Angela Merkel: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Did you know ...


More interesting facts on Angela Merkel

Include this on your site/blog:

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Angela Merkel


Incumbent
Assumed office 
22 November 2005
President Horst Köhler
Deputy Franz Müntefering
Frank-Walter Steinmeier
Guido Westerwelle
Preceded by Gerhard Schröder

In office
17 November 1994 – 26 October 1998
Chancellor Helmut Kohl
Preceded by Klaus Töpfer
Succeeded by Jürgen Trittin

In office
18 January 1991 – 17 November 1994
Chancellor Helmut Kohl
Preceded by Ursula Lehr
Succeeded by Claudia Nolte

Member of the Bundestag
Incumbent
Assumed office 
1990

Born 17 July 1954 (1954-07-17) (age 55)
Hamburg, West Germany
Political party Christian Democratic Union (1990–present)
Other political
affiliations
Democratic Awakening (1989–1990)
Spouse(s) Ulrich Merkel (1977–1982)
Joachim Sauer (1998–present)
Alma mater University of Leipzig
Profession Physical chemist
Religion Lutheranism
Signature

Angela Dorothea Merkel ([aŋˈɡeːla doʀoˈteːa ˈmɛʁkl̩] MAIR-kəl About this sound pronunciation ;[1] née Kasner, born 17 July 1954) is the current Chancellor of Germany. Merkel, elected to the German Parliament from Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, has been the chairwoman of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) since 10 April 2000, and Chairwoman of the CDU-CSU (Christian Social Union) parliamentary coalition from 2002 to 2005.

From 2005 to 2009 she led a grand coalition with the Christian Social Union (CSU), its Bavarian sister party, and the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD), formed after the 2005 federal election on 22 November 2005. In the elections of 27 September 2009, her party, the CDU, obtained the largest share of the votes, and formed a coalition government with the CSU and the Free Democratic Party (FDP). Her government was sworn in on 28 October 2009.[2]

In 2007, Merkel was also President of the European Council and chaired the G8. She played a central role in the negotiation of the Treaty of Lisbon and the Berlin Declaration. In domestic policy, health care reform and problems concerning future energy development have thus far been major issues of her tenure.

Merkel is the first female Chancellor of Germany. In 2007 she became the second woman to chair the G8, after Margaret Thatcher.

Chancellor Merkel is a member of the Council of Women World Leaders, an International network of current and former women presidents and prime ministers whose mission is to mobilize the highest-level women leaders globally for collective action on issues of critical importance to women and equitable development.[citation needed]

In 2008 Merkel received the Charlemagne Prize "for her work to reform the European Union". The prize was presented by Nicolas Sarkozy.

Contents

Early life

Angela Merkel was born as Angela Dorothea Kasner in Hamburg on 17 July 1954, as the daughter of Horst Kasner (b. 6 August 1926 in Berlin-Pankow), a Lutheran pastor and his wife, Herlind (b. 8 July 1928 in Danzig, as Herlind Jentzsch), a teacher of English and Latin. Her mother is a member of the Social Democratic Party of Germany. Her grandparents on her mother's side, one of them being Masurian, lived in Elbing in East Prussia. Merkel stated that she is one quarter Polish in an interview with Der Spiegel in 2000.[3] She has a brother, Marcus (born 7 July 1957), and a sister, Irene (b. 19 August 1964).

Merkel's father studied theology in Heidelberg (then West Germany) and, afterwards, in Hamburg. In 1954 her father received a pastorate at the church in Quitzow (near Perleberg in Brandenburg) which then was in Communist East Germany, and the family moved to Templin. Thus Merkel grew up in the countryside 80 km (50 miles) north of Berlin. Gerd Langguth, a former senior member of Merkel's Christian Democratic Union, states in his book[4] that the family's ability to travel freely from East to West Germany during the following years, as well as their possession of two automobiles, leads to the conclusion that Merkel's father had a "sympathetic" relationship with the communist regime, since such freedom and perquisites for a Christian pastor and his family would have been otherwise impossible in East Germany.

