The Full Wiki

More info on Antonio Starabba, Marchese di Rudinì

Antonio Starabba, Marchese di Rudinì: Wikis

Advertisements
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Antonio Starabba Marchese di Rudinì


In office
6 February 1891 – 15 May 1892
Monarch Umberto I
Preceded by Francesco Crispi
Succeeded by Giovanni Giolitti
In office
10 March 1896 – 29 June 1898
Monarch Umberto I
Preceded by Francesco Crispi
Succeeded by Luigi Pelloux

Born April 16, 1839(1839-04-16)
Palermo
Died August 6, 1908 (aged 69)
Rome
Political party Liberal-Conservative

Antonio Starabba, Marchese di Rudinì (16 April 1839 – 7 August 1908) was Prime Minister of Italy between 1891 and 1892 and from 1896 until 1898.

Biography

He was born in Palermo (then part of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies) into an aristocratic Sicilian family. However, his family was of a more cultured, liberal disposition than many of their contemporaries.

In 1859, he joined the revolutionary committee which paved the way for Garibaldi's triumphs in the following year. After spending a short time at Turin as attaché to the Italian foreign office, he was elected mayor of Palermo. In 1866, he displayed considerable personal courage and energy in quelling an insurrection of separatist and reactionary tendencies. The prestige thus acquired led to his appointment as prefect of Palermo. It was while occupying that position that he put down brigandage throughout the province. In 1868, he was prefect of Naples.

In October 1869 he became minister of the interior in the Menabrea cabinet. The cabinet fell a few months later, and although Starabba was an elected member of parliament for Canicattì, he held no important position until, upon the death of Marco Minghetti in 1886, he became leader of the Right. Early in 1891, he succeeded Francesco Crispi as premier and minister of foreign affairs, forming a coalition cabinet with a part of the Left under Giovanni Nicotera. His administration proved vacillating, but it initiated the economic reforms by virtue of which Italian finances were put on a sound basis and also renewed the Triple Alliance.

He was overthrown in May 1892 by a vote of the Chamber and was succeeded by Giovanni Giolitti. Upon the return of his rival, Crispi, to power in December 1893, he resumed political activity, allying himself with the Radical leader, Felice Cavallotti. The crisis consequent upon the disaster of Adowa enabled Rudinì to return to power as premier and minister of the interior in a cabinet formed by the veteran Conservative, General Ricotti. He signed a peace treaty with Abyssinia, but endangered relations with Great Britain by the unauthorized publication of confidential diplomatic correspondence in a Green-book on Abyssinian affairs.

To satisfy the anti-colonial party, he ceded Kassala to Great Britain, thereby provoking much indignation in Italy. His internal policy was marked by continual yielding to Radical pressure and by persecution of Crispi. By dissolving the Chamber early in 1897 and favoring Radical candidates in the general election, he paved the way for the outbreak of May 1898: Rudinì declared the state of siege at Naples, Florence, Livorno and Milan, and the suppression of the riot resulted into a bloodshed. Indignation at the results of his policy led to his overthrow in June 1898.

During his second term of office, he thrice modified his cabinet (July 1896, December 1897, and May 1898) without strengthening his political position. In many respects Rudinì, though leader of the Right and nominally a Conservative politician, proved a dissolving element in the Italian Conservative ranks. By his alliance with the Liberals under Nicotera in 1891, and by his understanding with the Radicals under Cavallotti in 1894-1898; by abandoning his Conservative colleague, General Ricotti, to whom he owed the premiership in 1896; and by his vacillating action after his fall from power, he divided and demoralized a constitutional party which, with more sincerity and less reliance upon political cleverness, he might have welded into a solid parliamentary organization.

Di Rudinì was also reputed to be a thorough gentleman and grand seigneur. One of the largest and wealthiest landowners in Sicily, he managed his estates on liberal lines, and was never troubled by agrarian disturbances. The marquis, who had not been in office since 1898, died at Rome in August, 1908, leaving a son, Carlo, who married a daughter of Henry Labouchere.

Many books have been written by his life including La settimana dell'anarchia del 1866 a Palermo written by Gaspare di Mercurio. [1]

See also

References

Preceded by
Luigi Ferraris
Italian Minister of the Interior
1869
Succeeded by
Giovanni Lanza
Preceded by
Francesco Crispi
Prime Minister of Italy
1891 – 1892
Succeeded by
Giovanni Giolitti
Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs
1891 – 1892
Succeeded by
Benedetto Brin
Preceded by
Francesco Crispi
Prime Minister of Italy
1896 – 1898
Succeeded by
Luigi Pelloux
Italian Minister of the Interior
1896 – 1898
Advertisements

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message