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Anglican novices in South Africa.

Anglican religious orders are communities of laity and/or clergy in the Anglican Communion who live under a common rule of life. The members of religious orders take vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience, and lead a common life of work and prayer. Most members of Anglican religious orders will refer to themselves as monks and nuns, and do not usually make distinctions between nuns and religious sisters or between monks and friars as Roman Catholics do.

Religious orders were dissolved by King Henry VIII when he separated the Church of England from papal primacy. With the rise of the Catholic Revival and the Oxford Movement in Anglicanism in the mid-nineteenth century, however, there was an interest in the revival of religious orders in England. Between 1841 and 1855, several religious orders for women were begun, among them the Community of St. Mary the Virgin at Wantage and the Society of Saint Margaret at East Grinstead. Religious orders for men appeared later, beginning in 1866 with the Society of St. John the Evangelist (Cowley Fathers). In North America, the founding of Anglican religious orders began in 1842 with the Nashotah Community (men) in Wisconsin, followed in 1845 by the Sisterhood of the Holy Communion in New York. In recent decades, there has been a remarkable growth of religious orders in other parts of the Anglican Communion, most notably in Tanzania, South Africa, and the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and Papua New Guinea. There are currently about 2,400 monks and nuns in the Anglican communion, about 55% of whom are women and 45% of whom are men.[1]

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Anglican religious orders are sometimes confused with what many provinces of the Anglican Communion call "Christian communities". The differences are as follows: "A Religious Order of this Church is a society of Christians (in communion with the See of Canterbury) who voluntarily commit themselves for life, or a term of years, to holding their possessions in common or in trust; to a celibate life in community; and obedience to their Rule and Constitution." (Title III, Canon 24, section 1) "A Christian Community of this Church is a society of Christians (in communion with the See of Canterbury) who voluntarily commit themselves for life, or a term of years, in obedience to their Rule and Constitution." (Title III, Canon 24, section 2) [2] Members of both religious orders and Christian communities may wear a distinctive habit, and may use the titles "Brother" or "Sister", but members of Christian communities do not need to be celibate, may own property, and often live independently rather than in community.

Contents

List of current Anglican religious orders

The following is a list of the religious orders in the Anglican Communion, their initials, and their locations:

Orders of Men:

Orders of Women:

Mixed Orders of Men and Women:

Orders Not Canonically Recognized: [note: lack of canonical recognition can be for a number of reasons, including recent formation and low numbers. It does not necessarily imply any fault in the order.]

  • Community of the Ascension (CA) (United States)
  • Episcopal Carmel of Saint Teresa (OCD) (United States)
  • Missionaries of Divine Compassion (MDC) (United States)
  • Servants of the Sacred Cross SSC (Canada)

List of Anglican Christian Communities

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Anglican Religious Communities Yearbook 2008-2009 p. 24
  2. ^ Anglican Communion Religious Communities

Suggested Reading

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