Like most pupils, Merkel was a member of the official, Socialist-led youth movement Free German Youth (FDJ). Later she became a member of the district board and secretary for "Agitprop" (Agitation and Propaganda) at the Academy of Sciences in that organization.[5] However, she did not take part in the secular coming of age ceremony Jugendweihe, which was common in East Germany, and was confirmed instead. Merkel herself described her FDJ youth movement years as "cultural work".[citation needed]

Merkel was educated in Templin and at the University of Leipzig, where she studied physics from 1973 to 1978. While a student, she participated in the reconstruction of the ruin of the Moritzbastei, a project students initiated to create their own club and recreation facility on campus. Such an initiative was unprecedented in the GDR of that period, and initially resisted by the University of Leipzig. However, with backing of the local leadership of the SED party, the project was allowed to proceed.[6] Merkel worked and studied at the Central Institute for Physical Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences in Berlin-Adlershof from 1978 to 1990. She learned to speak Russian fluently, and earned a statewide prize for her proficiency.[citation needed] After being awarded a doctorate (Dr. rer. nat.) for her thesis on quantum chemistry[7] she worked as a researcher.

In 1989, Merkel got involved in the growing democracy movement after the fall of the Berlin Wall, joining the new party Democratic Awakening. Following the first (and only) democratic election of the East German state, she became the deputy spokesperson of the new pre-unification caretaker government under Lothar de Maizière.[8]

Member of Bundestag and cabinet minister

At the first post-reunification general election in December 1990, she was elected to the Bundestag from a constituency which includes the districts of Nordvorpommern and Rügen, as well as the city of Stralsund. This has remained her electoral district until today. Her party merged with the west German CDU[9] and she became Minister for Women and Youth in Helmut Kohl's 3rd cabinet. In 1994, she was made Minister for the Environment and Nuclear Safety, which gave her greater political visibility and a platform on which to build her political career. As one of Kohl's protégées and his youngest cabinet minister, she was referred to by Kohl as "das Mädchen" ("the girl").[citation needed]

Leader of the opposition

When the Kohl government was defeated in the 1998 general election, Merkel was named Secretary-General of the CDU. In this position, Merkel oversaw a string of Christian Democrat election victories in six out of seven state elections in 1999 alone, breaking the SPD-Green coalition's hold on the Bundesrat, the legislative body representing the states. Following a party financing scandal, which compromised many leading figures of the CDU (most notably Kohl himself, who refused to reveal the donor of DM 2,000,000 claiming he had given his word of honour and the then party chairman Wolfgang Schäuble, Kohl's hand-picked successor, who wasn't cooperative either), Merkel criticized her former mentor, Kohl, and advocated a fresh start for the party without him. She was elected to replace Schäuble, becoming the first female chair of her party, on 10 April 2000. Her election surprised many observers, as her personality offered a contrast to the party she had been chosen to lead; Merkel is a Protestant, originating from predominantly Protestant northern Germany, while the CDU is a male-dominated, socially conservative party with strongholds in western and southern Germany, and the Bavarian sister party, the CSU, has deep Catholic roots.[citation needed]

Following Merkel's election as CDU leader, she enjoyed considerable popularity among the German population and was favoured by many Germans to become Chancellor Gerhard Schröder's challenger in the 2002 election. However, she did not receive enough support in her own party and particularly its sister party (the Bavarian Christian Social Union, or CSU), and was subsequently out-manoeuvred politically by CSU leader Edmund Stoiber, to whom she eventually ceded the privilege of challenging Schröder; however, he squandered a large lead in the opinion polls to lose the election by a razor-thin margin. After Stoiber's defeat in 2002, in addition to her role as CDU chairwoman, Merkel became leader of the conservative opposition in the lower house of the German parliament, the Bundestag. Her rival, Friedrich Merz, who had held the post of parliamentary leader prior to the 2002 election, was eased out to make way for Merkel.[citation needed]

Merkel supported a substantial reform agenda concerning Germany's economic and social system and was considered to be more pro-market than her own party (the CDU); she advocated changes to German labour law, specifically removing barriers to laying off employees and increasing the allowed number of work hours in a week, arguing that existing laws made the country less competitive because companies cannot easily control labour costs at times when business is slow.[10]

Merkel argued for Germany's nuclear power to be phased out less quickly than the Schröder administration had planned.[11]

