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.Anglicanism is a tradition within Christianity comprising churches with historical connections to the Church of England or similar beliefs, worship and church structures.^ In addition to that, they have worship and church structure and beliefs which resemble that of Church of England.
  • Anglicanism - Anglicans 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: News]

^ It is rather a tradition in Christianity, having a significant connection with the Church of England, or resembling its belief, church structure and worship practices.
  • Anglicanism - Anglicans 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: News]
  • Anglicanism Beliefs 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Anglicanism refers to a tradition in Christianity.
  • Anglicanism - Anglicans 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: News]

[1] .Anglicanism forms one of the principal traditions of Christianity, together with Protestantism, Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy.^ Anglicanism is also a highly debated form of Christianity.

^ It is often seen as a bridge between Protestantism, Roman Catholicism and Orthodoxy.
  • Christianity � Anglicanism 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: General]

^ Anglican Christians are the heirs to a rich tradition.
  • Books about the Episcopal Church 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.secaucus.org [Source type: General]

[2]
.The word Anglican originates in ecclesia anglicana, a medieval Latin phrase dating to at least 1246 meaning the English Church.^ The name Anglican comes from the Latin term for the Church of England, Ecclesia Anglicana .

^ In fact, the word Anglican has originated from the Latin phrase ecclesia anglicana , meaning English Church.
  • Anglicanism Beliefs 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: Original source]

^ T he word "Anglican" means English .
  • Anglican Catholic Church of Our Savior, Florence, SouthCarolina 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.oursaviouracc.org [Source type: Original source]

.Adherents of Anglicanism are called Anglicans.^ Adherents of Anglicanism are called Anglicans .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The great majority of Anglicans are members of churches which are part of the international Anglican Communion.^ Wikipedia says: The great majority of Anglicans are members of churches belonging to the Anglican Communion.

^ If an Anglican church is a member of the Anglican Communion, it is said to be "in communion", or "in communion with the See of Canterbury".
  • Class 10 of a Christian Education Course for People Inquiring about the Christian Faith and the Episcopal Denomination 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.williamgstroop.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Anglican Communion is a worldwide church.
  • A New Direction for the Anglican Communion 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.telospress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3] .There are, however, a small number of churches outside of the Anglican Communion which also consider themselves to be in the Anglican tradition, most notably those referred to as Continuing Anglican churches.^ However, there are a great variety of non-affiliated Anglican churches, most notably the Continuing Anglican Churches.

^ The Traditional Anglican Communion opposes those trends as well.
  • Traditional Anglicans want to join Catholics - cleveland.com 10 September 2009 21:43 UTC www.cleveland.com [Source type: News]

^ The Anglican Communion is a worldwide church.
  • A New Direction for the Anglican Communion 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.telospress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]
.The faith of Anglicans is founded in the scriptures, the traditions of the apostolic church, the apostolic succession – "historic episcopate" and the early Church Fathers.^ The essential Faith of the Church is found in the Scriptures and Creeds.
  • Saints Michael and Gabriel Orthodox Church 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC members.optushome.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ The faith of Anglicans is founded in the scriptures, the traditions of the apostolic church, the apostolic succession – "historic episcopate" and the early Church Fathers.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The word "Anglican" refers to the faith of the Church, while the word "Episcopal" refers to the form of government of the Church.
  • Episcopalians: Catholicism vs. Anglicanism/Episcopalianism, roman catholic parish, eastern orthodox churches 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

[1] .Anglicanism forms one of the branches of Western Christianity; having definitively declared its independence from the Roman pontiff at the time of the Elizabethan Religious Settlement, in what has been otherwise termed the British monachism.^ Anglicanism is also a highly debated form of Christianity.

^ Anglicanism is the most debated form of Christianity.
  • Anglicanism: Protestant or Catholic (Traditional Protestant Episcopal Church) 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.reformer.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Well, this line by Martin Luther King is very much relevant to one of the traditions in Christianity , and that is Anglicanism .
  • Anglicanism Beliefs 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: Original source]

[4][5] .Many of the new Anglican formularies of the mid sixteenth century corresponded closely to those of contemporary Reformed Protestantism; but by the end of the century, the retention in Anglicanism of many traditional liturgical forms and of the episcopate was already seen as unacceptable by those promoting the most developed Protestant principles.^ But what type of Protestantism is embedded in the Anglican formularies — Lutheran, Reformed or Anabaptist?
  • Theological Theology: What does it mean to be Anglican? IV 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC markdthompson.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They are “Reformed Catholics.” Anglicanism is not a form of Protestantism.
  • Theological Theology: What does it mean to be Anglican? IV 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC markdthompson.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The earliest Anglican formularies corresponded closely to those of contemporary Reformed Protestantism ; but by the end of the 16th century, the retention in Anglicanism of many traditional liturgical forms and of the episcopate was already seen as unacceptable by those promoting the most developed Protestant principles.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the first half of the 17th century the Church of England and associated episcopal churches in Ireland and in England's American colonies were presented by some Anglican divines as comprising a distinct Christian tradition, with theologies, structures and forms of worship representing a middle ground, or via media, between Reformed Protestantism and Roman Catholicism; a perspective that came to be highly influential in later theories of Anglican identity.^ The American Revolution severed ties between the Church of England and the church in the colonies.
  • Virginia Theological Seminary ~ Quick Facts 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.vts.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ AMERICAN. Many of the first colonists were members of the Church of England.
  • Christ the Redeemer Anglican Church Warner Robins, Georgia 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC ctranglican.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Here are some sources for finding articles on Anglicanism and the Episcopal Church: .
  • Basics - Episcopal and Anglican Studies - Pitts Theology Library Research Guides at Emory University - Pitts Theology Library 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC guides.theology.library.emory.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Following the American Revolution, Anglican congregations in the United States and Canada were each reconstituted into an independent church with their own bishops and self-governing structures; which, through the expansion of the British Empire and the activity of Christian missions, was adopted as the model for many newly formed churches, especially in Africa, Australasia and the regions of the Pacific.^ Following the American Revolution , Anglican congregations in the United States and Canada were each reconstituted into an independent church with their own bishops and self-governing structures; which, through the expansion of the British Empire and the activity of Christian missions , was adopted as the model for many newly formed churches, especially in Africa , Australasia and the regions of the Pacific .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For many years these churches were united by a common faith, a common form of church government, and a common worship.
  • Christ the Redeemer Anglican Church Warner Robins, Georgia 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC ctranglican.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The word "Anglican" refers to the faith of the Church, while the word "Episcopal" refers to the form of government of the Church.
  • Episcopalians: Catholicism vs. Anglicanism/Episcopalianism, roman catholic parish, eastern orthodox churches 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

.In the 19th century the term Anglicanism was coined to describe the common religious tradition of these churches; as also that of the Scottish Episcopal Church, which, though originating earlier within the Church of Scotland, had come to be recognised as sharing this common identity.^ In the 19th century the term Anglicanism was coined to describe the common religious tradition of these churches; as also that of the Scottish Episcopal Church , which, though originating earlier within the Church of Scotland , had come to be recognised as sharing this common identity.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is a question of the identity of the Anglican Church.

^ Do we Anglicans have a clear and shared identity?
  • The Anglican Diocese of the Bahamas & The Turks & caicos Islands 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC nassau.anglican.org [Source type: Original source]

.The degree of distinction between Reformed and western Catholic tendencies within the Anglican tradition is routinely a matter of debate both within specific Anglican churches and throughout the Anglican Communion.^ But the Anglican Church is basically and inherently catholic.
  • St Peter's Eastern Hill - Views & Sermons 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.stpeters.org.au [Source type: Original source]

^ The distinction between Reformed and Catholic, and the coherence of the two, is routinely a matter of debate both within specific Anglican Churches and throughout the Anglican Communion by members themselves.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Catholic and Reformed As we have seen, the Anglican Church affirms its 'Catholic' heritage.
  • The Anglicans: Who are they? What is their faith? 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.acahome.org [Source type: Original source]

.Unique to Anglicanism is the Book of Common Prayer, the collection of services that worshippers in most Anglican churches used for centuries.^ Christendom used to be the “services” company for the churches.
  • Evangelism in Catholic Anglicanism « The Institute of Evangelism 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC institute.wycliffecollege.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ We do not use the 1979 Book of Common Prayer, or any other alternative book of prayers.

^ Services authorized for use in the Church of England in conjunction with the Book of Common Prayer together with the Liturgical Psalter.
  • Theological Guide - Trinity College in the University of Toronto 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.trinity.utoronto.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.While it has since undergone many revisions and Anglican churches in different countries have developed other service books, the Prayer Book is still acknowledged as one of the ties that bind the Anglican Communion together.^ Relations with other churches - World Anglicanism .
  • Anglicanism -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Anglicanism :: Related Articles -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The difference between the Anglican church and,on the one side, the .
  • Airy Demons: The Third World of Renaissance Pneumatology 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC userwww.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The Anglican Church is a credal Church, not a confessional one.
  • .:: Saint Margaret Anglican Church ::. 10 September 2009 21:43 UTC indyanglican.org [Source type: Original source]

.There is no single Anglican Church with universal juridical authority, since each national or regional church has full autonomy.^ A characteristic of Anglicanism is that it has no international juridical authority.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There was no single Protestant ‘template’.

^ There is no single Anglican Church with universal juridical authority, since each national or regional church has full autonomy.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As the name suggests, the Anglican Communion is an association of those churches in full communion with the Archbishop of Canterbury.^ If an Anglican church is a member of the Anglican Communion, it is said to be "in communion", or "in communion with the See of Canterbury".
  • Class 10 of a Christian Education Course for People Inquiring about the Christian Faith and the Episcopal Denomination 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.williamgstroop.com [Source type: Original source]

^ T he Anglican Churches around the world which used to be in full Communion with the Archbishop of Canterbury and with each other are so no longer.
  • From Anglicanism to Orthodoxy 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.istocnik.com [Source type: Original source]

^ By now the Church of Nigeria (Anglican Communion) had been proclaimed by the Archbishop of Canterbury as "the fastest growing church in the Anglican Communion!"

[6] .With over eighty[3] million members the Anglican Communion is the third largest Christian communion in the world, after the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church.^ Relations with other churches - World Anglicanism .
  • Anglicanism -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Anglicanism :: Related Articles -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ ISSUE: What is the state of relations between the Anglican Communion and the Catholic Church?
  • CUF.org :: Catholics United for the Faith 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.cuf.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But the Anglican Church is basically and inherently catholic.
  • St Peter's Eastern Hill - Views & Sermons 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.stpeters.org.au [Source type: Original source]

Contents

Terminology

.The word Anglicanism is a neologism from the 19th century; constructed from the older word Anglican.^ The word Anglicanism is a neologism from the 19th century; constructed from the older word Anglican .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the end of the 19th century, however, Anglicanism began to take on a new identity.
  • MySpace - Episcopal Campus Ministry @ ETSU - 101 - Male - Johnson City, Tennessee - myspace.com/anglicanetsu 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the 19th century, Anglican missionaries often failed to distinguish between evangelization and acculturation, tacitly assuming that to be Anglican was to be English.

[6] .The word refers to the teachings and rites of Christians throughout the world in communion with the see of Canterbury.^ We accord the Archbishop of Canterbury, as the bishop of the See of Canterbury with which Anglicans have historically been in communion, a primacy of honour and respect among the college of bishops in the Anglican Communion as first among equals (primus inter pares).
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]
  • The Anglican Church of Canada | Facebook 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.facebook.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Our doctrine (teaching) is mere Christianity as stated in the Nicene, Apostles, and Athanasian creeds and undergirded by the classic Articles of Religion of the Anglican Communion.

^ Many churches around the world that have the word Anglican in their name, and virtually all of them are indeed Christian churches in the Anglican tradition.
  • Class 10 of a Christian Education Course for People Inquiring about the Christian Faith and the Episcopal Denomination 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.williamgstroop.com [Source type: Original source]

.It has come to be used to refer to the claim of those Churches to a unique religious and theological tradition apart from all other Christian churches, be they Eastern Orthodox, Roman Catholic, or Protestant; and is entirely distinct from the allegiance of some of these churches to the British Crown.^ Catholics & orthodox: can they unite?
  • Parish Library | Saint Thomas's Anglican Church, Toronto 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.stthomas.on.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Catholic and Apostolic Church, commonly referred to as the Orthodox Church.
  • Albert Mohler : The Collapse of Anglicanism - Townhall.com 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC townhall.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It was not from the Eastern Orthodox churches nor the Roman Catholic - both make the same claim that they authoried the Bible.

[6]
.The word Anglican originates in ecclesia anglicana, a Medieval Latin phrase dating to at least 1246 meaning "the English Church".[7] As an adjective, Anglican is used to describe the people, institutions, and churches as well as the liturgical traditions and theological concepts developed by the Church of England.^ As the ANGLICAN CATHOLIC CHURCH is derived from the CHURCH OF ENGLAND, it is necessary to look briefly at the origins and development of English Christianity.
  • Anglican Catholic Church of Our Savior, Florence, SouthCarolina 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.oursaviouracc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Christianity in England - Developments in worldwide Anglicanism .
  • Anglicanism -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The word Anglican originates in ecclesia anglicana , a Medieval Latin phrase dating to at least 1246 meaning "the English Church".
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6] .As a noun, an Anglican is a member of a Church in the Anglican Communion.^ If an Anglican church is a member of the Anglican Communion, it is said to be "in communion", or "in communion with the See of Canterbury".
  • Class 10 of a Christian Education Course for People Inquiring about the Christian Faith and the Episcopal Denomination 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.williamgstroop.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The great majority of Anglicans are members of churches which are part of the international Anglican Communion .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Anglican Communion is a worldwide church.
  • A New Direction for the Anglican Communion 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.telospress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The word is also used by followers of dissenting groups which have left the communion or have been founded separately from it, though the Anglican Communion considers this to be misuse.^ The word is also used by followers of dissenting groups which have left the communion or have been founded separately from it, though the Anglican Communion considers this to be misuse.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They never separated from the Anglican communion.
  • Albert Mohler : The Collapse of Anglicanism - Townhall.com 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC townhall.com [Source type: Original source]

^ So Section 2 states the historic basis of Anglicanism, and draws largely for its words on either the Lambeth Quadrilateral or the Declaration of Assent used here in the Church of England.
  • The Anglican Diocese of the Bahamas & The Turks & caicos Islands 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC nassau.anglican.org [Source type: Original source]

[8]
.Although the term Anglican is found referring to the Church of England as far back as the 16th century, its use did not become general until the latter half of the 19th century.^ Although the term Anglican is found referring to the Church of England as far back as the 16th century, its use did not become general until the latter half of the 19th century.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By the 1860s the term ‘Anglican communion’ was becoming a useful descriptor for churches outside Britain.
  • A History of Global Anglicanism - Cambridge University Press 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.cambridge.org [Source type: Original source]

^ So Section 2 states the historic basis of Anglicanism, and draws largely for its words on either the Lambeth Quadrilateral or the Declaration of Assent used here in the Church of England.
  • The Anglican Diocese of the Bahamas & The Turks & caicos Islands 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC nassau.anglican.org [Source type: Original source]

.In British parliamentary legislation referring to the English Established Church, it is described as the Protestant Episcopal Church, thereby distinguishing it from the counterpart established Protestant Presbyterian Church in Scotland.^ It has never been the established church in Scotland.
  • A History of Global Anglicanism - Cambridge University Press 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.cambridge.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In British parliamentary legislation referring to the English Established Church , it is described as the Protestant Episcopal Church , thereby distinguishing it from the counterpart established Protestant Presbyterian Church in Scotland.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She tried to describe what went on in her church on Sunday morning, and by golly, it sounded a lot like what went on in my church, except in English rather than Latin.

.High Churchmen, who objected to the term Protestant, initially promoted the form Reformed Episcopal Church; and it remains the case that word Episcopal is preferred in the title of The Episcopal Church (the province of the Anglican Communion covering the United States) and the Scottish Episcopal Church.^ Continuing churches have generally been formed by people and churches who have left the Anglican Communion .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The word "Anglican" refers to the faith of the Church, while the word "Episcopal" refers to the form of government of the Church.
  • Episcopalians: Catholicism vs. Anglicanism/Episcopalianism, roman catholic parish, eastern orthodox churches 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the United States and Scotland the Anglican Church is called Episcopal , and in most of the rest of the world it is called Anglican .
  • Class 10 of a Christian Education Course for People Inquiring about the Christian Faith and the Episcopal Denomination 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.williamgstroop.com [Source type: Original source]

.Outside of the British Isles, however, the word Anglican Church came to be preferred; as it distinguished these churches from others that claimed an episcopal polity; although some churches, in particular the Scottish Episcopal Church, the Church of Ireland and the Church in Wales continue to use the term only with reservations.^ Relations with other churches - World Anglicanism .
  • Anglicanism -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Anglicanism :: Related Articles -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The word "Anglican" refers to the faith of the Church, while the word "Episcopal" refers to the form of government of the Church.
  • Episcopalians: Catholicism vs. Anglicanism/Episcopalianism, roman catholic parish, eastern orthodox churches 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The only church that claims to hold these keys is the Catholic church.
  • Albert Mohler : The Collapse of Anglicanism - Townhall.com 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC townhall.com [Source type: Original source]

Anglicanism defined

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.Anglicanism, in its structures, theology, and forms of worship, is commonly understood as a distinct Christian tradition representing a middle ground between what are perceived to be the extremes of the claims of 16th century Roman Catholicism and the Calvinism of that era and its contemporary offshoots, and as such, is often referred to as being a via media (or middle way) between these traditions.^ Such Anglicans stress that Anglicanism is the " via media " (middle way) between the two major strains of Western Christianity and that Anglicanism is like a "bridge" between the two strains.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anglicanism, in its structures, theology, and forms of worship, is commonly understood as a distinct Christian tradition representing a middle ground between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism and, as such, is often referred to as being a via media (or middle way ) between these traditions.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anglican Christians are the heirs to a rich tradition.
  • Books about the Episcopal Church 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.secaucus.org [Source type: General]

.The faith of Anglicans is founded in the Scriptures and the Gospels, the traditions of the apostolic Church, the historic episcopate, the first seven ecumenical councils, and the early Church Fathers.^ The essential Faith of the Church is found in the Scriptures and Creeds.
  • Saints Michael and Gabriel Orthodox Church 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC members.optushome.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ The faith of Anglicans is founded in the scriptures, the traditions of the apostolic church, the apostolic succession – "historic episcopate" and the early Church Fathers.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Orthodoxy we have found the faith of the undivided Church the doctrine of the apostles, the authority of Scripture, the teaching of the seven Ecumenical Councils, and a living tradition guarding the faith.
  • Saints Michael and Gabriel Orthodox Church 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC members.optushome.com.au [Source type: Original source]

.Anglicans understand the Old and New Testaments as 'containing all things necessary for salvation' and as being the rule and ultimate standard of faith.^ Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments as containing all things necessary for salvation and as being the rule and ultimate standard of faith[4].
  • The Anglican Church of Canada | Facebook 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.facebook.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Anglicans understand the Old and New Testaments as 'containing all things necessary for salvation' and as being the rule and ultimate standard of faith.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Bible is the ultimate rule and standard of faith, but it does not stand in a vacuum.
  • St Peter's Eastern Hill - Views & Sermons 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.stpeters.org.au [Source type: Original source]

.Anglicans understand the Apostles' Creed as the baptismal symbol, and the Nicene Creed as the sufficient statement of the Christian faith.^ Apostles' Creed, as the baptismal symbol; and the Nicene Creed, as the sufficient statement of the Christian faith[5].
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]
  • The Anglican Church of Canada | Facebook 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.facebook.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Anglicans understand the Apostles' Creed as the baptismal symbol, and the Nicene Creed as the sufficient statement of the Christian faith .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Nicene Creed as the sufficient statement of faith.
  • Nottingham City Centre Church Group » Lambeth 2008, the future of AnglicanismThe Ecumenical Implications 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.nottinghamchurches.org [Source type: Original source]

Jesus depicted in a stained glass window in Rochester Cathedral, Kent.
.Anglicans believe the catholic and apostolic faith is revealed in Holy Scripture and the catholic creeds, and interpret these in light of the Christian tradition of the historic Church, scholarship, reason, and experience.^ But the Anglican Church is basically and inherently catholic.
  • St Peter's Eastern Hill - Views & Sermons 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.stpeters.org.au [Source type: Original source]

^ The faith of Anglicans is founded in the scriptures, the traditions of the apostolic church, the apostolic succession – "historic episcopate" and the early Church Fathers.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The reason for the decline in the Anglican Church of Canada is finally revealed .

.Anglicans celebrate the traditional sacraments, with special emphasis being given to the Holy Eucharist, also called Holy Communion, the Lord's Supper or the Mass.^ Anglicans celebrate the traditional sacraments, with special emphasis being given to the Holy Eucharist , also called Holy Communion, the Lord's Supper or the Mass .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In other words, they see Holy Communion as a memorial to Christ's suffering, and participation in the Eucharist as both a re-enactment of the Last Supper and a foreshadowing of the heavenly banquet – the fulfilment of the Eucharistic promise.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because we are so different, we think you will be interested to know what we are NOT. • We are not in communion with the Church of England or the Episcopal Church, or any of the groups who recently began calling themselves “Anglican.” • We do not ordain women or practicing homosexuals to Holy Orders.

.The Eucharist is central to worship for most Anglicans as a communal offering of prayer and praise in which the life, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ are proclaimed through prayer, reading of the Bible, singing, and the offering of the bread and wine, giving God thanks over them for the innumerable benefits obtained through the passion of Christ, the breaking of the bread, and reception of the body and blood of Christ as instituted at the Last Supper.^ The ‘god’ worshipped by TEC is not the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, as the Scriptures proclaim.
  • Saints and Scholars 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC reform-ireland.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Jesus Christ: seven last words .
  • Parish Library | Saint Thomas's Anglican Church, Toronto 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.stthomas.on.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ God became incarnate in Jesus Christ.

.Whilst many Anglicans celebrate the Eucharist in similar ways to the predominant western Catholic tradition, a considerable degree of liturgical freedom is permitted, and worship styles range from the simple to elaborate.^ Anglicanism is Catholic in every way: 1.
  • A Catholic thinking about becoming an Anglican. - Christian Forums 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.christianforums.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It's not about the Anglican way versus the Catholic way.
  • A Catholic thinking about becoming an Anglican. - Christian Forums 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.christianforums.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Whilst many Anglicans celebrate the Eucharist in similar ways to the predominant western Catholic tradition, a considerable degree of liturgical freedom is permitted, and worship styles range from the simple to elaborate.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Unique to Anglicanism is the Book of Common Prayer (BCP), the collection of services that worshippers in most Anglican churches used for centuries.^ Common Prayer (1928 BCP) .

^ In its modern form Anglicanism has been a religion of 2 books: the Bible and The Book of Common Prayer .

^ Unique to Anglicanism is the Book of Common Prayer (BCP), the collection of services that worshippers in most Anglican churches used for centuries.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It was called common prayer originally because it was intended for use in all Church of England churches which had previously followed differing local liturgies.^ This is, after all, not only what the Church of England does.
  • Dwight Longenecker - Catholic priest and author 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.dwightlongenecker.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In his encyclical Ut Unum Sint Pope John Paul II called for all Christians to re-examine with him the role and ministry of Peter in the Church.
  • Dwight Longenecker - Catholic priest and author 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.dwightlongenecker.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some members include Dioceses that are still within the structure of The Episcopal Church, various bodies that have left at different times over issues as varied as the 1979 Book of Common Prayer, Women's Ordination and now the sexuality controversy.
  • The New Shape of Anglicanism? | Liveblog | Christianity Today 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC blog.christianitytoday.com [Source type: Original source]

.The term was kept when the church became international because all Anglicans used to share in its use around the world.^ The term was kept when the church became international because all Anglicans used to share in its use around the world.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Archbishop Gregory Venables of the Southern Cone of America, called Gene Robinson's election "a slap in the face of the Anglican Church around the world."
  • Episcopal Church Splits Over Gay Equality 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.thenation.com [Source type: News]

^ The latter transformed this faith into its specifically Anglican form, which has been carried around the world as missionaries and English speaking people spread around the globe.

.In 1549, the first Book of Common Prayer was compiled by Thomas Cranmer, who was then Archbishop of Canterbury.^ In 1549, the first Book of Common Prayer was compiled by Thomas Cranmer , who was then Archbishop of Canterbury .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first prayer book, which appeared in 1549 and was largely the work of Archbishop Thomas Cranmer, was a compilation of ancient biblical and Catholic worship.

^ We respect liturgical expression established by Archbishop Thomas Cranmer in 1549, and the 1552 version as set forth by the Act of Uniformity, and other national equivalents so far as the faith is kept entire by them.

.Whilst it has since undergone many revisions and Anglican churches in different countries have developed other service books, the Prayer Book is still acknowledged as one of the ties that bind the Anglican Communion together.^ Relations with other churches - World Anglicanism .
  • Anglicanism -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The difference between the Anglican church and,on the one side, the .
  • Airy Demons: The Third World of Renaissance Pneumatology 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC userwww.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Anglican Communion - What holds the Communion together?

Anglican identity

Development

.By the Elizabethan Settlement, the Churches of England and Ireland had been established through legislation in Parliament; and assumed allegiance and loyalty to the British Crown in all their members.^ See also: History of the Anglican Communion By the Elizabethan Settlement , the Churches of England and Ireland had been established through legislation in Parliament ; and assumed allegiance and loyalty to the British Crown in all their members.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While all for equality privacy and tolerance The Church of England is established one.
  • Lesbian bishop sparks new church row - Americas, World - The Independent 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.independent.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ A coalition of members of the Church of England in the Diocese of Chelmsford drawn from across the Anglo-Catholic, Charismatic and Evangelical traditions.

.However, from the first, the Elizabethan Church began to develop distinct religious traditions; assimilating some of the theology of Reformed churches with the services in the Book of Common Prayer, under the leadership and organisation of a continuing episcopate;[9] and over the years these traditions themselves came to command adherence and loyalty.^ Books for Episcopalians and about the Episcopal Church .
  • Books about the Episcopal Church 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.secaucus.org [Source type: General]

^ However, from the first, the Elizabethan Church began to develop distinct religious traditions; assimilating some of the theology of Reformed churches with the services in the Book of Common Prayer , under the leadership and organisation of a continuing episcopate; [ 9 ] and over the years these traditions themselves came to command adherence and loyalty.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tradition came first.

.Potentially this would create a crisis of identity, were secular and religious loyalties to conflict – and such a crisis indeed occurred in 1776 with the American Declaration of Independence, most of whose signatories were, at least nominally, Anglican.^ Potentially this would create a crisis of identity, were secular and religious loyalties to conflict – and such a crisis indeed occurred in 1776 with the American Declaration of Independence , most of whose signatories were, at least nominally, Anglican.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anglicanism is loosely organized in the Anglican Communion , a worldwide family of religious bodies that represents the offspring of the Church of England and recognizes the archbishop of Canterbury as its nominal head.
  • Anglicanism -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some in this movement, such as Wesley and George Whitefield , took the message to the United States , influencing the First Great Awakening , and created an Anglo-American movement called Methodism that would eventually break away, structurally, from the Anglican churches after the American Revolution.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[10] .For these American Patriots, even the forms of Anglican services were in doubt, since the Prayer Book rites of Matins, Evensong and Holy Communion, all included specific prayers for the British Royal Family.^ For these American Patriots, even the forms of Anglican services were in doubt, since the Prayer Book rites of Matins, Evensong and Holy Communion, all included specific prayers for the British Royal Family.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Evensong at York Minster All Anglican prayer books contain offices for Morning Prayer (Matins) and Evening Prayer (Evensong).
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The latter transformed this faith into its specifically Anglican form, which has been carried around the world as missionaries and English speaking people spread around the globe.

.Consequently, the conclusion of the War of Independence resulted in the creation of two new Anglican churches, The Episcopal Church in the United States of America in those States that had achieved independence; and The Church of England in Canada in those North American colonies remaining under British control and to which many Loyalist churchmen had migrated.^ Consequently, the conclusion of the War of Independence resulted in the creation of two new Anglican churches, The Episcopal Church in the United States of America in those States that had achieved independence; and The Church of England in Canada in those North American colonies remaining under British control and to which many Loyalist churchmen had migrated.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the United States and Scotland the Anglican Church is called Episcopal , and in most of the rest of the world it is called Anglican .
  • Class 10 of a Christian Education Course for People Inquiring about the Christian Faith and the Episcopal Denomination 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.williamgstroop.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Confederation, the union of the British North American colonies of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Canada (Canada being ...

.Reluctantly, legislation was passed in the British Parliament (the Consecration of Bishops Abroad Act 1786) to allow bishops to be consecrated for an American church outside of allegiance to the British Crown (whereas no bishoprics had ever been established in the former American colonies).^ Reluctantly, legislation was passed in the British Parliament (the Consecration of Bishops Abroad Act 1786) to allow bishops to be consecrated for an American church outside of allegiance to the British Crown (whereas no bishoprics had ever been established in the former American colonies).
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1787 the first colonial bishop was consecrated, with jurisdiction over British N. America.
  • Anglican Communion Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Anglican Communion 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It denounced as national apostasy pending legislation of the British Parliament [1] to reduce the number of bishoprics in the Church of Ireland by a process of amalgamation.
  • St Peter's Eastern Hill - Views & Sermons 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.stpeters.org.au [Source type: Original source]

[11] .Both in the United States and in Canada, the new Anglican churches developed novel models of self-government, collective decision-making, and self-supported financing; that would be consistent with separation of religious and secular identities.^ Both in the United States and in Canada, the new Anglican churches developed novel models of self-government, collective decision-making, and self-supported financing; that would be consistent with separation of religious and secular identities.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Following the American Revolution , Anglican congregations in the United States and Canada were each reconstituted into an independent church with their own bishops and self-governing structures; which, through the expansion of the British Empire and the activity of Christian missions , was adopted as the model for many newly formed churches, especially in Africa , Australasia and the regions of the Pacific .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The propriety of this legislation was bitterly contested by the Tractarians , [ 14 ] who in response developed a vision of Anglicanism as religious tradition deriving ultimately from the Ecumenical Councils of the patristic church.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[12]
.In the following century, two further factors acted to accelerate the development of a distinct Anglican identity.^ In the following century, two further factors acted to accelerate the development of a distinct Anglican identity.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The distinction between Reformed and Catholic, and the coherence of the two, is routinely a matter of debate both within specific Anglican Churches and throughout the Anglican Communion by members themselves.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the chapters that follow, I trace the parallel development of projects and discourses as this Anglican globalism has taken shape.
  • Sample Chapter for Hassett, M.: Anglican Communion in Crisis: How Episcopal Dissidents and Their African Allies Are Reshaping Anglicanism. 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC press.princeton.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.From 1828 and 1829, Dissenters and Roman Catholics could be elected to the House of Commons,[13] which consequently ceased to be a body drawn purely from the two established churches; but which nevertheless, over the following ten years, engaged in extensive reforming legislation affecting the interests of the established United Church of England and Ireland.^ From 1828 and 1829, Dissenters and Roman Catholics could be elected to the House of Commons , [ 13 ] which consequently ceased to be a purely Anglican body; but which nevertheless, over the following ten years, engaged in extensive reforming legislation affecting the interests of the established churches of both England and Ireland.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And so, in the Roman Catholic church this process is prescribed.
  • JTSA 101 Anglicanism and Africanisation by Pato 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC web.uct.ac.za [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ordinariates within the Roman Catholic Church .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The propriety of this legislation was bitterly contested by the Tractarians,[14] who in response developed a vision of Anglicanism as religious tradition deriving ultimately from the Ecumenical Councils of the patristic church.^ The propriety of this legislation was bitterly contested by the Tractarians , [ 14 ] who in response developed a vision of Anglicanism as religious tradition deriving ultimately from the Ecumenical Councils of the patristic church.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Biblical reflections and prayers for the eight days An outline for an ecumenical worship service A history and introduction to the Week of Prayer Since 1968, the Week of Prayer for Christian Unity has been jointly coordinated by the Vatican and the World Council of Churches, of which the Anglican Church of Canada is a member.
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]
  • The Anglican Church of Canada | Facebook 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.facebook.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Anglican approach to the Christian sacred narrative is distinctive in its doctrinal diversity, its theological method (scripture, tradition, reason), and its focus on the Church's visible unity.
  • Anglican/Episcopalian Origins, Anglican/Episcopalian History, Anglican/Episcopalian Beliefs 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.patheos.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Those within the Church of England opposed to the Tractarians, and to their revived ritual practices, introduced a stream of Parliamentary Bills aimed to control innovations in worship;[15] but this only made the dilemma more acute, with consequent continual litigation in the secular and ecclesiastical courts.^ Those within the Church of England opposed to the Tractarians, and to their revived ritual practices, introduced a stream of Parliamentary Bills aimed to control innovations in worship; [ 15 ] but this only made the dilemma more acute, with consequent continual litigation in the secular and ecclesiastical courts.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of the glories of the Church of England is its worship.
  • Diocese of Leicester - The Church of England in Leicester and Leicestershire 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.leicester.anglican.org [Source type: News]

^ Lutherans and Calvinists could find similarities and common ground with the bare bones theology of the Articles on most points within an ecclesiastical structure that preserved continuity with the pre-Reformation Church.

