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Andros
Άνδρος
Batsi,Andros
Batsi,Andros
Geography
GR Andros.PNG
Coordinates: 37°50′N 24°56′E / 37.833°N 24.933°E / 37.833; 24.933
Island Chain: Cyclades
Area: 380.041 km² (147 sq.mi.)
Highest Mountain: Mt. Kouvara (995 m (3,264 ft))
Government
Greece Greece
Periphery: South Aegean
Prefecture: Cyclades
Capital: Andros (town)
Statistics
Population: 10,009 (as of 2001)
Density: 26 /km² (68 /sq.mi.)
Postal Code: 845 00
Area Code: 22820
License Code: EM
Website
www.androsweb.gr
1844 British Admiralty chart of Andros island and Cape Doro strait (today Kafireus Strait)

Andros, or Andro (Greek: Άνδρος), an island of the Greek archipelago, the most northerly of the Cyclades, approximately 10 km (6 miles) south east of Euboea, and about 3 km (2 mi) north of Tinos. It is nearly 40 km (25 mi) long, and its greatest breadth is 16 km (10 mi). Its surface is for the most part mountainous, with many fruitful and well-watered valleys. Andros, the capital, on the east coast, contained about 2,000 inhabitants in 1900. The island had about 18,000 inhabitants in (1900). The 1991 census read 8,781. According to the latest Greek census of 2001, the town of Andros still contained 1,508 inhabitants, and the island's total was 10,009. The island is composed of the municipalities of Andros (town) (pop. 4,107), Korthio (pop. 2,547), and Ydrousa (pop. 3,355). Their combined land area is 380.041 km². The largest towns are Ándros, Gávrio, Bátsi, and Órmos Korthíou.

The island is famous for its Sariza spring at Apoikia where the water comes out of a lionhead.

The north of Andros has a small Arvanite community, and an Arbëresh village in Sicily called Piana degli Albanesi is named 'Hora' in Arbëresh, possibly after the capital of Andros, also called Hora (Χώρα). The name of the island in Arvanitika is Ε̰νdρα, Ëndra.[1]

Palaeopolis, the ancient capital, built into a steep hillside, and its harbor's breakwater can still be seen underwater.

Contents

History

The island in ancient times contained an Ionian population, perhaps with an admixture of Thracian blood. Though originally dependent on Eretria, by the 7th century BC it had become sufficiently prosperous to send out several colonies, to Chalcidice (Acanthus, Stageira, Argilus, Sane). The ruins of Palaeopolis, the ancient capital, are on the west coast; the town possessed a famous temple, dedicated to Dionysus.In 480 BC it supplied ships to Xerxes and was subsequently harried by the Greek fleet. Though enrolled in the Delian League it remained disaffected towards Athens, and in 477 had to be coerced by the establishment of a cleruchy on the island; nevertheless, in 411 Andros proclaimed its freedom, and in 408 withstood an Athenian attack. As a member of the second Delian League it was again controlled by a garrison and an archon. In the Hellenistic period Andros was contended for as a frontier-post by the two naval powers of the Aegean Sea, Macedon and Ptolemaic Egypt. In 333 it received a Macedonian garrison from Antipater; in 308 it was freed by Ptolemy I of Egypt. In the Chremonidean War (266-263) it passed again to Macedon after a battle fought off its shores. In 200 it was captured by a combined Roman, Pergamene and Rhodian fleet, and remained a possession of Pergamum until the dissolution of that kingdom in 133 BC. Before falling under Turkish rule, Andros was from A.D. 1207 till 1566 governed by the families Zeno and Sommariva under Venetian protection. After a few centuries, Cyclades joined the rest of Greece in 1821.

On May 10, 1821, Theophilos Kairis, one of the leading intellectuals of the Greek Revolution, declared the War of Independence by raising the Greek flag at the picturesque cliffside church of St George: at this time, a famous heartfelt speech, or "rhetoras", inspired shipowners and merchants to contribute funds to build a Greek Navy to combat the Ottomans.

Andros City

Andros (Chora or Hora, pop. 1,508), the capital of the island, is on a headland between two beaches.

