dirlik, Arif (1991). Anarchism in the Chinese Revolution. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 0520072979. 
  61. ^ Avrich, Paul (2006). The Russian Anarchists. Stirling: AK Press. p. 204. ISBN 1904859488. 
  62. ^ Goldman, Emma (2003). "Preface". My Disillusionment in Russia. New York: Dover Publications. p. xx. ISBN 048643270X. "My critic further charged me with believing that "had the Russians made the Revolution à la Bakunin instead of à la Marx" the result would have been different and more satisfactory. I plead guilty to the charge. In truth, I not only believe so; I am certain of it." 
  63. ^ Nomad, Max (1966). "The Anarchist Tradition title = Revolutionary Internationals 1864 1943". in Drachkovitch, Milorad M.. Stanford University Press. p. 88. ISBN 0804702934. 
  64. ^ Dielo Trouda (2006) [1926]. Organizational Platform of the General Union of Anarchists (Draft). Italy: FdCA. http://www.anarkismo.net/newswire.php?story_id=1000. Retrieved 2006-10-24. 
  65. ^ Holbrow, Marnie, "Daring but Divided" (Socialist Review November 2002).
  66. ^ Berry, David. "Fascism or Revolution." Le Libertaire. August 1936).
  67. ^ Beevor, Antony (2006). The Battle for Spain: The Spanish Civil War 1936-1939. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 46. ISBN 978-0297-848325. 
  68. ^ Bolloten, Burnett (1984-11-15). The Spanish Civil War: Revolution and Counterrevolution. University of North Carolina Press. pp. 1107. ISBN 978-0807819067. 
  69. ^ Birchall, Ian (2004). Sartre Against Stalinism. Berghahn Books. p. 29. ISBN 1571815422. 
  70. ^ Thomas 1985, p. 4
  71. ^ McLaughlin, Paul (2007). Anarchism and Authority. Aldershot: Ashgate. ISBN 0754661962. 
  72. ^ a b Williams, Leonard (September 2007). "Anarchism Revived". New Political Science 29 (3): 297–312. doi:10.1080/07393140701510160. 
  73. ^ David Graeber and Andrej Grubacic, "Anarchism, Or The Revolutionary Movement Of The Twenty-first Century", ZNet, retrieved 2007-12-13
  74. ^ a b c Rupert, Mark (2006). Globalization and International Political Economy. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. p. 66. ISBN 0742529436. 
  75. ^ Adams, Ian.Political Ideology Today p. 115. Manchester University Press, 2001.
  76. ^ Anarchism, The New Encyclopedia of Social Reform (1908).
  77. ^ Harrison, Kevin and Boyd, Tony. Understanding Political Ideas and Movements. Manchester University Press 2003, p. 251.
  78. ^ Outhwaite, William & Tourain, Alain (Eds.). (2003). Anarchism. The Blackwell Dictionary of Modern Social Thought (2nd Edition, p. 12). Blackwell Publishing.
  79. ^ Wayne Gabardi, review of Anarchism by David Miller, published in American Political Science Review Vol. 80, No. 1. (Mar., 1986), pp. 300-302.
  80. ^ Klosko, George. Political Obligations. Oxford University Press 2005. p. 4.
  81. ^ Avrich, Paul. Anarchist Voices: An Oral History of Anarchism in America. Princeton University Press, 1996, p. 6.
  82. ^ Esenwein, George Richard "Anarchist Ideology and the Working Class Movement in Spain, 1868–1898" [p. 135].
  83. ^ "A member of a community," The Mutualist; this 1826 series criticised Robert Owen's proposals, and has been attributed to a dissident Owenite, possibly from the Friendly Association for Mutual Interests of Valley Forge; Wilbur, Shawn, 2006, "More from the 1826 "Mutualist"?".
  84. ^ Proudhon, Solution to the Social Problem, ed. H. Cohen (New York: Vanguard Press, 1927), p. 45.
  85. ^ Proudhon, Pierre-Joseph (1979). The Principle of Federation. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. ISBN 0802054587. "The notion of anarchy in politics is just as rational and positive as any other. It means that once industrial functions have taken over from political functions, then business transactions alone produce the social order." 
  86. ^ "Communism versus Mutualism", Socialistic, Communistic, Mutualistic and Financial Fragments. (Boston: Lee & Shepard, 1875) William Batchelder Greene: "Under the mutual system, each individual will receive the just and exact pay for his work; services equivalent in cost being exchangeable for services equivalent in cost, without profit or discount; and so much as the individual laborer will then get over and above what he has earned will come to him as his share in the general prosperity of the community of which he is an individual member."
  87. ^ Avrich, Paul. Anarchist Voices: An Oral History of Anarchism in America, Princeton University Press 1996 ISBN 0-69-04494-5, p.6
    Blackwell Encyclopaedia of Political Thought, Blackwell Publishing 1991 ISBN 0-631-17944-5, p. 11.
  88. ^ Pierre-Joseph Proudhon. What Is Property? Princeton, MA: Benjamin R. Tucker, 1876. p. 281.
  89. ^ "What do I mean by individualism? I mean by individualism the moral doctrine which, relying on no dogma, no tradition, no external determination, appeals only to the individual conscience."Mini-Manual of Individualism by Han Ryner
  90. ^ "I do not admit anything except the existence of the individual, as a condition of his sovereignty. To say that the sovereignty of the individual is conditioned by Liberty is simply another way of saying that it is conditioned by itself.""Anarchism and the State" in Individual Liberty
  91. ^ Everhart, Robert B. The Public School Monopoly: A Critical Analysis of Education and the State in American Society. Pacific Institute for Public Policy Research, 1982. p. 115.
  92. ^ Adams, Ian. Political Ideology Today. Manchester University Press, 2001. p. 116.
  93. ^ Godwin, William (1796) [1793]. Enquiry Concerning Political Justice and its Influence on Modern Morals and Manners. G.G. and J. Robinson. OCLC 2340417. 
  94. ^ Britannica Concise Encyclopedia. Retrieved 7 December 2006, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online.
  95. ^ a b Paul McLaughlin. Anarchism and Authority: A Philosophical Introduction to Classical Anarchism. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2007. p. 119.
  96. ^ Paul McLaughlin. Anarchism and Authority: A Philosophical Introduction to Classical Anarchism. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2007. p. 123.
  97. ^ Goodway, David. Anarchist Seeds Beneath the Snow. Liverpool University Press, 2006, p. 99.
  98. ^ a b "Max Stirner" article by David Leopold in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2006-08-04
  99. ^ The Encyclopedia Americana: A Library of Universal Knowledge. Encyclopedia Corporation. p. 176.
  100. ^ Miller, David. "Anarchism." 1987. The Blackwell Encyclopaedia of Political Thought. Blackwell Publishing. p. 11.
  101. ^ "What my might reaches is my property; and let me claim as property everything I feel myself strong enough to attain, and let me extend my actual property as fas as I entitle, that is, empower myself to take…" In Ossar, Michael. 1980. Anarchism in the Dramas of Ernst Toller. SUNY Press. p. 27.
  102. ^ Nyberg, Svein Olav. "max stirner". Non Serviam. http://www.nonserviam.com/stirner/philosophy/index.html. Retrieved 2008-12-04. 
  103. ^ Thomas, Paul (1985). Karl Marx and the Anarchists. London: Routledge/Kegan Paul. pp. 142. ISBN 0710206852. 
  104. ^ Carlson, Andrew (1972). "Philosophical Egoism: German Antecedents". Anarchism in Germany. Metuchen: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0810804840. http://tmh.floonet.net/articles/carlson.html. Retrieved 2008-12-04. 
  105. ^ "This does not mean that the majority thread within the anarchist movement is uncritical of individualist anarchism. Far from it! Social anarchists have argued that this influence of non-anarchist ideas means that while its "criticism of the State is very searching, and [its] defence of the rights of the individual very powerful," like Spencer it "opens . . . the way for reconstituting under the heading of 'defence' all the functions of the State." Section G - Is individualist anarchism capitalistic? An Anarchist FAQ
  106. ^ Ostergaard, Geoffrey. "Anarchism". A Dictionary of Marxist Thought. Blackwell Publishing, 1991. p. 21.
  107. ^ Morris, Brian. Bakunin: The Philosophy of Freedom. Black Rose Books Ltd., 1993. p. 76.
  108. ^ Rae, John. Contemporary Socialism. C. Scribner's sons, 1901, Original from Harvard University. p. 261.
  109. ^ a b Patsouras, Louis. 2005. Marx in Context. iUniverse. p. 54.
  110. ^ Avrich, Paul. 2006. Anarchist Voices: An Oral History of Anarchism in America. AK Press. p. 5.
  111. ^ Kropotkin, Peter (2007). "13". The Conquest of Bread. Edinburgh: AK Press. ISBN 9781904859109. 
  112. ^ Bakunin, Mikhail (1990). Statism and Anarchy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521361826. "They [the Marxists] maintain that only a dictatorship – their dictatorship, of course – can create the will of the people, while our answer to this is: No dictatorship can have any other aim but that of self-perpetuation, and it can beget only slavery in the people tolerating it; freedom can be created only by freedom, that is, by a universal rebellion on the part of the people and free organization of the toiling masses from the bottom up." 
  113. ^ Guillaume, James (1876). "Ideas on Social Organization". http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/guillaume/works/ideas.htm. 
  114. ^ Puente, Isaac."Libertarian Communism". The Cienfuegos Press Anarchist Review. Issue 6 Orkney 1982.
  115. ^ Miller. Blackwell Encyclopaedia of Political Thought, Blackwell Publishing (1991) ISBN 0-631-17944-5, p. 12.
  116. ^ Graeber, David and Grubacic, Andrej. Anarchism, Or The Revolutionary Movement Of The Twenty-first Century.
  117. ^ Christopher Gray, Leaving the Twentieth Century, p. 88.
  118. ^ Berry, David, A History of the French Anarchist Movement, 1917–1945 p. 134.
  119. ^ a b Iain Mckay, ed (2008). "Are there different types of social anarchism?". An Anarchist FAQ. Stirling: AK Press. ISBN 1902593901. OCLC 182529204. http://www.infoshop.org/faq/secA3.html#seca32. 
  120. ^ Anarchosyndicalism by Rudolf Rocker, retrieved 7 September 2006.
  121. ^ Perlin, Terry M. Contemporary Anarchism. Transaction Books, New Brunswick, NJ 1979
  122. ^ Edward Stringham, Anarchy, State, and Public Choice, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, 2005.
  123. ^ David Pepper (1996). Modern Environmentalism p. 44. Routledge.
  124. ^ Ian Adams (2001). Political Ideology Today p. 130. Manchester University Press.
  125. ^ a b c d The Free Love Movement and Radical Individualism By Wendy McElroy
  126. ^ Joanne E. Passet, "Power through Print: Lois Waisbrooker and Grassroots Feminism," in: Women in Print: Essays on the Print Culture of American Women from the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, James Philip Danky and Wayne A. Wiegand, eds., Madison, WI, University of Wisconsin Press, 2006; pp. 229-50.
  127. ^ Sochen, June. 1972. The New Woman: Feminism in Greenwich Village 1910-1920. New York: Quadrangle.
  128. ^ Katz, Jonathan Ned. Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A. (New York: Thomas Y. Crowell, 1976)
  129. ^ a b E. Armand and “la camaraderie amoureuse”. Revolutionary sexualism and the struggle against jealousy
  130. ^ a b Geoffrey C. Fidler (Spring/Summer 1985). "The Escuela Moderna Movement of Francisco Ferrer: "Por la Verdad y la Justicia"". History of Education Quarterly 25 (1/2): 103–132. doi:10.2307/368893. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0018-2680%28198521%2F22%2925%3A1%2F2%3C103%3ATEMMOF%3E2.0.CO%3B2-R&size=LARGE&origin=JSTOR-enlargePage. 
  131. ^ Francisco Ferrer's Modern School
  132. ^ Chapter 7, Anarchosyndicalism, The New Ferment. In Murray Bookchin, The Spanish anarchists: the heroic years, 1868-1936. AK Press, 1998, p.115. ISBN 187317604X
  133. ^ Purkis, Jon (2004). Changing Anarchism. Manchester: Manchester University Press. ISBN 0719066948. 
  134. ^ Andrew Vincent (2010) Modern Political Ideologies, 3rd edition, Oxford, Wiley-Blackwell p.129
  135. ^ Suissa, Judith (September/October 2005). The New Humanist 120 (5). http://newhumanist.org.uk/1288/anarchy-in-the-classroom Anarchy in the classroom. 
  136. ^ Illich, Ivan (1971). Deschooling Society. New York: Harper and Row. ISBN 0-06-012139-4. 
  137. ^ Ted Honderich, Carmen García Trevijano, Oxford Enciclopedy of Philosophy.

