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Principality of Andorra
Principat d'Andorra
Flag Coat of arms
Motto"Virtus Unita Fortior"  (Latin)
"Strength United is Stronger"
AnthemEl Gran Carlemany, Mon Pare  (Catalan)
The Great Charlemagne, my Father

Location of  Andorra  (green)

on the European continent  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]

Capital
(and largest city)
Andorra la Vella
42°30′N 1°31′E / 42.5°N 1.517°E / 42.5; 1.517
Official language(s) Catalan
Ethnic groups  36.6% Andorran, 33.0% Spanish, 16.3% Portuguese, 6.3% French, 7.8% others.[1]
Demonym Andorran
Government Parliamentary democracy and Co-principality
 -  Co-Princes Joan Enric Vives Sicília
Nicolas Sarkozy
 -  Representatives Nemesi Marqués Oste
Christian Frémont
 -  Head of Government Jaume Bartumeu (PS)
Independence
 -  Paréage 1278 
Area
 -  Total 468 km2 (191st)
181 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 0.26 (121.4 ha)[2]
Population
 -  2009 estimate 88,815[3] (194th)
 -  2006 census 69,150 
 -  Density 180.5/km2 (69th)
466.8/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2005 estimate
 -  Total $4.90 billion (177th)
 -  Per capita $44,623 (unranked)
HDI (2007) 0.934[4] (very high) (28th)
Currency Euro (€)1 (EUR)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on the right
Internet TLD .ad2
Calling code +376
1 Before 1999, the French franc and Spanish peseta; the coins and notes of both currencies, however, remained legal tender until 2002. Small amounts of Andorran diners (divided into 100 centim) were minted after 1982.
2 Also .cat, shared with Catalan-speaking territories.
Andorra en-us-Andorra.ogg /ænˈdɒrə/ , officially the Principality of Andorra (Catalan: Principat d'Andorra), also called the Principality of the Valleys of Andorra,[5] is a small country in southwestern Europe, located in the eastern Pyrenees mountains and bordered by Spain and France. It is the sixth smallest nation in Europe having an area of 468 km2 (181 sq mi) and an estimated population of 83,888 in 2009. Its capital, Andorra la Vella, is the highest capital city in Europe, being at an elevation of 1023 metres.[6] The official language is Catalan, although Spanish, French, and Portuguese are also commonly spoken.
The Principality was formed in 1278. The role of monarch is shared between the President of the French Republic and the Bishop of Urgell, Catalonia, Spain. It is a prosperous country mainly because of its tourism industry, which services an estimated 10.2 million visitors annually,[7] and also because of its status as a tax haven. It is not a member of the European Union, but the euro is the de facto currency. The people of Andorra have the 2nd highest human life expectancy in the world — 82 years at birth.[8]

History

Scenery of Andorran mountains
Tradition holds that Charles the Great (Charlemagne) granted a charter to the Andorran people in return for fighting against the Moors. Overlordship of the territory was by the Count of Urgell and eventually by the bishop of the Diocese of Urgell. In 988, Borrell II, Count of Urgell, gave the Andorran valleys to the Diocese of Urgell in exchange for land in Cerdanya.[9] Since then the Bishop of Urgell, based in Seu d'Urgell, has owned Andorra.[10]
Before 1095, Andorra did not have any type of military protection and the Bishop of Urgell, who knew that the Count of Urgell wanted to reclaim the Andorran valleys,[10] asked for help and protection from the Lord of Caboet. In 1095, the Lord of Caboet and the Bishop of Urgell signed under oath a declaration of their co-sovereignty over Andorra. Arnalda, daughter of Arnau of Caboet, married the Viscount of Castellbò and both became Viscounts of Castellbò and Cerdanya. Years later their daughter, Ermessenda,[11] married Roger Bernat II, the French Count of Foix. They became Roger Bernat II and Ermessenda I, Counts of Foix, Viscounts of Castellbò and Cerdanya, and also co-sovereigns of Andorra (shared with the Bishop of Urgell).
In the eleventh century, a dispute arose between the Bishop of Urgell and the Count of Foix. The conflict was resolved in 1278 with the mediation of Aragon by the signing of the first paréage which provided that Andorra's sovereignty be shared between the count of Foix[10] (whose title would ultimately transfer to the French head of state) and the Bishop of Urgell, in Catalonia. This gave the principality its territory and political form.
Over the years, the French co-title to Andorra passed to the kings of Navarre. After Henry of Navarre became King Henry IV of France, he issued an edict in 1607 that established the head of the French state and the Bishop of Urgell as co-princes of Andorra. In 1812–13, the First French Empire annexed Catalonia and divided it in four départements, with Andorra being made part of the district of Puigcerdà (département of Sègre).

20th century

Andorra declared war on Imperial Germany during World War I, but did not actually take part in the fighting. It remained in an official state of belligerency until 1957 as it was not included in the Treaty of Versailles.
In 1933, France occupied Andorra as a result of social unrest before elections. On July 12, 1934, adventurer Boris Skossyreff issued a proclamation in Urgell, declaring himself Boris I, sovereign prince of Andorra, simultaneously declaring war on the Bishop of Urgell. He was arrested by Spanish authorities on July 20 and ultimately expelled from Spain. From 1936 to 1940, a French detachment was garrisoned in Andorra to prevent influences of the Spanish Civil War and Franco's Spain. Francoist troops reached the Andorran border in the later stages of the war. During World War II, Andorra remained neutral and was an important smuggling route between Vichy France and Spain.
Given its relative isolation, Andorra has existed outside the mainstream of European history, with few ties to countries other than France and Spain. In recent times, however, its thriving tourist industry along with developments in transport and communications have removed the country from its isolation. Its political system was thoroughly modernised in 1993, the year in which it became a member of the United Nations and the Council of Europe.
Andorran coat of arms at Andorran parliament

Politics

Andorra is a parliamentary co-principality with the President of France and the Bishop of Urgell (Catalonia, Spain), as co-princes, in a duumvirate. The politics of Andorra take place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democracy, whereby the Prime Minister of Andorra is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system.
The current Prime Minister is Jaume Bartumeu of the Social Democratic Party (PS). Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament.
Casa de la Vall, Andorran Parliament
The Parliament of Andorra is known as the General Council. The General Council consists of between 28 and 42 Councilors, as the members of the legislative branch are called. The Councilors serve for four-year terms and elections are held between the thirtieth and fortieth days following the dissolution of the previous Council. The Councilors can be elected on two equal constituencies.
Half are elected in equal number from each of the seven administrative parishes and the other half of the Councilors are elected from a single national constituency. Fifteen days after the election, the Councilors hold their inauguration. During this session, the Syndic General, who is the head of the General Council, and the Subsyndic General, his assistant, are elected. Eight days later, the Council convenes once more. During this session the Head of Government, the Prime Minister of Andorra, is chosen from among the Councilors.
Candidates for the prime-ministerial nomination can be proposed by a minimum of one-fifth of the Councilors. The Council then elects the candidate with the absolute majority of votes to be Head of Government. The Syndic General then notifies the Co-princes who in turn appoint the elected candidate as the Prime Minister of Andorra. The General Council is also responsible for proposing and passing laws. Bills may be presented to the Council as Private Members' Bills by three of the Local Parish Councils jointly or by at least one tenth of the citizens of Andorra.
The Council also approves the annual budget of the principality. The government must submit the proposed budget for parliamentary approval at least two months before the previous budget expires. If the budget is not approved by the first day of the next year, the previous budget is extended until a new one is approved. Once any bill is approved, the Syndic General is responsible for presenting it to the Co-princes so that they may sign and enact it.
If the Head of Government is not satisfied with the Council, he may request that the Co-princes dissolve the Council and order new elections. In turn, the Councilors have the power to remove the Head of Government from office. After a motion of censure is approved by at least one-fifth of the Councilors, the Council will vote and if it receives the absolute majority of votes, the Prime Minister is removed.