Merkel advocated a strong transatlantic partnership and German-American friendship. In the spring of 2003, defying strong public opposition, Merkel came out in favour of the U.S. invasion of Iraq, describing it as "unavoidable" and accusing Chancellor Gerhard Schröder of anti-Americanism. This led some critics to characterize her as an American lackey. She criticised the government's support for the accession of Turkey to the European Union and favoured a "privileged partnership" instead. In doing so, she was seen as being in unison with many Germans in rejecting Turkish membership of the European Union.[citation needed]

Advertisements

Comparisons

As a female politician from a centre right party, and a scientist, Merkel has been compared by many in the English-language press to former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. Some have referred to her as "Iron Lady", "Iron Girl", and even "The Iron Frau" (all alluding to Thatcher, whose nickname was "The Iron Lady" —Thatcher also has a science degree: an Oxford University degree in chemistry). Political commentators have debated the precise extent to which their agendas are similar.[12]

In addition to being the first female German chancellor and the youngest German chancellor since the Second World War, Merkel is also the first born after World War II, and the first with a background in natural sciences. She studied physics; her predecessors law, business, history or were military officers, among others.[citation needed]

Merkel topped Forbes magazine's list of "The World's 100 Most Powerful Women" in 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 and 2010.[13]

On 30 May 2005, Merkel won the CDU/CSU nomination as challenger to Chancellor Gerhard Schröder of the SPD in the 2005 national elections. Her party began the campaign with a 21% lead over the SPD in national opinion polls, although her personal popularity lagged behind that of the incumbent. However, the CDU/CSU campaign suffered[citation needed] when Merkel, having made economic competence central to the CDU's platform, confused gross and net income twice during a televised debate. She regained some momentum after she announced that she would appoint Paul Kirchhof, a former judge at the German Constitutional Court and leading fiscal policy expert, as Minister of Finance.[citation needed]

Merkel and the CDU lost ground after Kirchhof proposed the introduction of a flat tax in Germany, again undermining the party's broad appeal on economic affairs and convincing many voters that the CDU's platform of deregulation was designed to benefit only the rich. This was compounded by Merkel proposing to increase VAT to reduce Germany's deficit and fill the gap in revenue from a flat tax. The SPD were able to increase their support simply by pledging not to introduce flat taxes or increase VAT. Although Merkel's standing recovered after she distanced herself from Kirchhof's proposals, she remained considerably less popular than Schröder, and the CDU's lead was down to 9% on the eve of the election.

On 18 September 2005, Merkel's CDU/CSU and Schröder's SPD went head-to-head in the national elections, with the CDU/CSU winning 35.3% (CDU 27.8%/CSU 7.5%) of the second votes to the SPD's 34.2%. Neither the SPD-Green coalition nor the CDU/CSU and its preferred coalition partners, the Free Democratic Party, held enough seats to form a majority in the Bundestag, and both Schröder and Merkel claimed victory. A grand coalition between the CDU/CSU and SPD faced the challenge that both parties demanded the chancellorship. However, after three weeks of negotiations, the two parties reached a deal whereby Merkel would become Chancellor and the SPD would hold 8 of the 16 seats in the cabinet.[14][15] The coalition deal was approved by both parties at party conferences on 14 November 2005.[16] Merkel was elected Chancellor by the majority of delegates (397 to 217) in the newly assembled Bundestag on 22 November 2005, but 51 members of the governing coalition voted against her.[17]

Merkel with United States President Barack Obama.

Reports had indicated that the grand coalition would pursue a mix of policies, some of which differ from Merkel's political platform as leader of the opposition and candidate for Chancellor. The coalition's intent was to cut public spending whilst increasing VAT (from 16 to 19%), social insurance contributions and the top rate of income tax.[18] Employment protection will no longer cover employees during their first two years in a job, pensions will be frozen and subsidies for first-time home buyers will be scrapped.[citation needed]

Merkel had stated that the main aim of her government would be to reduce unemployment, and that it is this issue on which her government will be judged.[19]

Chancellor of Germany

On 22 November 2005, Merkel assumed the office of Chancellor of Germany.[citation needed]

Foreign policy

Merkel in conversation with Prime Minister of Ukraine Yulia Tymoshenko (7 February 2009)

