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Andheri
Andheri
Location of Andheri
in Mumbai and India
Coordinates 19°07′N 72°52′E / 19.11°N 72.87°E / 19.11; 72.87
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District(s) Mumbai Suburban
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Andheri (Marathi: अंधेरी) is a suburb of Mumbai city. It is also a railway station on the Mumbai Suburban Railway, Western line. It is the fifth suburb among the Western suburbs. Like many other suburbs and areas of Mumbai, Andheri too is divided into an East and a West section, separated by the railway line.

Contents

History

The oldest settlements in and around Andheri were those of the East Indians, the natives whose villages survive in Amboli, Marol (See St. John the Baptist Church), Chakala, Gundowli, Sahar, Saki Naka, etc. Andheri name was derive from "UDAYANAGRI", mountain near mahakali cave was known as Udayanagari.

Another concentration of the native East Indians was located on the former islet of Versova, also known as Vasave.

In the early 1900s, as urbanization spread from Bombay northwards, Marathi, Gujarati and other settlers began to colonize the area.

The English actively encouraged this in order to take off population pressure from the congested city and to increase revenue inflows; however, as a result, the native East Indians came to be swamped, marginalized and their lands were usually expropriated without compensation, even as their access to the sea for fishing was cut, thus destroying their two means of livelihood: agriculture & fishing.

In the 1950s the English built the Versova Causeway (the Versova Road) between Andheri on Sashti Island and the islet of Versova. The area on both sides of this causeway were rapidly filled in to develop areas now known as Dhake Colony, D.N. Nagar, Four Bungalows, Seven Bungalows, etc.

One of the earliest colonies is the Dhake Colony on Versova Road, West Andheri. The five buildings of Dhake Colony were built around 1950, and they served as a landmark until recently. The area is now known as D.N. Nagar.

Another of these early settlements is Bhardawadi. This lane forms a vital link with S.V. Road for the residents of Versova Road. It has been inhabited for the last ninety years. In the past, there were bungalows on this road; these gave way to apartment buildings, although there are still a few old bungalows, which is rare in Mumbai. This lane bustles with the sound of traffic which passes through it to reach S.V. Road.

The popular Ganesha temple, Siddhivinayak temple, created in 1926, also contributed to the settlement of Andheri.

Starting from 1935 up to early 1980s Andheri East boasted of many Film Studios, namely Prakash Studio, Nataraj Studio, Modern Studio, M&T Studio and Mohan Studio. All these studios were situated from Telli Gully signal junction up to Chakala Junction on Andheri-Kurla Road. All the big names of Bollywood of that era had their offices in it. Prakash Studio made way for Vishal Housing complex. Modern studio had to close down in mid 1960 as the Western Express Highway was constructed right through it. M&T studio was gutted in a fire in early 1960. In its place came German Remedies(pharmaceutical company). Mohan Studio too had to make way for Mota Nagar and Padam Nagar. Small hotels run by Sindhis who migrated from Pakistan and Udipi Restaurants run by entrepreneurs from Mudradi Village in Udipi (Karnataka) catered to these Studios day and night.

Before 1945, Andheri was administered by a Collector as the "Suburban District"; in that year, the former Suburban District was absorbed by Mumbai city as Greater Bombay. However, the Suburban District was once again revived in about 2000 as the Mumbai Suburban District.

Current

Bombay Cambridge School, Off Sahar Road, Chakala, Andheri (East)

Andheri today has a population exceeding four million, and as per record is by far the most populous suburb of Mumbai.

Contemporary West Andheri is largely a residential area, whereas East Andheri is has a mixture of commercial and residential areas, including MIDC-SEEPZ (Santacruz Electronic and Export Promotion Zone), Saki Naka (an industrial area), etc.

The Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, Mumbai's International Airport is in Andheri East. Many Call Centers and BPOs are located in Chakala area of Andheri.

The World Bank has many plans for the development of the largely industrial Andheri East. After the Mumbai Metro between Versova (Andheri West) and Ghatkopar(West) becomes operational in about 2011, travel time will be reduced from the present 1 hour 45 minutes to about 20 minutes. Work on the metro has begun and is in full throttle now. Many of the pillars are up on some sections of the corridor.

Andheri East also has pockets of attractive residential areas, with quiet, tree-lined streets, easy connectivity to the Western Express Highway, and without the congestion and perpetual traffic jams that afflict most residential areas in suburban Mumbai.

