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Anemone hepatica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae
Genus: Anemone
Species: A. hepatica
Binomial name
Anemone hepatica
L.

Anemone hepatica (common names: Kidneywort, liverwort, pennywort, Common Hepatica) is an herbaceous member of the Ranunculaceae or buttercup family that is native to the forest floors of temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. It has been called Hepatica nobilis also,[1] although at least one recent study of the phylogeny calls for all of Hepatica to be included in Anemone.[2] It grows on stone walls, rocks and in woodlands. The variety H. nobilis var. nobilis is native to Europe.

Taxonomy

The taxonomy of the genus Anemone and its species is still not fully resolved. Anemone acutiloba and Anemone americana have traditionally been placed in the genus Hepatica Miller, based on the involucre immediately subtending the flower, lobed leaves instead of cut leaves and the foliage persisting year round. But the latest phylogenetic studies of Anemone analyzed, surveyed broadly over its range of species, indicates that Hepatica should be included under Anemone. Hepatica does have some morphological differences with other Anemone species, but greater similarities both in molecular attributes and other shared morphologies would seem to outweigh the differences. (S. B. Hoot et al. 1994).[3]

Herbalism

It was used by medieval herbalists to treat liver diseases. Modern applications by herbalists include treatments for pimples, bronchitis and gout.[4]

References

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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Anemone hepatica

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Ordo: Unassigned Eudicots
Ordo: Ranunculales
Familia: Ranunculaceae
Subfamilia: Ranunculoideae
Tribus: Anemoneae
Genus: Anemone
Species: Anemone hepatica

Name

Anemone hepatica L.

References

  • Species Plantarum 1:538. 1753
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. [1]

Vernacular names

Català: Herba fetgera
Deutsch: Leberblümchen
English: Kidneywort, liverwort, pennywort
Nederlands: Leverbloempje
Suomi: Sinivuokko
Svenska: Blåsippa

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