Anguilla: Wikis


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Flag Coat of arms
Motto"Strength and Endurance"
AnthemGod Save the Queen
National song: God Bless Anguilla 1
Capital The Valley
Official languages English
Ethnic groups  90.1% West African, 4.6% Multiracial, 3.7% European, 1.5% other[1]
Demonym Anguillian
Government British Overseas Territory
 -  Monarch HM Queen Elizabeth II
 -  Governor William Alistair Harrison
 -  UK overseas territory 1980 
 -  Total 91 km2 (220th)
35.1 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) negligible
 -  2006 estimate 13,477 (212th)
 -  Density 132/km2 (n/a)
342/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2004 estimate
 -  Total $108.9 million 
 -  Per capita $8,800 
Currency East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Time zone (UTC-4)
Drives on the left
Internet TLD .ai
Calling code +1-264
1 "National Song of Anguilla". Official Website of the Government of Anguilla. Retrieved 12 October 2005.  

Coordinates: 18°13′14″N 63°4′7″W / 18.22056°N 63.06861°W / 18.22056; -63.06861

Anguilla (pronounced /æŋˈɡwɪlə/ ang-GWIL) is a British overseas territory in the Caribbean, one of the most northerly of the Leeward Islands in the Lesser Antilles. It consists of the main island of Anguilla itself, approximately 26 km (16 mi) long by 5 km (3.1 mi) wide at its widest point, together with a number of much smaller islands and cays with no permanent population. The island's capital is The Valley. The total land area of the territory is 91 km2 (35 sq mi)[2], with a population of approximately 13,500 (2006 estimate).



Anguilla was first settled by Amerindian tribes who migrated from South America. The earliest Amerindian artifacts found on Anguilla have been dated to around 1300 BC, and remains of settlements date from 600 AD.[3] The date of European discovery is uncertain: some sources claim that Columbus sighted the island in 1493, while others state that the island was first discovered by the French in 1564 or 1565.[4] The name Anguilla derives from the word for "eel" in any of various Romance languages (modern Spanish: anguila; French: anguille; Italian: anguilla), probably chosen because of the island's eel-like shape.

Anguilla was first colonised by English settlers from Saint Kitts, beginning in 1650.[5] The French temporarily overtook the island in 1666 but under the Treaty of Breda it was returned to English control.[5] Other early arrivals included Europeans from Antigua and Barbados. It is likely that some of these early Europeans brought enslaved Africans with them. Historians confirm that African slaves lived in the region in the early seventeenth century. For example, Africans from Senegal lived in St. Christopher (today St. Kitts) in 1626. By 1672 a slave depot existed on the island of Nevis, serving the Leeward Islands. While the time of African arrival in Anguilla is difficult to place precisely, archive evidence indicates a substantial African presence (at least 100) on the island by 1683.

The island was administered by England, and later the United Kingdom, until the early nineteenth century when – against the wishes of the inhabitants – it was incorporated into a single British dependency along with Saint Kitts and Nevis. After two rebellions in 1967 and 1969 and a brief period as a self-declared independent republic headed by Ronald Webster, British rule was fully restored in July, 1971. Anguilla became a separate British dependency (now termed a British overseas territory) in 1980.


Anguilla is an internally self-governing overseas territory of the United Kingdom. Its politics takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic dependency, whereby the Chief Minister is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system.

The United Nations Committee on Decolonisation includes Anguilla on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. The territory's constitution is Anguilla Constitutional Order 1 April 1982 (amended 1990). Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the House of Assembly. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.



As a dependency of the United Kingdom, the UK is responsible for its military defense, although there are no active garrison or armed forces present.


Map of Anguilla
Cap Juluca
Island Harbour

Anguilla is a flat, low-lying island of coral and limestone in the Caribbean Sea, east of Puerto Rico. The soil is generally thin and poor, supporting only scrub vegetation.