.Over the same period Anglican churches engaged vigorously in Christian missions, resulting in the creation, by the end of the century, of over ninety colonial bishoprics;[16] which gradually coalesced into new self-governing churches on the Canadian and American models.^ Over the same period Anglican churches engaged vigorously in Christian missions , resulting in the creation, by the end of the century, of over ninety colonial bishoprics; [ 16 ] which gradually coalesced into new self-governing churches on the Canadian and American models.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Following the American Revolution , Anglican congregations in the United States and Canada were each reconstituted into an independent church with their own bishops and self-governing structures; which, through the expansion of the British Empire and the activity of Christian missions , was adopted as the model for many newly formed churches, especially in Africa , Australasia and the regions of the Pacific .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A bit of what I consider very good news: the All Saints Sisters of the Poor, an Anglican order of sisters whose motherhouse is in Catonsville, Maryland, will be received into the Catholic Church in early September.
  • Standing on My Head: Anglicans and Schism 10 September 2009 21:43 UTC gkupsidedown.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, the case of John William Colenso Bishop of Natal, reinstated in 1865 by the English Judicial Committee of the Privy Council over the heads of the Church in South Africa,[17] demonstrated acutely that the extension of episcopacy had to be accompanied by a recognised Anglican ecclesiology of ecclesiastical authority, distinct from secular power.^ But whilst the Anglican Standing Committee, the Politburo, will not have power over autonomous Churches, it will have authority.

^ However, the case of John William Colenso Bishop of Natal, reinstated in 1865 by the English Judicial Committee of the Privy Council over the heads of the Church in South Africa, [ 17 ] demonstrated acutely that the extension of episcopacy had to be accompanied by a recognised Anglican ecclesiology of ecclesiastical authority, distinct from secular power.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He was one of the earliest opponents of papal authority influencing secular power.

.Consequently, at the instigation of the bishops of Canada and South Africa, the first Lambeth Conference was called in 1867;[18] to be followed by further conferences in 1878 and 1888, and thereafter at ten year intervals.^ So in 1867 he invited bishops from across the world to a conference at Lambeth Palace.
  • Nottingham City Centre Church Group » Lambeth 2008, the future of AnglicanismThe Ecumenical Implications 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.nottinghamchurches.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Consequently, at the instigation of the bishops of Canada and South Africa, the first Lambeth Conference was called in 1867; [ 18 ] to be followed by further conferences in 1878 and 1888, and thereafter at ten year intervals.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Primates' meeting next year, and the Lambeth Conference in 2008, must take extensive counsel, but, as is well known, these are not authoritative decision making bodies.

.The various papers and declarations of successive Lambeth Conferences, have served to frame the continued Anglican debate on identity, especially as relating to the possibility of ecumenical discussion with other churches.^ Relations with other churches - World Anglicanism .
  • Anglicanism -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The various papers and declarations of successive Lambeth Conferences, have served to frame the continued Anglican debate on identity, especially as relating to the possibility of ecumenical discussion with other churches.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Internal developments - Relations with other churches .
  • Anglicanism -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This ecumenical aspiration became much more of a possibility, as other denominational groups rapidly followed the example of the Anglican Communion in founding their own transnational alliances: the Alliance of Reformed Churches, the Ecumenical Methodist Council, the International Congregational Council, and the Baptist World Alliance.^ This ecumenical aspiration became much more of a possibility, as other denominational groups rapidly followed the example of the Anglican Communion in founding their own transnational alliances: the Alliance of Reformed Churches , the Ecumenical Methodist Council , the International Congregational Council , and the Baptist World Alliance .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Every Anglican Church throughout the world holds to, or is supposed to hold to, the following: .

^ See more pictures of Anglican Communion .
  • Anglican Communion Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Anglican Communion 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Theories of Anglican identity

.In their rejection of absolute parliamentary authority, the Tractarians – and in particular John Henry Newman – looked back to the writings of 17th century Anglican divines, finding in these texts the idea of the English church as a via media between the Protestant and Catholic traditions.^ Anglican tradition has been liberal and Catholic and evangelical for several centuries.
  • Anglicanism and Global Affairs: The Windsor Report and Beyond 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC pewforum.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The glory of the English Church is, that it has taken the VIA MEDIA, as it has been called.

^ In their rejection of absolute parliamentary authority, the Tractarians – and in particular John Henry Newman – looked back to the writings of 17th century Anglican divines, finding in these texts the idea of the English church as a via media between the Protestant and Roman Catholic traditions.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[19] .This view was associated – especially in the writings of Edward Bouverie Pusey – with the theory of Anglicanism as one of three "branches" (alongside the Roman Catholic and Orthodox churches) historically arising out of the common tradition of the earliest Ecumenical Councils.^ But the Anglican Church is basically and inherently catholic.
  • St Peter's Eastern Hill - Views & Sermons 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.stpeters.org.au [Source type: Original source]

^ And so, in the Roman Catholic church this process is prescribed.
  • JTSA 101 Anglicanism and Africanisation by Pato 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC web.uct.ac.za [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He is venerated as a saint and martyr by both the Roman Catholic Church and the Anglican Church .

.Newman himself subsequently rejected the theory of the via media, as essentially historicist and static; and hence unable to accommodate any dynamic development within the church.^ Have Anglicans lost their commitment to the via media , epitomized by the Elizabethan Settlement, which somehow declared a truce between Puritan and Catholic sentiments in the Church of England?
  • What Is Anglicanism? | First Things 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.firstthings.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Have Anglicans lost their commitment to the via media, epitomized by the Elizabethan Settlement, which somehow declared a truce between Puritan and Catholic sentiments in the Church of England?

^ The glory of the English Church is, that it has taken the VIA MEDIA, as it has been called.

[19] .Nevertheless, the aspiration to ground Anglican identity in the writings of the 17th century divines, and in faithfulness to the traditions of the Church Fathers reflects a continuing theme of Anglican ecclesiology, most recently in the writings of Henry Robert McAdoo.^ Anglican writings commonly seek to locate Anglican identity in the tradition's history.
  • Anglican/Episcopalian Origins, Anglican/Episcopalian History, Anglican/Episcopalian Beliefs 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.patheos.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nevertheless, the aspiration to ground Anglican identity in the writings of the 17th century divines, and in faithfulness to the traditions of the Church Fathers reflects a continuing theme of Anglican ecclesiology, most recently in the writings of Henry Robert McAdoo .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anglicanism: Encyclopedia II - Anglicanism - Origins See also: History of the Church of England While Anglicans acknowledge that the schism from papal authority under Henry VIII of England led to the Church of England existing as a separate entity, they also stress its continuity with the pre-Reformation Church of England.

[20]
.The Tractarian formulation of the theory of the via media was essentially a party platform, and not acceptable to Anglicans outside the confines of the Oxford Movement.^ The Tractarian formulation of the theory of the via media was essentially a party platform, and not acceptable to Anglicans outside the confines of the Oxford Movement .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Have Anglicans lost their commitment to the via media , epitomized by the Elizabethan Settlement, which somehow declared a truce between Puritan and Catholic sentiments in the Church of England?
  • What Is Anglicanism? | First Things 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.firstthings.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The history of Anglican pluralism derives from the intrinsic difficulty of defining such a via media , and from the resultant need to leave wide open a wide latitude in the construing of doctrine.
  • Especially for Inquirers: For Anglicans 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.orthodoxinfo.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, the theory of the via media was reworked in the ecclesiological writings of Frederick Denison Maurice, in a more dynamic form that became widely influential.^ However, the theory of the via media was reworked in the ecclesiological writings of Frederick Denison Maurice , in a more dynamic form that became widely influential.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The history of Anglican pluralism derives from the intrinsic difficulty of defining such a via media , and from the resultant need to leave wide open a wide latitude in the construing of doctrine.
  • Especially for Inquirers: For Anglicans 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.orthodoxinfo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, it seems closer to the truth to suggest that if the idea of a via media is helpful at all it should be understood as between Rome and Münster.
  • Theological Theology: What does it mean to be Anglican? IV 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC markdthompson.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Both Maurice and Newman saw the Church of England of their day as sorely deficient in faith; but whereas Newman had looked back to a distant past when the light of faith might have appeared to burn brighter, Maurice looked forward to the possibility of a brighter revelation of faith in the future.^ Both Maurice and Newman saw the Church of England of their day as sorely deficient in faith; but whereas Newman had looked back to a distant past when the light of faith might have appeared to burn brighter, Maurice looked forward to the possibility of a brighter revelation of faith in the future.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In September, however, the Anglican Church of Nigeria removed explicit references to being in communion with the Church of England from its constitution, again raising the possibility of a schism in the Anglican Communion.
  • Anglican Communion Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Anglican Communion 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "This is Part II of 3 of Richard Field's famous analsyis and exposition of what constitutes a Christian Church in light of Counter-Reformational claims that the Church of England was not a true church."
  • Amazon.com: Classic Anglicanism 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

.Maurice saw the Protestant and Catholic strands within the Church of England as contrary but complementary, both maintaining elements of the true church, but incomplete without the other; such that a true catholic and evangelical church might come into being by a union of opposites.^ Two opposites cannot be both true.

^ Ordinariates within the Roman Catholic Church .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Maurice saw the Protestant and Catholic strands within the Church of England as contrary but complementary, both maintaining elements of the true church, but incomplete without the other; such that a true catholic and evangelical church might come into being by a union of opposites.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[21] .Central to Maurice's perspective, is his belief that the collective elements of family, nation and church represent a divine order of structures through which God unfolds his continuing work of creation.^ Central to Maurice's perspective, is his belief that the collective elements of family, nation and church represent a divine order of structures through which God unfolds his continuing work of creation.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Historic Episcopate, locally adapted in the methods of its administration to the varying needs of the nations and peoples called of God into the unity of his Church.
  • Nottingham City Centre Church Group » Lambeth 2008, the future of AnglicanismThe Ecumenical Implications 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.nottinghamchurches.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Did He not refer to the Creation Order instituted by God Himself: He referred to the cleaving of a man to his wife!
  • The New Shape of Anglicanism? | Liveblog | Christianity Today 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC blog.christianitytoday.com [Source type: Original source]

.Hence, for Maurice, the Protestant tradition has maintained the elements of national distinction which are amongst the marks of the true universal church, but which have been lost within Roman Catholicism in the internationalism of centralised Papal Authority.^ Ordinariates within the Roman Catholic Church .
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^ Hence, for Maurice, the Protestant tradition has maintained the elements of national distinction which are amongst the marks of the true universal church, but which have been lost within Roman Catholicism in the internationalism of centralised Papal Authority.
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^ "Special attention is given to Anglicanism's relation to continental Protestants who lack episcopacy as well as Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy.
  • Amazon.com: Classic Anglicanism 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

.Within the coming universal church that Maurice foresaw, national churches would each maintain the six signs of Catholicity: baptism, Eucharist, the creeds, Scripture, an episcopally ordered ministry, and a fixed liturgy (which could take a variety of forms in accordance with divinely ordained distinctions in national characteristics).^ Thirdly, the Church is Catholic , which means it is universal.
  • Nottingham City Centre Church Group » Lambeth 2008, the future of AnglicanismThe Ecumenical Implications 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.nottinghamchurches.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Ordinariates within the Roman Catholic Church .
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^ What would be lost if The Episcopal Church pulled ...
  • An Inch At A Time: Reflections on the Journey: "THE TRULY ORTHODOX ANGLICANS" 10 September 2009 21:43 UTC inchatatime.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

[19] Not surprisingly, this vision of a becoming universal church as a congregation of autonomous national churches, proved highly congenial in Anglican circles; and Maurice's six signs were adapted to form the Chicago-Lambeth Quadrilateral of 1888.[22]
.In the latter decades of the 20th century, Maurice's theory, and the various strands of Anglican thought that derived from it, have been criticised by Stephen Sykes;[23] who argues that the terms Protestant and Catholic as used in these approaches are synthetic constructs denoting ecclesiastic identities unacceptable to those to whom the labels are applied.^ In the latter decades of the 20th century, Maurice's theory, and the various strands of Anglican thought that derived from it, have been criticised by Stephen Sykes ; [ 23 ] who argues that the terms Protestant and Catholic as used in these approaches are synthetic constructs denoting ecclesiastic identities unacceptable to those to whom the labels are applied.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Theories of Anglican identity .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The clergy is a term applied widely across many religions, while clergyman has connotations at least of Protestantism: while a priest might be Catholic, Anglo-Catholic or Orthodox Christian.

.Hence, the Roman Catholic Church does not regard itself as a party or strand within the universal church – but rather identifies itself as the universal church.^ Thirdly, the Church is Catholic , which means it is universal.
  • Nottingham City Centre Church Group » Lambeth 2008, the future of AnglicanismThe Ecumenical Implications 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.nottinghamchurches.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And so, in the Roman Catholic church this process is prescribed.
  • JTSA 101 Anglicanism and Africanisation by Pato 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC web.uct.ac.za [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ordinariates within the Roman Catholic Church .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Moreover, Sykes criticises the proposition, implicit in theories of via media, that there is no distinctive body of Anglican doctrine, other than those of the universal church; accusing this of being an excuse not to undertake systematic doctrine at all.^ There was no personal grudge against Anglicanism involved at all.
  • Ruth Gledhill - Times Online - WBLG: Muslim gunman shouts 'Allahu Akbar' before 13 shot dead 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC timescolumns.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Is there an Anglican Church at a universal level?

^ [Anglican] church is revealed as not being inclusive at all.
  • Ruth Gledhill - Times Online - WBLG: Muslim gunman shouts 'Allahu Akbar' before 13 shot dead 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC timescolumns.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

[24] .Contrariwise, Sykes notes a high degree of commonality in Anglican liturgical forms, and in the doctrinal understandings expressed within those liturgies.^ Contrariwise, Sykes notes a high degree of commonality in Anglican liturgical forms, and in the doctrinal understandings expressed within those liturgies.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Moreover, Sykes criticises the proposition, implicit in theories of via media , that there is no distinctive body of Anglican doctrine, other than those of the universal church; accusing this of being an excuse not to undertake systematic doctrine at all.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Early Anglicanism was influenced by doctrines associated with the Protestant Reformation, especially the Reformed branch, and also by the polity and liturgy of pre-Reformation western Christianity.
  • Anglican/Episcopalian Origins, Anglican/Episcopalian History, Anglican/Episcopalian Beliefs 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.patheos.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He proposes that Anglican identity might rather be found within a shared consistent pattern of prescriptive liturgies, established and maintained through canon law, and embodying both a historic deposit of formal statements of doctrine, and also framing the regular reading and proclamation of scripture.^ He proposes that Anglican identity might rather be found within a shared consistent pattern of prescriptive liturgies, established and maintained through canon law, and embodying both a historic deposit of formal statements of doctrine, and also framing the regular reading and proclamation of scripture.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The problem with this "family likeness" is that it is difficult to find anything doctrinal about it; the focus is formation of Anglican identity, unity and belonging based on "commitment to daily prayer, to systematic scripture reading, to praying the psalms and canticles, to regular credal confession of the faith, and to intercessory prayer for one another and for the needs of the world."

^ From his office at the University of Alberta, he contacted experts, read everything he could on the subject and studied the scriptures intensely for two years, rebuilding his own identity in the process.

[25] Sykes nevertheless agrees with those heirs of Maurice who emphasise the incompleteness of Anglicanism as a positive feature, and quotes with qualified approval the words of Michael Ramsay:
.
For while the Anglican church is vindicated by its place in history, with a strikingly balanced witness to Gospel and Church and sound learning, its greater vindication lies in its pointing through its own history to something of which it is a fragment.^ As Michael Ramsey wrote more than half a century ago, while the Anglican Church is vindicated by its place in history, with a strikingly balanced witness to gospel and Church and sound learning, its greater vindication lies in its pointing through its own history to something of which it is a fragment.
  • Class 10 of a Christian Education Course for People Inquiring about the Christian Faith and the Episcopal Denomination 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.williamgstroop.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For while the Anglican church is vindicated by its place in history, with a strikingly balanced witness to Gospel and Church and sound learning, its greater vindication lies in its pointing through its own history to something of which it is a fragment.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The experiences I have had overseas this year have reinforced at every point the duty we owe to play a part in the defence of the gospel far beyond our own shores.” .
  • Anglicanism's new holy warriors | Mary Ann Sieghart - Times Online 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: News]

.Its credentials are its incompleteness, with the tension and the travail of its soul.^ Its credentials are its incompleteness, with the tension and travail in its soul.
  • Class 10 of a Christian Education Course for People Inquiring about the Christian Faith and the Episcopal Denomination 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.williamgstroop.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Its credentials are its incompleteness, with the tension and the travail of its soul.
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.It is clumsy and untidy, it baffles neatness and logic.^ It is clumsy and untidy, it baffles neatness and logic.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Class 10 of a Christian Education Course for People Inquiring about the Christian Faith and the Episcopal Denomination 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.williamgstroop.com [Source type: Original source]

.For it is not sent to commend itself as ‘the best type of Christianity,’ but by its very brokenness to point to the universal Church wherein all have died.^ For it is sent not to commend itself as ‘the best type of Christianity’, but by its very brokenness to point to the universal Church wherein all have died.
  • Class 10 of a Christian Education Course for People Inquiring about the Christian Faith and the Episcopal Denomination 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.williamgstroop.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For it is not sent to commend itself as ‘the best type of Christianity,’ but by its very brokenness to point to the universal Church wherein all have died.
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^ All that we know about Stephen the Protomartyr (that is, the first martyr of the Christian Church) is found in chapters 6 and 7 of the Book of Acts.

[26]

Doctrine

Catholic and Reformed

.In the time of Henry VIII the nature of Anglicanism was based on questions of jurisdiction – specifically, the belief of the Crown that national churches should be autonomous – rather than theological disagreement.^ In the time of Henry VIII the nature of Anglicanism was based on questions of jurisdiction – specifically, the belief of the Crown that national churches should be autonomous – rather than theological disagreement.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Looks at what lead a group of Aboriginal Anglican leaders to take the unprecedented step of covenanting together to build an autonomous Aboriginal church, in partnership with the rest of the Canadian Anglican Church and what this means for the Church.
  • Theological Guide - Trinity College in the University of Toronto 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.trinity.utoronto.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anglicanism: Encyclopedia II - Anglicanism - Origins See also: History of the Church of England While Anglicans acknowledge that the schism from papal authority under Henry VIII of England led to the Church of England existing as a separate entity, they also stress its continuity with the pre-Reformation Church of England.

.The effort to create a national church in legal continuity with its traditions, but inclusive of certain doctrinal and liturgical beliefs of the Reformers, was joined by a real concern to make the institution as hospitable as possible to people of different theological inclinations, so as to maintain social peace and cohesion.^ The effort to create a national church in legal continuity with its traditions, but inclusive of certain doctrinal and liturgical beliefs of the Reformers , was joined by a real concern to make the institution as hospitable as possible to people of different theological inclinations, so as to maintain social peace and cohesion.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The outcome was a unique blend of mainly Reformed Protestant doctrinal positions with Catholic-influenced forms, such as highly liturgical worship and an episcopal (that is, bishop-led) institutional structure.
  • Anglican/Episcopalian Origins, Anglican/Episcopalian History, Anglican/Episcopalian Beliefs 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.patheos.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the previous class, we talked about the church calendar, liturgical vestments, and prayer as viewed from the Episcopal tradition, and as informed by the Book of Common Prayer.
  • Class 10 of a Christian Education Course for People Inquiring about the Christian Faith and the Episcopal Denomination 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.williamgstroop.com [Source type: Original source]

.The result has been a movement with a distinctive self-image among Christian movements.^ The result has been a movement with a distinctive self-image among Christian movements.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The question often arises as to whether the Anglican Communion should be identified as a Protestant or Catholic church, or perhaps as a distinct branch of Christianity altogether.^ The question often arises as to whether the Anglican Communion should be identified as a Protestant or Catholic church, or perhaps as a distinct branch of Christianity altogether.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This begs the question: what is the doctrine of the Episcopal Church, or even the Anglican Communion?

^ I also began to see that the Anglican church was not Catholic.
  • Finally Catholic! My Conversion to the Catholic Church 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.ancient-future.net [Source type: Original source]

.The official position of the Anglican Communion is that, like the Roman Catholic and Orthodox communions, it is a full and distinct branch of the "One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic Church," created by Christ.^ Actually, that’s more of an Orthodox position than a Catholic one.

^ The Anglican Communion and the Catholic church (of which the Roman Catholic church is by far the largest portion)......etc .
  • The crisis in Anglicanism | National Catholic Reporter 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC ncronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And so, in the Roman Catholic church this process is prescribed.
  • JTSA 101 Anglicanism and Africanisation by Pato 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC web.uct.ac.za [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]
.The distinction between Reformed and Catholic, and the coherence of the two, is routinely a matter of debate both within specific Anglican Churches and throughout the Anglican Communion by members themselves.^ The distinction between Reformed and Catholic, and the coherence of the two, is routinely a matter of debate both within specific Anglican Churches and throughout the Anglican Communion by members themselves.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If an Anglican church is a member of the Anglican Communion, it is said to be "in communion", or "in communion with the See of Canterbury".
  • Class 10 of a Christian Education Course for People Inquiring about the Christian Faith and the Episcopal Denomination 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.williamgstroop.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The great majority of Anglicans are members of churches which are part of the international Anglican Communion .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Since the Oxford Movement of the mid-19th century, many Churches of the Communion have revived and extended liturgical and pastoral practices similar to Roman Catholic theology.^ And so, in the Roman Catholic church this process is prescribed.
  • JTSA 101 Anglicanism and Africanisation by Pato 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC web.uct.ac.za [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ordinariates within the Roman Catholic Church .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since the Oxford Movement of the mid-19th century, many Churches of the Communion have revived and extended liturgical and pastoral practices similar to Roman Catholic theology.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This extends beyond the ceremony of High Church services to even more theologically significant territory, such as sacramental theology (see Anglican sacraments).^ Sat at 8:06am See more notes The Anglican Church of Canada's Notes .
  • The Anglican Church of Canada | Facebook 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.facebook.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Wesley wanted to be High Church Anglican.
  • carter 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.acu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This extends beyond the ceremony of High Church services to even more theologically significant territory, such as sacramental theology (see Anglican sacraments ).
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.While Anglo-Catholic practices, particularly liturgical ones, have resurfaced and become more common within the tradition over the last century, there remain many places where practices and beliefs remain on the more Reformed or Evangelical side (see Sydney Anglicanism).^ This was also true for both sides of the Evangelical/Catholic debate within nineteenth-century Anglicanism.
  • St. Barnabas Anglican Church, Bellville Texas 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC stbarnabasrec.org [Source type: Original source]

^ While Anglo-Catholic practices, particularly liturgical ones, have resurfaced and become more common within the tradition over the last century, there remain many places where practices and beliefs remain on the more Reformed or Evangelical side (see Sydney Anglicanism ).
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While there are high church , broad church , and low church Continuing Anglicans, many Continuing churches are Anglo-Catholic with highly ceremonial liturgical practices.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Guiding principles

Richard Hooker (1554–1600), one of the most influential figures in shaping Anglican theology and self-identity
.For 'High Church' Anglicans, doctrine is neither established by a magisterium, nor derived from the theology of an eponymous founder (such as Calvinism), nor summed up in a confession of faith beyond the ecumenical creeds (such as the Lutheran Book of Concord).^ Richard Hooker (1554–1600), one of the most influential figures in shaping Anglican theology and self-identity For 'High Church' Anglicans, doctrine is neither established by a magisterium , nor derived from the theology of an eponymous founder (such as Lutheranism or Calvinism ), nor summed up in a confession of faith (beyond those of the creeds ).
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Wesley wanted to be High Church Anglican.
  • carter 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.acu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The propriety of this legislation was bitterly contested by the Tractarians , [ 14 ] who in response developed a vision of Anglicanism as religious tradition deriving ultimately from the Ecumenical Councils of the patristic church.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For them, the earliest Anglican theological documents are its prayer books, which they see as the products of profound theological reflection, compromise, and synthesis.^ For them, the earliest Anglican theological documents are its prayer books, which they see as the products of profound theological reflection, compromise, and synthesis.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They "will see" dual purpose; denigrate a woman (as is your wont) and spread malicious libel on Anglican clergy.
  • Ruth Gledhill - Times Online - WBLG: Muslim gunman shouts 'Allahu Akbar' before 13 shot dead 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC timescolumns.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In England, the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and some other Anglican provinces the modern prayer books contain four offices: .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They emphasise the Book of Common Prayer as a key expression of Anglican doctrine.^ The 1596 Book of Common Prayer The Book of Common Prayer (BCP) is the foundational prayer book of Anglicanism.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They emphasise the Book of Common Prayer as a key expression of Anglican doctrine.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The theology of the Book of Common Prayer (which itself is now no longer a single standard text and thus has been a blow to the key aspect of Anglican unity--praying together) is a complex, perhaps ulitmately incoherent, attempt to layer traditional Catholic theologies onto a Calvinistic base.
  • The crisis in Anglicanism | National Catholic Reporter 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC ncronline.org [Source type: Original source]

.The principle of looking to the prayer books as a guide to the parameters of belief and practice is called by the Latin name lex orandi, lex credendi ("the law of prayer is the law of belief").^ The principle of looking to the prayer books as a guide to the parameters of belief and practice is called by the Latin name lex orandi, lex credendi ("the law of prayer is the law of belief").
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This was soon after followed by a Book of Common Prayer , with a Communion Service entirely taking the place of the Latin Mass.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Anglicanism 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This was soon after followed by a Book of Common Prayer, with a Communion Service entirely taking the place of the Latin Mass.
  • Anglicanism - Catholic Encyclopedia - Catholic Online 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.catholic.org [Source type: Original source]

.Within the prayer books are the fundamentals of Anglican doctrine: The Apostles' and Nicene Creeds, the Athanasian Creed (rarely recited today), the scriptures (via the lectionary), the sacraments, daily prayer, the catechism, and apostolic succession in the context of the historic threefold ministry.^ Is the Anglican Church left to claim only a doctrine of historic succession?

^ Within the prayer books are the fundamentals of Anglican doctrine: The Apostles' and Nicene Creeds , the Athanasian Creed (rarely recited today), the scriptures (via the lectionary), the sacraments, daily prayer, the catechism , and apostolic succession in the context of the historic threefold ministry.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In recent years the prayer books of several provinces have, out of deference to a greater agreement with Eastern Conciliarism (and a perceived greater respect accorded Anglicanism by Eastern Orthodoxy than by Roman Catholicism), instituted a number of historically Eastern and Oriental Orthodox elements in their liturgies, including introduction of the Trisagion and deletion of the filioque clause from the Nicene Creed .
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.For some 'Low Church' Anglicans, the sixteenth-century Reformed Thirty-Nine Articles form the basis of doctrine.^ Main article: Anglican doctrine Catholic and Reformed .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From Thomas Cranmer to Richard Hooker, from the Thirty-Nine Articles and the 1662 Ordinal to the 1998 Lambeth Conference, the authority of Holy Scripture has always held a central and foundational role in Anglican identity.
  • What Is Anglicanism 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.resurrection.org [Source type: Original source]
  • What Is Anglicanism? | First Things 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.firstthings.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Furthermore, the interior schisms of the Anglican Church - Low Church, High Church, Broad Church, Reformed Anglican Church, and Episcopalians, among others - seem to contest the fact that it is indeed an integral part of the "subsisting Church", as defined by Benedict XVl.
  • The crisis in Anglicanism | National Catholic Reporter 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC ncronline.org [Source type: Original source]

Specific Anglican Beliefs
.The Thirty-Nine Articles initially played a significant role in Anglican doctrine and practice.^ But what of the chief doctrinal formulary of the period, the Thirty-nine Articles of Religion?
  • Theological Theology: What does it mean to be Anglican? IV 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC markdthompson.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From Thomas Cranmer to Richard Hooker, from the Thirty-Nine Articles and the 1662 Ordinal to the 1998 Lambeth Conference, the authority of Holy Scripture has always held a central and foundational role in Anglican identity.
  • What Is Anglicanism 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.resurrection.org [Source type: Original source]
  • What Is Anglicanism? | First Things 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.firstthings.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A half dozen or so of the articles differentiate the Anglican church from Rome, but more than thirty of them are beautiful statements of traditional Christian orthodoxy.

.Following the passing of the 1604 Canons, all Anglican clergy had to formally subscribe to the Articles.^ Following the passing of the 1604 Canons, all Anglican clergy had to formally subscribe to the Articles.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Thirty-Nine Articles of Religion are a Reformed confession of faith and binding upon all Anglicans .

^ Clergy and laity from all Anglican churchmanship traditions have been active in the formation of the Continuing movement.
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.Today, however, the articles are no longer binding, but are seen as a historical document that has played a significant role in the shaping of Anglican identity.^ Today, however, the articles are no longer binding, but are seen as a historical document that has played a significant role in the shaping of Anglican identity.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Commenting is no longer available on this article.
  • A New Anglicanism | Culture analysis | Sydneyanglicans.net 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.sydneyanglicans.net [Source type: General]

^ From Thomas Cranmer to Richard Hooker, from the Thirty-Nine Articles and the 1662 Ordinal to the 1998 Lambeth Conference, the authority of Holy Scripture has always held a central and foundational role in Anglican identity.

