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Anne of Green Gables  
Montgomery Anne of Green Gables cover.jpg
Anne of Green Gables first edition cover.
Author Lucy Maud Montgomery
Translator Samantha Cheo
Illustrator M. A. and W. A. J. Claus
Country Canada
Language English
Series Anne of Green Gables, Anne of Avonlea, Anne of the Island, Anne of Windy Poplars, Anne's House of Dreams, Anne of Ingleside, Rainbow Valley, and Rilla of Ingleside
Genre(s) Novel
Publisher L. C. Page & Co.
Publication date June 1908
Media type Print (Hardcover)
Pages 429 pp (first edition)
ISBN N/A
Followed by Anne of Avonlea

Anne of Green Gables is a bestselling novel by Canadian author Lucy Maud Montgomery published in 1908. It was written as fiction for readers of all ages, but in recent decades has been considered a children's book. Montgomery found her inspiration for the book on an old piece of paper that she had written at a young age, describing a couple that were mistakenly sent an orphan girl instead of a boy, yet decided to keep her. Montgomery also drew upon her own childhood experiences in rural Prince Edward Island. Montgomery used a photograph of Evelyn Nesbit, which she had clipped from New York’s Metropolitan Magazine, and pasted the framed clipping on the wall of her bedroom, as the model for the face of Anne Shirley, the book's main character.[1]

Montgomery also found inspiration in the "formula Ann" orphan stories, the Anns without the e. Other characters, like Gilbert Blythe, were modeled, in part, on real-life characters. Montgomery wrote the novel in the twilight of the day, sitting at her window and overlooking the fields of Cavendish. [2]

Since publication, Anne of Green Gables has sold more than 50 million books.[3] In addition, this book is taught to students around the world.

Contents

Plot summary

Marilla and Matthew Cuthbert, brother and sister who live together at Green Gables, a farm in the village of Avonlea, on Prince Edward Island, decide to adopt a boy from an orphan asylum in Nova Scotia as a helper on their farm. Through a series of mishaps, the person who ends up under their roof is a precocious girl of eleven named Anne Shirley. Anne is bright and quick, eager to please and talkative, but dissatisfied with her name, her pale countenance dotted with freckles, and with her long braids of red hair. Although wishing she was named Cordelia, she insists that if you are to call her Anne, it must be spelt with an 'E', as it is "so much more distinguished." Being a child of imagination, however, Anne takes much joy in life, and adapts quickly, thriving in the environment of Prince Edward Island. She is something of a chatterbox, and drives the prim, duty-driven Marilla to distraction, although shy Matthew falls for her immediately.

The rest of the book recounts her continued education at school, where she excels in studies very quickly, her budding literary ambitions and her friendships with people such as Diana Berry (her best friend, "bosom friend" as Anne fondly calls her), Jane Andrews, Ruby Gillis, and her rivalry with Gilbert Blythe, who teases her about her red hair and for that acquires her hatred, although he apologizes many times. Anne and Gilbert compete in class and Anne one day realizes she no longer hates Gilbert, but will not admit it; at the end of the book, they both become very good friends.

The book also follows her misadventures in quiet, old-fashioned Avonlea. These adventures include her games with her friends (Diana, Jane and Ruby), her rivalries with the Pye sisters (Gertie and Josie) and her domestic mistakes such as dyeing her hair green. Anne, along with Gilbert, Ruby, Josie, Jane and several other students, eventually go to the Queen's Academy and obtains a teaching license in one year, in addition to winning the Avery Prize in English, which allows her to pursue a B.A. at Redmond College.

The book ends with Matthew's death, caused by a heart attack after learning of the loss of all his and Marilla's money. Anne shows her devotion to Marilla and Green Gables by giving up the Avery Prize, deciding to stay at home and help Marilla, whose eyesight is diminishing, and teaching at the Carmody school, the nearest school available. To show his friendship, Gilbert Blythe gives up his teaching position in the Avonlea School to work at White Sands School instead, thus enabling Anne to teach at the Avonlea School and stay at Green Gables all through the week. After this kind act, Anne and Gilbert become friends.