Further reading

.
  • Anarchism: A Documentary History of Libertarian Ideas. Robert Graham, editor.^ Russian-American anarchist, active with the Libertarian Book Club in NY. SPOONER, Lysander .
    • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Italian-American anarchist, co-founder Libertarian Book Club.
    • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Italian-American anarchist, cofounder of the Libertarian Book Club.
    • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
    • Volume One: From Anarchy to Anarchism (300CE to 1939) Black Rose Books, Montréal and London 2005. ISBN 1551642506.
    • Volume Two: The Anarchist Current (1939–2006) Black Rose Books, Montréal 2007. ISBN 9781551643113.
  • Anarchism, George Woodcock (Penguin Books, 1962).^ Austrian anarchist, activist, collector & scholar, author of The History of Anarchism (7 volumes).
    • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The book , a heavy black volume, was amateurishly bound, with no name or title on the cover.

    ^ American physicist, anarchist militant, cofounder Left Bank Books , Red & Black Books, Books to Prisoners (Seattle).
    • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    OCLC 221147531.
  • Anarchy: A Graphic Guide, Clifford Harper (Camden Press, 1987): An overview, updating Woodcock's classic, and illustrated throughout by Harper's woodcut-style artwork.
  • The Anarchist Reader, George Woodcock (ed.) .(Fontana/Collins 1977; ISBN 0006340113): An anthology of writings from anarchist thinkers and activists including Proudhon, Kropotkin, Bakunin, Malatesta, Bookchin, Goldman, and many others.
  • Anarchy and the Law: The Political Economy of Choice, Edward Stringham (Transaction Publishers, 2007; ISBN 1412805791): An overview of the major arguments and historical studies about private property anarchism.
  • Schmidt, Michael & van der Walt, Lucien.^ Anarchist thinker & activist.
    • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ US: Anarchist-feminist Emma Goldman speaks on "Will the Vote Free Woman: Woman Suffrage" to an audience of 300 women, many of whom are suffragists.
    • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In fact, Socrates expresses several central political theses in the Republic that appear in other Platonic dialogues, as well, especially in the Gorgias , Statesman , and Laws .
    • Plato's Ethics and Politics in The Republic (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .Black Flame: The Revolutionary Class Politics of Anarchism and Syndicalism, CounterPower Vol.^ See Robert Kern, Red Years, Black Years: A Political History of Spanish Anarchism, 1911-1937 , p25.
    • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    I
    . AK Press. 2009

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Anarchy, — the absence of a master, of a sovereign. ~ Pierre-Joseph Proudhon
.
The ideally non-violent state will be an ordered anarchy.
^ When you hear the word " anarchist " you probably think of a bomb-throwing assassin, and when you hear the word "anarchy" you think of violent rioters, turning order into chaos.

^ Ideally, because New California is in a state of order, the Dictator does not need to deploy her prerogative , which is her sovereign right to violate her own law.

^ Since The Republic is to be built on the ideals of order and goodness , the opinion s of the Guardians will be utterly in sync with state-sanctioned religion and morals.
  • The Republic@Everything2.com 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.That State is the best governed which is governed the least.^ Whereas the truth is that the State in which the rulers are most reluctant to govern is always the best and most quietly governed, and the State in which they are most eager, the worst.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Society is in every state a blessing, but Government, even in its best state, is but a necessary evil; in its worst state, an intolerable one."
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of the best ways to measure the impact of the government system a state implements, is comparing it vs similar states who took different choices.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

~ Mahatma Gandhi
This article is on the subject of Anarchism.

Contents

Dictionaries

Only the political/philosophical definition of anarchism is given here.
Merriam-Webster:[1]
  • "a political theory holding all forms of governmental authority to be unnecessary and undesirable and advocating a society based on voluntary cooperation and free association of individuals and groups"
  • the advocacy of anarchist principles: "one who rebels against any authority, established order, or ruling power"
American Heritage College Dictionary:[2]
  • "The theory or doctrine that all forms of government are oppressive and undesirable and should be abolished"
  • "Rejection of all forms of coercive control and authority"
Encarta World English Dictionary:[3]
  • "doctrine rejecting government: an ideology that rejects the need for a system of government in society and proposes its abolition"
  • "resistance to all forms of authority or control"
Cambridge International Dictionary:[4]
  • "the political belief that there should be little or no formal or official organization to society but that people should work freely together"
Wordsmyth English Dictionary:[5]
  • "a theory that advocates the abolition of all forms of government as a necessary step towards achieving political and social liberty."
The Ism Book:[6]
.
  • [From Greek anarchos: lacking a leader.] *"Anarchism is inspired by the moral-political ideal of a society untouched by relations of power and domination among human beings.^ Power is power over human beings.

    ^ Human beings and their societies didn't just appear one day, fully formed yet unaware of themselves.
    • ANARCHY.NET - Intelligent Anarchism for a Post-Globalist Future 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.anarchy.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Scientific Manipulation of Public Thinking “Science has given us, in succession, power over inanimate nature, power over plants and animals, and finally power over human beings.” “It is the manipulative type of idealists who will create the scientific society.

    This ideal has most often expressed itself in a doctrine advocating the total absence of government as the only firm basis for individual liberty and societal progress..."
The Oxford Dictionary of Sociology, 2nd edition (edited by Gordon Marshall):
  • "An array of philosophical and political positions arguing that human societies function best without government or authority, and which suggest that the natural state of people is one of living together harmoniously and freely, without intervention."
OneLook.com - many dictionaries' definitions of "anarchism"

Encyclopaediae

Definitions only - extended descriptions not included. It is assumed, here, that definitions can be found close to the beginning of the article, although this is disputed. For the best understanding of the term, read the full article.

Historical

Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910, written by Peter Kropotkin:[7]
  • "ANARCHISM (from the Gr. , and , contrary to authority), the name given to a principle or theory of life and conduct under which society is conceived without government - harmony in such a society being obtained, not by submission to law, or by obedience to any authority, but by free agreements concluded between the various groups, territorial and professional, freely constituted for the sake of production and consumption, as also for the satisfaction of the infinite variety of needs and aspirations of a civilized being"

Contemporary

Encyclopedia Britannica:[8]
  • "cluster of doctrines and attitudes centered on the belief that government is both harmful and unnecessary"
MS Encarta Encyclopedia (UK version by Carl Levy):[9]
  • "political concept and social movement that advocates the abolition of any form of State, which is regarded as coercive, and its replacement with voluntary organization"
MS Encarta Encyclopedia (North American version):[10]
  • "political theory that is opposed to all forms of government"
The Shorter Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2005:
  • "Anarchism is the view that a society without the state, or government, is both possible and desirable."
Columbia Encyclopedia:[11]
  • "theory that equality and justice are to be sought through the abolition of the state and the substitution of free agreements between individuals"
  • "Since the Industrial Revolution, anarchists have also opposed the concentration of economic power in business corporations"
Catholic Encyclopedia:[12]
  • "Anarchy means an absence of law. Sociologically it is the modern theory which proposes to do away with all existing forms of government and to organize a society which will exercise all its functions without any controlling or directive authority"
The Ism Book (extended def):[13]
.
  • "Anarchism is inspired by the moral-political ideal of a society untouched by relations of power and domination among human beings.^ Power is power over human beings.

