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Anti-Scottish sentiment is disdain, envy, fear or hatred for Scotland, the Scots or Scottish culture. It is sometimes referred to as Scotophobia[1][2] (which also means fear of the dark).

Contents

Anti-Scottish attacks

There have been a number of racist assaults on Scots by English people in recent years. In 2004 a Scottish war veteran was beaten up by a gang with bricks for having a Scottish accent.[3] In Aspatria, Cumbria, a group of Scottish school girls needed police protection after being attacked at a carnival. [4] In Bolton, in 2008, a Scottish schoolgirl was shot in the face by a youth who objected to her Scottish accent. [5] An English football supporter was banned for life for shouting "Kill all the Jocks" before attacking Scottish football fans. [6]

Additionally, there have been accounts of anti-Scottish hate campaigns in England which have resulted in Scots being forced out of their homes. [7][8].

There have been several recent cases of Scots being victims of racist attacks by English people within Scotland, suggesting that anti-Scottish attitudes are also prevalent among English people who choose to live or holiday in Scotland. [9][10][11]

Such intolerance is reciprocated with numerous accounts of anti-English comments directed at the English by Scots. [12][13][14][15][16]

Pejorative terms

Racist, or pejorative, anti-Scottish terms include "jock", "scotch" and "sweaty" - the latter being cockney rhyming slang.

In the media

A stereotypical Scotsman is often depicted as being fiery-tempered or miserly. Examples include: Groundskeeper Willie, Private Frazer, Mr Mackay, Scotty, Gordon Brown and famous WWE hall of famer Rowdy Roddy Piper. When such a character wears a kilt there is often ribald speculation or innuendo about what is underneath. The accompanying sporran is often thought to be amusing too.

The term Scottish mafia is a pejorative term used by English nationalists for a group of Scottish Labour Party politicians and broadcasters who have been seen as having undue influence over the government of the United Kingdom and in particular of England. The term is widely used in the UK press[17][18] and in parliamentary debates.[19][20] Members of this group include: Tony Blair, Gordon Brown, Alistair Darling, Charles Falconer, Derry Irvine, Michael Martin and John Reid.

Kelvin MacKenzie

TV pundit and former editor of The Sun, Kelvin MacKenzie - a man with a very Scottish name himself - has courted controversy recently by making a series of attacks on the people of Scotland.

In July 2006, MacKenzie wrote a column for the Sun newspaper referring to Scots as 'Tartan Tosspots' and apparently rejoicing in the fact that Scotland has a lower life expectancy than the rest of the United Kingdom. MacKenzie's column provoked a storm of protest, and was heavily condemned by numerous commentators including Scottish MPs and MSPs.[21]

On 11 October 2007, MacKenzie appeared on the BBC's Question Time TV programme and launched another attack on Scotland. During a debate about tax, MacKenzie claimed that:

Scotland believes not in entrepreneurialism like London and the south east... Scots enjoy spending [money] but they don't enjoy creating it, which is the opposite to down south.[22]

The comments came as part of an attack on Prime Minister Gordon Brown whom MacKenzie said could not be trusted to manage the British economy because he was "a Scot" and a "socialist", and insisting that this was relevant to the debate. Fellow panellist Chuka Umunna, from the think tank Compass and a Labour Party member, called his comments "absolutely disgraceful", and booing and jeering were heard from the Cheltenham studio audience. The BBC received 350 complaints and MacKenzie's comments drew widespread criticism.

In a number of further interviews, MacKenzie went on to say that without England's financial support Scotland would most probably be a third world country.

Quotations

  • "There are few more impressive sights in the world than a Scotsman on the make" - J.M.Barrie[23]
  • "The noblest prospect which a Scotchman ever sees, is the high road that leads to England." - Samuel Johnson[23]

References

  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. 2008. http://dictionary.oed.com/. "Scotophobia, a morbid dread or dislike of the Scots or things Scottish"  
  2. ^ Neal Ascherson (28 June 2006). "Scotophobia". OpenDemocracy. http://www.opendemocracy.net/globalization-institutions_government/scotophobia_3692.jsp.  
  3. ^ http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-125203616.html
  4. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/south_of_scotland/6757773.stm
  5. ^ http://www.eveningtimes.co.uk/largeimage.php?imid=1055677
  6. ^ http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-100228134.html
  7. ^ http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-60349252.html
  8. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/1347149.stm
  9. ^ http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-139093357.html
  10. ^ http://news.stv.tv/scotland/35348-student-nurse-fined-hundreds-for-assault-and-antiscottish-abuse/
  11. ^ http://www.buteman.co.uk/news/Jail-term-for-race-jibe.4172215.jp
  12. ^ http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/article1166767.ece
  13. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/3167418.stm
  14. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/3886381.stm
  15. ^ http://news.scotsman.com/newsfront.aspx?SectionID=7549
  16. ^ www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1443446/Race-abuse-claim-by-English-in-Scotland.html
  17. ^ Jack, Ian (15 July 2006). "Border disputes". The Guardian (Guardian Newspapers Limited). http://books.guardian.co.uk/review/story/0,,1819741,00.html. Retrieved 2006-10-02.  
  18. ^ Johnson, Boris (31 August 2006). "There's nothing national about the National Health". The Daily Telegraph (Telegraph Group Limted). http://www.telegraph.co.uk/opinion/main.jhtml?xml=/opinion/2006/08/31/do3101.xml. Retrieved 2006-10-02.  
  19. ^ Parliamentary Debates, House of Lords, 12 February 2004, column GC571
  20. ^ Parliamentary Debates, House of Lords, 7 July 1997, column 523
  21. ^ "Sun ed and MacKenzie clash in "tartan tosspots"". Press Gazette. 10 July 2006. http://www.pressgazette.co.uk/story.asp?sectioncode=1&storycode=34843. Retrieved 2007-09-12.  
  22. ^ "MacKenzie attack draws Scots fire". BBC News. 12 October 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/glasgow_and_west/7041128.stm. Retrieved 2007-12-17.  
  23. ^ a b T. Christopher Smout (2005). Anglo-Scottish Relations, from 1603 to 1900. Oxford University Press. pp. 25. ISBN 0197263305. http://books.google.com/books?id=LpPDNU8S5oMC.  

See also

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