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Coordinates: 52°58′N 0°32′W / 52.97°N 0.54°W / 52.97; -00.54

Ancaster
Ancaster is located in Lincolnshire
Ancaster

 Ancaster shown within Lincolnshire
Population 1,317 (2001)
OS grid reference SK983438
District South Kesteven
Shire county Lincolnshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town GRANTHAM
Postcode district NG32
Dialling code 01400
Police Lincolnshire
Fire Lincolnshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament Sleaford and North Hykeham
List of places: UK • England • Lincolnshire

Ancaster is a village in the South Kesteven district of Lincolnshire, England, on the site of the Roman town of "Causennae"

Ancaster Hall at The University of Nottingham is named after the parish and the, now extinct, title of the Earl of Ancaster.

Contents

Geography

It is situated midway between Sleaford and Grantham on the A153 road at its junction with the B6403 (Ermine Street). North of the village, the B6403 (High Dike) is the dividing line between South and North Kesteven. Towards Sleaford is Wilsford and to the east is Sudbrook.

Amenities

Ancaster has a C.E. Primary School,[1] local shop, butchers, a small railway station on the Nottingham-Skegness line, post office, and two petrol stations. There are two pubs: the "Railway Inn", and the "Ermine Way", both on Ermine Street and also a Sports and Social Club, associated with the playing field.

West of the village on Willoughby Moor is the Woodland Waters Holiday Park on Willoughby Road. There are two nearby natures reserves, each a SSSI, with a type of flower, the Tall Thrift, unique to this area in the UK.

History

The parish church is dedicated to St Martin. There are many churches on Roman sites which are dedicated to St. Martin, the Roman soldier who converted to Christianity and later became Bishop of Tours. The Ancaster church stands slightly elevated on the Roman Road Ermine Street, on the site of a Roman temple. The church is for the first time documented in the year 1200 when Bishop Hugh's body rested there over night on the way to Lincoln. It has fine decorated Norman arches and an early English fond. The corbels are decorated with images of mevial folk: a drinking nun, an old woman, a farmer with medieval head dress. There is also a Green Man, a mouthpuller in the vestry and the remains of a Sheila na Gig can be found on the north side of the tower. On the wooden ceiling there are carvings of seeminly archaic figures. Two Roman relief sculptures have been found in the 1960 in the East Wall of the church.

Archaeology

During the Romano-British period, the Romans built a roadside settlement on the site of a Corieltauvi settlement. It was traditionally thought to have been named Causennis, although this is now believed to be Saltersford. Ancaster lies on Ermine Street, a major Roman road heading north from London. To the north-west of Ancaster is a Roman marching camp and some fourth century Roman earthworks are still visible. Excavations have found a cemetery containing more than 250 Roman burials, including 11 stone sarcophagi.

A Time Team excavation in 2002 revealed a cist bearing an inscription to the God Viridius. The dig also uncovered Iron Age to 3rd century pottery, a 1st century brooch and some of the Roman town wall.

See also

References

External links

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