Anguilla is noted for its spectacular and ecologically important coral reefs. Apart from the main island of Anguilla itself, the territory includes a number of other smaller islands and cays, mostly tiny and uninhabited. Some of these are:


Anguilla has a tropical though rather dry climate, moderated by northeast trade winds. Temperatures vary little throughout the year. Average daily maxima range from about 27 °C (81 °F) in December to 30 °C (86 °F) in July. Rainfall is erratic, averaging about 90 cm (35 in) per year, the wettest months being September and October, and the driest February and March. Anguilla is vulnerable to hurricanes from June to November, peak season August to mid-October.

Weather data for The Valley - capital of Anguilla
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28
Daily mean °C (°F) 26
Average low °C (°F) 23
Precipitation cm (inches) 7
Source: Weatherbase[6]


Overlooking Sandy Ground, Anguilla

Anguilla's thin arid soil is largely unsuitable for agriculture, and the island has few land-based natural resources. Its main industries are tourism, offshore incorporation and management, offshore banking, and fishing. Many insurance and financial business are headquartered in Anguilla.

The economy of Anguilla is expanding rapidly, especially the tourism sector which is driving major new developments in partnerships with multi-national companies. This boom, beginning gently during 2005-2006, is accelerating through 2007 and is expected to continue for years. In an effort to prevent overheating, there is currently a moratorium on "non-belongers" (foreigners) buying land in Anguilla.


Anguilla's currency is the East Caribbean dollar, though the US dollar is also widely accepted. The exchange rate is fixed to the US dollar at US$1 = EC$2.68.


Anguilla is served by Wallblake Airport. Services connect to various other Caribbean islands, but the airport cannot receive large jets and there are no direct flights to or from continental America or Europe. Regular ferries link Anguilla and the neighboring island of Saint Martin, with a journey time of about twenty minutes.

Aside from taxis, there is no public transport on the island. Cars drive on the left.


The majority of residents (90.08%) are black, the descendants of slaves transported from Africa. Growing minorities include whites at 3.74% and people of mixed race at 4.65% (figures from 2001 census).

72% of the population is Anguillian while 28% is non-Anguillian (2001 census). Of the non-Anguillian population, many are citizens of the United States, United Kingdom, St Kitts & Nevis, the Dominican Republic, Jamaica and Nigeria.

2006 and 2007 saw an influx of large numbers of Chinese, Indian, and Mexican workers, brought in as labour for major tourist developments due to the local population not being large enough to support the labour requirements.


The Anguilla National Trust (ANT) was established in 1988 and opened its offices in 1993 charged with the responsibility of preserving the heritage of the island, including its cultural heritage. The Trust has programmes encouraging Anguillian writers and the preservation of the island's history.

The island's cultural history begins with the Taino Indians. Artefacts have been found around the island, telling of life before European settlers arrived.

As throughout the Caribbean, holidays are a cultural fixture. Anguilla's most important holidays are of historic as much as cultural importance – particularly the anniversary of the emancipation (previously August Monday in the Park), celebrated as the Summer Festival. British holidays, such as the Queen's birthday, are also celebrated.


According to the 2001 census Christianity is Anguilla's predominant religion, with 29 percent of the population practising Anglicanism. Another 23.9 percent are Methodist. Other churches on the island include Seventh-day Adventist, Baptist, Roman Catholic, and Jehovah's Witnesses (0.7%).[7] Between 1992 and 2001 the number of followers of the Church of God and Pentecostal Churches increased considerably. There are at least fifteen churches on the island, several of architectural interest. Although a minority on the island, it is an important location to followers of Rastafarian religion – Anguilla is the birthplace of Robert Athlyi Rogers, author of The Holy Piby which has had a strong influence on Rastafarian beliefs. Various other religions are practised as well.[7]

