List of stars in Andromeda
|Pronunciation||/ænˈdrɒmɨdə/, genitive /ænˈdrɒmɨdiː/|
the Woman Chained
|Right ascension||1 h|
|Area||722 sq. deg. (19th)|
|Main stars||4, 18|
|Stars brighter than 3m||3|
|Stars within 10 pc (32.6 ly)||3|
|Brightest star||α And (Alpheratz) (2.07m)|
(10.30 ly, 3.16 pc)
|Meteor showers||Andromedids (Bielids)|
|Visible at latitudes
between +90° and −40°.
Best visible at 21:00 (9 p.m.) during the month of November.
Andromeda is a constellation in the northern sky. It is named after Andromeda, the princess in the Greek legend of Perseus who was chained to a rock to be eaten by sea monster Cetus. It is sometimes called "the Chained Lady" or "the Chained Woman" in English (Mulier Catenata in Latin, al-Mar'at al Musalsalah in Arabic). It has also been called Persea ("Perseus's wife") or Cepheis ("Cepheus's daughter"). The Andromeda Galaxy is named after the constellation, as it appears within its boundaries.
The most famous deep sky object in Andromeda is a spiral galaxy Messier 31, the Andromeda Galaxy, one of the most distant objects visible to the naked eye (Messier 33, the Triangulum Galaxy, is slightly farther). It is an enormous spiral galaxy much like the Milky Way. To find the galaxy, draw a line between β and μ And, and extend the line approximately the same distance again from μ And.
When the constellation is envisioned as representing the princess Andromeda, α Andromedae is normally considered to mark her head. However, the star's traditional Arabic names mean "horse" and "navel".
Several other nearby constellations are associated with the myth of Andromeda, including Cassiopeia (her mother), Cepheus (her father), Cetus (the monster), Perseus (her saviour) and Pegasus (his horse).