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Anil Kumble
Anil Kumble.jpg
Personal information
Full name Anil Kumble
Born 17 October 1970 (1970-10-17) (age 39)
Bangalore, India
Nickname Jumbo
Batting style Right-handed
Bowling style Right-arm leg break
Role Bowler and Test captain
International information
National side India
Test debut (cap 192) 9 August 1990 v England
Last Test 29 October 2008 v Australia
ODI debut (cap 78) 25 April 1990 v Sri Lanka
Last ODI 19 March 2007 v Bermuda
Domestic team information
Years Team
1989/90 – 2008/09 Karnataka
2006 Surrey
2000 Leicestershire
1995 Northamptonshire
2008 Royal Challengers Bangalore
Career statistics
Competition Test ODI FC LA
Matches 132 271 244 380
Runs scored 2,506 938 5,572 1,456
Batting average 17.77 10.53 21.68 11.20
100s/50s 1/5 0/0 7/17 0/0
Top score 110* 26 154* 30*
Balls bowled 40,850 14,496 66,931 20,247
Wickets 619 337 1,136 514
Bowling average 29.65 30.89 25.83 27.58
5 wickets in innings 35 2 72 3
10 wickets in match 8 n/a 19 n/a
Best bowling 10/74 6/12 10/74 6/12
Catches/stumpings 60/– 85/– 120/– 122/–
Source: CricketArchive, 08 November 2008

Anil Kumble (Kannada: ಅನಿಲ್ ಕುಂಬ್ಳೆ) About this sound pronunciation (born 17 October 1970 in Bangalore, Karnataka) is a former Indian cricketer and captain of the Indian Test cricket team. He is a right-arm leg spin (legbreak googly) bowler and a right-hand batsman. He is currently the leading wicket-taker for India in both Test and One Day International matches. At present he is the third highest wicket-taker in Test cricket and one of only three bowlers to have taken more than 600 Test wickets. Kumble has had success bowling with other spinners, notably Venkatapathy Raju and Rajesh Chauhan in the 1990s and Harbhajan Singh since 2000.

Kumble was appointed the captain of the Indian Test cricket team on 8 November 2007[1]. His first assignment as captain was the three-test home series against Pakistan that India won 1-0. Then he led the Indian Test team on its tour to Australia for the 2007-08 four-test series of The Border-Gavaskar Trophy that India lost 1-2. Kumble succeeded his state team mate Rahul Dravid, who resigned as the captain in September 2007 [2]. Since his debut in international cricket on 25 April 1990, he has taken 619 Test wickets and 337 ODI wickets. Although often criticized as not a big turner of the ball[3], Kumble is the second highest wicket taker among leg spinners in Test cricket behind leg spinner Shane Warne of Australia and the third of all bowlers after Warne and off spinner Muttiah Muralitharan of Sri Lanka and has claimed 619 Test wickets. He is one of only two bowlers in the history of cricket to have taken all 10 wickets in a test innings, the other being Jim Laker of England.[4] Kumble is currently ranked the 18th best bowler in Tests by the International Cricket Council[5]. He was awarded the Padma Shri, India's 4th highest civilian honour, by the Government of India in 2005. After playing for India for 18 years, he announced his retirement on 2 November 2008. His last match was against Australia at his favourite venue, the Feroz Shah Kotla Ground in Delhi.

Contents

Personal life

Anil Kumble was born in Bangalore, Karnataka to KN Krishna Swamy and Saroja.[6] His family, takes its name from Kumble village situated in the Kasaragod district of Kerala, close to the Karnataka border: his paternal great grandfather hailed from this village while his maternal family hails from Karnataka.[7] He is married to Chethana Ramatheertha.[8] Anil has 3 children - daughter Aaruni (from Chethana's previous marriage), son Mayas and the youngest Svasti (daughter) [9][10]