Religions in Anguilla[7]
in percent
Religion 1992 2001
Anglican 40.4 29.0
Methodist 33.2 23.9
Seventh-day Adventist 7.0 7.6
Baptist 4.7 7.3
Roman Catholic 3.2 5.7
Episcopalian - 7.6
Pentecostal - 7.7
Jehovah Witnesses - 0.7
Rastafarian - 0.7
Evangelical - 0.5
Brethren - 0.3
Muslim - 0.3
Presbytarian - 0.2
Hindu - 0.4
Jewish - 0.1
None - 4.0
Other 10.7 3.5
Not stated 0.7 0.3


Today most people in Anguilla speak a British-influenced variety of "Standard" English. Other languages are also spoken on the island, including varieties of Spanish, Chinese and the languages of other immigrants. However, the most common language other than Standard English is the island's own English-lexifier Creole language (not to be confused with French Creole spoken in islands such as Haiti, Martinique, and Guadeloupe). It is referred to locally by terms such as "dialect" (pronounced "dialec"), or "Anguillian". It has its main roots in early varieties of English and West African languages, and is similar to the dialects spoken in English-speaking islands throughout the Eastern Caribbean.



A modern square rigger viewed from Long Bay

Boat racing has deep roots in Anguillian culture, and is the national sport. There are regular sailing regattas on national holidays, such as Carnival, which are contested by locally built and designed boats. These boats have names and have sponsors that print their logo on their sails.

As in many other former British Colonies, cricket is also a popular sport. Anguilla is the home of Omari Banks, who played for the West Indies Cricket Team, while Cardigan Connor played first-class cricket for English county side Hampshire and was 'chef de mission' (team manager) for Anguilla's Commonwealth Games team in 2002.

Rugby union is represented in Anguilla by the Anguilla Eels RFC, who were formed in April 2006.[8] The Eels have been finalists in the St. Martin tournament in November 2006 and semi finalists in 2007.

See also


  1. ^ Anguilla World Fact Book
  2. ^
  3. ^ Caribbean Islands, Sarah Cameron (Footprint Travel Guides), p. 466 (Google Books)
  4. ^ Anguilla's History, Government of Anguilla website
  5. ^ a b Adapted from the works of Colville Petty O.B.E and Nik Douglas. (2009). "History & Culture". Retrieved 2009-05-07.  
  6. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for The Valley".  
  7. ^ a b c "Persons by Religion, Census 1992 and 2001 (Table 14)". Statistics Department of Anguilla. Retrieved 2008-04-16.  
  8. ^ Rugby in Anguilla!, Anguilla News

External links

General information

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Quick Facts
Capital The Valley
Government dependency of the United Kingdom
Currency East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Area 102 sq km
Population 13,477 (July 2006 est.)
Language English (official)
Religion Anglican 40%, Methodist 33%, Seventh-Day Adventist 7%, Baptist 5%, Roman Catholic 3%, other 12%
Electricity 120V/60Hz (North American plug)
Calling Code +1-264
Internet TLD .ai
Time Zone UTC-4

Anguilla is a small island nation in the Caribbean Sea, a few miles north of Saint Martin.

Map of Anguilla
Map of Anguilla
  • The Valley - the capital
  • Blowing Point
  • Island Harbour
  • Sandy Ground
  • West End Village
  • East End Village
  • Meads Bay
  • Rendezvous Bay
  • Sandy Hill Bay
  • Little Bay
  • Crocus Bay
  • Shoal Bay
  • Scrub Island
  • Sandy Island
  • Silly Cay


Anguilla was colonized by English settlers from Saint Kitts in 1650, and administered by Great Britain until the early 19th century, when the island - against the wishes of the inhabitants - was incorporated into a single UK dependency along with Saint Kitts and Nevis. Several attempts at separation failed. In 1971, two years after a revolt, Anguilla was finally allowed to secede; this arrangement was formally recognized in 1980 with Anguilla becoming a separate UK dependency.

Anguilla has few natural resources, and the economy depends heavily on luxury tourism, offshore banking, lobster fishing, and remittances from emigrants. Increased activity in the tourism industry, which has spurred the growth of the construction sector, has contributed to economic growth.


