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Andy Murray
Andy Murray Hopman Cup 2010.jpg
Country United Kingdom Great Britain
Residence London, United Kingdom
Date of birth 15 May 1987 (1987-05-15) (age 22)
Place of birth Glasgow, United Kingdom
Height 1.90 m (6 ft 3 in)
Weight 84 kg (190 lb; 13.2 st)
Turned pro 2005
Plays Right-handed, two-handed backhand
Career prize money US$10,909,093
Singles
Career record 228–78 (74.50%)
Career titles 14
Highest ranking No. 2 (17 August 2009)
Current ranking No. 4 (8 March 2010)
Grand Slam results
Australian Open F (2010)
French Open QF (2009)
Wimbledon SF (2009)
US Open F (2008)
Major tournaments
Tour Finals SF (2008)
Olympic Games 1R (2008)
Doubles
Career record 23–38
Career titles 0
Highest ranking No. 89 (2 April 2007)
Australian Open 1R (2006)
French Open 2R (2006)
Wimbledon 1R (2005)
US Open 2R (2008)
Last updated on: 9 January 2009.

Andrew "Andy" Murray (born 15 May 1987) is a Scottish professional tennis player and current British number 1. He is ranked World No. 4, having previously held the No. 2 ranking position for two weeks from 17 August 2009 to 31 August 2009, making him the highest-ranked British male player since Fred Perry.[1] Murray achieved a top 10 ranking by the Association of Tennis Professionals for the first time on 16 April 2007. He has reached two Grand Slam finals, finishing runner-up to Roger Federer both times at the 2008 US Open and the 2010 Australian Open.[2]

Murray is most proficient on a fast surface (such as hard courts),[3] although he has worked hard since 2008 on improving his clay court game.[4] Murray works with a team of fitness experts,[5] along with Miles Maclagan who is his main coach.[5]

Personal life

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Early life

Andy Murray was born to Willie and Judy in Glasgow, Scotland.[6][7][8] His maternal grandfather, Roy Erskine, was a professional footballer who played reserve team matches for Hibernian and in the Scottish Football League for Stirling Albion and Cowdenbeath.[9][10][11][12] His brother, Jamie, is also a professional tennis player, playing on the doubles circuit.[13] Murray was born with a bipartite patella, where the kneecap remains as two separate bones instead of fusing together in early childhood.[14][15]

Dunblane massacre

Murray attended Dunblane Primary School, where he experienced the Dunblane Massacre of 1996.[16] Thomas Hamilton killed 17 people, mostly children who were in a younger age group than Murray, before turning one of his four guns on himself. Murray himself took cover in a classroom.[17] Murray says he was too young to understand what was happening and is reluctant to talk about it in interviews, but in his autobiography Hitting Back he says that he attended a youth group run by Hamilton, and that his mother gave him rides in her car.[18]

Murray later attended Dunblane High School.[19][20] Following the separation of his parents when he was aged nine, Murray and his brother Jamie lived with their father.[21]

Later life

Murray was in a four-year relationship with Kim Sears, which ended in 2009.[22][23] His tennis idol is Andre Agassi[24]

Career

Junior tennis

Murray first picked up a tennis racquet when he was two years old, and was soon playing with his older brother Jamie. Leon Smith, Murray's tennis coach from 11 to 17, said he had never seen a five-year-old like Murray, describing him as "unbelievably competitive". Murray attributes his abilities to the motivation gained from losing to Jamie, who had been the second-best junior player in the world. He first beat Jamie in an under-12s final in Solihull, afterwards teasing Jamie until his brother hit him hard enough to lose a nail on his left hand. At 12, Murray won the Orange Bowl, a prestigious event for under-12s.[25] He briefly moved away from tennis, turning towards football instead, but soon reverted.[26]

When playing against Rafael Nadal, who was a year older than Murray, he found out Nadal was training with Carlos Moyà, the world number one.[19][20] Murray was angry that he had only his brother to practice with, so when he was 15 he moved to Barcelona, Spain, where he attended the Schiller International School[27] and trained on the clay courts of the Sánchez-Casal Academy. Murray described this as "a big sacrifice to move away from your family, and spend money training over there when you're not making any back".[20] His schoolwork was also sacrificed during this period and he left without qualifications. While in Spain he trained with Emilio Sánchez, formerly the world number one doubles player.[20] In September 2004, he won the junior US Open and was selected for the Davis Cup match against Austria later that month.[28] Later that year, he won BBC Young Sports Personality of the Year.[29]

2005

Murray began 2005 ranked 407 in the World.

