Antonio Carlos Jobim: Wikis

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Tom Jobim

Jobim in early 1994 while taking a break from recording Antonio Brasileiro.
Background information
Birth name Antônio Carlos Brasileiro de Almeida Jobim
Also known as Antônio Carlos Jobim, Tom Jobim
Born January 25, 1927(1927-01-25)
Origin Rio de Janeiro,  Brazil
Died December 8, 1994 (aged 67)
Genres Bossa Nova
MPB
Occupations Musician, composer, songwriter, singer
Instruments Piano, guitar
Years active 1956 - 1994
Labels Verve
Warner Bros.
Associated acts Vinícius de Moraes, João Gilberto, Astrud Gilberto, Stan Getz, Frank Sinatra
Website www.tomjobim.com.br

Antônio Carlos Brasileiro de Almeida Jobim (January 25, 1927 in Rio de Janeiro – December 8, 1994 in New York), also known as Tom Jobim, was a Grammy Award-winning Brazilian songwriter, composer, arranger, singer, and pianist/guitarist. A primary force behind the creation of the bossa nova style, his songs have been performed by many singers and instrumentalists within Brazil and internationally.

Contents

Biography

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Early life and career

Jobim's musical roots were planted firmly in the work of Pixinguinha, the legendary musician and composer who began modern Brazilian music in the 1930s. Among his teachers were Lúcia Branco, and, from 1941 on, Hans-Joachim Koellreutter. Jobim was also influenced by the French composers Claude Debussy and Ravel, and by jazz. Among many themes, his lyrics talked about love, political repression, betrayal, and especially about the natural beauties of Brazil, like the "Mata Atlântica" forest, characters of Brazilian folklore like Matita Pereira (Saci Pererê), and his home city of Rio de Janeiro.

Jobim became prominent in Brazil when he teamed up with poet and diplomat Vinicius de Moraes to write the music for the play Orfeu de Conceição (1956). The most popular song from the show was "Se Todos Fossem Iguais A Você" ("Someone to Light Up My Life"). Later, when the play was turned into a film, producer Sacha Gordine did not want to use any of the existing music from the play. Gordine asked de Moraes and Jobim for a new score for the film Black Orpheus (1959). Moraes was at the time away in Montevideo, Uruguay, working for the Itamaraty (the Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Affairs) and so he and Jobim were only able to write three songs, primarily over the telephone ("A Felicidade", "Frevo",and "O Nosso Amor"). This collaboration proved successful, and Vinicius went on to pen the lyrics to some of Jobim's most popular songs.

Popularity

A key event in making Jobim's music known in the English speaking world was his collaboration with the American jazz saxophonist Stan Getz, João Gilberto and Gilberto's wife at the time, Astrud Gilberto, which resulted in two albums, Getz/Gilberto (1963) and Getz/Gilberto Vol. 2 (1964). The release of Getz/Gilberto created a bossa nova craze in the United States, and subsequently internationally.

Getz had previously recorded Jazz Samba with Charlie Byrd (1962), and Jazz Samba Encore! with Luiz Bonfá (1964). Jobim wrote many of the songs on Getz/Gilberto, which became one of the best-selling jazz albums of all time, and turned Astrud Gilberto, who sang on "The Girl from Ipanema" and "Corcovado", into an international sensation.

At the Grammy Awards of 1964 Getz/Gilberto won the Grammy Award for Album of the Year, Grammy Award for Best Jazz Instrumental Album, Individual or Group and the Grammy Award for Best Engineered Album, Non-Classical. "The Girl from Ipanema" won the award for Grammy Award for Record of the Year.

Jobim remained musically productive until his death in 1994 from heart failure; his last album, Antonio Brasileiro, was released posthumously.[1] He is buried in the Cemitério São João Batista in Rio de Janeiro.[2]

Death

On December 8, 1994, after finishing recording for his next album, Tom Jobim, Jobim collapsed while driving home. He was taken to the nearest hospital and 10 minutes later, he was pronounced dead. The cause of death was heart failure.