Important places

Mahakali Caves
  • In Andheri East, there are ancient caves, named after the Goddess Maha Kali called Mahakali Caves. They are now in ruins but recently (through the efforts of a lot of well-meaning journalists, citizens and NGOs) they have caught the attention of the government and the BMC, which is working to restore them.
  • The Vanchasiddhi temple of Lord Ganesh has the second highest number of devotees everyday after the Siddhivinayak temple in Dadar. This is in Andheri east near the station
  • SEEPZ (Santacruz Electronic and Export Promotion Zone) is a very important SEZ (Special Economic Zone) in Mumbai. SEEPZ is located in MIDC (Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation). MIDC also hosts various small and medium scale industries.
  • Picnic Spot is a major tourist attraction among Andheri Locals. It is the next stop towards Goregaon from Vijay Nagar Society. This place is frequented by joggers from Vijay Nagar, Marol and other societies in this area, and hence of significant importance to the residents of this area. The Aarey road, with its greenery is the last green spot in Mumbai and very vulnerable to builder lobby and politicians wanting to chop off and build high rises. Residents of Andheri and Mumbai as a whole are keeping their fingers crossed against the area falling prey to the greed of notorious builders and politicians. Resident Saravanan Iyer has single handedly thwarted many of these attempts.
  • Vijaynagar-Chandrashekhar Society is an important cultural spot. It is a society built in the '60s primarily for middle class families and hosts Paranjape Vidyalaya, branch of Great PTV association.
  • The Maphkan Nagar Municipal School hosts LACC (AGNI) meetings every Saturday at 9.30 A.M. which is a forum where woes of residents of Marol Maroshi Road Area is heard by BMC officials. It is co-ordinated by volunteers of AGNI. The volunteers are Mr. James John, Mrs. Rosario, Mr. Sujit Menon.
  • Bhawani Nagar, on Marol Maroshi Road, is another residential landmark in Andheri (East). This colony contains 18 clusters of buildings, called plots. The earliest plot in this colony was developed in 1977 by Deepak Builders.
  • The Marol Maroshi Bus Depot is a major bus terminus.
  • Andheri's East and West areas house some of the biggest and well know mall's and software companies in the whole of Mumbai. The biggest mall of Andheri, Infinity mall, is housed on of India's biggest FM stations (Big FM 92.7 MHz) and India's largest gaming portal Zapak, both of which are Reliance undertakings.
  • Gilbert Hill is a 200 foot (61 m) monolith column of black basalt rock in Andheri, in Mumbai, India. The rock has a sheer vertical face and was created when molten lava was squeezed out of the Earth's clefts during the Mesozoic Era about 65 million years ago. During that era, molten lava had spread around most of the Indian states of Maharashtra, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh, covering an area of 50,000 square kilometres (19,305 sq mi). The volcanic eruptions were also responsible for the destruction of plant and animal life during that era. According to experts, this rare geological phenomenon was the remnants of a ridge and had clusters of vertical columns in nearby Jogeshwari which were quarried off two decades ago. These vertical columns are similar to the Devils Tower National Monument in Wyoming, and the Devils Postpile National Monument in eastern California, USA. Atop the rock column, two Hindu temples, the Gaodevi and Durgamata temples, set in a small garden, are accessed by a steep staircase carved into the rock. The hill offers a panoramic view of the city of Mumbai. To get there via road, turn left at Kasimali Sakur Chowk on Swami Vivekanand Road, just before Andheri railway station and ask for directions to the temple atop Gilbert Hill which is just a minute's drive away.
  • Marol Fire Brigade is the only fire brigade in Andheri (East). This is situated at the main junction of Marol Naka.
  • The Andheri Sports Complex (Shahaji Raje Krida Sankul), Veera Desai Road, Andheri West, is a sports facility which has also played host to a number of Bollywood and other entertainment functions. This sports facility has a swimming pool, a hockey stadium, and several other indoor sports facilities.
  • The Andheri-Kurla Road connects Andheri to the central suburbs of Kurla and Ghatkopar also. This road boasts of a lot of finance, tech offices. SakiNaka is one of the most important junctions on this road. The Versova - Ghatkopar Metro line is being constructed along this road.
  • Andheri is an important industrial hub and has several commercial centers like:-
  • Champion real estate:- BIGAdda, a reliance undertaking blog company (Mr. Amitabh Bachhan writes here) also situates in Andheri east

Andheri East – CEPZ, MIDC Andheri, Saki Naka, SEEPZ. Andheri West – Shah Industrial Estate, Laxmi Industrial Estate.

