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Ansbach
Ansbach Centre.jpg
Coat of arms of Ansbach
Ansbach is located in Germany
Ansbach
Coordinates 49°18′0″N 10°35′0″E / 49.3°N 10.583333°E / 49.3; 10.583333
Administration
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Middle Franconia
District Urban district
Lord Mayor Carda Seidel (BAP/FWG/ödp)
Basic statistics
Area 99.92 km2 (38.58 sq mi)
Elevation 405 m  (1329 ft)
Population 40,512  (31 December 2004)
 - Density 405 /km2 (1,050 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate AN
Postal code 91522
Area code 0981
Website www.ansbach.de

Ansbach, or Anspach, originally Onolzbach, is a town in Bavaria, Germany. It is the capital of the administrative region of Middle Franconia. Ansbach is situated 25 miles southwest of Nuremberg and 90 miles north of Munich, on the Fränkische Rezat, a tributary of the Main river. Population: 40,723 (2004).

The city has five schools and the Ansbach University of Applied Sciences. It is connected by the autobahn A6 and the highways B13 and B14.

Contents

History

A Benedictine monastery at the place was founded around 748 by a Franconian noble, Gumbertus, who was later canonized. In the following centuries the monastery and the adjoining village (Onoldsbach) grew to become the town of Ansbach (called a town in 1221 for the first time).

The counts of Oettingen ruled over Ansbach until the Hohenzollern burgraves of Nuremberg took over in 1331. The Hohenzollerns made Ansbach the seat of their dynasty until their acquisition of the Margraviate of Brandenburg in 1415. However, after the 1440 death of Frederick I, Elector of Brandenburg, the Franconian cadet branch of the family was not politically united with the main Brandenburg line, remaining independent as "Brandenburg-Ansbach."

Margrave George the Pious introduced the Protestant Reformation to Ansbach in 1528, leading to the secularization of St. Gumbertus Abbey in 1563.

In 1792 Ansbach was annexed by the Hohenzollerns of Prussia. In 1796 the Duke of Zweibrücken, Maximilian Joseph, the future Bavarian king Max I. Joseph, was exiled to Ansbach after Zweibrücken had been taken by the French. In Ansbach Maximilian von Montgelas wrote an elaborate concept for the future political organisation of Bavaria, which is known as the "Ansbacher Mémoire". In 1806 Prussia ceded Ansbach and the Principality of Ansbach to Bavaria in exchange for the Bavarian duchy of Berg.

At the end of the 17th century, the margraves' palace at Ansbach was rebuilt in Baroque style.

During World War II, a subcamp of Flossenburg concentration camp was located here.[1] Also during the Second World War the Luftwaffe and Wehrmacht had bases here. The nearby airbase was the home station for the Stab & I/KG53 (Staff & 1st Group of Kampfgeschwader 53) operating 38 Heinkel He 111 bombers. On 1 September 1939 this unit was one of the many that participated in the attack on Poland that started the war. During the Western Allied invasion of Germany in April 1945, the airfield was seized by the United States Third Army, and used by the USAAF 354th Fighter Group which flew P-47 Thunderbolts from the aerodrome (designated ALG R-82) from late April until the German capitulation on 7 May 1945.[2][3][4]

Since 1970, Ansbach has enlarged its municipal area by incorporating adjacent communities.

Ansbach was a small town largely by-passed by the Industrial Revolution, an administrative and cultural center. Although all bridges were destroyed, the historical center of Ansbach was spared during World War II and it has kept its baroque character.

Ansbach hosts several units of the U.S. armed forces, associated with German units under NATO. There are five separate U.S. installations: Shipton Kaserne, home to 412th Aviation Support Battalion, Katterbach Kaserne, formally the home of the 1st Infantry Division's 4th Combat Aviation Brigade, which has been replaced by the 12th Combat Aviation Brigade as of 2006, as part of the 1st Infantry Division's return to Fort Riley, Kansas; Bismarck Kaserne, which functions as a satellite post to Katterbach, hosting their Post Exchange, Theater, Barracks, Franconia Inn, Military Police, and other support agencies, Barton Barracks, home to the USAG Ansbach and Bleidorn Barracks, which has a library and housing. Ansbach was also home to the 1st Armored Division (United States) during the early 1990s.[5]

Boroughs

  • Eyb, part of Ansbach since October 1, 1970
  • Bernhardswinden, part of Ansbach since July 1, 1972
  • Brodswinden, part of Ansbach since July 1, 1972
  • Claffheim, part of Ansbach since July 1, 1972
  • Elpersdorf bei Ansbach, part of Ansbach since July 1, 1972
  • Hennenbach, part of Ansbach since July 1, 1972
  • Neuses bei Ansbach, part of Ansbach since July 1, 1972
    • Strüth
    • Wasserzell
  • Schalkhausen, part of Ansbach since July 1, 1972
    • Geisengrund
    • Dornberg
    • Neudorf
    • Steinersdorf

International relations

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Twin towns — sister cities

Ansbach is twinned with:

Notable people

Albert of Prussia, Grand Master of the Teutonic Order and the first duke of Prussia.

