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Angela Hitler
Born Angela Franziska Johanna Hitler
28 July 1883(1883-07-28)
Braunau, Austria
Died 30 October 1949 (aged 66)
Hanover, West Germany
Nationality Austrian
Spouse(s) 1) Leo Raubal, Sr.
2) Prof. Martin Hammitzsch
Children Leo Rudolf Raubal Jr
Geli Raubal,
Elfriede (Friedl) Raubal
Parents Alois Hitler, Franziska Matzelberger
Relatives Adolf Hitler (half-brother)

Angela Franziska Johanna Hammitzsch (née Hitler 28 July 1883 – 30 October 1949), first married to Leo Raubal, Sr., was the elder half-sister of Adolf Hitler.

Angela Hitler was born in Braunau, Austria, the second child of Alois Hitler and his second wife, Franziska Matzelberger. Her mother died the next year. She and her brother Alois Hitler, Jr. were raised by their father and his third wife Klara Pölzl. Her half-brother Adolf Hitler was born six years after her and they grew very close. She is the only one of his siblings mentioned in Mein Kampf.

Angela's father died in 1903 and her stepmother died in 1907, leaving a small inheritance. On 14 September 1903[1][2] she married Leo Raubal (11 June 1879 - 10 August 1910), a junior tax inspector, and gave birth to a son, Leo on 12 October 1906. On 4 June 1908 Angela gave birth to Geli and in 1910 to a second daughter, Elfriede (Elfriede Maria Hochegger, 10 January 1910 - 24 September 1993).

According to an OSS profile of the Hitler family, Angela moved to Vienna and after World War I became manager of Mensa Academia Judaica, a boarding house for Jewish students where she once defended her charges against anti-Semitic rioters.

Angela had heard nothing from Adolf for a decade when he re-established contact with her in 1919. In 1928 she and Geli moved to Obersalzberg where she became his housekeeper and was later put in charge of the household at Hitler's expanded retreat in Berchtesgaden.

Some historians believe that Adolf Hitler had a sexual relationship with Geli who committed suicide in 1931. Meanwhile Angela strongly disapproved of Hitler's relationship with Eva Braun. (While some report she tried to warn Eva Braun of the dangers of getting involved with Adolf, her motives for this are not clear.) She eventually left Berchtesgaden as a result and moved to Dresden. Adolf Hitler broke off relations with Angela and did not attend her second wedding. On 20 January 1936 she married German architect Prof. Martin Hammitzsch (22 May 1878- 12 May 1945), the Director of the State School of Building Construction in Dresden. It seems, however, that Hitler re-established contact with her during the war, because Angela remained his intermediary to the rest of the family with whom he did not want contact. In 1941, she sold her memoirs of her years with Adolf Hitler to the Eher Verlag, which brought her 20,000 Reichsmark.

In spring 1945 — after the destruction of Dresden in the massive bomb attack of February 13/14 — Hitler moved Angela to Berchtesgaden to avoid her being captured by the Soviets. Also he let her and her younger sister Paula hand over 100,000 Reichsmark for further life. In Hitler's Last Will and Testament, he guaranteed Angela a pension of 1,000 Reichsmark monthly. It is quite uncertain if she ever received a penny of this amount. Nevertheless, she spoke very highly of him even after the war and claimed that neither her brother nor she herself had known anything about what was going on in the concentration camps. She declared that if Adolf had known about these things, he would have stopped them.

Her son Leo had a son - Peter (b. 1931), a retired engineer who lives in Linz, Austria. Angela's daughter Elfriede married German lawyer - Dr. Ernst Hochegger on 27 June 1937 in Düsseldorf [3][4][5]; they had a son - Heiner Hochegger (born in January 1945)[6]. She died of stroke.

Contents

Film Portrayals

In the 2003 Mini-series Hitler: The Rise of Evil she is portrayed by Julie-Ann Hassett.

Fictionalized portrayals

In the French 1982 comedy L'as des as, Angela Hitler is portrayed as the caretaker of Hitler's Obersalzberg residence. For humor, she is (indirectly) featured as his actual sister (both are played by the same actor, Günter Meisner).

Literature

  • "De jeugd van Adolf Hitler 1889-1907 en zijn familie en voorouders" by Marc Vermeeren. Soesterberg, 2007, 420 blz. Uitgeverij Aspekt, ISBN 90-5911-606-2

References

  1. ^ Hauner, Milan (1983). Hitler: a chronology of his life and time. London: Macmillan. ISBN 0-333-30983-9.  
  2. ^ Zdral, Wolfgang. Die Hitlers. Campus Verlag GmbH. pp. 104. ISBN 3-593-37457-9.  
  3. ^ Schaub, Julius; Olaf Rose (2005). Julius Schaub, in Hitlers Schatten: Erinnerungen und Aufzeichnungen des Chefadjutanten 1925-1945. Druffel & Vowinckel-Verlag. pp. 421. ISBN 3806111642.  
  4. ^ Zdral, Wolfgang (2005). Die Hitlers. Campus Verlag GmbH. pp. 237. ISBN 3-593-37457-9.  
  5. ^ Läpple, Alfred (2003). Paula Hitler: die unbekannte Schwester Zeitgeschichte (Druffel Verlag). Druffel. pp. 174.  
  6. ^ Joachimsthaler, Anton. Hitlers Liste: Ein Dokument Personlicher Beziehungen. Herbig. pp. 271. ISBN 3-7766-2328-4.  







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