His last album, Antonio Brasileiro, was released posthumously.[3]

He is buried in the Cemitério São João Batista in Rio de Janeiro.[4]

Legacy

Many of Jobim's songs are jazz standards. American jazz singers Ella Fitzgerald and Frank Sinatra prominently featured Jobim's songs on their albums Ella Abraça Jobim (1981), and Francis Albert Sinatra & Antonio Carlos Jobim (1967), respectively. Other notable performers of Jobim songs include Vince Guaraldi, Toninho Horta, Andy Williams, Lambert, Hendricks, & Ross, Tony Bennett, Rosemary Clooney, Diana Krall, Claudine Longet, Sting, Art Garfunkel, and George Michael. Julian Lloyd Webber recorded a cello version of The Girl From Ipanema on his 2001 album Made In England. Carlos Santana's 1970s album Caravanserai included a version of Jobim's "Stone Flower." The 1996 CD Wave: The Antonio Carlos Jobim Songbook included performances of Jobim tunes by Oscar Peterson, Herbie Hancock, Chick Corea, and Toots Thielemans.

The Brazilian collaborators and interpreters of Jobim's music include João Gilberto (often credited as a co-creator of bossa nova), Chico Buarque, Gal Costa, Elis Regina, Sergio Mendes, Astrud Gilberto, and Flora Purim. Eumir Deodato and the conductor/composer Claus Ogerman arranged many recordings of Jobim tunes.[5]

The Rio de Janeiro international airport was renamed as Galeão - Antonio Carlos Jobim International Airport in his honor.

Compositions

Discography

As performer

Live albums

With Frank Sinatra

Soundtracks

As contributor

Filmography

Live Concerts

Notes

References

  • McGowan, Chris; Pessanha, Ricardo (1998). The Brazilian Sound: Samba, Bossa Nova and the Popular Music of Brazil (2nd edition ed.). Philadelphia: Temple University Press. ISBN 1-56639-545-3, ISBN 1-56639-544-5.  
  • Castro, Ruy (2000). Bossa Nova: The Story of the Brazilian Music That Seduced the World (1st English-Language Edition ed.). Chicago, IL: A Capella Books. ISBN 1-55652-409-9.  

External links


Tom Jobim
File:Tom
Background information
Birth name Antonio Carlos Brasileiro de Almeida Jobim
Also known as Antonio Carlos Jobim, Tom Jobim
Born January 25, 1927(1927-01-25)
Origin Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Died December 8, 1994 (aged 67)
Genre(s) Bossa Nova
MPB
Occupation(s) Musician, composer, songwriter, singer
Instrument(s) Piano, guitar
Years active 1956 - 1994
Associated acts Vinícius de Moraes, João Gilberto, Astrud Gilberto, Stan Getz, Frank Sinatra
Website www.tomjobim.com.br

Antonio Carlos Brasileiro de Almeida Jobim (January 25, 1927 in Rio de JaneiroDecember 8, 1994 in New York), also known as Tom Jobim, was a Grammy Award-winning Brazilian songwriter, composer, arranger, singer, and pianist/guitarist. A primary force behind the creation of the bossa nova style, Jobim is acknowledged as one of the most influential popular composers of the 20th century. His songs have been performed by many singers and instrumentalists within Brazil and internationally.

Contents

Biography

Early life and career

Jobim's musical roots were planted firmly in the work of Pixinguinha, the legendary musician and composer who began modern Brazilian music in the 1930s. Jobim was also influenced by the French composers Claude Debussy and Ravel, and by jazz. Among many themes, his lyrics talked about love, political repression, betrayal, and especially about the natural beauties of Brazil, like the "Mata Atlântica" forest, characters of Brazilian folklore like Matita Pereira (Saci Pererê), and his home city of Rio de Janeiro.

