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Andrew Lintner Harris
November 17, 1835(1835-11-17) – September 13, 1915 (aged 79)
Andrew Lintner Harris - oval.jpg
Place of birth Milford Township, Butler County, Ohio
Allegiance United States of America
Union
Service/branch Union Army
Rank Brigadier General
Battles/wars American Civil War

Andrew Lintner Harris (also known as The Farmer-Statesman) (November 17, 1835 – September 13, 1915) was one of the heroes of the Battle of Gettysburg and the last Civil War general to serve as a governor in the U.S., serving as the 44th Governor of Ohio.

Contents

Biography

Harris was born in Milford Township, Butler County, Ohio, and was educated in the local schools. After graduating from Miami University in 1860, Harris enlisted as a private in the Union Army, and quickly rose to the rank of Colonel of the 75th Ohio Infantry, seeing action in many of the Army of the Potomac's engagements. At Gettysburg on July 1, 1863, he led his men in a successful withdrawal through the hotly contested streets to Cemetery Hill, where they entrenched on the northeastern slope. Assuming command of a brigade, Harris played a key role in delaying repeated attacks the next day by Harry T. Hays's famed Louisiana Tigers, helping secure the critical hill for George G. Meade. Harris continued to lead troops through the war, although he suffered an embarrassing defeat in August 1864 at the Battle of Gainesville in Florida.

An attorney, Harris began practicing law in 1865 and then served in the Ohio State Senate from 1866–70 and as Preble County Probate Judge from 1875-82. Harris served as Lieutenant Governor of Ohio three times, elected in 1892 and 1894 as the running mate of William McKinley, and again in 1906. An early temperance activist and Republican politician, Harris served as governor from 1906-1909. He was renominated in 1909, but lost narrowly to Warren G. Harding. While in office, Harris signed legislation banning corporate political donations. Harris also served on the U.S. Industrial Commission on Trusts under President McKinley.

Namesakes and Honors

Per state law, U.S. 127 between Hamilton and Eaton was renamed the Gov. Andrew L. Harris Bicentennial Roadway. At the Milford Township Bicentennial in 2005, the Gov. Andrew L. Harris Bicentennial Roadway was dedicated by the Governor's relative, James Brodbelt Harris, president of the family reunion association and whose family continues to own an Ohio Century Farm in the township. On February 16, 2006, James Brodbelt Harris filed petitions to run for the Republican nomination in Ohio's 18th Congressional District. See: - Harris For Ohio

See also

References

  • Baumgartner, Richard A., Buckeye Blood: Ohio at Gettysburg. Huntington, West Virginia: Blue Acorn Press, 2003. ISBN 1-885033-29-X.
  • Bissland, James "Blood, Tears, and Glory: How Ohioans Won the Civil War." Wilmington, Ohio: Orange Frazer Press, 2007. ISBN 1-933197-05-6.
  • Reid, Whitelaw, Ohio in the War: Her Statesmen, Her Generals, and Soldiers. 2 vol. Cincinnati: Moore, Wilstach, & Baldwin, 1868.
Political offices
Preceded by
William V. Marquis
Lieutenant Governor of Ohio
1892–1896
Succeeded by
Asa W. Jones
Preceded by
Warren G. Harding
Lieutenant Governor of Ohio
1906–1906
Succeeded by
Francis W. Treadway
Preceded by
John M. Pattison
Governor of Ohio
1906–1909
Succeeded by
Judson Harmon
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