In March he became the youngest Briton to ever play in the Davis Cup.[30] Turning professional in April,[31] Murray played his first senior tournament when he was given a wild card to the Open SEAT clay court tournament in Barcelona. He was also given wild cards to Queens[32] and Wimbledon. Ranked 312, he upset 14th seed Radek Štěpánek in the second round in straight sets, becoming the first Scot in the open era to reach the third round of the mens singles tournament at Wimbledon.[33]

Having qualified for the US Open, he lost in the second round to Arnaud Clément. On 3 October, after losing to World number one, Roger Federer in the final of the Thailand Open, Murray achieved a top-100 ranking for the first time.[34] He completed the year ranked 64 and was named the 2005 BBC Scotland Sports Personality of the Year.[35]

2006

Murray won his first ATP title, the SAP Open in San Jose, California in 2006, defeating Lleyton Hewitt in the final.

Murray at the 2008 US Open

He progressed to the fourth round at Wimbledon, and was the runner-up at the Legg Mason Tennis Classic. At the ATP Masters Series event in Cincinnati, Murray became one of only two players to defeat Roger Federer in 2006. He also reached the fourth round of the US Open.

Murray ended the year ranked 17th, his career best to that point.

2007

In 2007, Murray reached the fourth round of the Australian Open.[36] He then successfully defended his San Jose title but was unable to play at the French Open, Queen's or Wimbledon due to injury.[37] On his return, Murray played in Great Britain's winning Davis Cup tie against Croatia. He then reached the final at the Metz International and won his third senior ATP title at the 2007 St. Petersburg Open.

Murray ended the year ranked 11th.

2008

Murray re-entered the top-ten rankings early in 2008 when he won the Qatar ExxonMobil Open. He was the ninth seed at the Australian Open but lost to eventual runner-up Jo-Wilfried Tsonga in the first round.

In all, Murray won six titles in 2008 including a successful defence of the St Petersburg Open and ATP Masters Series wins at Cincinnati and Madrid.[38] He reached the third round of the French Open and the quarter finals at Wimbledon. In August 2008, Murray played in his first Grand Slam final, losing to Roger Federer at the US Open.

Murray ended 2008 ranked fourth in the World.

2009

Murray made the quarter-finals of the 2009 French Open

Murray began 2009 by beating James Blake, Roger Federer, and Rafael Nadal to win the exhibition tournament in Abu Dhabi. He followed this with a successful defence of his title at the Qatar Open in Doha.[39] Seeded fourth at the Australian Open, Murray lost in the fourth round to Fernando Verdasco.[40] He won his eleventh career title at Rotterdam, beating the World number one, Nadal in the final,[41] but sustained an injury forcing his withdrawal from the Marseille Open, which he won in 2008.[42] Returning from injury, Murray lost the final at Indian Wells,[43] but won at Key Biscayne where he defeated Novak Djokovic in the final. On 11 May 2009, he achieved the highest ever ranking of a British male in the open era when he became World number 3.[44]

Murray reached the quarter finals of the 2009 French Open but was defeated by Fernando Gonzalez. He won at Queen's, becoming the first British winner of the tournament since 1938. This was Murray's first tournament win on grass and his first in the United Kingdom.[45] He was initially seeded third at Wimbledon, but after the withdrawal of defending champion Rafeal Nadal, Murray became the second highest seeded player, after Roger Federer, and highest-ever seeded Briton in a senior event at Wimbledon.[46] He lost in the semi finals to Andy Roddick, thereby achieving his best result in the tournament.

Murray won at Montreal[47] and Valencia.[48] He reached the fourth round of the 2009 US Open but was defeated by Marin Cilic in straight sets by a score of 7-5, 6-2, 6-2.

By the end of 2009, Murray was again ranked fourth in the world.