Characters

Anne Shirley - An imaginative, red-headed orphan who comes to live with Matthew and Marilla Cuthbert, siblings

Marilla Cuthbert - A crisp, practical, no-nonsense woman who doesn't approve of Anne's wild imagination although she does grow to love the orphan. Her sense of humor develops greatly upon Anne's arrival and Mrs. Lynde states that she became "mellow".

Matthew Cuthbert - Marilla's brother, a shy, awkward man who takes a liking to Anne from the start. The two become fast friends but he dies in the end.

Diana Barry - A bosom friend of Anne, Anne's kindred spirit. Anne and Diana become best friends from the moment they meet. She is the only little girl who lives close to Green Gables. While Anne does not think Diana is very imaginative, Diana is noted for being pretty, merry and very amiable.

Gilbert Blythe - Anne's enemy from the beginning for pulling her hair and calling her "Carrots". Even though Gilbert apologizes shortly after the incident, Anne remains scornful toward him for a few years but Gilbert never abandons his quest for her friendship as he is in love with her. Anne forgives Gilbert by the end of the book and the two become friends - and eventually marry (an event which takes place a few books later in the Anne series).

Rachel Lynde - A neighbor of Matthew and Marilla and the nosiest person in town. Although she did not take a liking to Anne in the beginning, she soon warms to the freckled faced orphan. She is incredibly industrious, helpful and loves doing work for the church, her husband follows her orders.

Miss Stacy - Anne's new teacher. Miss Stacy is truly a mentor to Anne. Miss Stacy worked hard to be accepted by Avonlea, as her teaching methods were new, and she was a "woman teacher."

Josie Pye - Anne's sometimes friend, sometimes rival, and classmate. She is vain and generally disliked by the girls of Avonlea like all the other Pyes. Her younger sister is Gertie Pye.

Jane Andrews - One of Anne's friends whom she is very fond of, although Diana remains her closest friend. Jane is described as rather staid, plain and with very little imagination.

Ruby Gillis - Another one of Anne's friends. Ruby is flirtatious and always discusses beaux. She is portrayed as pretty with long, golden hair and an imagination like Anne's. Ruby loves getting the attention of the boys but will eventually die after finding her one true love.

Reverend and Mrs. Allen - The minister and his wife, two friends for Anne. Mrs. Allen becomes Anne's hero.

Mr. Philips - Anne's first teacher at Avonlea, whom she despised (he spelled Anne's name without an 'E', among other things).

Sequels

Montgomery continued the story of Anne Shirley in a series of sequels, and they are listed in the order of Anne's age in each of the novels.

Lucy Maud Montgomery's books on Anne Shirley
# Book Date published Anne Shirley's age
1 Anne of Green Gables 1908 11—16
2 Anne of Avonlea 1909 16—18
3 Anne of the Island 1915 18—22
4 Anne of Windy Poplars (US&Canada)
Anne of Windy Willows (Other)
1936 22—25
5 Anne's House of Dreams 1917 25—27
6 Anne of Ingleside 1939 34—40
7 Rainbow Valley 1919 41
8 Rilla of Ingleside 1921 49—53
9 The Blythes Are Quoted 2009 (Completed shortly before Montgomery's death in 1942)
 
Related books in which Anne Shirley plays a lesser part
# Book Date published Anne Shirley's age
Chronicles of Avonlea 1912
Further Chronicles of Avonlea 1920

Prequel

The prequel of Anne of Green Gables was written by Budge Wilson, with authorization of heirs of L. M. Montgomery.

Budge Wilson's books on Anne Shirley
# Book Date published Anne Shirley's age
Before Green Gables 2008 0—11

Scholarship

The history of Anne of Green Gables was written by Irene Gammel, with authorization of heirs of L. M. Montgomery.

Irene Gammel's books on Anne Shirley
# Book Date published Anne Shirley's age
Looking for Anne of Green Gables: The Story of L.M. Montgomery and her Literary Classic 2008 0—40

Tourism

The Green Gables farmhouse located in Cavendish
Sign marking trail through Balsam Hollow

The Green Gables farmhouse from which Montgomery drew her inspiration is located in Cavendish, Prince Edward Island. Many tourist attractions on Prince Edward Island have been developed based on Anne, and provincial license plates once bore her image.