.The degree to which each of the Articles has remained influential varies.^ The degree to which each of the Articles has remained influential varies.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On the doctrine of justification, for example, there is a wide range of beliefs within the Anglican Communion.^ The world wide Anglican Communion.
  • Class 10 of a Christian Education Course for People Inquiring about the Christian Faith and the Episcopal Denomination 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.williamgstroop.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We deem this commitment to be of the utmost importance, especially at such time as this, when tensions and stresses within the Anglican Communion are at a high level.
  • Anglican Communion News Service: Afro-Anglicanism conference ends; issues pact reflecting ubuntu 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.anglicancommunion.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since the 1960s there has been a sharp decline in the number of professed religious in most parts of the Anglican Communion, especially in North America , Europe , and Australia .
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.Many Anglo-Catholics align themselves more with Roman Catholicism, emphasizing the importance of a faith with works (see New Perspective on Paul and N.T. Wright.^ Despite explicit criticism in the Thirty-Nine Articles , many High Church or Anglo-Catholic Anglicans hold, more or less, the Roman Catholic view of the Real Presence, as expressed in the doctrine of transubstantiation , seeing the Eucharist as a liturgical representation of Christ's atoning sacrifice with the elements actually transformed into Christ's Body and Blood.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anglo-Catholic (and some Broad Church) Anglicans celebrate public liturgy in ways that understand worship to be something very special and of utmost importance.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I am a former Anglo-Catholic, who became a Roman Catholic about 6 years ago.
  • Archbishop Rowan Williams admits future of Anglicanism is 'chaotic' – Telegraph Blogs 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC blogs.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: General]

) .At the same time, however, many Evangelical Anglicans ascribe to the Reformed emphasis on Sola fide in their doctrine of justification (see Sydney Anglicanism.^ Evangelical Anglicans point more to the more Reformed Thirty Nine Articles , with their insistence on justification by faith alone and their hostility to the Roman Catholic Church (see Anti-Catholicism ).
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I remain zealously committed to the fervent hope that it’s actually possible to be fully and genuinely evangelical, catholic, and charismatic, and to be all of them at the same time.
  • Stand Firm | Dean Munday: Healing the Fault Lines in Christianity 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.standfirminfaith.com [Source type: General]

^ This emphasis is not unique to Uganda; it is a part of historic Anglicanism, especially in its Reformation heritage and the evangelical tradition.
  • What Is Anglicanism 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.resurrection.org [Source type: Original source]
  • What Is Anglicanism? | First Things 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.firstthings.com [Source type: Original source]

) .Arguably, the most influential of the original Articles has been Article VI on the sufficiency of Scripture, which states that Scripture containeth all things necessary to salvation: so that whatsoever is not read therein, nor may be proved thereby, is not to be required of any man, that it should be believed as an article of the Faith, or be thought requisite or necessary to salvation. This article has informed Anglican biblical exegesis and hermeneutics since earliest times.^ Read the Anglican Journal's article here .

^ They hold the Scriptures to be the sole and supreme rule of faith , in the sense that the Scriptures contain all things necessary to salvation and that nothing can be required of anyone as an article of faith which is not contained therein, and cannot be proved thereby.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Anglicanism 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They were all members of the Church of England, whose Anglican faith informed their thought.
  • Books about the Episcopal Church 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.secaucus.org [Source type: General]

.Anglicans look for authority in their "standard divines" (see below).^ Anglicans look for authority in their "standard divines" (see below).
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Finally, the Anglican Communion in some sense sees the historic episcopate as a source of authority.

^ But in his final despair about the coherence of Anglican authority he, from his mid-19th century perspective, could not see one possible feature of Anglican authority: the councils of the church.
  • “Toward an Anglican Theology in the Spirit of Windsor” 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www2.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]

.Historically, the most influential of these – apart from Cranmer – has been the sixteenth century cleric and theologian Richard Hooker who after 1660 was increasingly portrayed as the founding father of Anglicanism.^ Historically, the most influential of these – apart from Cranmer – has been the sixteenth century cleric and theologian Richard Hooker who after 1660 was increasingly portrayed as the founding father of Anglicanism.
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^ From Thomas Cranmer to Richard Hooker, from the Thirty-Nine Articles and the 1662 Ordinal to the 1998 Lambeth Conference, the authority of Holy Scripture has always held a central and foundational role in Anglican identity.

^ Richard Hooker (1554–1600), one of the most influential figures in shaping Anglican theology and self-identity For 'High Church' Anglicans, doctrine is neither established by a magisterium , nor derived from the theology of an eponymous founder (such as Lutheranism or Calvinism ), nor summed up in a confession of faith (beyond those of the creeds ).
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.Hooker's description of Anglican authority as being derived primarily from Scripture, informed by reason (the intellect and the experience of God) and tradition (the practices and beliefs of the historical church), has influenced Anglican self-identity and doctrinal reflection perhaps more powerfully than any other formula.^ Hooker's description of Anglican authority as being derived primarily from Scripture, informed by reason (the intellect and the experience of God) and tradition (the practices and beliefs of the historical church), has influenced Anglican self-identity and doctrinal reflection perhaps more powerfully than any other formula.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Anglican Church is instead unified by tradition, belief, and agreement.
  • Class 10 of a Christian Education Course for People Inquiring about the Christian Faith and the Episcopal Denomination 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.williamgstroop.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The relationship among Scripture, reason, and tradition as sources of authority has long vexed Anglicans.
  • St. Barnabas Anglican Church, Bellville Texas 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC stbarnabasrec.org [Source type: Original source]

.The analogy of the "three-legged stool" of scripture, reason, and tradition is often incorrectly attributed to Hooker.^ The analogy of the "three-legged stool" of scripture , reason , and tradition is often incorrectly attributed to Hooker.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What is the truth in terms of Scripture, Reason and Tradition?
  • Albert Mohler : The Collapse of Anglicanism - Townhall.com 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC townhall.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Scripture, reason and tradition have been described as a three-legged stool on which sit Anglican authority and method.

.Rather Hooker's description is a hierarchy of authority, with scripture as foundational, and reason and tradition as vitally important, but secondary, authorities.^ Rather Hooker's description is a hierarchy of authority, with scripture as foundational, and reason and tradition as vitally important, but secondary, authorities.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Rather, Scripture provides the standard for tradition.
  • St. Barnabas Anglican Church, Bellville Texas 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC stbarnabasrec.org [Source type: Original source]

^ What is the truth in terms of Scripture, Reason and Tradition?
  • Albert Mohler : The Collapse of Anglicanism - Townhall.com 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC townhall.com [Source type: Original source]

.Finally, the extension of Anglicanism into non-English cultures, the growing diversity of prayer books, and the increasing interest in ecumenical dialogue, has led to further reflection on the parameters of the Anglican identity.^ Finally, the extension of Anglicanism into non-English cultures, the growing diversity of prayer books, and the increasing interest in ecumenical dialogue, has led to further reflection on the parameters of the Anglican identity.
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^ His legacy is his contribution to the shape and structure of English speech and, through his Prayer Book, to the moulding of an international language and the theology it expressed.
  • Books about the Episcopal Church 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.secaucus.org [Source type: General]

^ Biblical reflections and prayers for the eight days An outline for an ecumenical worship service A history and introduction to the Week of Prayer Since 1968, the Week of Prayer for Christian Unity has been jointly coordinated by the Vatican and the World Council of Churches, of which the Anglican Church of Canada is a member.
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]
  • The Anglican Church of Canada | Facebook 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.facebook.com [Source type: Original source]

.Many Anglicans look to the Chicago-Lambeth Quadrilateral of 1888 as the "sine qua non" of Communal identity.^ Many Anglicans look to the Chicago-Lambeth Quadrilateral of 1888 as the " sine qua non " of Communal identity.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Chicago-Lambeth Quadrilateral 1886/1888 .
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]
  • The Anglican Church of Canada | Facebook 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.facebook.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Chicago-Lambeth Quadrilateral of 1886/1888 .
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]
  • The Anglican Church of Canada | Facebook 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.facebook.com [Source type: Original source]

[27] .In brief, the Quadrilateral's four points are the Holy Scriptures, as containing all things necessary to salvation; the Creeds (specifically, the Apostles' and Nicene Creeds), as the sufficient statement of Christian faith; the dominical sacraments of Baptism and Holy Communion; and the historic episcopate.^ Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments as containing all things necessary for salvation and as being the rule and ultimate standard of faith[4].
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]
  • The Anglican Church of Canada | Facebook 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.facebook.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Apostles' Creed, as the baptismal symbol; and the Nicene Creed, as the sufficient statement of the Christian faith[5].
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]
  • The Anglican Church of Canada | Facebook 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.facebook.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Anglicans understand the Apostles' Creed as the baptismal symbol, and the Nicene Creed as the sufficient statement of the Christian faith .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[27]

Anglican divines

.Within the Anglican tradition, there have been certain theological writers whose works have been considered standards for faith, doctrine, worship, and spirituality.^ See also: John Donne , George Herbert , and William Laud William Laud Within the Anglican tradition, there have been certain theological writers whose works have been considered standards for faith, doctrine, worship, and spirituality.
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^ However, the very existence of extremist Low Church elements within the Church of England that seemed to stand for the very things the Puritan movement stood for argues for a certain doctrinal incoherence within Anglicanism during this period.

^ These churches generally believe that traditional forms of Anglican faith and worship have been unacceptably revised or abandoned within some Anglican Communion churches in recent decades and thus claim that they are "continuing" the traditional forms of Anglicanism.
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.While there is no authoritative list of these Anglican divines, there are some whose names would likely be found on most lists – those who are commemorated in lesser feasts of the Church, and those whose works are frequently anthologised.^ While there is no authoritative list of these Anglican divines, there are some whose names would likely be found on most lists – those who are commemorated in lesser feasts of the Church, and those whose works are frequently anthologised .
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^ It’s what the RC church would still like to do is it not?.
  • Archbishop Rowan Williams admits future of Anglicanism is 'chaotic' – Telegraph Blogs 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC blogs.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ In some sense these are all Anglican churches, and most of them are part of the Anglican Church.
  • Class 10 of a Christian Education Course for People Inquiring about the Christian Faith and the Episcopal Denomination 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.williamgstroop.com [Source type: Original source]

[28]
.The corpus produced by Anglican divines is diverse.^ The corpus produced by Anglican divines is diverse.
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.What they have in common is a commitment to the faith as conveyed by Scripture and the Book of Common Prayer, thus regarding prayer and theology in a manner akin to that of the Apostolic Fathers.^ What they have in common is a commitment to the faith as conveyed by Scripture and the Book of Common Prayer, thus regarding prayer and theology in a manner akin to that of the Apostolic Fathers .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The theology of the Book of Common Prayer (which itself is now no longer a single standard text and thus has been a blow to the key aspect of Anglican unity--praying together) is a complex, perhaps ulitmately incoherent, attempt to layer traditional Catholic theologies onto a Calvinistic base.
  • The crisis in Anglicanism | National Catholic Reporter 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC ncronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ His legacy is his contribution to the shape and structure of English speech and, through his Prayer Book, to the moulding of an international language and the theology it expressed.
  • Books about the Episcopal Church 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.secaucus.org [Source type: General]

[29] On the whole, Anglican divines view the via media of Anglicanism, not as a compromise, but "a positive position, witnessing to the universality of God and God's kingdom working through the fallible, earthly ecclesia Anglicana."[30] These theologians regard Scripture as interpreted through tradition and reason as authoritative in matters concerning salvation. .Reason and tradition, indeed, is extant in and presupposed by Scripture, thus implying co-operation between God and humanity, God and nature, and between the sacred and secular.^ What is the truth in terms of Scripture, Reason and Tradition?
  • Albert Mohler : The Collapse of Anglicanism - Townhall.com 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC townhall.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Reason and tradition, indeed, is extant in and presupposed by Scripture, thus implying co-operation between God and humanity, God and nature, and between the sacred and secular.
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^ This, and related statements, reflect the deep thread of incarnational theology running through Anglican social thought – a theology which sees God, nature, and humanity in dynamic interaction, and the interpenetration of the secular and the sacred in the make-up of the cosmos.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Faith is thus regarded as incarnational, and authority as dispersed.^ Faith is thus regarded as incarnational , and authority as dispersed.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What they have in common is a commitment to the faith as conveyed by Scripture and the Book of Common Prayer, thus regarding prayer and theology in a manner akin to that of the Apostolic Fathers .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Among the early Anglican divines of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the names of Thomas Cranmer, John Jewel, Richard Hooker, Lancelot Andrewes, and Jeremy Taylor predominate.^ Among the early Anglican divines of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the names of Thomas Cranmer, John Jewel , Richard Hooker, Lancelot Andrewes , and Jeremy Taylor predominate.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This wonderful compendium of religious biographies offers a look inside the hearts and minds of significant shapers of Anglican spirituality over the past five centuries &emdash; Thomas Cranmer, John Donne, George Herbert, John Wesley, Dorothy Sayers, C. S. Lewis, Madeleine L'Engle, and many more.
  • Books about the Episcopal Church 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.secaucus.org [Source type: General]

^ Despite the chaos of the civil wars many consider the seventeenth century the golden age of Anglicanism as learned divines appealed to Scripture, reason and the tradition of the ancient church of the first five-hundred years.
  • Amazon.com: Classic Anglicanism 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

.The influential character of Hooker's Of the Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity cannot be overestimated.^ The influential character of Hooker's Of the Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity cannot be overestimated.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity) by Richard Hooker .
  • Amazon.com: Classic Anglicanism 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ The Folger Library Edition of The Works of Richard Hooker, Volume IV, Of the Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity: Attack and Response, The Folger Library Edition.
  • Amazon.com: Classic Anglicanism 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

.Published in 1593 and subsequently, Hooker's eight volume work is primarily a treatise on Church-state relations, but it deals comprehensively with issues of biblical interpretation, soteriology, ethics, and sanctification.^ Published in 1593 and subsequently, Hooker's eight volume work is primarily a treatise on Church-state relations, but it deals comprehensively with issues of biblical interpretation , soteriology , ethics , and sanctification .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If the covenant has true meaning, any churches that sign on to it should be able to work out border issues.
  • Stand Firm | Leander Harding’s Earlier Response to the Announcement of The Anglican Covenant 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.standfirminfaith.com [Source type: Original source]

^ With its notion of dispersed authority, it has sometimes been asked whether the Communion is in a position to deal with the issue of comprehensiveness.

.Throughout the work, Hooker makes clear that theology involves prayer and is concerned with ultimate issues, and that theology is relevant to the social mission of the church.^ Throughout the work, Hooker makes clear that theology involves prayer and is concerned with ultimate issues, and that theology is relevant to the social mission of the church.
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^ Rapid social change in the industrialised world during the twentieth century compelled the church to examine issues of gender, sexuality and marriage.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Published in 1593 and subsequently, Hooker's eight volume work is primarily a treatise on Church-state relations, but it deals comprehensively with issues of biblical interpretation , soteriology , ethics , and sanctification .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The eighteenth century saw the rise of two important movements in Anglicanism: Cambridge Platonism, with its mystical understanding of reason as the "candle of the Lord," and the Evangelical Revival, with its emphasis on the personal experience of the Holy Spirit.^ Inside Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford The eighteenth century saw the rise of two important movements in Anglicanism: Cambridge Platonism , with its mystical understanding of reason as the "candle of the Lord," and the Evangelical Revival , with its emphasis on the personal experience of the Holy Spirit .
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^ Until just two weeks ago, my personal goal was to live my Christian life inside the Anglican Communion.
  • Theological Theology: What does it mean to be Anglican? IV 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC markdthompson.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Those in the eighteenth-century movement believed they were experiencing a renewal of the truth and life of primitive Christianity as in the apostolic age, and saw this doctrinally as a renewal of the salvation doctrines of the Reformation.
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.The Cambridge Platonist movement evolved into a school called Latitudinarianism, which emphasised reason as the barometer of discernment and took a stance of indifference towards doctrinal and ecclesiological differences.^ The Cambridge Platonist movement evolved into a school called Latitudinarianism , which emphasised reason as the barometer of discernment and took a stance of indifference towards doctrinal and ecclesiological differences.
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^ He is considered the founder of the Lollard movement, a precursor to the Protestant Reformation (for this reason, he is sometimes called "The Morning Star of the Reformation").

^ This is a belief that the Continuum is absolutely correct doctrinally in matters of faith that are discernable through Scripture, Reason, and Tradition and there is no room for compromise.
  • VirtueOnline - News - Exclusives - VIA MEDIA'S STRATEGY EXPOSED 18 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.virtueonline.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Evangelical Revival, influenced by such figures as John Wesley and Charles Simeon, re-emphasised the importance of justification through faith and the consequent importance of personal conversion.^ The Evangelical Revival, influenced by such figures as John Wesley and Charles Simeon , re-emphasised the importance of justification through faith and the consequent importance of personal conversion.
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^ Its influence has survived in the unceasing flow of converts to the Catholic Faith , and is shown in the Anglican Church itself by the notable change of belief , temperament, and practice which is known as the Anglican Revival.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Anglicanism 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I do not see what guarantee is producible for the faithful observance of a sacred rite, in form, matter, and intention, through so long a period, in the hands of such administrators.
  • Newman Reader - Characteristics - Lilly - Part 4-2 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.newmanreader.org [Source type: Original source]

.Some in this movement, such as Wesley and George Whitefield, took the message to the United States, influencing the First Great Awakening, and created an Anglo-American movement called Methodism that would eventually break away, structurally, from the Anglican churches after the American Revolution.^ In the United States and Scotland the Anglican Church is called Episcopal , and in most of the rest of the world it is called Anglican .
  • Class 10 of a Christian Education Course for People Inquiring about the Christian Faith and the Episcopal Denomination 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.williamgstroop.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Wesley wanted to be High Church Anglican.
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^ Some in this movement, such as Wesley and George Whitefield , took the message to the United States , influencing the First Great Awakening , and created an Anglo-American movement called Methodism that would eventually break away, structurally, from the Anglican churches after the American Revolution.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.By the nineteenth century, there was a renewed emphasis on the teachings of the earlier Anglican divines: Theologians such as John Keble, Edward Bouverie Pusey, and John Henry Newman had widespread influence in the realm of polemics, homiletics, and theological and devotional works, not least because they largely repudiated the Old High Church tradition and replaced it with a dynamic appeal to antiquity which looked beyond the Reformers and Anglican formularies.^ Churches and traditions beyond this Covenant.
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]
  • The Anglican Church of Canada | Facebook 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.facebook.com [Source type: Original source]

^ By the nineteenth century, there was a renewed emphasis on the teachings of the earlier Anglican divines: Theologians such as John Keble , Edward Bouverie Pusey , and John Henry Newman had widespread influence in the realm of polemics, homiletics, and theological and devotional works, not least because they largely repudiated the Old High Church tradition and replaced it with a dynamic appeal to antiquity which looked beyond the Reformers and Anglican formularies.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Wesley wanted to be High Church Anglican.
  • carter 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.acu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[31] .Their work is largely credited with the development of the Oxford Movement, which sought to reassert Catholic identity and practice in the Anglican Church.^ Their work is largely credited with the development of the Oxford Movement , which sought to reassert Catholic identity and practice in the Anglican Church.
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^ I also began to see that the Anglican church was not Catholic.
  • Finally Catholic! My Conversion to the Catholic Church 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.ancient-future.net [Source type: Original source]

^ But that doesn’t detract from the good work that was done in other parts of the world, or in those parts of the western Anglican church that still believe the Gospel.

.February 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Through such works as The Kingdom of Christ, Frederick Denison Maurice played a pivotal role in inaugurating another movement, Christian socialism.^ Through such works as The Kingdom of Christ , Frederick Denison Maurice played a pivotal role in inaugurating another movement, Christian socialism .
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^ Our Anglican experience is that the Christian church requires both the discriminating exercise of authority and the discriminating exercise of criticism if Christs work is to be done in the world.

^ At the same time, scholars examining global social movements tend to focus on progressive movements, such as the environmental and feminist movements and the movement against economic globalization.
  • Sample Chapter for Hassett, M.: Anglican Communion in Crisis: How Episcopal Dissidents and Their African Allies Are Reshaping Anglicanism. 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC press.princeton.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In this, Maurice transformed Hooker's emphasis on the incarnational nature of Anglican spirituality to an imperative for social justice.^ In this, Maurice transformed Hooker's emphasis on the incarnational nature of Anglican spirituality to an imperative for social justice.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This, and related statements, reflect the deep thread of incarnational theology running through Anglican social thought – a theology which sees God, nature, and humanity in dynamic interaction, and the interpenetration of the secular and the sacred in the make-up of the cosmos.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anglican concern with broader issues of social justice can be traced to its earliest divines.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the nineteenth century, Anglican biblical scholarship began to assume a distinct character, represented by the so-called "Cambridge triumvirate" of Joseph Lightfoot, F. J. A. Hort, and Brooke Foss Westcott.^ In the nineteenth century, Anglican biblical scholarship began to assume a distinct character, represented by the so-called "Cambridge triumvirate" of Joseph Lightfoot , F. J. A. Hort , and Brooke Foss Westcott .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ An eastward-facing Solemn High Mass , a Catholic liturgical phenomenon which re-emerged in Anglicanism following the Catholic Revival of the nineteenth century.
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^ In the following century, two further factors acted to accelerate the development of a distinct Anglican identity.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Their orientation is best summed up by Lightfoot's observation that "Life which Christ is and which Christ communicates, the life which fills our whole beings as we realise its capacities, is active fellowship with God."^ God and our faith and life together.
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]
  • The Anglican Church of Canada | Facebook 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.facebook.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Their orientation is best summed up by Lightfoot's observation that "Life which Christ is and which Christ communicates, the life which fills our whole beings as we realise its capacities, is active fellowship with God."
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ God, thankful that in our eucharistic communion "Christ is the source and goal of the unity of the Church and of the renewal of human community"[14].
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]
  • The Anglican Church of Canada | Facebook 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.facebook.com [Source type: Original source]

.The twentieth century is marked by figures such as Charles Gore, with his emphasis on natural revelation, William Temple's focus on Christianity and society, J.A.T. Robinson's provocative discussions of deism and theism, Darwell Stone's and E. L. Mascall's Thomism and defence of Catholic orthodoxy, and Kenneth Kirk's Moral Theology.^ The twentieth century is marked by figures such as Charles Gore , with his emphasis on natural revelation, William Temple 's focus on Christianity and society, J.A.T. Robinson 's provocative discussions of deism and theism, Darwell Stone's and E. L. Mascall's thomism and defence of Catholic orthodoxy, and Kenneth Kirk's Moral Theology.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Distinctly reformed Catholic theology, such as that taught by Cranmer, Jewel, Hooker, and Andrewes was slowly forgotten (although learned men like Bishop Berkeley and William Law resisted the darker aspects of Deism and the overemphasis of Reason in establishing “natural religion”).

^ It remains to discuss Miss Sewell's intention to have the "Christian lady" live in the world without being of the world — to be a spiritual creature in a worldly society.
  • Chapter 5. Education and the Sphere of Women — The Via Media in Education for Women: Note-Book of an Elderly Lady and Other Writings 18 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.victorianweb.org [Source type: Original source]

[32] .Outside England, one sees such figures as William Porcher DuBose, William Meade, and Charles Henry Brent in the United States.^ Outside England, one sees such figures as William Porcher DuBose , William Meade , and Charles Henry Brent in the United States.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In England, the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and some other Anglican provinces the modern prayer books contain four offices: .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Dioceses belong to national or regional churches, or provinces, such as the Episcopal Church in the United States of America, or the Anglican Church of Uganda.
  • Sample Chapter for Hassett, M.: Anglican Communion in Crisis: How Episcopal Dissidents and Their African Allies Are Reshaping Anglicanism. 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC press.princeton.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.More recently, theologians such as Henry Chadwick, John Macquarrie and Don Cupitt, who rejected all the doctrines of historic Christianity in favour of a "Christian Buddhism",[33] Jeffrey John, N. T. Wright, and Rowan Williams have added to the mix.^ More recently, theologians such as Henry Chadwick, John Macquarrie and Don Cupitt , who rejected all the doctrines of historic Christianity in favour of a "Christian Buddhism", [ 33 ] Jeffrey John , N. T. Wright , and Rowan Williams have added to the mix.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It would not be too much of an exaggeration to say that it was Jensen’s people who managed eventually to block the appointment of Jeffrey John as Bishop of Reading.
  • Anglicanism's new holy warriors | Mary Ann Sieghart - Times Online 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ Maybe +Williams doesn´t like our sass, our spunk, our inclusiveness, our polity, our American Revolution or maybe he is ashamed of his own behavior/action directed toward HIS friend (friends don´t treat friends shabbily as defective/second quality Christians)The Very Reverend Jeffrey John.

Churchmanship

An eastward-facing Solemn High Mass, a Catholic liturgical phenomenon which re-emerged in Anglicanism following the Catholic Revival of the nineteenth century.
."Churchmanship" can be defined as the manifestation of theology in the realms of liturgy, piety and, to some extent, spirituality.^ "Churchmanship" can be defined as the manifestation of theology in the realms of liturgy, piety and, to some extent, spirituality.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Every change in liturgy involves also a change in theology, though naturally some are much more serious than others.

.Anglican diversity in this respect has tended to reflect the diversity in the tradition's Reformed and Catholic identity.^ Anglican diversity in this respect has tended to reflect the diversity in the tradition's Reformed and Catholic identity.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Main article: Anglican sacraments As befits its prevailing self-identity as a via media or "middle path" of Western Christianity , Anglican sacramental theology expresses elements in keeping with its status as being both a church in the Catholic tradition as well as a church of the Reformation .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The degree of distinction between Reformed and western Catholic tendencies within the Anglican tradition is routinely a matter of debate both within specific Anglican churches and throughout the Anglican Communion .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Different individuals, groups, parishes, dioceses and provinces may identify more closely with one or the other, or some mixture of the two.^ Different individuals, groups, parishes, dioceses and provinces may identify more closely with one or the other, or some mixture of the two.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most Anglican priests require the presence of at least one other person for the celebration of the Eucharist (referring back to Christ's statement in Math 18:20 "When two or more are gathered in my name, I will be in the midst of them"), though some Anglo-Catholic priests (like Roman Catholic priests) may say private Masses.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In England, the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and some other Anglican provinces the modern prayer books contain four offices: .
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.The range of Anglican belief and practice became particularly divisive during the 19th century when some clergy were disciplined and even imprisoned on charges of ritual heresy while, at the same time, others were criticised for engaging in public worship services with ministers of Reformed churches.^ The range of Anglican belief and practice became particularly divisive during the 19th century when some clergy were disciplined and even imprisoned on charges of ritual heresy while, at the same time, others were criticised for engaging in public worship services with ministers of Reformed churches.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The common practice at that time was death for heresy.
  • Orthodox Anglicans Don't Expect Unity for Long | Christianpost.com 10 September 2009 21:43 UTC www.christianpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ God’s calling is for us to minister to others; I am encouraged by the leadership of the Anglican Church...
  • Anglican Aids & Healthcare Trust » Donations 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.anglicanaids.net [Source type: News]

.Resistance to the growing acceptance and restoration of traditional Catholic ceremonial by the mainstream of Anglicanism ultimately led to the formation of small breakaway churches such as the Free Church of England in England (1844) and the Reformed Episcopal Church in North America (1873).^ I also began to see that the Anglican church was not Catholic.
  • Finally Catholic! My Conversion to the Catholic Church 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.ancient-future.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Resistance to the growing acceptance and restoration of traditional Catholic ceremonial by the mainstream of Anglicanism ultimately led to the formation of small breakaway churches such as the Free Church of England in England (1844) and the Reformed Episcopal Church in North America (1873).
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The propriety of this legislation was bitterly contested by the Tractarians , [ 14 ] who in response developed a vision of Anglicanism as religious tradition deriving ultimately from the Ecumenical Councils of the patristic church.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]
.Anglo-Catholic (and some Broad Church) Anglicans celebrate public liturgy in ways that understand worship to be something very special and of utmost importance.^ I also began to see that the Anglican church was not Catholic.
  • Finally Catholic! My Conversion to the Catholic Church 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.ancient-future.net [Source type: Original source]

^ A bit of what I consider very good news: the All Saints Sisters of the Poor, an Anglican order of sisters whose motherhouse is in Catonsville, Maryland, will be received into the Catholic Church in early September.
  • Standing on My Head: Anglicans and Schism 10 September 2009 21:43 UTC gkupsidedown.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We deem this commitment to be of the utmost importance, especially at such time as this, when tensions and stresses within the Anglican Communion are at a high level.
  • Anglican Communion News Service: Afro-Anglicanism conference ends; issues pact reflecting ubuntu 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.anglicancommunion.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Vestments are worn by the clergy, sung settings are often used and incense may be used.^ Vestments are worn by the clergy, sung settings are often used and incense may be used.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A " high church " or Anglo-Catholic service, by contrast, is usually a more formal liturgy celebrated by clergy in distinctive vestments and may be almost indistinguishable from a Roman Catholic service, often resembling the "pre-Vatican II" Tridentine rite.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The second general use of the diaconate is set by Canon Law; this is often referred to (unsatisfactorily) as the perpetual diaconate .

.Nowadays, in most Anglican churches, the Eucharist is celebrated in a manner similar to the usage of Roman Catholics and some Lutherans though, in many churches, more traditional, "pre-Vatican II", models of worship are common, (e.g.^ Nowadays, in most Anglican churches, the Eucharist is celebrated in a manner similar to the usage of Roman Catholics and some Lutherans though, in many churches, more traditional, "pre-Vatican II", models of worship are common, (e.g.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He is venerated as a saint and martyr by both the Roman Catholic Church and the Anglican Church.