Law and criminal justice

The judiciary is composed of the Magistrates Court, the Criminal Law Court, the High Court of Andorra, and the Constitutional Court. The High Court of Justice is composed of five judges: one appointed by the Head of Government, one each by the Coprinces, one by the Syndic General, and one by the Judges and Magistrates. It is presided over by the member appointed by the Syndic General and the judges hold office for six-year terms.
The Magistrates and Judges are appointed by the High Court, and so is the President of the Criminal Law Court. The High Court also appoints members of the Office of the Attorney General. The Constitutional Court is responsible for interpreting the Constitution and reviewing all appeals of unconstitutionality against laws and treaties. It is composed of four judges, one appointed by each of the Coprinces and two by the General Council. They serve eight-year terms. The Court is presided over by one of the Judges on a two-year rotation so that each judge at one point will be the leader of the Court.

Foreign relations and defence

Responsibility for defending Andorra rests with Spain and France.

Geography

Andorra la Vella Canillo Encamp Escaldes-Engordany La Massana Ordino Sant Julià de Lòria France Spain
Map of Andorra with its seven parishes labeled (enlarge map)

Parishes

Andorra consists of seven parishes:

Physical geography

Topographic map of Andorra
Escaldes-Engordany with Caldea spa (center)
Due to its location in the eastern Pyrenees mountain range, Andorra consists predominantly of rugged mountains, the highest being the Coma Pedrosa at 2,942 metres (9,652 ft), and the average elevation of Andorra is 1,996 metres (6,549 ft).[12] These are dissected by three narrow valleys in a Y shape that combine into one as the main stream, the Gran Valira river, leaves the country for Spain (at Andorra's lowest point of 840 m/2,756 ft). Andorra's surface area is 468 square kilometres (181 sq mi).
Phytogeographically, Andorra belongs to the Atlantic European province of the Circumboreal Region within the Boreal Kingdom. According to the WWF, the territory of Andorra belongs to the ecoregion of Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests.

Climate

Andorra has a temperate climate similar to that of its neighbours, but its higher elevation means there is, on average, more snow in winter, lower humidity, and it is slightly cooler in summer. There are, on average, 300 days per year of sunshine.

Economy

Tourism, the mainstay of Andorra's tiny, well-to-do economy, accounts for roughly 80% of GDP. An estimated 10.2 million tourists visit annually,[7] attracted by Andorra's duty-free status and by its summer and winter resorts. Andorra's comparative advantage has recently eroded as the economies of adjoining France and Spain have been opened up, providing broader availability of goods and lower tariffs.
The banking sector, with its tax haven status, also contributes substantially to the economy. Agricultural production is limited—only 2% of the land is arable—and most food has to be imported. Some tobacco is grown locally. The principal livestock activity is domestic sheep raising. Manufacturing output consists mainly of cigarettes, cigars, and furniture. Andorra's natural resources include hydroelectric power, mineral water, timber, iron ore, and lead.[13]
Andorra is not a member of the European Union, but enjoys a special relationship with it, such as being treated as an EU member for trade in manufactured goods (no tariffs) and as a non-EU member for agricultural products. Andorra lacks a currency of its own and uses that of its two surrounding nations. Andorra used the French franc and the Spanish peseta until 1999 when both currencies were replaced by the EU's single currency, the euro. Coins and notes of both the franc and the peseta, however, remained legal tender in Andorra until 2002. Andorra is negotiating to issue its own euro coins.

Demography

Population

The population of Andorra is estimated to be 83,888 (July 2009).[14] The population has grown from 5,000 in 1900, and reached a peak of 84,484 (estimated) in July 2008.[15]
Andorrans are a minority in their own country (31,363);[16] other nationalities including Spaniards (27,300),[16] Portuguese (13,794),[16] French (5,213),[16] Britons (1,085)[16] and Italians altogether make up a total of 67.7% of Andorra's population.

Languages

The historic and official language is Catalan, a Romance language. Because of immigration, historical links, and close geographic proximity, other languages such as Spanish, French and Portuguese are also commonly spoken. Most Andorrans also speak Spanish (Castilian), French or both. Andorra is one of only four European countries (together with France, Monaco, and Turkey) that have never signed the Council of Europe Framework Convention on National Minorities.[17]

Religion

The population of Andorra is predominantly (90%) Roman Catholic.[18] Their patron saint is Our Lady of Meritxell. Though it is not an official state religion, the constitution acknowledges a special relationship with the Roman Catholic Church, offering some special privileges to that group. The Muslim community is primarily made up of North African immigrants. Other Christian denominations include the Anglican Church, Jehovah’s Witnesses, the Reunification Church, the New Apostolic Church, and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. There is a small community of Hindus.

Education

Schools

Children between the ages of 6 and 16 are required by law to have full-time education. Education up to secondary level is provided free of charge by the government.
There are three systems of schools – Andorran, French and Spanish – which use Catalan, French and Spanish, respectively, as the main language of instruction. Parents may choose which system their children attend. All schools are built and maintained by Andorran authorities, but teachers in the French and Spanish schools are paid for the most part by France and Spain. About 50% of Andorran children attend the French primary schools, and the rest attend Spanish or Andorran schools.

University of Andorra

The University of Andorra (UdA) is the state public university and is the only university in Andorra. It was established in 1997. The University provides first-level degrees in nursing, computer science, business administration, and educational sciences, in addition to higher professional education courses. The only two graduate schools in Andorra are the Nursing School and the School of Computer Science, the latter having a PhD programme.

Virtual Studies Centre

The geographical complexity of the country as well as the small number of students prevents the University of Andorra from developing a full academic programme, and it serves principally as a centre for virtual studies, connected to Spanish and French universities. The Virtual Studies Centre (Centre d’Estudis Virtuals) at the University runs in the region of twenty degrees at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels in fields including tourism, law, Catalan philology, humanities, psychology, political sciences, audiovisual communication, telecommunications engineering, and East Asia studies. The Centre also runs various postgraduate programmes and continuing-education courses for professionals.

Healthcare

Healthcare in Andorra is provided to all employed persons and their families by the government-run social security system, CASS (Caixa Andorrana de Seguretat Social), which is funded by employer and employee contributions in respect of salaries.[19] The cost of healthcare is covered by CASS at rates of 75% for out-patient expenses such as medicines and hospital visits, 90% for hospitalisation, and 100% for work-related accidents. The remainder of the costs may be covered by private health insurance. Other residents and tourists require full private health insurance.[19]
The main hospital, Meritxell, is in Escaldes-Engordany. Its services include 24-hour accident and emergency, anatomy, angiology, pathology, anesthesiology, clinical cardiology, clinical biochemistry, clinical neurology, dermatology, endocrinology, gastroenterology, genetics, geriatrics, hematology, immunology, intensive care, internal medicine, medical oncology, microbiology, nephrology and dialysis, neurophysiology, obstetrics and gynecology, oncology, ophthalmology, otorhinolaringology, orthopedics, pediatrics, physiotherapy, neonatology, plastic surgery, general surgery, oral and maxillofacial surgery, neurosurgery, pediatric surgery, thoracic surgery, trauma surgery, cardiovascular surgery, parasitology, psychiatry, radiodiagnostics, radiotherapy, urology, and venerealogy.[20]
There are also 12 primary health care centres in various locations around the Principality.[20]

Transport

Andorra has a road network of 279 km (173 mi), of which 76 km (47 mi) is unpaved. The two main roads out of Andorra la Vella are the CG-1 to the Spanish border, and the CG-2 to the French border via the Envalira Tunnel near Pas de la Casa.[21] In winter, the main roads in Andorra are usually quickly cleared of snow and remain accessible, but the main road out of Andorra on the French side (RN-20/22) is less frequently cleared and is sometimes closed by avalanches.[22] Other main roads out of Andorra la Vella are the CG-3 and CG-4 to Arcalis and Pal, respectively.
Bus services cover all metropolitan areas and many rural communities, with services on most major routes running half-hourly or more frequently during peak travel times. There are frequent long-distance bus services from Andorra to Barcelona and Barcelona Airport, and also to Toulouse and Toulouse Airport, in each case taking approximately 3 hours. Bus routes also serve Girona Airport and Portugal via Lleida. Bus services are mostly run by private companies, but some local ones are operated by the Government. The private bus companies are Autocars Nadal, Camino Bus, Cooperativa Interurbana Andorrana, Eurolines, Hispano Andorrana, and Novatel.[23]
There are no railways, ports, or airports for fixed-wing aircraft in Andorra. There are, however, heliports in La Massana, Arinsal and Escaldes-Engordany with commercial helicopter services.[24][25] Nearby airports are located in Barcelona, Toulouse, Perpignan, Reus, and Girona. The closest public airport is Perpignan - Rivesaltes Airport, which is 160 km (99 mi) away and has short-haul services to several destinations in the United Kingdom and France. La Seu d'Urgell Airport, a small airfield 12 km (7 mi) south of Andorra currently used only by private aeroplanes, is being studied by the Catalan government as a possible future airport for public aviation services.[26]
The nearest railway station is L'Hospitalet-près-l'Andorre 10 km (6 mi) east of Andorra which is on the 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in)-gauge line from Latour-de-Carol, (25 km/16 mi) southeast of Andorra, to Toulouse and on to Paris by the French high-speed trains. This line is operated by the SNCF. Latour-de-Carol has a scenic metre-gauge trainline to Villefranche-de-Conflent, as well as the SNCF's 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in)-gauge line connecting to Perpignan, and the RENFE's 1,668 mm (5 ft 5+23 in) -gauge line to Barcelona.[27][28]