    ^ Human beings and their societies didn't just appear one day, fully formed yet unaware of themselves.
    • ANARCHY.NET - Intelligent Anarchism for a Post-Globalist Future 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.anarchy.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Until, then, kings are philosophers, or philosophers are kings, cities will never cease from ill: no, nor the human race; nor will our ideal polity ever come into being.
    • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

    .This ideal has most often expressed itself in a doctrine advocating the total absence of government as the only firm basis for individual liberty and societal progress -- a doctrine that some argue animates even Marxism (since Marx believed that eventually the state would wither away).^ In Engels’s famous formulation, the state “withers away.” This withering away has been regarded as unlikely, even fantastic, by bourgeois and anarchist critics who are apparently incapable of recognizing the differences in form and function between the capitalist and state and the proletarian state.

    ^ In an article entitled The Futility of Government it said that the expropriations that were taking place would lead ipso facto to the "liquidation of the bourgeois state which would die of asphyxiation".
    • An Anarchist Perspective on the Spanish Civil War 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.english.illinois.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ And I can only believe that good, reasonable people would choose to live here because they have some hope of changing everything.

    .Anarchism differs from political libertarianism in upholding a lack of government rather than limited government.^ Czech lawyer/novelist whose anarchist influences & ideas provide an aesthetic (rather than political) embodiment.
    • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ They can differ on the magnitude of the governing clique, the military or civil nature of the authority, economic liberties granted for citizens, legality of political associations, legal framework, etc.
    • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Any institution, be it political, religious, or social, which seeks to consolidate power and control and limit the individual freedoms of those it intends to govern, is an undemocratic abomination.
    • Michael J. Totten: The Totalitarian Impulse 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

    .There are several variants of anarchism, usually categorized by whether the variant is collectivistic (e.g., anarcho-syndicalism) or individualistic (e.g., anarcho-capitalism) in orientation.^ And similarly there are a few internal debates between anarcho- capitalists, notably the tension between Rothbard's natural law anarcho-capitalism and David Friedman's more economistic anarcho-capitalism.
    • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Examination of these sites can also give a reasonable picture of how left-anarchism and anarcho- capitalism intellectually relate to the broader progressive and libertarian movements, respectively.
    • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ As for Capitalism being anarchism - LOL, well, as that fool Reagan would say: "there you go again".
    • Gore Vidal: ‘We’ll Have a Dictatorship Soon in the US’ | CommonDreams.org 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

    In popular usage, the term is often colored by the sometimes-violent anarchist political movement that was especially active in the years around 1900."

Theorists

Edward Abbey: "Anarchism is not a romantic fable but the hardheaded realization, based on five thousand years of experience, that we cannot entrust the management of our lives to kings, priests, politicians, generals, and county commissioners." (A Voice Crying in the Wilderness (Vox Clamantis en Deserto) : Notes from a Secret Journal, 1990)
.Henry Appleton: "It simply means opposed to the arbitrary rule of self-elected usurpers outside the Individual."^ We simply can't make exceptions to the "don't use or threaten force unless in self-defense" rule.

(The Boston Anarchists, 1886).
.Emile Armand: "As the word "anarchy" etymologically signifies the negation of governmental authority, the absence of government, it follows that one indissoluble bond unites the anarchists.^ One can conclude that the law governing the circulation of goods and ideas follow the same pattern; in Soviet mentality, objective facts ("goods") are exchanged for ideological words ("money").
  • Mikhail Epstein 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.emory.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ When you hear the word " anarchist " you probably think of a bomb-throwing assassin, and when you hear the word "anarchy" you think of violent rioters, turning order into chaos.

^ If we accept one traditional definition of socialism -- "advocacy of government ownership of the means of production" -- it seems that anarchists are not socialists by definition .
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.This is antagonism to all situations regulated by imposition, constraint, violence, governmental oppression, whether these are a product of all, a group, or of one person.^ One of the two main definitions associated with the concept of dictatorship refers to a single person, or a small group of people, controlling the government of a country.

^ At that point it will no longer be a question in society about whether one group among the people is going to oppress and dominate another.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ After all, the Republic provides a picture not just of a happy city but also of a happy individual person, and in Book One, Socrates argues that the ruler's task is to benefit the ruled.
  • Plato's Ethics and Politics in The Republic (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.In short, whoever denies that the intervention of government is for human relationships is an anarchist."^ Drawing on the Gospels' themes of nonviolence and the equality of all human beings, these anarchists condemn government as contrary to Christian teaching.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.William Bailie: "Modern Anarchism...is primarily a tendency - moral, social, and intellectual.^ Tagged with: anarchism , communist morality , drugs , social control .

.As a tendency it questions the supremacy of the State, the infallibility of statute laws, and the divine right of all authority, spiritual or temporal.^ VI. (clause 2) This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of the Land; and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby, any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any State to the Contrary notwithstanding.
  • The coming American dictatorship by John Silveira Issue #66 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.backwoodshome.com [Source type: Original source]

^ No, I said; not if we were right in the principle which was acknowledged by all of us when we were framing the State: the principle, as you will remember, was that one man cannot practise many arts with success.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And now, since the question is still undetermined, and you are taking in hand another State, we have resolved, as you heard, not to let you go until you give an account of all this.
  • Plato: Republic: Book V 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

.It is, in truth, a product of Authority, the progeny of the State, a direct consequences of the inadequacy of law and government to fulfill their assumed functions.^ And the creation of health is the institution of a natural order and government of one by another in the parts of the body; and the creation of disease is the production of a state of things at variance with this natural order?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It has been the objective of formal authority to substitute laws for direct experience because rulers understand how dangerous inspired thought is to the established order.
  • Creators of the atomic bomb: debasing nuclear power into a totalitarian order in the new world 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.heaven-words.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The 'state' in consequence, rather than the existence of the capitalist mode of production which gave rise to its particular form, often appeared as the major enemy.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.In short, the Anarchist tendency is a necessity of progress, a protest against usurpation, privilege, and injustice."^ Their protests against actual injustices must be seen in light of their ultimate aim of imposing even more ruthless despotism upon the people.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Local Portland anarchists organize protest against the court-martial & imprisonment of William Buwalda.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

(The Anarchist Spirit, 1906)
Michael Bakunin - Anarchism is "stateless socialism."[14]
.Alex Battig: "Anarchy is the true nature of all things.^ Any one who pretends to know all things is ignorant of the very nature of knowledge.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ True, I said; and this, Glaucon, like all the rest, must proceed after an orderly fashion; in a city of the blessed, licentiousness is an unholy thing which the rulers will forbid.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I all good things that was claimed is really a natural character of a dictatorship, then we should not have witnessed the hyperinflation in Zimbabwe or the irregularities in Burma.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

.Monarchy, democracy, communism, all useless forms to control the human mind.^ For example, William Giles in 1802 states in Congress: A great portion of the human mind has been at all times directed toward monarchy as the best form of government to enforce obedience and insure the general happiness; whereas another portion of the human mind has given a preference to the republican form as best calculated to produce the same end.

^ House of Lords], and a people voting by their representatives [a House of Commons] form the best monarchy, aristocracy, and democracy [available on eart].

^ Calls, chats and all other forms of communication on Skype continue to be encrypted and secure.
  • Race to the Bottom | Human Rights Watch 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.hrw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

But a mind cannot be controlled. It cannot be restrained. It has no boundaries. It has its will. .Anarchy is the true nature of all things."^ Any one who pretends to know all things is ignorant of the very nature of knowledge.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ True, I said; and this, Glaucon, like all the rest, must proceed after an orderly fashion; in a city of the blessed, licentiousness is an unholy thing which the rulers will forbid.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I all good things that was claimed is really a natural character of a dictatorship, then we should not have witnessed the hyperinflation in Zimbabwe or the irregularities in Burma.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

.Alexander Berkman: "Anarchism means you should be free; that no one should enslave you, boss you, rob you, or impose upon you.^ And no one will believe you .

^ You see in me what no one else can see .

^ No one will have anything to do with you .

.It means you should be free to do the things you want to do; and that you should not be compelled to do what you do not want to do.^ There should be no secret corner of illiberality; nothing can be more antagonistic than meanness to a soul which is ever longing after the whole of things both divine and human.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ You can allow a lot of debate about that, and should allow a lot of debate about it -- and a lot of criticism and struggle over many different things.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ You mean when money is not wanted, but allowed to lie?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

(...) .That is to say, that there should be no war, no violence used by one set of men against another, no monopoly and no poverty, no oppression, no taking advantage of your fellow-man.^ Will any one say that we should strengthen the monster and the lion at the expense of the man?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ That is the way in which Hellenes should war against one another—and against barbarians, as they war against one another now.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Theres no one in this world .

.In short, Anarchism means a condition or society where all men and women are free, and where all enjoy equally the benefits of an ordered and sensible life."^ It benefits everyone, all society and all people.