Kumble began playing cricket on streets of Bangalore and joined a club called Young Cricketers when he was 13 years old. Kumble did his primary schooling at Holy Saint English School and his high schooling at National High School, Basavanagudi. He got his Pre-University College education from National College, Basavanagudi. Kumble graduated from Rashtreeya Vidyalaya College of Engineering in Mechanical Engineering in 1991-92. Kumble was studious by disposition. Prior to his selection for the England tour, he did exceedingly well in his academics, passing mechanical engineering with distinction in the top of his class. Two of his college team mates, M.P. Vivek and Rashid Mohsin went on to have scintillating but short lived first class careers. Kumble has a brother named Dinesh. He is nicknamed Jumbo not only because his deliveries, for a spinner, are "as fast as a Jumbo jet".[6], but also because his feet are quite big or Jumbo as observed by his team-mates.

Career

Anil Kumble of India in action against South Africa in 2008.

Kumble is a right-arm leg spinner with an unorthodox style, most famous for his flipper. He started his career as a medium pacer, which has given him a useful faster delivery. He relies more on accuracy, variations and bounce than spinning the ball.[7] His unique bowling style can be attributed to matting pitches in Bangalore which assist top-spin and over-spin.[11]

He made his first-class debut for Karnataka against Hyderabad in November 1989, taking 4 wickets and bagging a pair. He was selected for India Under-19s against Pakistan Under-19s, scoring 113 in the first test and 76 in the second. He made his ODI debut against Sri Lanka at Sharjah in the Australasia Cup on 25 April 1990. He also made his Test debut in that year on India's tour of England in the second Test. It was when India toured South Africa in 1992 that he established himself as a quality international spinner, taking 8 wickets in the second Test. Later that year, when England toured India, he took 21 wickets in just 3 Test matches at an average of 19.8.

He took his first 50 Test wickets in just 10 Test matches, the fastest an Indian bowler had achieved the milestone. He went on to become the second fastest Indian bowler to reach 100 Test wickets (in 21 Test matches), after Erapalli Prasanna. On 27 November 1993, he took 6 wickets for 12 runs in an ODI against the West Indies at Calcutta, a new record for best bowling figures by an Indian, one that remains unbeaten till date.

His performance in ODI cricket peaked in 1996, the year in which the World Cup was held in Asia, when he took 61 ODI wickets at an average of 20.24 and an economy rate of 4.06.

Kumble is one of only two bowlers ever (the other being Jim Laker) to have taken all 10 wickets in a Test innings. Kumble achieved this against Pakistan in the second Test played in Delhi between 4 February and 8 February 1999, although by failing to dismiss Pakistan's Waqar Younis in either innings, he missed out on the achievement of dismissing all 11 batsmen in a Test match. It has been said that once he had got 9 wickets his friend and teammate Javagal Srinath tried not to take a wicket so that Kumble could take the 10th.[citation needed] The achievement was commemorated by naming a traffic circle in Bangalore after him.

On 6 October 2004, Kumble became only the third spinner in the history of Test cricket (after Shane Warne and Muttiah Muralitharan) and the second Indian bowler (after Kapil Dev) to capture 400 Test wickets. Reaching the mark took him 30 fewer Test matches than it took Kapil Dev, and 7 fewer than Warne. He is one of only 2 Indian bowlers (the other being Javagal Srinath) and one of only 3 spinners (the others being Muralitharan and Sanath Jayasuriya) to have taken over 300 ODI wickets. In the India-West Indies series of 2006, Kumble took 6-78 in the second innings of the final Test in Sabina Park, Jamaica, and bowled India to a historic series victory; it had been 35 years since a similar series victory. During the first innings of the match, Kumble scored 45 and became the second player in the history of the game (after Warne) to score 2000 runs and take over 500 Test wickets. Anil Kumble also holds the world record for most wickets leg before wicket (lbw)[12]

Test career batting performance of Anil Kumble.