Media and telecommunications

In Andorra, mobile and fixed telephony and internet services are operated exclusively by the Andorran national telecommunications company, SOM, also known as Servei de Telecomunicacions d'Andorra (STA). The same company also manages the technical infrastructure for national broadcasting of digital television and radio.
By the end of 2010, it is planned that every home in the country will have Fibre-Optic to the Home for internet access at a minimum speed of 100 Mbps.[29]
There is only one Andorran television station, Ràdio i Televisió d'Andorra (RTVA). Radio Nacional d’Andorra operates two radio stations, Radio Andorra and Andorra Música. There are three national newspapers, Diari D'Andorra, El Periòdic, and Bon Dia as well as several local newspapers.

Culture

Andorran flag on balcony, Ordino
The official and historic language is Catalan. Thus, its culture is Catalan with some own specificity.
Andorra is home to folk dances like the contrapàs and marratxa, which survive in Sant Julià de Lòria especially. Andorran folk music has similarities to the music of its neighbours, but is especially Catalan in character, especially in the presence of dances such as the sardana. Other Andorran folk dances include contrapàs in Andorra la Vella and Saint Anne's dance in Escaldes-Engordany. Andorra's national holiday is Our Lady of Meritxell Day, September 8.[13]

See also

References

  1. ^ Estadísticas de población de Andorra. Ministerio de Justicia e Interior de Andorra
  2. ^ Girard P & Gomez P (2009), Lacs des Pyrénées: Andorre. (French)
  3. ^ World Gazetteer
  4. ^ Human Development Report 2009. The United Nations. Retrieved 5 October 2009
  5. ^ Funk and Wagnalls Encyclopedia, 1991
  6. ^ Maps, Weather, and Airports for Andorra la Vella, Andorra
  7. ^ a b Departament d'Estadística, Govern d'Andorra: www.estadistica.ad. (Catalan)
  8. ^ Pat Thompson (23 April 2009). "Why Andorrans live longer than everyone else". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2009/HEALTH/04/23/andorra.life.expectancy/index.html. Retrieved 7 June 2009. 
  9. ^ "La formació d'Andorra". l’Enciclopèdia. Enciclopèdia Catalana. http://www.enciclopedia.cat/fitxa_v2.jsp?NDCHEC=0003864.  (Catalan) English version
  10. ^ a b c Things about the history of Andorra French Co-prince (Catalan)
  11. ^ "Ermessenda de Castellbò". l’Enciclopèdia. Enciclopèdia Catalana. http://www.enciclopedia.cat/fitxa_v2.jsp?NDCHEC=0024413.  (Catalan) English version
  12. ^ Atlas of Andorra (1991), Andorran Government. ISBN 0099913910391. (Catalan)
  13. ^ a b "CIA World Factbook entry: Andorra". https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/an.html. 
  14. ^ CIA World Factbook (2009)
  15. ^ CIA World Factbook (2008)
  16. ^ a b c d e Departament d'Estadistica, 2008
  17. ^ "Council of Europe". http://conventions.coe.int/Treaty/Commun/ChercheSig.asp?NT=157&CM=&DF=&CL=ENG. 
  18. ^ "CIA – The World Fact Book – Andorra". https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/an.html. 
  19. ^ a b Travailler en Andorre (May 2006), Govern d'Andorra, Servei d'Ocupació, p.30. (French)
  20. ^ a b List of specialities with coverage by CASS at Hospital Nostra Senyora de Meritxell (2009), Cass.ad, Retrieved 2009-07-19.
  21. ^ Agència de Mobilitat, Govern d'Andorra
  22. ^ L'Hospitalet. La RN 20 coupée à cause d'une avalanche, La Depeche, 17 December 2008. Ladepeche.fr (French)
  23. ^ Public transport of passengers, Servei de Planificació i Gestió del Transport, Govern d'Andorra, 2009.
  24. ^ Heliand – Serveis (2009). Heliand.com (Catalan)
  25. ^ Helitrans – Services (2009). Helitrans.ad (Catalan)
  26. ^ La Generalitat es reuneix amb els pobles afectats per l'aeroport (31 October 2008). Viurealspirineus.cat (Catalan)
  27. ^ SNCF Map
  28. ^ Google map
  29. ^ SOM Newsletter, March 2009.

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Europe : Iberia : Andorra
noframe
Location
noframe
Flag
Image:an-flag.png
Quick Facts
Capital Andorra La Vella
Government parliamentary democracy
Currency euro (EUR)
Area 468 sq km
Population 71,201 (July 2006 est.)
Language Catalan (official), French, Castilian, Portuguese
Religion Roman Catholic (predominant and official)
Electricity 220/50Hz (European plug)
Internet TLD .ad
Time Zone UTC +1
Andorra [1] is a small (pop. .73,100, size 464 km squared), mountainous country in the Pyrenees mountains in Europe, and is on the Iberian Peninsula, on the border between France and Spain, in Southern Europe.^ Southwestern Europe, between France and Spain .
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Andorra - SPAMfighter 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.spamfighter.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.my-world-guide.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ France 56.6 km, Spain 63.7 km .
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Andorra - SPAMfighter 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.spamfighter.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.my-world-guide.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ NA domestic: modern system with microwave radio relay connections between exchanges international: country code - 376; landline circuits to France and Spain .
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Andorra - SPAMfighter 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.spamfighter.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.my-world-guide.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Cities

Andorra is arguably a city-state and has no distinct cities as such.
.
  • Andorra La Vella -- capital city (pop.^ Andorra la Vella .
    • CIA - The World Factbook -- Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Andorra Country Code 376 Country Code AD 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC countrycode.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Joshua Project - Ethnic People Groups of Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.joshuaproject.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • CIA - The World Factbook -- Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Cities: Capital -Andorra la Vella.
    • Andorra (01/10) 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Criminal cases are heard by the Tribunal of Courts in Andorra la Vella.
    • Andorra (01/10) 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    23,300) of Andorra, and the main shopping destination.
One thing that this charming beautifully set high mountain capital city does not have is a lot of room.
.Imagine a steep gorge in the mountains and now cram into it a whole capital city complete with roads, restaurants, souvenir shops, services, hotels and transport system, and you have Andorra La Vella.^ Andorra la Vella .
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cities: Capital -Andorra la Vella.
  • Andorra (01/10) 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Criminal cases are heard by the Tribunal of Courts in Andorra la Vella.
  • Andorra (01/10) 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

That's not much room for nearly 24,000 citizens plus a vast number of tourists. It also doesn't lay the way for middle of the road prices and fast service. .You need patience in Andorra La Vella and you shouldn't complain if the simplest business has made room for a couple of cars and charges you for it.^ Andorra la Vella .
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Joshua Project - Ethnic People Groups of Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.joshuaproject.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cities: Capital -Andorra la Vella.
  • Andorra (01/10) 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Arcalís is situated in the northwest Andorra, 24 km from the capital of Andorra la Vella.
  • thealps.com > Resorts > Andorra > Arcalís 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.thealps.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Also be prepared to drive like a Spaniard and to give clear signals well in advance before turning. Do not brake suddenly and the other option is do not brake at all!
.Parking before or after the city and using public transport is very definitely an option and a must if you didn't cover the excess (CDW) 100% on that hire car.^ Public transportation in large Spanish cities is generally excellent.
  • Spain and Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: News]