2010

Murray and Laura Robson represented Great Britain at the Hopman Cup. The pair progressed to the final where they were beaten by Spain.[49]

Murray was seeded fifth in the Australian Open. He became the first British man to reach more than one Grand Slam final in 72 years,[50] but lost to Roger Federer in straight sets.[51]

He beat Russia's Igor Kunitsyn in the first round of the 2010 Dubai Tennis Championships 6-2 6-3 but was defeated in the second round by Janko Tipsarevic of Serbia 7-6(7-3) 4-6 6-4.

He has also reached the Quarter Finals of the ATP Masters 1000 event, the BNP Paribas Open / Indian Wells where he will play swede Robin Soderling for a place in the semi finals.

Playing style and equipment

Murray is best described as a defensive counter-puncher,[52] with professional tennis coach Paul Annacone citing that Murray "may be the best counterpuncher on tour today."[53] His greatest strengths include solid groundstrokes with low error rate, the uncanny ability to anticipate and react, and his transition from defense to offense with extraordinary speed which enables him to hit winners from defensive positions. His playing style has been liken to that of Miloslav Mecir, aka "the cat".[54] Murray's tactics usually involve passive exchanges from the baseline, usually waiting for an unforced error. He is also capable of injecting sudden pace to his groundstrokes to surprise his opponents who are used to the slow rally.[55] Murray is also known for being one of the most intelligent tacticians on the court, often constructing points.[56][57] One of his greatest strengths, however, is his first serve.[58]

Early in his career, most of his main tour wins came on hard courts. However, he claimed to prefer clay courts,[59][60] because of his training in Barcelona as a junior player.[61]

Murray is sponsored by Head for his racquets, and uses the new Head Youtek Radical Pro. He wore Fred Perry apparel until late 2009, when he signed a five year £10M contract with adidas, which he began wearing at the start of the 2010 season.[62]

National identity

Murray identifies himself primarily as "Scottish, but also British".[63][64] Prior to Wimbledon 2006, Murray caused some public debate[65] when he was quoted as saying he would "support anyone but England" at the 2006 World Cup. He received large amounts of hate mail on his website as a result.[66] It was also reported (incorrectly, it turned out) that Murray had worn a Paraguay shirt on the day of England's World Cup match with the South American team.[65]

Murray explained that his comments were said in jest during a light-hearted interview with sports columnist Des Kelly,[67] who asked him if he would be supporting Scotland in the World Cup, in the knowledge that Scotland had failed to qualify for the tournament.[68] Kelly stated another tabloid had later "lifted a couple of them comments into a 'story' that took on a life of its own and from there the truth was lost" and that he despaired over the "nonsensical criticism".[69]

Murray protested that he is "not anti-English and never was"[63] and he expressed disappointment over England's subsequent elimination by Portugal.[70] In an interview with Nicky Campbell on BBC Radio 5 Live, Tim Henman confirmed that the remarks had been made in jest and were only in response to Murray being teased by Kelly[67] and Henman.[71] He also stated that the rumour that Murray had worn a Paraguay shirt was untrue.[71]

In an interview with Gabby Logan for the BBC's Inside Sport programme, Murray said that he was both Scottish and British and was comfortable and happy with his British identity.[72] He said he saw no conflict between the two and was equally proud of them. He has also pointed out that he is quarter English with some of his family originating from Newcastle, his coach is Scottish and that his then girlfriend, Kim Sears, is English.[73]

Murray was often seen donning wristbands bearing the insignia of the flag of Scotland in his early career.[74]

Major finals

Grand Slam singles

2 finals (2 runner-ups)

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent in the final Score in the final
Runner-up 2008 US Open Hard Switzerland Roger Federer 6–2, 7–5, 6–2
Runner-up 2010 Australian Open Hard Switzerland Roger Federer 6–3, 6–4, 7–6(11)

ATP Masters Series

5 finals (4 wins, 1 runner-up)

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent in the final Score in the final
Winner 2008 Cincinnati Hard Serbia Novak Djokovic 7–6(5), 7–6(4)
Winner 2008 Madrid Hard France Gilles Simon 6–4, 7–6(6)
Runner-up 2009 Indian Wells Hard Spain Rafael Nadal 6–1, 6–2
Winner 2009 Miami Hard Serbia Novak Djokovic 6–2, 7–5
Winner 2009 Montréal, Canada Hard Argentina Juan Martín del Potro 6–7(4), 7–6(3), 6–1

