The Full Wiki

More info on Antimachus II

Antimachus II: Wikis


Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Antimachus II Nikephoros "The Victorious" was an Indo-Greek king. He ruled on a vast territory from the Hindu-Kush to the Punjab around 170 BCE. He was almost certainly identical with the eponymous son of Antimachus I, who is known from a unique preserved tax-receipt[1]. Bopearachchi dated Antimachus II to 160-155 BCE on numismatical grounds, but changed this to 174-165 BCE after the tax-receipt was revealed to synchronise his reign with that of Antimachus I.[2]. R C Senior has not dated Antimachus II but thinks that his coins were possibly Indian issues of Antimachus I, despite their different epithets and coin types.

In both of Boperachchi's reconstructions, Antimachus II was succeeded by Menander I who inherited three of his four monograms. Antimachus II probably fought with the Bactrian king Eucratides I, who had dethroned his father in Bactria.


Coins of Antimachus II

Just like his predecessor or contemporary Apollodotus I, Antimachus II did not strike a portrait on his coins, likely since this was not custom in India. Neither did the early kings strike tetradrachms. Antimachus II struck a large number of bilingual drachms on the same lighter Indian standard as Apollodotus I, though round in shape. On the obverse is Nike, and on the reverse a king on horseback.

He also issued bilingual bronzes with aegis / laurel wreath and palm. Both these and the goddess Nike seem to allude to his epithet "the Victorious".


  1. ^ Rea, J.R., Senior, R.C. and Hollis, A.S., “A tax receipt from Hellenistic Bactria”,Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 104 (1994)
  2. ^ Boperarachchi (1991) and (1998), respectively.
Preceded by
Apollodotus I (possibly)
Greco-bactrian Ruler
(Paropamisadae, Arachosia, Gandhara, Punjab)

172-167 BCE
Succeeded by
Eucratides I

See also




Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address