Towns

Principat d'Andorra (67'159*) is divided into parishes-administrative divisions named (population* in brackets):
- Bordering on Spain: Sant Julia de Loria (7.785), Andorra La Vella (20.724) and Escaldes-Engordany 15.528.
- Bordering on both France and Spain: La Massana (6.660) and Encamp 10.772
- Bordering on France: Canillo (3.205), Ordino (2.485)
Population * figures of = 2002
.
  • Andorra la Vella - Capital of Andorra
  • Santa Coloma -South of Andorra La Vella towards the border with Spain
  • Sant Julia de Loria -South of Santa Coloma towards the border with Spain
  • Escaldes-Engordany -This is really an eastern suburb parish of Andorra La Vella
  • Encamp - Parish to the NE of Andorra La Vella between Engordany and Canillo on the road to France
  • La Massana -- small town and parish about 5 miles north of Andorra La Vella.^ Subdivisions: Seven parishes (parroquies)-- Andorra la Vella, Canillo, Encamp, La Massana, Ordino, Sant Julia de Lòria, and Escaldes make up the districts represented in the General Council.
    • Andorra (01/10) 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ A hydroelectric plant at Les Escaldes, with a capacity of 26.5 megawatts, provides 40% of Andorra's electricity; Spain provides the rest.
    • Andorra (01/10) 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ La Coruna, Calle Juana de Vega 8, 5º Piso, Oficina I, La Coruna 15003 Spain.
    • Spain and Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: News]

    You can access Arinsal - Pal ski area from it directly
  • Ordino - Northernmost and least populated parish but almost the largest
  • Canillo - Northeasternmost parish on the main road and border to France
  • Arinsal - Small village in the north west

Other destinations

Madriu-Perafita-Claror Valley
For 715 years, from 1278 to 1994, Andorrans lived under a unique co-principality ruled by the French chief of state and the Spanish bishop of Urgel. In 1993, this feudal system was modified with the titular heads of state retained, but the government transformed into a parliamentary democracy. .Long isolated and impoverished, mountainous Andorra achieved considerable prosperity since World War II through its tourist industry.^ Long isolated and impoverished, mountainous Andorra achieved considerable prosperity since World War II through its tourist industry.
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Many immigrants (legal and illegal) are attracted to the thriving economy with its lack of income taxes.

Economy

.Tourism, the mainstay of Andorra's tiny, well-to-do economy, accounts for roughly 80% of GDP. An estimated 9 million tourists visit annually, attracted by Andorra's duty-free status and by its summer and winter resorts.^ Tourism, the mainstay of Andorra's tiny, well-to-do economy, accounts for roughly 80% of GDP. An estimated 9 million tourists visit annually, attracted by Andorra's duty-free status and by its summer and winter resorts.
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While most of Spain has a moderate rate of crime and most of the estimated one million American tourists have trouble-free visits to Spain each year, street crimes against tourists occur in the principal tourist areas.
  • Spain and Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: News]

Andorra's comparative advantage has recently eroded as the economies of neighboring France and Spain have been opened up, providing broader availability of goods and lower tariffs. The banking sector, with its "tax haven" status, also contributes substantially to the economy. .Agricultural production is limited -- only 2% of the land is arable -- and most food has to be imported.^ Agricultural production is limited - only 2% of the land is arable - and most food has to be imported.
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.my-world-guide.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The principal livestock activity is sheep raising.^ The principal livestock activity is sheep raising.

.Manufacturing output consists mainly of cigarettes, cigars, and furniture.^ Manufacturing output consists mainly of cigarettes, cigars, and furniture.
  • Andorra - SPAMfighter 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.spamfighter.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Andorra is a member of the EU Customs Union and is treated as an EU member for trade in manufactured goods (no tariffs) and as a non-EU member for agricultural products.^ Andorra is a member of the EU Customs Union and is treated as an EU member for trade in manufactured goods (no tariffs) and as a non-EU member for agricultural products.

^ Andorra's comparative advantage has recently eroded as the economies of neighboring France and Spain have been opened up, providing broader availability of goods and lower tariffs.

^ Andorra´s comparative advantage has recently eroded as the economies of neighboring France and Spain have been opened up, providing broader availability of goods and lower tariffs.
  • Andorra - SPAMfighter 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.spamfighter.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Electricity

Electricity is supplied at 220 to 230V 50Hz. Outlets are the European standard CEE-7/7 "Schukostecker" or "Schuko" or the compatible, CEE-7/16 "Europlug" types.

Get in

.Due mainly to the mountainous nature of Andorra, there is only one road entering Andorra from France, and only one widely-used road entering Andorra from Spain.^ Find Andorra, Spain ski vacation package info and deals using the menus above.
  • Andorra Ski Vacations, Trips, Deals and Packages. 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.snowpak.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These Andorra trips include a wide variety of lodging in Andorra, Spain.
  • Andorra Ski Vacations, Trips, Deals and Packages. 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.snowpak.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Almost all entry into the country happens at one of these two points.
.Visitors from outside the EU should note that Andorra is not a Schengen member, and exiting France or Spain into Andorra will (theoretically) terminate a single-entry visa.^ Andorra's comparative advantage has recently eroded as the economies of neighboring France and Spain have been opened up, providing broader availability of goods and lower tariffs.
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Andorra is a member of the EU Customs Union and is treated as an EU member for trade in manufactured goods (no tariffs) and as a non-EU member for agricultural products.
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ NA kWh; note - most electricity supplied by Spain and France; Andorra generates a small amount of hydropower .
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In practice, though, immigration does not enforce this.

By plane

.There are no airports in Andorra - however there are daily coach services from the airports in Barcelona in Spain and Toulouse in France to Andorra.^ The nearest international airports are Toulouse in France and Barcelona in Spain.
  • thealps.com > Resorts > Andorra > Arcalís 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.thealps.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are daily transfers by bus from Barcelona to Andorra la Velal.
  • thealps.com > Resorts > Andorra > Arcalís 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.thealps.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Andorra's comparative advantage has recently eroded as the economies of neighboring France and Spain have been opened up, providing broader availability of goods and lower tariffs.
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The nearest airports are: Perpignan (France) 128 km to the east, no coach connections but you can take a Yellow train to La tour de Carol and further to l'Hospitalet.^ The nearest international airports are Toulouse in France and Barcelona in Spain.
  • thealps.com > Resorts > Andorra > Arcalís 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.thealps.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Toulouse–Blagnac (France) 196 km (121.8 mi) to the north Barcelona (Spain) 202 km (125.5 mi) to the south (From airports to Andorra by car: 3 hours)
By helicopter from the above airports, up 4 places, 35 minutes.
Andorra heliport [2] 2007-05-14
  • An airport for Andorra has come a step closer with the announcement on Friday that the Catalan Government has bought the land at Seu d'Urgell to develop an airport, for 8 million Euros.
  • Andorra will pay for the building of the airport, just ten minutes from the Andorran capital. With the opening due in 3-4 years, this will impact property prices and encourage more ski holiday visitors.

