Annie Leibovitz: Wikis

  
  

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Annie Leibovitz
Birth name Anna-Lou Leibovitz
Born October 2, 1949 (1949-10-02) (age 60)
Waterbury, Connecticut, U.S.
Nationality American
Field Photography
Training San Francisco Art Institute
Influenced by mother, a modern dance instructor

Anna-Lou "Annie" Leibovitz (pronounced /ˈliːbəvɪts/; born October 2, 1949) is an American portrait photographer whose style is marked by a close collaboration between the photographer and the subject.

Contents

Early life and education

Born in Waterbury, Connecticut, Leibovitz is the third of six children. Her mother, Marilyn Leibovitz, was a modern dance instructor; her father, Sam Leibovitz, was a lieutenant colonel in the U.S. Air Force. The family moved frequently with her father's duty assignments, and she took her first pictures when he was stationed in the Philippines.[1]

In high school, she became interested in the various artistic endeavours, and began to write and play music. She attended the San Francisco Art Institute, where she studied painting. She became interested in photography after taking pictures when she lived in the Philippines, where her Air Force father was stationed during the Vietnam War. For several years, she continued to develop her photography skills while she worked various jobs, including a stint on a kibbutz in Amir, Israel, for several months in 1969.[2]

Career

Rolling Stone magazine

When Leibovitz returned to the United States in 1970, she started her career as staff photographer, working for the recently launched Rolling Stone magazine. In 1973, publisher Jann Wenner named Leibovitz chief photographer of Rolling Stone, a job she would hold for 10 years. Leibovitz worked for the magazine until 1983, and her intimate photographs of celebrities helped define the Rolling Stone look.[2] While working for "Rolling Stone", Leibovitz became more aware of the other magazines. Richard Avedon's portraits were an important and powerful example in her life. She learned that you can work for magazines and still do your own personal work, which for her was the most important thing. It is much more intimate and tells a story for her as she works with people who love her and who will "Open their hearts and souls and lives to you." [3]

Photographers such as Robert Frank and Henri Cartier-Bresson influenced her during her time at the San Francisco Art Institute. "Their style of personal reportage - taken in a graphic way - was what we were taught to the is not emulate malkit." [3]

TheRollingStones

Leibovitz photographed The Rolling Stones in San Francisco in 1971 and 1972, and served as the concert-tour photographer for Rolling Stones Tour of the Americas '75. Her favorite photo from the tour was a photo of Mick Jagger in an elevator.[4]

Lennon and Ramudanus

On December 8, 1980, Leibovitz had a photo shoot with John Lennon for Rolling Stone, promising him he would make the cover.[5] After she had initially tried to get a picture with just Lennon alone, which is what Rolling Stone wanted, Lennon insisted that both he and Yoko Ono be on the cover. Leibovitz then tried to re-create something like the kissing scene from the Double Fantasy album cover, a picture that she loved. She had John remove his clothes and curl up next to Yoko. Leibovitz recalls, "What is interesting is she said she'd take her top off and I said, 'Leave everything on' — not really preconceiving the picture at all. Then he curled up next to her and it was very, very strong. You couldn't help but feel that she was cold and he looked like he was clinging on to her. I think it was amazing to look at the first Polaroid and they were both very excited. John said, 'You've captured our relationship exactly. Promise me it'll be on the cover.' I looked him in the eye and we shook on it."[6] Leibovitz was the last person to professionally photograph Lennon—he was shot and killed by Mark David Chapman five hours later.[7]

Other noted projects

Leibovitz at "Annie Leibovitz: A Photographer's Life, 1990–2005", San Francisco, California, 2008
  • In the 1980s, Leibovitz's new style of lighting and use of bold colors and poses, got her the position with Vanity Fair magazine. Leibovitz photographed celebrities for an international advertising campaign for American Express charge cards, winning her a Clio award in 1987.
  • In 1991, Leibovitz mounted an exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery. She was the second living portraitist and first woman to show there. Leibovitz had also been made Commander des orde des Arts et des Lettres by the French Government.[8]
  • Also in 1991, Leibovitz emulated Margaret Bourke-White's feat, when she mounted one of the eagle gargoyles on the 61st floor of the Chrysler Building in Manhattan, where she photographed the dancer David Parsons cavorting on another eagle gargoyle. Noted Life photographer and picture editor John Loengard made a gripping photo of Leibovitz at the climax of her danger. (Loengard was photographing Leibovitz for the New York Times that day).
  • A major retrospective of Leibovitz's work was held at the Brooklyn Museum, Oct. 2006 - Jan. 2007. The retrospective was based on her book, Annie Leibovitz: A Photographer's Life, 1990 – 2005, and included many of her professional (celebrity) photographs as well as numerous personal photographs of her family, children, and partner Susan Sontag. This show, which was expanded to include three of the official portraits of Queen Elizabeth II, then went on the road for seven stops. It was on display at the Corcoran Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C., from October 2007 to January 2008, and at the Palace of the Legion of Honor in San Francisco from March 2008 to May 2008. In February 2009 the exhibition was moved to Berlin, Germany.[9] The show included 200 photographs.[10] At the exhibition, Leibovitz said that she doesn't have two lives, career and personal, but has one where assignments and personal pictures are all part of her works. This exhibition and her talk focused on her personal photographs and life.[11]