^ I also began to see that the Anglican church was not Catholic.
  • Finally Catholic! My Conversion to the Catholic Church 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.ancient-future.net [Source type: Original source]

an "eastward orientation" at the altar). .Whilst many Anglo-Catholics derive much of their liturgical practice from that of the pre-Reformation English church, others more closely follow traditional Roman Catholic practices.^ I wish more Anglo Catholics would join the Catholic Church.
  • Standing on My Head: Anglicans and Schism 10 September 2009 21:43 UTC gkupsidedown.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Whilst many Anglo-Catholics derive much of their liturgical practice from that of the pre-Reformation English church, others more closely follow traditional Roman Catholic practices.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ordinariates within the Roman Catholic Church .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Eucharist may be sometimes be celebrated, in the form known as High Mass, with a priest, deacon and subdeacon dressed in traditional vestments, with incense and sanctus bells and with prayers adapted from the Roman missal or other sources by the celebrant.^ The Eucharist may be sometimes be celebrated, in the form known as High Mass, with a priest, deacon and subdeacon dressed in traditional vestments, with incense and sanctus bells and with prayers adapted from the Roman missal or other sources by the celebrant.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Order for Holy Communion may be celebrated bi-weekly or monthly (in preference to the daily offices ), by priests attired in choir habit , or more regular clothes, rather than Eucharistic vestments.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most Anglican priests require the presence of at least one other person for the celebration of the Eucharist (referring back to Christ's statement in Math 18:20 "When two or more are gathered in my name, I will be in the midst of them"), though some Anglo-Catholic priests (like Roman Catholic priests) may say private Masses.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Such churches may also have forms of Eucharistic adoration such as Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament.^ They sometimes officiate at Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament , in the churches that have this service.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Such churches may also have forms of Eucharistic adoration such as Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Traditional Catholic devotions such as the Rosary , Angelus and Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament are also common among Anglo-Catholics.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In terms of personal piety some Anglicans may recite the rosary and angelus, be involved in a devotional society dedicated to "Our Lady" (the Blessed Virgin Mary) and seek the intercession of the saints.^ In terms of personal piety some Anglicans may recite the rosary and angelus , be involved in a devotional society dedicated to "Our Lady" (the Blessed Virgin Mary ) and seek the intercession of the saints.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ See also: Evening Prayer (Anglican) and Prayer of Humble Access In Anglicanism there is a distinction between liturgy, which is the formal public and communal worship of the Church, and personal prayer and devotion which may be public or private.
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^ There was no personal grudge against Anglicanism involved at all.
  • Ruth Gledhill - Times Online - WBLG: Muslim gunman shouts 'Allahu Akbar' before 13 shot dead 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC timescolumns.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

.In recent years the prayer books of several provinces have, out of deference to a greater agreement with Eastern Conciliarism (and a perceived greater respect accorded Anglicanism by Eastern Orthodoxy than by Roman Catholicism), instituted a number of historically Eastern and Oriental Orthodox elements in their liturgies, including introduction of the Trisagion and deletion of the filioque clause from the Nicene Creed.^ In recent years the prayer books of several provinces have, out of deference to a greater agreement with Eastern Conciliarism (and a perceived greater respect accorded Anglicanism by Eastern Orthodoxy than by Roman Catholicism), instituted a number of historically Eastern and Oriental Orthodox elements in their liturgies, including introduction of the Trisagion and deletion of the filioque clause from the Nicene Creed .
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^ We accord the Archbishop of Canterbury, as the bishop of the See of Canterbury with which Anglicans have historically been in communion, a primacy of honour and respect among the college of bishops in the Anglican Communion as first among equals (primus inter pares).
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Each one was under the direction of a priest, no prayers could be said in the societies other than those stemming from the prayer-book, controversial discussions about ecclesiology or theology were not permitted, and membership was open only to devout Anglicans.
  • carter 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.acu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For their part, those Evangelical (and some Broad Church) Anglicans who emphasise the more Protestant aspects of the Church stress the Reformation theme of salvation by grace through faith.^ For their part, those Evangelical (and some Broad Church) Anglicans who emphasise the more Protestant aspects of the Church stress the Reformation theme of salvation by grace through faith.
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^ For more details on the universal Church of which Anglicanism is a part, see Christian Church .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anglican churches tend to have pews or chairs and it is usual for the congregation to kneel for some prayers but to stand for hymns and other parts of the service such as the Gloria, Collect, Gospel reading, Creed and either the Preface or all of the Eucharistic Prayer.
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.They emphasise the two dominical sacraments of Baptism and Eucharist, viewing the other five as "lesser rites". Some Evangelical Anglicans may even tend to take the inerrancy of Scripture literally, adopting the view of Article VI that it contains all things necessary to salvation in an explicit sense.^ Anglicans regard baptism as an unrepeatable sacrament.
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^ Anglicanism has a view of the sacraments which is modest but biblical.
  • A New Anglicanism | Culture analysis | Sydneyanglicans.net 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.sydneyanglicans.net [Source type: General]

^ Some Low Church Anglicans take a strictly memorialist (Zwinglian) view of the sacrament.
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.Worship in churches influenced by these principles tends to be significantly less elaborate, with greater emphasis on the Liturgy of the Word (the reading of the scriptures, the sermon and the intercessory prayers).^ Worship in churches influenced by these principles tends to be significantly less elaborate, with greater emphasis on the Liturgy of the Word (the reading of the scriptures, the sermon and the intercessory prayers).
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^ Like the early church they were involved in holiness-fasting, prayer, frequent communion, charitable works, reading of Scripture-but their liturgy, vestments, hierarchy, and support of the state church kept them fast in the stream of High Churchism.
  • carter 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.acu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anglo-Catholic (and some Broad Church) Anglicans celebrate public liturgy in ways that understand worship to be something very special and of utmost importance.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Order for Holy Communion may be celebrated bi-weekly or monthly (in preference to the daily offices), by priests attired in choir habit, or more regular clothes, rather than Eucharistic vestments.^ Priest in Eucharistic vestments .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Order for Holy Communion may be celebrated bi-weekly or monthly (in preference to the daily offices ), by priests attired in choir habit , or more regular clothes, rather than Eucharistic vestments.
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^ Many Evangelical churches sit lightly to the set forms of morning and evening prayer, though generally respecting the canonical order of Holy Communion.
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.Ceremony may be in keeping with their view of the provisions of the 17th century Puritans – in spite of the nineteenth century Anglo-Catholic interpretation of the Ornaments Rubric – no candles, no incense, no bells and a minimum of manual actions by the presiding celebrant (such as touching the elements at the Words of Institution).^ Ceremony may be in keeping with their view of the provisions of the 17th century Puritans – in spite of the nineteenth century Anglo-Catholic interpretation of the Ornaments Rubric – no candles, no incense, no bells and a minimum of manual actions by the presiding celebrant (such as touching the elements at the Words of Institution ).
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^ The two Sacraments ordained by Christ Himself--Baptism and the Supper of the Lord--ministered with unfailing use of Christ's words of Institution, and of the elements ordained by Him.
  • Class 10 of a Christian Education Course for People Inquiring about the Christian Faith and the Episcopal Denomination 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.williamgstroop.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Anglo-Catholic (and some Broad Church) Anglicans celebrate public liturgy in ways that understand worship to be something very special and of utmost importance.
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.In recent decades there has been a growth of charismatic worship among Anglicans.^ In recent decades there has been a growth of charismatic worship among Anglicans.
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^ These churches generally believe that traditional forms of Anglican faith and worship have been unacceptably revised or abandoned within some Anglican Communion churches in recent decades and thus claim that they are "continuing" the traditional forms of Anglicanism.
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.Both Anglo-Catholics and Evangelicals have been affected by this movement such that it is not uncommon to find typically charismatic postures, music, and other themes evident during the services of otherwise Anglo-Catholic or Evangelical parishes.^ Its a marker of the Anglo-Catholic, as distinct from evangelical, character of the service.
  • Encounter: 27 November  2005  - Church Without Walls? Making Sense of Anglicanism 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Both Anglo-Catholics and Evangelicals have been affected by this movement such that it is not uncommon to find typically charismatic postures, music, and other themes evident during the services of otherwise Anglo-Catholic or Evangelical parishes.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The services of Morning Prayer, Evening Prayer and Night Prayer for today, tomorrow and yesterday are available on this site to help you find time for God during your day.
  • Diocese of Leicester - The Church of England in Leicester and Leicestershire 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.leicester.anglican.org [Source type: News]

.The spectrum of Anglican beliefs and practice is too large to be fit into these labels.^ The spectrum of Anglican beliefs and practice is too large to be fit into these labels.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This week, Encounter is mapping Anglicanism, working out the significance of all those Anglican labels that sometimes thrust their way out of church debate and into the public forum.
  • Encounter: 27 November  2005  - Church Without Walls? Making Sense of Anglicanism 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Its influence has survived in the unceasing flow of converts to the Catholic Faith , and is shown in the Anglican Church itself by the notable change of belief , temperament, and practice which is known as the Anglican Revival.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Anglicanism 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

.Many Anglicans locate themselves somewhere in the spectrum of the Broad Church tradition and consider themselves an amalgam of Evangelical and Catholic.^ Thus I do consider myself an evangelical Catholic .
  • Finally Catholic! My Conversion to the Catholic Church 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.ancient-future.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Anglican tradition has been liberal and Catholic and evangelical for several centuries.
  • Anglicanism and Global Affairs: The Windsor Report and Beyond 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC pewforum.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Many Anglicans locate themselves somewhere in the spectrum of the Broad Church tradition and consider themselves an amalgam of Evangelical and Catholic.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Such Anglicans stress that Anglicanism is the "via media" (middle way) between the two major strains of Western Christianity and that Anglicanism is like a "bridge" between the two strains.^ To be Anglican is to follow the middle way.

^ They're via media between traditional Christianity and what?
  • VirtueOnline - News - Exclusives - VIA MEDIA'S STRATEGY EXPOSED 18 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.virtueonline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Such Anglicans stress that Anglicanism is the " via media " (middle way) between the two major strains of Western Christianity and that Anglicanism is like a "bridge" between the two strains.
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Sacramental doctrine and practice

.As befits its prevailing self-identity as a via media or "middle path" of Western Christianity, Anglican sacramental theology expresses elements in keeping with its status as being both a church in the Catholic tradition as well as a church of the Reformation.^ He is venerated as a saint and martyr by both the Roman Catholic Church and the Anglican Church .

^ They're via media between traditional Christianity and what?
  • VirtueOnline - News - Exclusives - VIA MEDIA'S STRATEGY EXPOSED 18 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.virtueonline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Anglicanism follows the via media or the middle way.

.With respect to sacramental theology the Catholic heritage is perhaps most strongly asserted in the importance Anglicanism places on the sacraments as a means of grace, sanctification and salvation as expressed in the church's liturgy and doctrine.^ With respect to sacramental theology the Catholic heritage is perhaps most strongly asserted in the importance Anglicanism places on the sacraments as a means of grace , sanctification and salvation as expressed in the church's liturgy and doctrine.
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^ Richard Hooker (1554–1600), one of the most influential figures in shaping Anglican theology and self-identity For 'High Church' Anglicans, doctrine is neither established by a magisterium , nor derived from the theology of an eponymous founder (such as Lutheranism or Calvinism ), nor summed up in a confession of faith (beyond those of the creeds ).
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Main article: Anglican sacraments As befits its prevailing self-identity as a via media or "middle path" of Western Christianity , Anglican sacramental theology expresses elements in keeping with its status as being both a church in the Catholic tradition as well as a church of the Reformation .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Of the seven sacraments, Anglicans recognise baptism and the Eucharist as being directly instituted by Christ.^ Anglicans regard baptism as an unrepeatable sacrament.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Of the seven sacraments, Anglicans recognise baptism and the Eucharist as being directly instituted by Christ.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Another uniquely Anglican focus is the Chicago-Lambeth Quadrilateral, which states that "acceptance of Scripture, Creeds, the sacraments of Baptism and the Eucharist, and the episcopal ordering of ministry should provide the basis for effective union among Churches.

.The other five sacraments are regarded variously as full sacraments by Anglo-Catholics and most moderates, but merely as "sacramental rites" by Evangelicals, such as Reform UK and the Diocese of Sydney.^ The other five sacraments are regarded variously as full sacraments by Anglo-Catholics or as "sacramental rites" by Evangelicals .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is NOT what most Anglo-Catholics would want!
  • Standing on My Head: Anglicans and Schism 10 September 2009 21:43 UTC gkupsidedown.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Whilst many Anglo-Catholics derive much of their liturgical practice from that of the pre-Reformation English church, others more closely follow traditional Roman Catholic practices.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The seven sacraments are Baptism, Confession and absolution, Holy Matrimony, Holy Eucharist (also called Holy Communion or Mass or The Lord's Supper), Confirmation, Holy Orders (also called Ordination), and Anointing of the Sick (also called Unction.^ Anglicans celebrate the traditional sacraments, with special emphasis being given to the Holy Eucharist , also called Holy Communion, the Lord's Supper or the Mass .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The seven sacraments are Baptism , Confession and absolution , Holy Matrimony , Holy Eucharist (also called Holy Communion or Mass or The Lord's Supper), Confirmation , Holy Orders (also called Ordination), and Anointing of the Sick (also called Unction.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In other words, they see Holy Communion as a memorial to Christ's suffering, and participation in the Eucharist as both a re-enactment of the Last Supper and a foreshadowing of the heavenly banquet – the fulfilment of the Eucharistic promise.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

)

Eucharistic theology

.Anglican Eucharistic theology is divergent in practice, reflecting the essential comprehensiveness of the tradition.^ Main article: Anglican Eucharistic theology Anglican Eucharistic theology is divergent in practice, reflecting the essential comprehensiveness of the tradition.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most Anglicans, however, implicitly or explicitly adopt the Eucharistic theology of consubstantiation , first articulated by the Lollards, or Sacramental Union, first articulated by Martin Luther.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This theology is built on what we can term “the three pillars of Anglicanism”: Scripture, Reason and Tradition.

.Some Low Church Anglicans take a strictly memorialist (Zwinglian) view of the sacrament.^ Some Low Church Anglicans take a strictly memorialist (Zwinglian) view of the sacrament.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Looks at what lead a group of Aboriginal Anglican leaders to take the unprecedented step of covenanting together to build an autonomous Aboriginal church, in partnership with the rest of the Canadian Anglican Church and what this means for the Church.
  • Theological Guide - Trinity College in the University of Toronto 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.trinity.utoronto.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anglo-Catholic (and some Broad Church) Anglicans celebrate public liturgy in ways that understand worship to be something very special and of utmost importance.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In other words, they see Holy Communion as a memorial to Christ's suffering, and participation in the Eucharist as both a re-enactment of the Last Supper and a foreshadowing of the heavenly banquet – the fulfilment of the Eucharistic promise.^ In other words, they see Holy Communion as a memorial to Christ's suffering, and participation in the Eucharist as both a re-enactment of the Last Supper and a foreshadowing of the heavenly banquet – the fulfilment of the Eucharistic promise.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Based on the record, both sides of the aisle think they should keep the property, moeny, prestige (if any is available) and standing with the broader communion.
  • VirtueOnline - News - Exclusives - SEX, LIES AND VIA MEDIA 18 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.virtueonline.org [Source type: General]

^ God, thankful that in our eucharistic communion "Christ is the source and goal of the unity of the Church and of the renewal of human community"[14].
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]

.Other Low Church Anglicans believe in the Real Presence but deny that the presence of Christ is carnal or is necessarily localised in the bread and wine.^ Other Low Church Anglicans believe in the Real Presence but deny that the presence of Christ is carnal or is necessarily localised in the bread and wine.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Furthermore, the interior schisms of the Anglican Church - Low Church, High Church, Broad Church, Reformed Anglican Church, and Episcopalians, among others - seem to contest the fact that it is indeed an integral part of the "subsisting Church", as defined by Benedict XVl.
  • The crisis in Anglicanism | National Catholic Reporter 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC ncronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But that doesn’t detract from the good work that was done in other parts of the world, or in those parts of the western Anglican church that still believe the Gospel.

.Despite explicit criticism in the Thirty-Nine Articles, many High Church or Anglo-Catholic Anglicans hold, more or less, the Roman Catholic view of the Real Presence, as expressed in the doctrine of transubstantiation, seeing the Eucharist as a liturgical representation of Christ's atoning sacrifice with the elements actually transformed into Christ's Body and Blood.^ Evangelical Anglicans point more to the more Reformed Thirty Nine Articles , with their insistence on justification by faith alone and their hostility to the Roman Catholic Church (see Anti-Catholicism ).
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He is venerated as a saint and martyr by both the Roman Catholic Church and the Anglican Church .

^ Ordinariates within the Roman Catholic Church .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Most Anglicans, however, implicitly or explicitly adopt the Eucharistic theology of consubstantiation, first articulated by the Lollards, or Sacramental Union, first articulated by Martin Luther.^ Most Anglicans, however, implicitly or explicitly adopt the Eucharistic theology of consubstantiation , first articulated by the Lollards, or Sacramental Union, first articulated by Martin Luther.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anglican worship, however, is as diverse as Anglican theology.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, there are a great variety of non-affiliated Anglican churches, most notably the Continuing Anglican Churches.

.Luther's analogy of Christ's presence was that of the heat of a horseshoe thrust into a fire until it is glowing.^ Luther's analogy of Christ's presence was that of the heat of a horseshoe thrust into a fire until it is glowing.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the same way, Christ is present in the bread and the wine.^ In the same way, Christ is present in the bread and the wine.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Gospel of Christ transforms sinners into the adopted sons and daughters of God.” and I find this last statement to be fancy way of being the same moralism.
  • Stand Firm | ACL Centenary Dinner, the breakup of Anglicanism and the Danger of Moralism 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.standfirminfaith.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The doctrine of the Holy Eucharist presents the simple belief that what was bread is now Christ’s crucified, risen body, entire and whole and perfect, and what was wine is Christ’s very blood poured out on Calvary.
  • Archbishop Rowan Williams admits future of Anglicanism is 'chaotic' – Telegraph Blogs 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC blogs.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: General]

The classical Anglican aphorism regarding Christ's presence in the sacrament is found in a poem by John Donne:
He was the Word that spake it;
He took the bread and brake it;
and what that Word did make it;
I do believe and take it.[34]
.An Anglican position on the Eucharistic sacrifice ("Sacrifice of the Mass") was expressed in the response Saepius Officio of the Archbishops of Canterbury and York to Pope Leo XIII's Papal Encyclical Apostolicae curae.^ An Anglican position on the Eucharistic sacrifice ("Sacrifice of the Mass") was expressed in the response Saepius Officio of the Archbishops of Canterbury and York to Pope Leo XIII 's Papal Encyclical Apostolicae curae .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We accord the Archbishop of Canterbury, as the bishop of the See of Canterbury with which Anglicans have historically been in communion, a primacy of honour and respect among the college of bishops in the Anglican Communion as first among equals (primus inter pares).
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Archbishop Duncan, however, said he appreciated the gesture by the Pope because it was an acknowledgement that orthodox Anglicanism is a legitimate part of the ancient Church.

.Anglican and Roman Catholic representatives declared that they had "substantial agreement on the doctrine of the Eucharist" in the Windsor Statement on Eucharistic Doctrine from the Anglican-Roman Catholic International Consultation and the Elucidation of the ARCIC Windsor Statement.^ But the doctrine they represent is straight forward.
  • Stand Firm | ACL Centenary Dinner, the breakup of Anglicanism and the Danger of Moralism 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.standfirminfaith.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If you have not done so already, you should look at the ARCIC statement on Eucharistic Doctrine.
  • Archbishop Rowan Williams admits future of Anglicanism is 'chaotic' – Telegraph Blogs 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC blogs.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Anglican and Roman Catholic representatives declared that they had "substantial agreement on the doctrine of the Eucharist" in the Windsor Statement on Eucharistic Doctrine from the Anglican-Roman Catholic International Consultation and the Elucidation of the ARCIC Windsor Statement .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Despite this agreement, other ecclesiological differences between the two churches prevent full intercommunion.^ Despite this agreement, other ecclesiological differences between the two churches prevent full intercommunion.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The difference between the Anglican church and,on the one side, the .
  • Airy Demons: The Third World of Renaissance Pneumatology 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC userwww.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The distinction between Reformed and Catholic, and the coherence of the two, is routinely a matter of debate both within specific Anglican Churches and throughout the Anglican Communion by members themselves.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Practices: prayer and worship

.In Anglicanism there is a distinction between liturgy, which is the formal public and communal worship of the Church, and personal prayer and devotion which may be public or private.^ See also: Evening Prayer (Anglican) and Prayer of Humble Access In Anglicanism there is a distinction between liturgy, which is the formal public and communal worship of the Church, and personal prayer and devotion which may be public or private.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Moreover, Sykes criticises the proposition, implicit in theories of via media , that there is no distinctive body of Anglican doctrine, other than those of the universal church; accusing this of being an excuse not to undertake systematic doctrine at all.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anglo-Catholic (and some Broad Church) Anglicans celebrate public liturgy in ways that understand worship to be something very special and of utmost importance.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Liturgy is regulated by the prayer books and consists of the Holy Eucharist (some call it Holy Communion or Mass), the other six Sacraments, and the Divine Office or Liturgy of the Hours.^ Liturgy is regulated by the prayer books and consists of the Holy Eucharist (some call it Holy Communion or Mass), the other six Sacraments, and the Divine Office or Liturgy of the Hours.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He went to the church and called his people and celebrated the divine liturgy and administered to them the Holy Communion.

^ Anglican churches tend to have pews or chairs and it is usual for the congregation to kneel for some prayers but to stand for hymns and other parts of the service such as the Gloria, Collect, Gospel reading, Creed and either the Preface or all of the Eucharistic Prayer.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Book of Common Prayer

The 1596 Book of Common Prayer
.The Book of Common Prayer (BCP) is the foundational prayer book of Anglicanism.^ Common Prayer (1928 BCP) .

^ The 1596 Book of Common Prayer The Book of Common Prayer (BCP) is the foundational prayer book of Anglicanism.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This resulted from an explicit addition by Elizabeth herself to the injunctions accompanying the 1559 Book of Common Prayer (that had itself made no mention of choral worship) by which existing choral foundations and choir schools were instructed to be continued, and their endowments secured.
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.The original book of 1549 (revised 1552) was one of the instruments of the English Reformation, replacing the various 'uses' or rites in Latin that had been used in different parts of the country with a single compact volume in the language of the people, so that "now from henceforth all the Realm shall have but one use". Suppressed under Queen Mary I, it was revised in 1559, and then again in 1662, after the Restoration of Charles II.^ "The 1559 edition is that of the Settlement of 1559 and fuses parts of the 1549 and 1552 together.
  • Amazon.com: Classic Anglicanism 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ The original book of 1549 (revised 1552) was one of the instruments of the English Reformation , replacing the various 'uses' or rites in Latin that had been used in different parts of the country with a single compact volume in the language of the people, so that "now from henceforth all the Realm shall have but one use".
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Suppressed under Queen Mary I, it was revised in 1559, and then again in 1662, after the Restoration of Charles II .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This version was made mandatory in England and Wales by the Act of Uniformity and was in standard use until the mid twentieth century.^ This version was made mandatory in England and Wales by the Act of Uniformity and was in standard use until the mid twentieth century.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Until the mid-twentieth century the main Sunday service was typically morning prayer , but the Eucharist has once again become the standard form of Sunday worship in many Anglican churches; this again is similar to Roman Catholic practice.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of the earlier versions of The Book of Common Prayer commonly used in the Church of England today.
  • Theological Guide - Trinity College in the University of Toronto 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.trinity.utoronto.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.With British colonial expansion from the seventeenth century onwards, the Anglican church was planted across the globe.^ With British colonial expansion from the seventeenth century onwards, the Anglican church was planted across the globe.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Despite the chaos of the civil wars many consider the seventeenth century the golden age of Anglicanism as learned divines appealed to Scripture, reason and the tradition of the ancient church of the first five-hundred years.
  • Amazon.com: Classic Anglicanism 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ Over the same period Anglican churches engaged vigorously in Christian missions , resulting in the creation, by the end of the century, of over ninety colonial bishoprics; [ 16 ] which gradually coalesced into new self-governing churches on the Canadian and American models.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These churches at first used and then revised the Book of Common Prayer, until they, like their parent church, produced prayer books which took into account the developments in liturgical study and practice in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, which come under the general heading of the Liturgical Movement.^ Services authorized for use in the Church of England in conjunction with the Book of Common Prayer together with the Liturgical Psalter.
  • Theological Guide - Trinity College in the University of Toronto 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.trinity.utoronto.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The leadership of these churches will have much to account for when they face Jesus.

^ These churches at first used and then revised the Book of Common Prayer, until they, like their parent church, produced prayer books which took into account the developments in liturgical study and practice in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, which come under the general heading of the Liturgical Movement .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Anglican worship: an overview

.Anglican worship services are open to all visitors.^ See also: Church of England parish church Anglican worship services are open to all visitors.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although Anglican public worship is usually ordered according to the canonically approved services, in practice many Anglican churches use forms of service outside these norms.
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^ Morning Prayer , for instance, is often used instead of the Holy Eucharist for Sunday worship services, although this is not necessarily true of all low church parishes.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Anglican worship originates principally in the reforms of Thomas Cranmer, who aimed to create a set order of service like that of the pre-Reformation church but less complex in its seasonal variety and said in English rather than Latin.^ Anglican worship originates principally in the reforms of Thomas Cranmer , who aimed to create a set order of service like that of the pre-Reformation church but less complex in its seasonal variety and said in English rather than Latin.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anglo-Catholic (and some Broad Church) Anglicans celebrate public liturgy in ways that understand worship to be something very special and of utmost importance.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Among the early Anglican divines of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the names of Thomas Cranmer, John Jewel , Richard Hooker, Lancelot Andrewes , and Jeremy Taylor predominate.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This use of a set order of service is not unlike the Roman Catholic tradition.^ This use of a set order of service is not unlike the Roman Catholic tradition.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Whilst many Anglo-Catholics derive much of their liturgical practice from that of the pre-Reformation English church, others more closely follow traditional Roman Catholic practices.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Anglican-Roman Catholic International Committee has recently released its third report, The Gift of Authority , which tries to blend the two traditions.

.Traditionally the pattern was that laid out in the Book of Common Prayer.^ Traditionally the pattern was that laid out in the Book of Common Prayer .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1549, the first Book of Common Prayer was compiled by Thomas Cranmer , who was then Archbishop of Canterbury .
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^ Some Anglican monastic communities have a Daily Office based on that of the Book of Common Prayer but with additional antiphons and canticles, etc.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although many Anglican churches now use a wide range of modern service books written in the local language, the structures of the Book of Common Prayer are largely retained.^ Unique to Anglicanism is the Book of Common Prayer (BCP), the collection of services that worshippers in most Anglican churches used for centuries.
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^ The 1596 Book of Common Prayer The Book of Common Prayer (BCP) is the foundational prayer book of Anglicanism.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Unique to Anglicanism is the Book of Common Prayer , the collection of services that worshippers in most Anglican churches used for centuries.
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.Churches which call themselves Anglican will have identified themselves so because they use some form or variant of the Book of Common Prayer in the shaping of their worship.^ Churches which call themselves Anglican will have identified themselves so because they use some form or variant of the Book of Common Prayer in the shaping of their worship.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 1596 Book of Common Prayer The Book of Common Prayer (BCP) is the foundational prayer book of Anglicanism.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because they have left the church?
  • Encounter: 27 November  2005  - Church Without Walls? Making Sense of Anglicanism 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: Original source]

.Anglican worship, however, is as diverse as Anglican theology.^ Anglican worship, however, is as diverse as Anglican theology.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, the question in much Anglican theology now is whether sacraments even exist.
  • The crisis in Anglicanism | National Catholic Reporter 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC ncronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Most Anglicans, however, implicitly or explicitly adopt the Eucharistic theology of consubstantiation , first articulated by the Lollards, or Sacramental Union, first articulated by Martin Luther.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A contemporary "low church" or Evangelical service may differ little from the worship of many mainstream Protestant churches.^ In Barbados, we may hear the terms low and high used as descriptive terms for some of our churches.

^ Mary, then a protestant again under Elizabeth, by which time a little joke was going the rounds, that he loved the kitchen better than the church.
  • Airy Demons: The Third World of Renaissance Pneumatology 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC userwww.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ However, there are many doctrinally Protestant Anglicans who are clearly High Church in their liturgical bend, and some (not a majority, mind you) Anglo-Catholics who are VERY Low Church in their practice.
  • Archbishop Rowan Williams admits future of Anglicanism is 'chaotic' – Telegraph Blogs 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC blogs.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: General]

.The service is constructed around a sermon focused on Biblical exposition and opened with one or more Bible readings and closed by a series of prayers (both set and extemporised) and hymns or songs.^ The service is constructed around a sermon focused on Biblical exposition and opened with one or more Bible readings and closed by a series of prayers (both set and extemporised) and hymns or songs.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anglican churches tend to have pews or chairs and it is usual for the congregation to kneel for some prayers but to stand for hymns and other parts of the service such as the Gloria, Collect, Gospel reading, Creed and either the Preface or all of the Eucharistic Prayer.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Even in the most informal Evangelical services it is common for set prayers such as the weekly Collect to be read.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A "high church" or Anglo-Catholic service, by contrast, is usually a more formal liturgy celebrated by clergy in distinctive vestments and may be almost indistinguishable from a Roman Catholic service, often resembling the "pre-Vatican II" Tridentine rite.^ Ordinariates within the Roman Catholic Church .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In high and Anglo-Catholic churches there are generally prayers for the dead.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A " high church " or Anglo-Catholic service, by contrast, is usually a more formal liturgy celebrated by clergy in distinctive vestments and may be almost indistinguishable from a Roman Catholic service, often resembling the "pre-Vatican II" Tridentine rite.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Between these extremes are a variety of styles of worship, often involving a robed choir and the use of the organ to accompany the singing and to provide music before and after the service.^ Between these extremes are a variety of styles of worship, often involving a robed choir and the use of the organ to accompany the singing and to provide music before and after the service.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For nearly three centuries, this round of daily professional choral worship represented a tradition entirely distinct from that embodied in the intoning of Parish Clerks , and the singing of " west gallery choirs " which commonly accompanied weekly worship in English parish churches.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Being Anglican means robes, strict prayer book liturgy, organ music & choirs, etc.
  • A New Anglicanism | Culture analysis | Sydneyanglicans.net 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.sydneyanglicans.net [Source type: General]

.Anglican churches tend to have pews or chairs and it is usual for the congregation to kneel for some prayers but to stand for hymns and other parts of the service such as the Gloria, Collect, Gospel reading, Creed and either the Preface or all of the Eucharistic Prayer.^ In some other parts of the Anglican Communion the position can also be held by deacons.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anglican churches tend to have pews or chairs and it is usual for the congregation to kneel for some prayers but to stand for hymns and other parts of the service such as the Gloria, Collect, Gospel reading, Creed and either the Preface or all of the Eucharistic Prayer.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Furthermore, the interior schisms of the Anglican Church - Low Church, High Church, Broad Church, Reformed Anglican Church, and Episcopalians, among others - seem to contest the fact that it is indeed an integral part of the "subsisting Church", as defined by Benedict XVl.
  • The crisis in Anglicanism | National Catholic Reporter 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC ncronline.org [Source type: Original source]

.High Anglicans may genuflect or cross themselves in the same way as Roman Catholics.^ Anglicans & Catholics singing the same tune...
  • Anglicans & Catholics singing the same tune... - The Panda's Thumb 10 September 2009 21:43 UTC pandasthumb.org [Source type: Original source]

^ High Anglicans may genuflect or cross themselves in the same way as Roman Catholics.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anglicans & Catholics singing the same tune… .
  • Anglicans & Catholics singing the same tune... - The Panda's Thumb 10 September 2009 21:43 UTC pandasthumb.org [Source type: Original source]

.Until the mid-twentieth century the main Sunday service was typically morning prayer, but the Eucharist has once again become the standard form of Sunday worship in many Anglican churches; this again is similar to Roman Catholic practice.^ Until the mid-twentieth century the main Sunday service was typically morning prayer , but the Eucharist has once again become the standard form of Sunday worship in many Anglican churches; this again is similar to Roman Catholic practice.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He is venerated as a saint and martyr by both the Roman Catholic Church and the Anglican Church .

