André Previn: Wikis

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André George Previn KBE (born Andreas Ludwig Priwin, April 6, 1929[1], Berlin, Germany) is a German-born American pianist, conductor, and composer. He is a winner of several Academy Awards for his film work and Grammy Awards for his recordings.

Contents

Biography

Previn was born to a German Jewish family, although the exact year of his birth is ambiguous, as it is not absolutely certain whether the year was 1929 or 1930. Whilst most formal reports give 1929 as his birth year, Previn himself has stated that 1930 is his birth year.[2] This situation is because the family lost Previn's birth certificate when they left Germany in 1938. Most published reports give 1929 as the birth year, for convenience.[1] The Previn family emigrated to the United States in 1939 to escape the Nazi regime in Germany. André (as he would be known) became a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1943, and grew up in Los Angeles. His elder brother was director Steve Previn. At André Previn's 1946 graduation from Beverly Hills High School he played a musical duet with Richard M. Sherman: Previn played the piano, accompanying Sherman (who played flute). He first came to prominence by arranging and composing Hollywood film scores in 1948. Coincidentally, twenty one years later, both composers won Oscars for different films, both winning in musical categories.

In 1967, Previn became music director of the Houston Symphony Orchestra. In 1968, Previn began his tenure as principal conductor of the London Symphony Orchestra (LSO), serving in that post until 1979. During his LSO tenure, he and the LSO appeared on television in the programme André Previn's Music Night. From 1976 to 1984, Previn was music director of the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra (PSO), and in turn had another television series with the PSO titled Previn and the Pittsburgh. He was also principal conductor of the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra.

In 1984, he was named music director of the Los Angeles Philharmonic, officially taking over the position in 1985. While Previn's tenure with the orchestra was musically satisfactory, other conductors including Kurt Sanderling, Simon Rattle, and Esa-Pekka Salonen, did a better job at selling out concerts. Previn clashed frequently with Ernest Fleischmann (the orchestra's Executive VP and General Manager), most notably when Fleischmann had failed to consult him before deciding to name Salonen as Principal Guest Conductor of the orchestra, complete with a tour of Japan. Because of Previn's objections, Salonen's title and Japanese tour were withdrawn; however, shortly thereafter in April 1989, Previn resigned as Music Director. Four months later, Salonen was named Music Director Designate of the Los Angeles Philharmonic, officially taking the post of Music Director in October 1992. [3]

Previn's many recordings include the three complete ballets of Tchaikovsky, Swan Lake, The Sleeping Beauty, and The Nutcracker, and the complete symphonies of Ralph Vaughan Williams, all with the LSO. With the Los Angeles Philharmonic, he made other recordings of music by Sergei Prokofiev (most notably, the Symphonies 1 and 5, the score to Alexander Nevsky, and the Symphony-Concerto for Cello & Orchestra with Heinrich Schiff as soloist), symphonies and other pieces by Antonín Dvořák, and works by contemporary composers including William Kraft, John Harbison, and Harold Shapero.

Previn has composed film scores and other musical works including a cello concerto and a guitar concerto. He has also adapted and conducted the music for several films, some of them stage-to-film adaptations, such as My Fair Lady, Kismet, Porgy and Bess, and Paint Your Wagon, but several were written especially for film, including the Academy Award-winning Gigi. Several of the film scores were collaborations with his second wife, Dory Previn.

In the mid-to-late 1950s, and more recently, he toured and recorded as a jazz pianist. In the 1950s, mainly recording for Contemporary Records, he worked with Shelly Manne, Leroy Vinnegar, Benny Carter, and others. An album he recorded with Manne and Vinnegar of songs from My Fair Lady was a best-seller (see My Fair Lady (album)). Andre Previn made two albums with Dinah Shore as arranger, conductor, and accompanist in 1960 and made several appearances on The Dinah Shore Chevy Show in the early 1960s. He collaborated with Julie Andrews on a collection of Christmas carols in 1966, focusing on rarely heard carols. This popular album has been reissued many times over the years, and is now available on CD.

In later years, he has concentrated on composing classical music. He collaborated with Tom Stoppard on Every Good Boy Deserves Favour[4], a play with substantial musical content, which was first performed in London in 1977 with Previn conducting the LSO. His first opera, A Streetcar Named Desire, premiered at the San Francisco Opera in 1998. His second opera, Brief Encounter, based on the 1945 movie of the same name, was premiered at Houston Grand Opera on May 1, 2009. His numerous other classical works include vocal, chamber, and orchestral music. Occasionally he has made recordings of jazz music on the Telarc label. With bassist David Finck he has recorded a collection of George Gershwin standards ("We Got Rhythm: Gershwin Songbook") and Duke Ellington classics ("We Got It Good & That Ain't Bad: an Ellington Songbook"), both on the Deutsche Grammophon label.