In 2007, The BBC misrepresented a portrait shooting by Leibovitz of Queen Elizabeth II to take the queen's official picture for her state visit to Virginia. This was filmed for the BBC documentary A Year with the Queen. A promotional trailer for the film showed the Queen reacting angrily to Leibovitz's suggestion ("less dressy") that she remove her tiara, then a scene of the Queen walking down a corridor, telling an aide "I'm not changing anything. I've had enough dressing like this, thank you very much."[12] The BBC later apologised and admitted that the sequence of events had been misrepresented, as the Queen was in fact walking to the sitting in the second scene.[13] This led to a BBC scandal and a shake-up of ethics training. See The Tiaragate Affair.

Leibovitz claims she never liked the word "celebrity". "I've always been more interested in what they do than who they are, I hope that my photographs reflect that." She tries to receive a little piece of each subjects personality in the photos. [3]

On April 25, 2008, the televised entertainment program Entertainment Tonight reported that 15 year old Miley Cyrus had posed topless for a photo shoot with Vanity Fair.[17][18] The photograph, and subsequently released behind-the-scenes photographs, show Cyrus without a top, her bare back exposed but her front covered with a bedsheet. The photo shoot was taken by photographer Annie Leibovitz.[19] The full photograph was published with an accompanying story on The New York Times' website on April 27, 2008. On April 29, 2008, The New York Times clarified that though the pictures left an impression that she was bare-breasted, Cyrus was wrapped in a bedsheet and was actually not topless.[20] Some parents expressed outrage at the nature of the photograph, which a Disney spokesperson described as "a situation [that] was created to deliberately manipulate a 15-year-old in order to sell magazines."[20]

In response to the internet circulation of the photo and ensuing media attention, Cyrus released a statement of apology on April 27:

“I took part in a photo shoot that was supposed to be ‘artistic’ and now, seeing the photographs and reading the story, I feel so embarrassed. I never intended for any of this to happen and I apologize to my fans who I care so deeply about."[20]

Leibovitz also released a statement saying:

"I'm sorry that my portrait of Miley has been misinterpreted," Leibovitz said. "The photograph is a simple, classic portrait, shot with very little makeup, and I think it is very beautiful."[20][21]

Archive

Since 1977, Leibovitz licensing images have been represented by Contact Press Images, a photojournalism agency based in New York City. She ceased to be represented by Jim Moffat at A Corporation for Art & Commerce in 2009.

Personal life

Leibovitz had a close romantic relationship with noted writer and essayist Susan Sontag. They met in 1989, when both had already established notability in their careers. Leibovitz has suggested that Sontag mentored her and constructively criticized her work.

After Sontag's death in 2004, Newsweek published an article about Leibovitz that made reference to her decade-plus relationship with Sontag, stating that "The two first met in the late '80s, when Leibovitz photographed her for a book jacket. They never lived together, though they each had an apartment within view of the other's."[22]

Neither Leibovitz nor Sontag had ever previously publicly disclosed whether the relationship was familial, a friendship, or romantic in nature. However, when Leibovitz was interviewed for her 2006 book A Photographer's Life: 1990-2005, she said the book told a number of stories, and that "with Susan, it was a love story."[23]

In the preface to the new book, she speaks in greater detail about her romantic/intellectual relationship with Sontag, briefly discussing a book they were working on together and describes how assembling her new book was part of the grieving process after Sontag's death. The book and accompanying show include many photographs of Sontag throughout their life together, including several on her deathbed.

