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Bog-rosemary
Andromeda polifolia var. polifolia in flower
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Ericaceae
Genus: Andromeda
Species: A. polifolia
Binomial name
Andromeda polifolia
L.

Andromeda polifolia, commonly known as Bog-rosemary, is a heath found across northern parts of the Northern Hemisphere. Bog rosemary is only found in bogs in cold peat-accumulating areas.

It is a small shrub growing to 10-20 cm (rarely to 40 cm) tall with slender stems. The leaves are evergreen, alternately arranged, lanceolate, 1-5 cm long and 2-8 mm broad, dark green above (purplish in winter) and white beneath with the leaf margins curled under. The flowers are bell-shaped, white to pink, 5-8 mm long; flowering is in late spring to early summer. The fruit is a small capsule containing numerous seeds.

Bog-rosemary contains grayanotoxin, which when ingested lowers blood pressure, and may cause respiratory problems, dizziness, vomiting, or diarrhoea.[1]

There are two varieties, treated as distinct species by some botanists:

The name derives from the superficial resemblance of the leaves to those of the unrelated shrub Rosemary (Rosmarinus, family Lamiaceae).

Andromeda is also the common name for plants in the genus Pieris, which is also a member of Ericaceae.

External links

Images

References

  1. ^ Jim Pojar and Andy MacKinnon, ed (2004) (in English language). Plants of the Pacific Northwest Coast (Revised ed.). Vancouver: Lone Pine Publishing. p. 53. ISBN 978-1-55105-530-5.  
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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Andromeda polifolia

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Ordo: Unassigned Asterids
Ordo: Ericales
Familia: Ericaceae
Subfamilia: Vaccinioideae
Tribus: Andromedeae
Genus: Andromeda
Species: Andromeda polifolia

Name

Andromeda polifolia L.

References

Data compiled from various sources by Mark W. Skinner. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.

  • Species Plantarum 1:393. 1753
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. [1]

Vernacular names

Deutsch: Rosmarinheide
English: Bog-rosemary
Русский: Подбел обыкновенный
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Andromeda polifolia on Wikimedia Commons.

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