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अङ्गिका, अंगिका
Spoken in India, Nepal
Region Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal
Total speakers 740,892 (of whom approx. 725,000 in India, 15,892 in Nepal) (SIL)
Language family Indo-European
Language codes
ISO 639-1 bh (Bihari
ISO 639-2 anp
ISO 639-3 anp
Indic script
This page contains Indic text. Without rendering support you may see irregular vowel positioning and a lack of conjuncts. More...

Angika (Dev. अङ्गिका or अंगिका) is a language of the Anga region of India, a 58,000 km² area that falls within the states of Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal. Angika is spoken by around 725,000 people in India and Considered to be one of the oldest language of the world. Angika is also spoken in Munger, Bhagalpur,Mumbai, Delhi, Calcutta, Durgapur, Patna, Ranchi, Jamshedpur, Bokaro and other parts of the country. Angika is also spoken in Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia and other Southeast Asian countries. Besides this, a sizeable Angika speaking population exists in countries such as the United States and the United Kingdom.

Angika was mistakenly considered very closely to the Maithili language, and was classified by Sir George A. Grierson as a dialectal variant of it, which he termed as "Chikka-Chikki".[1] It has affinity to the Eastern Indo-Aryan languages, such as Bengali, Oriya, and Assamese. It had been traditionally classified as a "Bihari languages," which includes Bhojpuri, Magahi, Maithili, and Vajjika), though it has ancient history of being an independent language and dialect.[2]. The name Angika first appeared in the 1961 census.[3] Angika is highly intelligible with other Bihari languages.

Angika is commonly written in the Devanagari script, although Kaithi and Anga Lipi were used historically .

Various alternate names for the language are used:

  • Anga,
  • Aangi,
  • Angikar,
  • Chhika-Chhiki,
  • Bhagalpuri,
  • Apbhramsa,
  • Bihari.

Dialects of Angika include:

  • Deshi,
  • Dakhnaha,
  • Mungeria,
  • Devgharia,
  • Gidhhoria,
  • Dharampuria.



Southern Bihar
Bhagalpur District, Munger District, Banka District, Lakhisarai District, Jamui District and Sheikhpura District.
Northern Bihar
Katihar District, Purnia District, Khagaria District, Begusarai District, Saharsa District, Madhepura District, Araria District, Kishanganj District and Supaul District.
Sahebganj District, Godda District, Dumka District, Deoghar District, Pakur District and Giridih District.
West Bengal
Malda District.
Angika is also spoken in Tarai region of Nepal.
Other South-East Asian countries
Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia and others: all well established.
A large number of Angika speakers have migrated to the Persian Gulf, the United Kingdom , the United States, Canada and other countries. Also a substantial portion of the Angika-speaking population has settled elsewhere in India, mainly in Mumbai, Delhi, Calcutta, Baroda, Surat, Chandigarh, Ludhiana, Jamshedpur and Bokaro.

Angika cinema

The first Angika language film released on 27 April,2007 in Laxmi Talkies, Khagaria, Bihar. The name of this film is "Khagaria Vali Bhouji". The first ever completed feature film of Angika Language, however, is "Khissa Chando Bihula Bishari Ke", which is still to be released. Currently a new Angika film, "Ang Putra" is being picturised.Angika folk singer sunil chailaa bihari played as hero in this film.

Angika literature

Mr. Suman Soorow, Dr. Permanand Pandey, Dr. Amrendra, Dr. Naresh Pandey Chakore, Mr. Kundan Amitabh, Dr. Abhaykant Choudhary, Mr. Chandraprakash Jagpriya are among prominent scholars of Angika Language who have contributed lots in Angika Literature. Hundreds of standard literary books are available in angika language.

External links



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