In her first week in office, Merkel visited the French president Jacques Chirac, the EU leaders gathered in Brussels, the Secretary-General of NATO, Jaap de Hoop Scheffer, and British Prime Minister Tony Blair, and received President Pohamba of Namibia.[citation needed]

On 25 September 2007, Chancellor Angela Merkel met the Dalai Lama for "private and informal talks" in Berlin in the Chancellery amid protest from China. China afterwards cancelled separate talks with German officials, including talks with Justice Minister Brigitte Zypries.[20]

Der Spiegel reported that tensions between Chancellor Merkel and U.S. President Barack Obama[21] were eased during a meeting between the two leaders in June 2009. Commenting on a White House Press Conference held after the meeting, Spiegel stated, "Of course the rather more reserved chancellor couldn't really keep up with [Obama's]...charm offensive," but to reciprocate for Obama's "good natured" diplomacy, "she gave it a go...by mentioning the experiences of Obama's sister in Heidelberg, making it clear that she had read his autobiography".[22]

Policy on the Middle East and Iran

According to the news agency Mehr (as reported in the Mail & Guardian Online and Deutsche Welle, quoting AFP), in August 2006, Merkel received a letter from the Iranian president Ahmadinejad.[23][24] According to the reports, Merkel said that the letter contained "unacceptable" criticism of Israel and "put in question" the Jewish state's right to exist, and that therefore she would not formally respond to the letter.

On 16 March 2007, Merkel arrived in Israel to mark the 60th anniversary of the Jewish state. She was greeted at the airport by Prime Minister Ehud Olmert, an honor guard and many of the country's political and religious leaders, including most of the Israeli Cabinet.[25][26] Until then, US President George W. Bush had been the only world leader Olmert had bestowed with the honor of greeting at the airport.[27][28] Merkel was granted special permission to speak before Israel's parliament, which is normally done only by heads of state.[29] Merkel made her first visit to the Middle East as President-in-office of the European Council in April 2007.[citation needed]

Economic and financial policy

In her first government address, on 30 November 2005, Merkel announced her objective of improving the German economy and reducing unemployment.[citation needed]

Liquidity crisis

Following major falls in worldwide stock markets in September 2008, the German government stepped in to assist the mortgage company Hypo Real Estate with a bailout which was agreed on October 6, with German banks to contribute €30 billion and the Bundesbank €20 billion to a credit line.[30]

On 4 October 2008, a Saturday, following the Irish Government's decision to guarantee all deposits in private savings accounts, a move she strongly criticized,[31] Merkel said there were no plans for the German Government to do the same. The following day, Merkel stated that the government would guarantee private savings account deposits, after all.[32] However, two days later, on 6 October 2008, it emerged that the pledge was simply a political move that would not be backed by legislation.[33] Other European governments eventually either raised the limits or promised to guarantee savings in full.[33]

Cabinets

Merkel I

See also Cabinet Merkel I

The first cabinet of Angela Merkel was sworn in at 16:00 CET, on 22 November 2005.

On 31 October 2005, after the defeat of his favoured candidate for the position of Secretary General of the SPD, Franz Müntefering indicated that he would resign as Chairman of the party in November, which he did. Ostensibly responding to this, Edmund Stoiber (CSU), who was originally nominated for the Economics and Technology post, announced his withdrawal on 1 November 2005. While this was initially seen as a blow to Merkel's attempt at forming a viable coalition and cabinet, the manner in which Stoiber withdrew earned him much ridicule and severely undermined his position as a Merkel rival. Separate conferences of the CDU, CSU, and SPD approved the proposed Cabinet on 14 November 2005.[citation needed]

Merkel II

See also Cabinet Merkel II

The second cabinet of Angela Merkel was sworn in on 28 October 2009.[34]

Personal life

In 1977, the former Angela Kasner married physics student Ulrich Merkel. The marriage ended in divorce in 1982.[35] Her second and current husband is quantum chemist and professor Joachim Sauer, who has largely remained out of the media spotlight. She has no children, but Sauer has two adult sons by a previous marriage.[36]

Merkel is also prominent at the German national football team's matches, and is an honorary club member of Energie Cottbus.[citation needed]

