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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Anemone ranunculoides
Anemone ranunculoides in flower
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae
Genus: Anemone
Species: A. ranunculoides
Binomial name
Anemone ranunculoides
L.

Anemone ranunculoides, the yellow anemone, yellow wood anemone or buttercup anemone, is a species of herbaceous perennial plant that grows in forests across most of Continental Europe, and less frequently in the Mediterranean region.[1] It is not native to the British Isles, though it may occasionally be found as a garden escape.[2]

Contents

Growth

It flowers between March and May.

Growing to 5-15 cm tall, the plant is herbaceous, dying back down to its root-like rhizomes by mid summer. The rhizomes spread just below the earth surface and multiply quickly, contributing to its rapid spread in woodland conditions. The flower is about 1.5 cm diameter, with from five to eight petal-like segments (actually tepals) of rich yellow colouring.

Cultivation

The plant is widely grown as a garden plant, especially by rock garden and alpine garden enthusiasts. It has been awarded an Award of Garden Merit or AGM, H4 (hardy throughout the British Isles) by the Royal Horticultural Society.

Anemone ranunculoides 'Frank Waley', a larger-growing, more robust cultivar, is sometimes available, as are the miniature subspecies A. ranunculoides subsp. wockeana and a selection known as A. ranunculoides 'Laciniata', with finely divided leaves. There is also a double-flowered cultivar, A. ranunculoides 'Pleniflora' (also sometimes listed as 'Semiplena' or 'Flore Pleno').[3]

Related species and hybrids

Wood anemone, Anemone nemorosa, is similar to A. ranunculoides but has slightly larger flowers (usually white, but they may be pinkish or lilac, often with a darker tint to the back of the 'petals'). Anemone × lipsiensis is a hybrid between these two species and has pale yellow flowers; it is often found where the two parent species grow near each other.[4] A. × lipsiensis 'Pallida' is the best-known result of this cross. A most attractive plant, it has been awarded the AGM, H4, like both of its parents.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ Phillips, Roger and Rix, Martyn, Bulbs, Pan Macmillan, London, revised edition, 1989, p73. ISBN 0 330 30253 1
  2. ^ W. Keble Martin (1971). Concise British Flora in Colour. Ebury Press and Michael Joseph, London, second (revised) edition. p. late 1.  
  3. ^ a b Tony Lord (ed) (2006). RHS Plant Finder 2006–2007 (20th edition ed.). Dorling Kindersley, London. p. 78. ISBN 1-4053-1455-9.  
  4. ^ Roger Phillips & Martyn Rix (1989). Bulbs (revised edition ed.). Pan Macmillan Ltd, London. p. 73. ISBN 0-330-30253-1.  
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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Anemone ranunculoides

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Ordo: Unassigned Eudicots
Ordo: Ranunculales
Familia: Ranunculaceae
Subfamilia: Ranunculoideae
Tribus: Anemoneae
Genus: Anemone
Species: Anemone ranunculoides

Name

Anemone ranunculoides L.

Synonyms

  • Anemanthus ranunculoides (L.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon sér. 2, 16: 323. 1868.

References

  • Species Plantarum 1:541. 1753
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. [1]

Vernacular names

Deutsch: Gelbes Windröschen
English: Yellow Anemone
Français: Anémone fausse renoncule
Lietuvių: Geltonžiedė plukė
Magyar: Bogláros szellőrózsa
Svenska: Gulsippa
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Anemone ranunculoides on Wikimedia Commons.

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