^ Ordinariates within the Roman Catholic Church .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Other common Sunday services include an early morning Eucharist without music, an abbreviated Eucharist following a service of morning prayer and a service of evening prayer, sometimes in the form of sung Evensong, usually celebrated between 3 and 6 p.m.^ Other common Sunday services include an early morning Eucharist without music, an abbreviated Eucharist following a service of morning prayer and a service of evening prayer , sometimes in the form of sung Evensong , usually celebrated between 3 and 6 p.m.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anglican churches tend to have pews or chairs and it is usual for the congregation to kneel for some prayers but to stand for hymns and other parts of the service such as the Gloria, Collect, Gospel reading, Creed and either the Preface or all of the Eucharistic Prayer.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The services of Morning Prayer, Evening Prayer and Night Prayer for today, tomorrow and yesterday are available on this site to help you find time for God during your day.
  • Diocese of Leicester - The Church of England in Leicester and Leicestershire 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.leicester.anglican.org [Source type: News]

.The late-evening service of Compline was revived in parish use in the early 20th century.^ The late-evening service of Compline was revived in parish use in the early 20th century.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Morning Prayer , for instance, is often used instead of the Holy Eucharist for Sunday worship services, although this is not necessarily true of all low church parishes.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It retains the services for Morning and Evening Prayer and Compline and includes a section entitled "Prayer during the Day".
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Many Anglican churches will also have daily morning and evening prayer and some have midweek or even daily celebration of the Eucharist.^ Many Anglican churches will also have daily morning and evening prayer and some have midweek or even daily celebration of the Eucharist.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For more details on the daily Anglican morning office, see Morning Prayer .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anglican churches tend to have pews or chairs and it is usual for the congregation to kneel for some prayers but to stand for hymns and other parts of the service such as the Gloria, Collect, Gospel reading, Creed and either the Preface or all of the Eucharistic Prayer.
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.An Anglican service (whether or not a Eucharist) will include readings from the Bible that are generally taken from a standardised lectionary, which provides for the entire Bible (and some passages from the Apocrypha) to be read out loud in the church over a three year cycle.^ An Anglican service (whether or not a Eucharist) will include readings from the Bible that are generally taken from a standardised lectionary , which provides for the entire Bible (and some passages from the Apocrypha ) to be read out loud in the church over a three year cycle.
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^ Another uniquely Anglican focus is the Chicago-Lambeth Quadrilateral, which states that "acceptance of Scripture, Creeds, the sacraments of Baptism and the Eucharist, and the episcopal ordering of ministry should provide the basis for effective union among Churches.

^ Anglican churches tend to have pews or chairs and it is usual for the congregation to kneel for some prayers but to stand for hymns and other parts of the service such as the Gloria, Collect, Gospel reading, Creed and either the Preface or all of the Eucharistic Prayer.
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.The sermon (or homily) is typically about ten to twenty minutes in length, though it may be much longer in Evangelical churches.^ The sermon (or homily ) is typically about ten to twenty minutes in length, though it may be much longer in Evangelical churches.
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^ Many Evangelical churches sit lightly to the set forms of morning and evening prayer, though generally respecting the canonical order of Holy Communion.
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^ It is clear to me that they are going about their work very much in the Spirit of the Prayer written for the Church Leaders' tour in 2008 which concludes with these words: .
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]

.Even in the most informal Evangelical services it is common for set prayers such as the weekly Collect to be read.^ The services of Morning Prayer, Evening Prayer and Night Prayer for today, tomorrow and yesterday are available on this site to help you find time for God during your day.
  • Diocese of Leicester - The Church of England in Leicester and Leicestershire 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.leicester.anglican.org [Source type: News]

^ January 7th 2010 [ in the Ocatve of Epiphany ]- 1928 BCP (1945 Lectionary) Morning Prayer (click for link) Evening Prayer (click for link) The Collect for the Day.

^ The demands and accomplishments of that work, even when hindered by the clamorings of a busy law practice and upper-echelons service club work, proved to be most satisfying.

.There are also set forms for intercessory prayer, though this is now more often extemporaneous.^ There are also set forms for intercessory prayer , though this is now more often extemporaneous.
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^ Many Evangelical churches sit lightly to the set forms of morning and evening prayer, though generally respecting the canonical order of Holy Communion.
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^ If there is one aspect of Anglicanism that stands as a testimony that the Anglican Faith emerged from the struggles of the Reformation, it is what we now refer to as simply, “The Book of Common Prayer” .

.In high and Anglo-Catholic churches there are generally prayers for the dead.^ In high and Anglo-Catholic churches there are generally prayers for the dead.
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^ Anglo-Catholic (and some Broad Church) Anglicans celebrate public liturgy in ways that understand worship to be something very special and of utmost importance.
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^ Many Evangelical churches sit lightly to the set forms of morning and evening prayer, though generally respecting the canonical order of Holy Communion.
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.Although Anglican public worship is usually ordered according to the canonically approved services, in practice many Anglican churches use forms of service outside these norms.^ Although Anglican public worship is usually ordered according to the canonically approved services, in practice many Anglican churches use forms of service outside these norms.
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^ Anglican churches tend to have pews or chairs and it is usual for the congregation to kneel for some prayers but to stand for hymns and other parts of the service such as the Gloria, Collect, Gospel reading, Creed and either the Preface or all of the Eucharistic Prayer.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Until the mid-twentieth century the main Sunday service was typically morning prayer , but the Eucharist has once again become the standard form of Sunday worship in many Anglican churches; this again is similar to Roman Catholic practice.
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.Many Evangelical churches sit lightly to the set forms of morning and evening prayer, though generally respecting the canonical order of Holy Communion.^ Although it is not to be denied that variations on the above themes are in practice within the Anglican communion, it can be assumed that the general provisions for the order, as have been discussed above, are at least possible within the Canons and Prayer Books of the national churches.

^ January 7th 2010 [ in the Ocatve of Epiphany ]- 1928 BCP (1945 Lectionary) Morning Prayer (click for link) Evening Prayer (click for link) The Collect for the Day.

^ The First Sunday after Christmas (+ St. John the Evangelist) - 1928 BCP (1945 Lectionary) Morning Prayer (click for link) Evening Prayer (click for link) The Collect for the Day.

.Liberal churches may use freely structured or experimental forms of worship, including patterns borrowed from ecumenical traditions such as those of Taizé Community or the Iona Community.^ Liberal churches may use freely structured or experimental forms of worship, including patterns borrowed from ecumenical traditions such as those of Taizé Community or the Iona Community .
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^ These churches generally believe that traditional forms of Anglican faith and worship have been unacceptably revised or abandoned within some Anglican Communion churches in recent decades and thus claim that they are "continuing" the traditional forms of Anglicanism.
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^ See also: Evening Prayer (Anglican) and Prayer of Humble Access In Anglicanism there is a distinction between liturgy, which is the formal public and communal worship of the Church, and personal prayer and devotion which may be public or private.
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.Anglo-Catholic parishes might use the modern Roman Catholic liturgy of the Mass or more traditional forms, such as the Tridentine Mass (which is translated into English in the English Missal), the Anglican Missal, or, less commonly, the Sarum Rite.^ This use of a set order of service is not unlike the Roman Catholic tradition.
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^ In addition, Anglo-Catholic bodies may use the Anglican Missal or English Missal in celebrating the Eucharist.
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^ Anglo-Catholic parishes might use the modern Roman Catholic liturgy of the Mass or more traditional forms, such as the Tridentine Mass (which is translated into English in the English Missal ), the Anglican Missal , or, less commonly, the Sarum Rite .
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.Traditional Catholic devotions such as the Rosary, Angelus and Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament are also common among Anglo-Catholics.^ If you are Anglo-Catholic, you tend to hold many Catholic doctrines that more Protestant Anglicans are horrified by, such as a lively doctrine of the Communion of Saints, the real as opposed to symbolic-or-other nature of the sacraments, ESPECIALLY of the Holy Eucharist, you may frequently be caught addressing saints in your devotions or even the rosary, etc.
  • Archbishop Rowan Williams admits future of Anglicanism is 'chaotic' – Telegraph Blogs 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC blogs.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Another issue being dealt with in this Article are two liturgical practices which were considered extreme and unnecessary by the reformers: Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament and Procession with the Blessed Sacrament.

^ What this means is that authority is distributed among scriptures, tradition, the creeds, the ministry of the Word and Sacraments, the witness of the saints, and the common mind of all the faithful (the consensus fidelium ).

Eucharistic discipline

.Only baptised persons are eligible to receive communion,[35] although in many churches communion is restricted to those who have not only been baptised but also confirmed.^ Only baptised persons are eligible to receive communion, [ 35 ] although in many churches communion is restricted to those who have not only been baptised but also confirmed .
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^ Many Evangelical churches sit lightly to the set forms of morning and evening prayer, though generally respecting the canonical order of Holy Communion.
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^ Also being addressed in this Article is the Catholic understanding of the effect of the Sacraments upon those who receive them.

.In many Anglican provinces, however, all baptised Christians are now often invited to receive communion and some dioceses have regularised a system for admitting baptised young people to communion before they are confirmed.^ In many Anglican provinces, however, all baptised Christians are now often invited to receive communion and some dioceses have regularised a system for admitting baptised young people to communion before they are confirmed.
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^ The discipline of fasting before communion is practised by some Anglicans.
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^ All provinces of the Anglican Communion consist of dioceses , each under the jurisdiction of a bishop .
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.The discipline of fasting before communion is practised by some Anglicans.^ The discipline of fasting before communion is practised by some Anglicans.
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^ In some other parts of the Anglican Communion the position can also be held by deacons.
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^ In many Anglican provinces, however, all baptised Christians are now often invited to receive communion and some dioceses have regularised a system for admitting baptised young people to communion before they are confirmed.
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.Most Anglican priests require the presence of at least one other person for the celebration of the Eucharist (referring back to Christ's statement in Math 18:20 "When two or more are gathered in my name, I will be in the midst of them"), though some Anglo-Catholic priests (like Roman Catholic priests) may say private Masses.^ Once again it is our joy to gather in Eucharist to celebrate the Naming of Jesus.
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ For each personal ordinariate the ordinary may be a former Anglican bishop or priest.
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^ It is NOT what most Anglo-Catholics would want!
  • Standing on My Head: Anglicans and Schism 10 September 2009 21:43 UTC gkupsidedown.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

.As in the Roman Catholic Church, it is a canonical requirement to use fermented wine for the Communion; unlike in mainstream Roman Catholicism, however, the consecrated bread and wine are always offered together to the congregation in a Eucharistic service ("Communion in Both Kinds").^ He is venerated as a saint and martyr by both the Roman Catholic Church and the Anglican Church .

^ Ordinariates within the Roman Catholic Church .
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^ This use of a set order of service is not unlike the Roman Catholic tradition.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This practice is gradually being adopted in the Roman Catholic Church too, especially through the Neocatechumenal Way.^ Ordinariates within the Roman Catholic Church .
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^ Nor does he view the Roman Catholic Church as being in any way sinister or un-Christian.

^ This practice is gradually being adopted in the Roman Catholic Church too, especially through the Neocatechumenal Way .
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.In some churches the sacrament is reserved in a tabernacle or aumbry with a lighted candle or lamp nearby.^ In some churches the sacrament is reserved in a tabernacle or aumbry with a lighted candle or lamp nearby.
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^ Some Low Church Anglicans take a strictly memorialist (Zwinglian) view of the sacrament.
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.Only a priest or a bishop may be the celebrant at the Eucharist, though Sydney Anglicans may soon authorise lay people to celebrate the Eucharist (or Lord's Supper).^ Only a priest or a bishop may be the celebrant at the Eucharist, though Sydney Anglicans may soon authorise lay people to celebrate the Eucharist (or Lord's Supper).
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^ For each personal ordinariate the ordinary may be a former Anglican bishop or priest.
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^ For example, an Anglican chaplain, Robert Wolfall , with Martin Frobisher 's Arctic expedition celebrated the Eucharist in 1578 in Frobisher Bay .
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Divine office

Evensong at York Minster
.All Anglican prayer books contain offices for Morning Prayer (Matins) and Evening Prayer (Evensong).^ Evensong at York Minster All Anglican prayer books contain offices for Morning Prayer (Matins) and Evening Prayer (Evensong).
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^ For more details on the daily Anglican morning office, see Morning Prayer .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For these American Patriots, even the forms of Anglican services were in doubt, since the Prayer Book rites of Matins, Evensong and Holy Communion, all included specific prayers for the British Royal Family.
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.In the original Book of Common Prayer these were derived from combinations of the ancient monastic offices of Matins and Lauds; and Vespers and Compline respectively.^ Together with his associates, he planned the first Book of Common Prayer, which contained all the necessary rites required for public worship under one cover.

^ The wide variety of liturgical forms already existing within the Anglican Communion makes it impossible to refer to any of these liturgies as providing the same kind of theological standard as was provided for four centuries by the Book of Common Prayer.

^ As part of my follow-up, I had a quick look at the CofE Book of Common Prayer.
  • Archbishop Rowan Williams admits future of Anglicanism is 'chaotic' – Telegraph Blogs 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC blogs.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: General]

.The prayer offices have an important place in Anglican history.^ The prayer offices have an important place in Anglican history.
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^ For while the Anglican church is vindicated by its place in history, with a strikingly balanced witness to Gospel and Church and sound learning, its greater vindication lies in its pointing through its own history to something of which it is a fragment.
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^ In England, the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and some other Anglican provinces the modern prayer books contain four offices: .
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.Prior to the Catholic revival of the nineteenth century, which eventually restored the Holy Eucharist as the principal Sunday liturgy, and especially during the eighteenth century, a morning service combining Matins, the Litany and ante-Communion comprised the usual expression of common worship; while Matins and Evensong were sung daily in cathedrals and some collegiate chapels.^ Prior to the Catholic revival of the nineteenth century, which eventually restored the Holy Eucharist as the principal Sunday liturgy, and especially during the eighteenth century, a morning service combining Matins, the Litany and ante-Communion comprised the usual expression of common worship; while Matins and Evensong were sung daily in cathedrals and some collegiate chapels.
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^ The Order for Holy Communion may be celebrated bi-weekly or monthly (in preference to the daily offices ), by priests attired in choir habit , or more regular clothes, rather than Eucharistic vestments.
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^ Is it quite in accordance with our present Protestant notions, that unbaptized persons should not be buried with the rites of the Church?—that every Clergyman should read the Daily Service morning and evening at home, if he cannot get a congregation?—that in college chapels the Holy Communion should be administered every week?—that Saints' Days should be observed?—that stated days of fasting should be set apart by the Church?
  • Newman Reader - Via Media 2 - Via Media 18 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.newmanreader.org [Source type: Original source]

.This nurtured a tradition of distinctive Anglican chant applied to the canticles and psalms used at the offices (although plainsong is often used as well).^ This nurtured a tradition of distinctive Anglican chant applied to the canticles and psalms used at the offices (although plainsong is often used as well).
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^ In many cities, especially in England, Anglican and Roman Catholic priests and lay people often meet several times a week to pray the office in common.
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^ Morning Prayer , for instance, is often used instead of the Holy Eucharist for Sunday worship services, although this is not necessarily true of all low church parishes.
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.In some official and many unofficial Anglican service books these offices are supplemented by other offices such as the Little Hours of Prime and prayer during the day such as (Terce, Sext, None and Compline).^ In some official and unofficial Anglican service books these offices are supplemented by other offices such as the Little Hours of Prime and prayer during the day such as ( Terce , Sext , None and Compline ).
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^ Anglican churches tend to have pews or chairs and it is usual for the congregation to kneel for some prayers but to stand for hymns and other parts of the service such as the Gloria, Collect, Gospel reading, Creed and either the Preface or all of the Eucharistic Prayer.
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^ Morning Prayer, corresponding to Matins and Lauds Prayer During the Day, roughly corresponding to the combination of Terce, Sext and None (Noonday Prayer in the USA) Evening Prayer, corresponding to Vespers Compline In addition, most prayer books include a section of prayers and devotions for family use.
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.Some Anglican monastic communities have a Daily Office based on that of the Book of Common Prayer but with additional antiphons and canticles, etc.^ Some Anglican monastic communities have a Daily Office based on that of the Book of Common Prayer but with additional antiphons and canticles, etc.
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^ For more details on the daily Anglican morning office, see Morning Prayer .
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^ The 1596 Book of Common Prayer The Book of Common Prayer (BCP) is the foundational prayer book of Anglicanism.
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for specific days of the week, specific psalms, etc. .See, for example, Order of the Holy Cross[36] and Order of St Helena, editors, A Monastic Breviary (Wilton, Conn.: Morehouse-Barlow, 1976).^ See, for example, Order of the Holy Cross [ 36 ] and Order of St Helena, editors, A Monastic Breviary (Wilton, Conn.: Morehouse-Barlow, 1976).
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^ Brother Randy Greve is a native of Houston, Texas and spent most of his adult life as a youth minister before joining the Order of the Holy Cross in 2005.
  • Diocese of New Jersey | Ministry Institute | Spring 2010 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC newjersey.anglican.org [Source type: General]

.The All Saints Sisters of the Poor,[37] with convents in Catonsville, Maryland and elsewhere use an elaborated version of the Anglican Daily Office.^ The All Saints Sisters of the Poor, [ 37 ] with convents in Catonsville, Maryland and elsewhere use an elaborated version of the Anglican Daily Office.
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^ Some Anglicans who pray the office on daily basis use the present Divine Office of the Roman Catholic Church.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some Anglican monastic communities have a Daily Office based on that of the Book of Common Prayer but with additional antiphons and canticles, etc.
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The Society of St. Francis publishes Celebrating Common Prayer which has become especially popular for use among Anglicans.
In England, the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and some other Anglican provinces the modern prayer books contain four offices:
  • Morning Prayer, corresponding to Matins and Lauds
  • Prayer During the Day, roughly corresponding to the combination of Terce, Sext and None (Noonday Prayer in the USA)
  • Evening Prayer, corresponding to Vespers
  • Compline
.In addition, most prayer books include a section of prayers and devotions for family use.^ Morning Prayer, corresponding to Matins and Lauds Prayer During the Day, roughly corresponding to the combination of Terce, Sext and None (Noonday Prayer in the USA) Evening Prayer, corresponding to Vespers Compline In addition, most prayer books include a section of prayers and devotions for family use.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Of the three facets of the Anglican source of authority, the one most often cited as the "truest" indication of particularly Anglican doctrine is the Book of Common Prayer .

^ The Book of Common Prayer was written in the language of the people and therefore afforded them the opportunity to reflect on their faith for themselves and most importantly share in every aspect of the worship.

.In the US, these offices are further supplemented by an "Order of Worship for the Evening", a prelude to or an abbreviated form of Evensong, partly derived from Orthodox prayers.^ In the US, these offices are further supplemented by an "Order of Worship for the Evening", a prelude to or an abbreviated form of Evensong, partly derived from Orthodox prayers.
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^ Many Evangelical churches sit lightly to the set forms of morning and evening prayer, though generally respecting the canonical order of Holy Communion.
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^ In the original Book of Common Prayer these were derived from combinations of the ancient monastic offices of Matins and Lauds ; and Vespers and Compline respectively.
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In the United Kingdom, the publication of Daily Prayer, the third volume of Common Worship was published in 2005. It retains the services for Morning and Evening Prayer and Compline and includes a section entitled "Prayer during the Day". 'A New Zealand Prayer Book' of 1989 provides different outlines for Matins and Evensong on each day of the week, as well as "Midday Prayer", "Night Prayer" and "Family Prayer".
.Some Anglicans who pray the office on daily basis use the present Divine Office of the Roman Catholic Church.^ He is venerated as a saint and martyr by both the Roman Catholic Church and the Anglican Church.

^ Catholic church and Anglican orders , The .
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^ I am a former Anglo-Catholic, who became a Roman Catholic about 6 years ago.
  • Archbishop Rowan Williams admits future of Anglicanism is 'chaotic' – Telegraph Blogs 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC blogs.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: General]

.In many cities, especially in England, Anglican and Roman Catholic priests and lay people often meet several times a week to pray the office in common.^ In many cities, especially in England, Anglican and Roman Catholic priests and lay people often meet several times a week to pray the office in common.
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^ From 1828 and 1829, Dissenters and Roman Catholics could be elected to the House of Commons , [ 13 ] which consequently ceased to be a purely Anglican body; but which nevertheless, over the following ten years, engaged in extensive reforming legislation affecting the interests of the established churches of both England and Ireland.
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^ The Society of St. Francis publishes Celebrating Common Prayer which has become especially popular for use among Anglicans.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A small but enthusiastic minority use the Anglican Breviary, or other translations and adaptations of the Pre-Vatican II Roman Rite and Sarum Rite, along with supplemental material from cognate western sources, to provide such things as a common of Octaves, a common of Holy Women and other additional material.^ A small but enthusiastic minority use the Anglican Breviary , or other translations and adaptations of the Pre-Vatican II Roman Rite and Sarum Rite , along with supplemental material from cognate western sources, to provide such things as a common of Octaves, a common of Holy Women and other additional material.
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^ Anglo-Catholic parishes might use the modern Roman Catholic liturgy of the Mass or more traditional forms, such as the Tridentine Mass (which is translated into English in the English Missal ), the Anglican Missal , or, less commonly, the Sarum Rite .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But that doesn’t detract from the good work that was done in other parts of the world, or in those parts of the western Anglican church that still believe the Gospel.

.Others may privately use idiosyncratic forms borrowed from a wide range of Christian traditions.^ The other is the tradition that a central, binding voice of authority is necessary both to keep the Church from error and to achieve Christian unity.

^ Really it seems it may be time to focus as much attention on what traditional Anglicans will do with each other as what they will do with the revisionists.
  • VirtueOnline - News - Exclusives - VIA MEDIA'S STRATEGY EXPOSED 18 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.virtueonline.org [Source type: Original source]

"Quires and Places where they sing"

.In the late medieval period, many English cathedrals and monasteries had established small choirs of trained lay clerks and boy choristers to perform polyphonic settings of the Mass in their Lady Chapels.^ Main article: Anglican church music In the late medieval period, many English cathedrals and monasteries had established small choirs of trained lay clerks and boy choristers to perform polyphonic settings of the Mass in their Lady Chapels .
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^ In 1719 the cathedral choirs of Gloucester , Hereford and Worcester combined to establish the annual Three Choirs Festival , the precursor for the multitude of summer music festivals since.
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^ Consequently, some thirty-four cathedrals, collegiate churches and royal chapels maintained paid establishments of lay singing men and choristers in the late 16th century.
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.Although these "Lady Masses" were discontinued at the Reformation, the associated musical tradition was maintained in the Elizabethan Settlement through the establishment of choral foundations for daily singing of the Divine Office by expanded choirs of men and boys.^ Although these "Lady Masses" were discontinued at the Reformation, the associated musical tradition was maintained in the Elizabethan Settlement through the establishment of choral foundations for daily singing of the Divine Office by expanded choirs of men and boys.
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^ For nearly three centuries, this round of daily professional choral worship represented a tradition entirely distinct from that embodied in the intoning of Parish Clerks , and the singing of " west gallery choirs " which commonly accompanied weekly worship in English parish churches.
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^ However, in 1841, the rebuilt Leeds Parish Church established a surpliced choir to accompany parish services; drawing explicitly on the musical traditions of the ancient choral foundations; and over the next century, the Leeds example proved immensely popular and influential for choirs in cathedrals, parish churches and schools throughout the Anglican communion.
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.This resulted from an explicit addition by Elizabeth herself to the injunctions accompanying the 1559 Book of Common Prayer (that had itself made no mention of choral worship) by which existing choral foundations and choir schools were instructed to be continued, and their endowments secured.^ The 1596 Book of Common Prayer The Book of Common Prayer (BCP) is the foundational prayer book of Anglicanism.
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^ This resulted from an explicit addition by Elizabeth herself to the injunctions accompanying the 1559 Book of Common Prayer (that had itself made no mention of choral worship) by which existing choral foundations and choir schools were instructed to be continued, and their endowments secured.
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^ The theology of the Book of Common Prayer (which itself is now no longer a single standard text and thus has been a blow to the key aspect of Anglican unity--praying together) is a complex, perhaps ulitmately incoherent, attempt to layer traditional Catholic theologies onto a Calvinistic base.
  • The crisis in Anglicanism | National Catholic Reporter 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC ncronline.org [Source type: Original source]

.Consequently, some thirty-four cathedrals, collegiate churches and royal chapels maintained paid establishments of lay singing men and choristers in the late 16th century.^ Consequently, some thirty-four cathedrals, collegiate churches and royal chapels maintained paid establishments of lay singing men and choristers in the late 16th century.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Main article: Anglican church music In the late medieval period, many English cathedrals and monasteries had established small choirs of trained lay clerks and boy choristers to perform polyphonic settings of the Mass in their Lady Chapels .
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^ Sorry Lee, I won't follow your Presbyterians Churches beliefs, practices, and interpretations of Holy Scriptures, that only arose after the 16th century.

[38] .All save four of these have – with an interruption during the Commonwealth – continued daily choral prayer and praise to this day.^ All save four of these have – with an interruption during the Commonwealth – continued daily choral prayer and praise to this day.
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^ It retains the services for Morning and Evening Prayer and Compline and includes a section entitled "Prayer during the Day".
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^ Oh, that we all had the courage to praise God with such openness and conviction in our daily lives...

In the Offices of Matins and Evensong in the 1662 Book of Common Prayer, these choral establishments are specified as "Quires and Places where they sing".
.For nearly three centuries, this round of daily professional choral worship represented a tradition entirely distinct from that embodied in the intoning of Parish Clerks, and the singing of "west gallery choirs" which commonly accompanied weekly worship in English parish churches.^ Tradition represents the mind of the Church.

^ For nearly three centuries, this round of daily professional choral worship represented a tradition entirely distinct from that embodied in the intoning of Parish Clerks , and the singing of " west gallery choirs " which commonly accompanied weekly worship in English parish churches.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, in 1841, the rebuilt Leeds Parish Church established a surpliced choir to accompany parish services; drawing explicitly on the musical traditions of the ancient choral foundations; and over the next century, the Leeds example proved immensely popular and influential for choirs in cathedrals, parish churches and schools throughout the Anglican communion.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, in 1841, the rebuilt Leeds Parish Church established a surpliced choir to accompany parish services; drawing explicitly on the musical traditions of the ancient choral foundations; and over the next century, the Leeds example proved immensely popular and influential for choirs in cathedrals, parish churches and schools throughout the Anglican communion.^ I visited an Anglican service while in England once in an ancient church that had been stolen from the Church.
  • Standing on My Head: Anglicans and Schism 10 September 2009 21:43 UTC gkupsidedown.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, in 1841, the rebuilt Leeds Parish Church established a surpliced choir to accompany parish services; drawing explicitly on the musical traditions of the ancient choral foundations; and over the next century, the Leeds example proved immensely popular and influential for choirs in cathedrals, parish churches and schools throughout the Anglican communion.
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^ As a noun, an Anglican is a member of a Church in the Anglican Communion .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[39] .More or less extensively adapted, this choral tradition also became the direct inspiration for robed choirs leading congregational worship in a wide range of Christian denominations.^ More or less extensively adapted, this choral tradition also became the direct inspiration for robed choirs leading congregational worship in a wide range of Christian denominations.
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^ For nearly three centuries, this round of daily professional choral worship represented a tradition entirely distinct from that embodied in the intoning of Parish Clerks , and the singing of " west gallery choirs " which commonly accompanied weekly worship in English parish churches.
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^ Anglicans have revered Mr. Hooker in part because he saw differences in Christian doctrine to be far less important than Christian commitment to worship.

.In 1719 the cathedral choirs of Gloucester, Hereford and Worcester combined to establish the annual Three Choirs Festival, the precursor for the multitude of summer music festivals since.^ In 1719 the cathedral choirs of Gloucester , Hereford and Worcester combined to establish the annual Three Choirs Festival , the precursor for the multitude of summer music festivals since.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.By the 20th century, the choral tradition had become for many the most accessible face of worldwide Anglicanism – especially as promoted through the regular broadcasting of choral evensong by the BBC; and also in the annual televising of the festival of Nine lessons and carols from King's College, Cambridge.^ By the 20th century, the choral tradition had become for many the most accessible face of worldwide Anglicanism – especially as promoted through the regular broadcasting of choral evensong by the BBC ; and also in the annual televising of the festival of Nine lessons and carols from King's College, Cambridge .
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^ A number of important 20th century works by non-Anglican composers were originally commissioned for the Anglican choral tradition – for example the Chichester Psalms of Leonard Bernstein , and the Nunc dimittis of Arvo Pärt .
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^ Since the 1960s there has been a sharp decline in the number of professed religious in most parts of the Anglican Communion, especially in North America , Europe , and Australia .
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.Composers closely concerned with this tradition include Edward Elgar, Ralph Vaughan Williams, Gustav Holst, Charles Villiers Stanford and Benjamin Britten.^ Composers closely concerned with this tradition include Edward Elgar , Ralph Vaughan Williams , Gustav Holst , Charles Villiers Stanford and Benjamin Britten .
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.A number of important 20th century works by non-Anglican composers were originally commissioned for the Anglican choral tradition – for example the Chichester Psalms of Leonard Bernstein, and the Nunc dimittis of Arvo Pärt.^ A number of important 20th century works by non-Anglican composers were originally commissioned for the Anglican choral tradition – for example the Chichester Psalms of Leonard Bernstein , and the Nunc dimittis of Arvo Pärt .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By the 20th century, the choral tradition had become for many the most accessible face of worldwide Anglicanism – especially as promoted through the regular broadcasting of choral evensong by the BBC ; and also in the annual televising of the festival of Nine lessons and carols from King's College, Cambridge .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, in 1841, the rebuilt Leeds Parish Church established a surpliced choir to accompany parish services; drawing explicitly on the musical traditions of the ancient choral foundations; and over the next century, the Leeds example proved immensely popular and influential for choirs in cathedrals, parish churches and schools throughout the Anglican communion.
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Organization of the Anglican Communion

Principles of governance

.Contrary to popular misconception, the British monarch is not the constitutional "Head" but in law "The Supreme Governor" of the Church of England, nor does he or she have any role in provinces outside England.^ Contrary to popular misconception, the British monarch is not the constitutional "Head" but in law "The Supreme Governor" of the Church of England, nor does he or she have any role in provinces outside England.
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^ The Archbishop is, therefore, recognised as primus inter pares , or first amongst equals even though he does not exercise any direct authority in any province outside England, of which he is chief primate.
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^ And that for 300 years (1535-1829) all subjects of the crown in order to hold any legal or ecclesiastical post had to swear an oath recognizing the king or queen of England as Supreme Head of their Church.
  • The crisis in Anglicanism | National Catholic Reporter 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC ncronline.org [Source type: Original source]

.The role of the crown in the Church of England is practically limited to the appointment of bishops, including the Archbishop of Canterbury, and even this role is limited, as the Church presents the government with a short list of candidates to choose from.^ The role of the crown in the Church of England is practically limited to the appointment of bishops, including the Archbishop of Canterbury, and even this role is limited, as the Church presents the government with a short list of candidates to choose from.
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^ We accord the Archbishop of Canterbury, as the bishop of the See of Canterbury with which Anglicans have historically been in communion, a primacy of honour and respect among the college of bishops in the Anglican Communion as first among equals (primus inter pares).
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Various Lambeth Conferences have sought to define the role and function of the Archbishop of Canterbury and the primacy of the See of Canterbury within the Communion.

