Anglican Use has two meanings. First, it refers to former congregations of the Anglican Communion who have joined the Catholic Church (Latin Rite in particular) while maintaining some of the features of Anglicanism. These parishes were formerly members of the Episcopal Church in the United States of America and were allowed to join the Catholic Church under the Pastoral Provision of 1980 issued by Pope John Paul II. Anglican Use parishes currently exist only in the United States. Many Anglican Use priests are former clergy of the Episcopal Church and most are married. Starting in 2010 or soon thereafter, the structure and governance Anglican Use parishes will change. In November 2009, Pope Benedict XVI issued the Apostolic Constitution Anglicanorum Coetibus, authorizing the establishment of personal ordinariates for former Anglicans.
Second, Anglican Use refers to the particular form of worship used in those churches, which is found in the Book of Divine Worship. The liturgy can be used outside of Anglican Use parishes with the proper permission from the local Roman Catholic bishop.
Officially a variation of the widely used Roman Rite, the Anglican Use liturgy reflects many influences, including the Sarum Use, the English Missal, and the 1928 and 1979 versions of the Episcopal Book of Common Prayer, as well as the Roman Missal. The regular Sunday Mass is based on a 16th-century translation of the Latin Tridentine Mass and is similar to high Anglican and Anglo-Catholic services. Distinctive features of such masses include 16th century English (e.g., "thee" and "thou"), greater use of incense and bell-ringing, the altar placed against the eastern wall, celebration of Solemn High Mass with the assistance of a deacon and subdeacon, and more traditional music, chants, and English hymns. Gender roles are also more traditional. All ceremonies are performed in English.
The adapted liturgy of the Anglican Use is contained in the Book of Divine Worship.
Anglican Use was created following the Pastoral Provision issued by Pope John Paul II in 1980. In addition to establishing the liturgy and allowing for the parishes, the Pastoral Provision permits, on a case-by-case basis, the ordination of married men into the priesthood of the Latin Rite of the Catholic Church.
The Pastoral Provision and the permission to celebrate the Anglican Use are not necessarily linked. Not all former Episcopal clergy have permission to celebrate using Anglican Use.
Anglican Use is a particular form of worship within the western Latin Rite of the Catholic Church. The Latin Rite includes the widely practiced and most common Roman Rite as well as Anglican Use, the Ambrosian Rite of Milan, the Mozarabic Rite in parts of Spain, Zaire Use in some parts of Africa, and other liturgical forms. The Catholic Church also includes several Eastern Catholic Churches, which are alongside the Latin Rite but not within it.
Anglican Use should not be confused with Anglo-Catholic liturgies performed by parishes either within the Anglican Communion or in the Continuing Anglican Movement. These parishes are not in communion with the Roman Catholic Church. Many of these churches use the description Catholic because they differentiate being Roman Catholic and being Catholic, using the "universal" meaning of "catholic".
Other former Episcopal and Anglican parishes have left Anglican denominations for Western Rite Orthodoxy and have become part of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia or the Antiochian Western Rite Vicariate. 
Anglican Use parishes currently are rare and found only in certain dioceses of the United States. Any Anglican parish seeking to join the Catholic Church and become Anglican Use parishes must have the permission of the local Catholic bishop.
On November 16, 2009, Pope Benedict XVI announced the creation of new structures within the Latin Rite of the Catholic Church for former Anglicans. The new Apostolic Constitution, Anglicanorum Coetibus, allows for the creation of personal ordinariates to be made up of and led by former Anglicans. The ordinariates would be treated largely as independent dioceses with their own liturgical practices based upon Anglican tradition and the independent training of new priests in those traditions. The ordinariates can be led by a bishop or a priest. In practice, these ordinariates will be similar in structure to that of a military ordinariate like the Roman Catholic Archdiocese for the Military Services of the United States. It is expected that all current Anglican Use parishes, who are currently under diocesan bishops, will join a newly created anglican ordinariate. The creation of this new structure was in part a response to a request by the Traditional Anglican Communion to join the Catholic Church.
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