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Coin of Antigonus I Monophthalmus ("the One-eyed") (382 BC - 301 BC).

The Antigonid dynasty was a dynasty of Hellenistic kings descended from Alexander the Great's general Antigonus I Monophthalmus ("the One-eyed").

Contents

History

Succeeding the Antipatrid dynasty in much of Macedonia, Antigonus ruled mostly over Asia Minor and northern Syria. His attempts to take control of the whole of Alexander's empire led to his defeat and death at the Battle of Ipsus in 301 BC. Antigonus's son Demetrius I Poliorcetes survived the battle, and managed to seize control of Macedon itself a few years later, but eventually lost his throne, dying in prison. After a period of confusion, Demetrius's son Antigonus II Gonatas was able to establish the family's control over the old Kingdom of Macedon, as well as over most of the Greek city-states, by 276 BC.[1]

Legacy

It was one of four dynasties established by Alexander's successors, the others being the Seleucid dynasty, Ptolemaic dynasty and Attalid dynasty. The last scion of the dynasty, Perseus of Macedon, who reigned between 179-168 BCE, was recognized as a champion of Greek freedom against Rome. Nonetheless he proved unable to stop the advancing Roman legions and the Greeks' defeat at the Battle of Pydna signaled the end of the dynasty. [2]

Dynasty

Coin of Antigonus II Gonatas

The members of the Antingonid dynasty were:

The Greek rebel against Rome and last King of Macedonia, Andriscus, claimed to be the son of Perseus.

References

  1. ^ J. Spielvogel, Jackson (2005). Western Civilization: Volume I: To 1715. Thomson Wadsworth. pp. 89–90. ISBN 0534646034. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=xcNIBlwrjMsC&pg=PA89&dq=Antigonid+dynasty&as_brr=3&client=firefox-a&sig=bAsAQ3FULt-5YVLyQ9f9dJhvAEg#PPA90,M1. 
  2. ^ Britannica, Antigonid dynasty, 2008, O.Ed. "Philip’s successor, Perseus (reigned 179–168 bc), was recognized as a champion of Greek freedom against Rome. But Perseus’ failure to deploy his full resources brought about his defeat (168) at Pydna in Macedonia and signaled the end of the dynasty."

See also

List of kings of Macedon

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Simple English

The Antigonid dynasty was a Macedonian dynasty. The kings were part of the family of Alexander the Great's general Antigonus I Monophthalmus ("the One-eyed"). The dynasty ended when the Roman empire conquered the area after the Battle of Pydna in 168 BC.

Kings

  • Demetrius I Poliorcetes (294 BC-287 BC)
  • Antigonus II Gonatas (276 BC-239 BC)
  • Demetrius II (239 BC-229 BC)
  • Antigonus III Doson (229 BC - 221 BC)
  • Philip V (221 BC-179 BC)
  • Perseus (179 BC-168 BC)

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