Balsam Hollow and the forest that inspired the Haunted Woods described in the book are also located in the vicinity.[4] Each summer, the musicals Anne of Green Gables and Anne & Gilbert are performed at theatres in Prince Edward Island.

The popularity of Anne has extended into many countries and Anne of Green Gables has been translated into 36 languages.[5][6] Tourism by Anne fans is an important part of the Island economy.[7] The novel is very popular in Japan,[8][9] where it has been on the school curriculum since 1952 and Anne is revered as "an icon."[10] Many Japanese couples have wedding ceremonies on the grounds of the Green Gables farm and some girls arrive with red-dyed hair and pigtails, to look like Anne.[11]

Bala's Museum With Memories Of Lucy Maud Montgomery located in Bala, Ontario, Canada, is dedicated to Montgomery information and heritage, located in the former home of Fanny Pike where Montgomery and her family stayed for a vacation in 1922. She based her novel The Blue Castle on the region, changing the town's name to Deerwood, the only book she wrote not to be set in Atlantic Canada.

In 2008 Canada Post issued a two postage stamps and a souvenir sheet honoring Anne and the "Green Gables" house.

Panorama of Green Gable farmhouse

Adaptations

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Film

Television movies

Television series

Anne as she appeared in the 1979 Japanese anime adaptation of Anne of Green Gables.
Anne of Green Gables: The Animated Series

Stage

Opening the summer of 2008, Adam-Michael James' The Nine Lives of L.M. Montgomery was set in Georgetown, PEI staged at the Kings Playhouse. This musical is based upon Lucy Maud Montgomery, the author of the popular Anne of Green Gables. It depicts true events that happened in L.M. Montgomery's life and ties them in with her fictional world of Anne and Gilbert. Emmy-nominated composer Leo Marchildon composed this work with precision. The production was nominated for the PEI museum and Heritage Foundation's Wendell Boyle's award. It is set to take its second run on the 11th of July 2009 at the Carrefour Isle-de-Saint-Jean theater in Charlottetown, PEI this summer.[13]

The Confederation Centre of the Arts' annual "Charlottetown Festival" headlines Canada's longest-running main stage musical production Anne of Green Gables - The Musical. This show has run every summer since the Centre opened in 1964 has played to over 2 million viewers. Anne of Green Gables - The Musical was composed by Canadian theatrical legends Don Harron and Norman Campbell, with lyrics by Elaine Campbell and Mavor Moore. The production has played to Queen Elizabeth II and has also toured across Canada, the United States, and Europe. Festival Artistic Director Walter Learning directed and organized a successful national tour of Japan in 1991. The musical also had a run in London's West End in 1969.

The Harbourfront Jubilee Theatre in Summerside, Prince Edward Island, hosts Anne and Gilbert, The Musical. Written by Nancy White, Bob Johnston and Jeff Hochhauser, the production is based on Montgomery's sequel novels to Anne of Green Gables.

Theatreworks USA, a New York based children's theatre company, is currently casting their Anne of Green Gables musical, which premiered at the Lortel Theatre in 2006. The production will tour grade-schools, and features musical contributions from Gretchen Cryer.

The Peterborough Players, based in Peterborough, New Hampshire, staged an adaptation of Anne of Green Gables in August 2009 adapted by Joseph Robinette.[14]

Parodies

As one of the most famous characters in Canadian literature, Anne of Green Gables has been parodied by several Canadian comedy troupes, including CODCO (Anne of Green Gut) and The Frantics (Fran of the Fundy). Megan Follows also appeared on Made in Canada as Mandy Forward, the star of Pyramid Prodigy Productions' Adele of Beaver Creek series who discovered that the company was secretly producing an Adele of Beaver Creek porn knockoff.

In response to massive funding cuts to the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation during the later tenure of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, the Vancouver-based political satire duo Double Exposure noted the effects of the budget cuts on CBC Television productions were so severe that several prominent fictional Canadian characters were being sent out to raise funds independently. There followed the sound of a doorbell, and the words: "([ding-dong]) Anne of Avon calling!"