Honours

In 2006, Angela Merkel was awarded the Vision for Europe Award for her contribution toward greater European integration. In 2007 Merkel was awarded an honorary doctorate from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.[37][38] She received the Karlspreis (Charlemagne Prize) for 2008 for distinguished services to European unity.[39][40]

In January 2008, Merkel was awarded the Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany.[41] She was also awarded the honorary doctorate from Leipzig University in June 2008[42] and University of Technology in Wrocław (Poland) in September 2008.[43]

Listing

From 2006 to 2009, Forbes Magazine has named her the most powerful woman in the world.[13]

Selected published works

  • Der, R.; A. Merkel, H.-J. Czerwon (1980). "On the influence of spatial correlations on the rate of chemical reactions in dense gases. I. Quantum statistical theory". Chemical Physics 53 (3): 427–435. doi:10.1016/0301-0104(80)85131-7. 
  • Der, R.; R. Haberlandt, A. Merkel (1980). "On the influence of spatial correlations on the rate of chemical reactions in dense systems. II. Numerical results". Chemical Physics 53 (3): 437–442. doi:10.1016/0301-0104(80)85132-9. 
  • Boeger, I.; A. Merkel, J. Lachmann, H.-J. Spangenberg, T. Turanyi (1982). "An Extended Kinetic Model and its Reduction by Sensitivity Analysis for the Methanol/Oxygen Gas-Phase Thermolysis". Acta Chim. Hung. 129 (6): 855–864. 
  • Merkel, Angela; Ilka Böger, Hans Joachim Spangenberg, Lutz Zülicke (1982). "Berechnung von Hochdruck-Geschwindigkeitskonstanten für Zerfalls- und Rekombinationsreaktionen einfacher Kohlenwasserstoffmoleküle und -radikale (Calculation of High Pressure Velocity Constants for Reactions of Decay and Recombinations of simple Hydrocarbon Molecules and Radicals)". Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie 263 (3): 449–460. 
  • Merkel, Angela; Lutz Zülicke (1985). "Berechnung von Geschwindigkeitskonstanten für den C-H-Bindungsbruch im Methylradikal (Calculation of Velocity Constants for the Break of the Carbon-Hydrogen-Bond in the Methyl Radical)". Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie 266 (2): 353–361. 
  • Merkel, Angela; Lutz Zülicke (1987). "Nonempirical parameter estimate for the statistical adiabatic theory of unimolecular fragmentation carbon-hydrogen bond breaking in methyl". Molecular Physics 60 (6): 1379–1393. doi:10.1080/00268978700100901. 
  • Merkel, Angela; Zdenek Havlas, Rudolf Zahradník (1988). "Evaluation of the rate constant for the SN2 reaction fluoromethane + hydride: methane + fluoride in the gas phase". Journal of American Chemical Society 110 (25): 8355–8359. doi:10.1021/ja00233a012. 
  • Mix, H.; J. Sauer, K.-P. Schröder, A. Merkel (1988). "Vibrational Properties of Surface Hydroxyls: Nonempirical Model Calculations Including Anharmonicities". Coll. Czechoslov. Chem. Commun. 53 (10): 2191–2202. 
  • Schneider, F.; A. Merkel (1989). "The lowest bound states of triplet (BH2)+". Chemical Physics Letters 161 (6): 527–531. doi:10.1016/0009-2614(89)87033-2. 
  • Merkel, Angela; Lutz Zülicke (1990). "Theoretical approach to reactions of polyatomic molecules". International Journal of Quantum Chemistry 36: 191–208. doi:10.1002/qua.560380214. 
  • Merkel, Angela (1998). "The role of science in sustainable development". Science 281 (5375): 336–337. doi:10.1126/science.281.5375.336. 