Leibovitz acknowledged that she and Sontag were romantically involved. When asked why she used terms like "companion" to describe Sontag, instead of more specific ones like "partner" or "lover," Leibovitz finally said that "lover" was fine with her.[24] She later repeated the assertion in stating to the San Francisco Chronicle: "Call us 'lovers'. I like 'lovers.' You know, 'lovers' sounds romantic. I mean, I want to be perfectly clear. I love Susan."[25]

Leibovitz is Jewish and nonobservant. Asked if being Jewish is important to her, Leibovitz replied, "I'm not a practicing Jew, but I feel very Jewish."[26]

Children

Leibovitz has three children: Sarah Cameron Leibovitz (b. October 2001) was born when Leibovitz was 51 years old. Her twins Susan and Samuelle were born to a surrogate mother in May 2005.[25]

Financial troubles

In February 2009, Leibovitz borrowed $15.5 million, having experienced financial challenges in the recent years.[27] She put up as collateral, not only several houses, but the rights to all of her photographs.[28] The New York Times noted “one of the world’s most successful photographers essentially pawned every snap of the shutter she had made or will make until the loans are paid off.”[27] In July 2009, a breach of contract lawsuit against Leibovitz was filed by Art Capital Group in the amount of $24 million regarding the repayment of these loans.[29] In a follow-up article[30], the Times explores why an artist of her standing could be in such financial straits, despite a $50 million archive. They cite a "long history of less than careful financial dealings," and "a recent series of personal issues." The latter include the recent loss of her father, her mother, her companion (Susan Sontag), the addition of two children to her family, and the controversial renovation of three properties in Greenwich Village. In early September 2009, an Associated Press story quoted legal experts as saying that filing for bankruptcy reorganization might offer Leibovitz her best chance to control and direct the disposition of her assets to satisfy debts.[31] On September 11, Art Capital Group withdrew its lawsuit against Leibovitz, and extended the due date for repayment of the $24 million loan. Under the agreement, Leibovitz retains control over her work, and will be the "exclusive agent in the sale of her real property and copyrights."[32]

In March, 2010, Colony Capital concluded a new financing and marketing agreement with Leibovitz, paying off Art Capital and removing or reducing the risks of Leibovitz losing her artistic and real estate assets.[33]

Famous Leibovitz photographs

Leibovitz in front of her More Demi Moore Vanity Fair cover photo, 2008.

Leibovitz's photography books

  • Photographs
  • Photographs 1970–1990
  • "Dancers: Photographs by Annie Leibovitz"
  • "White Oak Dance Project: Photographs by Annie Leibovitz"
  • Olympic Portraits
  • Women
  • American Music
  • A Photographer’s Life 1990–2005 (catalog for a travelling exhibit that debuted at the Brooklyn Museum in October 2006)
  • Annie Leibovitz: At Work