By train

There are no train lines or stations in Andorra, and none close to the Spanish border. However, the French train station of l'Hospitalet is located a few miles from the Andorran border. It is possible to catch an overnight sleeper train from Paris to l'Hospitalet, as well as many other services. .There is a connecting coach service from l'Hospitalet into Andorra, calling at Pas de la Casa, Soldeu and Andorra La Vella.^ Whilst Canillo, Encamp, Ordino, La Massana, Andorra la Vella and Escaldes Engordany make up the seven "parroquies" of Andorra.
  • Andorra Country Guide | Guide to Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.2camels.com [Source type: News]

^ The capital, Andorra la Vella is a picturesque little town, with some fine museums and a relaxed atmosphere.
  • Andorra Country Guide | Guide to Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.2camels.com [Source type: News]

^ Andorra La Vella .
  • Andorra Lawyers/ Law Firms Lawyer - Find a Andorra Law Firm Lawyers, Attorneys in Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.helplinelaw.com [Source type: News]

The nearest rail stations are:
  • L'Hospitalet (France) 3 km/1.85 mls from the Andorran border. With SNCF to L’Hospitalet. From L’Hospitalet to Andorra by bus (regular service)
  • Puigcerdà (Spain) 80 km/50 mls from Andorra

By car

Roads in Andorra are generally of a good quality. Entering from the Spanish side is a relatively straightforward drive; however entering from France is a more stressful affair involving many hairpin bends. Border control officers at both sides are generally fine, but be prepared for delays during busy times. However, be sure your car is in good condition, since Andorra is very high.
Also beware of black ice and snow drifts as the temperature in Andorra can be much colder than at sea level.
The approach from the French side passes through the 2.9km long Tunel d'Envalira which requires a credit or debit card for payment of the fee. The amounts are: winter (remainder of year)
  • Cars €5.60 (€4.80)
  • Others €16.70 (€10.70)
Winter is from 1st December to 31st March
Car rental The usual car hire companies operate from Andorra airport and other locations such as 'down town', the desks are sometimes quiet and unmanned so it may be a good idea to book in advance online, your rates should still be good value.
  • From December to March, is recommended to have winter tires and/or snow chains to hand in the car.

By bus

.There are many coach services operating into Andorra.^ Television services are broadcast by the public ATV, and apart from the public Radio nacional d'Andorra there is also the commercial radio station called Radio Valira.

.From France there is a coach service, Novatel [3] from Toulouse, and one that operates via L'Hospitalet and La Tour de Carol.^ Tour de France .
  • Andorra Country Guide | Guide to Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.2camels.com [Source type: News]

From Spain, coaches to Andorra can be caught from a variety of locations, such as Barcelona, Madrid, Malaga, Lleida and Valencia.
There are at least 2 bus companies operating daily service from Barcelona airport. Eurolines goes from outside the door of Terminal B, but you must be early and quick because the driver has a habit of arriving early and driving off if no-one is there. .Also you don't pay for the ticket at the airport, but travel to the Barcelona Sants and have to get off to buy a ticket.^ If you don't see the Andorra ski package you want, you can get a customized Andorra ski vacation package from one of our many preferred Andorra travel companies by clicking on this link.
  • Andorra Ski Vacations, Trips, Deals and Packages. 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.snowpak.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Service is slow. One should also remember that you will need to show your passport here. Trip time is about 3.5 to 4 hours.
The bus company Alsina Graells has eight trips a day from Barcelona. The trip takes 3.5-4 hours and costs €23 one-way and €40 round trip.
Bus or shuttle services between Andorra and:
  • Barcelona Airport and Barcelona, Toulouse Airport
  • Madrid, Valencia, Alicante, Castellon, Zaragoza, Lleida, Tarragona.

Get around

If you have a few days in Andorra, then you can easily visit most of the main villages by the local bus service.
.There are 8 main bus lines or 'linies', and all of these pass through Andorra La Vella.^ Andorra la Vella .
  • Andorra Budget Accommodation 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.2camels.com [Source type: News]

^ Andorra la Vella Arinsal Encamp Escaldes-Engordany Ordino Sant Julia de Loria Soldeu America Bizarro by Nelson Taylor .
  • Andorra Budget Accommodation 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.2camels.com [Source type: News]

^ Andorra la Vella, Canillo, Encamp, Escaldes-Engordany, La Massana, Ordino, Sant Julia de Loria .

The fare is anything from about a euro, to two or three euros depending where you are going. .For the towns nearest to Andorra La Vella, the service is very regular, and as frequent as every 30 minutes during the day.^ Andorra la Vella geographic coordinates: 42 30 N, 1 31 E time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October .

^ Andorra la Vella, Canillo, Encamp, Escaldes-Engordany, La Massana, Ordino, Sant Julia de Loria .

^ Andorra La Vella .
  • Andorra Lawyers/ Law Firms Lawyer - Find a Andorra Law Firm Lawyers, Attorneys in Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.helplinelaw.com [Source type: News]

If you are travelling to the outlying places like El Serrat, Arinsal and El Pas del la Casa, there are only 2 or 3 buses per day. Be sure to check the timetable.
The lines are:
  • L1 Sant Julia de Loria - Escaldes-Engordany
  • L2 Andorra la Vella - Encamp
  • L3 Andorra la Vella - Encamp - Canillo
  • L4 Andorra la Vella - Encamp - Canillo - Soldeu
  • L5 Andorra la Vella - Encamp - Encamp - Canillo - El Pas de la Casa
  • L6 Andorra la Vella - La Massana - Arinsal
  • L7 Andorra la Vella - La Massana - Ordino
  • L8 Andorra la Vella - La Massana - Ordino - El Serrat

Talk

.Andorra's official language is Catalan, but almost everyone speaks Spanish and /or French.^ Language: Catalan, Spanish, French, English .
  • thealps.com > Resorts > Andorra > Arcalís 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.thealps.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

English and Portuguese are widely spoken too, especially by those involved in the tourism industry.

Buy

Euros are used throughout Andorra. Andorra La Vella is a good destination to buy all kinds of cheap goods, due to the country's status as a "tax haven".

Do

Ski Resorts

.Most of these resorts were once small mountain villages which have grown in recent years due to skiing.^ Most of these Andorra ski vacations include lift tickets and ground transportation.
  • Andorra Ski Vacations, Trips, Deals and Packages. 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.snowpak.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In recent years the resorts have all joined together so that your ski pass covers neighbouring areas.^ Choosing a resort for your ski holiday .
  • Andorra Ski Holidays | Cheap Skiing Andorra | 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.ifyouski.com [Source type: General]

^ Chalets, hotels, apartments, all-inclusive ski holidays and accommodation only plus information on ski resorts, ski schools and resort transfers.
  • Andorra Ski Holidays | Cheap Skiing Andorra | 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.ifyouski.com [Source type: General]

As a result there are now just two areas known as Vallnord and Grandvalira.
Vallnord covers Arcalis and the Arinsal-Pal ski area. .Arcalis is quite distant away from Arinsal-Pal but the latter have been joined up in recent years by a cable car connecting the two ski areas.^ The ski area is spread over two bowls and the season runs from the beginning of December until the end of April.
  • thealps.com > Resorts > Andorra > Arcalís 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.thealps.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Arisnal-Pal ski area is directly accessible from La Massana right from the middle of the town.
Grandvalira covers Soldeu and Pas de la Casa. The Soldeu ski area is also accessible from Encamp and Canillo. This quite cleverly has opened up these areas to cope with the influence of visitors without putting all the strain on Soldeu.
.
  • Pas de la Casa -- skiing resort located right on the French border.
  • Soldeu -- skiing resort
  • Arcalis-- ski area located at the head of the valley from El Serrat
  • Arinsal -- skiing resort part of the Arinsal Pal ski area.^ Arinsal No further resorts El Tarter No further resorts La Massana No further resorts Pas de la Casa No further resorts Soldeu No further resorts Andorra .
    • Book cheap skiing holidays & ski and snowboarding deals to Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.thomascook.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Pas de la Casa .
    • Book cheap skiing holidays & ski and snowboarding deals to Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.thomascook.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Bordered by France and Spain , Andorra comprises of mountainous landscapes and meandering rivers, offering the best resorts for your package ski holiday in the Pyrenees.
    • Book cheap skiing holidays & ski and snowboarding deals to Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.thomascook.com [Source type: General]

    Also known as Vallnord which means Valley North in English
  • Pal -- skiing resort part of the Arinsal Pal ski area.
  • Arinsal-Pal -- Actually two skiing areas connected by cable car. See Arinsal and Pal.