In the United Kingdom, in addition to his television appearances with the LSO, Previn is particularly remembered for his performance as "Mr Andrew Preview" (or "Privet") on the Morecambe and Wise Christmas Show in 1971, which involved his conducting a performance of Edvard Grieg's Piano Concerto, with Eric Morecambe as the comically-inept soloist. Because of other commitments, the only time available for Previn to learn his part was during a transatlantic flight, but the talent he showed for comedy won high praise from his co-performers. At a concert in Britain afterwards, Previn had to stop the playing of the concerto to allow the audience time to stop giggling as they remembered the sketch. Previn himself notes that people in the UK still recall the sketch years later, where "Taxi drivers still call me Mr Preview".[1]

Personal life

Previn has been married five times. His first three marriages, to Betty Bennett, to Dory Langdon, and then to Mia Farrow, kept him in the public eye. He is the adoptive father of Soon-Yi Previn. After his fourth marriage (to Heather Sneddon in 1982) ended in 2002, Previn wed the German violinist Anne-Sophie Mutter, and later wrote a violin concerto for her. They divorced in 2006, but remain on amicable terms and have continued to work together in concerts.[5] [6]

Previn wrote a memoir of his early years in Hollywood, No Minor Chords, which was published in 1991.

Selected works

Broadway

Film

Jazz

Opera

Television

  • Previn and the Pittsburgh (1977)

Awards and recognitions

Previn received the Kennedy Center Honors in 1998 in recognition for his contributions to classical music and opera in the United States.

He was appointed an honorary Knight of the Order of British Empire in 1996.[7] As he is not a citizen of a Commonwealth Realm, he is not entitled to the form "Sir André Previn", however he is entitled to use the post-nominal letters KBE. In 1977 he became an Honorary Member of the Royal Academy of Music.[8]

In 2005, Previn was awarded the International Glenn Gould Prize in recognition of his achievements. His television show, Previn and the Pittsburgh, was nominated for three Emmy awards.

Previn also won the 2008 Gramophone Award's Lifetime Achievement Award for his work in classical, film, and jazz music.[9]

Academy Awards

Previn has received a total of thirteen Academy Award nominations, with four Oscar wins.

Best Music – Scoring of a Musical Picture
Best Score – Adaptation or Treatment

Grammy Awards

Best Instrumental Soloist
  • 2005 Previn: Violin Concerto; Bernstein: Serenade for Solo Violin, Strings, Harp and Percussion
Best Classical Crossover Album
Best Chamber Music Performance
Best Choral Performance
Best Performance by an Orchestra
Best Sound Track Album
Best Jazz Performance – Soloist or Small Group

References

  1. ^ a b c Stephen Moss (June 6, 2005). "Baton charged". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2005/jun/06/classicalmusicandopera2. Retrieved September 6, 2009.  
  2. ^ Previn has mentioned in the liner notes of the program printed for his appearance as guest conductor of the Boston Symphony Orchestra during the 2006–2007 season that his year of birth is 1930, and not 1929 as many sources claim.
  3. ^ Bernheimer, Martin (October 8, 1989). "The Tyrant of Philharmonic". Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/1989-10-08/magazine/tm-1_1_ernest-fleischmann. Retrieved October 4, 2009.  
  4. ^ Michael Billington (January 19, 2009). "Every Good Boy Deserves Favour". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/stage/2009/jan/19/review-every-good-boy-deserves-favour. Retrieved September 6, 2009.  
  5. ^ Tim Ashley (June 26, 2008). "LSO/Previn/Mutter (Barbican, London)". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2008/jun/26/classicalmusicandopera.culture. Retrieved September 6, 2009.  
  6. ^ Emma Brockes (October 1, 2008). "'I gambled on my talent'". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2008/oct/01/classicalmusicandopera.usa. Retrieved September 6, 2009.  
  7. ^ Chris Jones (August 9, 2002). "André Previn: Striking the right chord". BBC News: Newsmakers. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/in_depth/uk/2000/newsmakers/2183564.stm. Retrieved September 6, 2009.  
  8. ^ "Honorary Members of the Royal Academy of Music (Oct.14, 2009)". Royal Academy of Music. October 14, 2009. http://www.ram.ac.uk/whoswho/Pages/HonRAM.aspx. Retrieved October 14, 2009.  
  9. ^ "Lifetime win for composer Previn". BBC. September 26, 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/7637677.stm. Retrieved October 1, 2008.  

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