References

  1. ^ YouTube.com, Irene Gammel, looking for Anne of Green Gables: The Story of L.M. Montgomery and her Literary Classic (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2009).
  2. ^ Irene Gammel, "The Mystery of Anne Revealed," Looking for Anne of Green Gables.
  3. ^ Reuters.com on Anne of Green Gables: ""Anne of Green Gables" has sold more than 50 million copies and been translated into 20 languages, according to Penguin." (19 March 2008)
  4. ^ Green Gables Government of Prince Edward Island. Retrieved on July 24, 2006
  5. ^ Anne of Green Gables - Celebrate 100 Years
    "Anne of Green Gables has sold millions of copies in more than 36 languages"
  6. ^ USA Today (August 5, 2008) "'Anne of Green Gables' still rules Prince Edward Island. usatoday.com.
  7. ^ CBC News (June 19, 2008). CBC.ca, 100 years of Anne of Green Gables.
  8. ^ Anne in Japan FAQ 1.0
  9. ^ Buttercups L.M. Montgomery & Anne of Green Gables fan club in Japan
  10. ^ Morris, C. (May 11, 2008). "P.E.I. honours Anne's 100th". Canadian Press. canoe.ca
  11. ^ Bruni, Frank (November 18, 2007). Beckoned by Bivalves. The New York Times.
  12. ^ IMDb.com
  13. ^ For more information visit: [www.ninelivesoflmm.com NineLivesofLMM.com]
  14. ^ PeterBoroughPlayers.org

External links


Source material

Up to date as of January 22, 2010

From Wikisource

Anne of Green Gables
by Lucy Maud Montgomery
Information about this edition
Anne of Green Gables is a book by Canadian author Lucy Maud Montgomery and published in 1908. It was written as fiction for readers of all ages, but in recent decades has been considered a children's book. Montgomery found her inspiration for the book in a newspaper article describing a couple that was mistakenly sent an orphan girl instead of a boy, yet decided to keep her. Montgomery also drew upon her own childhood experiences in rural Prince Edward Island. Montgomery used a photograph of Evelyn Nesbit, clipped from an American magazine and pasted on the wall above her writing desk, as the model for Anne Shirley, the book's protagonist. — Excerpted from Anne of Green Gables on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.


Speaker Icon.svg one or more chapters are available in a spoken word format.

Table of Contents

PD-icon.svg This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published before January 1, 1923.

The author died in 1942, so this work is also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 60 years or less. This work may also be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.


Simple English

Anne of Green Gables  
Author Lucy Maud Montgomery
Original title Lucy Maud Montgomery
Illustrator M. A. and W. A. J. Claus
Country Canada
Language English
Series Anne of Green Gables
Genre(s) Children's novel
Publisher L. C. Page & Co.
Make date June 1908
Media type Print (Hardcover)
Pages 429 pp (first edition)
Prequel to Anne of Avonlea

Anne of Green Gables is a book by Canadian author Lucy Maud Montgomery. It was published in 1908. It was written as fiction for readers of all ages, for a few decades has been classified as a children's book. Montgomery wrote the book after seeing a newspaper article about a couple that were mistakenly sent an orphan girl instead of a boy, yet decided to keep her.

The book takes place on Prince Edward Island, Canada, where the author grew up.

Sequels

Montgomery continued the story of Anne Shirley in a series of sequels. They are listed in the order of Anne's age in each of the novels.

Lucy Maud Montgomery's books on Anne Shirley
#BookDate publishedAnne Shirley's age
1Anne of Green Gables 190811—16
2Anne of Avonlea 190916—18
3Anne of the Island 191518—22
4Anne of Windy Poplars (US&Canada)
Anne of Windy Willows (Other)
193622—25
5Anne's House of Dreams191725—27
6Anne of Ingleside193934—40
7Rainbow Valley191941
8Rilla of Ingleside192149—53
 
Related books in which Anne Shirley plays a lesser part
#BookDate publishedAnne Shirley's age
Chronicles of Avonlea1912
Further Chronicles of Avonlea1920

Other websites

Wikisource has original text related to this article:


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