Anguilla is a flat and low-lying island. It is 35 sq. miles, 16 miles long and 3 miles wide at the widest point. The highest point is Crocus Hill, at 65 meters.

The island is made of limestone, providing many caves. Two of the most impressive being The Big Springs located in Island Harbour and The Fountain located in Shoal Bay.

Anguilla also has many attractive coral reefs which provides habitats for a vast array of tropical fish and marine wildlife. This motivates individuals to take part in snorkeling.

Get in

By plane

American Airlines provides non-stop service to San Juan, Puerto Rico. Once in San Juan, one may connect using American Airlines, or their Oneworld Alliance partner Iberia, to 35 destinations in the United States and in the Caribbean. Liat provides once daily service to St. Thomas, and onwards to other destinations in the Caribbean.

It may be easier to access Anguilla via St. Maarten, which can be reached non-stop from many eastern U.S. cities, as well as European cities. From there, Winair operates flights which can take 8 minutes to reach Anguilla from St.Maarten. Visitors can also book local air charters via Trans Anguilla, Anguilla Air Service and Island Air Service. Many visitors charter boats privately from the pier near Princess Julianna Airport in St. Maarten to Anguilla. There are also modest, private ferries that depart from Marigot every 30 minutes.

By boat

There are regular ferries from St.Martin to Anguilla. It is a 20 minute crossing from Marigot, St. Martin to Blowing Point, Anguilla. Ferries commence service from 7:00AM. There is also a Charter Service, from Blowing Point, Anguilla to Princess Juliana Airport to make travel easier. This way of travel is the most common method of transport between Anguilla and St. Martin or Saint Maarten. If you do not want to get too wet, choose your seat carefully to sit facing the wind. If you experience sea sickness quite easily, ensure you take medication before leaving Anguilla.

  • Driving is on the left-hand side of the road. Speeds are low, but the island is small. There are also a few round-abouts and stop lights throughout the island. Keep left and GIVE WAY TO THE RIGHT!

Taxi service is unmetered, with set rates. Taxi drivers offer island tours lasting several hours. Fares must be paid in cash.

  • The ferry from Blowing Point to Marigot, St. Martin runs all day on the half hour. The last ferry departs Anguilla at 6:15PM and final ferry departs St. Martin at 7:00PM. Connections and charters are available to other islands.
  • Cars, bikes, and mopeds can all be rented. Rental cars are available in from several different agencies. Hertz, Avis and other local agencies.


English is the official language, spoken everywhere.



Anguilla has many farms of corn, peas, tomatoes and other crops. To see, buy or learn about plants and animals in Anguilla one can visit The Department of Agriculture, located in The Valley, Anguilla.

Anguilla National Trust is an organization whose task is to preserve Anguilla's natural environment, historic and cultural resources and archaeology. They can provide information on Anguilla's environment and conduct tours.

Gardens in Anguilla are:

  • Hydroponic Farm and Organic Gardens, CuisinArt Resort and Spa, West End.
  • Endangered Species Garden and Indigenous Local Plants Gardens, Cap Juluca Resort

The Angilla Beautification Club (ABC) also hosts an Annual Flower and Garden Show.


Hiking, Art Gallery Tours, Horseback Riding at Seaside Stables, El Rancho Del Blues and CLiffside Stables. Tennis, Golf at Play-A-Round Mini-Golf Park and Temenos Golf Club, Spa and Wellness, Glass-bottom boat, Swimming, Snorkeling, Fishing, Festivals: Anguilla Summer Festival, Tranquility Jazz Festival, Moonsplash, Festival Del Mar, Annual Anguilla Yacht Regatta and Annual Lighting of the Christmas Tree.