^ This made women equal to men and it only lasted for a short time.
  • Portugal parliament approves of gay marriage - Religion & Politics - General Discussion - MMORPG.com Forums 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.mmorpg.com [Source type: General]

^ As in, the end of child labor, the forty-hour work-week, the founding of America’s national parks — in short, all that totalitarian goose-stepping stuff that interferes with the natural order of human society, i.e.
  • Sadly, No! » Goldberg Ad Astra (Pt. II) 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.sadlyno.com [Source type: Original source]

Alexander Berkman: "...anarchism means voluntary co-operation instead of forced participation." ("Is anarchy possible?" from ABC of Anarchism 1927)
Alexander Berkman:"Certainly the worker has nothing to lose by a change from government and capitalism to a condition of no government, of anarchy."("Is anarchy possible?" from ABC of Anarchism 1927)
.Alexander Berkman:"Terrorism is tempting with its tremendous possibilities.^ Emma Goldman , there is a tremendous uproar; Alexander Berkman & a young anarchist, Becky Edelsohn, are arrested.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It offers a mechanical solution, as it were, in hopeless situations.
"... the principles of terrorism unavoidably rebound to the fatal injury of liberty and revolution. .Absolute power corrupts and defeats its partisans no less than its opponents.^ The bill gives FDA much more power than it has had in the past while making the agency less accountable for its actions.
  • HR 2749: Totalitarian Control of the Food Supply 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Balance is NOT an extreme..Not forced..No left no right…Balance is a comforting medium..Better and less painful than War… More Balanced than Religion…Balance food..Balance sleep…Balance leadership.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Moussavi is no less guilty than Ahmadinejad when it comes to workers right or other human right issues.

.A people that knows not liberty becomes accustomed to dictatorship: fighting despotism and counter-revolution, terrorism itself becomes their efficient school.^ Under the motto of “the fight against terrorism”, Europe will commit itself to the war on terrorism (whatever that truly means) and will use this fact to build up arms.
  • L. Gassmann Europe - a dictatorship 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.l-gassmann.de [Source type: Original source]

^ For either condition to exist, the people must know their Liberty.
  • ANARCHY.NET - Intelligent Anarchism for a Post-Globalist Future 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.anarchy.net [Source type: Original source]

^ They were the only people who were clear about the 'necessity' for the counter-revolution and had the determination to carry it through.
  • An Anarchist Perspective on the Spanish Civil War 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.english.illinois.edu [Source type: Original source]

."Once on the road of terrorism, the State necessarily becomes estranged from the people."^ The highest command position of the State " then no longer belongs to the whole people, but, temporarily or permanently, becomes the privileged domain of one or another group of citizens.

^ As the environment is being transformed by the machinations of the Nazi State, people are becoming alienated from one another and disconnected from the activities that make up their daily lives.
  • Dreaming in a Totalitarian Society 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.cassiopaea.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Nearly all the civilized peoples of the world at some period before the age of written records, have become monogamists; and the step when once taken has never been retraced.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.(The Bolshevik Myth in Anarchism: A Documentary History of Libertarian Ideas (Vol.^ Anarchism: A History of Libertarian Ideas and Movements # E.V. Zenker.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

1) by Robert Graham, ed. .(Montreal: Black Rose Books, 2005) p.^ Australian anarchist activist, founding member of Jura Books Collective in Sydney, & the Black Rose Anarchist Bookshop Collective, co-founder of the Anarres Books Collective in Melbourne.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

312.)
.Henry Bool: "Anarchism is the doctrine that government should be abolished."^ Anarchism is a negative; it holds that one thing, namely government, is bad and should be abolished.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Anarchism is defined by The American Heritage College Dictionary as "The theory or doctrine that all forms of government are unnecessary, oppressive, and undesirable and should be abolished."
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ If Britain was a "tyranny" which should be abolished, then the current federal government is an "absolute despotism."

(Henry Bool’s Apology for His Jeffersonian Anarchism, 1901)
.L. Susan Brown: "While the popular understanding of anarchism is of a violent, anti-State movement, anarchism is a much more subtle and nuanced tradition then a simple opposition to government power.^ This power is vested in the state or government."
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ And the government is the ruling power in each state?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The bill gives FDA much more power than it has had in the past while making the agency less accountable for its actions.
  • HR 2749: Totalitarian Control of the Food Supply 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Anarchists oppose the idea that power and domination are necessary for society, and instead advocate more co-operative, anti-hierarchical forms of social, political and economic organisation."^ Necessary sources of political power 18 .
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Necessary sources of political power .
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The second thesis does not please the anarchists who, though they had the merit of advancing the first, had the illusion that immediately after bourgeois power was smashed society could dispense with all forms of organised power and therefore with the political state, that is to say with a system of social violence.
  • Force, violence and dictatorship in the class struggle 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.sinistra.net [Source type: Original source]

(The Politics of Individualism, p. 106)
.Steven T. Byington: "Anarchism is a theory of political science and is opposed to government in the political sense."^ A more substantive variation is to argue that the opposing anarchism would be unstable and lead to the swift re- emergence of government.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The discipline for studying and analyzing power and government and associated genocide and mass murder is political science.
  • DEMOCIDE IN TOTALITARIAN STATES 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.hawaii.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Millikan wanted science to follow the tradition of private funding and not become dependent on the political interests of government.
  • Totalitarian science of quantum wholeness -- David Bohm: Krishnamurti orCusa 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.heaven-words.com [Source type: Original source]

.Noam Chomsky: "...anarchism can be conceived as a kind of voluntary socialism, that is, as libertarian socialist or anarcho-syndicalist or communist anarchist, in the tradition of, say, Bakunin and Peter Kropotkin and others.^ The first is broadly known as "left-anarchism," and encompasses anarcho-socialists, anarcho-syndicalists, and anarcho-communists.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Anarchist & anarcho-syndicalist, free thinker.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Militant anarchiste, syndicaliste rvolutionnaire puis communiste & socialiste.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They had in mind a highly organized form of society, but a society that was organized on the basis of organic units, organic communities.^ Subversive” is what Washington would label an organization like DAI if they behaved in the same way in the United States in behalf of a foreign government.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • scientific dictatorship « Therearenosunglasses’s Weblog 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC therearenosunglasses.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The key to making sense of constructive action in a situation of impending industrial collapse is to look at the community, rather than the individual or society as a whole, as the basic unit.

^ It’s highly unlikely that a black man with a background in community organizing really believes that expanding the war in Afghanistan is the right thing to do.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

.And generally, they meant by that the workplace and the neighborhood, and from those two basic units there could derive through federal arrangements a highly integrated kind of social organization which might be national or even international in scope.^ There are two basic replies to this argument.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Basic Facts about the United Nations, p.
  • Totalitarian Global Management: The UN's War on the Liberal International Economic Order 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.cato.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Organizing resistance , The Most Moral Army In the World , crimes against humanity , disinformation , idiot nation , image of the beast , monsters , there are no sunglasses .

.And these decisions could be made over a substantial range, but by delegates who are always part of the organic community from which they come, to which they return, and in which, in fact, they live."^ In the context of the day, these are surely the descriptions of a leader who is prepared for and willing to take part in violence.
  • Dragon Society - Real History, Dragon Philosophy and The Importance of Royal Bloodlines 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.bibliotecapleyades.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Because all of a sudden they would could be made victims of it.

^ Most of these journalists will have had an education in one discipline at most, but they are always telling us what to think on any issue that randomly holds a headline.
  • Secular Inquisition at the Royal Society | The Spectator 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.spectator.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

[15]
.Voltairine de Cleyre: "Anarchism, to me, means not only the denial of authority, not only a new economy, but a revision of the principles of morality.^ The New Anarchist The New Anarchist "Anarchism, to me, means not only the denial of authority, not only a new economy, but a revision of the principles of morality.

^ Voltairine de Cleyre .

^ The only means of protection open to Gracchus was to stand for a new term of tribune, as this would extend his immunity from prosecution.

.It means the development of the individual as well as the assertion of the individual.^ It has been these individuals who have possessed the means to influence society's development through the ages, and have done so for similar reasons.
  • ANARCHY.NET - Intelligent Anarchism for a Post-Globalist Future 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.anarchy.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The shorter will satisfy me.’ Well then, you would admit that the qualities of states mean the qualities of the individuals who compose them?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.It means self-responsibility, and not leader worship."^ It means self-responsibility, and not leader worship."

(A speech in defense of Emma Goldman)
."Anarchists work towards a society of mutual aid and voluntary co-operation.^ (Interestingly, Burke scholars are still debating whether the early Burke's quasi-anarchistic A Vindication of Natural Society was a serious work or a subtle satire.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ We need new rules for international co-operation and new ways of organizing our international institutions.” He also said, “Today the impulse towards interdependence is immeasurably greater.

^ Joining or creating a local community group, and helping to revive local civil society, will help provide your community with voluntary networks of cooperation and mutual aid in difficult times.

We reject all government and economic repression." (mission statement for Freedom)[16]
.Alex Comfort: "Anarchism is that political philosophy which advocates the maximization of individual responsibility and the reduction of concentrated power -- regal, dictatorial, parliamentary: the institutions which go loosely by the name of "government" -- to a vanishing minimum.^ Separate communities in Turkey had a great deal of autonomy, the economy was largely a free market, and the dictatorial government mainly restricted itself, as had the Ottoman Empire, to maintaining and assuring its power and repressing any political competition or opposition.
  • DEMOCIDE IN TOTALITARIAN STATES 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.hawaii.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anarchism is a negative; it holds that one thing, namely government, is bad and should be abolished.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Too much is at stake and too much can go awry to leave government power totally in the fickle hands and whims of the general population.

    • Barclay, Harold (1982). .People Without Government.^ Without some Malthusian moralism to keep expectations low, there’s no reason to accept small government and everything it refuses to do to help people.
      • The Totalitarian Temptation and all that — Crooked Timber 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC crookedtimber.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Canadian professor, wrote People Without Government: An Anthropology of Anarchism .
      • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ The coup government has now removed 5 basic civil liberties and has begun raiding homes at night without warrants, carrying people off to torture centers.
      • Totalitarian Rightists Put Orwellian Spin on Honduras Coup 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.thenation.com [Source type: Original source]

      London: Kahn & Averill. ISBN 0900707755 page=7.
       