On 10 December 2004, Kumble became India's highest wicket taker when he trapped Mohammad Rafique of Bangladesh to surpass Kapil Dev's haul of 434 wickets. On 11 March 2006, he took his 500th Test wicket. On 11 June 2006, Kumble passed Courtney Walsh on 520 Test wickets to take 4th place. After returning to India from the 2007 Cricket World Cup, he announced his retirement from ODI Cricket on 30 March 2007.[13]

Towards the end of his career, Anil Kumble came up with yet another potent weapon in his armory - a googly or the wrong 'un which was reportedly delivered with a more orthodox grip and worked upon, using a tennis ball during practice.[14]

On 10 August 2007, Kumble scored his maiden century, with an innings of 110 not out against England to help them finish with 664. He took 118 Test matches to reach his maiden Test hundred, which is a record, beating Chaminda Vaas who had held this record previously with 96 Tests. It was also the only hundred by an Indian in the 3 Test series.[15] He is the only Test cricketer to have taken all ten wickets in an innings and score a Test hundred in his career. A day after scoring his ton, Kumble dismissed Vaughan for his 900th International wicket and 563rd Test wicket, drawing him level with Glenn McGrath. Later he trapped Monty Panesar for an LBW to finish the innings and overtake McGrath in the list of all time wicket takers, only Muttiah Muralitharan and Shane Warne have more wickets.

He is one of the 4 bowlers, alongside Richard Hadlee, Shane Warne and Muttiah Muralitharan, and the only Indian bowler ever, to have taken 5 wickets in a Test innings more than 30 times. He also holds the world record for the largest number of caught-and-bowled dismissals in tests, 35 - which forms 5.65% of his total wickets. His ODI bowling average, which is above 30, is considered high compared to other great bowlers, and he is known to be a much better bowler in India than elsewhere. He is also one of 4 Indian bowlers to have conceded over 250 runs in a Test match, although he took 12 wickets in that match. He is known for bowling tirelessly, having bowled 72 overs in a Test innings once. He is also remembered for his tenacity in bowling even when injured, especially after an incident in a match against West Indies where, despite having his broken jaw being heavily taped, he came back to prise out the wicket of Brian Lara.

His Test batting average is acceptable for a lower order batsmen; however, his unconvincing running in ODIs, giving him a fairly ordinary average of around 10, has prevented him from becoming an all-rounder. His fielding is considered adequate and he usually fields on the boundary or at gully.

On 17 January 2008, in the third Test against Australia at WACA, Perth, Anil Kumble became the first Indian bowler and the third in the world to reach the milestone of 600 Test wickets. Kumble achieved the record just after the tea break when he had Andrew Symonds caught by Rahul Dravid at first slip. In a friendly gesture, Adam Gilchrist shook hands with Kumble and congratulated him. Kumble would go on to lead India to its first Test victory in Perth and deny Australia a record of 17 consecutive test victories. Kumble's 600 wickets came in 124 matches at an average of 28.68. Kumble has captured most number of wickets against Australia by an Indian bowler. He has taken 104 Australian scalps in 17 matches at an average of 27.5.

Kumble is the third bowler after Muttiah Muralitharan and Shane Warne to take 600 Test wickets. Paying tribute to Kumble on reaching this milestone, cricket analysts have provided some interesting insights to his bowling skills, specifically vis-a-vis Warne and Muralitharan. Sambit Bal, the editor of Cricinfo, writes:[16]

"That he [Kumble] has been an unusual spinner has been said many times before. It has also been said, a trifle unfairly, that he is a unidimensional bowler. Palpably, he has lacked the turn of Warne and Murali, but his variety has been subtler, far more apparent to batsmen than to viewers. He has shown that not only turn and flight that can deceive the batsman but also the changes of length and pace. He has been a cultured practitioner of his unique craft and a master of nuances."

Columnist and former cricketer Peter Roebuck interestingly argues that in a bowling method that relies more on precision rather than big turns, Kumble is closer to fast bowler Glenn McGrath rather than his fellow spinners Warne and Muralitharan:[17]

"Curiously, Kumble has little in common with his two great contemporaries, Shane Warne and Muttiah Muralitharan. They relied on excess, spinning the ball ferociously and able, by sleight of hand, to fool batsmen into playing at thin air. They created error by destroying hope. Kumble more closely resembles Glenn McGrath because he does not so much baffle batsmen as torture them with precisely-pitched deliveries. Like the Australian, he does not tear opponents apart, just works away methodically till the deed has been done. Apparently he is an engineer, but he belongs in the courts of law as an inquisitor."