There are many places to lounge, listen to music and dance such as:

  • Elvis Beach Bar, Sandy Ground
  • Ripples, Sandy Ground
  • Johnno's Beach Bar and Grill, Sandy Ground
  • Pumphouse, Sandy Ground
  • Rafe's, Sandy Ground
  • Dune Preserve, West End
  • Elodias, Shoal Bay, there is a live band on Sunday evenings
  • English Rose Restaurant, The Valley, karaoke on Friday nights
  • Ko Ko's Beach Bar, Island Harbour
  • Scilly Cay, a small island a few minutes away from the main island.


The East Caribbean dollar was fixed in 1976 at an exchange rate of 2.7 per U.S. dollar. U.S. dollars are accepted everywhere but change will be in East Caribbean currency. Credit cards are taken at hotels and restaurants (not everywhere will accept Amex. Mastercard/Visa preferred). Stores will have all prices listed in East Caribbean dollars.



There are many places to dine in Anguilla, with a wide variety of cuisines to chose from. The prices also vary depending on the selected restaurant.

  • Uncle Ernie's on Shoal Bay beach; inexpensive local BBQ;
  • Smitty's [1] in Island Harbor.
  • Scilly Cay in Island Harbor; pronounced Silly Key; take a boat or swim out to this tiny island off the island. Food is great also the rum punch!! This is a nice place to lounge on a Sunday afternoon.
  • Roy's [2] above Crocus Bay; started by a British expat and his wife. Great bargain lunches on Fridays. Very well known for their fish and chips.
  • The Pumphouse in Sandy Ground next to the old salt flats
  • Johnno's is an Anguillan landmark, run by John (Johnno) on Sandy Ground beach. It is an open air bar, restaurant and at night a dance club on the beach, often with live local bands.
  • Zara's, Shoal Bay - Listen to the Chef, Shamash, sing love songs in his kitchen while you watch him prepare your feast.

Reservations: 497 3229

  • Sandy Island, Sandy Ground, 476-6534 (Simone) for reservations.. A tiny offshore island where you're guaranteed a GREAT time! (Be brave and try the rum punch!!)
  • English Rose Restaurant, The Valley.
  • Ripples, Sandy Ground.
  • Elvis Beach Bar, Sandy Ground.
  • Elodias, Shoal Bay.
  • Gwen's Reggae Grill, Shoal Bay.
  • Tasty's at the Dune, West End.
  • B & D's BBQ, Long Bay
  • Big Jim's BBQ, Blowing Point
  • Amy's Bakery, Blowing Point
  • Mary's Bakery, The, Quarter
  • Hall's Unique Bakery, The Valley
  • Le Bon Pain, Island Harbour
  • Oriental Restaurant and Bar, The Valley; Chinese restaurant
  • Landing Strip Restaurant, Blowing Point
  • Nico's Restaurant, The Valley
  • Michel Rostant at the Malliouhana [3] Incredible view, an awesome view and great food. Conde Nast traveler rated this restaurant 100 out of 100.
  • Hibernia [4] Unique food, gracious hosts and a wonderful time always. Worth the drive!
  • Blanchard's [5] Great decor, which is unfortunately undermined by the bland food.
  • Mango's [6] Directly on the beach, with wonderful seafood.
  • Straw Hat [7] Don't miss the crayfish here!
  • Altamer [8] Delicious lobsters big as orbiting moons, great service.
  • Deon's Overlook [9]Formerly Cyril's Overlook of Montauk/NY fame but now in the trusty hands of Deon. Fabulous seafood and great gazpacho soup!
  • Koal Keel Restaurant, The Valley.
  • Caprice, West End.
  • Kemia, Cap Juluca Hotel, West End.
  • Pimms, Cap Juluca Hotel, West End.
  • La Luna Rosa.
  • Le Bistro, Malliouhana, West End.
  • Santorini, CuisinArt, West End.
  • Veya, Sandy Ground.


Chose from an array of hotels, villas, guest houses and apartments to rest your head at night.