Municipalities

Municipality YPES code Seat Postal code Area code ((0)30-)
Andros - Ándros 845 00 22820-2 or -5
Ydrousa - Gavrio 845 01 22820-7
Korthio - Órmos Korthíou 845 02 22820-6

Communities and settlements

  • Aladinon
  • Apoikia
  • Ammolochos
  • Andros (Chora)
  • Ano Aprovato
  • Ano Gavrio
  • Arnas
  • Batsi
  • Epano Fellos
  • Gavrio
  • Kalyvari
  • Kaparia
  • Katakilo
  • Kipri
  • Kochylos
  • Lamira
  • Livadia
  • Makrotantalo
  • Mermingies
  • Mesaria
  • Ormos Korthiou
  • Palaiokastro
  • Palaiopolis
  • Piso Meria
  • Pitrofos
  • Sineti
  • Stenies
  • Varidio
  • Vitalio
  • Vouni
  • Vourkoti
  • Ypsilou
  • Zaganiaris

Notable people

Notes

References

  1. ^ Jochalas, Titos P. (1971): Über die Einwanderung der Albaner in Griechenland: Eine zusammenfassene Betrachtung ["On the immigration of Albanians to Greece: A summary"]. München: Trofenik.

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Andros is an island in the Cyclades.

Understand

According to the Greek mythology the island got it's name from the first settler Andros, a hero of Olympic gods descent. Other names were also used in the course of history: Hydroussa, Nonagria and Lasia, all homage to the rich flora and water springs found on Andros. It was during the Classical Age that Andros showed first signs of flourishing civilization with its capital at the site of present day Paleopolis. The favored god was Dionysios with a great celebration in his honor where "water was turn to wine" taking place every third year the first ten days of January. In 133 BC Andros is taken by the Roman Empire and in 1270 passes to Venice and sees the construction of forts and towers, the Lower For in Chora being the most important and the Upper Fort in Kohilou. This period sees about 5 centuries of economic growth as it becomes an important centre of silk textile trade industry.

Get in

By sea

You may travel to Andros island mainly by ferry [1] which connects the Rafina port (5km from Athens main airport)to the island main port at Gavrio. The distance is 37 nautical miles and the trip time is two hours. There is frequent and convenient every day service including Saturdays, Sundays and holidays (except Christmas day and Eastern Sunday). The ferries are of closed type departing from Rafina in the morning hours between 07:00am to 08:00am while they return from Andros to Rafina at 15:00 pm - 16:00 pm). During spring and summer there are afternoon trips as well. You may also reach the island by private helicopter which may land either at Gavrio or at Hora. There are private helicopter services at Athens which may be reached for such a trip.

The travel in the island can be done by: - bus services connecting specific villages - taxi services at Gavrio, Batsi, Hora, Korthi - rent car services at Gavrio, Batsi or Hora - rent motor bike or bicycle services at Gavrio, Batsi, Hora

You may also use your own car by transporting it via the ferries [2] .

Useful phone numbers:

- Rafina Port Authority: +30 2294 028888 - Andros Port Authority, +30 2282 022250. - Andros Bus Service +30 2282 022316,

The island is also connected through ferries - Alpha Ferries [3] , Blue Star Ferries[4] , Cyclades Fast Ferries [5] , and catamarans Sea Jets [6] , Hellenic Seaways [7] with Tinos and Mykonos islands. Trip time to Tinos is 01:00 hours and to Mikonos 01:45 hours.

Do

Beaches Many beautiful, unspoilt beaches await visitors in the northern part of Andros, most notable are Vlihada, Pirgos, Vitali and Zorkos. Lots of Athenian and young people swim and live party moments in Aghios Petros and Psili Ammos beach.

Don't bother if you want to swim nude, there is no nudism in this island

If you are a driver of 4X4 vehicle visiting Ahla or Vori beach on the north-east part would be an excellent choice as well.

  • Andros Hotels [8]
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Database error article)

From LoveToKnow 1911

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Proper noun

Andros

  1. An island of the Cyclades, Greece.

Translations

  • French: Andros, Ándhros

See also

  • ----

Anagrams


French

Proper noun

Andros

  1. Andros

Anagrams


Simple English

File:Andros
The Andros city

Andros is an island of Greece and is a second biggest island of Cyclades group. It is located in the north-west of Cyclades group near Euboea island. Its total area is 380 square meter and its population is 10,009 inhabitants according to 2001 Greek census. The biggest town of Andros is Andros city.

Andros is mountainous island with gorges and cliffs which ends up to sea. The vegetation of island concludes many flowers, bushes and few trees mainly in the center of island. The island has many beautiful beaches and beautiful landscape and thanks to these the island is popular for tourists.

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