Career finals

Singles

Official tournaments (21)

Wins (14)
Legend (pre/post 2009)
Grand Slam tournaments (0)
Tennis Masters Cup /
ATP World Tour Finals (0)
ATP Masters Series /
ATP World Tour Masters 1000 (4)
ATP International Series Gold /
ATP World Tour 500 Series (2)
ATP International Series /
ATP World Tour 250 Series (8)
Titles by Surface
Hard (12)
Clay (0)
Grass (1)
Carpet (1)
No. Date Tournament Surface Opponent in the final Score in the final
1. 19 February 2006 San Jose, United States Hard (i) Australia Lleyton Hewitt 2–6, 6–1, 7–6(3)
2. 18 February 2007 San Jose, United States Hard (i) Croatia Ivo Karlović 6–7(3), 6–4, 7–6(2)
3. 28 October 2007 St. Petersburg, Russia Carpet (i) Spain Fernando Verdasco 6–2, 6–3
4. 5 January 2008 Doha, Qatar Hard Switzerland Stanislas Wawrinka 6–4, 4–6, 6–2
5. 17 February 2008 Marseille, France Hard (i) Croatia Mario Ančić 6–3, 6–4
6. 3 August 2008 Cincinnati, U.S. Hard Serbia Novak Ðoković 7–6(4), 7–6(5)
7. 19 October 2008 Madrid, Spain Hard (i) France Gilles Simon 6–4, 7–6(6)
8. 26 October 2008 St. Petersburg, Russia Hard (i) Kazakhstan Andrey Golubev 6–1, 6–1
9. 10 January 2009 Doha, Qatar Hard United States Andy Roddick 6–4, 6–2
10. 15 February 2009 Rotterdam, Netherlands Hard (i) Spain Rafael Nadal 6–3, 4–6, 6–0
11. 5 April 2009 Miami, U.S. Hard Serbia Novak Ðoković 6–2, 7–5
12. 14 June 2009 London, United Kingdom Grass United States James Blake 7–5, 6–4
13. 16 August 2009 Montréal, Canada Hard Argentina Juan Martin del Potro 6–7(4), 7–6(3), 6–1
14. 8 November 2009 Valencia, Spain Hard (i) Russia Mikhail Youzhny 6–3, 6–2
Runner-ups (7)
Legend (pre/post 2009)
Grand Slam tournaments (2)
Tennis Masters Cup /
ATP World Tour Finals (0)
ATP Masters Series /
ATP World Tour Masters 1000 (1)
ATP International Series Gold /
ATP World Tour 500 Series (0)
ATP International Series /
ATP World Tour 250 Series (4)
No. Date Tournament Surface Opponent in the final Score in the final
1. 1 October 2005 Bangkok, Thailand Hard (i) Switzerland Roger Federer 6–3, 7–5
2. 6 August 2006 Washington, United States Hard France Arnaud Clément 7–6(4), 6–2
3. 6 January 2007 Doha, Qatar Hard Croatia Ivan Ljubičić 6–4, 6–4
4. 7 October 2007 Metz, France Hard (i) Spain Tommy Robredo 0–6, 6–2, 6–3
5. 8 September 2008 US Open, U.S. Hard Switzerland Roger Federer 6–2, 7–5, 6–2
6. 22 March 2009 Indian Wells, U.S. Hard Spain Rafael Nadal 6–1, 6–2
7. 31 January 2010 Australian Open, Australia Hard Switzerland Roger Federer 6–3, 6–4, 7–6(11)

Exhibition tournaments

Win
No. Date Tournament Surface Opponent in the final Score in the final
1. 3 January 2009 Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates Hard Spain Rafael Nadal 6–4, 5–7, 6–3

Doubles

Runner-up (1)
Legend (pre/post 2009)
ATP International Series /
ATP World Tour 250 Series (1)
No. Date Tournament Surface Partner Opponent in the final Score in the final
1. 1 October 2006 Bangkok, Thailand Hard (i) United Kingdom Jamie Murray Israel Jonathan Erlich
Israel Andy Ram
6–2, 2–6, 10-4

Performance timeline

Singles

To prevent confusion and double counting, information in this table is updated only once a tournament or the player's participation in the tournament has concluded. This table is current through to the end of the 2009 season.