Emma Goldman: "Anarchism: The philosophy of a new social order based on liberty unrestricted by man-made law; the theory that all forms of government rest on violence, and are therefore wrong and harmful, as well as unnecessary." [17]
Emma Goldman:"Anarchy stands for the liberation of the human mind from the dominion of religion; the liberation of the human body from the dominion of property; liberation from the shackles and restraints of government."
.Emma Goldman:"John Burroughs has stated that experimental study of animals in captivity is absolutely useless.^ US: Emma Goldman concludes a nine-month lecture tour of 11 states, which began in Barre, Vermont, where she is hosted by Salvatore Palavicini.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ US: Emma Goldman begins a 12-state lecture tour this month, through June.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ US: Emma Goldman begins a nine-month lecture tour of 11 states, beginning in Barre, Vt., where she is hosted by Salvatore Palavicini.
  • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Their character, their habits, their appetites undergo a complete transformation when torn from their soil in field and forest. .With human nature caged in a narrow space, whipped daily into submission, how can we speak of its potentialities?"^ Human nature is coined into very small pieces, and as our guardians have their own business already, which is the care of freedom, they will have enough to do without imitating.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Among early enquirers into the nature of human action the arts helped to fill up the void of speculation; and at first the comparison of the arts and the virtues was not perceived by them to be fallacious.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And human nature, Adeimantus, appears to have been coined into yet smaller pieces, and to be as incapable of imitating many things well, as of performing well the actions of which the imitations are copies.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

Bill Christopher, jack Robinson, Philip Sansom and Peter Turner: "Anarchism is a philosophy of freedom. .It is a body of revolutionary ideas which reconciles, as no other revolutionary concept does, the necessity for individual freedom woth the demands of society.^ The only limit on individual freedom should be that it does not interfere with the freedom of others.
  • An Anarchist Perspective on the Spanish Civil War 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.english.illinois.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ "Freedom" can correspond with this same "compulsion," however, when regarded as the "iron discipline" or "revolutionary violence" found in communist societies.
  • Mikhail Epstein 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.emory.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The Cultural Revolution does not call for the release of the Communists and other revolutionaries from the prisons of the United Arab Republic, Saudi Arabia, Jordan and other Arab states.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

.It is a commune-ist philosophy which starts from the individual and works upwards, instead of starting from the State and working downwards.^ Or shall we work to destroy the state and start fresh?
  • ANARCHY.NET - Intelligent Anarchism for a Post-Globalist Future 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.anarchy.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The Paris Commune has confirmed that the proletarian forces must smash the old state instead of entering it and taking it over; its means must not be legality but insurrection.
  • Force, violence and dictatorship in the class struggle 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.sinistra.net [Source type: Original source]

^ It has adopted as the new religion of the state “the philosophy, sycophant of rulers.” It is a philosophy which, in flattering the claim of individual reason to absolute and unlimited autonomy, flatters the claims of political power to totalitarian domination.
  • The Church and Totalitarian Democracy (1952) 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC woodstock.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Social structure in an anarchist society would be carefully and consciusly kept to a minimum and would be strictly functional; where organisation is necessary, it would be maintained, but there would be no organisation for its own sake.^ Have there been any historical examples of anarchist societies?
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The state serves society too, of course, and we all depend on it, but not for its own sake, as we have been deceived, and continue to deceive ourselves, into believing, but in order to exploit it, to the advantage of its social, political and professional elites.
  • Phil Hall: Could Britain become a dictatorship? | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Its cardinal assertion is a thoroughgoing monism, political, social, juridical, religious: there is only one Sovereign, one society, one law, one faith.
  • The Church and Totalitarian Democracy (1952) 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC woodstock.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

.This would help to prevent the hardening of organisations into instututions - the hard core of government."^ The government would pay insurance companies to help individuals buy policies on the new exchanges.

^ Federalism, the binding together loosely of the several states, would serve to prevent the concentration of power in a central government and was a crucial element in the new Republic.
  • A Republic, If You Can Keep It 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Google also argues that these voluntary actions would be much more effective with help from the U.S. government's executive branch: .
  • Race to the Bottom | Human Rights Watch 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.hrw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

(published in Freedom in 1970, included in The State is Your Enemy)
.Daniel Guerin: "Anarchism is really a synonym for socialism.^ Socialism Versus Anarchism , by Daniel DeLeon (1901) (pdf pamphlet): .
  • Right-Wing Racist Terrorist Neo-Nazi Extremists Infiltrate U.S. Military | ItsYourTimes.com 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.itsyourtimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Anarchism and Other Essays *# Daniel Guerin.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The anarchist is primarily a socialist whose aim is to abolish the exploitation of man by man.^ American lawyer, defended liberals, socialists, radicals & anarchists whose civil liberties he worked to uphold.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Anarchism is only one of the streams of socialist thought, that stream whose main components are concern for liberty and haste to abolish the State."^ There is only One Sovereign, the state.
  • The Church and Totalitarian Democracy (1952) 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC woodstock.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Anarchism is a negative; it holds that one thing, namely government, is bad and should be abolished.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ "I don't want to simply switch to the Tories or Liberal Democrats, I want a new contract with my state as a citizen, one that respects my civil liberties" .
  • Phil Hall: Could Britain become a dictatorship? | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

(Anarchism: A Matter of Words) [18]
Ammon Hennacy:"Oh, judge, your damn laws: the good people don't need them and the bad people don't follow them so what good are they?"
.Joseph Labadie:"From my point of view the killing of another, except in defense of human life, is archistic, authoritarian, and therefore, no Anarchist can commit such deeds.^ From another point of view Justice .
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ From no point of view at all.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As he pointed out, human life is finite.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

It is the very opposite of what Anarchism stands for."
John William Lloyd: "For, what is Anarchism? It is logical human liberty. .It is the ideal of human life without a master."^ VII. Human life and conduct are affected by ideals in the same way that they are affected by the examples of eminent men.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Without a deep concern for life, and with the casual disposing of living human fetuses, respect for liberty is greatly diminished.
  • A Republic, If You Can Keep It 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ For the ideal must always be a paradox when compared with the ordinary conditions of human life.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

(Anarchist Socialism)
Errico Malatesta: "Anarchy is a word that comes from the Greek, and signifies, strictly speaking, "without government": the state of a people without any constituted authority." (Anarchy: a pamphlette)
."Anarchists generally make use if the word "State" to mean all the collection of institutions, political, legislative, judicial, military, financial, etc., by means of which management of their own affairs, the guidance of their personal conduct, and the care of ensuring their own safety are taken from the people and confided to certain individuals, and these, whether by usurpation or delegation, are invested with the right to make laws over and for all, and to constrain the public to respect them, making use of the collective force of the community to this end."^ What do these words mean?
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Because the people are stupid and not capable of managing their own affairs?
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The word ‘just,’ whether applied to the individual or to the State, has the same meaning.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

Errico Malatesta: "... violence is the whole essence of authoritarianism, just as the repudiation of violence is the whole essence of anarchism." --"Anarchism, Authoritarian Socialism and Communism" in What Is Anarchism?: An Introduction by Donald Rooum, ed. .(London: Freedom Press, 1992, 1995) p.^ See: William Adam Russ, "The Hawaiian Republic" (1894-98) (Associated University Press, London and Toronto 1992).
  • Was the 1893 overthrow of the monarchy illegal? Was it a theft of a nation owned by kanaka maoli and stolen by non-kanaka maoli? 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Original source]

59.
.Peter Marshall: "Anarchism as a political philosophy seeks to dissolve all forms of authority and power, and if possible, wishes their complete abolition."^ Clearly, all political changes originate in divisions of the actual governing power; a government which is united, however small, cannot be moved.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Any institution, be it political, religious, or social, which seeks to consolidate power and control and limit the individual freedoms of those it intends to govern, is an undemocratic abomination.
  • Michael J. Totten: The Totalitarian Impulse 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I call this sentimentality "totalitarian" since -- like totalitarian government -- it seeks out opposition and carefully extinguishes it, in all the places where opposition might form.
  • The American Spectator : Totalitarian Sentimentality 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC spectator.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

(Demanding the Impossible: A History of Anarchism, p.47)
.Johann Most: "Anarchism means first and foremost freedom from all government."^ By all means don’t buy from any government owned businesses.
  • HR 2749: Totalitarian Control of the Food Supply 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And the task of governing is perhaps the most human of all, which is why Shakespeare wrote all those plays about kings.

^ The most common criticism, shared by the entire range of critics, is basically that anarchism would swiftly degenerate into a chaotic Hobbesian war of all-against-all.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

- The Social Monster, 1890)
.Saul Newman: "Anarchism is, fundamentally, an ethical critique of authority – almost an ethical duty to question and resist domination in all its forms."^ As in almost all of these cases, the question arises: Who is running whom?

^ Therefore we can never insist enough on our critique of democracy in all the historical forms in which it has appeared until now.
  • Force, violence and dictatorship in the class struggle 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.sinistra.net [Source type: Original source]

^ But theyre all cracked, spilling their contents on the floor instead of being able to act or question authority .

