Angeles National Forest: Wikis

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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The San Gabriel Mountains, part of the Angeles National Forest. The southwest view from Islip Saddle shows Bear Creek, a tributary of the San Gabriel River that lies within the San Gabriel Wilderness, and Twin Peaks (7761 feet / 2365 m).
Angeles National Forest, near Los Angeles
The east fork of the San Gabriel River is one of the most visited sites in the entire National Forest system.
Along the Icehouse Canyon Trail in the Angeles National Forest.

Angeles National Forest (ANF) is located in the San Gabriel Mountains north of Los Angeles County California, and was established on July 1, 1908, incorporating the first San Bernardino National Forest and parts of Santa Barbara and San Gabriel National Forests. It covers 655,387 acres (1,024.0 sq mi; 2,652.3 km2) and is located in the San Gabriel Mountains of Los Angeles County, just north of the metropolitan area of Los Angeles, California. A small part extends eastward into southwestern San Bernardino County, in the Mount San Antonio ("Mount Baldy") area. A tiny section also extends westward into northeastern Ventura County, in the Lake Piru area. Forest headquarters are in Arcadia, California. The Angeles National Forest manages the watersheds within its boundaries to provide valuable water to Southern California and to protect surrounding communities from catastrophic floods.[1] The land within the Forest is diverse, both in appearance and terrain. Elevations range from 365 meters to 3,067 m (1,200 to 10,064 ft). Much of this National Forest is covered with dense chaparral which changes to pine and fir-covered slopes as you reach the majestic peaks of the higher elevations. The Pacific Crest Trail crosses the forest.

Tree species for which the forest is important include Bigcone Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga macrocarpa), Coulter Pine (Pinus coulteri), and California Walnut (Juglans californica).

The National Forest also contains some 29,000 acres (12,000 ha) of old growth, with Jeffrey Pine (Pinus jeffreyi) forests, Sierra Nevada mixed conifer forests (Coast Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii), Ponderosa Pine (Pinus ponderosa), and White Fir (Abies concolor)), and Lodgepole Pine (Pinus contorta) forests the most abundant types.[2 ]

The Angeles National Forest does contain three nationally-designated wilderness areas: the Cucamonga Wilderness, the San Gabriel Wilderness, and the Sheep Mountain Wilderness.

A National Forest Adventure Pass is required for parking at many locations in the Angeles National Forest and other National Forests in Southern California, and this can be obtained online or from visitor centers and local merchants.[3] Los Angeles County has declared that passes are not required on county-maintained roads. There are also many other areas that do not require the pass.

Contents

History

The San Gabriel Forest Reserve was established on December 20, 1892, the San Bernardino Forest Reserve on February 25, 1893, and the Santa Barbara Forest Reserve on December 22, 1903. They became National Forests on March 4, 1907, and they were combined on July 1, 1908, with all of the San Bernardino forest and portions of San Gabriel forest and Santa Barbara forest composing the new Angeles National Forest. On September 30, 1925, portions of the Angeles National Forest and the Cleveland National Forest were detached to re-establish the San Bernardino National Forest.[4]

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Station wildfire

More than 161,000 acres of the forest were burned by an arson fire that began on August 26, 2009, near Angeles Crest Highway in La Cañada and quickly spread, fueled by dry brush that had not burned for 40 years. The fire burned for more than a month and was the worst in Los Angeles County history, charring one-fourth of the forest (250 square miles), displacing wildlife, and destroying 102 homes, cabins and outbuildings. During the fire, two firefighters died when their vehicle went over a cliff.

The "Station Fire" threatened the Mount Wilson Observatory atop Mt. Wilson. The site includes two telescopes, two solar towers, and transmitters for 22 television stations, several FM radio stations, and police and fire department emergency channels.