Hiking and Trekking

.A good way for hiking and trekking in Andorra is staying at the Himàlaia Hotel in Soldeu [4], that has its own Hiking team of guides who go every day with their guests to walk and discover a lot of interesting hiking routes around the country.^ Find information on how to get there, hotels, events, hiking/trekking trails, restaurants, activities, weather forecast and more.
  • thealps.com > Resorts > Andorra > Arcalís 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.thealps.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Andorra business visa is not required for citizens of United States for a stay up to 90 days.
  • Andorra Visa : Application, Requirements. Apply for Andorran Visas Online. 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC andorra.visahq.com [Source type: General]

^ Andorra tourist visa is not required for citizens of United States for a stay up to 90 days.
  • Andorra Visa : Application, Requirements. Apply for Andorran Visas Online. 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC andorra.visahq.com [Source type: General]

Mountain stream during Summer, Andorra
Mountain stream during Summer, Andorra
Andorra is a great place for hiking. The point of departure is the town of Arinsal at the foot of the Coma Pedrosa (2,942 m) and the Pic de Médécourbe (2,914 m).
  • Treks from Arinsal (1,500 m) - Pic de Sanfons (2,888 m, 4h45, climb 1,310 m, medium until the hut, difficult on the ridge). View on the Coma Pedrosa, the valley of Tor, the lakes of Baiau in Spain as well as on the Pallars mountains. Mountain hut and lake on the way. Parking at Torrent Ribal 1,580 m.
  • Pic de Médécourbe 2,914 m 4h30, climb 1,335 m, medium until the hut increasing to difficult on the ridge). A classic! Mountain hut half-way up, lakes and a breathtaking view over the valley of Arinsal, Boet and Vicdessos (France). Parking at Torrent Ribal 1,580 m.
  • Pic de Coma Pedrosa 2,942 m 4h30, climb 1,370 m, medium until the lake, difficult on the ridge). The highest mountain in Andorra. Mountain hut half way up, lakes. Beautiful view of the surrounding summits, the valley of Arinsal and to the West, the Maladeta and Ecantats massifs. Parking at Torrent Ribal 1580m.
  • Montmantell lakes and the Pic del Pla de l'Estany 2,859 m 4h20, climb 1'280m, medium). Mountain hut half-way up, lakes, magnificient view over the Ariège mountains in France and over Andorra. Parking at Torrent Ribal 1580 m.
  • Arinsal - Percanela - les Fonts - Pla de l'Estany - Arinsal circuit 2'055m 4h30, climb 670m, medium) 2 mountain huts. Very pleasant circuit which one can do either way. Lovely views of the Coma Pedrosa via the imposing natural amphitheatre of Les Fonts. A few bordas (farm houses) on the way, some renovated, some in ruins. Parking at Arinsal 1,466 m.
  • Camí del coll de les Cases 1,950 m 1h40, climb 490 m, medium)
Panoramic view over the Ordino mountains and la Massana. Ideal picnic and meditation site. One can continue along the GR11 to Arans (parking at Mas de Ribafeta 1466m) but transport back to Arinsal must be provided.
  • Hotel Himàlaia Soldeu (Ski and Hiking Hotel) carretera general s/n, Soldeu Tel. 376 878515 [5] [6]
  • Hotel Santa Bàrbara de la Vall d'Ordino, +376 738 100 (). 54 Euros.  .'sleep', 'Andorra');return false;" title="click to edit Hotel Santa Bàrbara de la Vall d'Ordino">edit
  • Pension la Rosa, Antic Carrer Major 18, just south of Avenue Princep Benloch, Andorra la Vella, +376 821 810.^ Arcalís is situated in the northwest Andorra, 24 km from the capital of Andorra la Vella.
    • thealps.com > Resorts > Andorra > Arcalís 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.thealps.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Arinsal No further resorts El Tarter No further resorts La Massana No further resorts Pas de la Casa No further resorts Soldeu No further resorts Andorra .
    • Book cheap skiing holidays & ski and snowboarding deals to Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.thomascook.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Andorra - Pas de la Casa - Grau Roig .
    • thealps.com > Resorts > Andorra > Arcalís 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.thealps.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

     edit
  • Hotel Oriol, Plaça Co-Princeps, 4, +376 821 105. 39 Euros.  edit
  • CyberAndorra, Els Refugis Ed. Claror b31, +376 323 391, [8]. Book online to reserve your Andorra hotel and activities  edit
Out of town
  • Hotel El Tarter, +376 80 20 80, [9]. .EL TARTER (1844m), half way from Andorra la Vella (17km) and El Pas de la Casa, SOLDEU -EL TARTER ski station is 50 m.^ Arinsal No further resorts El Tarter No further resorts La Massana No further resorts Pas de la Casa No further resorts Soldeu No further resorts Andorra .
    • Book cheap skiing holidays & ski and snowboarding deals to Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.thomascook.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Andorra - Pas de la Casa - Grau Roig .
    • thealps.com > Resorts > Andorra > Arcalís 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.thealps.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Pas de la Casa .
    • Book cheap skiing holidays & ski and snowboarding deals to Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.thomascook.com [Source type: General]

    away. 3 km from sport complex of Canillo (Ice-skating, swimming pool, gymnasium, squash, tennis). Beautiful, skiers dream location and very fair rates.
     edit
Seasonal
  • House.ad, [10]. Find a House in Andorra for the ski-ing season  edit

Work

To work in Andorra you are supposed to have a work permit issued by the government. If you are on business for only a few days then this would not apply.

Stay safe

There is not much threat from other people in Andorra, but keep safe on mountains. Don't go too high without knowing what you are doing. See Altitude sickness for more.
Drivers are warned to avoid crossing back into France if the Spanish side of the Pyrenees has enjoyed beautiful warm sunshine all day and the road temperatures drop considerably towards the evening - there is danger of black ice from ice melt. The weather in the French Pyrenees is frequently vastly different than that of Andorra and the Spanish Pyrenees. Stay overnight if necessary, as cold morning temperatures are more apparent and less treacherous than sudden evening icing.

Stay healthy

.In Andorra La Vella there is the famous Caldea to visit which is a spa / swimming pool complex.^ Arcalís is situated in the northwest Andorra, 24 km from the capital of Andorra la Vella.
  • thealps.com > Resorts > Andorra > Arcalís 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.thealps.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are daily transfers by bus from Barcelona to Andorra la Velal.
  • thealps.com > Resorts > Andorra > Arcalís 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.thealps.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This is very popular. It is located up the top end of La Vella and you cannot miss it because it is the large glass spire structure which is quite an attraction on the skyline itself.

Contact

Andorra is a well-connected country, and has accepted the Internet with open arms. Almost as many people subscribe to the Internet as own landline phones.
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

.ANDORRA, or Andorre, a small, neutral, autonomous, and semi-independent state, on the Franco-Spanish frontier, and chiefly on the peninsular side of the eastern Pyrenees.^ On July 12, 1934, adventurer Boris Skossyreff was garrisoned in Andorra to prevent influences of the Spanish Civil War and Franco's Spain .
  • Top20Andorra.com - Your Top20 Guide to Andorra! 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC top20andorra.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Pop. (1900) about 550o; area about 175 sq. m. .Andorra is surrounded by mountains, and comprises one main valley, watered by the Gran Balira, Valira or Balire, a tributary of the Segre, which itself flows into the Ebro; with several smaller valleys, the most important being that of the Balira del Orien, which joins the Gran Balira on the left.^ If you are planning for an ideal holiday destination in Andorra la Vella, the Plaza Hotel is a very charming property with views on the surrounding mountains.
  • City Centre Accommodation Andorra la Vella Travel Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC coastbeaches.com [Source type: General]

^ The city is surrounded by mountains and is located over 3000 feet up into these mountains.

^ The capital of the nation, Andorra la Vella (Old Andorra), lies in the geographic center of the country, where the two tributaries of the Valira River merge.
  • Culture of Andorra - traditional, history, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, rituals, History and ethnic relations 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The territory was once densely wooded, and is said to derive its name from the Moorish Aldarra, " the place thick with trees"; but almost all the forests have been destroyed for fuel. The climate is generally cold, with very severe winters. The land is chiefly devoted to pasture for the numerous flocks and herds; but on the more sheltered southern slopes it is carefully cultivated, and produces grain, potatoes, fruit and tobacco. Game and trout are plentiful; milk, butter, hams, hides and wool are exported, principally to France. The local industries are of the most primitive kind, merely domestic, as in the middle ages. Lack of capital, of coal, and of good means of communication prevents the inhabitants from making use of the iron and lead in their mountains. During the coldest winter months their communications are much easier with Spain than through the snowclad passes leading into Ariege. .The only roads are bridle-paths, and one municipal road by the Balira valley, connecting Andorra with the high road to Seo de Urgel and Manresa; but in 1904 France and Spain agreed to build a railway from Ax to Ripoll, which would greatly facilitate traffic.^ Historically, Andorra has been a protectorate of France and Spain.
  • Culture of Andorra - traditional, history, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, rituals, History and ethnic relations 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During World War II , Andorra remained neutral and was an important smuggling route between Vichy France and Spain.
  • Top20Andorra.com - Your Top20 Guide to Andorra! 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC top20andorra.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ May 12, 2008, 08:18 A - An : Andorra Andorra - Geography Andorra is located in Southwestern Europe, between France and Spain.