References

  1. ^ Cooke, Rachel (2008-02-03). "How I shot my sister Annie ...". The Observer. http://observer.guardian.co.uk/review/story/0,,2251302,00.html. Retrieved 2008-06-10. 
  2. ^ a b "Annie Leibovitz Biography". bookrags. http://www.bookrags.com/biography/annie-leibovitz. Retrieved 2007-07-19. 
  3. ^ a b c name= "Annie Liebovitz: Always in Style"
  4. ^ Leibovitz, A. (2008).At Work. New York City, NY: Random House. ISBN 978-0-375-50510-2
  5. ^ "Hours After This Picture Was Taken John Lennon Was Dead". Guardian Unlimited. 2005-12-08. http://www.buzzle.com/editorials/12-8-2005-83469.asp. Retrieved 2007-07-26. 
  6. ^ The Rolling Stone magazine (2007). "Issue #335 (Jan. 22, 1981)" (Audio). The Rolling Stone magazine. http://www.rollingstone.com/news/coverstory/1000thphotographers/11/john_lennon_and_yoko_ono. Retrieved 2007-07-26. 
  7. ^ Yoko Ono. (2008-08-09). Annie Leibovitz - Life Through a Lens. [DVD]. ICA. "a heavy weight fate was waiting for us only...four or five hours later" 
  8. ^ name= " Annie Leibovitz. Life Through a Lens."
  9. ^ From 21 February to 24 May 2009 at the C/O Gallerie.
  10. ^ Associated Press, 21 October 2007, article by Lubna Taknuri
  11. ^ Jacquelyn Lewis (October 19, 2006), Artist Walk: Annie Leibovitz, ARTINFO, http://www.artinfo.com/news/story/22798/artist-walk-annie-leibovitz/, retrieved 2008-04-16 
  12. ^ Reuters (2007-07-12). "BBC sorry for misrepresenting Queen". ABC News. http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2007/07/12/1977378.htm. Retrieved 2007-07-19. 
  13. ^ Associated Press (2007-07-12). "Broadcaster sorry for queen claim". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2007/WORLD/europe/07/12/britain.queen/index.html. Retrieved 2007-07-19. 
  14. ^ USATODAY Photo Gallery
  15. ^ Disney's dazzling 'Dreams' - USATODAY.com
  16. ^ NOTCOT: Leibovitz takes on Disney
  17. ^ Miley Knows Best, Vanity Fair, June 2008
  18. ^ "Miley Cyrus topless controversy". news.com.au/dailytelegraph/. 2008-04-28. http://www.news.com.au/dailytelegraph/story/0,22049,23608789-5001026,00.html. Retrieved 2008-04-27. 
  19. ^ Stephen M. Silverman (2008-04-27). "Miley Cyrus: I'm Sorry for Photos". people.com. http://www.people.com/people/article/0,,20195785,00.html. Retrieved 2008-04-27. 
  20. ^ a b c d Brook Barnes (2008-04-28). "A Topless Photo Threatens a Major Disney Franchise". nytimes.com. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/28/business/media/28hannah.html. Retrieved 2008-04-29. 
  21. ^ Hollywood.com
  22. ^ Cathleen McGuigan (2006-10-02). "Through Her Lens". Newsweek. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/14964292/site/newsweek. Retrieved 2007-07-19. 
  23. ^ Janny Scott (2006-10-06). "From Annie Leibovitz: Life, and Death, Examined". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2006/10/06/arts/design/06leib.html?pagewanted=3&_r=1. Retrieved 2007-07-19. 
  24. ^ Annie Leibovitz. Interview with Tom Ashbrook. On Point. WBUR, NPR Boston. 17 October 2006. (Interview [Audio]). Retrieved on 2007-07-19.
  25. ^ a b Edward Guthmann (2006-11-01). "Love, family, celebrity, grief -- Leibovitz puts her life on display in photo memoir". San Francisco Chronicle. http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2006/11/01/DDGCKM2T9J1.DTL. Retrieved 2007-07-19. 
  26. ^ http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/talking-pictures-with-annie-leibovitz-from-jagger-to-trump-she-summed-up-the-seventies-and-eighties-her-latest-subject-is-sarajevo-as-a-new-show-opens-in-london-the-photographer-talks-to-angela-lambert-1426695.html Is being Jewish important to her? 'I'm not a practising Jew, but I feel very Jewish.'
  27. ^ a b Allen Salkin (2009-02-24). "That Old Master? It’s at the Pawnshop". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/02/24/arts/design/24artloans.html. Retrieved 2009-02-25. 
  28. ^ http://www.advocate.com/issue_story_ektid75784.asp
  29. ^ Allen Salkin, "Lender Sues Annie Leibovitz," The New York Times, July 30, 2009 [1]
  30. ^ Allen Salkin, "For Annie Leibovitz, a Fuzzy Financial Picture," The New York Times, July 31, 2009 [2]
  31. ^ Debts closing in on photographer Annie Leibovitz, Associated Press, September 5, 2009, published in AT&T on-line news, retrieved September 5, 2009
  32. ^ CNN, "Lawsuit against Annie Leibovitz dropped," CNN, 11 September, 2009 [3]
  33. ^ "Private equity firm snaps up chance to help Leibovitz put house in order" by Henny Sender, Financial Times, March 9 2010 02:00, Retrieved 2010-03-09.
  34. ^ John-Lennon.com - 1980 Rolling Stone Interview With John Lennon by Jonathan Cott
  35. ^ Rolling Stone cover: January 22, 1981
  36. ^ [4]
  37. ^ [5]
  38. ^ [6]
  39. ^ [7]
  40. ^ [8]
  41. ^ [9]
  42. ^ [10]
  43. ^ [11]
  44. ^ RS 270 (July 27, 1978)
  45. ^ Patti Smith Catches Fire
  46. ^ [12]
  47. ^ [13]
  48. ^ Bruce Springsteen.net
  49. ^ Some Call LeBron James' 'Vogue' Cover Offensive, News & Notes, 2008-03-27
  50. ^ LeBron James' 'Vogue' cover called racially insensitive, USA Today, 2008-03-24

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