References

  1. ^ Langguth, Gerd (2005) (in German). Angela Merkel. Munich: dtv. ISBN 3-423-24485-2. "[Merkel] wollte immer mit der Betonung auf dem 'e' Angela genannt werden." 
  2. ^ "Germany's Merkel begins new term". BBC . 2009-10-28. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/8329490.stm. Retrieved 2009-11-01. 
  3. ^ "Der Spiegel - Spiegel Online - Nachrichten". Spiegel.de. 2000-12-25. http://www.spiegel.de/spiegel/print/d-18124491.html. Retrieved 2010-03-02. 
  4. ^ Langguth, Gerd (2005) [2005] (in German). Angela Merkel. Munich: dtv. ISBN 3-423-24485-2. 
  5. ^ "Allgäuer Zeitung, 11 March 2009, Bitterböser Sarkasmus". All-in.de. 2010-02-26. http://www.all-in.de/513618. Retrieved 2010-03-02. 
  6. ^ "Spiegel.de". Einestages.spiegel.de. 2009-03-27. http://einestages.spiegel.de/static/authoralbumbackground/3852/drogenwahn_auf_der_baustelle.html. Retrieved 2010-03-02. 
  7. ^ Merkel, Angela (1986) (in German). Untersuchung des Mechanismus von Zerfallsreaktionen mit einfachem Bindungsbruch und Berechnung ihrer Geschwindigkeitskonstanten auf der Grundlage quantenchemischer und statistischer Methoden (Investigation of the mechanism of decay reactions with single bond breaking and calculation of their velocity constants on the basis of quantum chemical and statistical methods). Berlin: Academy of Sciences of the German Democratic Republic (dissertation).  cited in Langguth, Gerd (August 2005) (in German). Angela Merkel. Munich: DTV. p. 109. ISBN 3-423-24495-2.  and listed in the Catalogue of the Deutsche Nationalbibliothek under subject code 30 (Chemistry)
  8. ^ Langguth, Gerd (2005) [2005] (in German). Angela Merkel. Munich: dtv. pp. 112–137. ISBN 3-423-24485-2. 
  9. ^ About Germany: Angela Merkel (CDU) the chancellor of Germany.
  10. ^ "Merkel fordert längere Arbeitszeit", Der Spiegel, May 18, 2003, http://www.spiegel.de/politik/deutschland/0,1518,249207,00.html 
  11. ^ "Merkel: Nuclear phase-out is wrong", World Nuclear News, June 10, 2008, http://www.world-nuclear-news.org/NP_Merkel_Nuclear_phase_out_is_wrong_1006081.html 
  12. ^ Risen, Clay (July 5, 2005), "Is Angela Merkel the next Maggie Thatcher?", Slate, http://www.slate.com/id/2122001/ 
  13. ^ a b Serafin, Tatiana (2006-08-31). "The 100 Most Powerful Women: #1 Angela Merkel". Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/lists/2006/11/06women_Angela-Merkel_34AH.html. Retrieved 2009-05-01. 
    Serafin, Tatiana (2007-08-30). "The 100 Most Powerful Women: #1 Angela Merkel". Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/lists/2007/11/biz-07women_Angela-Merkel_34AH.html. Retrieved 2009-05-17. 
    Serafin, Tatiana (2008-08-27). "The 100 Most Powerful Women: #1 Angela Merkel". Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/lists/2008/11/biz_powerwomen08_Angela-Merkel_34AH.html. Retrieved 2009-05-17. 
    Serafin, Tatiana (2009-08-19). "The 100 Most Powerful Women: #1 Angela Merkel". Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/lists/2009/11/power-women-09_Angela-Merkel_34AH.html. Retrieved 2009-08-20. 
  14. ^ "Merkel named as German chancellor", BBC News, October 10, 2005, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/4325600.stm 
  15. ^ CNN.com
  16. ^ "German parties back new coalition", BBC News, November 14, 2005, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/4434812.stm 
  17. ^ "Merkel becomes German chancellor", BBC News, November 22, 2005, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/4458430.stm 
  18. ^ "German coalition poised for power", BBC News, November 11, 2005, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/4429518.stm 
  19. ^ "Merkel defends German reform plan", BBC News, November 12, 2005, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/4431262.stm 