(From Bakunin to Lacan, p. 166)
.George Nicholson: "There is something radically wrong, [the anarchist] declares, in a system of society that functions and maintains its existence by the impetus of violence and force.^ Have there been any historical examples of anarchist societies?
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ If you understand that, then the idea that we ought to maintain the credibility of this system and the force that's behind that credibility, looks very different to you.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The destructive nature of modern science makes it self-evident that there is something wrong with the way in which science has been practiced, and that life on this planet has been decisively damaged as a consequence.
  • Creators of the atomic bomb: debasing nuclear power into a totalitarian order in the new world 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.heaven-words.com [Source type: Original source]

.He sees nothing praiseworthy in political society which has recourse to periodic wars, or need of jails, gallows and bludgeons--and it is because he is aware that these brutal weapons are the instruments of every government and State that he works for their destruction.^ In the process of supporting a Salvadoran government of remarkable tyranny, brutality and human-rights violations, the United States provided the country’s armed forces with a never-ending supply of funds, weapons and training that brought continual destruction and suffering to the people of El Salvador.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Dissidents reported that the authorities restricted their freedom of movement during politically sensitive periods or while foreign dignitaries visited China (see Section 1.f.
  • China (includes Hong Kong and Macau) 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Coalition governments, based on the anti-fascist united fronts and led by the working class, were established in these nations.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

...
."Unlike the politician, he does not regard dishonesty, brutality and avariciousness as natural characteristics of human nature, but as the inevitable consequences of coercion and frustration engendered by artificial law, he believes that these social evils are best eradicated not by greater penalties and further legislation, but by the free development of the latent forces of solidarity and sympathetic understanding which government and law so ruthlessly suppress.^ If nature is frustrated, perversion is the consequence.
  • Creators of the atomic bomb: debasing nuclear power into a totalitarian order in the new world 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.heaven-words.com [Source type: Original source]

^ God and nature have planted there, and which no human legislator ever can eradicate.

^ In short, much of the public goods problem is an artificial creation of economists' unrealistic assumptions about human nature.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

."Freedom will be possible when people understand and desire it--for man can only rule where others subserviently obey.^ We have to understand this, and we have to bring this understanding to other people.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When people dont understand each other .

^ A wise man whispers to me that the pleasures of the wise are true and pure; all others are a shadow only.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

Where none obey, none has power to rule." --"The simplicity of anarchism" in What Is Anarchism?: An Introduction by Donald Rooum, ed. .(London: Freedom Press, 1992, 1995) p.^ See: William Adam Russ, "The Hawaiian Republic" (1894-98) (Associated University Press, London and Toronto 1992).
  • Was the 1893 overthrow of the monarchy illegal? Was it a theft of a nation owned by kanaka maoli and stolen by non-kanaka maoli? 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Original source]

40.
Pierre-Joseph Proudhon: "Anarchy, -- the absence of a master, of a sovereign." (What is Property, 1840) "ANARCHY, or the government of each man by himself --or as the English say, self-government..." (The Federal Principle, 1863) "The notion of anarchy...means that once industrial functions have taken over from political functions, then business transactions and exchange alone produce the social order." (The Federal Principle, 1863) "Anarchy is... a form of government or constitution in which public and private consciousness, formed through the development of science and law, is alone sufficient to maintain order and guarantee all liberties..." (Correspondence, 1864)
.Pierre Joseph Proudhon:"Laws: We know what they are, and what they are worth!^ (Daily Bleed reference page) PROUDHON, Pierre-Joseph .
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anarchism , Nomos vol.19 Pierre-Joseph Proudhon.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.They are spider webs for the rich and mighty, steel chains for the poor and weak, fishing nets in the hands of government."^ On the other hand, they were not allowed to issue pastoral letters or instructions without the sanction of the Government.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Austro-Hungarian Monarchy 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They blame government (or conservatives when they don't go along with making government bigger) Liberals are always blemish free, their hands clean.
  • The American Spectator : Totalitarian Sentimentality 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC spectator.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Vernon Richards: "Violence, contrary to popular belief, is not part of the anarchist philosophy.^ The anarchist's goal is to disprove Churchill's claim: to show that contrary to popular belief, Western democracy is not only bad but inferior to a very different but realistic alternative.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The underlying idea is that contrary to popular belief, private police would have strong incentives to be peaceful and respect individual rights.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Italian anarchist, writer, publisher, militant antifascist, father of Vernon Richards .
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It has repeatedly been pointed out by anarchist thinkers that the revolution can neither be won, nor the anarchist society established and maintained, by armed violence.^ A point at which there will be no more middle-road—a point at which, if we survive, we will survive either as free participants in established egalitarian societies or as a new class of serfs.

^ Market checks on government could indeed establish an anarchist society if the self-confidence of the governing class were severely eroded by anarchist ideas.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ You want to engage in these discussions w/out bringing up anarchism or citing anarchist thinkers, so just talk politics like everyone else.
  • ANARCHY.NET - Intelligent Anarchism for a Post-Globalist Future 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.anarchy.net [Source type: Original source]

.Recourse to violence then is an indication of weakness, not of strength, and the revolution with the greatest possibilities of a successful outcome will undoubtedly be the one in which there is no violence, or in which violence is reduced to a minimum, for such a revolution would indicate the near unanimity of the population in the objectives of the revolution.^ Theres no one in this world .

^ There should have been no such confession.
  • Was the 1893 overthrow of the monarchy illegal? Was it a theft of a nation owned by kanaka maoli and stolen by non-kanaka maoli? 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no such person!
  • Iran Politics Club Forum :: View topic - Monarchy or Republic? 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.iranpoliticsclub.net [Source type: Original source]

...
."Violence as a means breeds violence; the cult of personalities as a means breeds dictators--big and small--and servile masses; government--even with the collaboration of socialists and anarchists--breeds more government.^ One of the two main definitions associated with the concept of dictatorship refers to a single person, or a small group of people, controlling the government of a country.

^ Once the restraining force of internal and international opposition has been removed, dictators may even make their oppression and violence more brutal than before.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Venality is by no means inconsistent with good government - indeed, the quality of government in the UK seems to have declined almost in lockstep with personal conflicts of interest.

.Surely then, freedom as a means breeds more freedom, possibly even the Free Society!^ A point at which there will be no more middle-road—a point at which, if we survive, we will survive either as free participants in established egalitarian societies or as a new class of serfs.

^ Poland, the Baltic countries and all the rest ...even Russia, should they ever come by the means to pay with something of more value than their own blood.
  • Totalitarian science of quantum wholeness -- David Bohm: Krishnamurti orCusa 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.heaven-words.com [Source type: Original source]

^ While unacceptable ‘racist’ views are deplored by most, a free society must allow freedom of speech, however objectionable.

.To Those who say this condemns one to political sterility and the Ivory Tower our reply is that 'realism' and their 'circumstantialism' invariably lead to disaster.^ Those who disagree with it should say that.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Those who are not convinced of it should say so.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The people who subscribe to that thinking, are invariably themselves elitist westerners who have little to no experience of the tyranny of Social Realism in the USSR, and the more subtle tyranny of Social Realism in the west, whereby those musicians that do not conform to what the establishment decides is not "elitist" are ostracised.
  • Gore Vidal: ‘We’ll Have a Dictatorship Soon in the US’ | CommonDreams.org 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

.We believe there is something more real, more positive and more revolutionary to resisting war than in participation in it; that it is more civilised and more revolutionary to defend the right of a fascist to live than to support the Tribunals which have the legal power to shoot him; that it is more realistic to talk to the people from the gutter than from government benches; that in the long run it is more rewarding to influence minds by discussion than to mould them by coercion."^ The intellectual more real than the sensual.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Reality has long been stranger than fiction .

^ A totalitarian government just shoots people at will.
  • What does 'totalitarian' actually mean? | Samizdata.net 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.samizdata.net [Source type: Original source]

--"Anarchism and violence" in What Is Anarchism?: An Introduction by Donald Rooum, ed. .(London: Freedom Press, 1992, 1995) pp.^ See: William Adam Russ, "The Hawaiian Republic" (1894-98) (Associated University Press, London and Toronto 1992).
  • Was the 1893 overthrow of the monarchy illegal? Was it a theft of a nation owned by kanaka maoli and stolen by non-kanaka maoli? 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Original source]

50-51.
Rudolf Rocker:"I am an anarchist not because I believe anarchism is the final goal, but because there is no such thing as a final goal."
.Rudolf Rocker:"People forgot that industry is not an end in itself, but should be only a means to insure to man his material subsistence and to make accessible to him the blessings of a higher intellectual culture.^ Democracy is only a means, liberty is the end.
  • What does 'totalitarian' actually mean? | Samizdata.net 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.samizdata.net [Source type: Original source]

^ A great work, too, will have been accomplished by them.’ Great, yes, but not the greatest; for man is a social being, and can only attain his highest development in the society which is best suited to him.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The love of liberty can come only from within and is dependent on a stable family and a society that seeks the brotherhood of man through voluntary and charitable means.
  • A Republic, If You Can Keep It 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

.Where industry is everything and man is nothing begins the realm of a rushless economic despotism whose workings are no less disastrous than those of any political despotism.^ Or will we strive to find a less-violent solution that serves the needs of humanity more than those of the military-industrial complex?
  • Was the 1893 overthrow of the monarchy illegal? Was it a theft of a nation owned by kanaka maoli and stolen by non-kanaka maoli? 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Czech lawyer/novelist whose anarchist influences & ideas provide an aesthetic (rather than political) embodiment.
  • The Anarchist Encyclopedia: Almanac of Antiauthoritarians, Saints & Sinners, Poets & Anarchists...:Anarchopedia 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When a man is sick, nothing is more pleasant to him than health.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.The two mutually augment one another, and they are fed from the same source."^ And inasmuch as they are two, each of them is one?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Plato: Republic: Book V 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Number replies that they are two and not one, and are to be distinguished from one another.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As Patricias father found out, they went from one jail to another, from police station to police station, to hospitals and to the Army barracks.
  • 08.01.07: Dictatorship and Transition in the Southern Cone 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.cis.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

(pg. 10, Anarcho-Syndicalism, 1989 Edition, Pluto Press)
.Donald Rooum: "Anarchism is opposed to states, armies, slavery, the wages system, the landlord system, prisons, monopoly capitalism, oligopoly capitalism, state capitalism, bureaucracy, meritrocracy, theocracy, oligarchy, governments, patriarchy, matriarchy, monarchy, oligarchy, protection rackets, intimidation by gangsters, and every other kind of coercive institution.^ To others, they are the vital intermediary institutions which protect us from the state.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ If we go back to biological principles, every animal species on earth lives in some state of balance with other species and the physical environment.