The Andorrans are a robust and well-proportioned race, of an independent spirit, simple and severe in their manners. They are all Roman Catholics. .Apart from the wealthier landowners, who speak French fluently, and send their children to be educated in France, they use the Catalan dialect of Spanish.^ This is manifest in several ways: (1) the currencies of the nation are the franc and the peseta; (2) the two systems of public education were, until 1982, the French and the Spanish; and (3) the two languages most commonly spoken are French and Spanish, in addition to Catalan.
  • Culture of Andorra - traditional, history, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, rituals, History and ethnic relations 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The official language is Catalan, although most inhabitants also speak French and Spanish due to the many economic and social links to the neighbouring states.
  • Andorra Flag,Andorra Map, Andorra Culture : SphereInfo.com 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.sphereinfo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ethnic groups: Catalan, Spanish, French, Portuguese.
  • Andorra (01/10) 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Andorra comprises the six parishes or communes of Andorra Vicilla, Canillo, Encamp, La Massana, Ordino and San Julian de Loria, which are subdivided into fifty-two hamlets or pueblos. Preserved from innovations by the mutual jealousy of rival potentates, as well as by the conservative temper of a pastoral population, Andorra has kept its medieval usages and institutions almost unchanged.^ Andorra (all) (All areas) Andorra la Vella Canillo Encamp Escaldes-Engordany La Massana Ordino Sant Julia de Loria .
  • Andorra Hotels 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.expedia.com [Source type: General]

^ Sant Julia de Loria, Andorra .
  • Andorra Hotels 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.expedia.com [Source type: General]

^ Parrquia de La Massana .
  • Andorra Travel Forum - VirtualTourist.com 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC forum.virtualtourist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In each parish two consuls, assisted by a local council, decide matters relating to roads, police, taxes, the division of pastures, the right to collect wood, &c. .Such matters, as well as the general internal administration of the territory, are finally regulated by a Council General of 24 members (4 to each parish), elected since 1866 by the suffrages of all heads of families, but previously confined to an aristocracy composed of the richest and oldest families, whose supremacy had been preserved by the principle of primogeniture.^ Historically, within the General Council, four deputies from each of the seven individual parishes provided representation.
  • Andorra (01/10) 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The sindic (president), the subsindic , and the members of the Council are elected in the general elections held every four years.
  • Andorra (01/10) 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A Tripartite Commission--made up of representatives of the co-princes, the General Council, and the Executive Council--was formed in 1990 and finalized the draft constitution in April 1991.
  • Andorra (01/10) 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A general syndic, with two inferior syndics, chosen by the Council General, constitutes the supreme executive of the state. .Two viguiers - one nominated by France, and the other by the bishop of Urgel - command the militia, which consists of about 600 men, although all capable of bearing arms are liable to be called out.^ March 1993) that retains as its heads of state a coprincipality; the two princes are the president of France and bishop of Seo de Urgel, Spain, who are represented locally by coprinces' representatives .

^ Almost all that Andorrans consume and sell to millions of visitors comes from importation, principally from Spain and France but also from Japan and other countries of the Far East.
  • Culture of Andorra - traditional, history, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, rituals, History and ethnic relations 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One fundamental element of this presence rests on the role of the bishop of Urgel as coprince and, at the same time, head of the Andorran Church.
  • Culture of Andorra - traditional, history, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, rituals, History and ethnic relations 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This force is exempt from all foreign service, and the chief office of the viguiers is the administration of criminal justice, in which their decisions, given simply according to their judgment and conscience, there being no written laws, are final.^ CANADIAN GOVERNMENT CONTACTS There is no resident Canadian government office in Andorra.
  • Andorra Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

.Civil cases, on the other hand, are tried in the first instance before one of the two aldermen, who act as deputies of the viguiers; the judgment of this court may be set aside by the civil judge of appeal, an officer nominated by France and the bishop of Urgel alternately; the final appeal is either to the Court of Cassation at Paris or to the Episcopal College at Urgel.^ Officially, it is a co-principality, and its two “co-princes” are the French head of state and the Bishop of Urgell, who represents Spain.
  • andorra Budget Travel Tips - EuroCheapo 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.eurocheapo.com [Source type: General]

^ The postage system is operated by its two much larger neighbors, who dutifully produce Andorran stamps; defense, also, is delegated to the giants on either side.
  • andorra Budget Travel Tips - EuroCheapo 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.eurocheapo.com [Source type: General]

^ March 1993) that retains as its chiefs of state a coprincipality; the two princes are the president of France and bishop of Seo de Urgel, Spain, who are represented locally by coprinces´ representatives .
  • Andorra - SPAMfighter 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.spamfighter.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The French viguier is taken from the French department of Ariege and appointed for life, but the viguier of the bishop must be an Andorran, holding office for three years and re-eligible. .There are notaries and clerks, auditors for each parish elected by the heads of families, police agents and bailiffs, chosen and sworn in, like all the above officers, by the Council General.^ The Andorran parliament (the General Council) includes twenty-eight members, half elected by local constituencies and half by national votes.
  • Culture of Andorra - traditional, history, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, rituals, History and ethnic relations 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The archives are mostly kept in the "house of the valley" in the capital, Andorra Vicilla, a struggling village of 600 inhabitants. In this government house the Council General meets and has a chapel. Here also the aldermen, viguiers and judge of appeal administer justice and assemble for all purposes of administration. .Two magistrates, styled rahanadores, are appointed by the Council General to see that viguiers and judges preserve the customs and privileges of Andorra.^ If you don't see the Andorra ski package you want, you can get a customized Andorra ski vacation package from one of our many preferred Andorra travel companies by clicking on this link.
  • Andorra Ski Vacations, Trips, Deals and Packages. 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.snowpak.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Parliament of Andorra is known as the General Council.
  • Top20Andorra.com - Your Top20 Guide to Andorra! 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC top20andorra.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The parishes have a permanent patrol of six armed men besides the militia. .Spain and the bishop of Urgel are very jealous of French encroachments, and claim to have a better right ultimately to annex the little state.^ Officially, it is a co-principality, and its two “co-princes” are the French head of state and the Bishop of Urgell, who represents Spain.
  • andorra Budget Travel Tips - EuroCheapo 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.eurocheapo.com [Source type: General]

^ For 715 years, from 1278 to 1993, Andorrans lived under a unique co-principality, ruled by French and Spanish leaders (from 1607 onward, the French chief of state and the Spanish bishop of Urgel).
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You might think that a tiny Pyrenean country trapped between France and Spain has very little going for it.