Tournament 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Career SR Career win-loss
Australian Open A A A 1R 4R 1R 4R F 0 / 5 12–5
French Open A A A 1R A 3R QF 0 / 3 6–3
Wimbledon A A 3R 4R A QF SF 0 / 4 14–4
U.S. Open A A 2R 4R 3R F 4R 0 / 5 15–5
Grand Slam SR 0 / 0 0 / 0 0 / 2 0 / 4 0 / 2 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 1 0 / 17 47–17
Grand Slam Win-Loss 0–0 0–0 3–2 6–4 5–2 12–4 15–4 6–1 N/A
Indian Wells Masters A A A 2R SF 4R F 0 / 4 12–4
Miami Masters A A A 1R SF 2R W 1 / 4 10–3
Monte Carlo Masters A A A 1R A 3R SF 0 / 3 5–3
Rome Masters A A A 1R 1R 2R 2R 0 / 4 1–4
Madrid Masters A A A 3R 3R W QF 1 / 4 11–3
Canada Masters A A A SF 2R SF W 1 / 4 13–3
Cincinnati Masters A A 2R QF 1R W SF 1 / 5 12–4
Shanghai Masters Not ATP Masters Series A 0 / 0 0 – 0
Paris Masters A A A 3R QF QF 3R 0 / 4 6–4
Hamburg Masters A A A 2R 1R 3R NM1 0 / 3 3–3
Masters SR 0 / 0 0 / 0 0 / 1 0 / 9 0 / 8 2 / 9 2 / 8 0 / 0 4 / 35 N/A
Masters Win-Loss 0–0 0–0 1–1 12–9 13–8 22–7 19–6 0–0 N/A 67–31
ATP World Tour Finals A A A A A SF RR 0 / 2 5–2
ATP Tournaments Played 0 0 10 26 16 19 15 1 122
ATP Final Appearances 0 0 1 2 4 6 7 1 21
ATP Titles 0 0 0 1 2 5 6 0 14
Hardcourt Win-Loss 0–0 0–0 7–4 26–14 36–12 36–9 31–2 6–1 136–42
Grass Win-Loss 0–0 0–0 5–3 9–4 2–0 8–1 10–1 N/A 32–9
Carpet Win-Loss 0–0 0–0 2–1 1–2 5–0 5–0 5–0 N/A 13–3
Clay Win-Loss 0–0 0–0 0–2 4–5 0–2 7–5 9–4 N/A 20–18
Overall Win-Loss 0–0 0–0 14–10 40–25 43–14 56–15 66–11 6–1 225–77
Year End Ranking 540 411 63 17 11 4 4 N/A N/A

To help interpret the performance table, the legend below explains what each abbreviation and color coded box represents in the performance timeline.

Terms to know
SR the ratio of the number of singles tournaments
won to the number of those tournaments played
W-L player's Win-Loss record
Performance Table Legend
NH tournament not held in that calendar year A did not participate in the tournament
LQ lost in qualifying draw #R lost in the early rounds of the tournament
(RR = round robin)
QF advanced to but not past the quarterfinals SF advanced to but not past the semifinals
F advanced to the final, tournament runner-up W won the tournament
NM1 means an event that was not an ATP Masters 1000 tournament.

ATP Tour career earnings

Year Majors ATP wins Total wins Earnings ($) Money list rank
2003 0 0 0 7,609 599
2004 0 0 0 5,380 731
2005 0 0 0 219,490 105
2006 0 1 1 677,802 26
2007 0 2 2 880,905 21
2008 0 5 5 3,705,648 4
2009* 0 5 5 3,142,632 5
Career 0 13 13 8,642,068 38
  • As of 16 October 2009.

Head-to-head record against other players

Murray's win-loss record against certain players who have been ranked World No. 10 or higher is as follows:

Players who have been ranked World No. 1 are in boldface.