Anguilla Great House

Ku on Shoal Bay

Shoal Bay Villas [10] - Shoal Bay

Arawak Beach Inn - Island Harbour

Frangipani Beach Club - Meads Bay

Rendezvous Bay Hotel and Villas - Rendezvous Bay

Caribbean Seaview - Long Path

Carimar Beach Club - Meads Bay

Lloyd's - The Valley

Masara Resort - Katouche

Ocean Breeze - Long Path

  • Sheriva Villas - Maundays Bay Road, West End [11]
  • Cuisinart Resort and Spa [12]
  • Cap Juluca [13]
  • Malliouhana Hotel and Spa [14]
  • Sirena Hotel - Meads Bay [15]
  • Bird of Paradise - Sandy Hill Bay [16]
  • Altamer Villas - Shoal Bay West [17]
  • Coyaba Manor - Lockrum Estate [18]
  • Spyglass Hill Villa - North Hill [19]
  • Temenos Villas - Long Bay [20]
  • Exclusivity - Captain's Bay [21]
  • Kamique Little Harbour Villas - Little Harbour [22]

Stay safe

Anguilla is a safe island with a low crime rate. But please take necessary precautions--lock your doors at night, don't leave personal belongings in your unlocked rental car and don't give rides to pedestrians.

The Police station is in the capital, The Valley. Also, the hospital, Princess Alexandra Hosipal. There is only one hospital in Anguilla, however, there are many private doctors, including Hughes Medical Center located in West End. There are many Medical Clinics located in many villages such as, The Valley, West End, East End and Blowing Point.

Stay healthy

Anguilla offers a variety of Spas and Wellness centers, Gyms and Healthy Food stores.


  • Louis Price Fitness, George Hill.
  • Cardigan Connor, Personal Trainer

Spas and Wellness Centers

  • Cardigan Connor's Massage
  • OSSIA Massage and Esthetics, South Hill
  • Taino Wellness Center
  • Carey's Ultimate Care Spa, North Side
  • Malakh Day Spa, Shoal Bay Beach, next to Gwen's Reggae Grill

Healty Food Stores

  • Simple Natural, The Valley


The beautiful people of Anguilla are incredibly friendly and hospitable.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

ANGUILLA, or Snake, a small island in the British Indies, part of the presidency of St Kitts-Nevis, in the colony of the Leeward Islands. Pop. (1901) 3890, mostly negroes. It is situated in 18° 12' N. and 63° 5' W., about 60 m. N.W. of St Kitts, is 16 m. long and has an area of 35 sq. m. The destruction of trees by charcoal-burners has resulted in the almost complete deforestation of the island. Nearly all the land is in the hands of peasant proprietors, who cultivate sweet potatoes, peas, beans, corn, &c., and rear sheep and goats. Cattle, phosphate of lime and salt, manufactured from a lake in the interior, are the principal exports, the market for these being the neighbouring island of St Thomas.

<< Franccois Anguier

Angulate >>


Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also anguilla



Proper noun


  1. a British overseas territory in the Caribbean.


See also


Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies


Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Osteichthyes
Classis: Actinopterygii
Subclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Superordo: Elopomorpha
Ordo: Anguilliformes
Subordo: Anguilloidei
Familia: Anguillidae
Genus: Anguilla
Species: A. anguilla - A. australis - A. bengalensis - A. bicolor - A. borneensis - A. celebesensis - A. dieffenbachii - A. interioris - A. japonica - A. malgumora - A. marmorata - A. megastoma - A. mossambica - A. nebulosa - A. nigricans - A. obscura - A. reinhardtii - A. rostrata


Anguilla Schrank, 1798: 304, 307


  • Schrank, F. von P. 1798: Fauna Boica. Durchgedachte Geschichte der in Baieren einheimischen und zahmen Thiere. v. 1: i-xii + 1-720.
  • Hoese, D.F. and J.E. Gates 2006: Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. Fishes.

Vernacular Name

English: Freshwater Eels
Français: Anguille
中文: 鰻鱺


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