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André Michel Lwoff
Born 8 May 1902(1902-05-08)
Died 30 September 1994 (aged 92)
Nationality French
Fields microbiology
Alma mater Institute Pasteur
Known for provirus
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1965
Leeuwenhoek Medal (1960)

André Michel Lwoff (8 May 1902 – 30 September 1994) was a French microbiologist. He was born in Ainay-le-Château, Allier, in Auvergne, France. He joined the Institute Pasteur in Paris when he was 19 years old. In 1932, he finished his PhD and, with the help of a grant from the Rockefeller Foundation, moved to the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Medical Research of Heidelberg to Otto Meyerhof, where he did research on the development of flagellates. Another Rockefeller grant allowed him go to Cambridge in 1937. In 1938, he was appointed departmental head at the Institut Pasteur, where he did groundbreaking research on bacteriophages and on the poliovirus.

He has been awarded numerous prized from the French Académie des Sciences, the Grand Prix Charles-Leopold Mayer, the Leeuwenhoek Medal of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1960 and the Keilin Medal of the British Biochemical Society in 1964. He was awarded a Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1965 for the discovery of the mechanism that some viruses (which he named proviruses) use to infect bacteria.


  • Jacob, F; Girard, M (1998), "Andre Michel Lwoff 8 May 1902-30 September 1994.", Biographical memoirs of fellows of the Royal Society. Royal Society (Great Britain) 44: 254–63, doi:10.1098/rsbm.1998.0017, PMID 11623983  
  • Shafrir, E (1996), "Jacques L. Monod, Francois J. Jacob and Andre M. Lwoff--introducers of new dimensions in cellular genetics and molecular biology.", Isr. J. Med. Sci. 32 (2): 162, 1996 Feb, PMID 8631654  
  • Nobel biography


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