The Full Wiki

Annona reticulata: Wikis

Advertisements
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Annona reticulata
Custard Apple or Wild Sweetsop
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Magnoliids
Order: Magnoliales
Family: Annonaceae
Genus: Annona
Species: A. reticulata
Binomial name
Annona reticulata
L.
Native range of A. reticulata
Synonyms

Annona humboldtiana Kunth
Annona humboldtii Dunal[1]
Annona excelsa Kunth
Annona laevis Kunth
Annona longifolia Sessé & Moc.
Annona riparia Kunth
Rollinia mucosa (Jacq.) Baill.[2]
Rollinia deliciosa Saff.
Annona mucosa Jacq.
Rollinia orthopetala A. DC.
Rollinia pulchrinervia A. DC.
Rollinia sieberi A. DC. [3]

Annona reticulata is a small deciduous or semi-evergreen tree in the plant family Annonaceae[4]. It is best known for its fruit, called Custard-apple, a name it shares with fruits of other species from the same genus: Annona cherimola[5] and Annona squamosa[6] or sometimes it is called wild-sweetsop.

Contents

Common names

  • English: bullock's-heart, custard-apple, ox-heart, wild sweetsop
  • French: annone réticulée, coeur de boeuf, cachiman, cachimantier, corossolier sauvage, cachiman créme
  • German: Netzannone, Ochsenherz, Schleimapfel
  • Portuguese: biribá, fruta-de-condessa, fruta-do-conde, biribarana
  • Spanish: anona corazón, corazón de buey, mamán, cachimán, candón, cherimoya[1][7][3]
  • Japanese: ギュウシンリ
  • Indonesian: Srikaya, Buah Nona
  • Malay: Buah nona, Lonang, Nona kapri
  • Russian: Аннона сетчатая
  • Thai: น้อยโหน่ง
  • Vietnamese: Bình Bát
  • Tamil: சீதா பழம்
  • Telugu: సీతాఫలం(seetha phalam)
  • Tagalog: Anonas[8]
  • Chinese: 牛心番荔枝[9]

Description

It is a small deciduous or semi-evergreen tree reaching 8 metres (26 ft) to 10 metres (33 ft) tall with an open, irregular crown.[10]

Stems and leaves
The slender leaves are not hairy, straight and pointed at the apex (in some varieties wrinkled), 10 centimetres (3.9 in) to 20 centimetres (7.9 in) long and 2 centimetres (0.79 in) to 7 centimetres (2.8 in) wide.[10]
Flowers
The yellow-green flowers are generally in clusters of three or four 2 centimetres (0.79 in) to 3 centimetres (1.2 in) diameter, with three long outer petals and three very small inner ones. [10]
Fruits and reproduction
The fruit is variable in shape: heart-shaped or spherical. The size ranges from 7 centimetres (2.8 in) to 1 centimetre (0.39 in), depending on the cultivar. When ripe, the fruit is brown or yellowish, with red highlights and a varying degree of reticulation, depending again on the variety. The flesh varies from juicy and very aromatic to hard with a repulsive taste.[10]

Distribution and habitat

Possibly a native of the Caribbean[7] and Central America[1], Annona reticulata is now pantropical[7] and can be found growing between altitudes of 0 metres (0 ft) to 1,500 metres (4,900 ft) in areas of Central America that have alternating seasons.[10]

Cultivated and naturalized[7] in many parts of the world including Southeast Asia, Taiwan, India, Australia, and West Africa.

Native
Nearctic:
Central Mexico: Veracruz
Neotropic:
Central America: Belize, Chiapas, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
Caribbean: Dominican Republic, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Martinique, Puerto Rico, Trinidad
Northern South America: Guyana, Venezuela
Brazil: Acre, Amazonas, Bahia, Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, Para, Rio Grande do Sul, Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo
Western South America: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, Paraguay[11][3]

Uses

Annona reticulata is best known for its fruit, the custard-apple. The flavor is sweet and pleasant, but less popular than that of Annona cherimola

For other uses, see Custard-apple.


References

  1. ^ a b c Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) (1997-07-11). "Taxon: Annona reticulata L." (HTML). Taxonomy for Plants. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program, National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?3498. Retrieved 2008-04-16.  
  2. ^ Missouri Botanical Garden (1753). "Annona reticulata L." (HTML). Tropicos. http://www.tropicos.org/NameSynonyms.aspx?nameid=1600671. Retrieved 2008-04-16.  
  3. ^ a b c Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) (2000-12-15). "Taxon: Rollinia mucosa (Jacq.) Baill." (HTML). Taxonomy for Plants. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program, National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?32035. Retrieved 2008-04-16.  
  4. ^ Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS). "PLANTS Profile, Annona reticulata L." (HTML). The PLANTS Database. United States Department of Agriculture. http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ANRE. Retrieved 2008-04-16.  
  5. ^ Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) (1997-07-11). "Taxon: Annona cherimola Mill." (HTML). Taxonomy for Plants. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program, National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?3479. Retrieved 2008-04-17.  
  6. ^ Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) (1997-07-11). "Taxon: Annona squamosa L." (HTML). Taxonomy for Plants. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program, National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?3503. Retrieved 2008-04-17.  
  7. ^ a b c d Aluka. "Entry for Annona reticulata Linn. [family ANNONACEAE"] (HTML). African Plants. Ithaka Harbors, Inc. http://www.aluka.org/action/showMetadata?doi=10.5555/AL.AP.UPWTA.1_232&pgs=&cookieSet=1. Retrieved 2008-04-16.  
  8. ^ Porcher, Michel H. et al.. "Annona reticulata L." (HTML). Sorting Annona Names. Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database - A Work in Progress. Institute of Land & Food Resources, University of Melbourne. http://www.plantnames.unimelb.edu.au/Sorting/Annona.html#reticulata. Retrieved 2008-04-16.  
  9. ^ Flora of North America. "Annona reticulata Linn." (HTML). Chinese Plant Names. http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=3&taxon_id=200008508. Retrieved 2008-04-16.  
  10. ^ a b c d e Mahdeem, H. (1998-07-05). "Annona reticulata" (HTML). Neglected Crops. Department of Horticulture & Landscape Architecture, Purdue University. http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/1492/annonas.html#Annona%20reticulata. Retrieved 2008-04-16.  
  11. ^ Bioversity International. "Result set for: Annonaceae Annona reticulata" (HTML). New World Fruits Database. http://www.bioversityinternational.org/Information_Sources/Species_Databases/New_World_Fruits_Database/qryall3.asp?intIDSpecies=101. Retrieved 2008-04-16.  

External links

Advertisements

Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus:Magnoliids
Ordo: Magnoliales
Familia: Annonaceae
Genus: Annona
Species: Annona reticulata

Name

Annona reticulata, L.

References

USDA, NRCS. 2006. The PLANTS Database, 6 March 2006 (http://plants.usda.gov). Data compiled from various sources by Mark W. Skinner. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.

Vernacular names

Bahasa Melayu: Buah nona, Lonang, Nona kapri
Deutsch: Netzannone, Ochsenherz, Schleimapfel
English: custard apple, bullock's-heart, ox-heart, wild sweetsop
Español: anona corazón, corazón de buey, mamán, cachimán, candón, cherimoya
Français: annone réticulée, coeur de boeuf, cachiman, cachimantier, coeur de boeuf, corossolier sauvage, cachiman créme
日本語: ギュウシンリ
Português: biribá, fruta-de-condessa, fruta-do-conde, biribarana
Русский: Аннона сетчатая
Tagalog: Anonas
ไทย: น้อยโหน่ง
中文: 牛心番荔枝

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message