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André Thouin (10 February 1746 - 24 October 1824) was a French botanist who was born in Paris. He studied botany under Bernard de Jussieu (1699-1777). In 1793 Thouin attained the chair of horticulture at Muséum national d'histoire naturelle in Paris. Thouin was a good friend of U.S. President Thomas Jefferson, and his younger brother Gabriel Thouin (1747-1829) was a noted landscape architect. He was also the Godfather of Jean Baptiste Lamarck's son Andre. He is denoted by the author abbreviation Thouin when citing a botanical name.

André Thouin

Thouin is remembered for his contributions made in the field of agronomy, and his scientific work concerning improved grafting techniques and seed selection. He was also a pioneer conservationalist, stressing the importance of replacing woodlands to compensate for their destruction due to human encroachment.

Selected publications

  • Description de l'École d'agriculture pratique du Muséum d'histoire naturelle (1814)
  • Manuel d'arboriculture. Manuel illustré de la culture, de la taille et de la greffe des arbres fruitiers.
  • Monographie des greffes, ou Description technique des diverses sortes de greffes employées pour la multiplication des végétaux. (1821)
  • Cours de culture et de naturalisation des végétaux (1827).

References

  • This article is based on a translation of an article from the French Wikipedia

Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

André Thouin.

French botanist (1747-1824).


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