Ranger Districts

  • Santa Clara/Mojave Rivers District
    • Station: Santa Clarita
  • Los Angeles River District
    • Station: San Fernando
  • San Gabriel River District
    • Station: Glendora

Statistics and general information

General

  • Acres of land: 655,387 (2652 km²)
  • Wilderness areas acres: 80,284 (324.9 km²)
  • Miles of roads: 1,032 (1661 km)
  • Visitor centers: 4
  • Information centers: 4
  • Fire lookout towers: 2
  • Recreational residences: 505
  • Picnic areas: 36
  • Campgrounds: 66
  • Ski areas: 2
  • Entrance stations: 2

Trails

  • Trailheads: 53
  • Trail miles: 697 (1122 km)
  • Off highway vehicle areas: 3
  • Off highway vehicle route miles: 261 (420 km)

Natural features

  • Wilderness areas: 3
  • Lakes and reservoirs: 10
  • Rivers and stream miles: 240

Sensitive species

  • Sensitive plant: 22
  • Sensitive wildlife: 23
  • Threatened & endangered species: 16

Mountain peaks

Mountain peaks within the National Forest include:

Water sports

  • Pyramid Lake is located next to Interstate 5 (take Smokey Bear exit), 20 miles (32.2 km) north of Magic Mountain Amusement Park in Valencia, CA.
  • Castaic Lake is located 7 miles (11.3 km) north of Magic Mountain Amusement Park in Valencia, CA just off Interstate 5 (take Lake Hughes exit.) The lake is managed by the L.A. County Department of Parks and Recreation
  • Elizabeth Lake is located approximately 10 miles (16 km) west of Palmdale, CA on Elizabeth Lake Rd.

Volunteer organizations

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ Lockman, Ronald F., 1981. Guarding the Forests of Southern California: Evolving Attitudes Towad Conservation of Watershed, Woodlands, and Wilderness (Glendale: A. H. Clarke).
  2. ^ Warbington, Ralph; Beardsley, Debby (2002), 2002 Estimates of Old Growth Forests on the 18 National Forests of the Pacific Southwest Region, United States Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Region, http://www.fs.fed.us/r5/rsl/publications/oldgrowth/oldgrowth2002.html  
  3. ^ "Angeles Passes and Permits". Angeles Permits. http://www.angelespermits.com. Retrieved 2008-02-14.  
  4. ^ Davis, Richard C. (September 29, 2005) ( – Scholar search), National Forests of the United States, The Forest History Society, http://www.foresthistory.org/Research/usfscoll/places/National%20Forests%20of%20the%20U.S.pdf  

Additional Reading

  • Russ Leadabrand, A Guide o the San Gabriel Mountains of California (L. A.: Ritche Press, 1963).
  • John W. Robinson, The San Gabriels: Southern California Mountain Country (San Marino: Goldwest Books, 1977).
  • W. W. Robinson, The Forest and the People: The Story of the Angeles National Forest (LA: Title and Trust Insurance co., 1946).

External links

Coordinates: 34°18′34″N 117°57′32″W / 34.30941°N 117.95883°W / 34.30941; -117.95883


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Angeles National Forest [1] is a national forest in Southern California.

Understand

The Angeles National Forest borders the San Bernardino National Forest. Some areas of each are only really accessible by travelling through the other. Sometimes this means that the forests are referenced interchangeably and it is often hard to discern in which national forest some locations are.

Climate

The Angeles National Forest is in Southern California, and the weather acts accordingly. For much of the year the forest has warnings posted regarding fires. Even at some of the higher elevations it can stay a bit warm. During the winter, however, it can get cold. From the months of December through March there is often snow on the ground go be enjoyed by those up for some skiing, innertubing, or general snowplay.

Get in

On the Eastern side

Heading West on the 210 Freeway
Exit Campus Ave., in Upland. Make a right at the light and a left at the stop sign shortly ahead. This road will take you passed the rock quarry and curve up to being northbound. A right at the first stop will lead you to Euclid Ave. Make a right and head North on Euclid to the firestation. Follow directions for "From I-10" from this point.
Heading East on the 210 Freeway
Exit Monte Vista/Padua/Baseline on the eastern border of Claremont. This exit has been known to change names at times. When you exit you will end up at a stoplight facing north towards the mountains. A Left turn here will take you West where you will see the light for Monte Vista to the south and Padua to the north. Turn right up Padua and continue all the way up to the light at Mt Baldy Rd. Take a right at the light and follow it all the way up.
From I-10
On Euclid Ave in Upland, head north, towards the mountains. Follow Euclid all the way to the top. When you reach the firestation at the top of Euclid the street will no longer be divided. You will need to make a left at the stop sign and then a right at a split stop sign in order to continue up Euclid on the left side of the firestation. Continue following the road up the mountain. The road will come to a T at Baldy Road. A left will head you down to Padua Hills. There are some hiking trails at the turnouts on the way down the hill in this direction. Continuing to head this way can lead you straight down Padua and Monte Vista to the Montclair Plaza. A right at the stop will take you up to Baldy Village, Manker Flats, Icehouse, or the Mount Baldy skiing area.

