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Andronikos IV Palaiologos or Andronicus IV Palaeologus (Greek: Ανδρόνικος Δ' Παλαιολόγος, Andronikos IV Paleologos, April 2, 1348 – June 28, 1385), was Byzantine emperor from 1376 to 1379.

Contents

Life

Andronikos IV Palaiologos was the eldest son of Emperor John V Palaiologos by his wife Helena Kantakouzene. His maternal grandparents were John VI Kantakouzenos and Irene Asanina.

Although he was associated as co-emperor by his father since the early 1350s, Andronikos IV rebelled when the Ottoman sultan Murad I forced John V into vassalage in 1373. Andronikos IV had allied with his lover Savci Bey, Murad's son who was rebelling against his own father, but both rebellions failed. Murad I blinded his son and demanded that John V have Andronikos IV blinded as well, but John V blinded Andronikos in only one eye.[1]

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Reign

In July 1376 the Genoese helped Andronikos to escape from prison. He went straight to sultan Murad II, and agreed to return Gallipoli in return for his support. Gallipoli had been retaken by the Byzantines ten years before, with the assistance of Amadeus VI, Count of Savoy. The sultan duly provided a mixed force of cavalry and infantry and with these Andronikos was able to take control of Constantinople. Here he was able to capture and imprison both John V and his son Manuel.

However, he made the mistake of favouring the Genoese too highly by awarding them Tenedos. The governor there refused to hand it over, and passed it on to Venice. In the same year, 1377, he crowned his young son John VII as co-emperor. However in 1379 John and Manuel escaped to sultan Murad, and with the assistance of the Venetians overthrew Andronikos later in the year. The Venetians restored John V to the throne, with Manuel II. Andronikos fled to Galata, and stayed there until 1381, when he was once again made co-emperor and heir to the throne despite his earlier treachery. Andronikos IV was also given the city of Selymbria (Silivri) as his personal domain, however he predeceased his father here in 1385, never to rule as legitimate emperor.

Family

By his wife Keratsa of Bulgaria (nun Makaria), a daughter of Emperor Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria and his second wife Sarah-Theodora, Andronikos IV had several children, including:

  1. John VII Palaiologos, emperor in 1390

Ancestry

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
16. Andronikos II Palaiologos
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8. Michael IX Palaiologos
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
17. Anna of Hungary
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. Andronikos III Palaiologos
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
18. Levon II of Armenia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9. Rita of Armenia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
19. Keran of Armenia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2. John V Palaiologos
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
20. Thomas II, Count of Piedmont
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10. Amadeus V, Count of Savoy
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
21. Beatrice di Fieschi
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5. Anna of Savoy
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
22. John I, Duke of Brabant
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11. Maria of Brabant
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
23. Margaret of Flanders
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. Andronikos IV Palaiologos
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12. Michael Kantakouzenos
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6. John VI Kantakouzenos
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13. Theodora Palaiologina Angelina Kantakouzene
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3. Helena Kantakouzene
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
28. Ivan Asen III of Bulgaria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14. Andronikos Asen
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
29. Eirene Palaiologina
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7. Irene Asanina
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

References

  1. ^ Gibbon, Edward, Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Modern Library, v. iii, p. 651
Andronikos IV Palaiologos
Palaiologos dynasty
Born: 2 April 1348 Died: 28 June 1385
Regnal titles
Preceded by
John V Palaiologos
Byzantine Emperor
1376–1379
Succeeded by
John V Palaiologos

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