*As of 27 January 2010

References

  1. ^ Andy Murray officially ascends to Number Three, Murrays World
  2. ^ Murray stuns Nadal to reach Final, BBC
  3. ^ "No surface tension as Murray looks to shed his feet of clay". Independent.co.uk. 12 April 2009. http://www.independent.co.uk/sport/tennis/no-surface-tension-as-murray-looks-to-shed-his-feet-of-clay-1667477.html. Retrieved 26 June 2009. 
  4. ^ BBC Sport (4 April 2008). "Corretja to help Murray on clay". http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/tennis/7331593.stm. Retrieved 1 July 2008. 
  5. ^ a b Andy Murray: A nation expects, Belfast Telegraph, 23 June 2008
  6. ^ "Scottish Genealogy Scottish Ancestry Family Tree Scottish Genealogists". http://www.scottishroots.com/andy.html. 
  7. ^ Biography, Andy Murray official site.
  8. ^ Profile, Andy Murray official site.
  9. ^ Dunblane tastes regret along with its new favourite son, The Guardian, 26 June 2006
  10. ^ MURRAY, Andy (GBR), International Tennis Federation profile.
  11. ^ STIRLING ALBION : 1947/48 - 2008/09, Post War English & Scottish Football League A - Z Player's Database.
  12. ^ COWDENBEATH : 1946/47 - 2008/09, Post War English & Scottish Football League A - Z Player's Database.
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  15. ^ "About Orthopedics - Patella disorders". Orthopedics.about.com. http://orthopedics.about.com/od/kneecappatelladisorders/g/bipartite.htm. Retrieved 26 June 2009. 
  16. ^ Faultless young Scot who is all set to take on the tennis world, The Scotsman, 14 September 2004
  17. ^ Murray, Andy (2008). Hitting Back. Random House. p. 44. ISBN 9781846051678. 
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  19. ^ a b Paul Kimmage (4 June 2006). "The Big Interview: Andy Murray". London: The Times. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/sport/article671494.ece. Retrieved 17 March 2008. 
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  21. ^ Malcolm Folley and Patricia Kane (5 July 2009). "What really upset Andy? The day that Judy walked out on us". Daily Mail. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-1197595/Tennis-stars-father-reveals-What-really-upset-Andy-The-day-Judy-walked-us.html. Retrieved 5 July 2009. 
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  23. ^ Andy Murray splits with girlfriend Kim Sears, who followed him on tennis tours around the world Mail Online
  24. ^ Andy Murray surprised by his idol Andre Agassi's crystal meth revelations The Guardian
  25. ^ JUNIOR ORANGE BOWL INTERNATIONAL CHAMPIONSHIPS, "College and Junior Tennis" Retrieved on 19 July 2008
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  30. ^ "GB pair take stunning doubles win". BBC Sport. 5 March 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/tennis/4319789.stm. Retrieved 11 November 2008. 
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  37. ^ Yahoo! Sports. "Injured Murray pulls out of Wimbledon". http://sports.yahoo.com/ten/news?slug=reu-wimbledonmurray&prov=reuters&type=lgns. Retrieved 24 June 2007. 
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  40. ^ Baynes, Dan (27 January 2009). "Murray Says 'No Disaster' in Australian Open Loss to Verdasco". Bloomberg.com. http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601102&sid=a638z6QofdwY&refer=uk. Retrieved 28 January 2009. 
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  42. ^ "Murray eases into Rotterdam final". BBC Sport. 14 February 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/tennis/7890302.stm. Retrieved 14 February 2009. 
  43. ^ Dirs, Ben (22 March 2009). "BBC SPORT | Tennis | Murray v Nadal as it happened". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/tennis/7958320.stm. Retrieved 26 June 2009. 
  44. ^ "BBC SPORT | Tennis | Murray to move third in rankings". BBC News. 3 May 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/tennis/8030391.stm. Retrieved 26 June 2009. 
  45. ^ "Classy Murray wins Queen's title". BBC Sport. 14 June 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/tennis/8099594.stm. Retrieved 14 June 2009. 
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  47. ^ "Murray vs Del Potro". BBC SPORT. 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/tennis/8204081.stm. Retrieved 16 August 2009. 
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