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Anton Florian, Prince of Liechtenstein.

Anton Florian, Prince of Liechtenstein (28 May 1656 – 11 October 1721) was the Prince of Liechtenstein between 1718 and 1721.

He was born in Wilfersdorf, in what is now Upper Austria. During the War of the Spanish Succession, he went to Spain, where he was the Chief Intendant and Prime Minister of the Archduke Karl, who became Emperor Charles VI after the sudden death of his brother in 1711. Florian returned to Vienna for Charles's coronation. He was the Imperial Chief Intendant and Chairman of the Secret Council until he died in 1721.

In 1719, Charles VI created the new principality of Liechtenstein from the domains of Schellenberg and Vaduz, which were both held by the Liechtenstein family. This was done so that Anton Florian could be admitted to the Reichstag, which required that all members had land that was subordinate only to the Emperor himself (as opposed to land held in fief by higher nobles). Thus, Anton Florian became the first Prince of Liechtenstein. It and Luxembourg are the only states of the Holy Roman Empire that still exist.

He was the 591st Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece in Austria. He died at Vienna in 1721.

Marriage and issue

Anton married Eleonore Barbara, Countess of Thun-Hohenstein (4 May 1661 – 10 February 1723) on October 15, 1679. They had 11 children, most of whom died in early childhood:

  • Prince Franz Augustin (1680–1681)
  • Princess Eleonore (1681–1682)
  • Princess Antonia Maria Eleonore (12 January 1683 – 19 December 1715)
  • Prince Karl Joseph Florian (b. and d. 1685)
  • Prince Anton Ignaz Joseph (1689–1690)
  • Joseph Johann Adam, Prince of Liechtenstein (27 May 1690 – 17 December 1732)
  • Prince Innozenz Franz Anton (1693–1707)
  • Princess Maria Karoline Anna (23 August 1694 – 16 April 1735)
  • Prince Karl Joseph (1697–1704)
  • Princess Anna Maria Antonie (1699–1753); married her cousin, Joseph Wenzel I, Prince of Liechtenstein
  • Princess Maria Eleonore (1703 – 18 July 1757); married Count Friedrich August von Harrach-Rohrau
Anton Florian, Prince of Liechtenstein
Born: 1656 Died: 1721
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Joseph Wenzel I
Prince of Liechtenstein
1718—1721
Succeeded by
Joseph Johann Adam
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