.This process is accomplished through collaboration with and consent of ecclesial representatives (see Ecclesiastical Commissioners).^ This process is accomplished through collaboration with and consent of ecclesial representatives (see Ecclesiastical Commissioners ) .
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.The monarch has no constitutional role in Anglican churches in other parts of the world, although the prayer books of several countries where she is head of state maintain prayers for her as sovereign.^ The monarch has no constitutional role in Anglican churches in other parts of the world, although the prayer books of several countries where she is head of state maintain prayers for her as sovereign.
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^ Moreover, Sykes criticises the proposition, implicit in theories of via media , that there is no distinctive body of Anglican doctrine, other than those of the universal church; accusing this of being an excuse not to undertake systematic doctrine at all.
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^ Furthermore, the interior schisms of the Anglican Church - Low Church, High Church, Broad Church, Reformed Anglican Church, and Episcopalians, among others - seem to contest the fact that it is indeed an integral part of the "subsisting Church", as defined by Benedict XVl.
  • The crisis in Anglicanism | National Catholic Reporter 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC ncronline.org [Source type: Original source]

.A characteristic of Anglicanism is that it has no international juridical authority.^ A characteristic of Anglicanism is that it has no international juridical authority.
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^ The Anglican Communion has no international juridical organisation.
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^ The Archbishop of Canterbury has no jurisdiction outside the Church of England, but he is recognized as the spiritual leader of the Anglican Church and one can say he exercises moral authority.

.All thirty-nine provinces of the Anglican Communion are independent, each with their own primate and governing structure.^ All thirty-nine provinces of the Anglican Communion are independent, each with their own primate and governing structure.
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^ The Provinces through their own synodical governments must accept any resolutions calling for action within the Communion.

^ In the Primates' Meeting, the Primates and Moderators are called to work as representatives of their Provinces in collaboration with one another in mission and in doctrinal, moral and pastoral matters that have Communion-wide implications.
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]

.These provinces may take the form of national churches (such as in Canada, Uganda, or Japan) or a collection of nations (such as the West Indies, Central Africa, or South Asia), or geographical regions (such as Vanuatu and Solomon Islands) etc.^ Especially I pray for those whose minds, hearts and spirits are clouded by lack of understanding, inertia and habit, and are remaining in ECUSA, the CofC, Brazil, The Central American Churches, South Africa, New Zealand and Australia.

^ These articles were all hidden, as it were, in the Church's bosom from the first [ Note 9 ], and brought out into form according to the occasion.
  • Newman Reader - Via Media 2 - Via Media 18 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.newmanreader.org [Source type: Original source]

^ South America, particularly Brazil, and (to a lesser, but still significant, extent) from Africa and South-East Asia.

.Within these Communion provinces may exist subdivisions called ecclesiastical provinces, under the jurisdiction of a metropolitan archbishop.^ Within these Communion provinces may exist subdivisions called ecclesiastical provinces , under the jurisdiction of a metropolitan archbishop.
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^ In the Primates' Meeting, the Primates and Moderators are called to work as representatives of their Provinces in collaboration with one another in mission and in doctrinal, moral and pastoral matters that have Communion-wide implications.
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ We, as Churches of the Anglican Communion, under the Lordship of Jesus Christ, solemnly covenant together in these following affirmations and commitments.
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]

.All provinces of the Anglican Communion consist of dioceses, each under the jurisdiction of a bishop.^ All provinces of the Anglican Communion consist of dioceses , each under the jurisdiction of a bishop .
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^ We accord the Archbishop of Canterbury, as the bishop of the See of Canterbury with which Anglicans have historically been in communion, a primacy of honour and respect among the college of bishops in the Anglican Communion as first among equals (primus inter pares).
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ With the bishop, the Council is given all temporal powers of the Diocese, except those delegated to some officer, agency, or committee during the interim between Councils.
  • Class 10 of a Christian Education Course for People Inquiring about the Christian Faith and the Episcopal Denomination 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.williamgstroop.com [Source type: Original source]

.In the Anglican tradition, bishops must be consecrated according to the strictures of apostolic succession, which Anglicans consider one of the marks of catholicity.^ In the Anglican tradition, bishops must be consecrated according to the strictures of apostolic succession , which Anglicans consider one of the marks of catholicity .
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^ We accord the Archbishop of Canterbury, as the bishop of the See of Canterbury with which Anglicans have historically been in communion, a primacy of honour and respect among the college of bishops in the Anglican Communion as first among equals (primus inter pares).
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ You consider that, as time goes on, fresh and fresh articles of faith are necessary to secure the Church's purity, according to the rise of successive heresies and errors.
  • Newman Reader - Via Media 2 - Via Media 18 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.newmanreader.org [Source type: Original source]

.Apart from bishops, there are two other orders of ordained ministry: deacon and priest.^ Bishops are assisted by priests and deacons .
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^ If women can be ordained to the major order of deacon, then why can’t they be ordered priests and consecrated bishops?
  • VirtueOnline - News - Exclusives - VIA MEDIA'S STRATEGY EXPOSED 18 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.virtueonline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Apart from bishops, there are two other orders of ordained ministry: deacon and priest .
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.No requirement is made for clerical celibacy, though many Anglo-Catholic priests have traditionally been bachelors.^ No requirement is made for clerical celibacy , though many Anglo-Catholic priests have traditionally been bachelors.
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^ Whilst many Anglo-Catholics derive much of their liturgical practice from that of the pre-Reformation English church, others more closely follow traditional Roman Catholic practices.
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^ In many cities, especially in England, Anglican and Roman Catholic priests and lay people often meet several times a week to pray the office in common.
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.Because of innovations that occurred at various points after the latter half of the twentieth century, women may be ordained as deacons in almost all provinces, as priests in some, and as bishops in a few provinces.^ Bishops are assisted by priests and deacons .
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^ Because of innovations that occurred at various points after the latter half of the twentieth century, women may be ordained as deacons in almost all provinces, as priests in some, and as bishops in a few provinces.
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^ The following are some of its doctrines: that the Church has an existence independent of the State; that the State may not religiously interfere with its internal concerns; that none may engage in ministerial works except such as are episcopally ordained; that the consecration of the Eucharist is especially entrusted to Bishops and Priests.
  • Newman Reader - Via Media 2 - Via Media 18 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.newmanreader.org [Source type: Original source]

.Anglican religious orders and communities, suppressed in England during the Reformation, have re-emerged, especially since the mid-nineteenth century, and now have an international presence and influence.^ Anglican religious orders and communities, suppressed in England during the Reformation, have re-emerged, especially since the mid-nineteenth century, and now have an international presence and influence.
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^ Others suggest that this phrase was made popular in the nineteenth century by the Oxford Movement, especially John Henry Newman, and referred to Anglicanism’s position between Roman Catholicism on the one hand and Protestantism on the other.

^ Since the 1960s there has been a sharp decline in the number of professed religious in most parts of the Anglican Communion, especially in North America , Europe , and Australia .
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.Government in the Anglican Communion is synodical, consisting of three houses of laity (usually elected parish representatives), clergy, and bishops.^ Government in the Anglican Communion is synodical , consisting of three houses of laity (usually elected parish representatives), clergy , and bishops.
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^ The council consists of representative bishops, clergy, and laity chosen by the thirty-eight provinces.
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^ We accord the Archbishop of Canterbury, as the bishop of the See of Canterbury with which Anglicans have historically been in communion, a primacy of honour and respect among the college of bishops in the Anglican Communion as first among equals (primus inter pares).
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]

.National, provincial, and diocesan synods maintain different scopes of authority, depending on their canons and constitutions.^ National, provincial, and diocesan synods maintain different scopes of authority, depending on their canons and constitutions .
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^ Discipline" has to do with the requirements of the Constitution and Canons of the national church.

^ Anglicanism is not congregational in its polity: It is the diocese, not the parish church, which is the smallest unit of authority in the church, and diocesan bishops must give their assent to resolutions passed by synods.
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.Anglicanism is not congregational in its polity: It is the diocese, not the parish church, which is the smallest unit of authority in the church, and diocesan bishops must give their assent to resolutions passed by synods.^ Anglicanism is not congregational in its polity: It is the diocese, not the parish church, which is the smallest unit of authority in the church, and diocesan bishops must give their assent to resolutions passed by synods.
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^ So that's the way our church is, and our constitution gives a lot of authority to the bishop.
  • Anglicanism and Global Affairs: The Windsor Report and Beyond 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC pewforum.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He argues, instead, that the more than 700 orthodox Anglican parishes in Canada and the United States that have left their national churches behind represent where the vast majority of Anglicans in the world are -- and where the rest of the Anglicans will soon be.

(See Episcopal polity).

Focus of Unity: The Archbishop of Canterbury

Arms of the See of Canterbury.
.The Archbishop of Canterbury has a precedence of honour over the other primates of the Anglican Communion, and for a province to be considered a part of the Communion means specifically to be in full communion with the See of Canterbury.^ In some other parts of the Anglican Communion the position can also be held by deacons.
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^ If an Anglican church is a member of the Anglican Communion, it is said to be "in communion", or "in communion with the See of Canterbury".
  • Class 10 of a Christian Education Course for People Inquiring about the Christian Faith and the Episcopal Denomination 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.williamgstroop.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Part of a series on the Anglican Communion .
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.The Archbishop is, therefore, recognised as primus inter pares, or first amongst equals even though he does not exercise any direct authority in any province outside England, of which he is chief primate.^ He is primus inter pares (first among equals) among the Bishops of the Anglican Communion.

^ The Archbishop is, therefore, recognised as primus inter pares , or first amongst equals even though he does not exercise any direct authority in any province outside England, of which he is chief primate.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We accord the Archbishop of Canterbury, as the bishop of the See of Canterbury with which Anglicans have historically been in communion, a primacy of honour and respect among the college of bishops in the Anglican Communion as first among equals (primus inter pares).
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]

.The current Archbishop of Canterbury as of 2003, Rowan Williams is the first appointed from outside the Church of England since the Reformation: he was formerly the Archbishop of Wales.^ The current Archbishop of Canterbury as of 2003, Rowan Williams is the first appointed from outside the Church of England since the Reformation: he was formerly the Archbishop of Wales .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Archbishop is, therefore, recognised as primus inter pares , or first amongst equals even though he does not exercise any direct authority in any province outside England, of which he is chief primate.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We accord the Archbishop of Canterbury, as the bishop of the See of Canterbury with which Anglicans have historically been in communion, a primacy of honour and respect among the college of bishops in the Anglican Communion as first among equals (primus inter pares).
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]

.As "spiritual head" of the Communion, the Archbishop of Canterbury maintains a certain moral authority, and has the right to determine which churches will be in communion with his See.^ As "spiritual head" of the Communion, the Archbishop of Canterbury maintains a certain moral authority, and has the right to determine which churches will be in communion with his See .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We accord the Archbishop of Canterbury, as the bishop of the See of Canterbury with which Anglicans have historically been in communion, a primacy of honour and respect among the college of bishops in the Anglican Communion as first among equals (primus inter pares).
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ The ordination of Gene Robinson in 2003, against the strong advice of the Archbishop of Canterbury, the moral authority of Lambeth '98, and the appeals of the Primates' Meeting, "has led the Anglican Communion into the worst crisis it has ever faced, and from which it is unlikely to recover."
  • The crisis in Anglicanism | National Catholic Reporter 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC ncronline.org [Source type: Original source]

.He hosts and chairs the Lambeth Conferences of Anglican Communion bishops, and decides who will be invited to them.^ LAMBETH CONFERENCES The Lambeth Conferences are the most important administrative gatherings of the Anglican Communion.

^ He hosts and chairs the Lambeth Conferences of Anglican Communion bishops, and decides who will be invited to them.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He also hosts and chairs the Anglican Communion Primates' Meeting and is responsible for the invitations to it.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He also hosts and chairs the Anglican Communion Primates' Meeting and is responsible for the invitations to it.^ He also hosts and chairs the Anglican Communion Primates' Meeting and is responsible for the invitations to it.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Anglican Communion Primates' Meeting is the most recent manifestation of international consultation and deliberation, having been first convened by Archbishop Donald Coggan in 1978 as a forum for "leisurely thought, prayer and deep consultation."
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the Primates' Meeting, the Primates and Moderators are called to work as representatives of their Provinces in collaboration with one another in mission and in doctrinal, moral and pastoral matters that have Communion-wide implications.
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]

.He acts as president of the secretariat of the Anglican Communion Office, and its deliberative body, the Anglican Consultative Council.^ The Standing Committee of the Anglican Communion, responsible to the Anglican Consultative Council and the Primates' Meeting, shall monitor the functioning of the Covenant in the life of the Anglican Communion on behalf of the Instruments.
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Churches of the Anglican Communion, while upholding our mutual responsibility and interdependence in the Body of Christ[21], and the responsibility of each to the Communion as a whole[22].
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ On the basis of advice received from the Anglican Consultative Council and the Primates' Meeting, the Standing Committee may make a declaration that an action or decision is or would be "incompatible with the Covenant".
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]

Instruments of unity

.The Anglican Communion has no international juridical organisation.^ I have no doubt that this is the decision (and the right one) that is coming upon all of us but sad that Satan is winning a battle in the Anglican Communion.

^ True, the African Churches of the Communion may be regressive in their thinking; this is beside the point, however, because there now are bishops and entire Churches of the Anglican Communion that are no longer in Communion.
  • The crisis in Anglicanism | National Catholic Reporter 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC ncronline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There’s no doubt that Dr Williams is referring to the chaotic and uncertain future of the Anglican Communion.
  • Archbishop Rowan Williams admits future of Anglicanism is 'chaotic' – Telegraph Blogs 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC blogs.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: General]

.All international bodies are consultative and collaborative, and their resolutions are not legally binding on the independent provinces of the Communion.^ All international bodies are consultative and collaborative, and their resolutions are not legally binding on the independent provinces of the Communion.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Provinces through their own synodical governments must accept any resolutions calling for action within the Communion.

^ In the Primates' Meeting, the Primates and Moderators are called to work as representatives of their Provinces in collaboration with one another in mission and in doctrinal, moral and pastoral matters that have Communion-wide implications.
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]

.There are three international bodies of note.^ There are three international bodies of note.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.
  1. The Lambeth Conference is the oldest international consultation.^ The Lambeth Conference is the oldest international consultation.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ As a focus and means of unity, the Archbishop gathers and works with the Lambeth Conference and Primates' Meeting, and presides in the Anglican Consultative Council.
    • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Anglican Consultative Council was created by a 1968 Lambeth Conference resolution, and meets biennially .
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    It was first convened by Archbishop Charles Longley in 1867 as a vehicle for bishops of the Communion to "discuss matters of practical interest, and pronounce what we deem expedient in resolutions which may serve as safe guides to future action." Since then, it has been held roughly every ten years. .Invitation is by the Archbishop of Canterbury.
  2. The Anglican Consultative Council was created by a 1968 Lambeth Conference resolution, and meets biennially.^ The Anglican Consultative Council was created by a 1968 Lambeth Conference resolution, and meets biennially .
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ As a focus and means of unity, the Archbishop gathers and works with the Lambeth Conference and Primates' Meeting, and presides in the Anglican Consultative Council.
    • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Lambeth Conference is the oldest international consultation.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The council consists of representative bishops, clergy, and laity chosen by the thirty-eight provinces. The body has a permanent secretariat, the Anglican Communion Office, of which the Archbishop of Canterbury is president.
  3. The Anglican Communion Primates' Meeting is the most recent manifestation of international consultation and deliberation, having been first convened by Archbishop Donald Coggan in 1978 as a forum for "leisurely thought, prayer and deep consultation."

Ordained ministry

Priest in Eucharistic vestments.
.Like the Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches (but unlike most Protestant churches), the Anglican Communion maintains the threefold ministry of deacons, priests and bishops.^ Bishops are assisted by priests and deacons .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ordinariates within the Roman Catholic Church .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Like the Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches (but unlike most Protestant churches), the Anglican Communion maintains the threefold ministry of deacons, priests and bishops.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Episcopate

.Bishops, who possess the fullness of Christian priesthood, are the successors of the Apostles.^ Main article: Bishop Bishops , who possess the fullness of Christian priesthood, are the successors of the Apostles .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The apostles who could confer this priesthood were all dead long before Rome decided to adopt christianity and use it as a force to strengthen and solidify their power.
  • Albert Mohler : The Collapse of Anglicanism - Townhall.com 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC townhall.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Holy Apostles, there Holy Successors and Bishops, etc)?

.Primates, archbishops and metropolitans are all bishops and members of the historical episcopate who derive their authority through apostolic succession – an unbroken line of bishops that can be traced back to the twelve apostles of Jesus.^ Primates, archbishops and metropolitans are all bishops and members of the historical episcopate who derive their authority through apostolic succession – an unbroken line of bishops that can be traced back to the twelve apostles of Jesus .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By the way, our Apostolic Succession can be historically traced.

^ We accord the Archbishop of Canterbury, as the bishop of the See of Canterbury with which Anglicans have historically been in communion, a primacy of honour and respect among the college of bishops in the Anglican Communion as first among equals (primus inter pares).
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]

Priesthood

.Bishops are assisted by priests and deacons.^ Bishops are assisted by priests and deacons .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Like the Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches (but unlike most Protestant churches), the Anglican Communion maintains the threefold ministry of deacons, priests and bishops.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Deacons may baptize and in some dioceses are granted licences to solemnize matrimony , usually under the instruction of their parish priest and bishop .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Most ordained ministers in the Anglican Communion are priests, who usually work in parishes within a diocese.^ Most ordained ministers in the Anglican Communion are priests , who usually work in parishes within a diocese.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since the 1960s there has been a sharp decline in the number of professed religious in most parts of the Anglican Communion, especially in North America , Europe , and Australia .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The degree of distinction between Reformed and western Catholic tendencies within the Anglican tradition is routinely a matter of debate both within specific Anglican churches and throughout the Anglican Communion .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Priests in charge of the spiritual life of parishes are usually called the rector or vicar.^ Priests in charge of the spiritual life of parishes are usually called the rector or vicar .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Deacons may baptize and in some dioceses are granted licences to solemnize matrimony , usually under the instruction of their parish priest and bishop .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most ordained ministers in the Anglican Communion are priests , who usually work in parishes within a diocese.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A curate (or, more correctly, an 'assistant curate') is a term often used for a priest or deacon who assists the parish priest.^ Bishops are assisted by priests and deacons .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A curate (or, more correctly, an 'assistant curate') is a term often used for a priest or deacon who assists the parish priest.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Yet there are many conservatives that would not participate in a service that uses a bible believing holy Christian female deacon, priest, LEM, or chalice bearer.
  • VirtueOnline - News - Exclusives - VIA MEDIA'S STRATEGY EXPOSED 18 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.virtueonline.org [Source type: Original source]

.Non-parochial priests may earn their living by any vocation, although employment by educational institutions or charitable organizations is most common.^ Non-parochial priests may earn their living by any vocation, although employment by educational institutions or charitable organizations is most common.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Priests also serve as chaplains of hospitals, schools, prisons, and in the armed forces.^ Priests also serve as chaplains of hospitals, schools, prisons, and in the armed forces.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ British Muslims serving in the Armed Forces.
  • Ruth Gledhill - Times Online - WBLG: Muslim gunman shouts 'Allahu Akbar' before 13 shot dead 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC timescolumns.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It aims to ‘serve the spiritual needs and religious welfare of Muslims who serve or have served in the United States Armed Forces, their dependents, as well as veterans'....
  • Ruth Gledhill - Times Online - WBLG: Muslim gunman shouts 'Allahu Akbar' before 13 shot dead 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC timescolumns.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

.An archdeacon is a priest or deacon responsible for administration of an archdeaconry, which is often the name given to the principal subdivisions of a diocese.^ An archdeacon is a priest or deacon responsible for administration of an archdeaconry , which is often the name given to the principal subdivisions of a diocese .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Deacons may baptize and in some dioceses are granted licences to solemnize matrimony , usually under the instruction of their parish priest and bishop .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In parts of the Anglican Communion where women cannot be ordained as priests or bishops but can be ordained as deacons, the position of archdeacon is effectively the most senior office an ordained woman can be appointed to.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.An archdeacon represents the diocesan bishop in his or her archdeaconry.^ An archdeacon represents the diocesan bishop in his or her archdeaconry.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the Church of England the position of archdeacon can only be held by someone in priestly orders who has been ordained for at least six years.^ In the Church of England the position of archdeacon can only be held by someone in priestly orders who has been ordained for at least six years.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And here I think it's probably important to note that for at least the last 30 years in the Episcopal Church, homosexuality has been a subject of discussion and debate.
  • Anglicanism and Global Affairs: The Windsor Report and Beyond 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC pewforum.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Puritans never left the Church of England, as did, eg, the Brownists (who we have come to call the Pilgrims.
  • Albert Mohler : The Collapse of Anglicanism - Townhall.com 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC townhall.com [Source type: Original source]

.In some other parts of the Anglican Communion the position can also be held by deacons.^ In some other parts of the Anglican Communion the position can also be held by deacons.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Part of a series on the Anglican Communion .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anglican churches tend to have pews or chairs and it is usual for the congregation to kneel for some prayers but to stand for hymns and other parts of the service such as the Gloria, Collect, Gospel reading, Creed and either the Preface or all of the Eucharistic Prayer.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In parts of the Anglican Communion where women cannot be ordained as priests or bishops but can be ordained as deacons, the position of archdeacon is effectively the most senior office an ordained woman can be appointed to.^ In some other parts of the Anglican Communion the position can also be held by deacons.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bishops are assisted by priests and deacons .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In parts of the Anglican Communion where women cannot be ordained as priests or bishops but can be ordained as deacons, the position of archdeacon is effectively the most senior office an ordained woman can be appointed to.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Anglican Communion recognizes Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox ordinations as valid.^ Anglicanism represents the third largest Christian communion in the world, after the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Churches .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Anglican Communion recognizes Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox ordinations as valid.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With over eighty [ 3 ] million members the Anglican Communion is the third largest Christian communion in the world, after the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Outside the Anglican Communion, Anglican ordinations (at least of male priests) are recognized by the Old Catholic Church and various Independent Catholic churches.^ The Anglican Communion recognizes Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox ordinations as valid.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Catholic church and Anglican orders , The .
  • Parish Library | Saint Thomas's Anglican Church, Toronto 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.stthomas.on.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Outside the Anglican Communion, Anglican ordinations (at least of male priests) are recognized by the Old Catholic Church and various Independent Catholic churches.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Diaconate

The vestments of a deacon, including a stole over his left shoulder.
.In Anglican churches, deacons often work directly in ministry to the marginalised inside and outside the church: the poor, the sick, the hungry, the imprisoned.^ Main article: Deacon In Anglican churches, deacons often work directly in ministry to the marginalised inside and outside the church: the poor, the sick, the hungry, the imprisoned.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But that doesn’t detract from the good work that was done in other parts of the world, or in those parts of the western Anglican church that still believe the Gospel.

^ Like the Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches (but unlike most Protestant churches), the Anglican Communion maintains the threefold ministry of deacons, priests and bishops.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Unlike Orthodox and Roman Catholic deacons who may be married only before ordination, deacons are permitted to marry freely both before and after ordination, as are priests.^ Unlike Orthodox and Roman Catholic deacons who may be married only before ordination, deacons are permitted to marry freely both before and after ordination, as are priests.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Like the Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches (but unlike most Protestant churches), the Anglican Communion maintains the threefold ministry of deacons, priests and bishops.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I am a former Anglo-Catholic, who became a Roman Catholic about 6 years ago.
  • Archbishop Rowan Williams admits future of Anglicanism is 'chaotic' – Telegraph Blogs 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC blogs.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: General]

.Most deacons are preparing for priesthood, and usually only remain as deacons for about a year before being ordained priests.^ Most deacons are preparing for priesthood, and usually only remain as deacons for about a year before being ordained priests.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Like the Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches (but unlike most Protestant churches), the Anglican Communion maintains the threefold ministry of deacons, priests and bishops.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Before being called to the ministry, she worked on Wall Street for fourteen years.
  • Diocese of New Jersey | Ministry Institute | Spring 2010 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC newjersey.anglican.org [Source type: General]

.However, there are some deacons who remain deacons.^ However, there are many doctrinally Protestant Anglicans who are clearly High Church in their liturgical bend, and some (not a majority, mind you) Anglo-Catholics who are VERY Low Church in their practice.
  • Archbishop Rowan Williams admits future of Anglicanism is 'chaotic' – Telegraph Blogs 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC blogs.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ God is the one who makes this decision, not some deacon, minister, priest, bishop, or the pope himself.
  • Albert Mohler : The Collapse of Anglicanism - Townhall.com 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC townhall.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, there were so many young guys who went into the ministry of many denominations, to avoid the draft,and they shifted their churches leftward.
  • Albert Mohler : The Collapse of Anglicanism - Townhall.com 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC townhall.com [Source type: Original source]

.Many provinces of the Anglican Communion ordain both women and men as deacons.^ To use the Greek word that translates into English as “servant” as the precedence (the Greek is diakanos) for ordaining women to the major order of deacon is simply theologically and intellectually dishonest.
  • VirtueOnline - News - Exclusives - VIA MEDIA'S STRATEGY EXPOSED 18 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.virtueonline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "The phrase ‘we are committed to walking together' was used on a number of occasions both in relations to dioceses within the Anglican Church of Canada and in relation to the wider Communion.
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Given in conjunction with the School for Deacons of the Diocese, this course begins with the Reformation and traces the development of the Church of England, the Episcopal Church, and the Anglican Communion.
  • Diocese of New Jersey | Ministry Institute | Spring 2010 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC newjersey.anglican.org [Source type: General]

.Many of those provinces that ordain women to the priesthood previously allowed them to be ordained only to the diaconate.^ Many of those provinces that ordain women to the priesthood previously allowed them to be ordained only to the diaconate.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most deacons are preparing for priesthood, and usually only remain as deacons for about a year before being ordained priests.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Only baptised persons are eligible to receive communion, [ 35 ] although in many churches communion is restricted to those who have not only been baptised but also confirmed .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The effect of this was the creation of a large and overwhelmingly female diaconate for a time, as most men proceeded to be ordained priest after a short time as a deacon.^ The effect of this was the creation of a large and overwhelmingly female diaconate for a time, as most men proceeded to be ordained priest after a short time as a deacon.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Yet there are many conservatives that would not participate in a service that uses a bible believing holy Christian female deacon, priest, LEM, or chalice bearer.
  • VirtueOnline - News - Exclusives - VIA MEDIA'S STRATEGY EXPOSED 18 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.virtueonline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The fact that for so long the permanent diaconate was essentially ignored has led to the conclusion that the line between priest and deacon doesn't logically exist.
  • VirtueOnline - News - Exclusives - VIA MEDIA'S STRATEGY EXPOSED 18 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.virtueonline.org [Source type: Original source]

.Deacons may baptize and in some dioceses are granted licences to solemnize matrimony, usually under the instruction of their parish priest and bishop.^ Bishops are assisted by priests and deacons .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Deacons may baptize and in some dioceses are granted licences to solemnize matrimony , usually under the instruction of their parish priest and bishop .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Finally, I am not trying to change anyone’s mind, I am merely pointing out the fact that there are a number of reasons why women (in my mind and many other’s) can’t be deacons, priests, and bishops, and that it is not out of some since of chauvinistic notion of patriarchy.
  • VirtueOnline - News - Exclusives - VIA MEDIA'S STRATEGY EXPOSED 18 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.virtueonline.org [Source type: Original source]

.They sometimes officiate at Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament, in the churches that have this service.^ They sometimes officiate at Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament , in the churches that have this service.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Traditional Catholic devotions such as the Rosary , Angelus and Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament are also common among Anglo-Catholics.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Such churches may also have forms of Eucharistic adoration such as Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Deacons are not permitted to preside at the Eucharist (but can lead worship with the distribution of already-consecrated Communion where this is permitted), absolve sins or pronounce a blessing in the name of the Church,[40] (however, these last two are sometimes permitted in an indirect form).^ Deacons are not permitted to preside at the Eucharist (but can lead worship with the distribution of already-consecrated Communion where this is permitted), absolve sins or pronounce a blessing in the name of the Church, [ 40 ] (however, these last two are sometimes permitted in an indirect form).
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These churches generally believe that traditional forms of Anglican faith and worship have been unacceptably revised or abandoned within some Anglican Communion churches in recent decades and thus claim that they are "continuing" the traditional forms of Anglicanism.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Until the mid-twentieth century the main Sunday service was typically morning prayer , but the Eucharist has once again become the standard form of Sunday worship in many Anglican churches; this again is similar to Roman Catholic practice.
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.It is the prohibition against deacons pronouncing a blessing in the Church's name that leads some in the church to believe that a deacon cannot properly solemnize matrimony.^ It is the prohibition against deacons pronouncing a blessing in the Church's name that leads some in the church to believe that a deacon cannot properly solemnize matrimony.
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^ Some of us happen to believe the Tractarians were a blessing to the church, providing needed correction.

^ Deacons may baptize and in some dioceses are granted licences to solemnize matrimony , usually under the instruction of their parish priest and bishop .
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.In most cases, deacons minister alongside other clergy.^ In most cases, deacons minister alongside other clergy.
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Laity

.All baptised members of the church are called Christian faithful, truly equal in dignity and in the work to build the church.^ All baptised members of the church are called Christian faithful , truly equal in dignity and in the work to build the church.
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^ For it is not sent to commend itself as ‘the best type of Christianity,’ but by its very brokenness to point to the universal Church wherein all have died.
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^ All that we know about Stephen the Protomartyr (that is, the first martyr of the Christian Church) is found in chapters 6 and 7 of the Book of Acts.

