|"Another Brick in the Wall"|
|Song by Pink Floyd
from the album The Wall
|Released||30 November 1979 (UK)
8 December 1979 (US)
|Length||8:24 (All three parts)
3:10 (Part I)
3:59 (Part II)
1:14 (Part III)
|Producer||Bob Ezrin, David Gilmour, Roger Waters|
|The Wall track listing|
|"Another Brick in the Wall (Part II)"|
|Single by Pink Floyd|
|from the album The Wall|
|B-side||"One of My Turns"|
|Released||November 1979 (UK)
January 1980 (US)
|Genre||Progressive rock, funk rock, art rock|
|Producer||Bob Ezrin, David Gilmour, Roger Waters|
|Pink Floyd singles chronology|
"Another Brick in the Wall" is the title of three songs set to variations of the same basic theme, on Pink Floyd's 1979 rock opera, The Wall, subtitled Part I (work title Reminiscing) , Part II (work title Education), and Part III (work title Drugs), respectively, all of which were written by Pink Floyd's bassist and then lead songwriter, Roger Waters. It has become one of the most famous Pink Floyd songs.
Part II is a protest song against rigid schooling in general and boarding schools in particular, which has led to the song being banned in South Africa. It was also released as a single and provided the band's only number one hit in the UK, the US, West Germany and many other countries. In the UK, it was their first single since 1968's "Point Me at the Sky", the song was also the final number one single of the 1970s. For Part II, Pink Floyd received a Grammy nomination for Best Performance by a Rock Duo or Group and lost to Bob Seger's "Against the Wind". In addition, Part II was number 375 on Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Songs of All Time list. The single sold over 4 million copies worldwide. In Israel Part II was chosen as the best rock song of the 1980s (although it was issued before 1980), in a survey by one of the main radio stations Israel Army Radio held at the end of 1989.
Each of the three parts have a similar, if not the same, tune and lyrical structure (though not lyrics, aside from the "all in all" refrain), and each is louder and more enraged than the one before, rising from the sadness of Part I to the protesting Part II to the furious Part III. This tune is repeated in almost every song on the album, albeit in a different form each time.
Part I of the song is very quiet dynamically and features a long, subdued guitar solo. The vocals are softer and gentler in tone than in Parts II and III, although there is a short, sharp rise in dynamics and tone for a brief period towards the end of the lyrical portion. Sniffing, shouting, wailing, calling, and children can be faintly heard in the background, along the lines of "You! Stand still, laddie!"
The Thin Ice discussed during the previous song breaks when Pink becomes older and learns of the death of his father. Pink is devastated by this reality and begins to build The Wall.
Pink's mother is seen praying in a church after the death of her husband overseas. Pink, however, is, at this point, oblivious of his death, and can be seen playing with a toy airplane. The song continues with Pink playing in a public park after his mother leaves him to go shopping. He sees a man who he takes a liking to in the absence of his own father. The man gives Pink a lift onto a ride, and it's clear Pink feels as if this man is his real father. Pink follows the man's son around, copying him, but doesn't understand why the other boy's father isn't paying attention to him. He grabs the man's hand but is shooed away, only to grab the man's hand again. The man pushes Pink away again, and dejectedly he sits on a swing.
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In the album version of The Wall, "Another Brick in the Wall, Part II" segues from "The Happiest Days of Our Lives", with a trademark Roger Waters scream. The song has strong drums, a well-known bass line and distinctive guitar parts in the background with a smooth, yet edgy guitar solo. The song also features a group of school children for lead vocals in the second verse: as the song ends, the sounds of a school yard are heard, along with the teacher who continues to lord it over the children's lives by shouting such things as "Wrong! Do it again!" which somehow sounds mocking, and "If you don't eat yer meat, you can't have any pudding! How can you have any pudding if you don't eat yer meat?!", and "You! Yes! You behind the bikesheds! Stand still, laddie!", all of it dissolving into the dull drone of a phone ringing and ending with a deep sigh.
For "Part II", Pink Floyd needed a school choir, and producer Bob Ezrin requested that sound engineer Nick Griffiths find one. Griffiths approached music teacher Alun Renshaw of Islington Green School, around the corner from their Britannia Row Studios. Though the school received a lump sum payment of £1000, there was no contractual arrangement for royalties from record sales. Under 1996 UK copyright law, they became eligible for royalties from broadcasts, and after royalties agent Peter Rowan traced choir members through the website Friends Reunited and other means, they claimed their payments. Contrary to press reports, this did not involve suing Pink Floyd. Music industry professionals estimated that each student would be owed around £500.
After being insulted by the teacher, Pink dreams that the kids in his school begin to protest against their abusive teachers.
Following "The Happiest Days of Our Lives" Pink starts to daydream during his class. He imagines several students marching in unison to the beat of the song, following a path until they fall blindly into an oversized meat-grinder to re-emerge as putty-faced clones void of individual distinction. Starting with Gilmour's guitar solo, the children destroy the school building using hammers (foreshadowing the subsequent neo-fascist Nazi-like animated sequence with its marching hammers) and crowbars, creating a bonfire, dragging their teacher out of the burning school kicking and screaming. The song ends with Pink rubbing his hand, which the teacher slapped with a ruler in the previous song.
During the song, the teacher's "meat and pudding" lines are folded into the first few lines of the school choir's lines, and are performed by the teacher in the film, played by Alex McAvoy.
Prior to the film, the first video for the track, directed by Alan Parker, depicted students running in a playground and the teacher puppet from The Wall concerts was used. The video also mixed in some animated scenes later used in "The Trial" and "Waiting for the Worms". The children who sang on "Another Brick in the Wall (Pt. II)" were not allowed to appear in the video as they didn't hold Equity Cards.
Once the film was completed, the actual scenes of "The Happiest Days of Our Lives" and "Another Brick in the Wall, Part II" were combined into a new video, which now represents the music video for "Another Brick in the Wall".
|Australian Singles Chart||1|
|Austrian Singles Chart||1|
|Danish Singles Chart||1|
|French Singles Chart||1|
|German Singles Chart||1|
|Italian Singles Chart||31|
|Spanish Singles Chart||1|
|Swedish Singles Chart||1|
|Swiss Singles Chart||1|
|UK Singles Chart||1|
|U.S. Billboard Hot 100||1|
The song is dynamically loud, and features the once subtle bass line, now much louder, to express Pink's rage. It is also the shortest 'part' of "Another Brick In The Wall".
Pink decides to finish this wall as a result of his rage after his wife's betrayal. He states that he has seen the "writing on the wall". He concludes that he no longer needs anything at all, dismissing the people in his life as just "bricks in the wall".
In the film, the song is accompanied by a montage of events that contributed to the construction of the wall.
|United Kingdom||Platinum ||995,000||January 1980|
|USA||Gold ||1,000,000||03/24/1980||Re-certified platinum 9/25/01, same sales level.|
|USA||Gold ||500,000||05/08/2008||Digital Sales Award|
|"Another Brick in the Wall, Pts. 1-3"|
|Single by Korn|
|from the album Greatest Hits, Vol. 1|
|Producer||Jonathan Davis, Korn, and Frank Filipetti|
|Korn singles chronology|
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