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Andy Milligan
Born Andrew Jackson Milligan, Jr.
January 31, 1929(1929-01-31)
Saint Paul, Minnesota
Died June 3, 1991 (aged 62)
Los Angeles, California
Other name(s) Dick Fox
Joi Gogan
Gerald Jackson
A. Milligan
Andrew Milligan
Occupation Playwright, screenwriter, cinematographer, actor, film editor, producer, and director
Years active 1951-1990
Spouse(s) Candy Hammond (? - divorced)

Andy Milligan (January 31, 1929 – June 3, 1991) was an American playwright, screenwriter, cinematographer, actor, film editor, producer, and director, whose work includes 27 films made between 1965 and 1991.





Born Andrew Jackson Milligan, Jr. in Saint Paul, Minnesota, Milligan was a self-taught filmmaker and was responsible for much of the creative activity on his films (including cinematography and costume design). His films often dwell on the topics of transgression and punishment, familial relationships, repressed sexuality, and physical deformity and include such titles as Fleshpot on 42nd Street (1973), The Rats are Coming! The Werewolves are Here! (1973), Guru, the Mad Monk (1970), Gutter Trash (1969), The Ghastly Ones (1968), Depraved! (1967), and The Naked Witch (1964). Most of Milligan's early works are currently considered lost films.

During the early 1960s, Milligan became involved in the nascent off-off-Broadway theatre movement, mounting productions of plays by Lord Dunsany and Jean Genet at the Caffe Cino as well as directing productions at Cafe La Mama La MaMa Experimental Theatre Club. During the same period, he operated and designed for a clothing boutique named Ad Lib and used his dressmaking skills to costume many theatrical productions. Milligan began directing films in the mid-1960s. His first released film was a black and white 16 mm short entitled Vapors (1965). The film,set in a gay bathhouse, portrays the emotionally awkward and unconsummated meeting between two strangers. Milligan was later employed by producers of exploitation films, particularly William Mishkin, to direct soft-core sexploitation and horror features, many featuring actors known from the off-off Broadway theater community.


Milligan died of AIDS in 1991 at the age of 62.



Director and writer

  • The Naked Witch (1964, lost)
  • Vapors (1965)
  • The Gay Life (1967, credited as Gerald Jackson)*
  • Compass Rose (1967, lost)
  • The Degenerates (1967, lost)
  • Liz (1967, lost)
  • Depraved! (1967, lost)
  • Kiss Me, Kiss Me, Kiss Me! (1968, lost)
  • The Ghastly Ones (1968)
  • Tricks of the Trade (1968, lost)
  • The Filthy Five (1968, lost)
  • Seeds (1968)**
  • Gutter Trash (1968, lost)
  • Nightbirds (1969, lost)
  • Torture Dungeon (1969)
  • Bloodthirsty Butchers (1970)
  • Guru, the Mad Monk (1970)
  • The Body Beneath (1970)
  • Dragula (1971, lost)
  • The Rats are Coming! The Werewolves are Here! (1972)
  • The Man with Two Heads (1972)
  • Fleshpot on 42nd Street (1972)
  • Blood (1978)
  • Legacy of Blood (1978)
  • Carnage (1983)
  • The Weirdo (1989)
  • Monstrosity (1989)
  • Surgikill (1990)

*Director only
**First and last reels of the work print and hacked-up Seeds of Sin version)


  • Jimmy McDonough, The Ghastly One: The Sex-Gore Netherworld of Filmmaker Andy Milligan Chicago Review Press 2003, ISBN 1-55652-495-1

External links


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