^ Lastly we do not have to defend any kind of democratic values and on the other hand we have stated time and again that dictatorships are a very stable and stabilizing government.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

.In other words, anarchism opposes government in all it's forms."^ The gods, taking the disguise of strangers from other lands, walk up and down cities in all sorts of forms 1 ;’ .
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ All ruling government needs discipline, disregard the form of the government.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I call this sentimentality "totalitarian" since -- like totalitarian government -- it seeks out opposition and carefully extinguishes it, in all the places where opposition might form.
  • The American Spectator : Totalitarian Sentimentality 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC spectator.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

(What is Anarchism?, ISBN 0900384662)
.Donald Rooum: "Anarchists are extreme libertarian socialists, "libertarian" meaning the demand for freedom from prohibition, and "socialist" meaning the demand for social equality.^ (POA note: As green libertarian socialists—i.e., eco-anarchists—we post this essay very reluctantly.

^ It is argued that the United States and now the world have learned of a Third Way-something between extreme socialism and mean-spirited capitalism.
  • A Republic, If You Can Keep It 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ I see total, libertarian, freedom as one side of a continuum, and totalitarian regimes, where no rights exist at all, just murder and terror - at the other extreme.
  • What does 'totalitarian' actually mean? | Samizdata.net 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.samizdata.net [Source type: Original source]

/../ .Complete freedom implies equality, since if there are rich and poor, the poor cannot be permitted to take liberties with riches.^ For in every state there are two hostile nations, rich and poor, which you may set one against the other.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Especially since there's no good reason to take this self-serving claim seriously.
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - HRW's Whitson Defends Fundraising in Totalitarian Countries: 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Was there, or will there ever be, a nation, whose individuals were all equal, in natural and acquired qualities, in virtues, talents, and riches?

.Complete equality implies freedom, since those who suffer restrictions cannot be the equals of those who impose them."^ The two openings in heaven and the two in earth through which passed those who were beginning and those who had completed their pilgrimage.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Those who are imposters or counterfeit cannot be certified as real and true, because all claims must be based on solid, hard evidence that can be verified and confirmed.

^ Liberals who wax lyrical on the sufferings of the poor do not, on the whole, give their time and money to helping those less fortunate than themselves.
  • The American Spectator : Totalitarian Sentimentality 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC spectator.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

(What is Anarchism?, ISBN 0900384662)
.Donald Rooum: "All anarchists believe in worker's control, in the sense of individuals deciding what work whey do, how they work, and who they work with.^ All they had done was damage to Iran (including overthrowing Mosaddegh, the respected national leader in 1953, replacing him with Shah, the ex-king, who was their puppet).
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For all men believe in their hearts that injustice is far more profitable to the individual than justice, and he who argues as I have been supposing, will say that they are right.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They are the ones who have taken up the cause of society, and who are prepared to pay the cost of upholding the principles on which we all -- liberals included -- depend.
  • The American Spectator : Totalitarian Sentimentality 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC spectator.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This follows logically from the anarchist belief that nobody should be subject to a boss."^ The belief in innate human virtue is normally found only among left-anarchist thinkers, but of course it does not follow, nor is it true, that all left-anarchist thinkers believe in humanity's innate human virtue.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

(What is Anarchism?, ISBN 0900384662)
.Donald Rooum: "There are self-styled "anarcho-capitalists" (not to be confused with anarchists of any persuasion), who want the state abolished as a regulator of capitalism, and government handed over to capitalists."^ The defining characteristic of a totalitarian state is totality: no unregulated civil society, all interactions are governed by regulations...
  • What does 'totalitarian' actually mean? | Samizdata.net 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.samizdata.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Lastly we do not have to defend any kind of democratic values and on the other hand we have stated time and again that dictatorships are a very stable and stabilizing government.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

^ People who realized that capitalism and authoritarian governments of all stripes are killing everything good , not just wilderness.

(What is Anarchism?, ISBN 0900384662)
.Murray Rothbard: "I define anarchist society as one where there is no legal possibility for coercive aggression against the person or property of any individual.^ Theres no one in this world .

^ There is no such person!
  • Iran Politics Club Forum :: View topic - Monarchy or Republic? 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.iranpoliticsclub.net [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no one at the wheel.

.Anarchists oppose the State because it has its very being in such aggression, namely, the expropriation of private property through taxation, the coercive exclusion of other providers of defense service from its territory, and all of the other depredations and coercions that are built upon these twin foci of invasions of individual rights."^ The communist anarchists repudiate the right of private property which is maintained through the power of the state.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected; whereby the Legislative powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within.
  • Firedoglake » Late Nite FDL: Can We Call It a Dictatorship Yet? 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So-called "minarchist" libertarians such as Nozick have argued that the largest justified government was one which was limited to the protection of individuals and their private property against physical invasion; accordingly, they favor a government limited to supplying police, courts, a legal code, and national defense.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

(Society Without A State 1975)
Benjamin Tucker: "Anarchism [is] the doctrine that all the affairs of men should be managed by individuals or voluntary associations, and that the State should be abolished."[19]
."Anarchism is for liberty, and neither for nor against anything else."^ [E]very serious man must declare himself: for Socialism, and thereby for force and against liberty, or for Anarchism, and thereby for liberty and against force."
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

(Liberty V March 10, 1888)
Charlotte Wilson: "... the genuine .Anarchist looks with sheer horror upon every destruction, every mutilation of a human being, physical or moral.^ The error of our ways is that we are fixated upon our own self-interest, instead of looking out for the whole of the human race first.
  • Totalitarian science of quantum wholeness -- David Bohm: Krishnamurti orCusa 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.heaven-words.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Drawing on the Gospels' themes of nonviolence and the equality of all human beings, these anarchists condemn government as contrary to Christian teaching.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ But the Republic proceeds as though every embodied human being has just one soul that comprises three parts.
  • Plato's Ethics and Politics in The Republic (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.He loathes wars, executions and imprisonments, the grinding down of the worker's whole nature in a dreary round of toil, the sexual and economic slavery of women, the oppression of children, the crippling and poisoning of human nature by the preventable cruelty and injustice of man to man in every shape and form."^ War is not a natural part of human existence.
  • ANARCHY.NET - Intelligent Anarchism for a Post-Globalist Future 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.anarchy.net [Source type: Original source]

^ A very different ideal of womanhood is held up by Plato to the world; she is to be the companion of the man, and to share with him in the toils of war and in the cares of government.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ At last, one monster passion takes possession of the whole nature of man—this is tyranny.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

--"Anarchism and homicidal outrage" in What Is Anarchism?: An Introduction by Donald Rooum, ed. .(London: Freedom Press, 1992, 1995) p.^ See: William Adam Russ, "The Hawaiian Republic" (1894-98) (Associated University Press, London and Toronto 1992).
  • Was the 1893 overthrow of the monarchy illegal? Was it a theft of a nation owned by kanaka maoli and stolen by non-kanaka maoli? 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Original source]

43.
.George Woodcock: "a system of social thought aiming at fundamental changes in the structure of society, and particularly – for this is the common element that unites all its forms – at the replacement of the authoritarian state by some form of non-governmental cooperation by free individuals."^ Far from all thought-systems and any systems at all .

^ The IMO is a typically idealistic construct for bringing order to the world-a democratic assembly of 162 member nations, all of them determinedly equal, who work with the assistance of a technical staff and the consultations of accredited non-governmental groups to establish regulatory packages known as conventions, which the individual member states are then free to adopt (or not) in their sovereign maritime laws.
  • Anarchy at Sea - William Langewiesche 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.wesjones.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The basic economic structure of society will change, some of the social relations will change, and some of the forms of political rule will change, and some of the forms of culture and ideology will change, but fundamentally the masses of people will not be increasingly and in one leap after another, drawn into the process of really transforming society.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

.Victor Yarros: "Anarchism means no government, but it does not mean no laws and no coercion.^ Venality is by no means inconsistent with good government - indeed, the quality of government in the UK seems to have declined almost in lockstep with personal conflicts of interest.

^ This list is by no means intended to be exhaustive; nor does inclusion here necessarily indicate that the work is of particularly high quality.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Good government design is simply minimizing the absolute amount of violence and coercion in society and it does not seem to be served by a lack of government.

.This may seem paradoxical, but the paradox vanishes when the Anarchist definition of government is kept in view.^ By definition, anarchists oppose merely government , not order or society.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Anarchists view the state (the standing army, police, government, bureaucracy) as the organ through which the ruling class maintains its control over the majority of the population.
  • An Anarchist Perspective on the Spanish Civil War 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.english.illinois.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Insurrectionary anarchists: The view in which the existing government is overthrown by force, usurping their power and giving it back to the people once obtained.
  • ANARCHY.NET - Intelligent Anarchism for a Post-Globalist Future 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.anarchy.net [Source type: Original source]

.Anarchists oppose government, not because they disbelieve in punishment of crime and resistance to aggression, but because they disbelieve in compulsory protection.^ That is because the real crime is resisting the state.
  • What does 'totalitarian' actually mean? | Samizdata.net 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.samizdata.net [Source type: Original source]

^ By definition, anarchists oppose merely government , not order or society.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Other guidelines set down by the EAR, make these crimes not just punishable in the country where they were committed, but they are punishable throughout Europe.
  • L. Gassmann Europe - a dictatorship 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.l-gassmann.de [Source type: Original source]

.Protection and taxation without consent is itself invasion; hence Anarchism favors a system of voluntary taxation and protection."^ This moral dilemma that our society has encountered over the past 40 years, if not resolved in favor of life, will make it impossible for a system of laws to protect the life and liberty of any citizen.
  • A Republic, If You Can Keep It 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ It is a dangerous system without important protections added.