In the late sixteenth century, the physician to margrave Georg Friedrich was the famous botanist, Leonhart Fuchs.

Ansbach was home of the astronomer Simon Marius, who observed Jupiter's moons from the castle's tower. Later he claimed to be the discoverer of the moons, which led to a dispute with the true discoverer, Galileo Galilei.

Ansbach was the birthplace of the early chemist, Georg Ernst Stahl.

Queen Caroline, consort of King George II of Great Britain was born in Ansbach in 1683.

Two poets, Johann Peter Uz (1720–1796) and August von Platen-Hallermünde (1790–1835), were also born there.

Ansbach was the birthplace of the pre-Linnean botanist, Georg Christian Oeder.

John James Maximilian Oertel, (1811–1882), born in Ansbach, was a Lutheran clergyman who later converted to Roman Catholicism, became a professor of German at Fordham University in the United States, and later edited and founded several newspapers in the United States, including one that would become the leading German-language newspaper in the county, Baltimore's Kirchenzeitung.[6]

Also the Bavarian Major General and War Minister Moritz Ritter von Spies (1805–1862) was born in Ansbach.

Kaspar Hauser lived in Ansbach from 1830 to 1833. He was murdered in the palace gardens.

Theodor Escherich, bacteriologist and paediatrician, born in Ansbach in 1857. Bacterial genus Escherichia (e.g. Escherichia coli) was named after him in 1919, eight years after his death.

Hermann Fegelein SS Reichsfuhrer Heinrich Himmler's Adjutant and Adolf Hitler's brother in law was a great admirer of his birthplace, Ansbach.

George H. Brickner, U.S. Representative from Wisconsin.

Sights

  • Castle of the Margraves of Brandenburg-Ansbach
  • Margrave museum
  • Kaspar Hauser Monument
  • St. Gumbertus and St. Johannis churches, both fifteenth century

See also

Wolf of Ansbach

References

External links

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Ansbach is a town in the Franconia region of Bavaria, Germany.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

ANSBACH, or Anspach, originally Onolzbach, a town of Germany, in the kingdom of Bavaria, on the Rezat, 27 m. by rail S.W. of Nuremberg, and 90 m. N. of Munich. Pop. (1900) 1 7,555. It contains a palace, once the residence of the margraves of Anspach, with fine gardens; several churches, the finest of which are those dedicated to St John, containing the vault of the former margraves, and St Gumbert; a gymnasium; a picture gallery; a municipal museum and a special technical school. Ansbach possesses monuments to the poets August, Count von Platen-Hallermund, and Johann Peter Uz, who were born here, and to Kaspar Hauser, who died here. The chief manufactures are machinery, toys, woollen, cotton, and half-silk stuffs, embroideries, earthenware, tobacco, cutlery and playing cards. There is considerable trade in grain, wool and flax. In 17 9 1 the last margrave of Anspach sold his principality to Frederick William II., king of Prussia; it was transferred by Napoleon to Bavaria in 1806, an act which was confirmed by the congress of Vienna in 1815.


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

German

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Wikipedia

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German Wikipedia has an article on:
Ansbach

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Proper noun

Ansbach

  1. Ansbach (independent city in Bavaria, Germany)

Simple English

Ansbach

Ansbach
Coordinates 49°18′0″N 10°35′0″E / 49.3°N 10.583333°E / 49.3; 10.583333
Administration
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Middle Franconia
District Urban district
Lord Mayor Carda Seidel (BAP/FWG/ödp)
Basic statistics
Area 99.92 km2 (38.58 sq mi)
Elevation 405 m  (1329 ft)
Population 40,512  (31 December 2004)
 - Density 405 /km2 (1,050 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate AN
Postal code 91522
Area code 0981
Website www.ansbach.de

Ansbach is a city in Middle Franconia, Germany.

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