In the meanwhile it continues to pay each of the suzerain powers £ 4 o a year, levied by a tax on pastures.
Andorra is the sole surviving specimen of the independence possessed in medieval times by the warlike inhabitants of many Pyrenean valleys. .Its privileges have remained intact, because the suzerainty of the district became equally and indivisibly shared in 1278 between the bishops of Urgel and the counts of Foix, the divided suzerainty being now inherited by the French crown and the present bishop of Urgel; and the two powers have mutually checked innovations, while the insignificant territory has not been worth a dispute.^ French count of Foix and the Spanish bishop of Urgel) .
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For 715 years, from 1278 to 1993, Andorrans lived under a unique co-principality, ruled by French and Spanish leaders (from 1607 onward, the French chief of state and the Spanish bishop of Urgel).
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The conflict was resolved in 1278 by the signing of the first paréage , with the mediation of Aragon , which provided that Andorra's sovereignty be shared between the count of Foix (whose title would ultimately transfer to the French head of state) and the bishop of Urgell, in Catalonia .
  • Top20Andorra.com - Your Top20 Guide to Andorra! 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC top20andorra.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Thus Andorra is not a republic, but is designated in official documents as the Vallees et Suzerainetes. Before 1278 it was under the suzerainty of the neighbouring counts of Castelbo, to whom it had been ceded in 11 7 0 by the counts of Urgel.^ In the eighth and ninth centuries, Andorra belonged to the County of Barcelona, which ceded sovereignty over the valleys of Andorra in 988 to the Episcopal see of Urgel (Spain).
  • Culture of Andorra - traditional, history, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, rituals, History and ethnic relations 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Medieval rights over Andorra passed from the count of Foix to the king of Navarre in the fifteenth century, and then to the king of France in the sixteenth century; in the nineteenth century, they passed to the president of the republic.
  • Culture of Andorra - traditional, history, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, rituals, History and ethnic relations 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Currently, the two coprinces of Andorra are the president of the French Republic and the bishop of Urgel.
  • Culture of Andorra - traditional, history, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, rituals, History and ethnic relations 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A marriage between the heiress of Castelbo and Roger Bernard, count of Foix, carried the rights of the above-named Spanish counts into the house of Foix, and hence subsequently to the crown of France, when the heritage of the feudal system was absorbed by the sovereign; but the bishops of Urgel claimed certain rights, which after long disputes were satisfied by the "Act of Division" executed in 1278. The claims of the bishopric dated from Carolingian times, and the independence of Andorra, like most other Pyrenean anomalies, has been traditionally ascribed to Charlemagne (742-814).^ This is manifest in several ways: (1) the currencies of the nation are the franc and the peseta; (2) the two systems of public education were, until 1982, the French and the Spanish; and (3) the two languages most commonly spoken are French and Spanish, in addition to Catalan.
  • Culture of Andorra - traditional, history, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, rituals, History and ethnic relations 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The conflict was resolved in 1278 by the signing of the first paréage , with the mediation of Aragon , which provided that Andorra's sovereignty be shared between the count of Foix (whose title would ultimately transfer to the French head of state) and the bishop of Urgell, in Catalonia .
  • Top20Andorra.com - Your Top20 Guide to Andorra! 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC top20andorra.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Posted: Thu October 29, 2009 04:31 PM UTC Am i more likely to ge stopped by customs going into France or going into Spain from Andorra?
  • Andorra Travel Forum - VirtualTourist.com 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC forum.virtualtourist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Authorities

-With the exception of .Etudes ge'ographiques sur la vallee d'Andorre, by J. Blade (Paris, 1875), the standard books on Andorra deal mainly with its history and institutions.^ Best deals: Andorra Center - Andorra La Vella - Andorra Skip to main content.
  • Best deals: Andorra Center - Andorra La Vella - Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.hotels.com [Source type: General]

.They comprise the following : - The Valley of Andorra, translated from the French of E. B. Berthet by F. H. Deverell (Bristol, 1886); J. Aviles Arnau, El Pallas y Andorra (Barcelona, 1893); L. Dalmau de Baquer, Historia de la Republica de Andorra (Barcelona, 1849); C. Baudon de Mony, Origines historiques de la question d'Andorre (in the Bibliotheque de l'Ecole des Chartes, vol.^ Pas de la Casa, Andorra .
  • Andorra Hotels 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.expedia.com [Source type: General]

^ Andorra (all) (All areas) Andorra la Vella Canillo Encamp Escaldes-Engordany La Massana Ordino Sant Julia de Loria .
  • Andorra Hotels 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.expedia.com [Source type: General]

^ In Andorra la Vella near Saint Esteve Church Centrally located in Andorra la Vella, this property is near Casa de la Vall, Placa del Poble, and Saint Esteve Church.
  • Andorra Hotels 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.expedia.com [Source type: General]

46, Paris, 1885). .See also C. Baudon de Mony, Relations politiques des comtes de Foix avec la Catalogne, jusqu'au commencement du XIV' siecle (Paris, 1896).^ Baudon de Mony, Charles.
  • Culture of Andorra - traditional, history, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, population, religion, rituals, History and ethnic relations 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A fair map was published by A. Hartleben, of Vienna, in 1898.


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also andorra

Contents

English

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Etymology

.The name Andorra probably originates from a Basque word andurrial (shrub-covered land).^ Possibly Navarrian andurrial : land covered with bushes, or Basque ama : ten, iturri : springs .
  • Andorra Parishes 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.statoids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Historians speculate that the original inhabitants of the valleys of Andorra were related to the Basque people of northern Spain, and that the name Andorra is of Basque derivation.
  • Andorra History 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.medinnus.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Travel to Andorra - Andorra - Europe - History - WorldTravelGate.net®- 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.eurotravelling.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The name "Andorra" is of unknown origin but (according to Joan Coromines) clearly pre-Roman.

Pronunciation

Proper noun

Singular
Andorra
Plural
-
Andorra
  1. A tiny country in Europe between Spain and France.

Synonyms

.Official name: Principality of Andorra.^ STATE DEPARTMENT ISSUES BACKGROUND NOTE ON ANDORRA News Wire article from: US Fed News Service, Including US State News; 1/1/2007; 700+ words ; ...PROFILE OFFICIAL NAME: Principality of Andorra GEOGRAPHY Area: 468 sq.
  • Andorra Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Andorra 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A tiny country nestled on the border between Spain and France, its official name is the Principality of Andorra ( Catalan: Principat d'Andorra ).
  • Pas de la Casa Andorra Ski Hire, Holiday, Travel, Accommodation, Weather, Photos & More 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.pasdelacasa-andorra.com [Source type: General]

^ OFFICIAL NAME: Principality of Andorra CAPITAL: Andorra La Vella SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT: Co-principality between France and Spain AREA: 465 Sq Km (180 Sq Mi) ESTIMATED 2000 POPULATION 65,100 .
  • Andorra - Atlapedia Online 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.atlapedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Related terms

Translations

See also


Czech

Proper noun

Andorra f.
  1. Andorra

Dutch

Proper noun

Andorra
  1. Andorra.

Estonian

Proper noun

Andorra
  1. Andorra

Finnish

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Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
Andorra
Wikipedia fi

Proper noun

Andorra
  1. Andorra

Declension


Galician

Proper noun

Andorra f.
  1. Andorra

German

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German Wikipedia has an article on:
Andorra
Wikipedia de

Proper noun

Andorra n.
  1. Andorra

Derived terms


Italian

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Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Andorra
Wikipedia it

Proper noun

Andorra f.
  1. Andorra

Derived terms


Norwegian

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /ɑn.'do.rɑ/

Proper noun

Andorra
  1. Andorra.

Related terms


Portuguese

Proper noun

Andorra f.
  1. Andorra

Romanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA: [an'do.ra]

Proper noun

Andorra f.
  1. Andorra

Declension

gender f. uncountable
Nom/Acc Andorra
Gen/Dat Andorrei

Spanish

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Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Andorra
Wikipedia es

Proper noun

Andorra f.
  1. Andorra

Related terms


Swedish

Proper noun

Andorra
  1. Andorra.

Simple English

Principat d'Andorra
Official flag
National information
National motto: Virtus Unita Fortior
Latin for "Virtue United is Stronger"
National anthem: El Gran Carlemany, Mon Pare
About the people
Official languages: Catalan
Population: (# of people)
  - Total: 67,313 (2006) (ranked 202nd)
  - Density: 152 per km²
Geography / Places
Here is the country on a map.
Capital city: Andorra la Vella
Largest city: Andorra la Vella
Area
  - Total: 468 (ranked 194 th)
Politics / Government
Established: 1278
Leaders: French Co-Prince Nicolas Sarkozy
Episcopal Co-Prince Joan Enric Vives Sicília
Executive Council President Jaume Bartumeu Cassany
Economy / Money
Currency:
(Name of money)
Euro (€)
International information
Time zone: +1
Telephone dialing code: 376
Internet domain: .ad
Simple English Wiktionary has the word meaning for:

Andorra is a European country between Spain and France. There are about 70,000 people living in the country. The capital is Andorra la Vella. It is ruled by a Spanish Bishop and the French President. Andorra's government is a parliamentary democracy.

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Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 16, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Andorra, which are similar to those in the above article.








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