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Anne Henriette of Bavaria: Wikis

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Anne Henriette
Princess of Condé
Princess of Arches
Anne Henriette by Gobert
Spouse Henri Jules de Bourbon
Issue
Marie Thérèse, Princess of Conti
Louis, Prince of Condé
Anne Marie, Mademoiselle de Condé
Anne Louise Bénédicte, Duchess of Maine
Marie Anne, Duchess of Vendôme
Full name
French: Anne Henriette Julie de Bavière
German: Anna Henrietta Julia von der Pfalz
Father Edward, Count Palatine of Simmern
Mother Anna Gonzaga
Born 13 March 1648(1648-03-13)
Paris, France
Died 23 February 1723 (aged 74)
Petit Luxembourg, Paris, France
Burial Carmel du faubourg Saint-Jacques, Paris, France

Anne Henriette of Bavaria (Anne Henriette Julie; 13 March 1648 – 23 February 1723) was a Bavarian Princess by birth and by her marriage in 1663, the Duchess of Enghien and then the Princess of Condé. She was also the Princess of Arches in her own right from 1708.

Contents

Biography

She was born in Paris the second of three daughters to Edward, Count Palatine of Simmern and his wife Anna Gonzaga. She was engaged to the Duke of Enghien. He was known as Monsieur le Duc at the court of Louis XIV of France. The young Duke was the heir of the infamous Grand Condé.

The marriage ceremony took place at the Palais du Louvre on 11 December 1663. She took on the title of Duchess of Enghien. She held that title till the death of her father-in-law in 1684. It was at her father-in-laws death that Anne Henriette took on the style of Madame la Princess.

Her husband, though he suffered from Clinical lycanthropy, was greatly supported by his caring wife, known in French as Anne Henriette, princesse Palatine. Anne Henriette and her husband had 10 children in all.

The young princess, very pious generous and charitable, was well praised by many at court due to her very supportive nature towards her husband. Despite that her husband, who was prone to great rages, would often beat his quiet wife.[1] Out of her many children, five survived infancy. Four of those went onto marry.

Her mother was instrumental at helping bring about a marriage between her niece by marriage, Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate and the brother of Louis XIV of France, Philippe de France, duc d'Orléans in 1671. Elizabeth Charlotte was Anne Henriette's first cousin, their fathers being brothers. A niece of Anne Henriette was Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick, ancestress of Louis XVI.

In 1708, when her cousin Charles IV, Duke of Mantua died, Anne Henriette became the Princess of Arches in her own right, her being his heiress. He was the last Duke of Mantua. The next year, her husband died in Paris on 1 April 1709 aged 65 making her son, Louis, the next Prince of Condé.

Louis died th next year and as such, his son Louis Henri, Duke of Bourbon was the next holder of the title. Anne Henriette was the princess who gave the name of Rue Palatine to a road in the 6th arrondissement of Paris where she had lived in the Petit Luxembourg, next to the Luxembourg Palace in Paris. Anne Henriette also owned the Château du Raincy which was sold to the House of Orléans in 1769. By then the Orléans family had Anne Henriettes blood in their veins.

Anne Henriette died in Paris at the age of 74 having outlived her husband and all but 2 of he children; the Princess of Conti and the Duchess of Maine.

On her death the principality of Arches became extinct; the title was claimed by her son, the Prince of Condé and her nephew, the son of her sister, Louise Marie of Bavaria. She was buried at the Carmel du faubourg Saint-Jacques in Paris.

Issue

Name Portrait Lifespan Notes
Marie Thérèse de Bourbon
Princess of Conti
Marie-Thérèse de Bourbon-Condé, Mademoiselle de Bourbon, princesse de Conti.jpg 1 February 1666 –
22 February 1732
Born in Paris and known as Mademoiselle de Bourbon in her youth, she married her cousin François Louis, Prince of Conti and had issue; she was the Titular Queen of Poland in 1697;
Henri de Bourbon
Duke of Bourbon
Blason pays fr Dombes.svg 5 November 1667 –
5 July 1670
Born in Paris, he was the Duke of Bourbon and Heir apparent of his father; he died in infancy in Paris;
Louis de Bourbon
Duke of Bourbon
Prince of Condé
Louis III de Bourbon-Conde.jpg 10 November 1668 –
4 March 1710
 ; Born in Paris, he became the Heir apparent of his father at his brothers death in 1670; he married Louise-Françoise de Bourbon, Légitimée de France and daughter of Louis XIV; the couple had issue;
Anne de Bourbon
Mademoiselle d’Enghien
Blason pays fr Dombes.svg 11 November 1670 –
27 May 1675
Born in Paris, she died in infancy being known as Mademoiselle d’Enghien since birth;
Henri de Bourbon
Count of Clermont
Blason pays fr Dombes.svg 3 July 1672 –
6 June 1675
Born at Saint-Germain-en-Laye and died in Paris;
Louis Henri de Bourbon
Count of La Marche
Blason pays fr Dombes.svg 9 November 1673 –
21 February 1677
Born in Paris, he died at the age of 3 in the same city;
Anne Marie Victoire de Bourbon
Mademoiselle d'Enghien
Mademoiselle de Condé
Anne Marie Victoire de Bourbon.jpeg 11 August 1675 –
23 October 1700
Born in Paris, she died at the age of 25 at the Château Asnières;
Anne Louise Bénédicte de Bourbon
Duchess of Maine
Duchesse du Maine.jpeg 8 November 1676 –
23 January 1753
Born in Paris, she was known as Mademoiselle d’Enghien then Mademoiselle de Charolais; she married another illegitimate child of Louis XIV, Louis Auguste de Bourbon, the Duke of Maine; the couple had issue;
Marie Anne de Bourbon
Duchess of Vendôme
Marie Anne de Bourbon, Duchess of Vendôme.jpg 24 February 1678 –
11 April 1718
Born in Paris, she was known as Mademoiselle de Montmorency then Mademoiselle d’Enghien; Married Louis Joseph de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme - great grandson of Henry IV of France; the couple had no issue and Marie Anne died at the Hôtel de Vendôme allegedly an alcoholic[citation needed];
N de Bourbon
Mademoiselle de Clermont
Blason pays fr Dombes.svg 17 July 1679 –
17 September 1680
Born and died in Paris;

Ancestry

Titles, styles, honours and arms

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Titles and styles

References

  1. ^ Love Affairs of the Condé family
  2. ^ http://www.heraldica.org/topics/france/frroyal.htm#sang Style of HRH and further information on Princes of the Blood

Titles


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