Fees/Permits

Parking permits can be purchased at the ranger's station in Mount Baldy Village. On some days permits are not required. If you are cited the fee is usually just the amount of a parking pass.

Generally, most areas of the Angeles National Forest will require parked vehicles to show either a $5 day pass, or an Adventure Pass ($30; valid for one year). The latter, which is also valid at three other National Forests in Southern California, can be purchased at local sporting goods stores. The ANF website provides a list of local vendors. [2]

Get around

By car
A good portion of the forest can be seen without having to get out of your car. Mount Baldy road can take you to the parking lot of the ski lift at Mt Baldy. From Mount Baldy Village it is possible to take Glendora Ridge Road. This road can take you out in Glendora, or continue on all the way to the top of highway 39. Make sure you have enough gas, there are no stops along the way. And check beforehand on road conditions as this route is frequently closed during the winter due to snow and during the summer due to fire hazards.
By bicycle
If you're of the more athletic sort, the climb up Mount Baldy Road has been used by many. There is normally plenty of space for bicyclists with only a coupld tunnels to worry about sharing some tight space with passing cars. Staying on the lower roads from Euclid to Padua can also provide a nice little loop with some good elevtaion changes.
By foot
Much of the forest can be enjoyed on foot. Many paths are well-marked and make for some pleasant hiking. The ski lift at Mount Baldy runs throughout much of skiing's off-season in order to help some with the climb to the hiking trails found a little higher up.

  • Manker Flats Loop
    • Distance: 11.25 miles round trip
    • Elevation Gain: 4300 ft
    • Hiking Time: 7 hours
    • Difficulty: Strenuous
    • Trail Condition: Good, some difficult spots
    • Hike Type: Loop
    • Switchbacks: Few

Take the 210 Interstate and exit on Mountain Avenue heading North into the Angeles National Forest. Follow Mountain Avenue until the intersection with Shinn Road and turn left. Follow Shinn Road until Mt. Baldy Road and turn right. Follow this road through two tunnels, Mt. Baldy village and finally up to Manker Flats. After the road becomes dual carriage way, look out on the left for sign to the San Antonio Falls Road. Park here but don't block the gate.

Follow the track after the first switch back when you are over the trailhead. A single-track path veers up to the left. Follow this one. The light-green ski hut is approximately at 8200 feet. Please take a break there! After that it is a fairly rapid climb to the 10064 feet of Mount Baldy (San Antonio) summit. There are hazardous drops along the trail, although it doesn't get much worse than the Devil's Backbone section, which you will see immediately. Not recommended with young children or during precipitation (which is unusual during most of the year anyway).

Descend eastwards along the Devil's Backbone ridge and watch out especially in snowy/icy/rainy conditions, as the path has partially been covered by landslides in some spots. Back at the Baldy Notch Skihut at 7800 feet, take the ski lift down for $15 or if you haven't had enough walking for one day descend by the dirt track back to Manker Flats (approximately 1 hour).

  • Icehouse Canyon

There are many well-marked trails accessible from Icehouse Canyon. The trailhead is easy to find. Heading up from Calremont/Upland take the road until it ends. Instead of making a right to continue up to Mount Baldy, simply follow the road the short distance to the parking lot. The old Icehouse is at the top of the parking lot and the trailhead is to the right.

  • Icehouse Saddle

The first destination many follow is to simply hike to the saddle. From the saddle you can see the valleys on the north side of the range and on the south. There is a large open area for picnicking or just relaxing. From here there are trails heading in three directions that will take a little more time and will reach the summits of some of the more well-known peaks in this area. The hike to the saddle is easy enough to follow. Trail markers point the way to the old route or the newer trail. The hike more-or-less follows the river (or creek, rather, depending on time of year and rainfall) up to the saddle. It is a well-traveled and well-maintained path with many places to stop along the way and enjoy the surroundings.