During the 4th test against Australia at the Adelaide Oval on 25 January 2008, Kumble was only 13 runs short of his 2nd test hundred by scoring 87 runs off 205 balls, with 9 fours in India's first innings of 526. Only Sachin Tendulkar scored more than him, with 153 runs off 205 balls.

Retirement and IPL

Anil Kumble announced his retirement from: international test cricket, first class cricket, and list A cricket appearances on the last day of the match on 2 November 2008 in the 3rd test match against Australia at Feroz Shah Kotla cricket stadium at New Delhi, India. The decision, although on the cards, came as a surprise. Kumble injured the little finger of his left hand while attempting a catch off Matthew Hayden in Australia's first innings which rendered him unfit for the 4th and final test of the series against Australia. Kumble was finding it difficult to find his striking form and went wicketless in four consecutive innings for the first time in his career before the first innings of Australia in the third test of the series against Australia in which he managed three lower order wickets only. Mitchell Johnson of Australia was the last victim of Kumble. He declared the 2nd innings of India with only 6 overs of play left in the drawn match in order to have one last trundle. His figures were 4-0-14-0. The final ball of his test career was a low full toss which was decisively driven down the ground for four by the batsman Matthew Hayden.

Kumble has been appointed to the athlete's commission of the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), with his term starting on 1 January 2009.[18]

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IPL

He has also agreed to honour his contract with the Royal Challengers Bangalore franchise of the Indian Premier League after retirement. He was given a three year contract worth US$ 500,000 per year in the first round of bidding in 2008. His first season was unremarkable but in the second season he finished as the second leading wicket-taker and the team which he captained finished in second place.

On 18 April 2009 he took 5/5 runs against the defending champions Rajasthan Royals to send them to an emphatic 75-run defeat in the second match of the 2009 edition, played in South Africa.[19][20] Despite this, he missed out on the Man of the match accolade to his close friend Rahul Dravid. After the departure of Kevin Pietersen for England's cricket commitments, Kumble was named captain of the Royal Challengers and on 1 May 2009 the former Indian skipper marshalled his team to a fine 8-run victory over the Kings XI Punjab, despite a hat-trick and a half-century from Man of the Match and losing captain Yuvraj Singh and 4 wickets for Yusuf Abdulla.[21][22] His captaincy and performance was prominent as the Challengers were able to recover from four losses in their first six games to qualify for the semifinals as the third best team in the League table, and on 23 May 2009 his team defeated the Chennai Super Kings by six wickets to earn a spot in the final against the Deccan Chargers, who along with Bangalore were the two least successful teams in last year's edition.[23] Despite a Man of the Match performance in the final, when he took 4/16 runs he was unable to prevent his team from succumbing to a six-run defeat.[24] However, Kumble ended as the most successful spin bowler and the 2nd highest wicket-taker with 21 wickets at an economy rate of 5.86 runs per over behind Rudra Pratap Singh,[25] and the team was subsequently able to qualify along with the Chargers and the Delhi Daredevils (who topped the preliminary League Table) for the 2009 Twenty20 Champions League. With Pietersen ruled out of the competition in order to recover from surgery on his Achilles tendon, Kumble captained his hometown team in the competition. Unfortunately defeats to the Cape Cobras and the Victorian Bushrangers ruled them out of qualification for the semi-finals.