  20. ^ "Euronews.net, Merkel meets with the Dalai Lama". Euronews.net. http://euronews.net/index.php?page=info&article=444371&lng=1. Retrieved 2010-03-02. 
  21. ^ "'They're Not Getting any Warmer': Merkel Faces Difficult Talks in Washington - SPIEGEL ONLINE - News - International". Spiegel.de. http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/0,1518,632026,00.html. Retrieved 2010-03-02. 
  22. ^ "A Trans-Atlantic Show of Friendship: Obama Praises His 'Friend Chancellor Merkel' - SPIEGEL ONLINE - News - International". Spiegel.de. http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/0,1518,632961,00.html. Retrieved 2010-03-02. 
  23. ^ "Ahmadinejad Claims Holocaust Invented to Embarrass Germany". Deutsche Welle. 2006-08-28. http://www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,2144,2149241,00.html. Retrieved 2008-10-23. 
  24. ^ EQBALI, ARESU (2006-08-28). "Ahmadinejad: Holocaust was made up". Mail and Guardian Online. http://www.mg.co.za/article/2006-08-28-ahmadinejad-holocaust-was-made-up. Retrieved 2008-10-21. 
  25. ^ IHT.com
  26. ^ IHT.com
  27. ^ Roger Boyes, Berlin (2008-03-18). "News.com.au". Theaustralian.news.com.au. http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/story/0,25197,23391392-2703,00.html. Retrieved 2010-03-02. 
  28. ^ "Economist.com". Economist.com. 2008-03-19. http://www.economist.com/world/europe/displaystory.cfm?story_id=10881121. Retrieved 2010-03-02. 
  29. ^ "Spiegel.de". Spiegel.de. 2008-03-17. http://www.spiegel.de/fotostrecke/fotostrecke-29889-3.html#backToArticle=541892. Retrieved 2010-03-02. 
  30. ^ Parkin, Brian; Suess, Oliver (6 October 2008). "Hypo Real Gets EU50 Billion Government-Led Bailout". Bloomberg. http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601087&sid=amxJTktF7JMs&refer=home. Retrieved 2008-10-06. 
  31. ^ "Germany guarantees all private bank accounts". Forbes.com. http://www.forbes.com/feeds/ap/2008/10/05/ap5510085.html. Retrieved 2008-10-06. 
  32. ^ "Germany to guarantee Private Bank Accounts". Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/10/05/AR2008100500816.html?hpid=sec-business. Retrieved 2008-10-06. 
  33. ^ a b "Bank uncertainty hits UK shares". BBC. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/7654182.stm. Retrieved 2008-10-06. 
  34. ^ Penfold, Chuck (2009-10-30). Merkel's new cabinet sworn in. Deutsche Welle, 30 October 2009. Retrieved on 2009-11-01 from DW-world.de.
  35. ^ "Biographie: Angela Merkel, geb. 1954". Dhm.de. 1954-07-17. http://www.dhm.de/lemo/html/biografien/MerkelAngela/index.html. Retrieved 2010-03-02. 
  36. ^ Font size Print E-mail Share Page 1 of 2 By James M Klatell (2006-08-09). "Germany's First Fella, Angela Merkel Is Germany's Chancellor; But Her Husband Stays Out Of The Spotlight". CBS News. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2006/08/09/world/main1879305.shtml. Retrieved 2010-03-02. 
  37. ^ American Friends of the Hebrew University
  38. ^ "Honorary Doctorates - The Hebrew University of Jerusalem". .huji.ac.il. http://www3.huji.ac.il/htbin/hon_doc/doc_search.pl. Retrieved 2010-03-02. 
  39. ^ "Charlemagne Prize 2008: Angela Merkel". Aachen.de. http://www.aachen.de/EN/sb/pr_az/karls_pr/99einstieg_karlspreis.html. Retrieved 2010-03-02. 
  40. ^ Karlspreis.de (German)
  41. ^ "Bundesverdienstkreuz für Merkel". tagesschau.de. http://www.tagesschau.de/inland/merkelgrosskreuz2.html. Retrieved 2010-03-02. 
  42. ^ "Pressemitteilung 2008/106 der Universität Leipzig". Db.uni-leipzig.de. 2008-05-20. http://db.uni-leipzig.de/aktuell/index.php?modus=pmanzeige&pm_id=3032. Retrieved 2010-03-02. 
  43. ^ "Doktorat honoris causa dla Merkel,Rzeczpospolita" (in (Polish)). Rp.pl. 2008-09-24. http://www.rp.pl/artykul/195272_Doktorat_honoris_causa_dla_Merkel.html. Retrieved 2010-03-02. 