.Some non-ordained people also have a formal public ministry, often on a full-time and life-long basis – such as lay readers (also known as readers), churchwardens, vergers and sextons.^ They include in-depth financial planning, retirement life planning for those within five years of retirement, and a special workshop for non-ordained spouses/partners and surviving spouses.
  • Diocese of New Jersey | Ministry Institute | Spring 2010 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC newjersey.anglican.org [Source type: General]

Religious life

.A small yet influential aspect of Anglicanism is its religious orders and communities.^ See also: Anglican religious order and Anglican devotions A small yet influential aspect of Anglicanism is its religious orders and communities.
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^ Anglican religious orders and communities, suppressed in England during the Reformation, have re-emerged, especially since the mid-nineteenth century, and now have an international presence and influence.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Shortly after the beginning of the Catholic Revival in the Church of England, there was a renewal of interest in re-establishing religious and monastic orders and communities.
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.Shortly after the beginning of the Catholic Revival in the Church of England, there was a renewal of interest in re-establishing religious and monastic orders and communities.^ Shortly after the beginning of the Catholic Revival in the Church of England, there was a renewal of interest in re-establishing religious and monastic orders and communities.
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^ From 1828 and 1829, Dissenters and Roman Catholics could be elected to the House of Commons , [ 13 ] which consequently ceased to be a purely Anglican body; but which nevertheless, over the following ten years, engaged in extensive reforming legislation affecting the interests of the established churches of both England and Ireland.
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^ God, thankful that in our eucharistic communion "Christ is the source and goal of the unity of the Church and of the renewal of human community"[14].
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]

.One of Henry VIII's earliest acts was their dissolution and seizure of their assets.^ One of Henry VIII's earliest acts was their dissolution and seizure of their assets.
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.In 1841 Marion Rebecca Hughes became the first woman to take the vows of religion in communion with the Province of Canterbury since the Reformation.^ In 1841 Marion Rebecca Hughes became the first woman to take the vows of religion in communion with the Province of Canterbury since the Reformation.
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^ The Archbishop of Canterbury has a precedence of honour over the other primates of the Anglican Communion, and for a province to be considered a part of the Communion means specifically to be in full communion with the See of Canterbury .
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^ The current Archbishop of Canterbury as of 2003, Rowan Williams is the first appointed from outside the Church of England since the Reformation: he was formerly the Archbishop of Wales .
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.In 1848, Priscilla Lydia Sellon became the superior of the Society of the Most Holy Trinity at Devonport, the first organised religious order.^ In 1848, Priscilla Lydia Sellon became the superior of the Society of the Most Holy Trinity at Devonport, the first organised religious order.
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^ The methods are well-documented as employed across a wide spectrum but, most frequently identified in, religious, political and corporate (business) organisations.
  • Ruth Gledhill - Times Online - WBLG: Muslim gunman shouts 'Allahu Akbar' before 13 shot dead 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC timescolumns.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Brother Randy Greve is a native of Houston, Texas and spent most of his adult life as a youth minister before joining the Order of the Holy Cross in 2005.
  • Diocese of New Jersey | Ministry Institute | Spring 2010 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC newjersey.anglican.org [Source type: General]

.Sellon is called "the restorer, after three centuries, of the religious life in the Church of England."^ Sellon is called "the restorer, after three centuries, of the religious life in the Church of England."
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For what the doctrine of the Church is, what it has been for three centuries, is a matter of fact which without reading cannot be known.
  • Newman Reader - Via Media 2 - Via Media 18 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.newmanreader.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It was called common prayer originally because it was intended for use in all Church of England churches which had previously followed differing local liturgies.
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[41] .For the next one hundred years, religious orders for both men and women proliferated throughout the world, becoming a numerically small but disproportionately influential feature of global Anglicanism.^ See also: Anglican religious order and Anglican devotions A small yet influential aspect of Anglicanism is its religious orders and communities.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anglican religious life at one time boasted hundreds of orders and communities, and thousands of religious .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For the next one hundred years, religious orders for both men and women proliferated throughout the world, becoming a numerically small but disproportionately influential feature of global Anglicanism.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Anglican religious life at one time boasted hundreds of orders and communities, and thousands of religious.^ Anglican religious life at one time boasted hundreds of orders and communities, and thousands of religious .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ PS. Literally thousands, perhaps hundreds of thousands, of RC clerics and members of RC religious orders world-wide, stand indicted of paedophilia.
  • Ruth Gledhill - Times Online - WBLG: Muslim gunman shouts 'Allahu Akbar' before 13 shot dead 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC timescolumns.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Anglican religious orders and communities, suppressed in England during the Reformation, have re-emerged, especially since the mid-nineteenth century, and now have an international presence and influence.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.An important aspect of Anglican religious life is that most communities of both men and women lived their lives consecrated to God under the vows of poverty, chastity and obedience (or in Benedictine communities, Stability, Conversion of Life, and Obedience) by practicing a mixed life of reciting the full eight services of the Breviary in choir, along with a daily Eucharist, plus service to the poor.^ An important aspect of Anglican religious life is that most communities of both men and women lived their lives consecrated to God under the vows of poverty , chastity and obedience (or in Benedictine communities, Stability, Conversion of Life, and Obedience) by practicing a mixed life of reciting the full eight services of the Breviary in choir, along with a daily Eucharist , plus service to the poor.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since the 1960s there has been a sharp decline in the number of professed religious in most parts of the Anglican Communion, especially in North America , Europe , and Australia .
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^ Their orientation is best summed up by Lightfoot's observation that "Life which Christ is and which Christ communicates, the life which fills our whole beings as we realise its capacities, is active fellowship with God."
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.The mixed life, combining aspects of the contemplative orders and the active orders remains to this day a hallmark of Anglican religious life.^ The mixed life, combining aspects of the contemplative orders and the active orders remains to this day a hallmark of Anglican religious life.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ See also: Anglican religious order and Anglican devotions A small yet influential aspect of Anglicanism is its religious orders and communities.
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^ The Anglican Pacifist Fellowship remain highly active throughout the Anglican world.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Another distinctive feature of Anglican religious life is the existence of some mixed-gender communities.^ Another distinctive feature of Anglican religious life is the existence of some mixed-gender communities.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ See also: Anglican religious order and Anglican devotions A small yet influential aspect of Anglicanism is its religious orders and communities.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some Anglican monastic communities have a Daily Office based on that of the Book of Common Prayer but with additional antiphons and canticles, etc.
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.Since the 1960s there has been a sharp decline in the number of professed religious in most parts of the Anglican Communion, especially in North America, Europe, and Australia.^ Part of a series on the Anglican Communion .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since the 1960s there has been a sharp decline in the number of professed religious in most parts of the Anglican Communion, especially in North America , Europe , and Australia .
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^ There are however, still thousands of Anglican religious working today in approximately 200 communities around the world, and religious life in many parts of the Communion – especially in developing nations – flourishes.
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.Many once large and international communities have been reduced to a single convent or monastery with memberships of elderly men or women.^ Many once large and international communities have been reduced to a single convent or monastery with memberships of elderly men or women.
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^ I am a simple man that has learned what I can thru bible study, and biblical instructions thru many Holy Spirit filled men and women.
  • VirtueOnline - News - Exclusives - VIA MEDIA'S STRATEGY EXPOSED 18 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.virtueonline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Many provinces of the Anglican Communion ordain both women and men as deacons.
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.In the last few decades of the 20th century, novices have for most communities been few and far between.^ In the last few decades of the 20th century, novices have for most communities been few and far between.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Show me a real Catholic bishop in England and Wales in the last few decades and I will show you a fulsome comment of praise.
  • Archbishop Rowan Williams admits future of Anglicanism is 'chaotic' – Telegraph Blogs 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC blogs.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: General]

.Some orders and communities have already become extinct.^ Some orders and communities have already become extinct.
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.There are however, still thousands of Anglican religious working today in approximately 200 communities around the world, and religious life in many parts of the Communion – especially in developing nations – flourishes.^ Anglican religious life at one time boasted hundreds of orders and communities, and thousands of religious .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Part of a series on the Anglican Communion .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are deaconesses in many parts of the Communion today, and ordaining them is a formality recognizing that fact.
  • VirtueOnline - News - Exclusives - VIA MEDIA'S STRATEGY EXPOSED 18 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.virtueonline.org [Source type: Original source]

.The most significant growth has been in the Melanesian countries of the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and Papua New Guinea.^ The most significant growth has been in the Melanesian countries of the Solomon Islands , Vanuatu and Papua New Guinea .
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^ The Melanesian Brotherhood , founded at Tabalia , Guadalcanal , in 1925 by Ini Kopuria, is now the largest Anglican Community in the world with over 450 brothers in the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines and the United Kingdom.
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^ Other communities of religious have been started by Anglicans in Papua New Guinea and in Vanuatu.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Melanesian Brotherhood, founded at Tabalia, Guadalcanal, in 1925 by Ini Kopuria, is now the largest Anglican Community in the world with over 450 brothers in the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines and the United Kingdom.^ The Melanesian Brotherhood , founded at Tabalia , Guadalcanal , in 1925 by Ini Kopuria, is now the largest Anglican Community in the world with over 450 brothers in the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines and the United Kingdom.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Other communities of religious have been started by Anglicans in Papua New Guinea and in Vanuatu.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The most significant growth has been in the Melanesian countries of the Solomon Islands , Vanuatu and Papua New Guinea .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Sisters of the Church, started by Mother Emily Ayckbowm in England in 1870, has more sisters in the Solomons than all their other communities.^ Potter any more than the others offered.

^ The Sisters of the Church , started by Mother Emily Ayckbowm in England in 1870, has more sisters in the Solomons than all their other communities.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Moreover, Sykes criticises the proposition, implicit in theories of via media , that there is no distinctive body of Anglican doctrine, other than those of the universal church; accusing this of being an excuse not to undertake systematic doctrine at all.
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.The Community of the Sisters of Melanesia, started in 1980 by Sister Nesta Tiboe, is a growing community of women throughout the Solomon Islands.^ The Community of the Sisters of Melanesia , started in 1980 by Sister Nesta Tiboe , is a growing community of women throughout the Solomon Islands.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Sisters of the Church , started by Mother Emily Ayckbowm in England in 1870, has more sisters in the Solomons than all their other communities.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Society of Saint Francis, founded as a union of various Franciscan orders in the 1920s, has experienced great growth in the Solomon Islands. .Other communities of religious have been started by Anglicans in Papua New Guinea and in Vanuatu.^ Other communities of religious have been started by Anglicans in Papua New Guinea and in Vanuatu.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Melanesian Brotherhood , founded at Tabalia , Guadalcanal , in 1925 by Ini Kopuria, is now the largest Anglican Community in the world with over 450 brothers in the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines and the United Kingdom.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In England, the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and some other Anglican provinces the modern prayer books contain four offices: .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Most Melanesian Anglican religious are in their early to mid 20s – vows may be temporary and it is generally assumed that brothers, at least, will leave and marry in due course – making the average age 40 to 50 years younger than their brothers and sisters in other countries.^ Most Melanesian Anglican religious are in their early to mid 20s – vows may be temporary and it is generally assumed that brothers, at least, will leave and marry in due course – making the average age 40 to 50 years younger than their brothers and sisters in other countries.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since the 1960s there has been a sharp decline in the number of professed religious in most parts of the Anglican Communion, especially in North America , Europe , and Australia .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Potentially this would create a crisis of identity, were secular and religious loyalties to conflict – and such a crisis indeed occurred in 1776 with the American Declaration of Independence , most of whose signatories were, at least nominally, Anglican.
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.Growth of religious orders, especially for women, is marked in certain parts of Africa.^ Growth of religious orders, especially for women, is marked in certain parts of Africa .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since the 1960s there has been a sharp decline in the number of professed religious in most parts of the Anglican Communion, especially in North America , Europe , and Australia .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Worldwide distribution

.
A world map showing the Provinces of the Anglican Communion (Blue).
^ A world map showing the Provinces of the Anglican Communion (Blue).
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^ While it may well be the end of the Episcopal Church USA as we now know it, the Anglican Communion is world wide and will remain and flourish.
  • Albert Mohler : The Collapse of Anglicanism - Townhall.com 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC townhall.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Anglicanism represents the third largest Christian communion in the world, after the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Churches .
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Shown are the Churches in full communion with the Anglican Church: The Nordic Lutheran churches of the Porvoo Communion (Green), and the Old Catholic Churches in the Utrecht Union (Red).
.Anglicanism represents the third largest Christian communion in the world, after the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Churches.^ Ordinariates within the Roman Catholic Church .
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^ He is venerated as a saint and martyr by both the Roman Catholic Church and the Anglican Church.

^ Anglicanism represents the third largest Christian communion in the world, after the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Churches .
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.The number of Anglicans in the world is slightly over 77 million.^ The number of Anglicans in the world is slightly over 77 million.
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^ With over eighty [ 3 ] million members the Anglican Communion is the third largest Christian communion in the world, after the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church .
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[42] .The 11 provinces in Africa saw explosive growth in the last two decades.^ The 11 provinces in Africa saw explosive growth in the last two decades.
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.They now include 36.7 million members, more Anglicans than there are in England.^ They now include 36.7 million members, more Anglicans than there are in England.
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^ A half dozen or so of the articles differentiate the Anglican church from Rome, but more than thirty of them are beautiful statements of traditional Christian orthodoxy.

^ Although such images date back more than a century, they persist in contemporary culture "as images most folks will now conjure up when thinking of what an American Indian looks like," he added.
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]

.England remains the largest single Anglican province, with 26 million members.^ England remains the largest single Anglican province, with 26 million members.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In England, the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and some other Anglican provinces the modern prayer books contain four offices: .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I could as easily - and perhaps more logically - ask, will the Church of England remain Anglican?

.In most industrialised countries, church attendance has decreased since the 19th century.^ In most industrialised countries, church attendance has decreased since the 19th century.
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^ Rapid social change in the industrialised world during the twentieth century compelled the church to examine issues of gender, sexuality and marriage.
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^ Unique to Anglicanism is the Book of Common Prayer (BCP), the collection of services that worshippers in most Anglican churches used for centuries.
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.Anglicanism's presence in the rest of the world is due to large-scale emigration, the establishment of expatriate communities or the work of missionaries.^ Anglicanism's presence in the rest of the world is due to large-scale emigration, the establishment of expatriate communities or the work of missionaries.
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^ The working definition I have offered would encompass the current Anglican Communion, continuing Anglican Churches, the REC, and I am sure other similar churches in other parts of the world.

^ There are however, still thousands of Anglican religious working today in approximately 200 communities around the world, and religious life in many parts of the Communion – especially in developing nations – flourishes.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Church of England has been a church of missionaries since the seventeenth century when the Church first left English shores with colonists who founded what would become the United States, Australia, Canada, New Zealand and South Africa and established Anglican churches.^ In England, the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and some other Anglican provinces the modern prayer books contain four offices: .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Church of England has been a church of missionaries since the seventeenth century when the Church first left English shores with colonists who founded what would become the United States, Australia, Canada, New Zealand and South Africa and established Anglican churches.
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^ By the eighteenth century, missionaries worked to establish Anglican churches in Asia, Africa and Latin America.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For example, an Anglican chaplain, Robert Wolfall, with Martin Frobisher's Arctic expedition celebrated the Eucharist in 1578 in Frobisher Bay.^ For example, an Anglican chaplain, Robert Wolfall , with Martin Frobisher 's Arctic expedition celebrated the Eucharist in 1578 in Frobisher Bay .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Only a priest or a bishop may be the celebrant at the Eucharist, though Sydney Anglicans may soon authorise lay people to celebrate the Eucharist (or Lord's Supper).
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many Anglican churches will also have daily morning and evening prayer and some have midweek or even daily celebration of the Eucharist.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

CSI St. Mary's Church, Chennai. This is the first Anglican Church in India[43]
.The first Anglican church in the Americas was built at Jamestown, Virginia, in 1607. By the eighteenth century, missionaries worked to establish Anglican churches in Asia, Africa and Latin America.^ For the Anglican Church worldwide, he said, it will be mean a complete shift in orientation away from Canterbury, the historical spiritual home of Anglicanism, to Africa, the faith's new spiritual home.

^ The working definition I have offered would encompass the current Anglican Communion, continuing Anglican Churches, the REC, and I am sure other similar churches in other parts of the world.

^ God's mission into which the Communion is called, a vocation and blessing in which each Church is joined with others in Christ in the work of establishing God's reign.
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]

.The great Church of England missionary societies were founded; for example the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge (SPCK) in 1698. Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts (SPG) in 1701, and the Church Mission Society (CMS) in 1799. The nineteenth century saw the founding and expansion of social oriented evangelism with societies such as the Church Pastoral Aid Society (CPAS) in 1836, Mission to Seafarers in 1856, Mothers' Union in 1876 and Church Army in 1882 all carrying out a personal form of evangelism.^ The nineteenth century saw the founding and expansion of social oriented evangelism with societies such as the Church Pastoral Aid Society (CPAS) in 1836, Mission to Seafarers in 1856, Mothers' Union in 1876 and Church Army in 1882 all carrying out a personal form of evangelism.
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^ Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts (SPG) in 1701, and the Church Mission Society (CMS) in 1799.
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^ The great Church of England missionary societies were founded; for example the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge (SPCK) in 1698.
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.The twentieth century saw the Church of England developing new forms of evangelism such as the Alpha course in 1990 which was developed and propagated from Holy Trinity Brompton Church in London.^ The twentieth century saw the Church of England developing new forms of evangelism such as the Alpha course in 1990 which was developed and propagated from Holy Trinity Brompton Church in London .
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^ The nineteenth century saw the founding and expansion of social oriented evangelism with societies such as the Church Pastoral Aid Society (CPAS) in 1836, Mission to Seafarers in 1856, Mothers' Union in 1876 and Church Army in 1882 all carrying out a personal form of evangelism.
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^ Rapid social change in the industrialised world during the twentieth century compelled the church to examine issues of gender, sexuality and marriage.
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.In the twenty-first century, there has been renewed effort to reach children and youth.^ In the twenty-first century, there has been renewed effort to reach children and youth.
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.Fresh expressions is a Church of England missionary initiative to youth begun in 2005, and has ministries at a skate park[44] through the efforts of St George's Church, Benfleet, EssexDiocese of Chelmsford – or youth groups with evocative names, like the C.L.A.W (Christ Little Angels – Whatever!^ Fresh expressions is a Church of England missionary initiative to youth begun in 2005, and has ministries at a skate park [ 44 ] through the efforts of St George's Church , Benfleet , Essex – Diocese of Chelmsford – or youth groups with evocative names, like the C.L.A.W (Christ Little Angels – Whatever!
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^ And for the unchurched who do not actually wish to visit a bricks and mortar church there are Internet ministries such as the Diocese of Oxford 's online Anglican i-Church which appeared on the web in 2005.
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^ Edit In Britain YEC groups like Truthinscience (an Orwellian title) peddle design to get YEC inot schools through the back door.
  • Anglicans & Catholics singing the same tune... - The Panda's Thumb 10 September 2009 21:43 UTC pandasthumb.org [Source type: Original source]

) youth group at Coventry Cathedral. And for the unchurched who do not actually wish to visit a bricks and mortar church there are Internet ministries such as the Diocese of Oxford's online Anglican i-Church which appeared on the web in 2005.

Ecumenism

.Anglican interest in ecumenical dialogue can be traced back to the time of the Reformation and dialogues with both Orthodox and Lutheran churches in the sixteenth century.^ Anglican interest in ecumenical dialogue can be traced back to the time of the Reformation and dialogues with both Orthodox and Lutheran churches in the sixteenth century.
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^ From 1828 and 1829, Dissenters and Roman Catholics could be elected to the House of Commons , [ 13 ] which consequently ceased to be a purely Anglican body; but which nevertheless, over the following ten years, engaged in extensive reforming legislation affecting the interests of the established churches of both England and Ireland.
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^ Among the early Anglican divines of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the names of Thomas Cranmer, John Jewel , Richard Hooker, Lancelot Andrewes , and Jeremy Taylor predominate.
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.In the nineteenth century, with the rise of the Oxford Movement, there arose greater concern for reunion of the churches of "Catholic confession."^ In the nineteenth century, with the rise of the Oxford Movement, there arose greater concern for reunion of the churches of "Catholic confession."
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^ In the nineteenth century, the dominant issues concerned the adverse effects of industrialisation.
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^ As it happens, I don’t think St Margaret’s is the sort of Anglo-Catholic parish where many worshippers will leave, but there are other churches where the decision is on a knife-edge.
  • Archbishop Rowan Williams admits future of Anglicanism is 'chaotic' – Telegraph Blogs 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC blogs.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: General]

.This desire to work towards full communion with other denominations led to the development of the Chicago-Lambeth Quadrilateral, approved by the Third Lambeth Conference of 1888. The four points (the sufficiency of scripture, the historic creeds, the two dominical sacraments, and the historic episcopate) were proposed as a basis for discussion, although they have frequently been taken as a non-negotiable bottom-line for any form of reunion.^ The Chicago-Lambeth Quadrilateral 1886/1888 .
  • CEP online community 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC info.cep.anglican.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ This desire to work towards full communion with other denominations led to the development of the Chicago-Lambeth Quadrilateral , approved by the Third Lambeth Conference of 1888.
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^ The four points (the sufficiency of scripture, the historic creeds, the two dominical sacraments, and the historic episcopate) were proposed as a basis for discussion, although they have frequently been taken as a non-negotiable bottom-line for any form of reunion.
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Continuing Anglicanism

Part of a series on the
Continuing
Anglican
Movement

Mitre (plain).svg
Background
People
Churches
.Continuing Anglican refers to a number of church bodies formed outside of the Anglican Communion.^ Continuing churches have generally been formed by people and churches who have left the Anglican Communion .
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^ Main article: Continuing Anglican movement Continuing Anglican refers to a number of church bodies formed outside of the Anglican Communion .
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^ As a noun, an Anglican is a member of a Church in the Anglican Communion .
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.These churches generally believe that traditional forms of Anglican faith and worship have been unacceptably revised or abandoned within some Anglican Communion churches in recent decades and thus claim that they are "continuing" the traditional forms of Anglicanism.^ These churches generally believe that traditional forms of Anglican faith and worship have been unacceptably revised or abandoned within some Anglican Communion churches in recent decades and thus claim that they are "continuing" the traditional forms of Anglicanism.
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^ (And since you seem to think that the Continuing Churches are not Anglican, what do you think they are?

^ They never separated from the Anglican communion.
  • Albert Mohler : The Collapse of Anglicanism - Townhall.com 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC townhall.com [Source type: Original source]

The modern Continuing movement principally dates to the Congress of St. Louis in the United States in 1977, at which participants rejected changes that had been made in the Episcopal Church's Book of Common Prayer and the ordination of women. .More recent changes in the North American churches of the Anglican Communion, such as the ordination of gay and lesbian people to the priesthood and episcopate, have created further separations.^ More recent changes in the North American churches of the Anglican Communion, such as the ordination of gay and lesbian people to the priesthood and episcopate , have created further separations.
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^ They never separated from the Anglican communion.
  • Albert Mohler : The Collapse of Anglicanism - Townhall.com 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC townhall.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As a noun, an Anglican is a member of a Church in the Anglican Communion .
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.Continuing churches have generally been formed by people and churches who have left the Anglican Communion.^ Continuing churches have generally been formed by people and churches who have left the Anglican Communion .
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^ As a noun, an Anglican is a member of a Church in the Anglican Communion .
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^ This statement was strongly reasserted when "the 67th General Convention of the Episcopal Church reaffirms the statement made by the Anglican Bishops assembled at Lambeth in 1978 and adopted by the 66th General Convention of the Episcopal Church in 1979, calling "Christian people everywhere ...
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.These older Anglican churches are charged by the Continuing movement with being greatly compromised by secular cultural standards and liberal approaches to theology.^ However, there are a great variety of non-affiliated Anglican churches, most notably the Continuing Anglican Churches.

^ [Anglican] church is revealed as not being inclusive at all.
  • Ruth Gledhill - Times Online - WBLG: Muslim gunman shouts 'Allahu Akbar' before 13 shot dead 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC timescolumns.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Church of England could revert to blue paint and samhain celebrations, but it, and any churches foolish enough to still be associated with it in that case, would continue to be “Anglicanism” for you?

.Many Continuing Anglicans believe that the faith of some churches in communion with the Archbishop of Canterbury has become either unorthodox or un-Christian[citation needed] and therefore have not sought to also be in communion with him.^ Archbishop believes national Anglican churches will become 'irrelevancies' .

^ As the name suggests, the Anglican Communion is an association of those churches in full communion with the Archbishop of Canterbury .
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^ Many Continuing Anglicans believe that the faith of some churches in communion with the Archbishop of Canterbury has become either unorthodox or un-Christian [ citation needed ] and therefore have not sought to also be in communion with him.
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.Although the term Anglican usually refers to those churches in communion with the Archbishop of Canterbury,[citation needed] many Continuing Anglicanism bodies in the United States, use the term Anglican to differentiate themselves from the Episcopal Church.^ Churches in communion with Canterbury and those churches not in communion with Canterbury who maintain the use of one of the traditional liturgies of the Communion.

^ Although the term Anglican usually refers to those churches in communion with the Archbishop of Canterbury , [ citation needed ] many Continuing Anglicanism bodies in the United States, use the term Anglican to differentiate themselves from the Episcopal Church.
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^ Main article: Continuing Anglican movement Continuing Anglican refers to a number of church bodies formed outside of the Anglican Communion .
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.The original generation of Continuing parishes in the United States were found mainly in metropolitan areas.^ Crossroads Anti-Racism Organizing was founded in 1986 as an effort to develop new directions in understanding and combating the root causes of institutional racism in the United States.
  • Diocese of New Jersey | Ministry Institute | Spring 2010 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC newjersey.anglican.org [Source type: General]

Since the late 1990s a number have appeared in smaller communities, often as a result of a division in the town's existing Episcopal parish(es) or mission(s). .The 2007-08 Directory of Traditional Anglican and Episcopal Parishes, published by The Fellowship of Concerned Churchmen, contained information on over 900 parishes affiliated with either the Continuing Anglican churches or the Anglican realignment movement.^ The 2007-08 Directory of Traditional Anglican and Episcopal Parishes , published by The Fellowship of Concerned Churchmen, contained information on over 900 parishes affiliated with either the Continuing Anglican churches or the Anglican realignment movement.
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^ Part of a series on the Continuing Anglican Movement .
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^ A half dozen or so of the articles differentiate the Anglican church from Rome, but more than thirty of them are beautiful statements of traditional Christian orthodoxy.

Ordinariates within the Roman Catholic Church

.On 4 November 2009 Pope Benedict XVI issued an apostolic constitution, Anglicanorum Coetibus, to allow groups of former Anglicans to enter into full communion with the Roman Catholic Church as members of personal ordinariates.^ The great majority of Anglicans are members of churches which are part of the international Anglican Communion .
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^ Ordinariates within the Roman Catholic Church .
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^ He is venerated as a saint and martyr by both the Roman Catholic Church and the Anglican Church.

The announcement of the imminent constitution on 20 October 2009 mentioned:
.
Today's announcement of the Apostolic Constitution is a response by Pope Benedict XVI to a number of requests over the past few years to the Holy See from groups of Anglicans who wish to enter into full visible communion with the Roman Catholic Church, and are willing to declare that they share a common Catholic faith and accept the Petrine ministry as willed by Christ for his Church.^ He is venerated as a saint and martyr by both the Roman Catholic Church and the Anglican Church.

^ But I have faith in Pope Benedict on these issues.
  • Anglicans & Catholics singing the same tune... - The Panda's Thumb 10 September 2009 21:43 UTC pandasthumb.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The term is used in the East to identify those churches (not united with Rome) which accepted the ancient councils, notably Ephesus and Chalcedon, and which call themselves “the holy, orthodox, catholic, Eastern Church.” In the West the word is sometimes used to describe a justifiable concern for sound doctrine in the Catholic faith.

.Pope Benedict XVI has approved, within the Apostolic Constitution, a canonical structure that provides for Personal Ordinariates, which will allow former Anglicans to enter full communion with the Catholic Church while preserving elements of distinctive Anglican spiritual patrimony.^ Ordinariates within the Roman Catholic Church .
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^ On 4 November 2009 Pope Benedict XVI issued an apostolic constitution , Anglicanorum Coetibus , to allow groups of former Anglicans to enter into full communion with the Roman Catholic Church as members of personal ordinariates .
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^ For each personal ordinariate the ordinary may be a former Anglican bishop or priest.
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.The announcement of this Apostolic Constitution brings to an end a period of uncertainty for such groups who have nurtured hopes of new ways of embracing unity with the Catholic Church.^ The announcement of this Apostolic Constitution brings to an end a period of uncertainty for such groups who have nurtured hopes of new ways of embracing unity with the Catholic Church.
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^ Over the same period Anglican churches engaged vigorously in Christian missions , resulting in the creation, by the end of the century, of over ninety colonial bishoprics; [ 16 ] which gradually coalesced into new self-governing churches on the Canadian and American models.
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^ Today's announcement of the Apostolic Constitution is a response by Pope Benedict XVI to a number of requests over the past few years to the Holy See from groups of Anglicans who wish to enter into full visible communion with the Roman Catholic Church, and are willing to declare that they share a common Catholic faith and accept the Petrine ministry as willed by Christ for his Church.
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It will now be up to those who have made requests to the Holy See to respond to the Apostolic Constitution.
—Statement by The Archbishop of Westminster and The Archbishop of Canterbury.[45]
.For each personal ordinariate the ordinary may be a former Anglican bishop or priest.^ He has also stressed the point that, although some bishops consecrations may be irregular, he considers those under those bishops (whether CANA or New Hampshire) to be Anglicans in communion with his see.

.It is expected that provision will be made to allow the retention of aspects of Anglican liturgy; cf.^ It is expected that provision will be made to allow the retention of aspects of Anglican liturgy; cf.
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Anglican Use.[46]

Theological diversity

.Anglicanism in general has always sought a balance between the emphases of Catholicism and Protestantism, while tolerating a range of expressions of evangelicalism and ceremony.^ Anglicanism in general has always sought a balance between the emphases of Catholicism and Protestantism , while tolerating a range of expressions of evangelicalism and ceremony.
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^ Anglicanism, in its structures, theology, and forms of worship, is commonly understood as a distinct Christian tradition representing a middle ground between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism and, as such, is often referred to as being a via media (or middle way ) between these traditions.
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^ According to some writers, Anglicanism forms one of the principal traditions of Christianity, together with Protestantism , Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy .
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.Clergy and laity from all Anglican churchmanship traditions have been active in the formation of the Continuing movement.^ Clergy and laity from all Anglican churchmanship traditions have been active in the formation of the Continuing movement.
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^ Part of a series on the Continuing Anglican Movement .
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^ The 2007-08 Directory of Traditional Anglican and Episcopal Parishes , published by The Fellowship of Concerned Churchmen, contained information on over 900 parishes affiliated with either the Continuing Anglican churches or the Anglican realignment movement.
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.While there are high church, broad church, and low church Continuing Anglicans, many Continuing churches are Anglo-Catholic with highly ceremonial liturgical practices.^ However, there are a great variety of non-affiliated Anglican churches, most notably the Continuing Anglican Churches.

^ I still prefer High, Broad and Low; but that isn’t in vogue anymore.

^ The Anglican Church of Canada issued the following as part of an apology to the many indigenous people mistreated in the Residential Schools.
  • Ruth Gledhill - Times Online - WBLG: Muslim gunman shouts 'Allahu Akbar' before 13 shot dead 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC timescolumns.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

.Others belong to a more Evangelical or low church tradition and tend to support the Thirty-nine Articles and simpler worship services.^ Others belong to a more Evangelical or low church tradition and tend to support the Thirty-nine Articles and simpler worship services.
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^ Anglican churches tend to have pews or chairs and it is usual for the congregation to kneel for some prayers but to stand for hymns and other parts of the service such as the Gloria, Collect, Gospel reading, Creed and either the Preface or all of the Eucharistic Prayer.
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^ A half dozen or so of the articles differentiate the Anglican church from Rome, but more than thirty of them are beautiful statements of traditional Christian orthodoxy.