Awards and honours

Man of the Series awards

4 Awards in Test cricket

# Series Season Series Performance
1 England in India Test Series 1992/93 16 (3 Matches, 2 Innings); 181-53-416-21 (1x5 WI); 1 Catch
2 New Zealand in India Test Series 1999/00 39 Runs (3 Matches, 3 Innings); 197.4-76-364-20 (2x5 WI, 1x10 WM); 2 Catches
3 Zimbabwe in India Test Series 2001/02 47 Runs (2 Matches, 3 Innings); 134.2-48-291-16 (1x5 WI)
4 Sri Lanka in India Test Series 2005/06 67 Runs (3 Matches, 4 Innings); 138.3-28-374-20 (2x5 WI, 1x10 WM); 2 Catches

1 Award in ODI cricket

# Series (Opponents) Season Series Performance
1 Sahara Friendship Cup (Pakistan v/s India) 1996 26 (5 Matches & 3 Innings); 44-2-159-14

Man of the Match awards

10 Awards in Test cricket

MatchMatch
S No Opponent Venue Season Match Performance
1 Sri Lanka KD Singh Babu, Lucknow 1993/94 1st Innings: 4 (1x4); 37-10-69-4
2nd Innings: 27.3-9-59-7; 1 Catch
10+ Wicket Match
2 Pakistan Feroz Shah Kotla, New Delhi 1998/99 1st Innings: 0; 24.3-4-75-4; 5 Catch
2nd Innings: 15 (2x4); 26.3-9-74-10
5 Wickets in 2 Innings and 10+ Wickets in Match and 10 wickets in a innings
3 New Zealand Green Park, Kanpur 1999/00 1st Innings: 5 Runs; 32.5-12-67-4
2nd Innings 26.5-5-67-6
10 Wicket Match
4 England Mohali, Chandigarh 2001/02 1st Innings: 37 (6x4); 19-6-52-2; 1 Catch
2nd Innings: 28.4-6-81-6; 1 Catch
5 Zimbabwe VCA, Nagpur 2001/02 1st Innings: 13* (1x4); 33.5-12-82-4
2nd Innings: 37-15-63-5
6 Australia Chepauk, Chennai 2004/05 1st Innings: 20 (2x4); 17.3-4-48-7; 1 Catch
2nd Innings: 47-8-133-6
10+ Wickets Match
7 Sri Lanka Feroz Shah Kotla, New Delhi 2005/06 1st Innings: 8 (1x4); 28-6-72-6; 1 Catch
2nd Innings: 36-7-85-4; 1 Catch
10 Wicket Match
8 England Mohali, Chandigarh 2005/06 1st Innings: 32 (2x4); 29.4-8-76-5
2nd Innings: 29-7-70-4
9 England The Oval, England 2006/07 1st Innings: 110* (2x4); 29.1-7-94-3
2nd Innings: 8* 37-9-123-2
10 Pakistan Feroz Shah Kotla, New Delhi 2007/08 1st Innings: 24 (3x4); 21.2-6-38-4
2nd Innings: 27.1-8-68-3

6 Awards in ODI

S No Opponent Venue Season Match Performance
1 England Headingley, Leeds 1990 11-2-29-2
2 West Indies Eden Gardens, Kolkata 1993/94 5* (1x4); 6.1-2-12-6
3 New Zealand Basin Reserve, Wellington 1993/94 10-0-33-5
4 South Africa Wankhede, Mumbai 1996/97 8.2-0-25-4
5 Bangladesh Wankhede, Mumbai 1998 10-4-17-3
6 Kenya Gymkhana, Nairobi 2001/02 10-1-22-2

Test wicket milestones

Endorsements

  • Indigo Nation
  • Manipal Education[28]
  • ING Vysya[29]
  • Alliance Group[30]