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Ursula Lehr
Minister for Women and Youth
1991–1994
Succeeded by
Claudia Nolte
Preceded by
Klaus Töpfer
Minister for the Environment and Reactor Safety
1994–1998
Succeeded by
Jürgen Trittin
Preceded by
Gerhard Schröder
Chancellor of Germany
2005–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Matti Vanhanen
President of the European Council
2007
Succeeded by
José Sócrates
Preceded by
Vladimir Putin
Chair of the G8
2007
Succeeded by
Yasuo Fukuda
Party political offices
Preceded by
Peter Hintze
Secretary General of the Christian Democratic Union
1998–2000
Succeeded by
Ruprecht Polenz
Preceded by
Wolfgang Schäuble
Chair of the Christian Democratic Union
2000–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Friedrich Merz
Chair of the CDU/CSU parliamentary group
2002–2005
Succeeded by
Volker Kauder

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Angela Dorothea Merkel (born July 17 1954) is the Chancellor of Germany. She assumed office in 2005 as chairwoman of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU).

Sourced

  • Nicht die Welt muss dem Iran nachweisen, dass er eine Bombe baut, sondern der Iran muss die Welt überzeugen, dass er die Atombombe nicht will.
    • Translation: The world does not have to prove to Iran that Iran is building a nuclear bomb. Iran has to convince the world that it is not striving towards such a bomb.
    • At the United Nations General Assembly on September 25, 2007
  • Aber Demokratie ist nicht immer eine Sache von einsamen Entscheidungen, sondern in der Regel ein Geschäft der Meinungsbildung vieler.
    • Translation: However democracy is not always a matter of unilateral decisions, but normally a business of opinion formation of many.
    • Interview in the Berliner Zeitung (berlinonline.de) on November 7, 2007
  • Und so wünsche ich mir, dass die Bürgerinnen und Bürger Europas in 50 Jahren sagen werden: Damals, in Berlin, da hat das vereinte Europa die Weichen richtig gestellt. Damals, in Berlin, da hat die Europäische Union den richtigen Weg in eine gute Zukunft eingeschlagen. Sie hat anschließend ihre Grundlagen erneuert, um nach innen, auf diesem alten Kontinent, wie nach außen, in dieser einen großen-kleinen Welt, einen Beitrag zu leisten.
    • Translation: And therefore I wish, that in 50 years the citizens of Europe will say: At that time, in Berlin, the united Europe has set the course correctly. At that time, in Berlin, the European Union has pursued a good future. Then it has renewed its fundamentals to make its contribution inwards, on this old continent, as well as outwards, in this big-small world.
    • Speech at the 50th anniversary of the signing of the Treaties of Rome on March 25, 2007
  • Der Staat muss fördern und darf nicht einschränken. In diesem Sinne muss er Gärtner sein und nicht Zaun. Wir sollten den Menschen zutrauen, dass sie sich engagieren und Verantwortung übernehmen wollen.
    • Translation: The state has to assist and must not constrict. In this spirit it has to be the gardener and not the fence. We should be confident that the people want to get [socially] involved and want to assume responsibility.
    • Interview in the Süddeutsche Zeitung (sueddeutsche.de) on May 20, 2006
  • Es ist wahr: Europa ist kein Christenklub. Aber wahr ist auch: Europa ist ein Grundwerteklub. Hier bei uns gelten Menschen- und Bürgerrechte. Diese Menschen- und Bürgerrechte beruhen bei uns ganz wesentlich auf dem Menschenbild des Christentums.
    • Translation: It is true: Europe is no club of christians. But the following is also true: Europe is a club of core values. Here Human and Civil Rights apply. These Human and Civil Rights substantially are based on the christian idea of man.
    • Speech at the 20th federal party convent of the CDU in the Dresdner Frauenkirche on November 27, 2006
  • Ich denke an dichte Fenster! Kein anderes Land kann so dichte und so schöne Fenster bauen.
    • Translation: I am thinking of airtight windows! No other country can build such airtight and beautiful windows.
    • Anwering the question what emotions Germany arouses in her, Interview in the BILD-Zeitung on November 29, 2004

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message