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Antelope Jackrabbit: Wikis


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Antelope Jackrabbit[1]
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Lagomorpha
Family: Leporidae
Genus: Lepus
Species: L. alleni
Binomial name
Lepus alleni
Maarns, 1890

The Antelope Jackrabbit (Lepus alleni) is a species of North American hare.


Geographic range

The Antelope Jackrabbit is found primarily in the southwest United States and is most densely populated in the state of Arizona. Although the largest population is found in Arizona the species extends into New Mexico, southeastern California, and parts of northern Mexico.


The Antelope Jackrabbit is found in a variety of habitat. It can be found in grassy hills or plains. It can also be found in the deserts of the southwest as well. Jackrabbits are not uncommon in urban areas either, where they have adapted very well to human encroachment upon their habitat.

Physical description

The Antelope Jackrabbit has a body length that ranges from 45 to 60 cm (18 to 24 in.) long. Its tail will grow to lengths of 3 to 10 cm (1 to 4 in.) long. Its front legs grow from 10 to 20 cm (4 to 8 in.) and the back legs can grow from 20 to 30 cm (8 to 12 in.) long. The legs are where the Antelope Jackrabbit gets its name, after the fast, leaping animals of the plains of Africa called antelopes. The Antelope Jackrabbit's ears grow to be 2 to 8 inches when fully grown. The ears of the Antelope Jackrabbit are not only used to hear but are also used to reduce and regulate body heat for survival in the hot conditions they live in.


There are two subspecies of this jackrabbit:

  • Lepus alleni alleni
  • Lepus alleni tiburonensis


  1. ^ Hoffmann, Robert S.; Andrew T. Smith (2005-11-16). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds). ed. Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 195. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.  
  2. ^ Lagomorph Specialist Group (1996). Lepus alleni. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 2009-08-26.


See also

  • Jackalope - a fictional cross between an antelope and a jackrabbit

External links


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