Residential areas

  • Andheri East – Sher-e-Punjab Society, Pump House, Chakala, Poonam Nagar, JB Nagar, Marol, Bamandwada, MIDC
  • Andheri West – Amboli, Manish Nagar, Dhake Colony, Lokhandwala Complex, Yari Road, DN Nagar, Versova

Andheri hospitals

East:

  • Mukund Hospital
  • Holy Spirit hospital
  • Medicare
  • Jeevan Vikas Hospital
  • Sanjeevani Hospital
  • E.S.I.C. Model hospital

West

  • Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital
  • BSCS Hospital near Station
  • Cooper Hospital
  • Criticare
  • Haji A R Kalsekar Hospital

Andheri colleges

  • Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Technology (RGIT)
  • Tolani College
  • Shri Chinai College
  • MVLU
  • Oriental College of Commerce
  • Bhavans College [1]
  • Sardar Patel College of Engineering
  • Cosmopolitan Education Society's S.C.D.Barfiwala College of Science.
  • Shri Chaganlal Valia College of Commerce and Arts.
  • MOD-TECH College of Engineering
  • Seed InfoTech Institute
  • Rajrani Malhotra Junior College, Lokhandwala Complex
  • S P Jain Institute of Management and Research
  • SAE Institute of Technology
  • Tolani College of Commerce,
  • Shri Chinai College of Commerce and Economics.
  • Valia College of Commerce and Arts
  • Claras College of Commerce
  • Smt. Kamla Mehta College Of Commerce
  • Versova Welfare Junior College Of Science
  • Anjuman-I-Islam Tibbiani Unani Medical College

Schools in Andheri

  • Bombay Cambridge School, Andheri East
  • Sri Satya Sai Vidya mandir - Dharmakshetra - Andheri (East)
  • Paranjpe Vidyalaya - Andheri (East)
  • St.Dominic Savio High School - Andheri (East)
  • Vidya Vikas Mandal Vidyalaya - Andheri (West)
  • Swami Muktananda High School - Andheri (West)
  • St. Louis Convent High School - Andheri West
  • Abdullah Qureshi High School - Andheri (West)
  • Shriram Welfare Society's High School(SRWS) - Andheri (West)
  • St. Lawrence High School - Andheri East
  • Dnyansagar Vidyala High School, Ganesh Nagar- Andheri (West)
  • Bhavans A.H.Wadia High School - Andheri (West)
  • St. Blaises High School - Andheri (West)
  • Marble Arch School - Andheri (West)
  • Bombay Cambridge High School - Andheri (West)
  • Hansraj Morarji Public School- Andheri (West)
  • Rajhans Vidyalaya CBSE - Andheri (West) [2]
  • Rajhans Balvatika - Andheri (West)
  • Versova Welfare School - Andheri (West)
  • Saint Dominic Savio High School - Andheri (East)
  • Prime Academy [3]
  • Canossa High School - Andheri (East)
  • Holy Family High School (Mumbai, India)Andheri(East)
  • Divine Child High School - Andheri (East)
  • Children Welfare Centre High School [CWC] - Andheri (West)
  • Our Lady Of Health High School - Andheri East
  • Saint Xaviers High School - Andheri (East)
  • S C D Barfiwala High School - Andheri (West)
  • Gyan Kendra School - Andheri (West)
  • City International School - Andheri (West)
  • Jankidevi Public School IGCSE, IB - Andheri (West)[4]
  • Ashok Academy CBSE School - Andheri (West)
  • Raigad Military School CBSE - Andheri (West) [5]
  • IIT Mumbai CBSE School - Andheri (East) IIT Campus School [6]
  • Dawood Baugh Andheri Municipal School - Andheri (West)
  • Lady Ratanbai & Sir Mathuradas Vissanji Academy, Andheri (East)
  • St. Anthony's High School - Andheri (East)
  • Seth Madhavdas Amarshi High School ICSE - Andheri (West)
  • Marol Education Academy's High School, Andheri (East)MEA high School
  • St. John the Evangelist High School (Andheri East)
  • St. Lawrence High School (Andheri East)
  • IIT Campus School CBSE (Andheri East) [7]
  • M.K. Urdu High School & Junior College - Andheri (East)
  • Anjum-Noorul-Islam Urdu High School - Andheri (East)
  • Marol Municipal School - Andheri (East)
  • Nagardas Dharsi Bhuta High School - Andheri (East)
  • Our Lady Of Good Health High School - Andheri (East)
  • Shri Kalgidhar Mission High school - Andheri (East)
  • Gurunanak Mission High School - Andheri (East)
  • Ryan Global IB school [8]
  • Canossa Convent High School
  • Divine Child High School (Girls only),
  • Holy Family High School,
  • Paranjape Vidyalaya
  • Arya Vidya Mandir School.
  • Bombay Cambridge High School.
  • Gopal Sharma Memorial High School.
  • Kamla Devi Jain High School
  • St Anthony's High School- Andheri (West)
  • Anjuman-I-Islam High School- Andheri (West)

External links

See also

Andheri
Next station south:
Vile Parle
Mumbai suburban railway : Western Railway Next station north:
Jogeshwari
Stop No: 15 KM from starting: 22 Platforms: 5
Andheri
Next station south:
Vile Parle
Mumbai suburban railway : Central Railway (Harbour Line) Next station north:
Jogeshwari
Stop No: 14 KM from starting: 22 Platforms: 2







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