  • The Three T's

Upon approaching Icehouse Saddle there is a sign to your left that marks the trail to the Three T's. The three T's are Timber, Telegraph, and Thunder Mountains. The trail will take you near to the peaks of these three mountains and will eventually drop you off near the notch where the trail continues on to Mount Baldy or down the ski slope. This trail is more strenuous and takes a fair amount of time. It should also be kept in mind that the trail ends at the notch. If you're hiking in a group it may be a good idea to have cars parked at both the icehouse and the ski area park lots.

  • Cucamonga Peak

This trail is about 13 miles roundtrip and can be quite strenuous, but worth the work. From the saddle the trail is marked ahead to your right. The trail runs behind the mountain for much of the climb and makes several switchbacks. It eventually wraps back around to the southern side and climbs the last bit to the summit, where a breath-taking view is available of the Inland Empire. There was once a sign-in post at the peak. All that is left is the bottom stump of the post. Take note of where you've hiked from as this is the meeting place for multiple trails from both sides of the mountain. Head back down the way you've come or hike on over and meet up with the trails from Lytle Creek. If you do the latter make sure you've got some time and a car to take you back to where you came from. Also make sure you've brought your camera. It's definitely a shot you'll want to remember.

  • Ontario Peak

From Icehouse Saddle this trail begins from your hard right. The sign is sometimes hard to see due to trees. This trail is also one of the least maintained summit paths from the saddle. This can be good if you're looking for some solitude but thusly more dangerous if you're less experienced with hiking or even with this area in general. There are a few trail markers along the way, but if you're hiking in the off-season these can be hidden by snow and neglect. Follow the trail on up and you'll be granted a view of all the other summits in the area as well as a shot of the valley, smog allowing.

  • Mt Baldy Trout Pools, 801 San Antonio Creek Rd (just passed Baldy Village on the right), 909-982-4246, [3]. Family owned and ready to give the kids a nice little fishing experience. You only have to pay for the fish you catch. But be ready to hand over some cash- the fish are always biting.  edit
  • Hansens Honey, 1 Ice House Canyon Road, 909-985-2148. Buy some honey on your way up to Ice House canyon. Parking permits can also be purchased here.  edit
  • The Hidden Springs Cafe, Angeles Forest Highway, at the mid point between Palmdale and La Canada (17 miles north of Foothill Blvd.). It offers very good, inexpensive food and beer (beer must be consumed on the outside patio). It sees a lot of older and retired people who drive Harley Davidson vehicles.
  • Newcomb's Ranch, on the nearby Angeles Crest Highway. A bit pricier, offering prime rib and various holiday specials, such as on Mother's Day. Both see heavy use by motorcycle enthusiasts. Newcomb's Ranch sees much use by a younger crowd driving high performance Japanese motorcycles.
  • Mount Baldy Lodge. A small restaurant in the middle of Baldy Village. Friendly staff with good food. There's a small dance floor that is also occassionally used for live performances.  edit

Sleep

Lodging

Mount Baldy Lodge has 6 cabins to stay at. A bit farther up the hill is Snow Crest Lodge.

Camping

Manker Flats has several sites for overnight camping.

Backcountry

There are places along the trails where camping is permitted, such as Kelly's Camp on the trail to Ontario Peak. Permits can be acquired at the ranger's station.

Stay safe

While most of the area is fairly frequently traveled and patrolled by hikers as well as the county sherrif's department, caution should be used when traveling through the forest. Some of the trails can be more strenuous than you may first suspect and leaving the trails can be dangerous. During the winter months there can be a good deal of snow and ice on the paths. Spend some time to research the trails, talk to the rangers, and make your time here as enjoyable as it should be. Also, the forest has seen its share of wildlife including bear and mountain lion. Take all necessary precautions when hiking, camping, or just wandering through.

Get out

On the west of the forest is Hwy 2 which requires just a short jaunt to Pasadena or Glendale. Heading East can take you through the San Bernardino National forest to Wrightwood. A more south-east departure will pass you on into Ontario.


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