External links

References

  1. ^ Cricinfo - Kumble to captain in Test series against Pakistan
  2. ^ Cricinfo - Dravid resigns as India captain
  3. ^ "A high five for Kumble's 500". Deepti Patavardhan. Rediff.com. http://in.rediff.com/cricket/2006/mar/11deep.htm. Retrieved 2007-08-09. 
  4. ^ "Kumble reaps reward for commitment". Ayanjit Sen. BBC. 2 December 2004. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/cricket/other_international/4061169.stm. Retrieved 2007-08-09. 
  5. ^ "Reliance Mobile ICC Test Championship Bowling Rankings". ICC. http://www.icc-cricketrankings.com/. Retrieved 2007-12-13. 
  6. ^ a b "10 wickets -- and phone overload". MD Ritti. Rediff.com. http://www.rediff.com/sports/1999/feb/15c.htm. Retrieved 2007-08-09. 
  7. ^ a b "Jumbo spinner". Abhijit Chatterjee. The Tribune. http://www.tribuneindia.com/2007/20070407/saturday/main1.htm. Retrieved 2007-08-09. 
  8. ^ Riti, M D. "Srinath, Kumble bowl over maidens". Rediff. http://www.rediff.com/sports/1999/jul/01wed.htm. Retrieved 2007-03-28. 
  9. ^ Victory treat: Kumble gets a son
  10. ^ http://content-www.cricinfo.com/india/content/image/288041.html.
  11. ^ "Persistent Anil Kumble's rich harvest". Scyld Berry. Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/main.jhtml?xml=/sport/2007/08/12/sckumb112.xml. Retrieved 2007-08-13. 
  12. ^ [Cricinfo records: Most wickets leg before wicket]http://stats.cricinfo.com/ci/content/records/283499.html
  13. ^ "India's highest wicket-taker calls time on ODIs". Daily News & Analysis. http://www.dnaindia.com/report.asp?NewsID=1087501. Retrieved 2007-03-28. 
  14. ^ [A new googly, and it’s Anil Kumble reinvented]http://www.indianexpress.com/res/web/pIe/full_story.php?content_id=89338
  15. ^ "Anil Kumble makes England suffer". Andy Hooper and agencies. The Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/main.jhtml?xml=/sport/2007/08/10/uctest110.xml. Retrieved 2007-08-10. 
  16. ^ "The master of nuances". Sambit Bal. Cricinfo Magazine, 17 January 2008. http://content-usa.cricinfo.com/magazine/content/story/331598.html. Retrieved 20 January 2008. 
  17. ^ "One of the game's greats finally being recognised". Peter Roebuck. The Sydney Morning Herald, 20 January 2008. http://www.smh.com.au/news/cricket/one-of-the-games-greats-finally-being-recognised/2008/01/19/1200620273098.html. Retrieved 20 January 2008. 
  18. ^ "Kumble nominated to WADA panel". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2008-12-19. http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2008/12/19/2451496.htm. Retrieved 2008-12-19. 
  19. ^ Cricinfo - Rajasthan humbled after inept batting
  20. ^ Cricinfo - We oldies can have our days too - Kumble
  21. ^ Cricinfo - Praveen and Bangalore upstage Yuvraj in thriller
  22. ^ Cricinfo - The 'turning' point
  23. ^ Cricinfo - Efficient Bangalore outplay Chennai
  24. ^ Cricinfo - Deccan snatch title in tense finish
  25. ^ Cricinfo - Records - Indian Premier League, 2009
  26. ^ "Arjuna awardees - Cricket". Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, India. http://yas.nic.in/yasroot/awards/arjuna.htm#Cricket. Retrieved 2007-03-28. 
  27. ^ "16 cricketers shortlisted". The Tribune, Chandigarh. http://www.tribuneindia.com/2002/20020516/sports.htm#4. Retrieved 2007-03-28. 
  28. ^ "Kumble to endorse brand Manipal". Deccan Herald, 21 November 2007. http://www.deccanherald.com/Content/Nov212007/sports2007112136979.asp?section=updatenews. Retrieved 2007-11-21. 
  29. ^ "Kumble spins magic for brand value". Economic Times, 27 November 2007. http://publication.samachar.com/pub_article.php?id=742702&navname=Business%20&moreurl=http://publication.samachar.com/economictimes/business/business.php&homeurl=http://business.samachar.com. Retrieved 2007-12-27. 
  30. ^ "Alliance Group ropes in Anil Kumble". The Hindu, 11 July 2008. http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/bline/2008/07/11/stories/2008071151950500.htm. Retrieved 2009-06-06. 

Preceded by
Rahul Dravid
Indian National Test Cricket Captain
2007
Succeeded by
MS Dhoni
Preceded by
Mohammad Azharuddin
Indian Awardees of Wisden Cricketer of the Year
1991
Succeeded by
Sachin Tendulkar

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