^ There is an anti-intellectual strain in anarchism which favors chaos and destruction as an end-in-itself.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

(Our Revolution; Essays and Interpretations p.80)
John Zerzan: "Anarchism is the attempt to eradicate domination. .This includes not only such obvious forms as the nation-state, with its routine use of violence and the force of law, and the corporation, with its institutionalized irresponsibility, but also such internalized forms as patriarchy, racism, homophobia.^ Such use includes that of the 450,000 km 2 Ogallala Aquifer underlying eight U.S. states.

^ Once the restraining force of internal and international opposition has been removed, dictators may even make their oppression and violence more brutal than before.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "Minarchism" designates the advocacy of a "minimal" or nightwatchman state, supplying only police, courts, a legal system, and national defense.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Also it is the attempt to expose the ways our philosophy, religion, economics, and other ideological constructions perform their primary function, which is to rationalize or naturalize --make seem natural-- the domination that pervades our way of life: the destruction of the natural world or of indigenous peoples, for example, comes not from the result of decisions actively made and actions pursued, but instead, so we convince ourselves, as a manifestation of Darwinian selection, or God's will, or economic exigency.^ Nor in any other of his writings is the attempt made to interweave life and speculation, or to connect politics with philosophy.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I said: Until philosophers are kings, or the kings and princes of this world have the spirit and power of philosophy, and political greatness and wisdom meet in one, and those commoner natures who pursue either to the exclusion of the other are compelled to stand aside, cities will never have rest from their evils,—no, nor the human race, as I believe,—and then only will this our State have a possibility of life and behold the light of day.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Naturally, we want to help individuals with homosexual tendencies with godly counseling, and support them to find their way to a natural, God intended heterosexuality.
  • L. Gassmann Europe - a dictatorship 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.l-gassmann.de [Source type: Original source]

.Beyond that, Anarchism is the attempt to look even into those parts of our everyday lives we accept as givens, as part of the universe, to see how they, too, dominate us or facilitate our domination over others...^ Those they look up to will help.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If they cannot even see how empty their lives are, it proves they are truly brainwashed.
  • The Totalitarian Temptation and all that — Crooked Timber 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC crookedtimber.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Yet we see how quickly they will corner us.
  • L. Gassmann Europe - a dictatorship 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.l-gassmann.de [Source type: Original source]

.Most fundamentally, I would see Anarchism as a synonym for anti-authoritarianism."^ It will now be time, I said, for us to return to our State and see whether this or some other form is most in accordance with these fundamental principles.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The most common criticism, shared by the entire range of critics, is basically that anarchism would swiftly degenerate into a chaotic Hobbesian war of all-against-all.
  • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

(Running on Emptiness, p.67-68)

Commentary

.
  • If the average man had had his way there would probably never have been any state.^ X-man there is noooooo way you can portray the Monarchy as an outdated and un-democratic institution when the most modern, progressive, and prosperous states in this day and age are Constitutional Monarchies (Ex.
    • Iran Politics Club Forum :: View topic - Monarchy or Republic? 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.iranpoliticsclub.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Subversive” is what Washington would label an organization like DAI if they behaved in the same way in the United States in behalf of a foreign government.
    • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]
    • scientific dictatorship « Therearenosunglasses’s Weblog 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC therearenosunglasses.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But if the every school were a state school, and Charles Murray were the Secretary Dictator of Education, he really would be in a position to have his way.
    • The Totalitarian Temptation and all that — Crooked Timber 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC crookedtimber.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Even today he resents it, classes death with taxes, and yearns for that government which governs least.^ The average middle class person with even a modest portfolio doesn''t have a hope of filing their taxes correctly, even in normal years, toss in a death or some special circumstance and it's impossible.
    • What does 'totalitarian' actually mean? | Samizdata.net 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.samizdata.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ And costs ballooned 3-500% in the bargain, due mostly to paperwork So today when I’m on the board of a charity, I fight to have them avoid government grants or even outside private philanthropy.
    • The Totalitarian Temptation and all that — Crooked Timber 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC crookedtimber.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I am not even advocating for or against a "high service/high tax" state government, or for or against its opposite, "low service/low tax."

    .If he asks for many laws it is only because he is sure that his neighbor needs them; privately he is an unphilosophical anarchist, and thinks laws in his own case superfluous.
    In the simplest societies there is hardly any government.^ If you think about it there are only so many trees.
    • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Were only there because we have to be .

    ^ Have there been any historical examples of anarchist societies?
    • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

  • The anarchists put the thing upside down.^ Some things you have to put your foot down and say "This will not be allowed, because if it is, the masses of people are going to be demoralized and disoriented, and the reactionaries are going to be emboldened."
    • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ You have those things where you have to put your foot down and say yes, or no -- this is the way it is, and this is the way it is not.
    • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Where do we need this "solid core," in other words, and what are the things over which we can have a lot of differences and diversity, and we don't have to put our foot down and resolve it and say it is this way or that way.
    • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

    .They declare that the proletarian revolution must begin by doing away with the political organization of the state.^ But they are not organized along state lines, or any convenient border.

    ^ Subversive” is what Washington would label an organization like DAI if they behaved in the same way in the United States in behalf of a foreign government.
    • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]
    • scientific dictatorship « Therearenosunglasses’s Weblog 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC therearenosunglasses.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But a double standard persists: while non-governmental externalities must be corrected by the state, we simply have to quietly endure the externalities inherent in political process.
    • Anarchist Theory FAQ Version 5.2 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .But to destroy it at such a moment would be to destroy the only organism by means of which the victorious proletariat can assert its newly-conquered power, hold down its capitalist adversaries, and carry out that economic revolution of society without which the whole victory must end in a new defeat and a mass slaughter of the workers similar to those after the Paris commune.^ This means that their hold on power is insecure.
    • Creators of the atomic bomb: debasing nuclear power into a totalitarian order in the new world 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.heaven-words.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Democracy is only a means, liberty is the end.
    • What does 'totalitarian' actually mean? | Samizdata.net 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.samizdata.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The anarchist idea was to overhaul the economic and social foundations of society without resorting to a political State, government or "dictatorship" of any description, which is to say to carry out the Revolution and resolve its difficulties, not by political and State means, but by means of the natural, unforced economic and social activity of the workers' very own associations, once the last capitalist government had been overthrown.
    • ANARCHY.NET - Intelligent Anarchism for a Post-Globalist Future 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.anarchy.net [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • The ideally non-violent state will be an ordered anarchy.^ Ideally, because New California is in a state of order, the Dictator does not need to deploy her prerogative , which is her sovereign right to violate her own law.

    .That State is the best governed which is governed the least.
    • Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in Gandhi's Wisdom Box (1942), edited by Dewan Ram Parkash, p.^ Whereas the truth is that the State in which the rulers are most reluctant to govern is always the best and most quietly governed, and the State in which they are most eager, the worst.
      • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Society is in every state a blessing, but Government, even in its best state, is but a necessary evil; in its worst state, an intolerable one."
      • Part 2, 1895-1917, The Daily Bleed's Anarchist Timeline / Anarchist's Almanac & Chronology 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC recollectionbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ One of the best ways to measure the impact of the government system a state implements, is comparing it vs similar states who took different choices.
      • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

      67 also in Collected works of Mahatma Gandhi Vol. 79 (PDF), p. 122

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Simple English

[[File:|thumb|150px|This symbol is often used by anarchists. The "o" represents order, and the "a" represents anarchy. It means both go together.]] Anarchism is a political belief that is against authority, believing that people can organize themselves without needing state or a government in power.[1] Anarchists also believe that participation should never be forced by other people.

Anarchism is "a cluster of doctrines and attitudes centered on the belief that government is both harmful and unnecessary."[2][3] The term "anarchism" derives from the Greek αναρχία ("without archons," which means "without rulers"[1][4], not "without laws"; it is also occasionally translated as "without government").

In the common language, the word anarchy is often used to describe chaos or anomie. However, anarchists usually do not promote this. Rather, they define "anarchy" as a way of relations between people. They believe that, once put into place, these relations work on their own.

Principles

Individual freedom, voluntary association, and opposition to the state are important beliefs of anarchism. There are also big differences between anarchist philosophies on things like whether violence can be used to bring anarchy; the best type of economy; the relationship between technology and hierarchy; the idea of equality; and the usefulness of some organization.

There are many anarchists who reject capitalism and support socialism (but in another sense, without a totalitarian state or power), they are called anarcho-socialists. Also, there are some people called anarcho-capitalists who oppose governments, but support capitalism (but in another sense, neither corporatist government nor state capitalism) and reject socialism. Other anarchists say that they are not really anarchists. Finally, there are "anarchists without adjectives" who hold that because people will be free in an anarchy to pursue voluntarily any economic structures they want (including communes, worker co-ops, and capitalist-owned firms).[5]

Other pages

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Alexander S. Peak, Anarchism for Kids
  2. Anarchism. The Shorter Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 2005. P. 14 "Anarchism is the view that a society without the state, or government, is both possible and desirable."
  3. Carl Slevin "anarchism" The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics. Ed. Iain McLean and Alistair McMillan. Oxford University Press, 2003.
  4. Anarchy Merriam-Webster's Online dictionary
  5. Alexander S. Peak, "Anarchism Without Adjectives" 23 August 2009.

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Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 30, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Anarchy, which are similar to those in the above article.