.Morning Prayer, for instance, is often used instead of the Holy Eucharist for Sunday worship services, although this is not necessarily true of all low church parishes.^ Morning Prayer , for instance, is often used instead of the Holy Eucharist for Sunday worship services, although this is not necessarily true of all low church parishes.
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^ See also: Church of England parish church Anglican worship services are open to all visitors.
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^ Anglican churches tend to have pews or chairs and it is usual for the congregation to kneel for some prayers but to stand for hymns and other parts of the service such as the Gloria, Collect, Gospel reading, Creed and either the Preface or all of the Eucharistic Prayer.
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.Most Continuing churches in the United States reject the 1979 revision of the Book of Common Prayer by the Episcopal Church and use the 1928 version for their services instead.^ Common Prayer (1928 BCP) .

^ However, there are a great variety of non-affiliated Anglican churches, most notably the Continuing Anglican Churches.

^ I have, on several occasions, attended services at the Episcopal church in my town.
  • Albert Mohler : The Collapse of Anglicanism - Townhall.com 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC townhall.com [Source type: Original source]

.In addition, Anglo-Catholic bodies may use the Anglican Missal or English Missal in celebrating the Eucharist.^ In addition, Anglo-Catholic bodies may use the Anglican Missal or English Missal in celebrating the Eucharist.
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^ For example, an Anglican chaplain, Robert Wolfall , with Martin Frobisher 's Arctic expedition celebrated the Eucharist in 1578 in Frobisher Bay .
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^ Most Anglican priests require the presence of at least one other person for the celebration of the Eucharist (referring back to Christ's statement in Math 18:20 "When two or more are gathered in my name, I will be in the midst of them"), though some Anglo-Catholic priests (like Roman Catholic priests) may say private Masses.
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.Use of the King James Version Bible in worship is also a common feature.^ Use of the King James Version Bible in worship is also a common feature.
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^ Most Continuing churches in the United States reject the 1979 revision of the Book of Common Prayer by the Episcopal Church and use the 1928 version for their services instead.
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^ Churches which call themselves Anglican will have identified themselves so because they use some form or variant of the Book of Common Prayer in the shaping of their worship.
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.This is done for many reasons, not the least of which are aesthetics, and in protest to the supposedly liberal theology of other versions.^ This is done for many reasons, not the least of which are aesthetics, and in protest to the supposedly liberal theology of other versions.
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[citation needed]

Basis for Unity

In 2008 various jurisdictions made attempts at overcoming the movement's divisions. .The Anglican Catholic Church, the Anglican Province of Christ the King, and the United Episcopal Church of North America entered into discussions about possible organic unity.^ It is truly sad that a body that calls itself Christian has elected a rank heretic (she says that Jesus Christ is not the only way to the Father) to preside over the Episcopal Church.
  • Albert Mohler : The Collapse of Anglicanism - Townhall.com 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC townhall.com [Source type: Original source]

^ While it may well be the end of the Episcopal Church USA as we now know it, the Anglican Communion is world wide and will remain and flourish.
  • Albert Mohler : The Collapse of Anglicanism - Townhall.com 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC townhall.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Anglo Catholics, I have read, think that this “inclusive” group wants them to leave the Anglican Church.
  • Ruth Gledhill - Times Online - WBLG: Muslim gunman shouts 'Allahu Akbar' before 13 shot dead 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC timescolumns.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

In January 2009 one bishop from each jurisdiction consecrated three suffragan bishops in St. Louis, just a few miles from where the Congress of St. Louis first met. .The three new bishops will serve all three jurisdictions.^ February 10 (for all, especially those in youth ministry) Leader: The Right Reverend George E. Councell, Bishop, Diocese of New Jersey .
  • Diocese of New Jersey | Ministry Institute | Spring 2010 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC newjersey.anglican.org [Source type: General]

^ Before coming to the Diocese of New Jersey, Bishop Romero served as an interim bishop in the Diocese of El Camino Real and as diocesan bishop in the Diocese of Belize.
  • Diocese of New Jersey | Ministry Institute | Spring 2010 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC newjersey.anglican.org [Source type: General]

^ In the Mere Christians section of his address at GAFCon (on SFIF and T19) Bishop Duncan states that classical Anglicanism is all three, Catholic, Evangelical and Charismatic.

.In addition, the Anglican Episcopal Church and the Diocese of the Great Lakes formed the North American Anglican Conference for mutual assistance between Evangelical Anglican churches.^ In addition, the Anglican Episcopal Church and the Diocese of the Great Lakes formed the North American Anglican Conference for mutual assistance between Evangelical Anglican churches.
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^ Consequently, the conclusion of the War of Independence resulted in the creation of two new Anglican churches, The Episcopal Church in the United States of America in those States that had achieved independence; and The Church of England in Canada in those North American colonies remaining under British control and to which many Loyalist churchmen had migrated.
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^ The degree of distinction between Reformed and western Catholic tendencies within the Anglican tradition is routinely a matter of debate both within specific Anglican churches and throughout the Anglican Communion .
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.A suffragan bishop was consecrated for the Anglican Episcopal Church in late 2008 by its presiding bishop and three bishops of the Diocese of the Great Lakes.^ A suffragan bishop was consecrated for the Anglican Episcopal Church in late 2008 by its presiding bishop and three bishops of the Diocese of the Great Lakes.
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^ This statement was strongly reasserted when "the 67th General Convention of the Episcopal Church reaffirms the statement made by the Anglican Bishops assembled at Lambeth in 1978 and adopted by the 66th General Convention of the Episcopal Church in 1979, calling "Christian people everywhere ...
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^ However, there are a great variety of non-affiliated Anglican churches, most notably the Continuing Anglican Churches.

The principles of the Affirmation of St. Louis and, to a lesser extent, the Thirty-nine Articles of Religion, provide some basis for unity in the movement, but the jurisdictions are numerous, usually quite small in membership and often splinter and recombine. Reports put the number of jurisdictions at somewhere between 20 and 40, mostly in North America, but fewer than a dozen of the churches popularly called Continuing churches can be traced back to the meeting in St. Louis.

Role of the Church in civilisation

Anglican concern with broader issues of social justice can be traced to its earliest divines. .Richard Hooker, for instance, wrote that "God hath created nothing simply for itself, but each thing in all things, and of every thing each part in other have such interest, that in the whole world nothing is found whereunto any thing created can say, 'I need thee not.'"^ That’s what created in God’s image is all about.
  • Anglicans & Catholics singing the same tune... - The Panda's Thumb 10 September 2009 21:43 UTC pandasthumb.org [Source type: Original source]

^ GOD also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.

^ I have friends that belong to many churches and they all say the same thing..
  • Albert Mohler : The Collapse of Anglicanism - Townhall.com 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC townhall.com [Source type: Original source]

.This, and related statements, reflect the deep thread of incarnational theology running through Anglican social thought – a theology which sees God, nature, and humanity in dynamic interaction, and the interpenetration of the secular and the sacred in the make-up of the cosmos.^ While the ancient see of Canterbury is dear to most Anglicans, and is a focus of unity for them, Canterbury does not occupy the place in Anglican theology that Rome does for Roman Catholics.

^ Where the Bible was the Word inspired through human men to write God’s teaching and instructions down and to record the events, healings, and miracles as well for our teaching and training.

.Such theology is informed by a traditional English spiritual ethos, rooted in Celtic Christianity and reinforced by Anglicanism's origins as an established church, bound up by its structure in the life and interests of civil society.^ A half dozen or so of the articles differentiate the Anglican church from Rome, but more than thirty of them are beautiful statements of traditional Christian orthodoxy.

^ The Church, Christianity and Anglicanism are not dependent on Canterbury or the Western Provinces for either its definition or its spiritual means.

^ That is overly succinct, but I am not going to transcribe the entire 1/2 page definition of “Anglicanism” found in my Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church.

Repeatedly, throughout Anglican history, this principle has reasserted itself in movements of social justice. .For instance, in the eighteenth century the influential Evangelical Anglican William Wilberforce, along with others, campaigned against the slave trade.^ As an evangelical, in a more decidedly nineteenth century sense, I sometimes have to cringe at the stuff that passes for evangelicalism in contemporary Anglicanism, but there is very little that I can do about that.

.In the nineteenth century, the dominant issues concerned the adverse effects of industrialisation.^ I am concerned about the the female ordination issue and the effect on the loose grouping of conservatives.
  • VirtueOnline - News - Exclusives - VIA MEDIA'S STRATEGY EXPOSED 18 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.virtueonline.org [Source type: Original source]

.The usual Anglican response was to focus on education and give support to 'The National Society for the Education of the Children of the Poor in the principles of the Church of England'.[47] Lord Shaftesbury, a devout Evangelical, campaigned to improve the conditions in factories, in mines, for chimney sweeps, and for the education of the very poor.^ The Church of England could revert to blue paint and samhain celebrations, but it, and any churches foolish enough to still be associated with it in that case, would continue to be “Anglicanism” for you?

^ Is communion with the Church of England how you define Anglican .

^ I could as easily - and perhaps more logically - ask, will the Church of England remain Anglican?

For years he was chairman of the Ragged School Board. Frederick Denison Maurice was a leading figure advocating reform, founding so-called "producer's co-operatives" and the Working Men's College. His work was instrumental in the establishment of the Christian socialist movement, although he himself was not in any real sense a socialist but, "a Tory paternalist with the unusual desire to theories his acceptance of the traditional obligation to help the poor",[48] influenced Anglo-Catholics such as Charles Gore, who wrote that, "the principle of the incarnation is denied unless the Christian spirit can be allowed to concern itself with everything that interests and touches human life." Anglican focus on labour issues culminated in the work of William Temple in the 1930s and 1940s.

Pacifism

.A question of whether or not Christianity is a pacifist religion has remained a matter of debate for Anglicans.^ A question of whether or not Christianity is a pacifist religion has remained a matter of debate for Anglicans.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The distinction between Reformed and Catholic, and the coherence of the two, is routinely a matter of debate both within specific Anglican Churches and throughout the Anglican Communion by members themselves.
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^ The Anglican Pacifist Fellowship remain highly active throughout the Anglican world.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1937, the Anglican Pacifist Fellowship emerged as a distinct reform organisation, seeking to make pacifism a clearly defined part of Anglican theology.^ In 1937, the Anglican Pacifist Fellowship emerged as a distinct reform organisation, seeking to make pacifism a clearly defined part of Anglican theology.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The distinction between Reformed and Catholic, and the coherence of the two, is routinely a matter of debate both within specific Anglican Churches and throughout the Anglican Communion by members themselves.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Anglican Pacifist Fellowship remain highly active throughout the Anglican world.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The group rapidly gained popularity amongst Anglican intellectuals, including Vera Brittain, Evelyn Underhill and former British political leader George Lansbury. .Furthermore, the Reverend Dick Sheppard, who during the 1930s was one of Britain's most famous Anglican priests due to his landmark sermon broadcasts for BBC radio, founded the Peace Pledge Union a secular pacifist organisation for the non-religious that gained considerable support throughout the 1930s.^ Furthermore, the Reverend Dick Sheppard , who during the 1930s was one of Britain's most famous Anglican priests due to his landmark sermon broadcasts for BBC radio , founded the Peace Pledge Union a secular pacifist organisation for the non-religious that gained considerable support throughout the 1930s.
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^ Non-parochial priests may earn their living by any vocation, although employment by educational institutions or charitable organizations is most common.
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^ Since the 1960s there has been a sharp decline in the number of professed religious in most parts of the Anglican Communion, especially in North America , Europe , and Australia .
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.Whilst never actively endorsed by the Anglican Church, many Anglicans unofficially have adopted the Augustinian "Just War" doctrine.^ Whilst never actively endorsed by the Anglican Church, many Anglicans unofficially have adopted the Augustinian " Just War " doctrine.
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^ Whilst many Anglo-Catholics derive much of their liturgical practice from that of the pre-Reformation English church, others more closely follow traditional Roman Catholic practices.
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^ The Anglican Church of Canada issued the following as part of an apology to the many indigenous people mistreated in the Residential Schools.
  • Ruth Gledhill - Times Online - WBLG: Muslim gunman shouts 'Allahu Akbar' before 13 shot dead 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC timescolumns.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Anglican Pacifist Fellowship remain highly active throughout the Anglican world.^ The Anglican Pacifist Fellowship remain highly active throughout the Anglican world.
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^ While it may well be the end of the Episcopal Church USA as we now know it, the Anglican Communion is world wide and will remain and flourish.
  • Albert Mohler : The Collapse of Anglicanism - Townhall.com 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC townhall.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The mixed life, combining aspects of the contemplative orders and the active orders remains to this day a hallmark of Anglican religious life.
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.It rejects this doctrine of "just war" and seeks to reform the Church by reintroducing the pacifism inherent in the beliefs of many of the earliest Christians and present in their interpretation of Christ's Sermon on the Mount.^ It rejects this doctrine of "just war" and seeks to reform the Church by reintroducing the pacifism inherent in the beliefs of many of the earliest Christians and present in their interpretation of Christ's Sermon on the Mount .
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^ Whilst many Anglo-Catholics derive much of their liturgical practice from that of the pre-Reformation English church, others more closely follow traditional Roman Catholic practices.
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^ It is truly sad that a body that calls itself Christian has elected a rank heretic (she says that Jesus Christ is not the only way to the Father) to preside over the Episcopal Church.
  • Albert Mohler : The Collapse of Anglicanism - Townhall.com 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC townhall.com [Source type: Original source]

.Confusing the matter was the fact that the 37th Article of Religion in the Book of Common Prayer states that "it is lawful for Christian men, at the commandment of the Magistrate, to wear weapons, and serve in the wars."^ This is shown by the fact that you actually stated the common Western myth that "Orthodoxy split off from the mother church."
  • Albert Mohler : The Collapse of Anglicanism - Townhall.com 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC townhall.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The falling away came way before Rome ever adopted christianity as their state religion.
  • Albert Mohler : The Collapse of Anglicanism - Townhall.com 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC townhall.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Book of Common Prayer .
  • Diocese of New Jersey | Ministry Institute | Spring 2010 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC newjersey.anglican.org [Source type: General]

Therefore, the Lambeth Council in the modern era has sought to provide a clearer position by repudiating modern war and developed a statement that has been affirmed at each subsequent meeting of the Council. .This statement was strongly reasserted when "the 67th General Convention of the Episcopal Church reaffirms the statement made by the Anglican Bishops assembled at Lambeth in 1978 and adopted by the 66th General Convention of the Episcopal Church in 1979, calling "Christian people everywhere ...^ This statement was strongly reasserted when "the 67th General Convention of the Episcopal Church reaffirms the statement made by the Anglican Bishops assembled at Lambeth in 1978 and adopted by the 66th General Convention of the Episcopal Church in 1979, calling "Christian people everywhere ...
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Anglican Catholic Church , the Anglican Province of Christ the King , and the United Episcopal Church of North America entered into discussions about possible organic unity.
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^ It is truly sad that a body that calls itself Christian has elected a rank heretic (she says that Jesus Christ is not the only way to the Father) to preside over the Episcopal Church.
  • Albert Mohler : The Collapse of Anglicanism - Townhall.com 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC townhall.com [Source type: Original source]

to engage themselves in non-violent action for justice and peace and to support others so engaged, recognizing that such action will be controversial and may be personally very costly... this .General Convention, in obedience to this call, urges all members of this Church to support by prayer and by such other means as they deem appropriate, those who engaged in such non-violent action, and particularly those who suffer for conscience' sake as a result; and be it further Resolved, that this General Convention calls upon all members of this Church seriously to consider the implications for their own lives of this call to resist war and work for peace for their own lives."^ There have been very few attempts to put ID into school curricula or to eliminate the teaching of evolution, they have all occurred in isolated rural areas, they have all been stopped by legal challenges so far, and in every subsequent school board election that has occurred, board members who supported the initiative have been voted out, either in a primary or a general election.
  • Anglicans & Catholics singing the same tune... - The Panda's Thumb 10 September 2009 21:43 UTC pandasthumb.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Before the ink was dry, those whom it would apply to—the liberals in the United States, and African bishops who support American conservatives—both said that they are not going to stand back from the course they’ve taken.
  • Albert Mohler : The Collapse of Anglicanism - Townhall.com 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC townhall.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "I have no personal grudge against Anglicanism but call for all Churches to make children’s safety and welfare their top priority."
  • Ruth Gledhill - Times Online - WBLG: Muslim gunman shouts 'Allahu Akbar' before 13 shot dead 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC timescolumns.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

Desmond Tutu (born 1931), former Primate of the Anglican Church of the Province of South Africa, is a noted pacifist and a leading figure in the successful fight against apartheid

After World War II

The focus on other social issues became increasingly diffuse after the Second World War. .On the one hand, the growing independence and strength of Anglican churches in the global south brought new emphasis to issues of global poverty, the inequitable distribution of resources, and the lingering effects of colonialism.^ On the one hand, the growing independence and strength of Anglican churches in the global south brought new emphasis to issues of global poverty, the inequitable distribution of resources, and the lingering effects of colonialism.
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^ Consequently, the conclusion of the War of Independence resulted in the creation of two new Anglican churches, The Episcopal Church in the United States of America in those States that had achieved independence; and The Church of England in Canada in those North American colonies remaining under British control and to which many Loyalist churchmen had migrated.
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^ Over the same period Anglican churches engaged vigorously in Christian missions , resulting in the creation, by the end of the century, of over ninety colonial bishoprics; [ 16 ] which gradually coalesced into new self-governing churches on the Canadian and American models.
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In this regard, figures such as Desmond Tutu and Ted Scott were instrumental in mobilizing Anglicans worldwide against the apartheid policies of South Africa. .Rapid social change in the industrialised world during the twentieth century compelled the church to examine issues of gender, sexuality and marriage.^ Churches are not excempt from the law - particularly those on fair treatment for people regardless of gender, race and sexuality.
  • Ruth Gledhill - Times Online - WBLG: Muslim gunman shouts 'Allahu Akbar' before 13 shot dead 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC timescolumns.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Wycliffe was an early dissident in the Roman Catholic Church during the 14th century.

.These changes led to Lambeth Conference resolutions countenancing contraception and the remarriage of divorced persons.^ These changes led to Lambeth Conference resolutions countenancing contraception and the remarriage of divorced persons.
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^ The Anglican Consultative Council was created by a 1968 Lambeth Conference resolution, and meets biennially .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This desire to work towards full communion with other denominations led to the development of the Chicago-Lambeth Quadrilateral , approved by the Third Lambeth Conference of 1888.
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They led to most provinces approving the ordination of women. .In more recent years it has led some jurisdictions to permit the ordination of people in same-sex relationships and to authorise rites for the blessing of same-sex unions (see homosexuality and Anglicanism).^ It says the moratoria covers three separate issues: the Episcopal ordinations of partnered homosexual people, the blessing of same-sex unions, cross-border incursions by bishops.
  • Albert Mohler : The Collapse of Anglicanism - Townhall.com 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC townhall.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The schism has been working for at least 40 years outwardly but for many more subtly as some of the early revisionists wove their webs in the minds of individuals.
  • VirtueOnline - News - Exclusives - VIA MEDIA'S STRATEGY EXPOSED 18 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.virtueonline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Neither homosexuality nor some fantasy about us all getting along (Muslims, Hindus, and Buddhists just don't see it that way.
  • Albert Mohler : The Collapse of Anglicanism - Townhall.com 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC townhall.com [Source type: Original source]

.More conservative elements within Anglicanism (primarily African churches and factions within North American Anglicanism) have opposed these proposals.^ More conservative elements within Anglicanism (primarily African churches and factions within North American Anglicanism) have opposed these proposals.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These churches generally believe that traditional forms of Anglican faith and worship have been unacceptably revised or abandoned within some Anglican Communion churches in recent decades and thus claim that they are "continuing" the traditional forms of Anglicanism.
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^ The distinction between Reformed and Catholic, and the coherence of the two, is routinely a matter of debate both within specific Anglican Churches and throughout the Anglican Communion by members themselves.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Some liberal and moderate Anglicans see this opposition as representing a new fundamentalism within Anglicanism. Others see the advocacy for these proposals as representing a breakdown of Christian theology and commitment. .The lack of social consensus among and within provinces of diverse cultural traditions has resulted in considerable conflict and even schism concerning some or all of these developments (see Anglican realignment).^ But can one Province come out of all the diversity?
  • VirtueOnline - News - Exclusives - VIA MEDIA'S STRATEGY EXPOSED 18 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.virtueonline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They show a lot of concern for property and politics, but I don't see any great concern for the spiritual welbeing of anyone in these notes.
  • VirtueOnline - News - Exclusives - VIA MEDIA'S STRATEGY EXPOSED 18 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.virtueonline.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There was indeed a great apostacy from truth and the result has been the distortions we see being practiced as following Christ, in all sorts of crooked pathways.
  • Albert Mohler : The Collapse of Anglicanism - Townhall.com 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC townhall.com [Source type: Original source]

.Some Anglicans opposed to various liberalising changes, in particular the ordination of women, have converted to Roman Catholicism.^ Some Anglicans opposed to various liberalising changes, in particular the ordination of women , have converted to Roman Catholicism.
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^ Churches which call themselves Anglican will have identified themselves so because they use some form or variant of the Book of Common Prayer in the shaping of their worship.
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^ Ordination in the formal sense to any permanent order, as opposed to commissioning for a particular task, is not to be found in the New Testament.
  • VirtueOnline - News - Exclusives - VIA MEDIA'S STRATEGY EXPOSED 18 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.virtueonline.org [Source type: Original source]

.Others have, at various times, joined the Continuing Anglican movement.^ Others have, at various times, joined the Continuing Anglican movement .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Part of a series on the Continuing Anglican Movement .
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^ The various papers and declarations of successive Lambeth Conferences, have served to frame the continued Anglican debate on identity, especially as relating to the possibility of ecumenical discussion with other churches.
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These latter trends reflect a countervailing tendency in Anglicanism towards insularity, reinforced perhaps by the "big tent" nature of the movement, which seeks to be comprehensive of various views and tendencies. .The insularity and complacency of the early established Church of England has tended to influence Anglican self-identity, and inhibit engagement with the broader society in favour of internal debate and dialogue.^ Church and Society in England 1770–1970 .
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^ The insularity and complacency of the early established Church of England has tended to influence Anglican self-identity, and inhibit engagement with the broader society in favour of internal debate and dialogue.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Richard Hooker (1554–1600), one of the most influential figures in shaping Anglican theology and self-identity For 'High Church' Anglicans, doctrine is neither established by a magisterium , nor derived from the theology of an eponymous founder (such as Lutheranism or Calvinism ), nor summed up in a confession of faith (beyond those of the creeds ).
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.Nonetheless, there is significantly greater cohesion among Anglicans when they turn their attention outward.^ Really it seems it may be time to focus as much attention on what traditional Anglicans will do with each other as what they will do with the revisionists.
  • VirtueOnline - News - Exclusives - VIA MEDIA'S STRATEGY EXPOSED 18 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.virtueonline.org [Source type: Original source]

.Anglicans worldwide are active in many areas of social and environmental concern.^ Anglicans worldwide are active in many areas of social and environmental concern.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anglican concern with broader issues of social justice can be traced to its earliest divines.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Whilst never actively endorsed by the Anglican Church, many Anglicans unofficially have adopted the Augustinian " Just War " doctrine.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

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  35. ^ "Upholding Communion of the Baptized". ECUSA. June 22, 2006. http://gc2006.org/legislation/view_leg_detail.aspx?id=368&type=CURRENT. 
  36. ^ http://www.holycrossmonastery.com
  37. ^ http://www.geocities.com/xnomad4/index.html
  38. ^ Mould, Alan (2007). .The English Chorister: A History.^ The English Chorister: A History .
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    London: Hambledon Continuum. p. 94. ISBN 1847250580. OCLC 71165225.
     
  39. ^ Mould, Alan. .The English Chorister: A History.^ The English Chorister: A History .
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    p. 177.
     
  40. ^ http://www.katapi.org.uk/ChristianFaith/LXIII.htm#IV
  41. ^ Williams, Thomas J. (1950). Priscilla Lydia Sellon. London: SPCK. 
  42. ^ Major Branches of Religions
  43. ^ http://www.hindu.com/2005/12/18/stories/2005121801371100.htm The Hindu Restoration work under way at St. Mary's Church
  44. ^ Legacy XS Youth Centre & Skatepark, St. George's, Benfleet
  45. ^ "Joint Statement by The Archbishop of Westminster and The Archbishop of Canterbury", Anglican Communion News Network, 20 Ocotber 2009. Retrieved on 20 October 2009.
  46. ^ "Roman Catholic church to receive Anglicans—Pope Benedict approves decree setting up worldwide institution to receive Anglican groups", The Guardian, 20 October 2009. Retrieved on 20 October 2009.
  47. ^ Kitson Clark, G. (1973). Churchmen and the Condition of England 1832–1885. Methuen. p. 100. 
  48. ^ Norman, E. R. (1976). Church and Society in England 1770–1970. Clarendon Press. pp. 171–172. 

Further reading

  • Anson, Peter F. (1955). .The Call to the Cloister: Religious Communities and kindred bodies in the Anglican Communion.^ See also: Anglican religious order and Anglican devotions A small yet influential aspect of Anglicanism is its religious orders and communities.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Since the 1960s there has been a sharp decline in the number of professed religious in most parts of the Anglican Communion, especially in North America , Europe , and Australia .
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Other communities of religious have been started by Anglicans in Papua New Guinea and in Vanuatu.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    SPCK.
     
  • Fitch, John (2009). Anglican Eirenicon: The Anglican Concept of Churchmanship in the Quest for Christian Unity. The Lutterworth Press. ISBN 9780718892128. .http://www.lutterworth.com/lp/titles/angeiren.htm. 
  • Hein, David, ed (1991).^ TrackBack URL for this entry: http://www.typepad.com/services/trackback/6a00d83451da9669e20120a65cda2d970b .
    • Ruth Gledhill - Times Online - WBLG: Muslim gunman shouts 'Allahu Akbar' before 13 shot dead 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC timescolumns.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Hein, David, ed (1991).
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Divine Poems – On the Sacrament, (Flesher's Edition) http://www.giga-usa.com/quotes/topics/doctrine_t001.htm ^ "Upholding Communion of the Baptized" .
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Readings in Anglican Spirituality.^ Readings in Anglican Spirituality .
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Cincinnati: Forward Movement. 
  • Hein, David, and Charles R. Henery, editors (forthcoming, 2010). Spiritual Counsel in the Anglican Tradition. Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock; Cambridge, UK: .James Clarke & Co.^ James Clarke & Co.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

  • Hein, David, and Gardiner H. Shattuck Jr. (2005). The Episcopalians. New York: Church Publishing. 
  • Hein, David. "Thoughtful Holiness: The Rudiments of Anglican Identity." Sewanee Theological Review 52 (2009): 266–75.
  • Jasper, R. C. D. (1989). .The development of the Anglican Liturgy, 1662–1980.^ The development of the Anglican Liturgy, 1662–1980 .
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .London: SPCK. 
  • More, Paul E; Cross, Frank L., eds (2009).^ London: SPCK. More, Paul E; Cross, Frank L., eds (2009).
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Anglicanism: The Thought and Practice of the Church of England.^ The usual Anglican response was to focus on education and give support to 'The National Society for the Education of the Children of the Poor in the principles of the Church of England'.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Their work is largely credited with the development of the Oxford Movement , which sought to reassert Catholic identity and practice in the Anglican Church.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Anglicanism is a tradition within Christianity comprising churches with historical connections to the Church of England or similar beliefs, worship and church structures.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .James Clarke & Co.^ James Clarke & Co.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 9780227172902. .http://www.lutterworth.com/jamesclarke/jc/titles/anglican.htm. 
  • Mould, Alan (2007).^ TrackBack URL for this entry: http://www.typepad.com/services/trackback/6a00d83451da9669e20120a65cda2d970b .
    • Ruth Gledhill - Times Online - WBLG: Muslim gunman shouts 'Allahu Akbar' before 13 shot dead 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC timescolumns.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Mould, Alan (2007).
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Divine Poems – On the Sacrament, (Flesher's Edition) http://www.giga-usa.com/quotes/topics/doctrine_t001.htm ^ "Upholding Communion of the Baptized" .
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The English Chorister: A History.^ The English Chorister: A History .
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .London: Hambledon Continuum. 
  • Neill, Stephen.^ London: Hambledon Continuum.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Anglicanism. 
  • Nichols, Aidan (1993).^ Nichols, Aidan (1993).
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The Panther and the Hind: A Theological History of Anglicanism. T&T Clark. 
  • Norman, Edward (2004). .Anglican Difficulties: A New Syllabus of Errors.^ Anglican Difficulties: A New Syllabus of Errors .
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Morehouse.
     
  • Sachs, William L. (1993). .The Transformation of Anglicanism: From State Church to Global Community.^ Especially in the 'Transformer' or 'independent church' contexts - you know the sort - those at odds with Anglicanism - those with a personal 'mission' and hotline to the Lord.
    • Ruth Gledhill - Times Online - WBLG: Muslim gunman shouts 'Allahu Akbar' before 13 shot dead 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC timescolumns.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Cambridge University Press. 
  • Sykes, Stephen, John Booty, and Jonathan Knight, (eds.^ Cambridge University Press.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Sykes, Stephen , John Booty, and Jonathan Knight, (eds.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ). The Study of Anglicanism. .Minneapolis: Fortress Press. 
  • Temple, William.^ Minneapolis: Fortress Press.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Doctrine in the Church of England. 
  • Griffith Thomas, William Henry (1930).^ Griffith Thomas, William Henry (1930).
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Doctrine in the Church of England .
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Outside England, one sees such figures as William Porcher DuBose , William Meade , and Charles Henry Brent in the United States.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The Principles of Theology: An Introduction to the Thirty-Nine Articles. London: Longmans, Green & Co. 
  • Bess, Douglas (September 2006) [2002]. .Divided We Stand: A History of the Continuing Anglican Movement.^ Clergy and laity from all Anglican churchmanship traditions have been active in the formation of the Continuing movement.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Repeatedly, throughout Anglican history, this principle has reasserted itself in movements of social justice.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Main article: Continuing Anglican movement Continuing Anglican refers to a number of church bodies formed outside of the Anglican Communion .
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Apocryphile Press, [Tractarian Press].^ Apocryphile Press, [Tractarian Press].
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [ISBN 0971963606]. ISBN 1933993103.
     

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

.Anglicanism most commonly refers to the beliefs and practices of the Anglican Communion, a world-wide affiliation of Christian Churches, most of which have historical connections with the Church of England.^ Relations with other churches - World Anglicanism .
  • Anglicanism -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Anglicanism :: Related Articles -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The Anglican Communion is the worldwide fellowship of churches owing their origins to the Church of England .
  • saint patrick's church -- lexington, ky - what is anglicanism? 10 February 2010 11:22 UTC pvmatthews.squarespace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Is communion with the Church of England how you define Anglican .

Sourced

.
  • The Anglican Church seems the Wonder Emporium of Mr Magorium.^ Mrs Teresa Forward (also the contact for Back to Church Sunday and Godly Play) Tel: 01962 737322 Email: teresa.forward@winchester.anglica