Jobim became prominent in Brazil when he teamed up with poet and diplomat Vinicius de Moraes to write the music for the play Orfeu de Conceição (1956). The most popular song from the show was "Se Todos Fossem Iguais A Você" ("Someone to Light Up My Life"). Later, when the play was turned into a film, producer Sacha Gordine did not want to use any of the existing music from the play. Gordine asked de Moraes and Jobim for a new score for the film Black Orpheus (1959). Vinicius was at the time away in Montevideo, Uruguay, working for the Itamaraty (the Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Affairs) and so he and Jobim were only able to write three songs, primarily over the telephone ("A Felicidade", "Frevo",and "O Nosso Amor"). This collaboration proved successful, and Vinicius went on to pen the lyrics to some of Jobim's most popular songs.

Popularity

A key event in making Jobim's music known in the English speaking world was his collaboration with the American jazz saxophonist Stan Getz, João Gilberto and Gilberto's wife at the time, Astrud Gilberto, which resulted in two albums, Getz/Gilberto (1963) and Getz/Gilberto Vol. 2 (1964). The release of Getz/Gilberto created a bossa nova craze in the United States, and subsequently internationally.

Getz had previously recorded Jazz Samba with Charlie Byrd (1962), and Jazz Samba Encore! with Luiz Bonfá (1964). Jobim wrote many of the songs on Getz/Gilberto, which became one of the best-selling jazz albums of all time, and turned Astrud Gilberto, who sang on "The Girl from Ipanema" and "Corcovado", into an international sensation.

At the Grammy Awards of 1964 Getz/Gilberto won the Grammy Award for Album of the Year, Grammy Award for Best Jazz Instrumental Album, Individual or Group and the Grammy Award for Best Engineered Album, Non-Classical. "The Girl from Ipanema" won the award for Grammy Award for Record of the Year.

Jobim remained musically productive until his 1994 death from heart failure; his last album, Antonio Brasileiro, was released posthumously.[1] He is buried in the Cemitério São João Batista in Rio de Janeiro.[2]

Legacy

Many of Jobim's songs are jazz standards in America. American jazz singers Ella Fitzgerald and Frank Sinatra prominently featured Jobim's songs on their albums Ella Abraça Jobim (1981), and Francis Albert Sinatra & Antonio Carlos Jobim (1967), respectively. Other notable performers of Jobim songs include Vince Guaraldi, Toninho Horta, Andy Williams, Lambert, Hendricks, & Ross, Tony Bennett, Rosemary Clooney, Diana Krall, Claudine Longet, Sting, Art Garfunkel, and George Michael. Carlos Santana's 1970s album Caravanserai included a version of Jobim's "Stone Flower." The 1996 CD Wave: The Antonio Carlos Jobim Songbook included performances of Jobim tunes by Oscar Peterson, Herbie Hancock, Chick Corea, and Toots Thielemans.

The Brazilian collaborators and interpreters of Jobim's music include João Gilberto (often credited as a co-creator of bossa nova), Chico Buarque, Gal Costa, Elis Regina, Sergio Mendes, Astrud Gilberto, and Flora Purim. Eumir Deodato and the conductor/composer Claus Ogerman arranged many recordings of Jobim tunes.[3]

The Rio de Janeiro international airport was renamed as Galeão - Antonio Carlos Jobim International Airport in his honor.

Discography

As performer

Live albums

With Frank Sinatra

Soundtracks

As contributor

Notes

  1. ^ Newsweek Archives
  2. ^ FindAGrave.com link to Jobim's burial
  3. ^ Red Bull Music Academy (2005) Eumir Deodato - Boy from Rio Pt. 1. Available from: http://www.redbullmusicacademy.com/LECTURES.95.0.html?act_session=211. Accessed 6 December 2006.
  4. ^ IMDB Soundtrack listing

References

  • McGowan, Chris; Pessanha, Ricardo (1998). The Brazilian Sound: Samba, Bossa Nova and the Popular Music of Brazil (2nd edition ed.). Philadelphia: Temple University Press. ISBN 1-56639-545-3, ISBN 1-56639-544-5. 
  • Castro, Ruy (2000). Bossa Nova: The Story of the Brazilian Music That Seduced the World (1st English-Language Edition ed.). Chicago, IL: A Capella Books. ISBN 1-55652-409-9. 

External links


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