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Anna Amalia
Duchess of Saxe-Weimar and Eisenach
Regent of Saxe-Weimar and Eisenach
Tenure 1758-1775
Duchess consort of Saxe-Weimar and Eisenach
Tenure 1756-1758
Spouse Ernest Augustus II
Issue
Charles Augustus
Prince Frederick Ferdinand
House House of Brunswick-Bevern
House of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Father Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Mother Philippine Charlotte of Prussia
Born 24 October 1739(1739-10-24)
Wolfenbüttel
Died 10 April 1807 (aged 67)
Weimar

Anna Amalia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (b. Wolfenbüttel, 24 October 1739 - d. Weimar, 10 April 1807), was a German princess and by marriage the duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach; she was also regent of the states of Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Eisenach from 1758 to 1775 and an important influential cultural force in Weimar, Saxe-Weimar and the Holy Roman Empire.

Contents

Family

She was the ninth child of Karl I, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and Princess Philippine Charlotte of Prussia. Her maternal grandparents were Frederick William I of Prussia and Sophia Dorothea of Hanover.

Life

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Marriage

In Brunswick on 16 March 1756 she married Ernst August II Konstantin, Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach. Ernst August died in 1758 leaving her regent for their infant son, Karl August.

Regency

During Karl August's immaturity she administered the affairs of the duchy with notable prudence, strengthening its resources and improving its position in spite of the troubles of the Seven Years' War.

As a patron of art and literature she drew many of the most eminent men in Germany to Weimar including Johann Gottfried Herder, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, and Friedrich Schiller. Amalia von Helvig was also later to be a part of her court. She hired Christoph Martin Wieland, a poet and translator of William Shakespeare, to educate her son. She also established the Duchess Anna Amalia Library, which is now home to some 850,000 volumes.

Anna Amalia was also a notable composer; among her significant works is a Singspiel called Erwin und Elmire (1776), based on a text by Goethe.

In 1775, with her son having attained his maturity, she retired. The duchess was honoured in Goethe's work under the title Zum Andenken der Fürstin Anna-Amalia.

Ancestors

Anna Amalia's ancestors in three generations
Anna Amalia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Father:
Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Paternal Grandfather:
Ferdinand Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Duke Ferdinand Albert I of Brunswick
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Christine of Hesse-Eschwege
Paternal Grandmother:
Antoinette Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Louis Rudolph, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Christine Louise of Oettingen
Mother:
Princess Philippine Charlotte of Prussia
Maternal Grandfather:
Frederick William I of Prussia
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Frederick I of Prussia
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Sophia Charlotte of Hanover
Maternal Grandmother:
Sophia Dorothea of Hanover
Maternal Great-grandfather:
George I of Great Britain
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Sophia Dorothea of Celle

References

External links

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

Anna Amalia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Cadet branch of the House of Welf
Born: 24 October 1739 Died: 10 April 1807
German royalty
Vacant
Title last held by
Sophie Charlotte of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
Duchess consort of Saxe-Weimar
16 March 1756 – 28 May 1758
Vacant
Title next held by
Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt
Duchess consort of Saxe-Eisenach
16 March 1756 – 28 May 1758

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